Thursday, 22 November 2018

November 22, 2018

590 years ago

Born on this date
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick
. English nobleman. Mr. Neville, the son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, became Earl of Warwick through marriage and was one of the leaders of the Wars of the Roses, first on the Yorkist side and then with the Lancastrians. He was instrumental in the deposition of both Henry VI and Edward IV, earning the nickname "The Kingmaker." The Earl of Warwick was 42 when led his troops into the Battl of Barnet on April 14, 1471, but he was killed while attempting to escape the field while facing defeat.

375 years ago

Born on this date
René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle
. French explorer. Sieur de La Salle explored the North American regions of the Great Lakes, the Gulf of Mexico, and the Mississippi River. He was 43 when he was murdered by one of his own men, Pierre Duhaut on March 19, 1687.

300 years ago

Died on this date
Edward Teach, aka Blackbeard, 38 (?)
. U.K. pirate. Mr. Teach, who was better known by his nickname, operated in the vicinity of the West Indies and the southeast coast of Britain's North American colonies from 1716-1718. He was killed in battle with a Virginia boarding party led by Royal Navy Lieutenant Robert Maynard.

160 years ago

Land speculators General William Larimer and Captain Jonathan Cox founded what is now Denver, Colorado.

150 years ago

Born on this date
John Nance Garner
. 32nd Vice President of the United States, 1933-1941. "Cactus Jack," a Democrat, represented Texas' 15th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1903-1933, serving as House Minority Leader from 1929-1931 and Speaker from 1931-1933. He was elected Vice President as Franklin D. Roosevelt's running mate in 1932, and re-elected in 1936. Mr. Garner opposed some of Mr. Roosevelt's policies, including his plan to pack the Supreme Court in 1937, and unsuccessfully opposed Mr. Roosevelt for the Democratic presidential nomination in 1940. Mr. Garner retired from politics upon leaving the vice presidency; he died on November 7, 1967, 15 days before his 99th birthday.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Harley Earl
. U.S. automotive designer and executive. Mr. Earl, the son of a coach builder, was the chief designer at General Motors and became vice president of the company in a career at GM spanning more than 30 years. He's perhaps best remembered for introducing tail fins, which became popular on GM cars and those of other cars in the 1950s and '60s. Mr. Earl died of a stroke on April 10, 1969 at the age of 75.

Lazar Kaganovich. U.S.S.R. politician. Mr. Kaganovich was a Bolsehevik Communist who helped Josef Stalin seize power in the Soviet Union, and remained loyal to him. Mr. Kaganovich played a large role in the Ukrainian famine of 1932-1933, and even refused to defend his brother, also a Communist, when he was accused of disloyalty. Mr. Kaganovich gradually lost influence within the Communist Party after the death of Mr. Stalin in 1953, and was expelled from the party in 1961. He was the last surviving Old Bolshevik, and died on July 25, 1991 at the age of 97.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Wiley Post. U.S. aviator. Mr. Post flew around the world with a navigator in 1931 and became the first pilot to fly solo around the world in 1933. He was known for high-altitude flying, and designed one of the first pressure suits. He was 36 when he and his friend, entertainer and writer Will Rogers, were killed in a plane crash near Point Barrow, Alaska on August 15, 1935.

110 years ago

The Congress of Manastir established the Albanian alphabet.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Claiborne Pell
. U.S. politician. Mr. Pell, a Democrat, represented Rhode Island in the United States Senate from 1961-1997, serving as Chairman of the Senate Rules Committee from 1978-1981 and Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee from 1987-1995. He died on January 1, 2009 at the age of 90.

90 years ago

Maurice Ravel's Boléro received its premiere performance as a ballet at the Paris Opéra.

Three days after the New Jersey Legislature adopted a resolution citing Jersey City Mayor Frank Hague, vice-chairman of the Democratic National Committee, to appear before a joint session on November 26 to plead to a charge of contempt of the Legislature, Mr. Hague was arrested and released on bail.

A seven-month-old baby, with a tag marked "Perishable, Please Rush" tied to its arm, arrived at Guayaquil, Ecuador by air from Buenaventura, Colombia. The child was carried as parcel post and was in good health as its father received it through the parcel window of the post office.

Economics and finance
The United States lifted the ban on pig iron imports from Germany.

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: Murder in the Park

Died on this date
Henry B. Steagall, 70
. U.S. politician. Mr. Steagall, a Democrat, represented Alabama's 3rd District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1915 until his death, and was Chairman of the Hosue Committee on Banking and Currency from 1931 until his death. In 1933 he co-sponsored the Glass-Steagall Act that introduced banking reforms and created the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).

William Warren Barbour, 55. U.S. politician. Mr. Barbour, a Republican, represented New Jersey in the United States Senate from 1931-1937 and 1938 until his death from a cerebral hemorrhage at his home. He was known for supporting the cause of Jews who were being persecuted by the Nazi regime in Germany during World War II.

Lorenz Hart, 48. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Hart was the lyricist half of a songwriting team with composer Richard Rodgers for almost 25 years. Their many songs included Blue Moon; My Funny Valentine; and Manhattan. Mr. Hart was under five feet tall, was a closeted homosexual, suffered from depression, and drank himself to death, dying of pneumonia from exposure.

U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek met in Cairo to discuss measures for defeating Japan. Royal Air Force and Royal Canadian Air Force crews started air bombing of Berlin. Soviet troops repulsed new heavy German attacks in the Zhitomir-Korostyshev sector west of Kiev, while U.S.S.R. troops north of Gomel in White Russia deepened their bridgehead across the Sozh River, taking Sherstin and Staroye. U.S. troops landed on Abemema atoll in the Gilbert Islands, while fighting on Makin and Tarawa atolls continued.

Lebanon gained her independence from France.

Czechoslovakian President-in-exile Eduard Benes arrived in Moscow to sign a treaty with the U.S.S.R. for a 20-year defensive alliance.

Politics and government
The U.S. State Department placed Robert D. Murphy on the Allied Control Commission for Italy.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled National Railway Mediation Board and not the courts had the authority to settle jurisdictional disputes and select voting groups among employees for collective bargaining.

70 years ago

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Elliott Lewis, on MBS

A Box Office poll named Bing Crosby, Ingrid Bergman, and Gary Cooper as the most popular actors in the United States for 1948.

Crusade in Europe, U.S. Army General Dwight D. Eisenhower's World War II memoir, was published in New York by Doubleday.

Elements of the Chinese Communist Second Field Army under Liu Bocheng trap the Nationalist 12th Army, beginning the Shuangduiji Campaign, the largest engagement of the Huaihai Campaign in the Chinese Civil War.

World events
A Bulgarian court handed down prison sentences of 10-15 years for nine non-Communist members of parliament convicted of pro-Western activities.

A U.S. federal court in Oklahoma City rejected a plea by Negro student George McLaurin that he be allowed to attend classes at the University of Oklahoma on a non-segregated basis.

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission approved a plan for the dissolution of the Commonwealth and Southern Corporation of Delaware, one of the nation's largest holding companies.

The American Federation of Labor ended an eight-day national convention in Cincinnati after passing resolutions against the creation of a new labour party; for re-affiliation of the United Mine Workers of America; and for U.S. aid to Israel. William Green was re-elected AFL President.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno; Dean Martin (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): La Paloma--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra

#1 single in France (IFOP): When--The Kalin Twins (11th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tom Dooley--The Kingston Trio
2 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
3 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
4 To Know Him, is to Love Him--The Teddy Bears
5 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
6 Chantilly Lace--The Big Bopper
7 I Got Stung--Elvis Presley
8 Tea for Two Cha Cha--The Tommy Dorsey Orchestra starring Warren Covington
9 Lonesome Town--Ricky Nelson
10 Beep Beep--The Playmates

Singles entering the chart were Smoke Gets in Your Eyes by the Platters (#64); Lonely Teardrops by Jackie Wilson (#82); Love of My Life by the Everly Brothers (#90); Pledging My Love (#95)/My One and Only Love (#98) by Roy Hamilton; Coquette by Fats Domino (#96); Philadelphia U.S.A. by the Nu Tornados (#97); So Much by Little Anthony and the Imperials (#99); and The Voice in My Heart by Eydie Gorme (#100). Coquette was the B-side of Whole Lotta Loving, charting at #65.

Politics and government
The Liberal Party/Country Party coalition led by Prime Minister Robert Menzies retained its majority in the House of Representatives and achieved a majority in the Senate in the Australian federal election. The Liberal (58)/Country (19) coalition won 77 of 122 seats in the House, a gain of 2 from before the election. The Labour Party, led by H.V. Evatt, won the remaining 45 seats, a decline of 2. The coalition won 16 of 32 Senate seats up for election, an increase of 2, giving the coalition 32 of 60 total seats. Labour won 15 seats, a decline of 2, and the Democratic Labour Party won the remaining Senate seat.

Iranian Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi pledged to retain Sheikh Sulman bin Hamid al Khalifa as Governor General of Bahrain if Mr. Khalifa accepted Iranian claims to sovereignty over Bahrain, a British protectorate.

World events
Former Haitian presidential candidate Luis Dejoie, currently in the United States, was sentenced to death in absentia for an alleged plot to overthrow the Haitian government.

Ottawa 7 @ Hamilton 19 (Hamilton won 2-game total points series 54-14)

Edmonton 7 @ Winnipeg 23 (Winnipeg won best-of-three series 2-1)

Gerry McDougall rushed 63 yards for a touchdown and Bernie Faloney completed a touchdown pass to Billy Graham in the 4th quarter as the Tiger-Cats eliminated the Rough Riders before 15,071 fans at Civic Stadium. Steve Oneschuk converted both touchdowns and added a field goal, while Cam Fraser and Mr. Faloney punted for singles. The Rough Riders' touchdown came after they recovered a fumble by Eddie Macon on the kickoff to start the 2nd half. Ottawa quarterback Russ Jackson rushed 18 yards for a touchdown, converted by Mack Yoho, 55 seconds into the 3rd quarter.

The Blue Bombers rushed for 253 yards as they easily beat the Eskimos on a snowy day at Winnipeg Stadium. John Varone led the Winnipeg rushing attack with 92 yards and 2 touchdowns, and rookie Rick Potter added 55 yards. Winnipeg quarterback Jim Van Pelt converted both touchdowns and added a field goal and 3 singles, one of which resulted from his fumble into the Edmonton end zone. Winnipeg punter Charlie Shepard added 3 singles. The Eskimos didn't score until Don Getty completed a 28-yard touchdown pass to Jackie Parker, converted by Joe Mobra, with 20 seconds remaining in the game. The Winnipeg defense held Edmonton fullbacks Johnny Bright and Normie Kwong to 11 and 8 yards rushing, respectively. Among those playing their final game were Mr. Mobra and Edmonton guard Frank Morris, who concluded a 17-year Hall of Fame career. It was the final game for Sam Lyle as Edmonton's head coach; he resigned six months later when the Eskimos' board of directors didn't give him the vote of confidence he wanted.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Jesamine--The Casuals

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Abraham, Martin and John--Dion
2 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
5 Slip Away--Clarence Carter
6 Beyond the Clouds--The Poppy Family
7 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell
8 1432 Franklin Pike Circle Hero--Bobby Russell
9 Do Something to Me--Tommy James and the Shondells
10 On the Way Home--Buffalo Springfield

Singles entering the chart were River Deep, Mountain High by Eric Burdon and the Animals (#25); Son-of-a Preacher Man by Dusty Springfield (#26); Shame, Shame by the Magic Lanterns (#27); I Love How You Love Me by Bobby Vinton (#28); Les Bicyclettes de Belsize by Engelbert Humperdinck (#29); and Promises, Promises by Dionne Warwick (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (11th week at #1)
2 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
3 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
4 White Room--Cream
5 Fire--Arthur Brown
6 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
7 The Straight Life--Bobby Goldsboro
8 Wichita Lineman--Glen Campbell
9 All Along the Watchtower--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
10 Piece of My Heart--Big Brother and the Holding Company

The two-record album The Beatles, popularly known as the "White Album," was released on Apple Records.

Canadian College Bowl @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Queen's 42 Waterloo Lutheran 14

Don Bayne completed 13 of 18 passes for 241 yards as he quarterbacked the Golden Gaels over the Golden Hawks before 19,250 fans. Queen's amassed 487 yards of offense, while the defense blocked 2 kicks, intercepted 2 passes, and recovered 2 Waterloo Lutheran fumbles.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Rat Trap--The Boomtown Rats (3rd week at #1)

Toronto 3 @ New York Rangers 3

30 years ago

The government of South Africa approved the November 15 agreement with Cuba, Angola, and the U.S.A. on a timetable for the withdrawal of Cuba's 50,000 troops from Angola and independence for Namibia.

The first prototype B-2 Spirit stealth bomber was first publicly displayed on at United States Air Force Plant 42 in Palmdale, California, where it was assembled.

Politics and government
The day after failing to defeat the Progressive Conservative government of Brian Mulroney in the Canadian federal election, Liberal Party leader John Turner said that his party would no longer seek to prevent approval of the free-trade agreement with the United States.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had increased 0.4% in October.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf

Died on this date
Anthony Burgess, 76
. U.K. author and composer. John Anthony Burgess Wilson wrote more than 30 novels, the best-known of which was A Clockwork Orange (1962). He composed over 250 musical works, including several symphonies and numerous pieces for recorder.

Michigan mad scientist "Dr." Jack Kevorkian assisted in another suicide, the 20th in a series of such crimes perpetrated by him.

Economics and finance
The Mexican Senate voted 56-2 in favour of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with the U.S.A. and Canada. The agreement had already been approved by the legislatures of the other two countries.

In Toronto, Justice Horace Krever started his public hearings into Canada's blood supply, and the AIDS-tainted blood and blood products given to Canadians in the 1980's, before the Canadian Red Cross began testing for HIV.

20 years ago

Omnitrax began operation of the Okanagan Valley Railway in British Columbia using ex-Canadian National Railways Vernon-Kelowna-Lumby and Canadian Pacific Railway's Vernon-Sicamous trackage.

Grey Cup @ Winnipeg Stadium
Calgary 26 Hamilton 24

Mark McLoughlin kicked 4 field goals--3 in the 4th quarter--with a 35-yard kick on the last play of regulation time giving the Stampeders the win on an unusually warm (10 C) day in Winnipeg before 34,157 fans, the smallest Grey Cup crowd since 1975. Kelvin Anderson rushed 18 times for 105 yards, and ran 3 yards on the first play of the 2nd quarter to give Calgary a 10-3 lead. Danny McManus threw a 35-yard TD pass to Ronald Williams with 3:07 left in the 2nd quarter, and Paul Osbaldiston accounted for the other points, with his 40-yard field goal on the last play of the half making it 16-10 Hamilton. Two more singles made it 18-10, but Jeff Garcia sneaked 1 yard for a TD on the last play of the 3rd quarter, with the convert making it 18-17. Mr. McLoughlin kicked 2 field goals to give Calgary a 23-18 lead, but Mr. McManus handed off to Mr. Williams for a 1-yard TD with 2:02 remaining to make it 24-23. A 2-point convert was unsuccessful, and Mr. Garcia brought the Stampeders into position for the kick to win the game. Mr. Garcia was the Most Valuable Player in his last CFL game, completing 22 of 32 passes for 259 yards, with 11 rushes for 47 and a TD. Mr. McManus was 20 for 39 for 288 yards with 1 touchdown and 1 interception. Kelvin Anderson carried 18 times for 105 yards, and caught 3 passes for 27. Ronald Williams led the Hamilton attack with 12 carries for 42 yards, 5 receptions for 78, and 2 kickoff returns for 50.

10 years ago

Vanier Cup @ Ivor Wynne Stadium, Hamilton
Laval 44 Western Ontario 21

Julian Feoli Gudino returned a punt 74 yards for a touchdown and caught a pass from Benoit Groulx for an 82-yard TD within a 4-minute span in the 2nd quarter as the Rouge et Or took a 27-7 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Mustangs before 13,873 fans.

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