Friday, 9 November 2018

November 9, 2018

330 years ago

William of Orange's forces captured Exeter, England.

200 years ago

Born on this date
Ivan Turgenev, 64
. Russian author and playwright. Mr. Turgenev's best-known works were the short story collection A Sportsman's Sketches (1852) and the novel Fathers and Sons (1862). He died on September 3, 1883 at the age of 64.

180 years ago

Robert Nelson mounted another raid from Vermont with Cyrille Côté on Lacolle, Lower Canada. The Republican Hunters Lodges (Frères Chasseurs) were again dispersed at Odelltown after a two-hour battle when British troops led by Charles Taylor arrived, and Mr. Nelson and his rebels fled to the U.S.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Jean Monnet
. French economist and diplomat. Mr. Monnet was Deputy Secretary-General of the League of Nations, but was better known as the President of the High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community (1952-1955), paving the way for he European Union. He has been called the "Founder of Europe," working behind the scenes rather than holding elective office. He died on March 16, 1979 at the age of 90.

Died on this date
Mary Jane Kelly, 25 (?)
. U.K. murder victim. Miss Kelly, a prostitute, was the fifth and last woman to be murdered and mutilated by Jack the Ripper in the Whitechapel area of London.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Florence Chadwick
. U.S. swimmer. Miss Chadwick began swimming long open-water distances as a child, but reached her peak in her early 30s, becoming the first woman to swim the English Channel in both directions (1950, 1951). After an initial attempt in which she came just a mile short of her target, she succeeded in covering the 26 miles between Catalina Island and the California coastline in 1952. Miss Chadwick succeeded in crossing the Straits of Gibraltar, the Bosporus, and the Dardanelles. She was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame in 1970, and died of leukemia on March 15, 1995 at the age of 76.

Spiro Agnew. 39th Vice President of the United States, 1969-1973. Mr. Agnew, a Republican, was a labour lawyer who was Baltimore County Executive from 1962-1966 and Governor of Maryland from 1967-1969. He served as Vice President under President Richard Nixon until he faced charges of accepting more than $100,000 in bribes in his various offices, and was forced to resign on October 10, 1973, the day that he pled no contest to a single charge that he had failed to report $29,500 of income in 1967. Mr. Agnew was popular with many Americans because of his politically incorrect views. His resignation led to the selection of House of Representatives Minority Leader Gerald Ford as Vice President; Mr. Ford succeeded to the presidency when Mr. Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. Mr. Agnew died of undiagnosed leukemia on September 17, 1996 at the age of 77.

Thomas Ferebee. U.S. military aviator. Colonel Ferebee served with the United States Army Air Forces/Air Force from 1942-1970. He completed more than 60 bombing missions, but was best known for being the bombardier aboard the Enola Gay, which dropped the first atomic bomb on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. Col. Ferebee died on March 16, 2000 at the age of 81.

Choi Hong Hi. Korean military officer and martial artist. Mr. Choi served in the Korean Army after World War II, rising to the rank of major general. He has been credited as the founder of taekwondo, but fell into disfavour in South Korea after introducing the martial art to North Korea. Mr. Choi spent several years in Canada before moving to North Korea in 1979, where he died on June 15, 2002 at the age of 83.

World events
Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany abdicated after the Socialist revolution, and Germany was proclaimed a Republic.

The government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic adopted the national flag which is still used by the 21st-century Republic of Azerbaijan, with minor modifications.

Canadian military championship @ Varsity Stadium, Toronto
Canadian Officers Training Corps 11 Royal Flying Corps 9

COTC captain and future movie actor Gene Lockhart punted for 2 singles in leading his team to victory. RFC captain and future Canadian Prime Minister Lester Pearson kicked a field goal for the cadets.

90 years ago

Politics and government
PNŢ (National Peasants' Party) leader Iuliu Maniu took office as Prime Minister of Romania, forming a cabinet to replace the National Liberal Party government of Vintilă Brătianu.

The Judicial Committee of the Privy Council ruled that gold and silver mineral rights on Hudson's Bay Company lands belonged to the Crown, not the HBC.

Everett "Texas Eddie" Rheim, 26, who had been convicted of the August 25 murder of New York City policeman Joseph Dursee during a robbery of a shoe store, was sentenced in New York by Judge Rosalsky to 45 years to life in prison; George Baglieri was sentenced to 20-40 years, and Ignatius Corrado 15-30 years.

Mail robbers got $53,000 in a train holdup near Fort Worth, Texas; all but $2,970 was found hidden nearby, and the bandits were captured.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Ernst vom Rath, 29
. German diplomat. Mr. vom Rath joined the Nazi party in 1932, and became a career diplomat, serving in Bucharest and then in Paris. He died two days after being shot by Herschel Grynszpan, 17, a Polish-born German Jew. It was later alleged, and Mr. Grynszpan apparently intended to argue, that Mr. vom Rath was a sodomite and had seduced Mr. Grynszpan. The Nazis used the assassination of Mr. vom Rath as an excuse to instigate the 1938 national pogrom, also known as Kristallnacht.

Nazis burned and looted temples and Jewish-owned stores and houses in Germany and Austria in what became known as "Kristallnacht" (Crystal Night—referring to broken glass on the streets), resulting in the deaths of at least 91 Jews and the arrests of 30,000 others.

Politics and government
Citizens' Committee candidate John Fry was re-elected to a second one-year term as Mayor of Edmonton in the city's municipal election. Mr. Fry received 53.34% of the vote, with former Mayor Joe Clarke finishing second of four candidates with 25.29%.

75 years ago

Nine German counterattacks in Italy were repulsed along the southwestern half of the Allies' trans-peninsular line.

Politics and government
General H.H. Giraud and four supporters of the French Committee of National Liberation resigned, but he stayed on as head of the French armed forces.

Roberto Llanas Vallencilla was convicted in New York of espionage on behalf of Germany, and was sentenced to 10 years' imprisonment.

Economics and finance
In Washington D.C., 44 nations signed the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Agreement (UNRRA).

New York Yankees' pitcher Spud Chandler was named the Most Valuable Player in the American League for 1943. He posted a 20-4 record, tying for the AL lead in wins, and leading the league in winning percentage (.833) and earned run average (1.64), and won 2 games in the World Series as the Yankees defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 4 games to 1.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Edgar Kennedy, 58
. U.S. actor. Mr. Kennedy was known for his "slow burn" in expressing frustration in several hundred comedy films, most notably those produced by Hal Roach in the 1920s. Mr. Kennedy died of throat cancer.

Israel reported capturing the Iraq Suweidan police fortress at the northern end of the Negev desert from Egyptian troops.

Food riots broke out in Shanghai following the abandonment of price controls by the Nationalist government.

Oveta Culp Hobby, director of the Woman's Army Corps during World War II, became the first woman president of the Southern Newspaper Publishers Association.

International Longshoremen's Association President Joseph Ryan announced a contract agreement for East Coast dock workers raising the guaranteed work period 2-4 hours and increasing hourly wages by 10c.

60 years ago

On television tonight
Alfred Hitchcock Presents, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Design for Loving, starring Norman Lloyd, Marian Seldes, and Elliott Reid

World events
A Thai firing squad commanded by Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat publicly executed two Chinese accused of a Communist-planned arson attempt in Bangkok.

Economics and finance
Nordic Council delegates from Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, and Iceland met in Oslo to study plans for a Nordic common market and customs union.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Hey Jude--The Beatles

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Applausi--I Camaleonti (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): My Little Lady--The Tremeloes

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hey Jude--The Beatles (7th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Heidschi Bumbeidschi--Heintje (2nd week at #1)
2 With a Little Help from My Friends--Joe Cocker
3 My Little Lady--The Tremeloes
4 Only One Woman--Marbles
5 Hey Jude--The Beatles
6 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
--Sandie Shaw
7 White Room--Cream
8 I've Got Dreams to Remember--Otis Redding
9 Listen to Me/Do the Best You Can--The Hollies
10 Ik Ben Met Jou niet Getrouwd--Tony Bass

Singles entering the chart were Lea by the Cats (#14); Red Red Wine by Peter Tetteroo (#25); and Vader is de Dader by Egbert Douwe (#32).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
2 Hey Jude--The Beatles
3 Little Green Apples--O.C. Smith
4 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
5 Elenore--The Turtles
6 Magic Carpet Ride--Steppenwolf
7 White Room--Cream
8 Midnight Confessions--The Grass Roots
9 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
10 Hold Me Tight--Johnny Nash

Singles entering the chart were Goodbye My Love by James Brown (#62); Put Your Head on My Shoulder by the Lettermen (#73); Right Relations by Johnny Rivers (#76); With a Little Help from My Friends by Joe Cocker (#81); Slow Drag by the Intruders (#82); Living in the U.S.A. by the Steve Miller Band (#84); Lo Mucho que te Quiero (The More I Love You) by Rene & Rene (#88); Baby Let's Wait by the Royal Guardsmen (#89); The Great Escape by Ray Stevens (#92); Billy You're My Friend by Gene Pitney (#93); I've Got Love for My Baby by the Young Hearts (#95); King Croesus by World of Oz (#97); Hang 'em High by Booker T. & the M.G.'s (#98); and A Whiter Shade of Pale by the Hesitations (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Revolution/Hey Jude--The Beatles (8th/2nd week at #1)
2 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
4 Cinnamon--Derek
5 Elenore--The Turtles
6 Milk Train--The Everly Brothers
7 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
8 Fire--Arthur Brown
9 Bitter Green--Gordon Lightfoot
10 Love Child--Diana Ross and the Supremes
Pick hit of the week: Abraham, Martin and John--Dion

12 tornadoes struck the west coast of Florida, killing two people, injuring 24, and causing more than $1 million in damage.

Eastern Semi-Final
Hamilton 21 @ Toronto 33

Bill Symons set a CFL playoff record that still stands, rushing 100 yards for a touchdown, which was the turning point as the Argonauts defeated the Tiger-Cats at CNE Stadium, ending Hamilton's reign as Grey Cup champions. Hamilton scored 2 converted touchdowns in the first 5 minutes of the game, as quarterback Joe Zuger rushed 31 yards for the first score and passed 43 yards to Allen Smith for the second, both converted by Tommy-Joe Coffey. The Argonauts were back at their own 10-yard line late in the 1st quarter, but Mr. Symons scored and Dave Mann converted to make the score 14-7. Mr. Mann kicked a field goal before the quarter was over to make the score 14-10. In the 2nd quarter, Toronto quarterback Wally Gabler completed touchdown passes of 86 and 6 yards to Neil Smith, while Mr. Zuger threw a long touchdown pass to Dave Fleming. Mr. Mann kicked another field goal just before halftime to give Toronto a 27-21 lead. The 2nd half wasn't nearly as exciting as the 1st half, as Mr. Mann added 2 more field goals for the only scoring.

Manitoba 10 @ Alberta 7

Dennis Hrycaiko's 25-yard touchdown rush on the first play of the 2nd quarter, converted by Tom Coyle, gave the Bisons a 9-6 lead, and they held on to eliminate the defending Vanier Cup champion Golden Bears before 6,000 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Manitoba took a 2-0 lead in the 1st quarter when Alberta punter Val Schneider was forced to concede a safety touch after a bad snap. Alberta defensive back Dale Schulha recovered a Manitoba fumble, and Ludwig Daubner rushed 26 yards for a touchdown; the convert was unsuccessful, leaving the Golden Bears ahead 6-2 after the 1st quarter. Mr. Schneider and Gary Corbett exchanged singles in the 3rd quarter. A late Alberta drive ended when Mr. Schneider was stopped inches short of a first down on a third-down fake punt at the Manitoba 38-yard line. Graham Kinley led the Manitoba rushing attack with 155 yards on 29 carries. Each team took 12 penalties, with the Golden Bears being penalized for 172 yards and the Bisons 115. It was the last game for Clare Drake as head coach of the Golden Bears.

Iowa (4-4) 68 Northwestern (1-7) 34

Ed Podolak set an NCAA single-game record with 286 yards rushing as he helped the Hawkeyes beat the Wildcats. The record was broken just a week later when Ron Johnson of Michigan rushed for 347 yards against Wisconsin.

40 years ago

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Just Friends

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hand in Hand--Koreana (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Mitchell, 75
. U.S. lawyer and politician. Mr. Mitchell, a municipal bond lawyer in New York City from 1938-1968, was U.S. Attorney General in the administration of President Richard Nixon from 1969-1972, and was one of Mr. Nixon's closest friends. In 1975 he was convicted of conspiracy, obstruction of justice, and perjury for his role in the 1972 break-in at the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., and served 19 months in prison. Mr. Mitchell died of a heart attack.

David Bauer, 64. Canadian hockey coach. Father Bauer, the younger brother of Hockey Hall of Fame member Bobby Bauer, played with St. Michael's College in Toronto in the mid-1940s, but chose to enter the Roman Catholic priesthood rather than pursue a career in professional hockey. He coached at St. Michael's College in the 1960s--leading the team to a Memorial Cup championship--and then at the University of British Columbia. While at UBC, Father Bauer founded the Canadian national team, coaching the team in Olympic Games and World Championships through the 1960s, and managing the 1980 Canadian Olympic team. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1989 and the International Ice Hockey Federation Hall of Fame in 1997.

Politics and government
An Estonian delegation that included Communist Party officials and nationalists appeared in Moscow to proclaim its opposition to Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's plan to reorganize the Supreme Soviet into a bicameral legislature headed by himself as president. The Estonians opposed constitutional changes that would give the new legislature ultimate control over economic, social, and political programs in the Soviet republics.

The day after being elected President of the United States, Vice President George Bush named James Baker as his nominee to become Secretary of State.

The South Korean National Assembly concluded three days of televised hearings into allegations of corruption against the administration of former President Chun Doo Hwan. Charges were made that Mr. Chun had pressured wealthy businessmen into donating large sums of money to a research institute that funneled substantial sums to Mr. Chun and his associates.

25 years ago

Died on this date
Gerald Thomas, 72
. U.K. movie director. Mr. Thomas directed all 30 of the Carry On comedy films from 1958-1992.

Ed Rollins, campaign manager for successful Republican Party New Jersey gubernatorial candidate Christine Todd Whitman, said the campaign had paid out $500,000 to Negro clergymen and Democratic Party workers in return for their help in suppressing voter turnout by Negroes. Ms. Whitman had defeated incumbent Governor Jim Florio, a Democrat, by just 26,000 votes in the November 2 election.

The United States House of Representatives followed the Senate's lead and endorsed President Bill Clinton's timetable for withdrawal of all U.S. forces in Somalia by the end of March 1994.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Miriam Makeba, 66
. S.A. singer and activist. Miss Makeba sang music of various genres, and helped to popularize African music with Western audiences, but was equally known for her opposition to South Africa's racial policy of apartheid. She moved to the United States in 1959, and was denied the right to return to South Africa. Miss Makeba's single Pata Pata was a hit in North America in 1967, but she alienated white audiences when she married Black Panther leader Stokely Carmichael in 1968, prompting the couple to move to Guinea. Miss Makeba's marriage didn't last, but she remained in Africa until moving to Brussels in 1985. She was welcomed back to South Africa in 1990, and spent the rest of her life there. Miss Makeba was performing in Italy when she suffered a heart attack while singing Pata Pata, and was taken to a clinic, but efforts to revive her were unsuccessful.

Nippon Series
Saitama Seibu Lions 3 @ Yomiuri Giants 2 (Saitama Seibu won best-of-seven series 4-3)

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