Friday, 16 November 2018

November 16, 2018

225 years ago

90 dissident Roman Catholic priests were executed by drowning at Nantes as part of the Reign of Terror.

210 years ago

Died on this date
Mustafa IV, 29
. Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, 1807-1808. Mustafa IV, the son of Sultan Abdul Hamid I, participated in the overthrow of his cousin Selim III. Sultan Mustafa ordered the murders of both his younger brother Mahmud and his cousin Selim at Topkapi Palace in Istanbul in order to eliminate rivals. When, upon his orders, guards displayed the dead body of Sultan Selim III, Mustafa IV assumed that Mahmud had also been murdered; however, the prince had been hiding, and when he revealed himself, Mustafa was deposed on July 28, 1808, with his brother taking the throne as Sultan Mahmud II. Mustafa IV was killed on the orders of his younger brother.

190 years ago

The London Protocol was signed by representatives of the United Kingdom, France, and Russia, entailing the creation of an autonomous Greek state under Ottoman suzerainty, encompassing the Morea and the Cyclades.

180 years ago

Died on this date
Edgeworth Ussher, 34
. Canadian militia leader. Captain Ussher served in the 3rd Regiment of the Lincoln Militia during the 1837 Upper Canada Rebellion. He was shot to death on the front step of his home in Chippewa, Upper Canada by republican rebel Benjamin Lett in reprisal for his participation in the destruction of the American vessel steamer Caroline.

The four-day Battle of the Windmill at Prescott, Upper Canada ended in defeat for republican forces led by Colonel Nils Von Schoultz, with 137 members of his Hunters Lodges surrendering to British regular troops and Upper Canadian militia. Rebel losses were estimated at 80; British and Canadian losses were 16 dead and 60 wounded. Meanwhile, republican rebels fought against militiamen at Pakenham, Upper Canada.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Luis Cluzeau Mortet
. Uruguayan musician and composer. Mr. Mortet was a violinist who performed with Ossodre (SODRE Symphony Orchestra) from 1931-1946 before he had to retire because of a hearing problem. He wrote songs for piano, instrumental works for piano, and symphonic music. Mr. Mortet died on August 28, 1957 at the age of 68.

110 years ago

Died on this date
Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, 78
. French-born Canadian politician. Sir Henri, who added "de Lotbinière" to his surname in 1888, was a Liberal who represented Lotbinière in the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada from 1861-1867. He represented Lotbinière in the Quebec Legislative Assembly from 1867-1885, while also representing Lotbinière in the federal House of Commons from 1867-1874. Sir Henri was Premier of Quebec from 1878-1879. He returned to politics by representing Portneuf in the House of Commons from 1896-1900, and served as Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia from 1900-1906. Sir Henri died 19 days before his 79th birthday.

100 years ago

Major General Ants Kurvits was named commander of the Estonian Defence League in Tartu County.

90 years ago

Georges-Jean Knight, the first French Ambassador to Canada, presented his credentials to Governor General Baron Willingdon.

Declaring that he did not care to go to Geneva as the representative of a government that contained no parties of the left, Joseph-Paul Boncour announced his resignation as France's delegate to the League of Nations.

Economics and finance
On the New York Stock Exchange, 6,546,490 shares were dealt in.

80 years ago

Albert Hofmann, working at Sandoz Laboratories in Basel, Switzerland, first synthesized lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD).

The Boston Bruins traded goaltender Tiny Thompson to the Detroit Red Wings for goaltender Normie Smith and $15,000, and called up goaltender Frank Brimsek from the Providence Reds of the American Hockey League.

75 years ago

U.S. bombers struck a hydro-electric power facility and heavy water factory in German-controlled Vemork, Norway. German troops captured the Dodecanese Island of Lero. Japanese forces in central China captured Lihsien, west of Tungting Lake, and were attempting to cross the Li River to push toward Changteh.

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Marshal Pietro Badoglio announced that he would act as Prime Minister and Foreign Minister in a new cabinet, with Admiral Raffaele de Doutren as Navy Minister and General Renato Sandalli as Army Minister.

The French Communist Party accepted two positions on the French Committee of National Liberation.

British philosopher Bertrand Russell was awarded $20,000 in damages by a U.S. federal court in Philadelphia in his suit against the Barnes Foundation of Merion, Pennsylvania, which had discharged him from the faculty.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Frederick Cottrell, 71
. U.S. chemist. Dr. Cottrell was best known for his invention of the electrostatic precipitator, one of the first inventions designed to eliminate air pollution. In 1912 he founded the Research Corporation for Science Advancement, which continues to fund scientific advancement. Dr. Cottrell died of a heart ailment while attending a convention of the National Academy of Sciences.

The U.S.S.R. agreed to "immediate conversations" on the Berlin issue, but refused to lift the blockade as a precondition. U.S. President Harry Truman reiterated Western refusal to negotiate on Berlin while the blockade remained in effect.

The U.S. Navy commissioned the 17,000-ton destroyer USS Des Moines, the largest heavy cruiser in the world.

Politics and government
U.S.S.R. authorities in Berlin dismissed the non-Communist directors of the municipal economics and public utilities departments, establishing separate agencies for the Soviet sector.

A U.S. House of Representatives investigating subcommittee headed by Rep. Kingsland Macy (Republican--New York) ended two days of hearings on the automobile sales business by charging that customers had been cheated of $450 million during the first part of 1948 through special charges for prompt delivery, required purchases of accessories, and other illegal arrangements.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Man with a Problem, starring Gary Merrill, Mark Richman, and Elizabeth Montgomery

Politics and government
In the first parliamentary election in Hungary since the 1956 revolution, the Hungarian Socialist Workers' Party, led by General Secretary János Kádár, received 99.6% of the vote, taking 276 of 338 seats. The remaining seats went to 62 pro-Communist independent candidates.

Economics and finance
The U.S.S.R. and India signed a five-year trade agreement in Moscow providing for the exchange of Soviet industrial and agricultural equipment for Indian farm commodities.

Striking Chrysler Corporation office workers returned to work after United Auto Workers of America President Walter Reuther negotiated a three-year contract providing "substantial progress" on job security in addition to raises of about $2.53 per week.

Baltimore (7-1) 17 @ Chicago Bears (5-3) 0

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Picking Up Pebbles--Cornelia; Little Arrows--Leapy Lee

#1 single in France: Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Applausi--I Camaleonti (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): My Little Lady--The Tremeloes (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): With a Little Help from My Friends--Joe Cocker

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hey Jude--The Beatles (8th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje (3rd week at #1)
2 With a Little Help from My Friends--Joe Cocker
3 My Little Lady--The Tremeloes
4 Lea--The Cats
5 White Room--Cream
6 Only One Woman--Marbles
7 Listen to Me/Do the Best You Can--The Hollies
8 Ik Ben Met Jou niet Getrouwd--Tony Bass
9 Hey Jude--The Beatles
10 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
--Sandie Shaw

Singles entering the chart were Just a Little Bit of Peace in My Heart by Golden Earrings (#17); Starstruck by the Kinks (#29); Battle Hymn of the Republic by Andy Williams (#35); Ride My See-Saw by the Moody Blues (#38); and Henry the Horse by Gee Bros (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (2nd week at #1)
2 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
3 Hey Jude--The Beatles
4 Little Green Apples--O.C. Smith
5 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
6 White Room--Cream
7 Elenore--The Turtles
8 Hold Me Tight--Johnny Nash
9 Midnight Confessions--The Grass Roots
10 Bang-Shang-A-Lang--The Archies

Singles entering the chart were See Saw by Aretha Franklin (#57); Cloud Nine by the Temptations (#61); Ballad of Two Brothers by Autry Inman (#72); Scarborough Fair by Sergio Mendes and Brasil '66 (#73); I Heard it Through the Grapevine by Marvin Gaye (#78); A Man and a Half by Wilson Pickett (#79); I Can't Turn You Loose by the Chambers Brothers (#82); Till by the Vogues (#84); People by the Tymes (#87); Soulful Strut by Young-Holt Unlimited (#93); Chitty Chitty Bang Bang by Paul Mauriat and his Orchestra (#97); Come On, React! by the Fireballs (#98); Run to Me by the Montanas (#99); and Ramblin' Gamblin' Man by the Bob Seger System (#100). Chitty Chitty Bang Bang was a version of the title song of the movie.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Revolution/Hey Jude--The Beatles (9th/3rd week at #1)
2 Cinnamon--Derek
3 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
4 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
5 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
6 Bitter Green--Gordon Lightfoot
7 Quick Joey Small (Run Joey Run)--Kasenetz-Katz Singing Orchestral Circus
8 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
9 Elephant Candy--The Fun and Games
10 Elenore--The Turtles
Pick hit of the week: Snakes and Ladders--The Original Caste

The U.S.S.R. launched Proton 4, the last in a series of satellites designed to study the energy spectrum and the chemical composition of cosmic rays. At 19 tons it was the largest automatic space station yet put into Earth orbit, and was launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Politics and government
12 days of talks in Salisbury between British and Rhodesian negotiators concluded without a resolution of the constitutional dispute dividing the countries. U.K. negotiator George Thomson declared on his departure for London that Rhodesia's refusal to accept the British demand that black Africans be protected against new racial laws by a right of appeal to the British Privy Council remained the principal stumbling block to an agreement.

Student sit-in strikes continued in Czechoslovakia in protest against Soviet occupation of the country.

Western Finals
Calgary 32 @ Saskatchewan 0 (Calgary led best-of-three series 1-0)

Terry Evanshen, Gerry Shaw, and Dave Cranmer scored offensive touchdowns, while Rick Shaw returned an interception for another TD, as the Stampeders routed the Roughriders before 18,833 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Larry Robinson converted all 4 touchdowns and added a field goal and a single.

Wisconsin (0-9) 9 @ Michigan (8-1) 34

Michigan running back Ron Johnson set an NCAA record for a single game with 347 yards rushing on 31 carries--an average of 11.2 yards per carry--as he led the Wolverines over the Badgers at University of Michigan Stadium. Mr. Johnson scored 5 touchdowns, becoming the first player to accomplish the feat since Red Grange of Illinois scored 5 in a game against Michigan in 1924. The Wolverines trailed 9-7 at halftime, but outscored their opponents 27-0 in the 2nd half.

40 years ago

Toronto 6 @ Boston 4
Montreal 3 @ Los Angeles 6

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Sarah--Mauro Scocco

Politics and government
The Pakistan People's Party, led by Benazir Bhutto, captured 94 of 207 seats in the National Assembly in the Pakistani general election, with no other party winning more than 56 seats. Ms. Bhutto was the daughter of former President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, who had been executed in 1979.

Estonia's Supreme Soviet asserted the right to veto national laws affecting Estonia, in effect declaring the Baltic republic sovereign.

The U.S. State Department, responding to the previous day's proclamation by the Palestine National Council of the establishment of an independent Palestinian state, said that "implied or indirect reference to Israel's right to exist is not sufficient."

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher flew to Washington for a farewell visit with U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who would be leaving office two months later.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the U.S. deficit in merchandise trade had declined to $10.46 billion in September.

25 years ago

A three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia struck down the U.S. Defense Department's policy barring sodomites from military service. The case involved Joseph Steffan, a former U.S. Naval Academy midshipman who had been forced to resign six weeks before his 1987 graduation after acknowledging his homosexuality. The court ordered the Navy to award Mr. Steffan a diploma and a commission. Chief Judge Abner Mikva, exhibiting no apparent knowledge of the military, wrote, "A cardinal principle of equal protection law holds that the Government cannot discriminate against a certain class in order to give effect to the prejudice of others."

The United Nations Security Council voted to drop its attempt to arrest fugitive Somali warlord General Mohammed Farah Aidid. Eight of Gen. Aidid's aides who had been seized were released.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Reg Varney, 92
. U.K. actor. Mr. Varney was best known for his starring roles in the television comedy series The Rag Trade (1961-1963) and On the Buses (1969-1973).

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