Saturday, 10 November 2018

November 10, 2018

725 years ago

Raden Wijaya was crowned as the first monarch of Majapahit kingdom of Java, taking the throne name Kertarajasa Jayawardhana.

350 years ago

Born on this date
François Couperin
. French composer. Mr. Couperin, a member of a renowned musical family, was an organist and harpsichordist, and wrote numerous works for both instruments, in addition to composing vocal music. He died on September 11, 1733 at the age of 64.

225 years ago

The Fête de la Raison was proclaimed in France. The celebration of atheism was supervised by revolutionaries Jacques Hébert and Antoine-François Momoro, transforming churches into Temples of Reason, with reported incidents of licentiousness and debauchery.

210 years ago

Died on this date
Guy Carleton, 1st Baron Dorchester, 84
. Governor General of British North America, 1786-1796. As Governor of Quebec from 1768-1778, Lord Dorchester led the British defense of Quebec during the American War of Independence, freeing slaves who joined the British forces, and overseeing the evacuation of Loyalists from New York. He was appointed Governor General of British North America in 1786, but his authority was mainly effective only in Quebec. Lord Dorchester returned to England in 1796; many places in Canada are named Carleton or Dorchester in his honour.

180 years ago

Governor General Sir John Colborne arrived at Napierville, Lower Canada with 8,000 soldiers to meet the rebellion of the Frères chasseurs (Hunters Lodges).

150 years ago

Economics and finance
The Saint John-based Commercial Bank of New Brunswick failed.

130 years ago

Hamilton 1 @ Ottawa College 10

125 years ago

Born on this date
John P. Marquand
. U.S. author. Mr. Marquand wrote six spy novels featuring the character Mr. Moto (1935-1957), but was perhaps better known for writing about the New England upper class in novels such as The Late George Apley (1937) and H.M. Pulham, Esquire (1940). Mr. Marquand died of a heart attack in his sleep at the age of 66 on July 16, 1960.

120 years ago

A trilateral High Commission meeting in Washington failed to settle the Alaska Boundary Question.

World events
A mob of 2,000 white supremacists seized power in Wilmington, North Carolina, overthrowing the city's Fusionist government in the only instance of a municipal coup d'état in United States history. The number of Negroes killed was estimated at 60-300.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Charles Merritt
. Canadian military officer and politician. Lieutenant Colonel Merritt, a native of Vancouver, commanded the Canadian Army's South Saskatchewan Regiment in the August 19, 1942 raid on Dieppe, and was captured, but not before displaying courage that earned him the Victoria Cross. Lt. Col. Merritt spent the rest of the war as a prisoner; upon returning to Canada, he entered politics, and, as a Progressive Conservative, represented Vancouver-Burrard in the Canadian House of Commons from 1945-1949. Mr. Merritt then practiced law, and died in Vancouver on July 12, 2000 at the age of 91.

The Gideons International, an organization founded by Christian laymen in 1899, placed their first Bible in a room at the Superior Hotel in Iron Mountain, Montana.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Ernst Otto Fischer.
German chemist. Dr. Fischer shared the 1973 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Geoffrey Wilkinson "for their pioneering work, performed independently, on the chemistry of the organometallic, so called sandwich compounds." Dr. Fischer died on July 23, 2007 at the age of 88.

The Western Union Cable Office in North Sydney, Nova Scotia received a top-secret coded message from Europe (that would be sent to Ottawa and Washington, D.C.) saying that on November 11, 1918, all fighting would cease on land, sea and in the air.

World events
The day after abdicating the throne, Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany departed into exile in the Netherlands. He was forced to wear civilian clothes, and suffered the indignity of having to produce the proper documents before he was allowed to cross the border.

90 years ago

Emperor Hirohito and Empress Nagako were enthroned at the Shunykoden (permanent throne hall) in the Imperial Palace in Kyoto in a ceremony broadcast nationwide on radio. Prime Minister Giichi Tanaka led the assemblage in three "banzais"--cheers for 10,000 years.

Montreal (3-3) 8 @ Toronto (1-4-1) 1
Ottawa (1-4-1) 1 @ Hamilton (6-0) 34

Beano Wright drop-kicked a 30-yard field goal in the 3rd quarter and Mr. Bennett scored a touchdown in the 4th quarter as the Winged Wheelers defeated the Argonauts at Varsity Stadium. Frank Turville punted for a single in the 1st quarter to give Toronto a 1-0 lead.

Pep Leadley kicked 3 field goals for the Tigers in their rout of the Senators at the Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds. It was the last game played by the Ottawa team as the Senators, as they reverted to their previous name of Rough Riders in 1929. The game began a 25-game losing streak for Ottawa; they didn't win again until the season opener in 1933.

Regina 32 @ Calgary 0

The Roughriders scored 5 touchdowns, with Mr. Erskine adding 3 converts, as they routed the Tigers at Hillhurst Park.

Canadian university
Toronto 9 @ McGill 14

A record crowd of 15, 480 fans at Molson Stadium saw McGill defeat U of T to clinch the championship.

Alberta (3-0) 12 @ Saskatchewan (1-3) 6

Mickey Timothy rushed 60 yards for a touchdown in the 1st quarter, and Freddie Hess rushed 20 yards for a touchdown after faking a kick late in the 3rd quarter to help the U of A defeat the U of S at Cairns Field in Saskatoon to clinch the Hardy Cup championship. Mr. Hess punted for a single for the only point of the 4th quarter. Mr. Riches scored the only Saskatchewan touchdown late in the 2nd quarter when he intercepted a lateral pass from Mr. Hess intended for Mr. Hill.

Notre Dame 12 Army 6 @ Yankee Stadium, New York

Johnny Niemiec completed a 32-yard touchdown pass to Johnny O'Brien in the 4th quarter to break a 6-6 tie as the Fighting Irish overcame a 6-0 3rd-quarter deficit to defeat the Cadets before 85,000 fans. Mr. O'Brien's touchdown was his only play of the game, which ended with Army in possession of the ball on the Notre Dame 1-yard line. With the score tied 0-0 at halftime, Notre Dame coach Knute Rockne urged the team to win the game in memory of halfback George Gipp, who had died of pneumonia eight years earlier, and who, on his deathbed, had asked coach Rockne to one day ask the team to win one for the "Gipper."

80 years ago

Died on this date
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, 57
. Prime Minister of Turkey, 1920-1921; 1st President of Turkey, 1923-1938. Mr. Kemal, born Ali Rıza oğlu Mustafa, came to prominence as a field marshal in World War I, helping to defeat Allied forces in the Battle of Gallipoli in 1915. After the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire following the war, Mr. Kemal led the Turkish National Movement, which succeeded in defeating Allied armies in the Turkish War of Independence and establishing a secular republic. His government initiated reforms in numerous areas of Turkish society, and he was granted the surname Atatürk--"Father of the Turks"--by the Turkish Parliament in 1934. Mr. Atatürk died of cirrhosis of the liver while still in office, and was succeeded as President by İsmet İnönü.

Kate Smith first sang Irving Berlin's song God Bless America on U.S. network radio.

75 years ago

The Soviet drive west of Kiev moved quickly, with the taking of more than 60 localities in a 70-mile arc around the Ukrainian capital.

A survey by United Nations agencies in London reported that 21,567,203 persons in Europe were homeless or "displaced."

Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives passed the bill adopted by the Senate extending the terms of office for President Manuel Quezon and Vice President Sergio Osmeña of the Philippine government-in-exile until the islands were freed of Japanese control.

U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee Chairman Robert Reynolds (Democrat--North Carolina) announced that he would not run for re-election in 1944.

70 years ago

World events
The Chinese Nationalist government placed Nanking and Shanghai under martial law as Communist forces threatened the nearby rail junction of Suchow.

German authorities arrested Hjalmar Schacht near Hamburg for retrial on charges of collaborating with the Nazi government, after an appeals court reversed his earlier acquittal.

Politics and government
Democratic Party leaders in the U.S. House of Representatives announced plans to kill the House Un-American Activities Committee and supplant it with a Committee on Civil Liberties.

Economics and finance
U.S. and U.K. military governors in Germany issued a decree giving control over Ruhr heavy industry to a German board of trustees pending election of a German government able to determine
ultimate ownership of the area's industry. France immediately protested renewed German authority in the Ruhr.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission authorized a stock issue permit for the Israel Corporation of America, formed in New York to raise money for housing construction in Israel.

New York dockworkers refused to ratify a contract negotiated by the International Longshoremen's Association, and began an unauthorized walkout.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio (3rd week at #1)
2 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
3 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
4 Queen of the Hop--Bobby Darin
5 I Got Stung/One Night--Elvis Presley
6 The End--Earl Grant
7 The Day the Rains Came--Jane Morgan
--Raymond Lefevre and his Orchestra
8 Mexican Hat Rock--The Applejacks
9 To Know Him is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
10 I Got a Feeling/Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson

Singles entering the chart were Problems by the Everly Brothers (#39); Bimbombey by Jimmie Rodgers (#45); I Want to Be Happy Cha Cha by the Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington (#46); Come Prima, with versions by Polly Bergen, and Marino Marini (#52); Goodnight by the Elegants (#57); A House, a Car and a Wedding Ring, with versions by Dale Hawkins, and Mike Preston (#58); Whole Lotta Lovin' by Fats Domino (#59); and Gotta Travel On by Billy Grammer (#60).

The U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration sought bids for the construction of a space capsule that would be capable of sustaining a man for up to 28 hours.

World events
A Baghdad military tribunal condemned to death former Iraqi Prime Minister Fahdil al-Jamali and two former military leaders for alleged conspiracy to organize a Western-backed coup in Iraq.

U.K. authorities in Cyprus barred 4,000 Greek Cypriot employees from British military bases following the killing of two Royal Air Force men in a canteen bombing at Nicosia airport.

The 1958 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded to Rev. Dominique Pire of Belgium, a Dominican Roman Catholic priest who founded the charitable organization Aid to Displaced Persons.

The U.S. Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals ordered the Little Rock School Board to take affirmative steps to integrate the city's high schools under a long-delayed court-approved plan.

Popular culture
New York jeweller Harry Winston donated the Hope Diamond, valued at $1.5 million, to the Smithsonian Institution in Washington.

Donald Campbell set a world water speed record of 248.62 miles per hour in his jet-propelled Bluebird K7 at Coniston Water, England.

50 years ago

The U.S.S.R. launched the lunar flyby probe Zond 6 from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

13 people were killed and 57 injured in the explosion of a fuel tank in Illiolo, Philippines.

14 people were killed when a bus plunged into a river near Sotik, Kenya.

Chartchai Chionoi (48-11-2) retained his World Boxing Council world flyweight title with a 15-round unanimous decision over Bernabe Villacampo (20-8-3) at Carusathiars Stadium in Bangkok.

Western Semi-Final
Edmonton 13 @ Calgary 29

Dave Cranmer rushed 19 times for 127 yards and a touchdown to help the Stampeders defeat the Eskimos before 23,380 fans at McMahon Stadium. The only Edmonton touchdown came on a 63-yard pass from Frank Cosentino to Randy Kerbow, whose final game this was. Peter Kempf, also in his final game that counted, converted and added 2 field goals. It was the last game for Mr. Cosentino in an Edmonton uniform; he was traded to the Toronto Argonauts after the season.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're the Greatest Lover--Luv'

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (9th week at #1)

Western Bowl @ Empire Stadium, Vancouver
Wilfrid Laurier 16 @ British Columbia 25

Gord Penn rushed for 145 yards and a touchdown, and John Mackay rushed for another 78 yards, while Dan Smith completed 15 of 22 passes for 159 yards and a touchdown to Chris Davies to help the Thunderbirds come back from a 15-10 halftime deficit to defeat the Golden Hawks before 5,000 fans. Dave Negrin rushed 1 yard for the other UBC touchdown. Bernie Pickett scored the first Wilfrid Laurier touchdown when he recovered an opposition fumble in the B.C. end zone, and Jim Reid rushed 1 yard for the other WLU TD.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Love, Truth and Honesty--Bananarama

Politics and government
U.S.S.R. leaders said they would take new initiatives to broaden autonomy at the regional level.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had held steady in October.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)

The U.S. House of Representatives voted to pass the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act, which would require a waiting period for approval of the purchase of a handgun. The "Brady Bill" was named after former White House press secretary James Brady, who had been critically wounded in the March 30, 1981 assassination attempt against President Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley.

New Jersey Governor-elect Christine Todd Whitman denied the previous day's claim by Ed Rollins, her campaign manager, that he had paid out $500,000 to Negro clergymen and Democratic party workers to suppress Negro voter turnout in the November 2 election in which Ms. Whitman, the Republican party candidate, had defeated incumbent Governor Jim Florio, a Democrat, by just 26,000 votes. Ms. Whitman released a statement by Mr. Rollins in which he called his previous comments "an exaggeration that turned out to be inaccurate."

20 years ago

Died on this date
Hal Newhouser, 77
. U.S. baseball pitcher. "Prince Hal" played with the Detroit Tigers (1939-1953) and Cleveland Indians (1954-1955), compiling a record of 207-150 with an earned run average of 3.06 in 488 games. He led the American League in wins four times, in earned run average twice, and in strikeouts twice, and was named the AL's Most Valuable Player in 1944 and 1945. Mr. Newhouser helpd the Tigers win the AL pennant in 1940 and was 2-1 in the 1945 World Series, which the Tigers won in seven games over the Chicago Cubs. He was a relief pitcher with the Indians when they won the AL pennant in 1954, and pitched in one game of their four-game loss to the New York Giants. Mr. Newhouser batted .201 with 2 home runs and 81 runs batted in in 492 games. He scouted for several major league teams for many years, was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1992, and died of emphysema and heart problems.

Mary Millar, 62. U.K. actress. Miss Millar, whose real name was Irene Mary Wetton, was best known for playing Rose in the television comedy series Keeping Up Appearances (1991-1995). She died of ovarian cancer.

10 years ago

Over five months after landing on Mars, NASA declared the Phoenix mission concluded after communications with the lander were lost.

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