Monday, 25 July 2011

August 3, 2011

1,130 years ago
881


War
Louis III of France defeated Vikings in the Battle of Saucourt-en-Vimeu, an event celebrated in the poem Ludwigslied.

410 years ago
1601


War
Habsburg Monarchy forces, aided by Wallachian forces and Cossacks, captured Transylvania from Transylvanian troops in the Battle of Goroszló in what is now Romania.

220 years ago
1791


Canadiana
New Brunswick's first lighthouse became operational on Partridge Island in Saint John harbour.

200 years ago
1811


Born on this date
Elisha Otis
. U.S. industrialist. Mr. Otis invented the safety elevator in 1852, which automatically comes to a halt if the hoisting rope breaks. He successfully demonstrated it at the New York World's Fair in 1853, and founded the Otis Elevator Company in Yonkers, New York the same year. Mr. Otis died of diphtheria on April 8, 1861 at the age of 49.

140 years ago
1871


Born on this date
V.L. Parrington
. U.S. historian and football coach. Vernon Louis Parrington taught English at the University of Oklahoma (1897-1908) and was head coach of the university's football team (1897-1900), compiling a record of 9-2-1. He moved to the University of Washington in 1908, and was known for his radical anti-capitalist views and as the founder of the American Studies movement with the publication of his three-volume Main Currents in American Thought (1927), which won the 1928 Pulitzer Prize for History. Mr. Parrington's progressive view of American history was heavily influential upon historians from the late 1920s through the 1930s, but came under heavy criticism in the '40s, and he was largely forgotten by 1950, more than two decades after his death on June 16, 1929 at the age of 57.

110 years ago
1901


Born on this date
John C. Stennis
. U.S. politician. Mr. Stennis, a Democrat, represented Mississippi in the United States Senate from 1947-1989. Nicknamed "Mr. Integrity," Sen. Stennis was the first Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Ethics from 1965-1975, and Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Armed Services from 1969-1981. He died on April 23, 1995 at the age of 93.

Baseball
Ed Scott (6-6), playing the 59th and last game of his 2-year major league career, pitched a complete game and batted 2 for 5 with 2 runs, hitting a solo home run in the top of the 10th inning to break a 7-7 tie as the Cleveland Blues defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 8-7 before 1,800 fans at Lloyd Street Grounds in Milwaukee.

100 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Alex McCrindle
. U.K. actor. Mr. McCrindle, a native of Glasgow, appeared in several television programs in the late 1930s and in movies and television from the early 1950s until his death on April 20, 1990 at the age of 78. He was best known for playing General Jan Dodonna in Star Wars (1977).

90 years ago
1921


Baseball
Ignoring the acquittal by a Chicago jury of the White Sox players accused of conspiring to fix the outcome of the 1919 World Series, major league baseball Commissioner Kenesaw M. Landis banned the eight for life, saying, "Regardless of the verdict of juries, no player that...undertakes or promises to throw a ballgame...will ever play professional baseball."

75 years ago
1936


Disasters
A fire wiped out the community of Kursha-2 in the Meshchera Lowlands, Ryazan Oblast, Russia, killing 1,200, and leaving only 20 survivors.

Olympics
Jesse Owens, a Negro from the United States, won the first of 4 gold medals at the Berlin Olympics, this one in the men's 100-metre run, damaging Nazi Germany's ideas of Aryan racial superiority.



70 years ago
1941


War
Several hundred British planes bombed Berlin, Hamburg, and Kiel during the night of August 2-3. Saigon dispatches reported that Australian and Indian troops were massing on the Malayan-Thai border and that strong Thai forces were concentrating on the Indochinese frontier as Japanese troops moved into Cambodia. Five days after its arrival in Wellington Harbour, the four-masted Finnish barque Pamir was seized in prize by the New Zealand government, which regarded Finland as "territory in enemy occupation" (Finland had joined Nazi Germany’s invasion of their mutual enemy, the Soviet Union, but was not formally a member of the Axis powers). The Pamir remains the only "enemy" vessel ever to be seized by New Zealand.

Diplomacy
U.S. special envoy Harry Hopkins returned by plane to London from Moscow. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt embarked at New London, Connecticut for what was described as a cruise, but actually for the Argentia conference with U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill.

Economics and finance
Japanese ships in American harbours were allowed to sail for home after surrendering $4 million worth of silk as a bond for importers' claims.

Gasoline filling stations along the Eastern seaboard of the United States stopped selling gas at 7 P.M., with only isolated instances of refusal to comply.

60 years ago
1951


On the radio The Lives of Harry Lime, starring Orson Welles, on BBC
Tonight's episode: Too Many Crooks

This was the first episode of the series.

On television tonight
Tales of Tomorrow, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Verdict from Space, starring Lon McCallister, Martin Brandt, and William Lally

This was the first episode of the series.



Died on this date
Clarence Everett Field, 81
. U.S. physician. Dr. Field was a pioneer in the use of radium for cancer treatment and was head of the New York Radium Institute.

War
United Nations forces took a strategic mountain near Kumsong on the east-central Korean front.

Diplomacy
The U.S.A. and Greece concluded a treaty of friendship, commerce, and navigation, their first since 1921.

Politics and government
The French National Assembly rejected former Finance Minister Maurice Petsche as Prime Minister of a new cabinet based on the June 17 election results.

A U.S. Senate Elections subcommittee unanimously approved a report denouncing "despicable" tactics used by Senator John Marshall Butler (Republican--Maryland) to defeat former Sen. Millard Tydings (Democrat) in the 1950 election, but found no evidence to justify unseating Mr. Butler. Mr. Butler had received support in his campaign from Sen. Joseph McCarthy (Republican--Wisconsin), and had distributed a pamphlet featuring a faked photograph showing Sen. Tydings with former Communist Party U.S.A. leader Earl Browder.

Scandal
U.S. Army Secretary Frank Pace announced the dismissal of 90 U.S. Military Academy cadets, many of them football players, for cheating on exams.

Economics and finance
The Colombian government lifted restrictions on profits earned from foreign capital investments in the country.

Labour
The Argentine government broke a wildcat strike of anti-Peronist railroad workers by threatening them with military trials.

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Well I Ask You--Eden Kane

Died on this date
Tom Downey, 77
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Downey was an infielder with the Cincinnati Reds (1909-1911); Philadelphia Phillies (1912); Chicago Cubs (1912); and Buffalo Blues (1914-1915), batting .240 with 7 home runs and 188 runs batted in in 651 games. He played 10 seasons in the minor leagues (1902-1919).

Politics and government
A new federal party was created in Canada, as the socialist New Democratic Party came into being, replacing the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation at its convention at Ottawa Coliseum. Saskatchewan Premier Tommy Douglas was elected the NDP's first leader on the first ballot, defeating CCF leader Hazen Argue 1,391-380. It was expected (and proved to be the case) that Woodrow Lloyd would succeed Mr. Douglas as Premier of Saskatchewan.

Baseball
Roberto Clemente batted 5 for 6 with 2 doubles, 4 runs, and 2 runs batted in, while Smoky Burgess was 2 for 4 with 2 home runs, 2 bases on balls, 3 runs, and 6 RBIs, as the Pittsburgh Pirates scored all their runs in the first 6 innings of a 19-0 rout of the St. Louis Cardinals before 11,514 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Harvey Haddix (7-5) pitched a 4-hit shutout, while Al Cicotte (2-4) took the loss.

John Roseboro led off the 9th inning with a home run to tie the score and reached first base on an error by Joey Amalfitano with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 10th, allowing Larry Sherry to score the winning run as the Los Angeles Dodgers edged the San Francisco Giants 4-3 before 33,505 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Mr. Sherry (3-2) allowed 1 hit in 3 scoreless innings of relief, and drew a base on balls to lead off the 10th.

Rocky Colavito led off the bottom of the 4th inning with his 30th home run of the season to break a 1-1 tie as the Detroit Tigers edged the Washington Senators 2-1 before 8,991 fans at Tiger Stadium. Jim Bunning (12-8) pitched a 4-hitter to outduel Bennie Daniels (6-6).

The Boston Red Sox broke a 0-0 tie with 4 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning as they shut out the Los Angeles Angels 4-0 before 12,057 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Don Schwall (12-2) pitched a 4-hitter to outduel Ken McBride (9-7).

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (9th week at #1)

Politics and government
The Dominion Bureau of Statistics officially changed its name to Statistics Canada. I don't know what it was like under the old name, but under its present name it's the most overrated such agency in the world, full of dishonest, butt-covering incompetents.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (1-2) 16 @ Montreal (1-0) 29

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Medley--Stars on 45 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Shiroi Parasol--Seiko Matsuda

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ay, Amor--Víctor Manuel (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (4th week at #1)

Music
This blogger and his brother were in attendance at the Northern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium in Edmonton to see Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons in the second-last concert of a lengthy tour. It was a good show, featuring old and new Four Seasons' songs as well as songs from Mr. Valli's solo career. The price of a single ticket was $12.50.

Politics and government
Senegalese opposition parties, under the leadership of Mamadou Dia, launched the Antiimperialist Action Front – Suxxali Reew Mi.

Labour
U.S. air traffic controllers went on strike, despite a warning from President Ronald Reagan that they would be fired.

Baseball
Because the major league strike was still on, the annual Hall of Fame Game, scheduled to be played at Doubleday Field in Cooperstown, New York this year between the Cincinnati Reds and Oakland Athletics, was cancelled, and replaced by a game between the Oneonta Yankees and Elmira Pioneer Red Sox of the Class A New York-Pennsylvania League. The Yankees came back from a 6-2 deficit to win 8-6, with the teams combining to hit 6 home runs.

25 years ago
1986


Baseball
Willie McCovey, Bobby Doerr, and Ernie Lombardi were inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Rapput (Senza Fiato)--Claudio Bisio; Rocco Tanica (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): La Zoubida--Lagaf' (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears (3rd week at #1)
2 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
3 Burbujas de Amor--Juan Luis Guerra y 4;40
4 More than Words--Extreme
5 Now that We Found Love--Heavy D and the Boyz
6 You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses
7 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
8 La Cumbia--Sailor
9 Send Me an Angel--Scorpions
10 Mooi Man--Mannenkoor Karrespoor

Singles entering the chart were Always There by Incognito featuring Jocelyn Brown (#28); The Beginning by Seal (#30); Tu Solo Tu by Gerard Joling (#31); Bitter Tears by INXS (#34); Words by Nadieh (#37); and From a Distance by Bette Midler (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)
2 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
3 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
4 Summertime--D.J. Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince
5 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
6 It Ain't Over 'til it's Over--Lenny Kravitz
7 Unbelievable--EMF
8 Temptation--Corina
9 Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave)--Roxette
10 I'll Be There--The Escape Club

Singles entering the chart were The Truth by Tami Show (#72); Hole Hearted by Extreme (#75); The One and Only by Chesney Hawkes (#79); Turn it Up by Oaktown's 3.5.7 (#82); That's the Way Love Goes by Young M.C. (#87); Get Serious by Cut 'N' Move (#90); Just Want to Hold You by Jasmine Guy (#91); and Don't Want to be a Fool by Luther Vandross (#92).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
2 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
3 P.A.S.S.I.O.N.--Rythm Syndicate
4 Every Heartbeat--Amy Grant
5 Unbelievable—EMF
6 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
7 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
8 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul
9 Temptation--Corina
10 It Ain't Over 'til it's Over--Lenny Kravitz

Singles entering the chart were There She Goes by the La's (#64); Got a Love for You by Jomanda (#75); The Truth by Tami Show (#81); Silver Thunderbird by Marc Cohn (#84); Don't Want to Be a Fool by Luther Vandross (#87); Power Windows by Billy Falcon (#88); Hey Stoopid by Alice Cooper (#89); and Latin Active by Lighter Shade of Brown (#90).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams
2 Rush Rush—Paula Abdul
3 Fading Like a Flower--Roxette
4 It Ain't Over 'til it's Over--Lenny Kravitz
5 More than Words—Extreme
6 Superman's Song--Crash Test Dummies
7 Something to Talk About--Bonnie Raitt
8 A Better Love--Londonbeat
9 The Rhythm of Your Love--Glass Tiger
10 Crazy--Seal

Singles entering the chart were It Hit Me Like a Hammer by Huey Lewis and the News (#40); I am Here by the Grapes of Wrath (#61); Higher than Hope by Daryl Braithwaite (#78); Too Many Walls by Cathy Dennis (#86); Hard to Handle by the Black Crowes (#87); Things that Make You Go Hmmm... by C + C Music Factory (#89); Love You 'Til it Hurts by Chrissy Steele (#90); D for Democracy by Spirit of the West (#95); Temptation by Corina (#97); and Smokestack Lightning by Lynyrd Skynyrd 1991.

10 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Christopher Hewett, 80
. U.K. actor and director. Mr. Hewett acted in and directed plays on Broadway in New York and the West End in London, but was best known for playing the title character in the television comedy series Mr. Belvedere (1985-1990). He died from complications of diabetes.

Terrorism
Seven people were injured when a car bomb containing 45 kilograms of explosives was detonated in west London.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-3) 14 @ Winnipeg (3-2) 32
Toronto (2-3) 36 @ Calgary (1-4) 35



Baseball
The Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Baltimore Orioles 10-1 before 20,115 fans at SkyDome in Toronto in a game that saw an invasion of aphids in the 3rd inning. Home plate umpire Tim Welke asked that the SkyDome roof be closed. Toronto third baseman Felipe Lopez batted 2 for 5 with a double, run, and run batted in, making 4 assists in his first major league game. Kris Foster, the third of four Baltimore pitchers, pitched a scoreless 7th inning, allowing 1 hit, striking out 1 batter and walking none in his major league debut.

Jason Giambi led off the 9th inning with a home run to break a 1-1 tie as the Oakland Athletics edged the Detroit Tigers 2-1 before 30,071 fans at Comerica Park in Detroit. Tim Hudson (13-6) pitched a 9-hitter to outduel Jeff Weaver (10-10), who allowed just 4 hits.

Mark Buehrle (9-6) pitched a 1-hitter, and Paul Konerko and Jose Canseco each hit 2-run home runs for the Chicago White Sox as they shut out the Tampa Bay Devil Rays 4-0 before 19,330 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Damian Rolls' single leading off the 7th inning was the only hit off Mr. Buehrle, who had a perfect game through 5 innings.

David Ortiz doubled home Greg Mientkiewicz from first base with 1 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to tie the score and Jacque Jones doubled home pinch runner Chad Allen from second base with 2 out to give the Minnesota Twins an 8-7 win over the Kansas City Royals before 21,006 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.

Randy Johnson (14-5) and Troy Brohawn combined to pitch a 2-hitter for the Arizona Diamondbacks as they shut out the New York Mets 7-0 before 43,806 fans at Bank One Ballpark in Phoenix.

The Colorado Rockies allowed 4 runs in the top of the 1st inning, but came back with 6 in the bottom of the 1st and 4 in the 2nd as they beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 12-7 before 38,836 fans at Coors Field in Denver. Colorado starting pitcher Mike Hampton (11-8) allowed 9 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 7 innings, while Pittsburgh starter Jimmy Anderson (6-11) allowed 11 hits and 11 runs--all earned--in just 2.1 innings. Kimera Bartee played the last 3 innings in left field for Colorado, with no plate appearances or fielding chances in the 243rd and last game of his 6-year major league career.

Pinch hitter Angel Echevarria led off the bottom of the 11th inning with a double, and pinch runner Lou Collier advanced to third base on a sacrifice bunt and scored on a wild pitch to give the Milwaukee Brewers a 3-2 win over the Atlanta Braves before 42,259 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee.

Barry Bonds was hit by a pitch with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and Andres Galarraga hit a home run with 2 out to give the San Francisco Giants a 4-2 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 41,679 fans at Pacific Bell Park in San Francisco.

Saturday, 23 July 2011

August 2, 2011

140 years ago
1871


Born on this date
John French Sloan
. U.S. artist. Mr. Sloan was a painter and illustrator who was one of the founders of the Ashcan School, painting scenes of everyday life in New York City. He later specialized in nudes and portraits. Mr. Sloan died of cancer on September 7, 1951 at the age of 80.

120 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Arthur Bliss
. U.K. composer. Sir Arthur composed various choral and orchestral works. He became music director of the British Broadcasting Corporation in the 1940s, and served as Master of the Queen's Music from 1953 until his death on March 27, 1975 at the age of 83.

110 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Charlie Caldwell
. U.S. baseball pitcher and baseball, basketball, and football coach. Mr. Caldwell played with the New York Yankees (1925), posting a 0-0 record with an earned run average of 16.88 in 3 games. He coached baseball at Williams College (1931-1944) and Princeton University (1945-1946), compiling a record of 118-96. Mr. Caldwell coached basketball at Williams College (1929-39), compiling a record of 78-66. He played back at center at Princeton (1922-1924)--helping the Tigers win the national championship in his first season--and was an assistant at Princeton (1925-1927) before serving as head coach at Williams (1928-1944) and Princeton (1945-1956), compiling a record of 145-67-9. He led the Tigers to consecutive 9-0 records in 1950 and 1951 and an 8-1 record in 1952. Mr. Caldwell died on November 7, 1957 at the age of 56, and was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1961.

Baseball
Cy Young (20-5) pitched a 7-hit shutout for the Boston Americans as they routed the Philadelphia Athletics 16-0 before 2,700 fans at Columbia Park in Philadelphia. The Americans amassed 22 hits against losing pitcher Bill Bernhard (6-6), who pitched a complete game, with only 6 of the 16 runs against him being earned, as the Athletics made 8 errors. Bob McKinney, who entered the game for Philadelphia as a substitute for third baseman Lave Cross, batted 0 for 1 and made an error on his only fielding chance in his second and last major league game.

100 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Ann Dvorak
. U.S. actress. Miss Dvorak, born Anna McKim, began her career as a child in actress in silent films, and was popular in the 1930s in movies such as Scarface (1932); Three on a Match (1932); and G Men (1935). She died of stomach cancer on December 10, 1979 at the age of 68.

90 years ago
1921


Scandal
The trial of the Black Sox, the Chicago White Sox players accused of conspiring to fix the outcome of the 1919 World Series in favour of the Cincinnati Reds, ended with all the accused being acquitted. That night, the accused and the jurors celebrated together in an Italian restaurant.

75 years ago
1936


Baseball
The Chicago White Sox swept a doubleheader from the Boston Red Sox 9-1 and 12-11 in 12 innings before 28,000 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The Red Sox led the second game 10-1 after 4½ innings.

The Cleveland Indians and New York Yankees played to a 4-4 tie in a game called because of darkness after 16 innings. 65,342 attended the Indians' first home game at Municipal Stadium in three years. New York first baseman Lou Gehrig had 3 hits in 6 at bats before Jack Saltzgaver substituted for him in the 14th inning.

The St. Louis Cardinals swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 13-4 and 11-8 before 25,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Herb Harris pitched the 9th inning of the first game for the Phillies, allowing 6 hits, 2 bases on balls, and 5 runs--all earned--in his fourth and last major league game.

70 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daddy--Swing and Sway with Sammy Kaye (vocal refrain by the Kaye Choir) (5th week at #1)

War
The U.S.S.R. reported fighting in the Byelaya Tserkov sector of Ukraine for the first time, indicating that the Germans had broken through the Stalin line south of Kiev. Philippine President Manuel Quezon ordered up 10 Philippine infantry reserve regiments totalling 15,000 men to be inducted into the U.S. Army on September 1.

Peru announced that sporadic fighting had occurred at two points on the Peruvian-Ecuadorian border during the day despite the truce that had begun two days earlier.

Diplomacy
U.S. acting Secretary of State Sumner Welles issued a formal statement denouncing the Vichy government for signing an agreement with Japan for the "joint defense" of Indochina. In a note to U.S.S.R. Ambassador to the U.S.A. Konstantin Umansky, Mr. Welles pledged economic assistance to the Soviet Union in the interest of U.S. national defense.

The Peruvian government informed the German legation that German diplomatic pouches would be subject to customs registry, because German officials had used them for carrying non-official correspondence.

World events
The Norwegian government announced that Reich Commissioner Josef Terboven had been given authority to declare a state of emergency in order to preserve peace in Norway.

Defense
A Gallup Poll reported that 51% of Americans recently questioned favoured a U.S. check on Japanese expansion even at the risk of war.

Economics and finance
U.S. Lend-Lease Administrator Edward Stettinius placed copper under 100% priority control.

Labour
American Federation of Labor construction employees at two government munitions plants at Weldon Springs, Missouri failed to report for work in a dispute over overtime pay.

60 years ago
1951


War
North Korean radio rejected U.S. demands for a truce along the present front, charging that the "American ruling class" did not want peace in Korea.

Diplomacy
A 28-nation conference on refugees ended in Geneva with an agreement protecting stateless persons from discrimination and ensuring them the same legal rights as other foreigners in countries of refuge.

Politics and government
The Council of Europe's Committee of Ministers changed the Council's structure to accommodate new supranational organizations such as the European Coal and Steel Community.

Crime
U.S. federal narcotics agents in New York arrested Prohibition-era bootlegger Irving Wexler aka Waxey Gordon and three associates on charges of violating narcotics laws.

Oil
U.S. special representative Averell Harriman's mediation efforts produced a British-Iranian agreement to continue negotiations in the dispute over Iran's decision to nationalize its oil industry. The U.S. Defense Production Administration asked 19 oil companies with overseas operations to participate in a voluntary agreement aimed at offsetting the possible loss of Iranian oil.

Labour
The U.S.A. and Mexico signed a migrant labour treaty in Mexico City that was expected to bring 300,000 Mexicans to work on U.S. harvests in 1951.

50 years ago
1961


Died on this date
Walter Morris, 81
. U.S. baseball player, manager, and executive. Mr. Morris was a shortstop with the St. Louis Cardinals (1908), batting .178 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 23 games. He played over 900 games in 12 seasons in the minor leagues (1902-1913). He managed in the minor leagues for 8 years (1908-1932), and helped to organize 13 minor leagues, serving as president of six of them (1916-1950).

Harry Gardner, 74. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Gardner played with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1911-1912), compiling a 1-1 record with an earned run average of 4.46 in 14 games, batting .214 with no home runs or RBIs. He played over 408 games in 15 seasons in the minor leagues (1908-1924), winning at least 159 and losing at least 141.

Politics and government
Leslie Frost announced his resignation as Premier of Ontario after 10 years in office.

Cyrille Adoula, a Socialist, received a near-unanimous vote of confidence from the reconvened Congolese Parliament in Leopoldville, the day after President Joseph Kasavubu had designated him as Congo's new Premier. Antoine Gizenga, leader of a rival Soviet-backed regime that he had set up in Stanleyville along with other supporters of assassinated Premier Patrice Lumumba earlier in the year, was named First Vice Premier in Mr. Adoula's cabinet.

Diplomacy
U.S. President John F. Kennedy reaffirmed United States support for membership of Nationalist China (Taiwan) in the United Nations and opposition to the admission of Communist China to the UN. The statement was contained in a joint communique issued by President Kennedy and Nationalist Chinese Vice President and Premier General Chen Cheng after two days of talks at the White House.

Football
CFL-NFL
Pre-season
St. Louis Cardinals (1-0) (NFL) 36 @ Toronto Argonauts (CFL) (2-2) 7

Former Montreal Alouettes' quarterback Sam Etcheverry played just 2 minutes and 25 seconds for the Cardinals, but produced 2 touchdowns. Veteran Nobby Wirkowski, playing quarterback for the Argonauts in place of veteran Tobin Rote, suffered a career-ending knee injury. 24,736 attended the game at CNE Stadium.

Baseball
Bob Cerv hit a ground ball to shortstop Wayne Causey with the bases loaded and 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning, but catcher Joe Pignatano dropped the ball in a collision with Roger Maris, allowing Mr. Maris to score the winning run as the New York Yankees edged the Kansas City Athletics 6-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 23,616 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Athletics had tied the game on a 2-run homer by Haywood Sullivan in the top of the 9th. Mickey Mantle hit his 40th home run of the season off former teammate Art Ditmar (2-6) in the 1st, tying him for the major league lead with Mr. Maris, as the New York Yankees won the second game 12-5. Winning pitcher Ralph Terry (7-1) allowed 9 hits and 5 earned runs in 8 innings.

Hal Naragon and Bill Tuttle each hit 2 run doubles with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning as the Minnesota Twins overcame a 1-0 deficit and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Baltimore Orioles 4-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 14,379 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Pinch hitter Dave Philley singled home Jim Busby from third base with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Orioles won the second game 4-3. The Twins had runners on first and second bases with 2 out in the 9th, but Julio Becquer grounded out to second base to end the game.

The Los Angeles Angels scored 2 runs in the top of the 8th inning to tie the score, but the Boston Red Sox scored 5 in the bottom of the 8th as they won 7-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 11,865 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Chuck Schilling hit a solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th to give the Red Sox an 8-7 win in the second game to complete the sweep.

Jim Landis hit a home run in each game for the Chicago White Sox as they split a doubleheader before 15,079 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland, losing the first game 3-2 and winning the second game 8-4.

Charlie Maxwell hit a 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 6th inning to enable the Detroit Tigers to overcome a 3-1 deficit and defeat the Washington Senators 4-3 in the first game of a doubleheader before 27,010 fans at Tiger Stadium. Bud Zipfel hit his first major league home run--a solo blast with 1 out in the top of the 11th inning--to break a 2-2 tie and the Senators added 3 more runs to win the second game 6-2.

Jim O'Toole (11-8) and Joey Jay (15-6) were the respective winning pitchers as the Cincinnati Reds swept a doubleheader from the Philadelphia Phillies 4-2 and 3-2 before 19,286 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati to move into first place in the National League, 1 game ahead of the Los Angeles Dodgers.

Frank Thomas singled home Eddie Mathews and Hank Aaron and scored on a single by Joe Torre as the Milwaukee Braves scored 3 runs in the top of the 8th inning to overcome a 2-1 deficit and defeat the Chicago Cubs 4-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 19,587 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Carlton Willey (4-5) pitched a 6-hit complete game victory over Glen Hobbie (7-12). George Altman singled home Jerry Kindall and Richie Ashburn with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning of the second game to tie the score 7-7, and that was the score when the game was called because of darkness after 11 innings, to be replayed on September 3. Billy Williams hit a solo home run to give the Cubs their 2-1 lead in the first game, and hit a pair of solo homers in the second game. Hank Aaron's grand slam with 2 out in the 7th gave the Braves a 7-4 lead in the second game.

Joe Cunningham's 3-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 7th inning enabled the St. Louis Cardinals to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-2 before 12,048 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Larry Jackson (7-8) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.

Juan Marichal (8-7) pitched a 1-hitter, striking out 11 batters and walking 2, and Felipe Alou drove in 4 runs with a pair of home runs as the San Francisco Giants shut out the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-0 before 45,249 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. Tommy Davis's single leading off the 5th was the only Los Angeles hit. Johnny Podres (13-3) took the loss.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Watashi no Jōkamachi--Rumiko Koyanagi (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Fin de Semana--Los Diablos (2nd week at #1)

Space
Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and Jim Irwin concluded 18 hours and 37 minutes of exploration of the Moon's surface, the longest lunar exploration to date. In the first lunar landing mission to focus specifically on science and the first to use the lunar rover vehicle, the astronauts retrieved 226 pounds of lunar material. The lunar module Falcon had landed on July 30 near Hadley Rille in Mare Imbrium.





Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department announced that it would support United Nations membership for the People's Republic of China, effectively ending more than 20 years of American opposition to Communist Chinese membership in the UN.

Politics and government
Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa sent a letter to Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, expressing his government's intention not to defray the costs of the military intervention in Montreal during the FLQ terrorist crisis in 1970. The soldiers remained on Quebec soil from the middle of October 1970 until the beginning of January 1971, a few days after the arrest of the main members of the cell "Chénier."

Football
CFL
Ottawa (2-0) 28 @ Winnipeg (0-2) 22

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Stefanie Clausen, 61
. Danish diver. Miss Clausen won a gold medal in the women's 10-metre platform competition at the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp.

Kieran Doherty, 25. U.K. politician and terrorist. Mr. Doherty was a volunteer with the Belfast Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army, and was serving sentences in Maze Prison for car hijacking, and possession of firearms and explosives, when he was elected to the Teachta Dála in June 1981 as a candidate for the Anti H-Block in the riding of Cavan-Monaghan. He had begun a hunger strike on May 22, and died on the 73rd day of his strike.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (2-2) 43 @ Montreal (1-4) 23

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Papa Don't Preach--Madonna (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): The Edge of Heaven--Wham! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Holiday Rap--MC Miker G & DJ Sven

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: The Lady in Red--Chris de Burgh

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Glory of Love--Peter Cetera

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel (2nd week at #1)
2 Glory of Love--Peter Cetera
3 Invisible Touch--Genesis
4 Danger Zone--Kenny Loggins
5 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
6 Nasty--Janet Jackson
7 Love Touch--Rod Stewart
8 There’ll Be Sad Songs (To Make You Cry)-—Billy Ocean
9 Opportunities--Pet Shop Boys
10 Modern Woman--Billy Joel

Singles entering the chart were Stuck with You by Huey Lewis and the News (#39); Dreamtime by Daryl Hall (#46); Press by Paul McCartney (#66); Heaven in Your Eyes by Loverboy (#75); Ruthless People by Mick Jagger (#77); Every Little Kiss by Bruce Hornsby and the Range (#85); Private Number by the Jets (#86); All Cried Out by Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam with Full Force (#87); Ain't Nothin' Goin' on But the Rent by Gwen Guthrie (#88); Kiss the Dirt (Falling Down the Mountain) by INXS (#89); and Spirit in the Sky by Doctor and the Medics (#90).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Sledgehammer--Peter Gabriel (2nd week at #1)
2 Who's Johnny--El DeBarge
3 We Don't Have to Take Our Clothes Off--Jermaine Stewart
4 I Can't Wait--Nu Shooz
5 Papa Don't Preach--Madonna
6 Invisible Touch--Genesis
7 Love Touch--Rod Stewart
8 On My Own—-Patti LaBelle and Michael McDonald
9 No One is to Blame—Howard Jones
10 Crush on You--The Jets

Singles entering the chart were Press by Paul McCartney (#80); Dreamtime by Daryl Hall (#92); Money's Too Tight by Simply Red (#94); Me, Myself and I by Chalk Circle (#95); and When I Fall in Love Again by Zappacosta (#97).

Died on this date
Roy Cohn, 59
. U.S. lawyer. Mr. Cohn played a prominent role in the 1951 espionage trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, but was best known as an aide to U.S. Senator Joe McCarthy (Republican--Wisconsin) in his investigations into Communist infiltration into the United States government. Mr. Cohn was a sodomite who died of AIDS.

20 years ago
1991


Football
CFL
Ottawa (0-4) 19 @ Winnipeg (2-2) 26
Calgary (4-0) 21 @ Hamilton (0-4) 11

The Rough Riders' loss to the Blue Bombers at Winnipeg Stadium was the last game for Steve Goldman as Ottawa's head coach. He had been hired in 1989, and was fired after compiling a regular season record of 11-29. His replacement was former Saskatchewan Roughriders' and Edmonton Eskimos' head coach Joe Faragalli.

Baseball
Texas Rangers' relief pitcher Mike Jeffcoat became the first American League pitcher to drive in a run in a regular season game since the introduction of the designated hitter in 1973 when he doubled in a run in the 9th inning of the Rangers' 15-1 rout of the Milwaukee Brewers before 22,323 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Mr. Jeffcoat became the first AL pitcher to have a hit in a regular season game since Ferguson Jenkins of the Rangers had gone 1 for 2 on October 2, 1974. Texas first baseman Rafael Palmeiro batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles, a home run, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in.

Tim Teufel hit a grand slam and Darrin Jackson had 2 singles, a double, and a homer to help the San Diego Padres rout the Atlanta Braves 13-3 before 34,466 fans at Atlanta-Fulton County Stadium.

Dickie Thon led off the top of the 11th inning with his second home run of the game to give the Philadelphia Phillies a 6-5 win over the Montreal Expos before 18,638 fans at Olympic Stadium. Montreal shortstop Bret Barberie batted 3 for 4 with 2 solo homers.

Ryne Sandberg hit a 2-run home run with none out in the top of the 10th inning to give the Chicago Cubs a 4-2 win over the New York Mets before 35,361 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

The St. Louis Cardinals scored 2 runs in the 7th inning and 2 in the 9th as they overcame a 3-0 deficit to edge the Pittsburgh Pirates 4-3 before 36,228 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

The Houston Astros blew a 7-0 lead, allowed 8 straight runs--including 2 in the top of the 9th inning-and then rallied for 2 in the bottom of the 9th to defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 9-8 before 26,079 fans at the Astrodome.

10 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Ronald Townson, 68
. U.S. singer. Mr. Townson was a choir singer and director before becoming an original member of the pop group the Versatiles in 1965, who changed their name to the 5th Dimension in 1966, and had a string of hit singles from 1967-1973. Mr. Townson left the group in 1976 to attempt a solo career, but rejoined them in 1980, remaining until 1997. He died of kidney failure after a four-year battle with kidney disease.

Football
CFL
Edmonton (3-2-0-1) 24 @ Hamilton (3-2) 14

Friday, 22 July 2011

August 1, 2011

720 years ago
1291


Europeana
The Old Swiss Confederacy was formed with the signature of the Federal Charter.

440 years ago
1571


War
The Ottoman conquest of Cyprus concluded with the surrender of Famagusta.

210 years ago
1801


War
The American schooner USS Enterprise captured the Tripolitan polacca Tripoli in a single-ship action off the coast of modern-day Libya.

120 years ago
1891


Born on this date
Karl Kobelt
. President of the Swiss Confederation, 1946, 1952. Mr. Kobelt, a member of the Free Democratic Party, was a member of the Swiss Federal Council (1940-1954), and was also in charge of the Military Department during his time as President. He died on January 5, 1968 at the age of 76.

110 years ago
1901


Born on this date
Francisco Guilledo, aka Pancho Villa
. Filipino boxer. Mr. Guilledo fought under the name Pancho Villa and won the world flyweight title by knocking out Jimmy Wilde in the 7th round on June 18, 1923. He still held the title at the time of his death on July 14, 1925, 18 days before his 24th birthday, and resulted from infection after having several teeth removed. Mr. Villa compiled a professional record of 89-8-4-2. He was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1994.

100 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Jackie Ormes
. U.S. journalist and cartoonist. Mrs. Ormes, born Zelda Mavin Jackson, was a journalist with the Pittsburgh Courier and later the Chicago Defender, but was better known as the first Negro female cartoonist in the U.S.A., writing and drawing the comic strip Torchy Brown (1937-1954) and comic panel Patty-Jo 'n' Ginger (1945-1956). She died from a cerebral hemorrhage on December 26, 1985 at the age of 74.

Died on this date
Samuel Arza Davenport, 77
. U.S. politician and journalist. Mr. Davenport, a lawyer by profession, was owner and publisher of the Erie Gazette (1865-1890). A Republican, he represented Pennsylvania's at-large district in the U.S. House of Representatives (1897-1901).

Aviation
Harriet Quimby took her pilot's test and became the first American woman to earn an Aero Club of America aviator's certificate.

75 years ago
1936


On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Louis Hector and Harry West, on MBS
Tonight’s episode: The Lion's Mane

Olympics
The Summer Olympic Games opened in Berlin, with German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler in attendance.



70 years ago
1941


Economics and finance
In Prince Albert, Saskatchewan, wartime rationing forced the Prince Albert Restaurant Association to raise coffee prices from 5¢ per cup to 6¢ per cup.

60 years ago
1951


On the radio
Pete Kelly's Blues, starring Jack Webb, on NBC

Theatre
Le Théâtre du Nouveau Monde (TNM) was founded in Montreal by comedians Jean-Louis Roux, Jean Gascon , Guy Hoffmann, Georges Groulx, Robert Gadouas, and Éloi de Grandmont. The evening of the premiere, l'Avare by Molière was presented in a production by Jean Gascon.

War
In response to Communist demands for the restoration of the 38th Parallel as the demarcation line in Korea, U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson said that the United States wanted a truce line on the present front, which it considered "defensible."

World events
The Western Allies began a "little airlift" of freight cargoes from West Berlin to West Germany to thwart Communist control of land shipments of through the Soviet zone.

Diplomacy
The United Kingdom demanded in the United Nations Security Council that Egypt end its "unjustified" and "increasingly abusive" blockade of shipments to Israel through the Suez Canal.

Defense
U.S. President Harry Truman named Atlantic Fleet Commander Admiral William Fechteler to succeed the late Adm. Forrest Sherman as Chief of Naval Operations. President Truman established an independent Defense Materials Procurement Agency to supervise the stockpiling of strategic materials.

The British Supply Ministry reported that atomic weapons were now under construction in Britain, but refused to disclose whether any had been completed.

Politics and government
Uruguay's two major political groups, the Colorado and Nationalist Parties, agreed to abolish the presidential system of government in favour of a nine-man federal council based on the Swiss model.

Journalism
French Morocco lifted press censorship, which had been in place since 1939.

Health
The U.S. Senate Agriculture Committee condemned the use of chemicals to make bread softer and more attractive, urging a ban on the addition of non-nutritive ingredients to food.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Truman formally proclaimed the suspension of trade concessions to the U.S.S.R. and all Soviet bloc states in Europe and the Far East.

Boxing
Former world heavyweight champion Joe Louis (65-2) won a unanimous 10-round decision over Cesar Brion (32-6) at the Cow Palace in Daly City, California. It was the second decision Mr. Louis had won over Mr. Brion in just over eight months.



50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Hello Mary Lou/Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson (4th week at #1)

Born on this date
John Mandarich. Canadian football player. Mr. Mandarich played for the Edmonton Eskimos from 1984-1989 and the Ottawa Rough Riders in 1990. After a few games at offensive tackle, he was moved to defensive tackle, where he spent the balance of his career. Mr. Mandarich never won all-star recognition, but played in the Grey Cups of 1986 and 1987, earning a championship ring in 1987. He was nicknamed "Juice" because he was widely acknowledged to be "juiced up" while he played. Mr. Mandarich was cut by the Rough Riders after the pre-season of 1991. He soon developed cancer, and lost his battle against the disease early in 1993 at the age of 31.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Ottawa (3-1) 22 @ British Columbia (2-2) 14
Saskatchewan (0-2) 7 Calgary (1-2) 14 @ Spokane

40 years ago
1971


Died on this date
Johnny McDermott, 79
. U.S. golfer. Mr. McDermott turned professional in 1908, and the Philadelphia native became the first American-born golfer to win the U.S. Open, winning it in 1911 and 1912. He was 19 when he won in 1911, and remains the youngest to win the tournament, while his 1912 U.S. Open win marked the first time a golfer was able to break par over 72 holes in a significant event. Mr. McDermott won five more tournaments through 1913, and in 1914 attempted to play in the British Open, but was delayed by travel difficulties, and arrived too late to play. On the return voyage aboard the SS Kaiser Wilhelm II, the ship collided with an English grain carrier in fog in the English Channel and was forced to return to port. There were no fatalities and the passengers made the trip aboard another ship the next day, but the incident, combined with other concerns such as failed investments, apparently so upset Mr. McDermott that he had a mental breakdown shortly afterward, and never recovered, spending the rest of his life in and out of mental hospitals. He attended the 1971 U.S. Open near Philadelphia, six weeks before his death from heart failure, 11 days before his 80th birthday, and a day after playing nine holes at Valley Forge Golf Club.

Space
Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and Jim Irwin discovered the "Genesis Rock," thought to date from the origin of the moon.

Music
George Harrison and several other prominent musicians staged The Concert for Bangladesh, which attracted 40,000 people to two shows at Madison Square Garden in New York.



30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Enola Gay--OMD (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Only Crying--Keith Marshall (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: The Streets of New York--Wolfe Tones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Chant No. 1 (I Don't Need this Pressure On)--Spandau Ballet

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Green Door--Shakin' Stevens

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Strada del sole--Rainhard Fendrich
2 Stars on 45--Stars on 45
3 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
4 Hands Up (Give Me Your Heart)--Ottawan
5 Agadou--Saragossa Band
6 Video Life--Bilgeri
7 Consuela Biaz--Boney M.
8 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens
9 Maledetta primavera--Loretta Goggi
10 Sarà perché ti amo--Ricchi & Poveri

Singles entering the chart were Strada del sole; Maledetta primavera; Sarà perché ti amo; All Those Years Ago by George Harrison (#14); and No me hables by Juan Pardo (#17).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 One Day in Your Life--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)
2 Caribbean Disco Show--Lobo
3 Rio--Maywood
4 Going Back to My Roots--Odyssey
5 More Stars--Stars on 45
6 Chequered Love--Kim Wilde
7 Only Crying--Keith Marshall
8 You Drive Me Crazy--Shakin' Stevens
9 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio
10 How 'bout Us--Champaign

Singles entering the chart were De Nederlandse Sterre Die Strale Overal! by Rubberen Robbie (#14); Wordy Rappinghood by Tom Tom Club (#20); Hold on Tight by Electric Light Orchestra (#23); Ghost Town by the Specials (#28); There's a Guy Works Down the Chip Shop Swears He's Elvis by Kirsty MacColl (#30); Une Chambre Pour la Nuit by Pussycat (#36); and Amor de Mis Amores (Que Nadie Sepa Mis Sufrir) by Julio Iglesias (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
2 The One that You Love--Air Supply
3 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
4 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
5 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
6 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
7 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
8 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer
9 Hearts--Marty Balin
10 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton

Singles entering the chart were I Could Never Miss You (More than I Do) by Lulu (#71); A Woman in Love (It's Not Me) by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#82); Tempted by Squeeze (#83); The Sensitive Kind by Santana (#85); We Can Get Together by Icehouse (#86); and We're in this Love Together by Al Jarreau (#88).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
2 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
3 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
4 The One that You Love—Air Supply
5 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
6 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
7 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
8 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
9 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer
10 Hearts--Marty Balin

Singles entering the chart were I Could Never Miss You (More than I Do) by Lulu (#77); The Sensitive Kind by Santana (#86); Straight from the Heart by the Allman Brothers Band (#87); We're in this Love Together by Al Jarreau (#89); and Secrets by Mac Davis (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
2 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
3 The One that You Love--Air Supply
4 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
5 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
6 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
7 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
8 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
9 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer
10 Hearts--Marty Balin

Singles entering the chart were For Your Eyes Only by Sheena Easton (#69); Heavy Metal (Takin' a Ride) by Don Felder (#73); Chloe by Elton John (#76); I Could Never Miss You (More than I Do) by Lulu (#85); Straight from the Heart by the Allman Brothers Band (#86); We're in this Love Together by Al Jarreau (#87); She's a Bad Mama Jama (She's Built, She's Stacked) by Carl Carlton (#88); The Sensitive Kind by Santana (#89); You Don't Know Me by Mickey Gilley (#90); and Just Be My Lady by Larry Graham (#95).

Canada’s top 10 (RPM)
RPM didn't publish from July 11-August 22, 1981 because of a postal strike.

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Gemini Dream--The Moody Blues (3rd week at #1)
2 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer
3 A Life of Illusion--Joe Walsh
4 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
5 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
6 Arc of a Diver--Steve Winwood
7 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
8 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
9 Hearts--Marty Balin
10 The One that You Love--Air Supply

Singles entering the chart were Stop Draggin' My Heart Around by Stevie Nicks (with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers) (#22); Lady (You Bring Me Up) by the Commodores (#25); Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not) by Joey Scarbury (#26); Queen of Hearts by Juice Newton (#28); and Hold on Tight by Electric Light Orchestra (#30).

Died on this date
Paddy Chayefsky, 58
. U.S. writer. Sidney Aaron Chayefsky wrote novels and plays, but was primarily known for his work in television and cinema. He was one of the most renowned dramatists in the "Golden Age of Television" in the 1950s, with his best known work being Marty (1953). Mr. Chayefsky was nominated for four Academy Awards, winning for his screenplays for Marty (1955); The Hospital (1971); and Network (1976). He died of cancer.

Kevin Lynch, 25. U.K. criminal. Mr. Lynch was a member of the Irish National Liberation Army (INLA) in Northern Ireland who was sentenced to 10 years in Maze Prison in December 1977 for stealing shotguns, taking part in a punishment shooting, and conspiring to take arms from the security forces. Mr. Lynch was one of several prisoners taking part in a hunger strike, and died on the 71st day of his hunger strike.

Television
MTV began broadcasting in the United States at 12:01 A.M. The first video shown was Video Killed the Radio Star by the Buggles.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (3-2) 5 @ Edmonton (4-1) 41

Jim Germany became the first Eskimo to score 4 touchdowns in a game; he scored all his touchdowns on the ground as he rushed for 75 yards in the game at Commonwealth Stadium.

25 years ago
1986


Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Lessons in Love--Level 42 (4th week at #1)

At the movies
Howard the Duck, one of the biggest turkeys of the 1980s, opened in theatres. Newspaper ads for the movie said that you could phone 1-900-410-DUCK for 85c per call plus tolls to hear a message from Howard the Duck, with a new message every day.



Football
CFL
Winnipeg (3-2) 37 @ Montreal (1-4) 10
Toronto (4-2) 35 @ Edmonton (4-1) 34

Tom Clements quarterbacked the Blue Bombers to touchdowns on their first two possessions as they beat the Alouettes before 14,127 fans at Olympic Stadium.

A single from a missed field goal attempt by Lance Chomyc on the final play of the game gave the Argonauts the win over the Eskimos before 38,674 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. A dull first half saw Toronto ahead 12-6, but the Eskimos took the lead when Stephen Jones returned Mr. Chomyc's second-half kickoff 105 yards for a touchdown, converted by Tom Dixon (Edmonton play-by-play broadcaster Bryan Hall was late coming back from a commercial break at the end of halftime and missed calling the play). Chris Skinner scored 2 touchdowns for the Eskimos, while Toronto quarterback Condredge Holloway connected with rookie slotback Darrell K. Smith for 2 touchdowns. Former Eskimo Chris Woods made his only Edmonton appearance as an Argonaut an impressive one, catching 6 passes for 159 yards. The CFL Players' Association hadn't officially approved the introduction of overtime for regular season games in 1986, so it wasn't sure if the teams would have played two 5-minute overtime periods, but Hector Pothier of the Eskimos told me that they probably would have.



Baseball
Bert Blyleven pitched a 2-hitter and set a club record for a single game with 15 strikeouts to become the 15th pitcher in major league history to record 3,000 career strikeouts as the Minnesota Twins beat the Oakland Athletics 10-1 before 14,855 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis. Kirby Puckett hit for the cycle for the Twins.

The Baltimore Orioles scored 5 runs in the 6th inning as they defeated the Toronto Blue Jays 7-3 before 34,370 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto.

Don Mattingly hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the 9th inning to break a 3-3 tie and give the New York Yankees a 5-3 win and a split of their twi-night doubleheader with the Cleveland Indians before 64,934 fans at Cleveland Stadium. The Indians won the opener 4-3.

Pete O'Brien hit a home run in each game to help the Texas Rangers sweep a twi-night doubleheader over the Milwaukee Brewers 7-2 and 8-6 before 19,482 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee.

Dwight Gooden and Roger McDowell combined for a 5-hitter as the New York Mets defeated the Montreal Expos 3-1 before 47,883 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Mr. Gooden allowed 4 hits and 1 earned run in 5 innings, striking out 7, as he improved his record for the season to 11-4.

Jeff Stone hit a solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the Philadelphia Phillies a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs before 25,892 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored all their runs in the first 3 innings as they beat the Cincinnati Reds 9-5 before 46,078 fans at Dodger Stadium. Greg Brock hit a grand slam to climax a 5-run 1st inning for the Dodgers.

20 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Chris Short, 53
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Short played with the Philadelphia Phillies (1959-1972) and Milwaukee Brewers (1973), compiling a record of 135-132 with an earned run average of 3.43 in 501 games. He was at his best from 1964-1968, winning 20 games in 1966. Mr. Short suffered a ruptured brain aneurysm in November 1988, and remained in a coma until his death.

Football
CFL
Toronto (3-1) 41 @ British Columbia (3-1) 52 (OT)

Ray Ethridge's 94-yard kickoff return for a B.C. touchdown in overtime was the key play in an exciting game before a capacity crowd at B.C. Place Stadium in Vancouver.





10 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Korey Stringer, 27
. U.S. football player. Mr. Stringer played offensive tackle at Ohio State University (1992-1994), earning All-American honours in his last season. He played 93 games with the Minnesota Vikings (1995-2000), and was selected to play in the Pro Bowl in his final season. Mr. Stringer stood 6' 4" and weighed 336 pounds when he showed up to the Vikings' training camp late in July 2001, and experienced difficulty in practice, brought on by the extremely hot weather the team was practicing in. He died shortly after practice from multiple organ failure resulting from heat stroke. Mr. Stringer's death resulted in drastic changes in how professional and amateur teams deal with heat-related illness.



Crime
Scotland Yard police were investigating claims by a 13-year-old boy in London that he had been kept prisoner in his home for eight years.

July 31, 2011

270 years ago
1741


War
Charles Albert of Bavaria invaded Upper Austria and Bohemia.

120 years ago
1891


Baseball
Amos Rusie pitched a no-hitter for the New York Giants as they shut out the Brooklyn Bridegrooms 6-0 at the Polo Grounds in New York. Mr. Rusie walked 8 batters and hit 1. Adonis Terry took the loss.

100 years ago
1911


Born on this date
George Liberace
. U.S. musician. Mr. Liberace, the elder brother of pianist Lee Liberace, served on his brother's television program in the 1950s as violin accompanist and orchestral arranger; the partnership ended after the commercial and critical failure of the movie Sincerely Yours (1955). George Liberace was a restaurateur, music publisher, and television station manager in later years, and died of leukemia on October 16, 1983 at the age of 72.

80 years ago
1931


Television
The experimental station W2XAB (now (WCBS-TV), which used a mechanical broadcasting system, opened in New York. The first broadcast featured New York Mayor Jimmy Walker, singer Kate Smith, and pianist and composer George Gershwin.

75 years ago
1936


Olympics
In Berlin, a preliminary international organization was effected with the intention of making baseball an Olympic sport. Leslie Mann, manager of the U.S. team currently in Berlin to give exhibitions, and Dinty Dennis, U.S. general manager, were elected chairman and secretary, respectively. At least 10 nations were assured of participating in the group: U.S.A.; Canada; Japan; Mexico; Chile; China; France; England; Belgium; and the Netherlands. Mr. Mann said that baseball would be on the program for the 1940 Olympics in Tokyo.

70 years ago
1941


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): A Nightingale Sang in Berkeley Square--Vera Lynn; West End Players (3rd month at #1)

War
The U.S.S.R. reported that Soviet forces had driven the Germans back in the Smolensk area. Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fumimaro Konoye said that Japan must move ahead to create a "Greater East Asia co-prosperity sphere" and prepare for war.

Reports from Peru and Ecuador stated that border hostilities between the countries had ceased at 6 P.M. after Ecuador agreed to cancel a previous order for general mobilization.

Diplomacy
U.S. Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles said that the Japanese bombing of the U.S. gunboat Tutulia near the Chinese capital of Chungking was a closed incident, after the Japanese government expressed regret and offered to pay for damages.

Defense
U.S. Army Brigadier General Lewis Hershey, deputy director of U.S. Selective Service, was named director, and was immeidately confirmed by the Senate.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt created an Economic Defense Board, with Vice President Henry Wallace as Chairman, to advise him on economic defense measures and prepare for postwar economic reconstruction.

Oil
U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes recommended that 100,000 gasoline and oil filling stations on the Eastern seaboard close from 7 P.M. to 7 A.M. daily, beginning August 3, to alleviate the growing oil and gasoline shortage.

Abominations
Under instructions from German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, Nazi official Hermann Göring ordered SS General Reinhard Heydrich to "submit to me as soon as possible a general plan of the administrative material and financial measures necessary for carrying out the desired Final Solution of the Jewish question."

Politics and government
Egyptian Prime Minister Hussein Sirry Pasha formed a new cabinet, including five pro-British Saadist Party members, five Liberals, and five independents.

Religion
The Berlin news commentary Dienst aus Deutschland reported that Fuehrer Adolf Hitler had banned Christian Science in Germany.

Economics and finance
The Japanese government announced that Australian, Burmese, and Malayan assets in Japan would be frozen effective August 1, 1941.

Business
Several American importers filed suit against the Japanese liner Tatuta Maru seeking possession of goods aboard the vessel, which had docked in San Francisco the previous day.

Baseball
The St. Louis Browns and Boston Red Sox split a doubleheader before 25,000 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Browns scored 6 runs in the top of the 9th inning to win the first game 16-11, and the Red Sox won the second game, which was called after 7½ innings because of a thick mist covering the field, 4-1. Roy Cullenbine hit a grand slam in the first game for the Browns, drove in 5 runs, and scored 5, while Ted Williams hit a grand slam for the Red Sox.

Charlie Keller hit a 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 13th inning to give the New York Yankees a 6-3 win in the first game of a doubleheader before 14,795 fans at Yankee Stadium. Spud Chandler pitched a 4-hit shutout and Joe DiMaggio hit a solo homer and singled in 2 runs as the Yankkes completed the sweep with a 5-0 win in the second game, which was called after 7½ innings because of darkness.

Pinch hitter Chuck Aleno singled home Eddie Joost and Ernie Koy with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 6-5 win over the New York Giants before 1,660 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

Stu Martin had 3 singles and drove in 5 runs as the Pittsburgh Pirates edged the Boston Braves 9-8 before 1,870 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. The Pirates led 9-1 after 7 innings, but the Braves scored 5 in the 8th inning and 2 in the 9th.

60 years ago
1951


On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Vision of Death, starring Jerome Cowan and Henry Hull

War
U.S. planes completed a heavy two-day bombardment of the North Korean capital of Pyongyang.

Politics and government
Dan Abel Kimball took office as U.S. Secretary of the Navy, following Francis Matthews' appointment as U.S. Ambassador to Ireland.

Crime
A U.S. federal jury in Los Angeles indicted 12 California Communist Party leaders who had been seized five days earlier by the Federal Bureau of Investigation on conspiracy charges.

Oil
The Anglo-Iranian Oil Company shut down its Abadan refinery, idling 50,000 Iranian workers.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A. cancelled its trade concessions to Czechosolvakia under the Geneva Agreement.

U.S. President Harry Truman signed a weakened Defense Production Act, extending wage, price, rent and credit controls to mid-1952, but labelled it "the worst I ever had to sign."

50 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Estando Contigo--Dúo Dinámico

#1 single in France (IFOP): Nous les amoureux--Jean-Claude Pascal (5th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis (4th week at #1)
2 I Like it Like That (Part 1)--Chris Kenner
3 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton
4 Dum Dum--Brenda Lee
5 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon
6 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
7 Last Night--Mar-Keys
8 Together--Connie Francis
9 Let's Twist Again--Chubby Checker
10 Yellow Bird--Arthur Lyman Group

Singles entering the chart were Amor by Ben E. King (#72); It's Gonna Work Out Fine by Ike & Tina Turner (#76); Missing You by Ray Peterson (#85); Teardrops in My Heart by Joe Barry (#86); I'll Never Smile Again by the Platters (#87); A Little Bit of Soap by the Jarmels (#89); The Mountain's High by Dick and Deedee (#90); Dedicated (To the Songs I Love) by the 3 Friends (#91); Run, Run, Run by Ronny Douglas (#92); Now and Forever by Bert Kaempfert and his Orchestra (#94); Transistor Sister by Freddy Cannon (#95); When We Get Married by the Dreamlovers (#97); Don't Forget I Love You by the Butanes (#98); Summer Souvenirs by Karl Hammel, Jr. (#99); and The Bells are Ringing by the Van Dykes (#100).

Golf
Jerry Barber shot a 3-under par 67 to defeat Don January by 1 stroke in an 18-hole playoff to win the PGA Championship at Olympia Fields Country Club in Olympia Fields, Illinois. First prize money was $11,000.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Hamilton (1-2) 25 @ Montreal (0-2) 16

Baseball
Major League All-Star Game 2 @ Fenway Park, Boston
National League 1 @ American League 1 (9 innings)

The first major league All-Star Game to end in a tie took place when the NL and AL were tied after 9 innings before 31,851 fans, and the game was called because of heavy rain. Rocky Colavito of the Detroit Tigers hit a home run for the AL run with 1 out in the 1st inning.

40 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Pensieri e parole--Lucio Battisti (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Sometimes--Red Hurley

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Get it On--T. Rex (2nd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool (4th week at #1)
2 Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies
3 Mozart: Symphony No. 40 In G Minor K.550 1° Movement (Allegro Molto)--Waldo de Los Rios
4 I Don't Know How to Love Him--Helen Reddy
5 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
6 (Where Do I Begin) Love Story--Andy Williams
7 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
8 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
9 Love Her Madly--The Doors
10 Hot Love--T. Rex

Singles entering the chart were I Hear Those Church Bells Ringing by Dusk (#37); Lady Rose by Mungo Jerry (#39); Malt and Barley Blues by McGuinness Flint (#42); Banner Man by Blue Mink (#44); Double Barrel by Dave & Ansil Collins (#51); and Future of Our Nation by Masters Apprentices (#53).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Manuela--Jacques Herb (2nd week at #1)
2 Zou Het Erg Zijn Lieve Opa--Wilma met Vader Abraham
3 Rumba Tamba--Martin Wulms and his Orchestra
4 Co Co--The Sweet
5 Chicago--Graham Nash
6 Get Down and Get with It--Slade
7 Middernacht--Gebroeders Brouwer
8 Che Sará--José Feliciano
9 When You are a King--White Plains
10 Hocus Pocus--Focus

Singles entering the chart were One Way Wind by Cats (#16); Borriquito by Peret (#17); Riders on the Storm by the Doors (#22); De Clown by Ben Cramer (#26); Sweet Hitch-Hiker by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#30); Eine Kleine Nachtmusik by Waldo De Los Rios (#31); and Santa Fe by Titanic (#35).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 You've Got a Friend--James Taylor
2 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
3 It's Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move--Carole King
4 Mr. Big Stuff--Jean Knight
5 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
6 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees
7 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
8 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City
9 Sooner or Later--The Grass Roots
10 What the World Needs Now/Abraham, Martin and John--Tom Clay

Singles entering the chart were Spanish Harlem by Aretha Franklin (#69); Where Evil Grows by the Poppy Family (#77); Like an Open Door by the Fuzz (#82); Wedding Song (There is Love) by Paul Stookey (#87); Go Down Gamblin' by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#88); It's the Real Thing--Pt. I by the Electric Express (#90); It's About Time by the Dillards (#92); Love Me by the Impressions (#95); Do You Know What I Mean by Lee Michaels (#97); You've Got to Earn It by the Staple Singers (#99); and Good Enough to Be Your Wife by Jeannie C. Riley (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
2 Mr. Big Stuff--Jean Knight
3 You've Got a Friend--James Taylor
4 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
5 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
6 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees
7 Bring the Boys Home--Freda Payne
8 Here Comes that Rainy Day Feeling Again--The Fortunes
9 I Don't Want to Do Wrong--Gladys Knight & the Pips
10 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City

Singles entering the chart were Spanish Harlem by Aretha Franklin (#54); Slipped, Tripped and Fell in Love by Clarence Carter (#65); Go Down Gamblin' by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#67); Stick-Up by the Honey Cone (#80); Sweet City Woman by the Stampeders (#83); Tired of Being Alone by Al Green (#84); K-Jee by the Nite-Liters (#87); Wedding Song (There is Love) by Paul Stookey (#88); Where Evil Grows by the Poppy Family (#89); Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep by Mac and Katie Kissoon (#96); I Likes to Do It by People's Choice (#99); and We've Got a Dream by Ocean (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders (3rd week at #1)
2 Mr. Big Stuff--Jean Knight
3 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
4 You've Got a Friend--James Taylor
5 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
6 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees
7 Bring the Boys Home--Freda Payne
8 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City
9 I Don't Want to Do Wrong--Gladys Knight & the Pips
10 Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)--Marvin Gaye

Singles entering the chart were Spanish Harlem by Aretha Franklin (#58); Where You Lead by Barbra Streisand (#66); Stick-Up by the Honey Cone (#73); Come Back Home by Bobby Goldsboro (#86); I Likes to Do It by People's Choice (#89); Tired of Being Alone by Al Green (#90); Fox Huntin' by Daddy Dewdrop (#94); Good Enough to Be Your Wife by Jeannie C. Riley (#96); K-Jee by the Nite-Liters (#97); Hymn 43 by Jethro Tull (#98); and I Love the Way You Love by Betty Wright (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
2 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
3 Sweet City Woman--Stampeders
4 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
5 You've Got a Friend--James Taylor
6 Where Evil Grows--The Poppy Family
7 It’s Too Late—Carole King
8 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
9 How Can You Mend a Broken Heart--The Bee Gees
10 Mr. Big Stuff--Jean Knight

Singles entering the chart were Smiling Faces Sometimes by the Undisputed Truth (#58); Reason to Believe by Rod Stewart (#70); Go Down Gamblin' by Blood, Sweat & Tears (#71); Candy Apple Red by R. Dean Taylor (#75); Don't Let Your Pride Get You Girl by Joey Gregorash (#76); Mare Take Me Home by Matthews' Southern Comfort (#95); Poor Little Pearl by Billy Joe Royal (#96); You've Got a Friend by Roberta Flack and Donny Hathaway (#97); Whatcha See is Whatcha Get by the Dramatics (#98); I Just Want to Celebrate by Rare Earth (#99); and Where You Lead by Barbra Streisand (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Never Ending Song of Love--Delaney & Bonnie & Friends (2nd week at #1)
2 Draggin' the Line--Tommy James
3 It's Too Late--Carole King
4 You've Got a Friend--James Taylor
5 Moon Shadow--Cat Stevens
6 Sweet City Woman--Stampeders
7 Mighty Clouds of Joy--B.J. Thomas
8 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
9 Take Me Home, Country Roads--John Denver with Fat City
10 Talking in Your Sleep--Gordon Lightfoot
Pick hit of the week: Liar--Three Dog Night

Space
Apollo 15 astronauts David Scott and Jim Irwin became the first to deploy the lunar rover.

Baseball
Pat Dobson (15-4) pitched a 5-hitter for his twelfth straight win, and eighth in July, leading the Baltimore Orioles over the Kansas City Royals 4-0 before 13,222 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Brooks Robinson doubled home Frank Robinson and Merv Rettenmund to climax a 3-run 1st inning, and scored the final run in the 4th on a single by Mr. Dobson.

Rick Monday batted in 3 runs with a pair of home runs, Sal Bando batted 4 for 5 with 2 doubles, a run, and 3 runs batted in, and Gene Tenace was 3 for 4 with a home run, double and 3 RBIs for the Oakland Athletics as they routed the Cleveland Indians 9-1 before 15,341 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. Chuck Dobson (10-1) pitched a 5-hit complete game victory.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 12th inning, Syd O'Brien singled and scored ona double by Gerry Moses to break a 2-2 tie as the California Angels edged the Detroit Tigers 3-2 before 13,853 fans at Tiger Stadium. The Tigers had runners on first and third bases with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th, but Tony Taylor's bunt was fielded by California first baseman Jim Spencer, who retired Mr. Taylor and threw to third baseman Ken McMullen, who tagged out Ike Brown at home plate, ending the game. Willie Horton accounted for the Detroit scoring with home runs in the 2nd and 3rd innings, with his second homer being inside the park. Clyde Wright (10-10) allowed 6 hits in 11.2 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Mickey Lolich (16-8), who allowed 9 hits and struck out 14 batters, walking none in a complete game.

Jim Lonborg (6-4) pitched a 3-hitter and singled and scored the final run in a 4-run 5th inning for the Boston Red Sox as they shut out the Chicago White Sox 6-0 before 9,618 fans at White Sox Park. Mr. Lonborg's single followed a 3-run home run by Duane Josephson, who doubled home the game's final run in the 8th.

Pinch hitter Bobby Pfeil drew a bases-loaded base on balls with 2 out in the bottom of the 16th inning to score pinch runner Terry Harmon, giving the Philadelphia Phillies a 5-4 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 19,269 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Harmon was running for Deron Johnson, who led off the inning with a single. Winning pitcher Darrell Brandon (5-4) allowed 2 hits in 5 scoreless innings of relief, while losing pitcher Moe Drabowsky (5-1) allowed just 1 hit in 5.2 innings, but walked 3 batters.

Dave Kingman, playing his second major league game, made his first hit--a double as a pinch hitter in the 4th inning to drive in a run, and hit his first home run--a grand slam in a 7-run 7th inning--to help the San Francisco Giants outslug the Pittsburgh Pirates 15-11 before 18,834 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Willie Stargell drove in 5 runs for the Pirates with his 35th and 36th homers of the season. Frank Duffy singled and scored as a pinch hitter for the Giants in the 7th, and struck out to end the inning. Jim Barr, the second of four San Francisco pitchers, allowed 5 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 2.1 innings, striking out 4 batters and walking none, and making a sacrifice bunt in his only plate appearance in his major league debut.

Steve Garvey doubled home Manny Mota and Dick Allen to climax a 4-run 8th inning for the Los Angeles Dodgers as they defeated the Cincinnati Reds 4-1 before 26,087 fans at Dodger Stadium. Al Downing (13-6) allowed 3 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings to outduel Don Gullett (11-4), who took a 1-0 lead into the 8th.

30 years ago
1981


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (2nd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (3rd week at #1)
2 Kids in America--Kim Wilde
3 More and More--Joe Dolan
4 Stand and Deliver--Adam & the Ants
5 Hands Up (Give Me Your Heart)--Ottawan
6 Nightmare--Peach
7 When I'm Gone--Albert Hammond
8 Do You Feel My Love--Eddy Grant
9 Louise (We Get it Right)--Jona Lewie
10 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins

Singles entering the chart were Chequered Love by Kim Wilde (#11); and For Your Eyes Only by Sheena Easton (#14).

Died on this date
Omar Torrijos Herrera, 52
. Maximum Leader of Panama, 1968-1981. General Torrijos, a "progressive" but anti-Communist dictator, took power in a military coup in 1968. He negotiated the treaty with U.S. President Jimmy Carter in 1977 that gave Panama full control of the Panama Canal Zone on December 31, 1999. Gen. Torrijos was killed in a plane crash near Penonome, generating speculation that he had been assassinated.

Labour
50 days into the major league baseball players' strike, owners and players came to an agreement that featured a complicated pooling system for free agents.

Football
CFL
British Columbia (4-0) 52 @ Calgary (2-2) 29

Larry Key scored 4 touchdowns for the Lions, and the Lions scored 4 touchdowns in the 4th quarter at McMahon Stadium.

25 years ago
1986


Football
CFL
British Columbia (5-1) 18 @ Calgary (2-4) 17

Lui Passaglia's field goal provided the winning margin for the Lions. Running back Freddie Sims, upset at being cut from the Lions prior to the start of the regular season after starring for them in their 1985 Grey Cup win, had predicted a good performance as he played his first game as a Stampeder, but his former team held him to 2 yards rushing on 5 carries.

20 years ago
1991


Defense
U.S. President George Bush and U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev signed START (STrategic Arms Reduction Treaty) in Moscow, agreeing to reduce their stockpiles of nuclear warheads by about one-third.

Football
CFL
Saskatchewan (1-3) 24 @ Edmonton (3-1) 54

Tracy Ham completed 20 of 30 passes for 288 yards and 4 touchdowns--2 to David Williams--as the Eskimos beat the Roughriders before 28,138 fans at Commonwealth Stadium.



10 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Francisco da Costa Gomes, 87
. 15th President of Portugal, 1974-1976. General Costa Gomes was one of several military leaders who made up the National Salvation Junta after the Carnation Revolution in 1974, and was named to the presidency by the junta, replacing António de Spínola, who had resigned. Mr. Costa Gomes was made a Field Marshal in 1982.