Friday, 2 November 2018

November 2, 2018

150 years ago

New Zealandiana
New Zealand officially adopted a standard time to be observed nationally.

90 years ago

Died on this date
E.B. McIntosh
. U.S. military aviator. Mr. McIntosh, Chief Aviation Pilot of the U.S. Navy, was killed in an airplane collision at Pensacola, Florida.

José de León Toral and Mother Superior Maria Copncepcion Acevedo y de la Liata went on trial in Mexico City for the July 17, 1928 assassination of Mexican President-elect General Álvaro Obregón.

Prison terms and fines were imposed upon a Republican Party ward leader, two police captains, and three district detectives in Philadelphia who had either been convicted of or had pleaded guilty to extortion, bribery, and conspiracy to extort money from saloon keepers. They were the first sentences growing out of the investigation by the special grand jury, which three days earlier had recommended the dismissal of 18 captains and 3 inspectors, representing nearly half of the commanders of the Philadelphia Police Bureau. The grand jury was investigating gangsters and bootleggers and their reported alliance with police and politicians.

75 years ago

The Soviet Red Army took the historic city of Kakhovka. Allied forces in Italy cracked the German lines between Mount Massico and the Matese Ridge to bring the German strongpoints of Venafro and Isernia within artillery range. A U.S. Navy task force was able to turn away an Imperial Japanese Navy fleet in the Battle of Empress Augusta Bay, thus protecting the landings at Cape Torokina.

The U.S. Army disclosed the development of a 120-millimetre anti-aircraft gun with a range of 12 miles.

Politics and government
Scattered off-year elections in the United States showed a trend in favour of the Republican Party in New York, New Jersey, and Kentucky.

St. Louis Cardinals' left fielder Stan Musial was named the Most Valuable Player in the National League for 1943. In 157 games he batted .357 with 13 home runs and 81 runs batted in, leading the NL in batting and slugging (.562); hits (220); doubles (48); and triples (20) as the Cardinals won their second straight pennant.

70 years ago

Politics and government
In a stunning upset, President Harry Truman, who had succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945, was elected to a term as President of the United States in his own right, with running mate Alben W. Barkley winning election as Vice President. Pre-election public opinion polls had long predicted victory for Republican Party candidate Thomas Dewey, whose running mate was California Governor Earl Warren. Mr. Truman earned 303 electoral votes (49.5% of the popular vote) to 189 electoral votes (45.1% of the popular vote) for Mr. Dewey. States' Rights Party candidate Strom Thurmond, who campaigned solely in southern states, took 39 electoral votes (2.4% of the popular vote). Progressive Party candidate Henry Wallace also received 2.4% of the popular vote, but it was spread across the country, and he won no states. In elections for the Senate, the Democrats gained 9 seats to obtain a majority of 54, while the Republicans lost 9 seats to drop to 42. The Democrats also gained a majority in the House of Representatives, gaining 75 seats to increase to 263, while the Republicans lost 75 seats to drop to 171. Congressional candidates elected for the first time included Democratic Senators Hubert Humphrey (Minnesota), Lyndon Johnson (Texas), and Paul Douglas (Illinois), and Representatives Abraham Ribicoff (Democrat--Connecticut) and Gerald Ford (Republican--Michigan). Democrats also posted a net gain of six gubernatorial races, including newcomers Adlai Stevenson (Illinois) and Chester Bowles (Connecticut). Puerto Rico's first gubernatorial election resulted in a victory for Popular Democratic Party candidate Luis Munoz Marin; the Popular Democrats also gained control over both houses of the territory's legislature.

Massachusetts voters rejected a measure legalizing distribution of birth control information, while Kansas repealed its 68-year-old prohibition statute and Washington approved the sale of liquor in bars and restaurants.

Measures banning the union shop were defeated in Massachusetts and New Mexico, but won in Arizona.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The $2,000,000 Defense, starring Barry Sullivan and Leslie Nielsen

The Israeli cabinet ordered an inquiry into military responsibility for the 1956 massacre of 43 Kafr Kasim Arabs.

The U.S.S.R. protested Italian plans for the installation of Jupiter and Thor missiles at American bases in Italy.

World events
Former Pakistani President Iskander Mirza left Karachi for exile in the United Kingdom.

Trans World, Eastern, American, Capital, Pan American, and United Airlines announced a mutual aid agreement in Washington under which lines profiting by strikes against other members of the pact would turn over increased revenues to the struck lines.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Monia--Peter Holm (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Applausi--I Camaleonti

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hey Jude--The Beatles (6th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje
2 Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
--Sandie Shaw
4 Only One Woman--Marbles
5 My Little Lady--The Tremeloes
6 With a Little Help from My Friends--Joe Cocker
7 Need Your Love So Bad--Fleetwood Mac
8 I Say a Little Prayer--Aretha Franklin
9 I've Got Dreams to Remember--Otis Redding
10 La Bambola--Patty Pravo

Singles entering the chart were White Room by Cream (#20); All Along the Watchtower by the Jimi Hendrix Experience (#23); The Music Box by the Hep Stars (#31); Heintje (Baue Ein Schloss Für Mich) by Wilma (#34); Jezamine by the Casuals (#35); Feelin' Alright? by Traffic (#36); Marianne by Cliff Richard (#37); My Way of Life by Frank Sinatra (#39); and Soul Party by the Free (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (7th week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
3 Little Green Apples--O.C. Smith
4 Fire--The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
5 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
6 Elenore--The Turtles
7 Girl Watcher--The O'Kaysions
8 Midnight Confessions--The Grass Roots
9 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
10 White Room--Cream

Singles entering the chart were Promises, Promises by Dionne Warwick (#57); Wichita Lineman by Glen Campbell (#65); Kentucky Woman by Deep Purple (#67); The Yard Went on Forever by Richard Harris (#69); The Star-Spangled Banner by Jose Feliciano (#73); Main Street by Gary Lewis and the Playboys (#74); Battle Hymn of the Republic by Andy Williams (#77); For Once in My Life by Stevie Wonder (#83); California Earthquake by Mama Cass (#85); Too Weak to Fight by Clarence Carter (#86); For Once in My Life by Jackie Wilson (#87); The Ol' Race Track by the Mills Brothers (#88); Both Sides Now by Judy Collins (#91); On the Way Home by Buffalo Springfield (#92); Sweet Darlin' by Martha Reeves and the Vandellas (#93); Everybody Got to Believe in Somebody by Sam & Dave (#94); Jesse Brady by the McCoys (#96); Rockin' in the Same Old Boat by Bobby Bland (#99); and Peace Brother Peace by Bill Medley (#100). Promises, Promises was a version of the title song of the Broadway musical. The Star-Spangled Banner was a recording of the version that Mr. Feliciano performed at Tiger Stadium in Detroit prior to the fifth game of the World Series on October 7, 1968.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Revolution/Hey Jude--The Beatles (7th/1st week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
3 Milk Train--The Everly Brothers
4 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
5 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
6 Fire--Arthur Brown
7 Elenore--The Turtles
8 San Francisco Girls (Return of the Native)--Fever Tree
9 Shoot 'em Up, Baby--Andy Kim
10 All Along the Watchtower--The Jimi Hendrix Experience
Pick hit of the week: Cinnamon--Derek

Hamilton (6-7-1) 21 @ Montreal (3-9-2) 21
Saskatchewan (12-3-1) 12 @ British Columbia (4-11-1) 6

Dave Fleming scored 2 touchdowns and Tommy-Joe Coffey added 2 converts, 2 field goals, and a single for the Tiger-Cats as they tied the Alouettes before 7,000 fans at Autostade. Carroll Williams, Dennis Duncan, and Mike Gray scored Montreal touchdowns, all converted by David Ray, who played his eighth and last CFL game. The tie was the second straight for the Alouettes.

Bob Kosid returned an interception for the game's only touchdown to help the Roughriders defeat the Lions before 22,645 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Saskatchewan fullback George Reed rushed for 5 yards on the final play of the game to win the Eddie James Memorial Trophy as the Western Conference's rushing leader. Mr. Reed finished with 1,222 yards on the season, 2 yards ahead of rookie Jim Evenson of the Lions. It was the fifth straight win for the Roughriders.

Alberta (5-1) 8 @ Manitoba (5-1) 25
Saskatchewan (0-6) 17 @ Calgary (2-4) 21

Graham Kinley and Dennis Hrycaiko each scored 2 touchdowns to help the Bisons defeat the Golden Bears before 4,000 fans at Pan-Am Stadium in Winnipeg, forcing a sudden-death playoff in Edmonton a week later to decide the conference championship. With the Golden Bears leading 1-0 early in the 2nd quarter, Alberta punt returner attempted to draw the Bisons into a no yards penalty and lunged at the ball, knocking it into the hands of a Manitoba player at the Alberta 1-yard line. No penalty was called, and the Bisons took possession, with Mr. Kinley scoring on the next play. The Bisons scored 25 straight points until John McManus, who caught 6 passes for 97 yards, scored the only Manitoba touchdown. Kirk Kuppers started at quarterback for Manitoba, but was relieved after the 1st quarter by Bob Kraemer, who did a much better job.

40 years ago

U.S.S.R. cosmonauts Vladimir Kovalyonok and Aleksandr Ivanchenkov, who had gone to the Salyut 6 space station aboard Soyuz 29 on June 15, 1978, returned to Earth to complete Soyuz 31, which had lifted off on August 26 with a crew consisting of Valery Bykovsky and Sigmund Jähn. Cosmonauts Kovalyonok and Ivanchenkov had spent 139 consecutive days in space, a record at the time.

Montreal 4 Washington 2

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hand in Hand--Koreana (5th week at #1)

Politics and government
In the Israeli general election, no party was able to win a majority in the 120-seat Knesset. The Labour Party, led by Foreign Minister and former Prime Minister Shimon Peres, won 49 seats to 47 for the Likud Party, led by Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir. Religious parties won 18 seats and the Arab bloc won 6 seats. Labour and Likud had governed in a coalition since the 1984 election. Labour favoured an international peace conference where the idea of trading "land for peace" would be considered, while Likud favoured taking a harder line against Palestinians.

The day before British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher was to arrive in Poland, Polish leader General Wojciech Jaruzelski warned that she must not meddle in Polish affairs.

The Morris worm, the first Internet-distributed computer worm to gain significant mainstream media attention, was launched from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

25 years ago

Politics and government
Rudolph Giuliani, a Republican, unseated Democratic incumbent David Dinkins as mayor in the New York civic election, winning 51% of the vote to 48% for Mr. Dinkins. In Minneapolis, Democratic Party candidate Sharon Sayles Belton became the first woman and first Negro to win that city's mayoral election.

Republican Party candidate Christine Todd Whitman defeated Democratic Party incumbent Jim Florio in the New Jersey gubernatorial election, taking 49% of the vote to 48% for Mr. Florio. After being elected four years earlier, Mr. Florio had broken his promise not to raise taxes. Former U.S. Congressman George F. Allen, a Republican, defeated Democratic candidate Mary Sue Terry 58%-41% to win the Virginia gubernatorial election.

Henry Watson, a Negro who had been convicted on lesser charges but acquitted on October 20 of attempted murder in the 1992 beating of Reginald Denny, a white man who had been dragged out of his truck and beaten during rioting in Los Angeles after the acquittal of four Los Angeles policemen in the beating of Negro criminal Rodney King, pled guilty to one count of felony assault in the beating of Larry Tarvis, another truck driver.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the index of leading economic indicators had increased 0.5% in September.

10 years ago

Nippon Series
Saitama Seibu Lions 2 @ Yomiuri Giants 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

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