Wednesday, 21 November 2018

November 21, 2018

250 years ago

Born on this date
Friedrich Schleiermacher
. German philosopher and theologian. Professor Schleiermacher attempted to reconcile the enlightenment with Protestant Christianity, and has been called the "Father of Modern Liberal Theology." He died of pneumonia on February 12, 1834 at the age of 65.

180 years ago

The United States government said that Americans entering Canada in violation of the U.S. neutrality law would not be given protection, effectively ending the activities of the Hunters Lodges and other republican factions who were rebelling against authorities in Upper and Lower Canada.

110 years ago

Dominion Semi-Final
Toronto Amateur Athletic Club 8 @ Hamilton Tigers 31

100 years ago

Polish troops and civilians began a three-day pogrom against Jews and Christians in Lwów (now Lviv), Ukraine, killing at least 50 Jews and at least 270 Christians.

The Flag of Estonia, previously used by pro-independence activists, was formally adopted as the national flag of the Republic of Estonia.

90 years ago

The British House of Commons voted 258-134 in favour of the cable merger plan putting telegraph and wireless resources into private hands.

In South Sudbury, Massachusetts, a mutiny of boy students at Wayside Inn Trade School, run by Henry Ford for state wards, was revealed when it was learned that three of the four teachers had resigned because of the refusal of the Ford resident manager, and later Mr. Ford himself, to expel the school bully.

Canadian university
Alberta 20 @ British Columbia 11 (First game of 2-game series)

Freddie Hess scored 19 points on 3 touchdowns, a convert, and 3 singles to lead U of A over UBC before 1,500 fans at Athletic Park in Vancouver. Messrs. Dirom and Shandro scored B.C. touchdowns.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Leopold Godowsky, 68
. Lithuanian-born U.S. musician and composer. Mr. Godowsky was almost completely self-taught, and began playing piano and violin as a child. He moved to the United States at the age of 20, continuing his career as a popular concert pianist, and becoming a teacher of piano. As a composer, Mr. Godowsky was best known for his Java Suite and transcriptions of works by other composers, especially 53 Studies on Chopin's Études. Mr. Godowsky suffered a series of personal tragedies in the 1920s, and had a severe stroke in 1930, leaving him partially paralyzed. He died of stomach cancer.

75 years ago

Died on this date
J. William Ditter, 55
. U.S. politician. Mr. Ditter, a Republican, represented Pennsylvania's 17th District in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1933 until his death in a plane crash.

A Japanese force of 80,000 made progress toward Changteh in China.

World events
The Honduran government thwarted a plot to assassinate President General Tiburcio Carias Andino.

French authorities released Lebanese President Bechara el Khoury, Prime Minister Riad Solh, and two other ministers in order to relieve tension there; Messrs. Khooury and Solh had been arrested 10 days earlier on the orders of Charles de Gaulle, reportedly for favouring immediate Lebanese independence.

70 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring John Stanley and George Spelvin (Wendell Holmes), on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Discordant Bells

Died on this date
John Weir, 57
. U.S. military officer. General Weir headed the Allied commission that investigated European war crimes after World War II. He died of a heart attack.

The New York Herald Tribune listed Remembrance Rock by Carl Sandburg as the best-selling fiction book, and How to Stop Worrying and Start Living by Dale Carnegie as the best-selling non-fiction book.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Mel Ott, 49
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Ott played right field with the New York Giants from 1926-1947, batting .304 with 511 home runs and 1,860 runs batted in in 2,730 games. He led or co-led the National League in home runs six times; led the Giants in home runs for 18 straight years (1928-1945); and was the NL career leader in homers at the time of his retirement. Mr. Ott was known for his "foot in the bucket" batting style of lifting his forward (right) foot prior to swinging. He managed the Giants from 1942-1948, compiling a record of 464-530, and then managed the Oakland Oaks of the Pacific Coast League in 1951-1952 (184-164). Mr. Ott was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1951. He was a colour commentator on radio broadcasts of Detroit Tigers games from 1956-1958. Mr. Ott and his wife were seriously injured in a car accident, and he died a week or so later.

Politics and government
A Soviet-East German commission met in East Berlin to begin discussion of the transfer to East German control of U.S.S.R. functions in the four-power administration of Berlin.

6,700 members of the International Association of Machinists went out on strike throughout the United States, immobilizing Trans World Airlines in a wage dispute.

50 years ago

On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Training: DR-18

Politics and government
The Québec Legislative Assembly voted to abolish the upper house or provincial Senate, and to change the name of the Legislative Assembly to the National Assembly.

U.S. President-elect Richard Nixon named Washington newspaperwoman Mrs. Gerry Van der Heuvel as his press secretary, and designated former San Diego Union editor Herb Klein as director of communications for the Executive Branch, a post described as similar to "assistant to the President."

FLQ terrorists exploded a bomb on Boulevard St-Laurent in Montréal.

40 years ago

On television tonight
The Paper Chase, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Moot Court

The Israeli cabinet voted 15-2 in favour of a U.S. draft of an Egypt-Israel peace treaty that included a pledge of self-determination for Palestinians on the West Bank and Gaza Strip, while rejecting an Egyptian demand for a specific timetable for such action.

Toronto 4 @ Atlanta 3

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Nothing's Gonna Change My Love For You--Glenn Medeiros

Died on this date
Carl Hubbell, 85
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Hubbell, who was known for having the screwball as his main pitch, played with the New York Giants from 1928-1943, compiling a record of 253-154 with an earned run average of 2.98 in 535 games, batting .191 with 4 home runs and 101 runs batted in. He led or co-led the National League in wins three times; in winning percentage twice; and in earned run average three times. Mr. Hubbell set a major league record with 24 consecutive wins from 1936-1937, and was named the NL's Most Valuable Player in 1933 and 1936. He pitched a no-hitter in 1929, and in the 1934 Major League All-Star Game struck out Babe Ruth, Lou Gehrig, Jimmie Foxx, Al Simmons, and Joe Cronin in succession. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1947. Mr. Hubbell was the New York/San Francisco Giants' director of player development from 1943-1978, and was a scout with the team after that until his death from injuries suffered in a car accident, oddly, 30 years to the day after his teammate, Mel Ott, and from the same cause.

Politics and government
The Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney won a second consecutive majority of seats in the House of Commons in the Canadian federal election. The PCs won 169 of 295 seats to 83 for the Liberals, who remained as the official opposition. The New Democratic Party won 43 seats. The PCs won 43% of the popular vote to 32% for the Liberals and 20% for the NDP. The election had been fought mainly over the issue of free trade with the United States, which was favoured by the PCs and opposed by the Liberals and NDP. It was the first election for the Reform Party of Canada, a western-based conservative party. Reform won no seats, but took about 15% of the vote in Alberta. Reform Party leader Preston Manning put up a strong battle against former Prime Minister Joe Clark in the Alberta riding of Yellowhead. It was the last election in which the Social Credit party fielded candidates; they contested only 9 ridings, winning a total of just 3,407 votes and not coming close to winning any seats. Among the successful PC candidates was Scott Thorkelson in Edmonton Strathcona, who won with only 32% of the vote, the lowest share of any federal PC candidate in Alberta in 20 years. Mr. Thorkelson, who had failed in an attempt to be elected president of the University of Alberta Student Union in 1980, won despite committing such blunders as going door-knocking on Halloween. Another successful first-time candidate was Kim Campbell of the Progressive Conservatives, a former cabinet minister in the Social Credit government of British Columbia, who barely won in Vancouver Centre, finishing just 269 votes ahead of NDP candidate Johanna Den Hertog.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Sweat (A La La La La Long)--Inner Circle (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (6th week at #1)

Died on this date
Bill Bixby, 59
. U.S. actor. Mr. Bixby was known for his supporting role in the television comedy series My Favorite Martian (1963-1966) and his starring roles in the television series The Courtship of Eddie's Father (1969-1972) and The Incredible Hulk (1978-1982). He died of prostate cancer.

A piece of street sculpture in Edmonton was rescued by its artist after being sold as scrap metal.

Eastern Final
Hamilton 19 @ Winnipeg 20

Western Final
Edmonton 29 @ Calgary 15

Troy Westwood's fourth field goal of the game with 21 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Blue Bombers their win over the Tiger-Cats before 23,332 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Paul Osbaldiston kicked 4 field goals for the Tiger-Cats, but his 44-yard field goal attempt into the wind on the final play fell short. Winnipeg's only touchdown came in the 1st quarter on a 3-yard pass from Sammy Garza to Gerald Wilcox on a third-down gamble. Most of Hamilton's scoring came in the 2nd quarter, when Dave Dinnall rushed 4 yards for a touchdown and Paul Osbaldiston converted and added 3 field goals to give the Tiger-Cats a 19-13 lead, which held through a scoreless 3rd quarter. Bob Cameron punted 68 yards for a single early in the 4th quarter to reduce the deficit to 19-14 before Mr. Westwood kicked his last 2 field goals.

Damon Allen threw 4 touchdown passes as the Eskimos spoiled the Stampeders' plans to defend their Grey Cup championship at home, defeating their provincial rivals before 20,218 fans at McMahon Stadium in one of the coldest games in history. The temperature was -21 C, with the windchill reaching -35. The Stampeders scored their only touchdown just 3 minutes into the game on a 64-yard punt return by PeeWee Smith. Mark McLoughlin converted and added a field goal to give Calgary a 10-0 lead after the 1st quarter. Glenn Harper punted for a single to get the Eskimos on the scoreboard, and Damon Allen completed a 73-yard pass to Jim Sandusky for a touchdown, converted by Sean Fleming. Mr. McLoughlin added another field goal to give the Stampeders a 13-8 halftime lead on a snow-covered field. Groundskeepers cleared the field at halftime, which seemed to help the Edmonton offense, as they used the strong running of Lucius Floyd to control the ball in the 2nd half. Mr. Allen completed another TD pass to Mr. Sandusky in the 3rd quarter, and Mr. Fleming's convert gave the Eskimos a 15-13 lead after 3 quarters. In the 4th quarter, Mr. Allen connected with Eddie Brown, who carried several Calgary defenders across the goal line to complete a 32-yard touchdown pass. Mr. Allen then found Henry "Gizmo" Williams for a 37-yard gain, and then completed a 16-yard touchdown pass to Jay Christensen. The Stampeders scored their final points in the dying seconds when Mr. Harper conceded a safety touch. Edmonton head coach Ron Lancaster, who had played in his share of cold-weather games, said this was the coldest game he was ever involved in. This blogger was supposed to be there, but I got only a block away from home in Edmonton--where the weather was similar--when the wind whipped up, bringing back memories of a cold game many years earlier, and I turned around and went back to bed.

20 years ago

Atlantic Bowl @ Huskies Stadium, Halifax
Concordia 25 Acadia 24

Churchill Bowl @ Griffiths Stadium, Saskatoon
Western Ontario 17 @ Saskatchewan 33

David Miller-Johnston's fourth field goal of the game, a 45-yard kick with 1:21 remaining in regulation time, gave the Stingers their win over the Axemen. Acadia quarterback Trevor Martin completed 30 of 46 passes for 329 yards with 1 touchdown and 1 interception.

Doug Rozon rushed for 214 yards and a touchdown to help the Huskies defeat the Mustangs. Saskatchewan quarterback Ryan Reid completed 15 of 21 passes for 252 yards and a touchdown.

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