Friday, 30 November 2018

November 30, 2018

400 years ago
1618


Space
The first recorded sighting of a comet by Europeans in Canada took place, in the Jesuit Relations of New France. Known as the "Angry Star” because of its reddish colour and very long, menacing tail, the Great Comet of 1618 was visible for seven weeks.

125 years ago
1893


Communications
The Canadian Pacific Railway telegraph line was completed into Nelson, British Columbia.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Efrem Zimbalist, Jr.
U.S. actor. Mr. Zimbalist, the son of concert violinist Efrem Zimbalist, Sr. and operatic soprano Alma Gluck, was best known for his co-starring roles in the television series 77 Sunset Strip (1958-1964) and The F.B.I. (1965-1974). He appeared in movies such as By Love Possessed (1961); The Chapman Report (1962); and Wait Until Dark(1967). In his later years, Mr. Zimbalist was a voice actor in animated television series and video games. He died of natural causes at the age of 95 on May 2, 2014.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Algiviad Bebi
. Albanian criminal. Mr. Bebi was a student who, in October 1927, murdered Zena Bey, the Albanian Minister to Czechoslovakia and brother-in-law of King Zog. Mr. Bebi was shot dead in the courtroom where he was standing trial; his killer was a servant to Gana Bey, brother of Zena Bey, and also a relative of King Zog.

Politics and government
Emilio Portes Gil, former Interior Minister and former Governor of Tamaulipas, was sworn in as provisional President of Mexico, chosen by the Chamber of Deputies to serve until February 1930, following the presidential election of 1929.

Crime
While U.S. customs officials in Detroit were arresting 11 border patrol inspectors on charges of accepting bribes and conspiracy to aid in the smuggling of liquor into the United States from Canada, provincial authorities in Ontario on the opposite side of the Detroit River were issuing orders to close 30 liquor export docks in border cities.

In Savannah, Georgia, Rev. W.F. Larowe was sentenced to three months in jail after being convicted of criminal libel in connection with the circulation of a false oath of the Knights of Columbus. His sentence was probated after a recommendation of the jury for extreme mercy.

Boxing
Jim Braddock (33-4-6) knocked down Tuffy Griffiths (45-5-4) 4 times in the 2nd round and scored a technical knockout of Mr. Griffiths in the 2nd round of a light heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York. Pete Latzo was to have fought Mr. Griffiths, but he suffered a broken jaw and lost by technical knockout to Mr. Braddock on October 17, so Mr. Braddock took his place.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Why Don't You Fall in Love with Me--Dinah Shore (1st month at #1)

War
U.K. units in Italy gave ground on the west bank of the Sangro River in the face of German counterattacks. U.S.S.R. forces abandoned the Korosten rail junction, 90 miles northwest of Kiev. U.S. naval forces shelled Gasmata, New Britain, and Madang in the first attacks of this type against these Japanese bases.

Defense
U.S. Navy Secretary Frank Knox announced that Lieutenant General Alexander Vandergrift would become Marine Corps Commandant on January 1, 1944, succeeding Lt. Gen. Thomas Holcomb, who had passed the mandatory retirement age of 64.

Politics and government
Chester Carrier, a Republican, was elected in Kentucky's 4th District of the U.S. House of Representatives to fill the vacancy caused by the death on October 13, 1943 of Rep. E.W. Creel (Democrat).

Labour
U.S. Fair Employment Practices Commission Chairman Malcolm Ross notified 20 railroads and 7 unions that they must cease discrimination "on grounds of race, creed or color," and directed 10 railroads operating in southeastern states to cancel an agreement with unions which limited employment of Negroes.

Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers of America President R.J. Thomas was acquitted by a jury in Houston of violating the Texas state law forbidding a solicitation of union membership without a license. He was acquitted on the technical grounds that the complaint was improperly drawn.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): I'm Looking Over a Four Leaf Clover--George Trevare and his Southern Cross Seven; Art Mooney and his Orchestra (1st month at #1)

Radio
Hooperatings listed the most popular programs in the United States as Walter Winchell; The Jack Benny Program; and Radio Theater.

War
Israeli Colonel Moshe Dayan and Transjordanian Arab Legion Colonel Abdullah el Tell signed a cease-fire agreement in Jerusalem.

Defense
The U.S. Army halved its draft quotas for early 1949 in order to keep under the $15-billion defense budget ceiling set by President Harry Truman.

Aviation
Curtiss-Wright Corporation demonstrated a new reversible propeller that enabled a four-engine plane to make a rapid, direct ascent and descent.

Business
The U.S. Justice Department filed an anti-trust complaint in Cleveland, charging Republic Steel Corporation and 19 other culvert pipe manufacturers with monopolizing the corrugated sheet metal industry.

Labour
The Japanese Diet passed a measure barring strikes and collective bargaining by government employees.

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board ordered Goodyear Rubber Footwear Corporation to pay back wages to 50 employees for a nine-month layoff intended to "discourage union activity."

Football
NCAA
Southern Methodist University halfback Doak Walker was named the winner of the Heisman Trophy as the most outstanding college football player in the United States for 1948. He rushed 108 times for 532 yards and 8 touchdowns; caught 15 passes for 279 yards and 3 touchdowns; completed 26 of 46 passes for 304 yards and 6 touchdowns; made 3 interceptions; punted for a 42.1-yard average; and scored 88 points, including converts and field goals.

Baseball
The Negro National League was dissolved in Chicago, leaving the 10-team Negro American League as the only remaining Negro league.

60 years ago
1958


Politics and government
The second round of French legislative elections resulted in resulted in an overwhelming win for Gaullist candidates. Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle's Union for the New Republic (UNR) led with 189 seats in the National Assembly, a gain of 173 from before the election.

The right-wing National Party gained enough seats in the Uruguayan general election to oust the Colorado Party from power for the first time in 93 years. The National Party gained 3 seats in the National Council of Government to give them 6 of 9 seats; gained 16 seats in the Chamber of Deputies to give them 51 of 99 seats; and gained 6 seats in the Senate to give them 17 of 31 seats. The Colorado Party lost 3 seats in the NCG; 13 seats in the Chamber of Deputies; and 5 seats in the Senate. A constitutional referendum was included in the election, with two proposals for a presidential system of government; both were rejected.

Football
NFL
San Francisco (4-6) 27 @ Baltimore (9-1) 35

Led by quarterback Johnny Unitas, the Colts scored 4 converted touchdowns in the 2nd half to come back from a 27-7 halftime deficit to defeat the 49ers at Memorial Stadium, clinching the Western Conference title for the first time in their history.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Little Arrows--Leapy Lee (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Hey Jude--The Beatles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Applausi--I Camaleonti (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Eloise--Barry Ryan

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Lea--The Cats (2nd week at #1)
2 Just a Little Bit of Peace in My Heart--Golden Earrings
3 Eloise--Barry Ryan
4 White Room--Cream
5 My Little Lady--The Tremeloes
6 Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje
7 With a Little Help from My Friends--Joe Cocker
8 Red Red Wine--Peter Tetteroo
9 Listen to Me/Do the Best You Can--The Hollies
10 Ik Ben Met Jou niet Getrouwd--Tony Bass

Singles entering the chart were Eloise; Goodbye My Love/I Can't Go on Loving You by the Buffoons (#26); Een Pikketanussie by Johnny Jordaan (#34); Love Child by Diana Ross and the Supremes (#36); Chewy Chewy by Ohio Express (#38); and Jerushala'im Shel Zahav by Rika Zarai (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes (2nd week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
3 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
4 Hey Jude--The Beatles
5 White Room--Cream
6 Who's Making Love--Johnnie Taylor
7 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
8 For Once in My Life--Stevie Wonder
9 Chewy Chewy--Ohio Express
10 Bang-Shang-A-Lang--The Archies

Singles entering the chart were A Ray of Hope by the Rascals (#51); Going Up the Country by Canned Heat (#52); Papa's Got a Brand New Bag by Otis Redding (#60); Bella Linda by the Grass Roots (#66); Crosstown Traffic by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#74); The Girl Most Likely by Jeannie C. Riley (#77); Nightmare by the Crazy World of Arthur Brown (#78); This is My Country by the Impressions (#80); If I Can Dream by Elvis Presley (#81); They Don't Make Love Like They Used To by Eddy Arnold (#84); Bluebirds Over the Mountain by the Beach Boys (#85); Vance by Roger Miller (#86); Keep on Dancing by Alvin Cash (#89); I Walk Alone by Marty Robbins (#97); Rainbow Ride by Andy Kim (#98); Sea Shell by the Strawberry Alarm Clock (#99); and Good Time Girl by Nancy Sinatra (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
2 Revolution/Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
4 Cinnamon--Derek
5 Quick Joey Small (Run Joey Run)--Kasenetz-Katz Singing Orchestral Circus
6 Shake--The Shadows of Knight
7 Elephant Candy--The Fun and Games
8 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
9 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family
10 Bitter Green--Gordon Lightfoot
Pick hit of the week: I'm Into Lookin' for Someone to Love Me--Bobby Vee

Politics and government
Yugoslavia rejected the Soviet doctrine of limited sovereignty for "Communist Commonwealth" nations.

Business
The Trade Descriptions Act came into force in the United Kingdom, making it a crime for a trader to knowingly sell an item with a misleading label or description.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ CNE Stadium, Toronto
Ottawa 24 Calgary 21

The Rough Riders edged the Stampeders before 32,655 fans to win the Grey Cup for the first time since 1960. For the Stampeders, it had been their first participation in Canada's national championship game since 1949. Two big plays turned the game in favour of the Rough Riders. With the Stampeders leading 14-11, Vic Washington dropped the ball on a sweep to the left side, but it bounced right back into his hands, and he continued for an 80-yard touchdown 56 seconds into the fourth quarter. The play still stands as the longest rushing play in Grey Cup history. Don Sutherin's convert attempt was blocked, leaving the Rough Riders with a 17-14 lead. At 10:01, Russ Jackson hit Margene Adkins with a 70-yard scoring strike. Mr. Sutherin's convert increased the lead to 24-14. The Stampeders mounted a late comeback drive, ending in a 2-yard pass from Peter Liske to Terry Evanshen with 1:34 remaining. Larry Robinson converted to cut the lead to 24-21, but Mr. Robinson's short kickoff was recovered by Ottawa guard Tom Schuette. Mr. Washington amassed 128 yards on 13 carries, 25 on 3 receptions, and 22 on 1 kickoff return, and won a car as the game's most valuable player. Calgary had the better of the passing game, as Mr. Liske completed 21 of 36 passes for 258 yards. Mr. Evanshen caught 5 for 56 and 2 touchdowns; Bob McCarthy caught 5 for 86, and Gerry Shaw 7 for 75. Herman Harrison, the Stampeders star tight end, was suffering from the flu, and caught just 2 passes for 16 yards, both in the last few minutes. Mr. Adkins caught 2 passes for 93 yards for the Rough Riders, while Ottawa flanker Whit Tucker, who had scored 13 touchdowns in the regular season on just 36 receptions, was held without a catch. Bo Scott, playing his final game in an Ottawa uniform before joining the NFL's Cleveland Browns for a successful career, was held to 26 yards on 14 carries. Lovell Coleman, who had joined the Rough Riders in 1968 after a stellar 8-year career with the Stampeders, carried once for 2 yards against his old team. One oddity came in the first quarter, when Wayne Giardino of the Rough Riders blocked a Ron Stewart punt, which was recovered by the Stampeders in their own end zone. Mr. Giardino was credited with a single point to give Ottawa a 1-0 lead. A rule change in 1976 prevented such a play from resulting in a single point again. Another oddity was the presence of a Ron Stewart for each team. Calgary's Ron Stewart was a defensive back who punted 9 times for a 39.4 yard average. Ottawa's Ron Stewart carried once for 3 yards and caught 1 pass for 24.







NCAA
Army 21 Navy 14 @ John F. Kennedy Stadium, Philadelphia

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Sarah--Mauro Scocco (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Heart of Darkness

This was the first episode of the season, which had been delayed because of a writers' strike.

Politics and government
Republicans who would be serving in the United States Senate in the 101st Congress chose Bob Dole of Kansas as their leader.

Health
The Ontario government of Premier David Peterson became the first provincial government in Canada to bring in legislation to restrict smoking in the workplace and private offices.

Business
Tobacco and food corporation RJR Nabisco was acquired for $25.07 billion, about twice the size of any previous merger. The management group of Kohlberg Kravis Roberts & Co. made the offer that was accepted by the outside directors of RJR Nabisco. A slightly higher offer by a management group led by RJR President F. Ross Johnson was rejected.

25 years ago
1993


Died on this date
David Houston, 57
. U.S. musician. Mr. Houston was a country singer-songwriter who was popular in the 1960s and early '70s, with 22 singles that made the top 10 on the Billboard country chart from 1963-1974, and six that reached #1. His biggest hit was Almost Persuaded, which spent nine weeks at #1 on the country chart in 1966, and reached #24 on the Billboard Hot 100 pop chart. Mr. Houston died of a brain aneurysm, nine days before his 58th birthday.

At the movies
Schindler's List, co-produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Liam Neeson, Ralph Fiennes, and Ben Kingsley, received its premiere screening in Washington, D.C.

Diplomacy
Israeli army chief of staff Ehud Barak apologized for what he called the inadvertent killing of a young Palestinian who had spoken out against violence by Palestinians. Israeli officials and Palestine Liberation Organization leaders met in Gaza to seek ways to restore calm in the area.

British Prime Minister John Major said that he wished to continue contacts with the outlawed Irish Republican Army in order to end violence in Northern Ireland.

Society
Maureen McTeer's Canadian Royal Commission on Reproductive Technologies issued its final report, calling for a ban on cloning and on sale of fetal tissue.

Law
U.S. President Bill Clinton signed into law the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, which would require a 5-day waiting period for approval of the purchase of a handgun. The "Brady Bill" was named after former White House press secretary James Brady, who had been critically wounded in the March 30, 1981 assassination attempt against President Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley. The new law also established a national computer network as a means to check the background of prospective gun purchasers.

Crime
Authorities in California arrested Richard Allen Davis, who confessed to abducting and killing 12 year-old Polly Klaas of Petaluma on October 1, 1993.

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Janet Lewis, 99
. U.S. writer. Miss Lewis wrote novels, short fiction, and poetry. her best-known work is probably the novel The Wife of Martin Guerre (1941).

Ruth Clifford, 98. U.S. actress. Miss Clifford appeared in movies, television programs, and commercials in a career spanning more than 50 years from the 1910s through the 1960s. Her biggest roles came in silent movies, including The Kaiser, the Beast of Berlin (1918); The Face on the Bar-Room Floor (1923); and The Dramatic Life of Abraham Lincoln (1924).

Margaret Walker, 83. U.S. writer. Dr. Walker was part of the Chicago Black Renaissance in the 1930s and '40s. Her best-known works are the poem For My People (1942) and the novel Jubilee (1966). Dr. Walker taught literature at what is now Jackson State University from 1949-1979, and died of breast cancer.

Politics and government
Québec Premier Lucien Bouchard led his Parti Québecois to another majority government in the Québec provincial election, despite narrowly losing the popular vote. The PQ took 77 of 125 seats in the National Assembly despite winning only 42.87% of the vote vs. 43.55% for Jean Charest's Liberals, who won 47 seats. Action démocratique du Québec leader Mario Dumont retained his seat; he was the only elected member of his party, which took 11.81% of the vote. There was almost no change in the total number of seats for each party,with the PQ losing one, the Liberals gaining one. The PQ set a provincial record with 29 female candidates elected.

Business
The Exxon and Mobil oil companies signed a $73.7-billion agreement to merge, thus creating ExxonMobil, the world's largest company.

Thursday, 29 November 2018

November 29, 2018

1,400 years ago
618


War
Tang dynasty forces scored a decisive victory over forces of their rival Xue Rengao in the Battle of Qianshuiyuan in China.

750 years ago
1268


Died on this date
Clement IV, 78
. Roman Catholic Pope, 1265-1268. Clement IV, born Gui Foucois in France, was Bishop of Le Puy (1257–1260); Archbishop of Narbonne (1259–1261): and Cardinal of Sabina (1261–1265) before succeeding Urban IV as Pope. Clement IV was a patron of both Thomas Aquinas and Roger Bacon. Pope Clement IV died six days after his 78th birthday; because of irreconcilable differences among the cardinals, the papal throne remained vacant for nearly three years before being occupied by Gregory X.

375 years ago
1643


Died on this date
Claudio Monteverdi, 76
. Italian composer. Mr. Monteverdi was a pioneer composer of operas, and was crucial transitional figure between Renaissance and Baroque music. Much of his output has been lost, but three operas survive, along with nine books of madrigals, and large-scale sacred works.

220 years ago
1798


Canadiana
Members of the Legislature of St. John's Island voted to change the island's name to Prince Edward Island in honour of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of King George III, then stationed with the army in Halifax. The reason for the change was that there was too much confusion with Saint John, New Brunswick and St. John's, Newfoundland; the official name change took place on June 3, 1799.

200 years ago
1818


Born on this date
George Brown
. U.K.-born-Canadian journalist and politician. Mr. Brown, a native of Scotland, moved to New York with his family in 1837 and to Toronto in 1843, where he founded the Toronto Globe in 1844. He was a Reformer and Clear Grit (Liberal), and was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada in 1851. When the government of Premier John A. Macdonald lost a non-confidence motion and was forced to resign in 1858, Mr. Brown served as Premier of Canada West and, with Antoine-Aimé Dorion, co-Premier of Canada from August 2-6, before in turn losing a non-confidence vote. Mr. Brown failed to win a seat in the Dominion of Canada's first federal election in 1867, but since the Liberal Party had no official leader, he was regarded as the party's elder statesman. Mr. Brown represented the Ontario region of Lambton in the Canadian Senate from 1873 until his death on May 9, 1880 at the age of 61, seven weeks after being shot by disgruntled former Globe employee George Bennett.

William Ellery Channing. U.S. poet. Mr. Channing, the nephew of Unitarian minister William Ellery Channing, was a Transcendentalist poet, and a close friend of Henry David Thoreau. Mr. Channing died on December 23, 1901 at the age of 83.

125 years ago
1893


Politics and government
Elizabeth Yates was elected Mayor of Onehunga in New Zealand, becoming the first female mayor in the British Empire.

120 years ago
1898


Disasters
Nine people drowned when the steamboat City of Ainsworth foundered off Crawford Bay on Kootenay Lake, British Columbia.

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
. U.S. clergyman and politician. A man of mixed racial ancestry, Mr. Powell followed his father into the clergy as a Baptist minister in Harlem, New York. A Democrat, he was a member of the United States House of Representatives from 1945-1971. A prominent civil rights activist, Mr. Powell's later years in Congress were dogged by allegations of corruption. He died on April 4, 1972 at the age of 63.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Madeleine L'Engle
. U.S. authoress and poetess. Miss L 'Engle, born Madeleine L'Engle Camp, wrote fiction for teenagers, and was best known for the science fantasy novel A Wrinkle in Time (1962) and four other novels in a series known as the Time Quintet. She was often referred to as a Christian, but was actually a universalist whose works were and are popular with those who hold New Age beliefs. Miss L'Engle died on September 6, 2017 at the age of 88.

Died on this date
Antônio Gastão of Orléans-Braganza, 37
. Brazilian Royal Family member and military aviator. Prince Antônio Gastão was the third and youngest son of Isabel, Princess Imperial of Brazil, and a grandson of Emperor Pedro II. Prince Antônio Gastão lived in exile in Europe after his grandfather was deposed in a coup, and joined the Royal Canadian Dragoons during World War I, serving as a pilot and spy attached to the Royal Flying Corps. Prince Antônio Gastão was promoted to captain in 1916, and was awarded the Military Cross in 1917. He spent the last few months of the war with the War Office, and died in Edmonton, London from injuries suffered in a plane crash shortly after the end of the war.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Carl Anderson, 34
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Anderson, a reputed rum runner, was killed, and companion Edmond Sahr, 24, was wounded in the shoulder, when bullets from a machine gun on the Coast Guard cutter C.G. 2364 sprayed into Mr. Anderson's cabin cruiser The Bug in Lake Ontario, half a mile out from the Niagara River.

Crime
A court in Paris sentenced the murderer of Italian Vice Consul Count Nardini to two years in prison. The lightness of the sentence led to demonstrations by Fascists at the French embassy in Rome, and elsewhere.

80 years ago
1938


Society
Mary Buksa became one of the first people in Edmonton to prepay and plan her own funeral, including the purchase of a tombstone with the death date yet to be filled in.

75 years ago
1943


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Mrs. Farintosh's Opal Tiara

War
U.K. forces in Italy merged their two bridgeheads on the west bank of the Sangro River at the Adriatic end of the front to form a 14-mile line. U.S.S.R. forces drove northwest from Gomel, White Russia, reaching a point 11 miles south of Zhlobin. Australian troops occupied Bonga, seaward anchor of the principal Japanese supply line on the northeast New Guinea coast. Japanese forces in China broke into Changteh in northern Hunan Province after 10 days of fighting.

Diplomacy
U.S. State Secretary Cordell Hull denied reports that Germany had made peace moves "through the Vatican or other channels" when asked about Swiss government dispatches that former German Chancellor and current German Ambassador to Turkey Franz von Papen was in Rome to seek an audience with Pope Pius XII.

World events
Police in Buenos Aires announced that all anti-government propagandists would be sent to concentration camps in Patagonia.

Politics and government
The second session of the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ), held to determine the post-war ordering of the country, concluded in Jajce (present-day Bosnia and Herzegovina).

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

War
Marshal Lin Biao, commander-in-chief of the Chinese communist Northeast Field Army, launched a massive offensive toward Beijing, beginning the Pingjin Campaign. Nationalist forces abandoned the northern Chinese port of Chinwangtao to the Communists.

Diplomacy
Israel formally applied for admission to the United Nations.

Law
The Indian Constituent Assembly adopted a constitutional clause prohibiting the practice of untouchability "in any form."

Politics and government
The American Veterans Committee ended a four-day convention in Cleveland after voting to bar Communists from membership; opposing a federal bonus for veterans; and supporting Marshall Plan aid to Europe.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and the Western powers approved a plan for study of the Berlin currency problem by experts from neutral United Nations Security Council member states.

Football
NCAA
University of Pennsylvania center and linebacker Chuck Bednarik was named the winner of the Maxwell Award as the best all-around college football player in the United States for 1948.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno; Dean Martin (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): La Paloma--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (12th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Hoots Mon--Lord Rockingham's XI

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio (2nd week at #1)
2 To Know Him, is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
3 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
4 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
5 I Got Stung--Elvis Presley
6 Beep Beep--The Playmates
7 Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson
8 One Night--Elvis Presley
9 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
10 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper

Singles entering the chart were Big Bopper's Wedding (#73)/Little Red Riding Hood (#78) by the Big Bopper; Love You Most of All by Sam Cooke (#81); Seven Minutes in Heaven by the Poni-Tails (#88); Peek-A-Boo by the Cadillacs (#92); Nobody But You by Dee Clark (#93); Turvy II by Cozy Cole (#95); Caravan (Part 2) by Cozy Cole (#97); Sing Sing Sing by the Bernie Lowe Orchestra (#98); Donna by Ritchie Valens (#99); and The Wedding by June Valli (#100). Turvy II was the B-side of Turvy I; Caravan Part II was the B-side of Caravan Part I.

Law
King Hussein of Jordan announced the end of martial law and curfew restrictions.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Winnipeg 35 Hamilton 28

Quarterback Jim Van Pelt set a Grey Cup scoring record with 22 points on 2 touchdowns, 2 field goals, and 4 converts in leading the Blue Bombers back from an early 14-0 deficit to defeat the Tiger-Cats before 36,567 fans in one of the best Grey Cup games ever played. Gerry McDougall rushed for a touchdown to open the scoring, and Ralph Goldston returned a Winnipeg fumble 75 yards for another TD, with Steve Oneschuk's second convert making the score 14-0. The Blue Bombers got on the scoreboard when Mr. Van Pelt pitched out to Leo Lewis and then caught a pass for a 20-yard touchdown. Mr. Van Pelt kicked a pair of field goals to narrow the deficit to 14-13. Mr. Goldston was ejected in the 2nd quarter for punching Mr. Lewis at the end of a play. With the Tiger-Cats leading 14-13 and time for just one more play before halftime, Hamilton head coach Jim Trimble elected to have Cam Fraser punt from his own 3-yard line rather than simply ground the ball. The kick was blocked, and Norm Rauhaus recovered for a touchdown, which, converted by Mr. Van Pelt, gave Winnipeg a 20-14 halftime lead. In the 3rd quarter, Hamilton quarterback Bernie Faloney completed a 12-yard touchdown pass to Ron Howell, and Mr. Oneschuk's convert gave the Tiger-Cats a 21-20 lead. Winnipeg linebacker Gordie Rowland recovered a Hamilton fumble at the Tiger-Cats' 25-yard line, leading to a 3-yard touchdown rush by Charlie Shepard, with Mr. Van Pelt's convert giving the Blue Bombers a 27-21 lead. A 35-yard TD pass from Mr. Faloney to Mr. Howell, converted by Mr. Oneschuk, made the score 28-27 Hamilton after 3 quarters. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Van Pelt scored his second touchdown and converted, and Mr. Shepard punted for a single to give Winnipeg a seven-point lead. Mr. Faloney drove the Tiger-Cats into Winnipeg territory in the last 4 minutes, but both drives ended with Winnipeg interceptions. It was the Blue Bombers' first Grey Cup championship in 17 years.



NCAA
Army 22 Navy 6 @ Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Jesamine--The Casuals (2nd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
2 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
3 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
4 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
5 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell
6 1432 Franklin Pike Circle Hero--Bobby Russell
7 Do Something to Me--Tommy James and the Shondells
8 The Straight Life--Bobby Goldsboro
9 Bitter Green--Gordon Lightfoot
10 On the Way Home--Buffalo Springfield

Singles entering the chart were Scarborough Fair by Sergio Mendes and Brasil '66 (#26); Till by the Vogues (#29); and Who's Making Love by Johnnie Taylor (#30).

Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (12th week at #1)
2 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
3 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
4 White Room--Cream
5 Magic Carpet Ride--Stepenwolf
6 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
7 The Straight Life--Bobby Goldsboro
8 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell
9 Elenore--The Turtles
10 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion

Politics and government
The Quebec Chamber of Deputies voted in favour of Bill 90, abolishing the Legislative Council. The bill provided that the Quebec Legislature would now be composed solely of the Lieutenant-Governor and an elective chamber that would be called the National Assembly of Quebec, instead of the Legislative Assembly of Quebec. The legislative counsels, who saw their jobs disappear, were entitled to a $ 10,000 pension, a measure that was strongly contested by the Liberals who sat in the Opposition. The bill was approved by the Legislative Council on December 13, and went into effect on December 31, 1968.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Do Ya Think I'm Sexy?--Rod Stewart

Died on this date
André Morell, 69
. U.K. actor. Mr. Morell, born André Mesritz, appeared in numerous plays, films, and television programs in a career spanning 40 years, but was perhaps best known for playing Professor Bernard Quatermass in the television serial Quatermass and the Pit (1958-1959) and Dr. Watson in the movie The Hound of the Baskervilles (1959). He was a heavy smoker for many years, but quit two years before his death from lung cancer.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 5 @ Minnesota 3
Chicago 1 @ Vancouver 1

30 years ago
1988


Politics and government
Democrats who would be serving in the United States Senate in the 101st Congress elected George Mitchell of Maine to be their leader, succeeding Robert Byrd of West Virginia, who did not seek re-election to the post.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the nation's economy, as measured by the gross national product, had grown at an annual rate of 2.6% in the third quarter of 1988, a figure higher than the earlier 2.2% estimate.

Disasters
At least 700 people were killed and hundreds of thousands left homeless when a cyclone struck Bangladesh.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)

Abominations
"Dr." Jack Kevorkian, the Michigan mad scientist, was imprisoned in Pontiac, Michigan a day after being charged in Oakland County with assisting in the suicide of Merian Frederick in October.

War
The U.K. government of Prime Minister John Major came under attack in the House of Commons over revelations that it has had secret contacts with the Irish Republican Army.

Scandal
The Democratic Party dropped a civil lawsuit challenging Republican Party candidate Christine Todd Whitman's 26,000-vote victory over Democratic incumbent Jim Florio in the November 2 New Jersey gubernatorial election. Ed Rollins, Ms. Whitman's campaign manager, had claimed on November 9 that he had paid out $500,000 to Negro clergymen and Democratic party workers to suppress Negro voter turnout, but 10 days later he had stated in a deposition that his claim had been a fabrication aimed at getting a dig in at rival campaign manager James Carville. A criminal investigation had revealed no significant evidence in support of Mr. Rollins' original claim.

Wednesday, 28 November 2018

November 28, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Dede Hill and Chris Milner!

900 years ago
1118


Born on this date
Manuel I
. Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, 1143-1180. Manuel I succeeded his father John II on the throne. He engaged in various military campaigns and was highly regarded in his time, but some modern historians attribute his good reputation to the Komnenos dynasty that he was a member of, and connect him with the subsequent decline of that dynasty. Manuel died of a slow fever on September 24, 1180 at the age of 61, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Alexios II.

175 years ago
1843


Diplomacy
The Kingdom of Hawaii was officially recognized by the United Kingdom and France as an independent nation.

150 years ago
1868


Born on this date
František Drdla
. Czech musician and composer. Mr. Drdla had a successful career as a concert violinist, and wrote three operettas, a violin concerto, and several orchestral and chamber works, but was primarily known for composing light works for violin and piano. He died on September 3, 1944 at the age of 75.

125 years ago
1893


Politics and government
The Liberal Party, led by Prime Minister Richard Seddon, was re-elected with an increased majority of seats in general electorates in the New Zealand general election. The Liberals won 51 of 70 seats, an increase of 13 from the most recent election in 1890. The Conservatives, led by William Rolleston, won 14 seats, a decrease of 11. Five independent candidates were elected. Voting in the four Māori electorates took place on December 20, 1893. This was the first N.Z. general election in which women were allowed to vote.

110 years ago
1908


Born on this date
Michael Adekunle Ajasin
. Nigerian politician. Mr. Ajasin was involved in Nigerian politics before and after the country gained its independence from British colonial rule in 1960. He sat in the Federal House of Representatives from 1954-1966, and was Governor of Ondo from 1979-1983, winning re-election shortly before a military coup took over Nigeria. Mr. Ajasin died on October 3, 1997 at the age of 88.

Claude Lévi-Strauss. Belgian-born French anthropologist and ethnologist. Professor Lévi-Strauss has been called one of the "fathers of modern anthropology." He was a major figure in the field of structural anthropology, arguing that human characteristics are the same everywhere and that cultures are determined by their interrelationships. Professor Lévi-Strauss's best-known book was Tristes Tropiques (1955); he died on October 30, 2009, 29 days before his 101st birthday.

Disasters
A coal mine explosion in Marianna, Pennsylvania killed 154 men, leaving only one survivor.

Football
CRU
Dominion Final
McGill University 17 @ Hamilton Tigers 21

This was the last dominion final prior to the donation of the Grey Cup in 1909.

U.S. college
Army 6 Navy 4 @ Franklin Field, Philadelphia

90 years ago
1928


Diplomacy
U.S. President-elect Herbert Hoover continued his goodwill tour of Latin America with a visit to San Jose, Costa Rica.

Crime
A 37-year-old bootlegger, whose name wasn't mentioned, was sentenced in Flint, Michigan by Circuit Court Judge Brennan to life in prison for a fourth offense against the state's liquor laws. He was said to be the first "simon pure" bootlegger to be sentenced to life imprisonment under Michigan's habitual criminal law. Other "lifers" in the state had had other felonies interspersed with their bootlegging activities, according to official records.

Protest
The 300-member student body of Eureka College in Eureka, Illinois began a five-day strike in protest against the college's efforts to cut its budget by "streamlining" the academic program by dropping some majors and courses. While the students boycotted classes, they conducted tutorials in residence halls and fraternity houses in order to keep up in their course work. One of the leaders of the strike was freshman Ronald Reagan, 17.

Bowling
O. Stein and R. Nelson set a two-man record, pinning 1,393 in games in the Mid-West tournament in St. Louis.

75 years ago
1943


War
U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin met in Tehran for their first conference during World War II. British troops in Italy began a new drive from the west bank of the Sangro River, advancing six miles. Soviet forces further hemmed in retreating Germans with the capture of Sharybovka, 18 miles southeast of the rail junction of Zhlobin. U.S. troops on Bougainville Island advanced 800 yards against stiff opposition. Australian troops moving up the New Guinea coast with tank and plane support advanced to within a mile of the important rail junction of Bonga.

Crime
The Mexican Supreme Court refused to intervene in the conviction of Jacques Mornard for the 1940 murder of exiled Soviet Communist figure Leon Trotsky.

70 years ago
1948


On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Well Advertised Murder

Politics and government
Former Japanese Prime Minister Hitoshi Ashida resigned as president of the Democratic Party, following the discovery of his involvement in a bribery scandal.

Academia
The U.S. National Executive Council of Phi Kappi Psi upheld the suspension of the fraternity's Amherst College chapter for admitting a Negro.

Labour
A strike by 2,000 workers at Johns-Manville plant in Asbestos, Quebec began; the strike lasted until 1950.

60 years ago
1958


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hoots Mon--Lord Rockingham's XI

Politics and government
The territorial assemblies of Gabon, Chad, Congo, and Mauritania chose to become autonomous republics within the French Community.

World events
The Yugoslavian government issued amnesty decrees freeing 838 prisoners and shortening the terms of 1,178 others.

Defense
The U.S. Air Force fired a three-stage Atlas missile "the full intercontinental range" of 6,325 miles for the first time.

Labour
Refusing to meet the wage demands of striking railway workers, Argentine President Arturo Frondizi issued a mobilization decree outlawing the strike and drafting all rail workers into the army.

Sport
A three-judge U.S. federal court in New Orleans ruled that a 1956 Louisiana law banning sports meets between whites and Negroes was unconstitutional.

Hockey
NHL
Punch Imlach, who had recently moved up from assistant general manager to general manager of the Toronto Maple Leafs, fired coach Billy Reay and replaced him with himself. The Maple Leafs were in sixth and last place in the standings at the time.

50 years ago
1968


On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Public Affairs: DR-14



40 years ago
1978


On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Kingsfield's Daughter



Law
A court in Quebec declared the provincial government's Bill 101, making French the only working language in Quebec, to be ultra vires, i.e., beyond the province's jurisdiction.

Hockey
NHL
Montreal 3 Philadelphia 0

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love For You--Glenn Medeiros (2nd week at #1)

Economics and finance
The prime lending rate charged by major U.S. banks rose from 10% to 10.5%, its highest level since May 1985.

Business
The Québec Nordiques of the National Hockey League were sold to local interests.

25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: It Keeps Rainin' (Tears from My Eyes)--Bitty McLean

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams

Died on this date
Garry Moore, 78
. U.S. television personality. Mr. Moore, born Thomas Garrison Morfit III, worked in radio in the 1930s and '40s, but was best known as the host of several television programs, most notably the game shows I've Got a Secret (1952-1964) and To Tell the Truth (1969-1976). He hosted several versions of his own variety program, The Garry Moore Show, from 1950-1958; 1958-1964; and 1966-1967. The Garry Moore Show helped to launch the careers of performers such as Carol Burnett, Jonathan Winters, Alan King, and Don Adams.

Jerry Edmonton, 47. Canadian-born U.S. musician. Mr. Edmonton, a native of Oshawa, Ontario, was born Gerald McCrohan. He was the drummer with the rock group Jack London and the Sparrows in the 1960s; the group changed its name to Steppenwolf and enjoyed considerable success in the late 1960s and early '70s. Mr. Edmonton's brother Dennis, who wrote songs under the name Mars Bonfire, was also a member of the group. Dennis Edmonton was killed in a car accident in Santa Barbara, California.

Diplomacy
The British government of Prime Minister John Major confirmed that for several years it had been in contact, through intermediaries, with the outlawed Irish Republican Army. Transcripts of exchanged messages released the following day indicated that the parties were exploring ways to end violence in Northern Ireland. The transcripts, if accurate, indicated that the IRA was willing to end its terrorist bombings and participate in dialogue that would lead to peace.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ McMahon Stadium, Calgary
Edmonton 33 Winnipeg 23

Lucius Floyd and Jim Sandusky scored touchdowns and Sean Fleming added 2 converts, 6 field goals, and a single as the Eskimos held on to defeat the Blue Bombers before 50,035 fans at McMahon Stadium. Mr. Floyd opened the scoring with a 4-yard rush 7:10 into the game, after Bruce Dickson blocked a Bob Cameron punt. Damon Allen completed a 2-yard pass to Jim Sandusky for another touchdown just 3 minutes later. Mr. Fleming converted and kicked a 41-yard field goal 2 minutes later to give Edmonton a 17-0 lead after the 1st quarter. Mr. Fleming added a single on a missed field goal and kicked a 26-yard field goal in the 2nd quarter to make the score 21-0 before Michael Richardson got Winnipeg on the scoreboard with a 2-yard touchdown rush, converted by Troy Westwood with 2:42 remaining in the 1st half. Mr. Fleming kicked a 45-yard field goal with 13 seconds remaining, and Mr. Westwood replied with a 48-yard FG on the last play to leave the Eskimos with a 24-10 halftime lead. The Blue Bombers scored all the points in the 3rd quarter on a 1-yard quarterback sneak for a touchdown by Sammy Garza, converted by Mr. Westwood with 1:56 remaining. Mr. Westwood kicked a 32-yard field goal at 4:19 of the 4th quarter to reduce Winnipeg's deficit to 24-20, but Mr. Fleming kicked field goals of 15 and 32 yards to make the score 30-20 with 5:07 left in regulation time. Mr. Westwood kicked his third FG, from 32 yards with 2:44 remaining, to draw the Blue Bombers to within 30-23, but Mr. Fleming put the game away with a 19-yard field goal with 6 seconds remaining. The Blue Bombers sacked Mr. Allen 5 times, recovered 2 Edmonton fumbles, and made an interception, but Winnipeg turned the ball over 7 times, losing 5 fumbles--including one by wide receiver David Williams on the game's final play--and giving up 2 interceptions. Mr. Allen, who completed 16 of 28 passes for 238 yards and rushed 14 times for 90 yards, was named the game's Most Valuable Player, while Mr. Fleming was named the game's outstanding Canadian. David Williams led all receivers with 7 receptions for 118 yards. Mr. Richardson, who had led the CFL during the regular season with 925 yards rushing, was held to 26 yards on 10 carries. The game marked the first Grey Cup championship for Ron Lancaster as a head coach after playing on championship teams in 1960 and 1966. The temperature at game time was 6 C, considerably warmer than the -21 (with windchill of -35) for the western final in the same stadium a week earlier. This blogger was able to get a last-minute flight to Calgary. CBC sportscaster Brian Williams was kind enough to let me into the stadium for a brief glance at the field before the game; I was able to get a $91 ticket for $60 from someone selling it outside the stadium (tickets were going for much less as game time approached, but I wanted to get in before it started); I ended up in the end zone next to an attractive woman and got a kiss from her after the game; and I made it to the Eskimos' hotel after the game in time to see the team come in with the Grey Cup.



20 years ago
1998


Football
CIAU
Vanier Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Saskatchewan 24 Concordia 17

Linebacker Trevor Ludtke recovered an opposition fumble in the Concordia end zone with 2:08 remaining in regulation time to break a 17-17 tie as the heavily-favoured Huskies narrowly defeated the Stingers before 15,157 fans. Concordia had the ball on its own 18-yard lne when quarterback Jon Kronemeyer faded back to pass and was grabbed by Saskatchewan linebacker Michael Milo. Mr. Kronemeyer pitched the ball backward to running back Evan Davis, but the ball sailed over Mr. Davis's head and bounced along the goal line; Mr. Davis ran along the goal line in stead of forward, and fumbled into the end zone when he was hit by defensive lineman Brent Dancey, and Mr. Ludtke recovered. Todd Lynden scored the other Saskatchewan touchdown on a 9-yard pass from quarterback Ryan Reid with 1:56 remaining in the 2nd quarter to break a 3-3 tie. Matt Kellett converted both TDs and added 3 field goals and a single. The Stingers scored both their touchdowns in the 3rd quarter, on a 55-yard rush by Mr. Davis and a 56-yard interception return by Greg Casey. David Miller-Johnston converted both Concordia TDs and added a field goal. Doug Rozon led the Huskies' offense with 23 carries for 140 yards and 2 pass receptions for 28 yards. Saskatchewan defensive back Kurtis Albers set a Vanier Cup record with 3 interceptions, with the last coming on the last play of the game.

Tuesday, 27 November 2018

November 27, 2018

150 years ago
1868


War
In the Battle of Washita River, United States Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer led an attack on Black Kettle’s Southern Cheyenne camp living on reservation land in Oklahoma. The dead included woman and children, and debate continues as to whether the action was a battle or a massacre.

120 years ago
1898


Disasters
The Portland Gale ravaged the Maritimes and New England, killing more than 400 people and sinking more than 150 boats and ships. The U.S. passenger sidewheeler SS Portland, with an estimated 193-245 people aboard, including 63 crew, sank off Cape Ann, Massachusetts, with the loss of everyone aboard.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Stephen Elliott
. U.S. actor. Mr. Elliott, born Elliott Pershing Stitzel, was mainly a stage actor, but also appeared in television programs, and in movies such as Arthur (1981) and Beverly Hills Cop (1984). He died on May 21, 2005 at the age of 86.

90 years ago
1928


Died on this date
Nelson Rehmeyer, 59
. U.S. crime victim. Mr. Rehmeyer, who lived alone on a farm near Shrewsbury, Pennsylvania, was killed when he resisted efforts of a superstition-crazed man and two youths to cut a lock of hair from his head to be buried eight feet underground, to break a spell they thought had been cast over a family.

Politics and government
"To keep the crooks out" of government work, the U.S. Civil Service Commission announced that it was planning to install fingerprinting systems in 250 cities.

Crime
Henry Blackmer, a fugitive U.S. Senate witness in the Teapot Dome oil leasing scandal of 1923, was arraigned in Paris on the application of the U.S. government for his extradition on a warrant charging perjury in his income tax return. The French advocate general advised the court that the offense charged was not a crime in France and therefore was not extraditable.

75 years ago
1943


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Paper Doll--The Mills Brothers (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
William J. Fahy
. U.S. criminal. Mr. Fahy was a U.S. postal inspector who teamed up with two racketeers and the Newton Gang in 1924 to rob a postal train in Illinois, netting more than $3 million in the largest train robbery in history. Mr. Fahy served 13 years in prison and refused a commutation of his sentence in return for an admission of guilt, and died in Chicago.

Ivo Ribar, 27. Yugoslavian politician. Mr. Ribar was a Communist who became one of the closest collaborators of Yugoslav Communist Party leader Josip Broz Tito. He was a leader of the Yugoslav Partisans during World War II, and was among the founders of the Unified League of Anti-Fascist Youth of Yugoslavia (USAOJ). Mr. Ribar was preparing to board a flight to Cairo as the first representative of Communist Yugoslavia to the Middle East Command, when he was killed when a German bomb struck the Glamoč airfield in southwestern Bosnia.

War
Colombia declared a state of belligerency with Germany because of the sinking of the schooner Ruby by a German U-boat in the Caribbean Sea.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Hamilton Flying Wildcats 23 Winnipeg RCAF Bombers 14

Doug Smith, Jimmy Fumio, and Mel Lawson scored touchdowns for the Flying Wildcats as they took an 18-7 1st-quarter lead and held on to defeat the RCAF Bombers before 16,423 fans. Mr. Smith scored on a 30-yard pass from Joe Krol, who converted to give Hamilton a 6-0 lead. Brian Quinn scored a single on the subsequent kickoff to give Winnipeg its first point, and the RCAF Bombers briefly took a 7-6 lead on a 17-yard touchdown rush by Garney Smith, converted by Ches McCance. Mr. Fumio scored when he blocked a punt and recovered it, and Mr. Lawson rushed 1 yard for the third Hamilton TD, both converted by Mr. Krol, who added a field goal in the 3rd quarter to make the score 21-7. The RCAF Bombers scored a touchdown before the end of the quarter on a 42-yard pass from Mr. Quinn to Jim Berry, converted by Mr. McCance. Winnipeg quarterback Dave Greenberg directed his team to the Hamilton 1-yard line in the 4th quarter, but the Flying Wildcats' defense held on three successive plays. Mr. Quinn eventually kicked another single, but Mr. Krol punted 75 yards for a single, and Doug Smith added another to put the game out of reach.

NCAA
Navy 13 @ Army 0

The Midshipmen's shutout of the Black Knights at Michie Stadium was the first Army-Navy game to be played in West Point, New York since their first meeting in 1890.

70 years ago
1948


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys (3rd week at #1)
--The Dinning Sisters
2 On a Slow Boat to China--Kay Kyser Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Benny Goodman and his Orchestra
--Eddy Howard and his Orchestra
--Art Lund
3 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
4 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
5 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting
6 Until--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
7 Underneath the Arches--Primo Scala’s Banjo and Accordian Orchestra with the Keynotes
--The Andrews Sisters
8 Say Something Sweet to Your Sweetheart--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae with the Starlighters
9 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
10 My Darling, My Darling--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae with the Starlighters
--Doris Day and Buddy Clark

Singles entering the chart were By the Way, with versions by Perry Como; and Jo Stafford (#27); and Brush Those Tears from Your Eyes by Evelyn Knight (#32).

Scandal
U.K. Prime Minister Clement Attlee appointed a special tribunal headed by Justice George Lynskey to investigate charges of corruption in the Board of Trade and other government agencies.

Energy
Soviet authorities in Germany ordered a sharp reduction in electric power due to a coal shortage caused by a cutoff of British shipments from the Ruhr.

Agriculture
Hungarian Deputy Premier Matyas Rakosi announced a program of farm collectivization.

Labour
The French General Confederation of Labour ended the eight-week strike of coal miners after most miners returned to work.

Football
CRU
Grey Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Calgary 12 Ottawa 7

The Stampeders won the Grey Cup for the first time with a 12-7 win over the Rough Riders before 20,013 fans. In a game that saw momentum switch back and forth, Ottawa scored the only point of the first quarter on a punt single by Tony Golab. Calgary struck just before halftime. Quarterback Keith Spaith completed a pass to Woody Strode at the Ottawa 14-yard line for a 30 yard gain. The Rough Riders were so busy arguing that Mr. Strode had caught the ball out of bounds that they failed to notice Normie Hill of the Stampeders lying on the ground, in bounds, on the opposite side of the field. The ball was quickly snapped for the next play, and Mr. Hill jumped up and went to the goal line to grab Mr. Spaith's pass. He was hit by an Ottawa defender as the pass arrived, and the ball popped up in the air, but Mr. Hill caught it sitting down. The "sleeper play" touchdown, converted by Fred Wilmot, gave Calgary a 6-1 halftime lead. The Rough Riders scored early in the third quarter, taking possession at the Calgary 46 after illegal interference was called against the Stampeders on the second-half kickoff. Quarterback Bob Paffrath finished the drive with a one-yard quarterback sneak. Eric Chipper's convert gave the Rough Riders a 7-6 lead. With about 5 minutes gone in the fourth quarter, the Rough Riders were enjoying a wide advantage in play when, from about the Ottawa 40, Mr. Paffrath threw a lateral to halfback Pete Karpuk. Mr. Karpuk fumbled, and an official blew his horn to indicate that the pass was offside. Mr. Karpuk and other players made no attempt to pick up the ball, but there was no whistle to end the play, so Mr. Strode finally scooped it up, and ran to the Ottawa 15 and lateralled to Jim Mitchener, who was stopped at the 10. Pete Thodos ran for the touchdown on the next play, and Mr. Wilmot converted to make the score 12-7. The Rough Riders were unable to score in the remaining ten minutes. The win culminated the wildest Grey Cup week that had yet been seen. It was the first time since 1911 that a Calgary team had won the western title, and the first time a Calgary squad had been to the Grey Cup. Trainloads of fans accompanied the team, and the subsequent partying in downtown Toronto marked the beginning of tghe modern Grey Cup week. The win also enabled the Stampeders to finish the season undefeated. They won all 12 of their regular season games, but were held to a tie by the Saskatchewan Roughriders in the first game of the two-game total points WIFU finals, before winning the second game.



NCAA
Army 21 Navy 21 @ Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia

60 years ago
1958


Died on this date
Georgi Damyanov, 66
. Head of State of Bulgaria, 1950-1958. Mr. Damyanov, a Communist, was Bulgaria's Defense Minister from 1946-1950 and Chairman of the Presidium of the National Assembly (head of state) from 1950 until his death. He was succeeded in the latter position by Dimitar Ganev.

Football
NCAA
The Maxwell Club of Philadelphia named Army halfback Pete Dawkins as the winner of the Heisman Trophy as the most outstanding college football player in the United States for 1958.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): The Good, the Bad and the Ugly--Hugo Montenegro, his Orchestra and Chorus (3rd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (8th week at #1)
2 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon
5 Hold Me Tight--Johnny Nash
6 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
7 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
8 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
9 Elenore/Surfer Dan--The Turtles
10 Cinnamon--Derek

Singles entering the chart were All Along the Watchtower by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#27); Chewy, Chewy by Ohio Express (#28); Abraham, Martin and John by Dion (#35); Mexican Whistler by Roger Whittaker (#39); and Let's Take a Walk by Tommy Leonetti (#40).

At the movies
Hellfighters, starring John Wayne, Katharine Ross, Jim Hutton, and Vera Miles, opened in theatres.

Basketball
ABA
Los Angeles 111 @ Kentucky 107 (OT)

Penny Ann Early, 25, became the first woman to play major professional basketball, when she played for the Colonels for a few seconds in their loss to the Stars before 5,345 fans at Louisville Convention Center. She took the ball out of bounds in the Kentucky backcourt early in the game and inbounded it to teammate Bobby Rascoe, whereupon Kentucky coach Gene Rhodes called time out and removed her from the game. Warren Davis led Los Angeles with 23 points, while Kentucky's Louie Dampier led all scorers with 30 points.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Three Times a Lady--Commodores (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kisetsu no Naka de--Chiharu Matsuyama (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (8th week at #1)

Died on this date
George Moscone, 49
. U.S. politician. Mr. Moscone, a Democrat, was a member of the California State Senate from 1967-1976 serving as Majority Leader. He was Mayor of San Francisco from 1976 until his death, and was notable for appointing sodomites and members of racial minority groups to various positions. Three days after his 49th birthday, Mr. Moscone was assassinated by Dan White, an opponent of his. Mr. White, a former policeman, had recently resigned from the city's Board of Supervisors, but had changed his mind and asked Mr. Moscone to reappoint him. Mr. Moscone refused, but offered to meet with Mr. White to discuss the matter. Mr. White, carrying his old police revolver, sneaked through a window in City Hall in order to avoid the metal detector, and fatally shot Mr. Moscone. Mr. Moscone's death occurred nine days after the mass suicide/murder of over 900 people at the Peoples Temple compound at Jonestown, Guyana; Jonestown leader Jim Jones and the Peoples Temple had helped significantly in Mr. Moscone's election campaign in 1975. Mr. Moscone was succeeded as Mayor by Board of Supervisors President Dianne Feinstein.

Harvey Milk, 48. U.S. politician. Mr. Milk was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in 1977 and took office in January 1978, becoming the first non-incumbent openly sodomite man to win election to public office in the United States, and sponsored a sodomite rights bill that was regarded as the most stringent in the United States. After assassinating Mayor Moscone, Dan White re-loaded his gun, walked across City Hall, and fatally shot Mr. Milk, turning himself in to police shortly afterward.

30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): The Only Way is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Carradine, 82
. U.S. actor. Mr. Carradine, born Richmond Reed Carradine, was known for his rich, deep voice, and acted in Shakespearean roles on stage, but was better known as a character actor in several hundred movies and television programs, especially horror movies and Westerns in a career spanning about 60 years. His sons David, Keith, and Robert became actors.

Diplomacy
United Nations Secretary-General Javier Perez de Cuellar said that U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz's denial the previous day of permission for Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat to travel to New York to address the UN General Assembly because of Mr. Arafat's "association with terrorism" would harm diplomatic efforts in the Middle East.

Politics and government
In a speech to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev deplored the "disastrous" rise of nationalism, citing the Soviet republics of Estonia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan.

Abominations
World heavyweight boxing champion Mike Tyson was baptized at a Baptist church in Cleveland in a ceremony attended by Rev. Jesse Jackson, boxing promoter Don King, and about 700 others. According to a news report, Mr. Tyson, wearing a white robe, stepped into a pool of water, immersed himself, and then embraced Rev. Henry Payden, who presided over the ceremony along with Rev. Jackson. Rev. Hayden said, "Mike, now your job is to take the message of Christ to the people." Mr. Tyson's subsequent conduct, which included a conviction for rape that resulted in a prison term, and a profession of belief in Islam, indicates that while he professed saving faith in Jesus Christ, he didn't possess saving faith in Jesus Christ.

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Lansdowne Park, Ottawa
Winnipeg 22 British Columbia 21

Trevor Kennerd's fourth field goal of the game, from 30 yards, broke a 19-19 tie with 2:55 remaining in regulation time, and Mike Gray's interception at the Winnipeg 2-yard line foiled a late drive as the Blue Bombers, playing in the Grey Cup for the first time since moving to the East Division in 1987, edged the Lions before 50,604 fans. The Lions led 7-4 after the 1st quarter on a 14-yard touchdown rush by Tony Cherry, converted by Lui Passaglia, sandwiched between a 42-yard punt single by Bob Cameron and a 22-yard field goal by Mr. Kennerd. Mr. Kennerd kicked a 43-yard field goal to tie the game at 4:40 of the 2nd quarter, but B.C. quarterback Matt Dunigan threw a 26-yard touchdown pass to David Williams, and Mr. Passaglia's convert gave the Lions a 14-7 lead with 6:38 remaining in the 1st half. Just 1:24 later, the Blue Bombers tied the score on a 35-yard pass from quarterback Sean Salisbury to James Murphy, converted by Mr. Kennerd. Mr. Passaglia missed a 41-yard field goal attempt, but it went for a single with 1:05 remaining, giving B.C. a 15-14 halftime lead. Mr. Passaglia and Mr. Kennerd exchanged field goals in the 3rd quarter, and then a single on a missed FG by Mr. Kennerd tied the score 18-18 with 3:45 left in the quarter. Mr. Passaglia boomed an 84-yard punt single 1:19 later to give the Lions the lead, bu Mr. Cameron punted 49 yards for a single on the last play of the 3rd quarter to make the score 19-19. After Mr. Kennerd kicked his last field goal, Mr. Dunigan drove the Lions to the Winnipeg 7-yard line and appeared to have the Lions in good shape to tie or win the game, but Mr. Gray, a defensive tackle, batted one of his passes and intercepted to kill the drive. Mr. Cameron conceded a safety touch with 58 seconds remaining in regulation time and B.C. defensive back Anthony Drawhorn returned the subsequent kickoff 38 yards to the Lions' 45-yard line, but Mr. Cherry was penalized for unnecessary roughness, moving the ball back to the 30. The Lions were unable to move the ball in the final seconds. Mr. Murphy, who led all receivers with 165 yards on 5 receptions--including a 71-yard gain to set up one of Mr. Kennerd's field goals--was named the game's outstanding offensive player. Mr. Gray was named the outstanding defensive player, and Mr. Cameron, who averaged 47.3 yards on 11 punts, was named the outstanding Canadian. Mr. Cherry led all rushers with 23 carries for 133 yards, including one gain of 52 yards. Tim Jessie led the Blue Bombers with 35 yards on 8 carries. Mr. Williams led B.C. receivers with 78 yards on 3 receptions, and expressed criticism after the game of some of the play-calling of B.C. head coach Larry Donovan. Mr. Salisbury completed just 12 of 32 passes, but for 246 yards with 1 touchdown and no interceptions. Mr. Dunigan was 14 for 32 for 196 yards, 1 TD and 2 interceptions. Mr. Passaglia averaged 45.7 yards on 9 punts.



25 years ago
1993


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams

#1 single in Italy: Come Mai--883 & Fiorello

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Boom! Shake the Room--DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Living on My Own (1993)--Freddie Mercury (8th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (4th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (4th week at #1)
2 Again--Janet Jackson
3 All That She Wants--Ace of Base
4 Just Kickin' It--Xscape
5 Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams
6 Shoop--Salt-N-Pepa
7 Hero--Mariah Carey
8 Breathe Again--Toni Braxton
9 Gansta Lean--D.R.S.
10 Can We Talk--Tevin Campbell

Singles entering the chart were Said I Loved You...But I Lied by Michael Bolton (#12); Time and Chance by Color Me Badd (#30); All About Soul by Billy Joel (#34); Freakit by Das EFX (#38); Because the Night by 10,000 Maniacs (#44); Mr. Vain by Culture Beat (#47); Real Muthaphuckkin G's by Eazy-E (#50); I Can See Clearly Now by Jimmy Cliff (#54); Award Tour by Tribe Called Quest (#73); Looking for Mr. Do Right by Jade (#75); Found Out About You by Gin Blossoms (#76); 93 'Til Infinity by Souls of Mischief (#78); Into Your Arms by the Lemonheads (#86); and I'm Real by Kris Kross (#89). I Can See Clearly Now was from the movie Cool Runnings (1993).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 All That She Wants--Ace of Base (2nd week at #1)
2 Please Forgive Me--Bryan Adams
3 Again--Janet Jackson
4 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf
5 No Rain--Blind Melon
6 Both Sides of the Story--Phil Collins
7 When There's Time (For Love)--Lawrence Gowan
8 Human Wheels--John Mellencamp
9 Wild World--Mr. Big
10 Hero--Mariah Carey

Singles entering the chart were All for Love by Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart, and Sting (#67); Something in Common by Bobby Brown and Whitney Houston (#68); State of the Heart by West End Girls (#80); Darling Be Home Soon by the Barra MacNeils (#83); Stone Free by Eric Clapton (#84); Just Keep Me Moving by k.d. lang (#88); Heal it Up by Concrete Blonde (#93); It's Too Real (Big Scary Animal) by Belinda Carlisle (#96); and Commitment of the Heart by Clive Griffin (#97). All for Love was from the movie The Three Musketeers (1993).

20 years ago
1998


Died on this date
Barbara Acklin, 55
. U.S. singer-songwriter. Miss Acklin was a soul singer who had several hit singles in the late 1960s and early '70s, with her biggest hit being Love Makes a Woman, which reached #3 on the Billboard Rhythm and Blues chart and #15 on the Hot 100 pop chart in 1968. She also had some success as a songwriter, especially in partnership with Eugene Record, lead singer of the Chi-Lites; the two combined to write Have You Seen Her (#1 R&B, #3 Hot 100) (1971). Miss Acklin died of pneumonia as she was beginning to record a new album in an attempt to revive her career.

10 years ago
2008


Died on this date
V. P. Singh, 77
. Prime Minister of India, 1989-1990. Vishwanath Pratap Singh, a member of the Indian National Congress Party until 1987, was a member of the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh from 1969-1971 and was first elected to the Lak Sabha in 1971. He served as India's Finance Minister from 1984-1987 in the cabinet of Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, but resigned from the cabinet and the party in 1987. Mr. Singh founded and served as the first president of the opposition party Janata Dal, which joined in an opposition coalition known as the National Front. When the National Front formed the government after the 1989 general election, Mr. Singh served as Prime Minister and Defense Minister. Mr. Singh attempted to improve the lot of India's backward castes, but the coalition was defeated, and Mr. Singh left office after just 11 months as Prime Minister. His later political efforts were unsuccessful, and he died after a long battle with cancer.

Defense
The Iraqi parliament approved a pact requiring all U.S. troops to be out of the country by January 1, 2012.

Monday, 26 November 2018

November 26, 2018

730 years ago
1288


Born on this date
Go-Daigo
. Emperor of Japan, 1318-1339. Go-Daigo, born Takaharu-shinnō, acceded to the throne upon the abdication of his second cousin Emperor Hanazono. Go-Daigo overthrew the Kamagura shogunate in 1333 and established the Kenmu Restoration, which in turn was overthrown by the Ashikaga shogunate in 1336. He was the last Emperor to have real power until the Meiji Restoration in 1868. Go_Daigo died on September 19, 1339 at the age of 50, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Emperor Go-Murakami.

240 years ago
1778


Exploration
In the Hawaiian Islands, Captain James Cook became the first European to visit Maui.

130 years ago
1888


Born on this date
Ford Beebe
. U.S. movie director and screenwriter. Mr. Beebe wrote and/or directed more than 200 films, specializing in "B" Westerns and action serials, in a career spanning 60 years. He died on November 26, 1978, his 90th birthday.

100 years ago
1918


Born on this date
Patricio Aylwin Azócar
. 30th President of Chile, 1990-1994. Mr. Aylwin, a member of the Christian Democratic Party, was a Senator from 1965-1973, and was President of the Senate from 1971-1972. He opposed the administration of President Salvador Allende, and initially supported the military coup that toppled Mr. Allende in 1973, but supported Chile's return to democracy, and led the campaign that successfully defeated Augusto Pinochet's 1988 campaign for eight more years of power. Mr. Aylwin became Chile's first President to be elected after the country's return to democracy in 1989; as President, he initiated political and social reforms, and supported the Chilean National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation, which investigated crimes committed by the military regime. Mr. Aylwin died on April 19, 2016 at the age of 97.

Europeana
The Montenegran Podgorica Assembly voted for a "union of the people", declaring assimilation into the Kingdom of Serbia.

90 years ago
1928


Diplomacy
U.S. President-elect Herbert Hoover began his goodwill tour of Latin America with visits to Honduras and El Salvador.

Society
The Italian government of Duce Benito Mussolini restricted migration from farms to cities, and ordered many needy provincials in overcrowded centres to move back to the country. An extensive press and oratorical campaign to induce a serious "back to the country" movement had begun, and "Decrowd the crowded cities!" had become a national slogan.

Labour
In Bergamo, Italy, the local Industrialists' Association, in conjunction with the Workmen's Syndicates, decided to "exclude without pity or false humanitarian concepts, all those who belong to peasant families," when considering the employment of additional workmen in the factories there.

Disasters
Storms over western Europe and its coasts over the past four days had killed over 100 people and destroyed dikes and ships. Heavy seas broke dikes in the vicinity of Antwerp, Belgium, and torrents poured into the surrounding area. Broken dikes near Ostend and Ghent, Belgium caused floods in that area, with two villages under water. The death toll from the storm in the Netherlands was 24. Snow and rains in the Black Forest in southern Germany gave rise to Rhine River floods. Throughout France, and in the Rhine Valley, rains and wind caused damage to farms and cities.

80 years ago
1938


Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Rich Little!


The master impressionist was born in Ottawa, Ontario.

Football
IRFU
Finals
Toronto 5 @ Ottawa 3 (Toronto won 2-game total points series 14-4)

ORFU
Finals
Montreal 0 @ Sarnia 15 (Sarnia won 2-game total points series 24-5)

Annis Stukus kicked a 25-yard field goal in the 1st quarter and Bob Isbister punted for 2 singles later in the game as the Argonauts eliminated the Rough Riders before 13,000 fans at Lansdowne Park. The Ottawa points were scored in the 2nd half in unusual manners on kicking plays. Dave Sprague blocked one of Mr. Isbister's punts into the Toronto end zone in the 3rd quarter and the Argonauts recovered, giving Mr. Sprague a single. In the 4th quarter, Eddie Rocano's punt was fielded by Toronto's Art West in the field of play and he went back into his own end zone and was trapped for a safety touch.

The Imperials took a 13-0 lead in the 2nd quarter and coasted to victory over the Nationals before 4,000 fans in a snowstorm at Davis Field. The winning point came on the opening kickoff when Sarnia's Hugh "Bummer" Stirling returned the ball 80 yards to the Montreal 20-yard line and lateralled to Pat Parsons, who almost took it for a touchdown, but fumbled into the Montreal end zone, and Montreal's Jules Atcheson kicked it through the end zone for a single point. Mr. Stirling was ejected in the 2nd quarter--much to the displeasure of the fans--after the Imperials had built their big lead.

NCAA
Army 14 Navy 7 @ Municipal Stadium, Philadelphia

75 years ago
1943


Died on this date
Edward "Butch" O'Hare, 29
. U.S. aviator. Lieutenant Commander O'Hare became the United States Navy's first air ace on February 20, 1942 when he single-handedly attacked and shot down or disabled several Japanese bombers approaching his aircraft carrier. He was awarded the Medal of Honor two months later, becoming the USN's first recipient of the award. Lt. Cdr. O'Hare was killed when he was shot down by a Japanese torpedo bomber. In 1949, Orchard Depot Airport near Chicago was renamed O'Hare International Airport.

War
Bolivia declared war on the Axis and indicated her adherence to the Atlantic Charter. The Cairo Conference of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek ended with an Allied commitment to invade Burma in the near future, and at war's end to strip Japan of all Pacific islands occupied since 1914 and the territories "stolen" from China, such as the Pescadores, Formosa, and Manchuria. A detailed report by U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower on the conduct of General George Patton, read to the Senate, disclosed that Gen. Patton had "dealt roughly" with two hospitalized soldier victims of "battle anxiety" during the Sicilian campaign. Gen. Eisenhower described Gen. Patton's conduct as "unseemly and indefensible." U.S.S.R. forces captured Gomel in southern White Russia, the last German bastion east of the Dnieper River. Australian troops captured Satelberg, the last Japanese forward base in northeastern New Guinea. The British India Steam Navigation Company liner HMT Rohna was sunk by a Henschel Hs 293 guided glide bomb launched by a Luftwaffe aircraft in an air attack in the Mediterranean Sea north of Béjaïa, Algeria. Of the 1,138 men who were killed, 1,015 were U.S. personnel. The attack was the largest loss of U.S. troops at sea due to enemy action in a single incident. 819 survivors were rescued. The U.S. Navy announced that 745 Japanese ships of all types had been sunk since the December 7, 1941 Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

Diplomacy
The U.S. State Department approved recent French action to ease tension in Lebanon, and expressed sympathy for the independence aspirations of both Lebanon and Syria.

Law
The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Roosevelt a bill repealing the Chinese Exclusion Act.

Academia
The U.S. Office of Education reported that enrollment in colleges and other institutions of higher learning had declined 8% since 1942.

Economics and finance
U.S. Senator Hugh Butler (Republican--Nebraska) filed a report with the Senate on a trip he had made through 20 Latin American countries in which he charged that the U.S. government was "lavishing" more than $6 billion in "wasteful and unnecessary projects which are breeding hate, suspicion and contempt for this country."

United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration conference chairman Dean Acheson rejected an Indian request for aid, saying that the aid was for liberated countries only.

Labour
The regional office of the U.S. War Manpower Commission ordered a 48-hour work week in the Chicago area effective December 1, 1943.

Disasters
Earthquakes in Turkey killed 4,000 people and injured 3,000.

70 years ago
1948


War
Israeli-Egyptian armistice negotiations bogged down over United Nations mediator Ralph Bunche's demand for complete Israeli withdrawal from the Negev desert.

Politics and government
The Unity Commission of the Western European Union convened in Paris to discuss plans for a European federation; French National Assembly President Edouard Herriot was elected chairman.

Belgian Prime Minister Paul-Henri Spaak revived his Socialist-Social Christian coalition government.

The Irish Parliament passed the Republic of Ireland Bill, severing Ireland's tied with the British Crown.

The Chinese Legislative Assembly named Sun Fo, the son of Republic of China founder Sun Yat-sen, to succeed Wong Wen-hao as Premier, following the latter's resignation.

A U.S. federal court in Charlestown, South Carolina ruled that Negroes were entitled to belong to the state Democratic Party and vote in its primaries.

The U.S. House of Representatives Labor and Un-American Activities Committees dropped contempt of Congress charges against 50 witnesses who refused to testify if they were Communists.

Environment
The U.S.A. announced the ratification of a world whale conservation agreement with the U.S.S.R., U.K., S.A., Australia, Norway, and the Netherlands.

Business
Jack Benny sold his NBC radio program to CBS for a reported $2 million-$3 million.

Labour
The Congress of Industrial Organizations ended a five-day national convention in Portland, Oregon after re-electing Philip Murray as President and passing a resolution attacking the U.S.S.R. for its opposition to the Marshall Plan and veto "abuses" in the United Nations. Mr. Murray criticized leaders of leftist CIO affiliates, including the United Office and Professional Workers of America and the United Public Workers union, stating that he would "never permit Communist infiltration into the national CIO movement."

Boxing
The National Boxing Association followed the California State Athletic Commission in suspending former world middleweight champion Rocky Graziano for withdrawing from a fight with Fred Apostoli scheduled for December 1 in Oakland. Mr. Graziano claimed that he was "homesick" and "too mixed up mentally" to train properly.

Baseball
The Baseball Writers Association of America named Cleveland Indians' shortstop Lou Boudreau as the Most Valuable Player in the American League for 1948. Mr. Boudreau managed the Indians to the World Series championship, while batting .355 with 18 home runs and 108 runs batted in in 152 games.

60 years ago
1958


At the movies
From the Earth to the Moon, directed by Byron Haskin, and starring Joseph Cotten, George Sanders, and Debra Paget, opened in theatres in New York City.

Literature
Thomas and Geraldine Makris settled their libel suits against Peyton Place authoress Grace Metalious and her publisher, Julian Messner, out of court in Laconia, New Hampshire, by compromise agreements.

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State John Foster Dulles indicated that the United States had tempered its refusal to recognize East German authority in Berlin, and "might" permit the East German government to act as a Soviet "agent" in administering Western communications to Berlin.

Science
George de Hevesey, the Hungarian-born Swedish chemist who had won the Nobel Prize in 1943, was named the recipient of the $75,000 Atoms for Peace Award for pioneering the use of radioactive isotopes in research on plant and animal life.

Economics and finance
French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle and West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer agreed to oppose the United Kingdom's free trade zone proposal in favour of a looser "multilateral association" of Common Market members with Britain and other non-members.

50 years ago
1968


Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (6th week at #1)

Space
A new telescope, described as the third-largest in the world, was dedicated at McDonald Observatory in Texas.

War
South Vietnam ended its boycott, and agree to send a delegation to the peace talks in Paris. United States Air Force helicopter pilot James P. Fleming rescued an Army Special Forces unit pinned down by Viet Cong fire, earning the Medal of Honor.

Diplomacy
The United States and Romania signed a two-year cultural exchange agreement, calling for an exchange of undergraduate as well as graduate students for four-year study programs, and for exchange of television and radio coverage of public events.

Defense
France reduced its 1969 military budget by $80 million, and also postponed its nuclear tests in the South Pacific Ocean.

Society
The Race Relations Act 1968 came into force in the United Kingdom, making it illegal to refuse housing, employment or public services to people because of their ethnic background.

40 years ago
1978


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Substitute--Clout (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: You're the Greatest Love--Luv'

Died on this date
Ford Beebe, 90
. U.S. movie director and screenwriter.

Disasters
10 people were killed and 34 injured when fire swept through the Holiday Inn in Greece, New York; authoritis said the fire was caused by arson.

Hockey
NHL
Toronto 8 @ Pittsburgh 2

Football
CFL
Grey Cup @ Exhibition Stadium, Toronto
Edmonton 20 Montreal 13

Before 54,695 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto, the Edmonton Eskimos became the first western team to win a Grey Cup game played in the east since 1964 when they defeated the defending champion Montreal Alouettes 20-13. Dave Cutler led the Eskimos' scoring with 4 field goals in 5 attempts, a single, and a convert. Jim Germany scored the Eskimos' only touchdown on a 2-yard run at 10:53 of the first quarter. The score resulted from a fumble by Alouettes' running back David Green, recovered by the Eskimos. The drive was kept alive by a fake field goal, when holder Tom Wilkinson flipped a short pass to Tom Scott for a first down. With the Eskimos leading 17-3 near the end of the third quarter, a botched handoff from Mr. Wilkinson to Mr. Germany resulted in a fumble, recovered by the Alouettes. Quarterback Joe Barnes rushed 10 yards for a converted touchdown to get Montreal within striking distance. A Don Sweet field goal midway through the quarter cut the lead to 17-13, but the Alouettes were unable to complete the comeback. Veteran Sonny Wade relieved Mr. Barnes late in the game and drove the Alouettes to the Eskimos' 27-yard line in the final minute, but three passes fell incomplete. For Mr. Wade, who had quarterbacked the Alouettes to victory in Grey Cups in 1970, 1974, and 1977, it was his last game. For the Eskimos, it marked the beginning of a run of five straight Grey Cups. Mr. Wilkinson was named the game's outstanding offensive player, completing 16 of 26 passes for just 119 yards. Eskimos' defensive tackle was chosen as the outstanding defensive player. Angelo Santucci, who rushed 6 times for 26 yards and caught 5 passes for 25 in relief of the injured Don Warrington in the Eskimos' offensive backfield, won the Dick Suderman Memorial Trophy as the outstanding Canadian player. Rookie Eskimo quarterback Warren Moon came in for one play, and rushed for 3 yards on a third-down short-yardage gamble. George McGowan, one of the CFL's best receivers of the 1970s, was held to 1 catch for 4 yards in what turned out to be the last game he played in that counted. Although the 1978 Grey Cup, like most Edmonton-Montreal Grey Cups, was a dull game, it's interesting to watch the video of the game to see how much has changed since then. There were no painted faces in the crowd, and no one with a painted watermelon on his head. Broadcasters Don Chevrier and Don Wittman of CBC and Pat Marsden and Mike Wadsworth of CTV are now dead. The Grey Cup is no longer played in the afternoon. Exhibition Stadium no longer exists. Viewers with a keen knowledge of CFL rules will notice a play where Junior Ah You of the Alouettes got upset with Tom Scott when the Eskimos' receiver dove at Mr. Ah You's legs while the Alouettes' defensive end was blocking Willie Martin of the Eskimos. Today that would be a 15-yard penalty for a major foul--chop block. In 1978, that play was still legal. And David Boone's high hit on Joe Barnes, which knocked the Montreal quarterback out of the game, would draw an unnecessary roughness penalty today. In 1978, it didn't draw a penalty. The play occurred at the sidelines in front of the Alouettes' bench, but there was no protest. And I don't recall any media reports mentioning that as a key play in the game.



30 years ago
1988


Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Don't Want Your Love--Duran Duran (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Teardrops--Womack & Womack (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Teardrops--Womack & Womack (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Amor de mis amores--Paco (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): First Time--Robin Beck

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): First Time--Robin Beck (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bad Medicine--Bon Jovi (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bad Medicine--Bon Jovi
2 Desire--U2
3 Wild, Wild West--Escape Club
4 Kissing a Fool--George Michael
5 How Can I Fall?--Breathe
6 Baby, I Love Your Way/Freebird Medley (Free Baby)--Will to Power
7 Look Away--Chicago
8 I Don't Want Your Love--Duran Duran
9 The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue
10 Walk on Water--Eddie Money

Singles entering the chart were Holding On by Steve Winwood (#54); Born to Be My Baby by Bon Jovi (#66); As Long as You Follow by Fleetwood Mac (#72); Walking Away by Information Society (#78); Kiss by The Art of Noise featuring Tom Jones (#87); My Song by Glass Tiger (#89); and Cross My Heart by Eighth Wonder (#90).

Diplomacy
U.S. Secretary of State George Shultz denied Palestine Liberation Organization leader Yasser Arafat permission to travel to New York to address the United Nations General Assembly because of his "association with terrorism."

Law
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet declared illegal the November 16 declaration by Estonia's Supreme Soviet that it had the right to veto national legislation affecting Estonia.

Religion
This blogger and fellow observer Chris Milner attended a performance by disgraced televangelist Peter Popoff at the Chateau Lacombe hotel in Edmonton. Mr. Popoff claimed that he had prayed that a recently-deceased man who was being transported for burial would be raised to life. According to Mr. Popoff, the man woke up in the hearse, and the driver of the hearse, a backslidden Pentecostal preacher, promptly pulled the car over, got down on his knees, and rededicated himself to the Lord. I found that story very hard to believe.

20 years ago
1998


Diplomacy
Tony Blair became the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom to address the Oireachtas, the parliament of the Republic of Ireland.

Politics and government
Northwest Territories Premier Don Morin was forced out of office after conflict of interest allegations over the illegal shipment of government owned bison to a friend, Mike Mrdjenovich, in 1996; Mr. Mrdjenovich received 70 wood bison for his ranch in Alberta in exchange for building the Edjericon Bison Ranch in Fort Resolution, a community in Mr. Morin's riding.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that authorities at elementary and secondary schools have the right to search a student without first obtaining a search warrant.

Disasters
A rail disaster took 212 lives in Khanna, Ludhiana, India.

10 years ago
2008


Terrorism
Lashkar-e-Taiba terrorists launched commando-style attacks on two luxury hotels, a Jewish centre, and a crowded train station in Mumbai, India, killing 166 people.