Saturday, 24 November 2018

November 24, 2018

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Fermina Martinez!

770 years ago

A mass on the north side of Mont Granier in France suddenly collapsed in the middle of the night, in one of the largest historical rockslope failures known in Europe.

660 years ago

Peter I acceded to the throne of Cyprus after the abdication of his father King Hugh IV

225 years ago

Died on this date
Clément Charles François de Laverdy, 70
. French politician. Mr. Laverdy was France's Controller-General of Finances from 1763 until his sudden dismissal in 1768. He used whatever means necessary to replenish the treasury, attempted to suppress criticism of his performance, and was accused of having profited from commerce in wheat. Mr. Laverdy was involved in charges against the financiers of the Ancien Régime, and was guillotined after being convicted by a Revolutionary Tribunal.

180 years ago

Lower Canada Governor John Colborne declared a new martial law, and 855 people were arrested in Lower Canada.

175 years ago

Politics and government
In Montreal, Canadian government leaders Robert Baldwin and Louis-H. La Fontaine, fighting for responsible government, demanded that Governor General Charles Metcalfe make no government appointments without consulting them. He refused, and all the Ministry except Dominick Daly resigned.

170 years ago

Died on this date
William Lamb, 2nd Viscount Melbourne, 69
. Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, 1834, 1835-1841. Mr. Lamb, a Whig, sat in the House of Commons for most of the period of 1806-1828 before succeeding his father as Viscount Melbourne and moving to the House of Lords. He served as Chief Secretary for Ireland (1827-1828) and Home Secretary (1830-1834) before succeeding Earl Grey as Prime Minister. King William IV opposed Viscount Melbourne's reforming ways, and dismissed him, becoming the last British monarch to dismiss a Prime Minister. Viscount Melbourne returned to power after the Whigs won the 1835 general election; his time as Prime Minister wasn't characterized by various legal reforms, including reform of the Poor Laws. Viscount Melbourne's government fell after losing a non-confidence vote in August 1841, and he remained as Leader of the Opposition for 14 months, retiring after suffering a stroke. Viscount Melbourne was known for leading a scandalous private life, and being a close friend and adviser to Queen Victoria before her marriage to Prince Albert. The city of Melbourne, Australia was named in his honour.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Charles F. Hurley
. U.S. politician. Mr. Hurley, a Democrat, was Governor of Massachusetts from 1937-1939. He turned away from the ethnic spoils system and instituted some liberal reforms, which upset residents of both old Yankee ancestry and Irish Catholic ancestry. Mr. Hurley lost the 1938 Democratic gubernatorial nomination to former Governor James Curley. Mr. Hurley died on March 24, 1946 at the age of 52.

90 years ago

At the movies
West of Zanzibar, produced and directed by Tod Browning, and starring Lon Chaney, Lionel Barrymore, Mary Nolan, and Warner Baxter, opened in theatres.

The Chinese Nationalist government ordered that the calendar be changed from lunar (13 months in a year) to solar (12 months in a year).

Eastern Final
University of Toronto II 5 @ Hamilton Tigers 28

Mr. Gibbs scored a touchdown in the 2nd quarter and Messrs. Denman, Baker, and Broadway scored touchdowns in the 4th quarter to help the Tigers defeat the "Orfuns" at the Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds. Pep Leadley kicked a field goal for Hamilton in the 2nd quarter, and Huck Welch added 5 singles. For the second straight game, Jack Sinclair scored all the U of T points, with a field goal and 2 singles.

Canadian university
Alberta 13 @ British Columbia 6 (Second game of 2-game series)

Cokey Shields took a lateral from Mr. Gittus and rushed 45 yards for a touchdown to give UBC a 6-2 lead in the 3rd quarter, but he lost 2 fumbles, both of which were returned for touchdowns, as U of A won their second straight game, before 3,000 fans at Athletic Park in Vancouver. Mr. Shields fumbled the kickoff after his touchdown (the team that allowed the touchdown then kicked off in those days), and fumbled into the arms of Bill Siebert, who returned it for a touchdown to give Alberta a 7-6 lead. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Shields fumbled again, and Mickey Timothy returned it 30 yards for a touchdown, ending the scoring. U of A outscored UBC 33-17 over the two games.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Doris Miller, 24
. U.S. sailor. U.S. Navy Messman Third Class--later Cook Third Class--Miller was awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Japanese attack on the U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941, when he fired an anti-aircraft gun despite having never used such a weapon before, and moved wounded sailors out of danger, saving many lives. He became the first Negro to be awarded the Navy Cross, and was killed when USS Liscome Bay was sunk by a torpedo.

The U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee voted to ask War Secretary Henry Stimson for a full report of the incident involving General George Patton's slapping of a hospitalized soldier. Following the American capture of Makin Atoll, USS Liscome Bay was sunk by a torpedo from Japanese submarine I-175, killing 644.

The U.S. Senate Naval Affairs Committee approved a $5.3-billion naval construction program for 2.5 million tons of auxiliary vessels and one million tons of landing craft.

Economics and finance
Brazilian President Getulio Vargas ordered the seizure of the Farm Mortgage Bank, following reports that it was under German control.

The U.S. Office of Price Administration increased the maximum prices of anthracite by 35c-70c per ton to meet increased labour costs.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Anna Jarvis, 84
. U.S. social activist. Miss Jarvis worked at various jobs, but was known for her effort to establish a day in honour of mothers. She was successful, as the first Mother's Day observance was held at her church in Grafton, West Virginia in 1908. Miss Jarvis eventually became disenchanted with the commercialization of Mother's Day, and in 1943 began an effort to have the day rescinded. She never married or became a mother herself.

The United Nations truce mission in Palestine announced a provisional Arab-Jewish truce line for the Bethlehem area.

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan General Douglas MacArthur upheld the sentences passed on all 25 defendants at the Tokyo trials of those convicted of war crimes during World War II.

World events
A military coup ousted liberal Venezuelan President Romulo Gallegos. He was replaced by a three-man military junta led by former Defense Minister Colonel Carlos Delgado Chelbaud.

Economics and finance
U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall sought to assuage French objections to U.S. and U.K. policy in the Ruhr by inviting France to participate in bizonal boards supervising German coal and steel production.

Eastman Kodak, in a consent decree issued by a U.S. federal court in Los Angeles, agreed to refrain from monopolizing colour motion film picture production.

The French National Assembly gave the government of Prime Minister Henri Queuille a vote of confidence on its use of troops to protect non-striking coal miners and dock workers.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty (2nd week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 I Got Stung/One Night--Elvis Presley
2 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
3 Queen of the Hop--Bobby Darin
4 To Know Him is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
5 I Got a Feeling/Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson
6 Beep Beep--The Playmates
7 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
8 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
9 Poor Boy--The Royaltones
10 Cannonball--Duane Eddy and the Rebels

Singles entering the chart were Love of My Life by the Everly Brothers (#13, charting with its A-side, Problems); Philadelphia U.S.A. by the Nu Tornados (#48); Lonely Teardrops by Jackie Wilson (#51); Big Bopper's Wedding by the Big Bopper (#57); C'mon Everybody by Eddie Cochran (#58); Pledging My Love by Roy Hamilton (#59); and Seven Minutes in Heaven by the Poni-Tails (#60).

On television tonight
Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Time Element, starring William Bendix, Martin Balsam, Darryl Hickman, Jesse White, and Carolyn Kearney

This program, written by Rod Serling, served as an unofficial pilot for The Twilight Zone.

Died on this date
Robert Cecil, 94
. U.K. politician and diplomat. Lord Cecil, the son of British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury, was U.K. Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1915-1919, and helped to create the League of Nations. Lord Cecil's service to that body led to his being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937.

Georgi Zubin, 58. U.S.S.R. politician and diplomat. Mr. Zubin was Deputy Foreign Minister and former Soviet Ambassador to the United States.

110 Cuban guerrillas were reported killed in an attack on a guard post near Santiago.

Cambodia temporarily suspended relations with Thailand, following charges that Cambodian border police had "kidnapped" 30 Thais.

Politics and government
French Sudan declared itself as the République Soudanaise (Sudanese Republic), with internal autonomy within the French Community.

The U.S. Supreme Court upheld an earlier federal court ruling that Alabama's pupil placement law was not unconstitutional "on its face," but eventually may be declared so in its applications.

The International Association of Machinists and the Flight Engineers International Association struck Eastern Air Lines--the largest U.S. passenger line--in a dispute over wage and qualification demands.

50 years ago

FLQ terrorists set off two bombs in the Eaton store in downtown Montréal.

Eastern Finals
Toronto 14 @ Ottawa 36 (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 47-27)

Russ Jackson threw touchdown passes to Margene Adkins, Bo Scott, and Whit Tucker, while rushing 7 yards for a touchdown of his own as the Rough Riders eliminated the Argonauts before 25,080 fans at Lansdowne Park. The Ottawa defense limited Toronto to 1 yard rushing, as Jim Dillard, in the final game of his 7-year CFL career, was held to 0 yards, while Bill Symons totalled -4.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (6th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're the Greatest Lover--Luv' (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (11th week at #1)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Stand Up for Your Love Rights--Yazz & the Plastic Population (2nd week at #1)

In Moscow, sports ministers and other officials from more than 100 countries approved by acclamation an anti-drug charter that established guidelines for governments to combat trafficking in and use of performance-enhancing drugs. They also recommended that the International Olympic Committee create a panel of experts to test athletes in any country at any time on short notice. The conference took place two months after Canada's Ben Johnson had been stripped of the gold medal in the men's 100-metre run at the Summer Olympic games in Seoul for testing positive for a banned substance.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Albert Collins, 61
. U.S. musician. Mr. Collins, born Albert Drewery, was a blues guitarist who was known for his distinctive style of playing the Fender Telecaster, earning the nickname "The Master of the Telecaster." He was also known for his audience-pleasing performances.

The Royal Bank of Canada announced that it was cutting 3,000 positions, while Royal Trust said that it was cutting 1,100 jobs.

20 years ago

Politics and government
The U.K. government of Prime Minister Tony Blair unveiled its plans to abolish the rights of 700 hereditary peers to sit and vote in the House of Lords.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Cecil H. Underwood, 86
. U.S. politician. Mr. Underwood, a Republican, was Governor of West Virginia from 1957-1961 and 1997-2001. He was legally limited to one term when he was first Governor, and was defeated in his bid for re-election in 2000. Mr. Underwood suffered a severe stroke early in 2008, and died 19 days after his 86th birthday.

Kenny MacLean, 52. U.K.-born Canadian musician. Mr. MacLean was best known for playing bass guitar and keyboards with the rock group Platinum Blonde in the 1980s. He had minor success as a solo artist with the album and single Don't Look Back (1990). Mr. MacLean died of a heart problem, the day after a performance.

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