Monday, 19 November 2018

November 19, 2018

525 years ago

Christopher Columbus went ashore on an island he first saw the day before, naming it San Juan Bautista (later renamed Puerto Rico).

120 years ago

Dominion Final @ Toronto
Ottawa 7 University of Toronto 3

100 years ago

Died on this date
Joseph Fielding Smith, Sr., 80
. U.S. religious leader. Mr. Smith, a nephew of Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints founder Joseph Smith, was President of the church from 1901 until his death. He had five wives and fathered 45 children, although he officially opposed polygamy because he believed it was more important for Utah to achieve statehood within the U.S.A. Mr. Smith died of pneumonia resulting from pleurisy, six days after his 80th birthday. He was succeeded as Latter-day Saints President by Heber J. Grant. Mr. Smith's son Joseph Fielding Smith, Jr. served as President of the Mormon Church from 1970-1972.

The Canadian cabinet of Prime Minister Robert Borden passed an order to amalgamate all government-owned railroads, marking the origin of Canadian National Railways.

90 years ago

U.S. President-elect Herbert Hoover departed San Pedro Harbor in California aboard the battleship USS Maryland to begin a goodwill tour of Latin America.

The first air mail from Europe to Chile arrived at Santiago after 9 hours 20 minutes.

In upholding the New York State Anti-Ku Klux Klan Act, the U.S. Supreme Court stated that there could be no doubt that "the State may prescribe and apply to association having an oath-bound membership any reasonable regulation calculated to confine their purposes and activities within limits which were consistent with the rights of others and the public welfare."

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled invalid an act of the Pennsylvania Legislature which provided that every drug store could be owned only by a licensed pharmacist and, in the case of firms, required that all the members should be licensed pharmacists. The decision was of special interest to chain stores.

80 years ago

Ottawa 1 @ Toronto 9 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Sarnia 9 @ Montreal 5 (First game of 2-game total points series)

The Argonauts scored all their points in the 4th quarter to defeat the Rough Riders before 20,000 fans at Varsity Stadium. Annis Stukus kicked a 25-yard field goal to get Toronto on the scoreboard, and then his younger brother Bill completed a 15-yard touchdown pass to Doug MacPherson, which Bill Stukus converted.

Ray Mullin kicked a field goal and 2 singles off missed field goals to give the Nationals a 5-0 lead at Alexandria Park, but the Imperials rallied for 9 straight points to win. Hugh "Bummer" Stirling punted for 2 singles in the 2nd quarter to make the score 5-2 at halftime. Mr. Stirling returned the 2nd half kickoff 65 yards, which didn't directly lead to a score, but affected the battle of field position. Jimmy Shanks rushed 1 yard for the game's only touchdown in the 3rd quarter; Mr. Stirling converted, and punted for a single in the 4th quarter.

Canadian university
Western Ontario 0 @ McGill 9

Herbie Westman kicked all the points as the Redmen shut out the Mustangs before 13,000 fans at Molson Stadium in Montreal in a sudden-death playoff for the intercollegiate championship.

75 years ago

The greatest force of U.K. Royal Air Force heavy bombers yet used, estimated at nearly 1,000, bombed Berlin and Ludwigshafen. In the first major setback for U.S.S.R. forces in four months, the Red Army abandoned Zhitomir in the face of an overwhelming German force. British forces in Italy gained 4-5 miles on the Sangro River front and captured Perano, 12 miles inland from the Adriatic Sea. U.S. aircraft continued their assault on Japanese positions in the Marshall and Gilbert Islands.

Nazis liquidated Janowska concentration camp in Lemberg (Lviv), western Ukraine, murdering at least 6,000 Jews after a failed uprising and mass escape attempt.

John da Silva Purvis, convicted of spying for the Axis, was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment on each of two counts, with the terms to run concurrently.

Beau Jack (56-8-2) regained the New York State Athletic Commission version of the world lightweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Bob Montgomery (55-7-3) before 17,466 fans at Madison Square Garden in New York. Mr. Montgomery had won the title from Mr. Jack with a 15-round unanimous decision six months earlier.

70 years ago

United Nations mediator Ralph Bunche accepted Israel's offer to withdraw some troops from the Negev desert, while Egypt agreed to establish contact with Israeli negotiators through the UN truce mission. The UN General Assembly established a $30-million fund to aid Palestine war refugees.

The United Nations General Assembly made its final disarmament decision by adopting a Belgian plan for renewal of work by the Committee on Conventional Armaments, rejecting the Soviet proposal for prohibition of atomic weapons and one-third of the great powers' conventional arms.

Politics and government
The Belgian cabinet of Prime Minister Paul-Henri Spaak resigned when Justice Minister Paul Struye was attacked for commuting the death sentences of two Belgian war criminals.

The United Nations Trusteeship Commission urged the General Assembly to insist that South Africa submit a trusteeship plan for the League of Nations mandate territory in South-West Africa.

World events
King Farouk of Egypt and Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi of Iran both announced that they had divorced their wives for failing to bear male heirs.

The first microwave link from Prince Edward Island to the Canadian mainland opened; it was the world's first microwave for commercial and voice transmission.

Economics and finance
U.S. and U.K. military governors in Germany dropped most licensing restrictions on German businessmen. France signed the first combined trade agreement with the western zone of Germany, providing for a $300-million exchange of industrial goods and raw materials.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Nat Simon, 25
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Simon, a lightweight, began his professional career in 1957 and posted a record of 5-4. On November 18, 1958, he collapsed at the end of the 9th round of a scheduled 10-round bout against Danny Davis in Sioux City, Iowa, and never regained consciousness, dying two weeks after his 25th birthday.

United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold ordered the disbandment of the UN Observation Group in Lebanon.

U.S. Defense Secretary Neil McElroy ordered the three services to cut military manpower by 71,282, to bring overall strength down to 2.525 million by mid-1959.

Delegates from the U.S.S.R., U.K., Norway, the Netherlands, and Japan met in London for an International Whaling Conference to revise national quotas on Antarctic whaling.

Edmonton 30 @ Winnipeg 7 (Best-of-three series tied 1-1)

Don Getty threw 2 touchdown passes to Rollie Miles as the Eskimos outscored the Blue Bombers 23-0 in the 2nd half before 16,000 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Edmonton fullback Normie Kwong opened the scoring in the 1st quarter with an unconverted touchdown, and Jim Letcavits punted for a single to make it 7-0. The Blue Bombers tied the game on a 19-yard touchdown rush by Leo Lewis, unconverted, and a punt single by Charlie Shepard. Momentum shifted after a Winnipeg fumble inside the Edmonton 10-yard line early in the 2nd half, and the Eskimos took a 16-7 lead after 3 quarters on a field goal by Joe Mobra and the first of Mr. Miles' touchdowns. Mr. Miles and Johnny Bright scored touchdowns in the 4th quarter, both converted by Mr. Mobra. Mr. Shepard kept the Blue Bombers in the game in by averaging 46 yards per punt.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (5th week at #1)

The United Nations General Assembly voted 58-44 with 23 abstentions against a resolution to admit Communist China to membership and expel Nationalist China.

World events
A bloodless coup by junior army officers in Mali, led by Captain Yoro Diakite, unseated President Modibo Keita, who had ruled the country since its independence in 1960, and arrested him. According to reports, the officers feared Mr. Keita's socialist economic policies and the growing strength of the people's militia.

The American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations United Federation of Teachers ended the last of three successive strikes that had kept most of the city's 55,000 teachers and 1.1 million pupils out of classes for 36 of the first 48 days of the fall term. The strikes were the first major confrontation in the U.S.A. over the issue of decentralization of a large school system.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Substitute--Clout (2nd week at #1)

World events
The Iranian government released 210 political prisoners.

An Indian military transport plane carrying soldiers home on leave crashed while attempting to land at Leh airport in Kashmir, killing 78.

Eastern Final
Montreal 21 @ Ottawa 16

Quarterback Joe Barnes rushed for touchdowns of 10 and 1 yards and Don Sweet added 2 converts, 2 field goals, and a single to help the defending Grey Cup champion Alouettes defeat the Rough Riders before 31,960 fans at Lansdowne Park. Richard Holmes rushed 2 yards for the first Ottawa touchdown in the 2nd quarter and Mike Murphy rushed 3 yards for the other Ottawa TD with 31 seconds remaining in the game, but a 2-point convert was unsuccessful, and so was the subsequent short kickoff by Brian Hedges. Rookie kicker J.T. Hay converted the first Ottawa touchdown, but missed all 3 of his field goal attempts, which went for single points. Mr. Hay was one of numerous Rough Riders playing his last game in an Ottawa uniform; another was quarterback Tom Clements, who completed 23 of 34 passes for 294 yards. It was the only game that counted in an Ottawa uniform for guard Granville Liggins, who had been activated for the game in place of injured regular Frank Pomarico.

Buffalo (3-9) 10 @ Tampa Bay (5-7) 31
Cleveland (6-6) 45 @ Baltimore 28
Philadelphia (7-5) 19 @ New York Giants 17
New England (9-3) 19 @ New York Jets 17
St. Louis (4-8) 27 @ Washington (8-4) 17
Cincinnati (1-11) 6 @ Pittsburgh (10-2) 7
San Diego (6-6) 13 @ Minnesota (7-5) 7
New Orleans (5-7) 7 @ Dallas (8-4) 27
Atlanta (7-5) 7 @ Chicago (4-8) 13
Seattle (6-6) 13 @ Kansas City 10
Green Bay (7-5) 3 @ Denver (8-4) 16
Detroit 17 @ Oakland (8-4) 29
Los Angeles (10-2) 31 @ San Francisco (1-11) 28

Giants' quarterback Joe Pisarcik needed only to put his knee to the ground to secure a 17-12 victory over the Eagles with 20 seconds left in regulation time at Giants Stadium, but he tried a handoff to Larry Csonka and fumbled. Philadelphia defensive back Herman Edwards scooped up the ball and raced 26 yards for a touchdown in the most embarrassing loss in Giants' history.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I Don't Want Your Love--Duran Duran (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Teardrops--Womack & Womack (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Teardrops--Womack & Womack (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Amor de mis amores--Paco (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stand Up for Your Love Rights--Yazz and the Plastic Population

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): First Time--Robin Beck

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Bad Medicine--Bon Jovi

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Wild, Wild West--Escape Club
2 Bad Medicine--Bon Jovi
3 Desire--U2
4 Kokomo--The Beach Boys
5 Kissing a Fool--George Michael
6 How Can I Fall?--Breathe
7 Baby, I Love Your Way/Freebird Medley (Free Baby)--Will to Power
8 The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue
9 Look Away--Chicago
10 I Don't Want Your Love--Duran Duran

Singles entering the chart were Two Hearts by Phil Collins (#45); Armageddon It by Def Leppard (#65); When the Children Cry by White Lion (#80); New Day for You by Basia (#84); Killing Me Softly by Al B. Sure! (#88); Some Come Running by Jim Capaldi (#89); and You Got It (The Right Stuff) by New Kids on the Block (#91). Two Hearts was from the movie Buster (1988).

Vanier Cup @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Calgary 52 St. Mary's 23

St. Mary's starting quarterback Chris Flynn was unable to play because of a head injury incurred in the previous week's Atlantic Bowl win, so receiver Bill Scollard, with only 12 minutes of experience at quarterback, played in his place. Mr. Scollard amassed 296 yards passing on a Vanier Cup-record 27 completions, but in the 4th quarter, the Dinosaurs took advantage of his inexperience when Dave Heaton intercepted one of his passes and set a Vanier Cup record with a 75-yard return for a touchdown. Calgary quarterback Bob Torrance led his team to victory in the 21st and last Vanier Cup ever played at Varsity Stadium.

25 years ago

The Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) summit opened in Seattle, attended by delegates from 15 Pacific Rim nations and the leaders of the governments of 12 nations. U.S. President Bill Clinton met with Chinese President Jiang Zemin for the first time, and Mr. Clinton told Mr. Jiang that because of concerns about human rights abuses in China, that the U.S. might not extend most-favored-nation trading status with China beyond June 1994.

Ed Rollins, manager of Republican Party candidate Christine Todd Whitman's successful New Jersey gubernatorial campaign, said in a deposition that his November 9 statement that he had paid out $500,000 to Negro clergymen and Democratic Party workers to suppress Negro voter turnout was a fabrication, created as his way of getting a dig at rival campaign manager James Carville. Ms. Whitman had won the November 2 election by just 26,000 votes over incumbent Governor Jim Florio, a Democrat.

Vincent van Gogh's Portrait of the Artist Without Beard sold at auction for U.S.$71.5 million.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Alan J. Pakula, 70
. U.S. movie producer, director, and writer. Mr. Pakula was nominated for Academy Awards as producer (To Kill a Mockingbird, 1962); director (All the President's Men, 1976); and writer, for adapted screenplay (Sophie's Choice, 1982). His other films as director included The Sterile Cuckoo (1969); Klute (1971); and The Parallax View (1974). Mr. Pakula was killed instantly in a car accident on the Long Island Expressway in Melville, New York when a driver in front of him hit a metal pipe which went through Mr. Pakula's windshield and hit him in the head, causing him to swerve off the road and strike a fence.

The United States House of Representatives Judiciary Committee began impeachment hearings against U.S. President Bill Clinton, as Independent Counsel Kenneth Starr laid out his evidence during a day-long appearance.

The Canadian Football League player award winners were named at a ceremony at Manitoba Centennial Concert Hall in Winnipeg. The winners were: Most Outstanding Player--Mike Pringle, Montreal; Canadian--Mike Morreale, Hamilton; Defensive Player--Joe Montford, Hamilton; Offensive Lineman--Fred Childress, Calgary; Rookie--Steve Muhammad, British Columbia.

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