Tuesday, 6 November 2018

November 6, 2018

490 years ago

Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca became the first known European to set foot in the area now known as Texas.

150 years ago

Red Cloud, a leader of the Oglala Lakota Native American tribe, signed the second Treaty of Fort Laramie, ending his war and establishing the Great Sioux Reservation.

130 years ago

Politics and government
Former United States Senator Benjamin Harrison of Indiana, the candidate of the Republican Party, defeated President Grover Cleveland, the Democratic Party nominee, in the U.S. Presidential election, 233 electoral votes to 168. Mr. Cleveland and his vice-presidential running mate, Allen G.Thurman, outpolled Mr. Harrison and his running mate, Levi P. Morton, 5,534,488 (48.6%) to 5,443,892 (47.8%) in the popular vote.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Edsel Ford
. U.S. automobile executive. Mr. Ford, the son of Henry Ford, was president of the Ford Motor Company from 1919 until his death. He founded and named the Mercury division of automobiles, introduced the Ford Model A, and purchased the Lincoln Motor Company. Mr. Ford died of brucellosis on May 26, 1943 at the age of 49, after an operation for stomach cancer. The car known as the Edsel, (model years 1958-1960) was named after him.

Died on this date
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, 53
. Russian composer. Mr. Tchaikovsky, one of the greatest composers of the 19th century, died nine days after conducting the premiere performance of his 6th Symphony (Pathétique) in St. Petersburg. His death was attributed to cholera after drinking contaminated water, but some believe it was suicide.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Tony Canzoneri
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Canzoneri was one of the few men to win world titles in more than one weight division, and to hold more than one simultaneously. He was world featherweight champion (1928); lightweight champion (1930-1933, 1935-1936); and light welterweight champion (1931-1932, 1933). Mr. Canzoneri compiled a record of 137-24-10 in a professional career from 1925-1939. He died on December 9, 1959 at the age of 51, and was inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame in 1990.

100 years ago

Died on this date
Battling Jim Johnson, 31
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Johnson was a heavyweight who compiled a record of 32-38-11-1-1 in a professional career from 1909-1918. A Negro, he fought fellow Negroes Sam Langford 13 times, Joe Jeannette 11 times, and Sam McVea 7 times, but the highlight of his career was challenging Jack Johnson for the world heavyweight title in Paris on December 19, 1913. The fight was regarded as lackluster, and champion Johnson reportedly broke his left arm in the 3rd round, possibly explaining why the challenger held him to a 10-round draw. Battling Jim Johnson was preparing for yet another fight against Mr. Langford in Lowell, Massachusetts, but it was postponed because of the influenza epidemic. While waiting for the fight to be rescheduled, Mr. Johnson caught the flu and died in Boston.

Alan McLeod, 19. Canadian military officer. Lieutenant McLeod, a native of Stonewall, Manitoba and a resident of Winnipeg, joined the Royal Flying Corps in 1917. He received the Victoria Cross for rescuing his observer, Lt. Arthur Hammond, when their plane was shot down on March 27, 1918. Lt. McLeod was wounded three times in that incident and suffered other injuries; he was sent home to Winnipeg, but arrived as the influenza epidemic was spreading, and he caught it and was dead within a week of coming home.

Politics and government
The Provisional People's Government of the Republic of Poland was established.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Arnold Rothstein, 46
. U.S. gangster. Mr. Rothstein, nicknamed "The Brain," was a leader of Jewish organized crime in New York City, and was a pioneer in running organized crime like a corporation, and seeing Prohibition as a business opportunity. He was accused of fixing sports events, most notably the 1919 World Series. Mr. Rothstein died two days after being shot at Park Central Hotel in Manhattan, reportedly after refusing to pay a large debt from a thre-day poker game in October that he claimed had been fixed. Gambler George "Hump" McManus was acquitted of the murder, and no one was ever convicted, although various figures have been named as suspects.

Politics and government
Republican Party candidate Herbert Hoover, with Charles Curtis as his vice presidential running mate, was elected President of the United States. Mr. Hoover received 444 electoral votes (58.2% of the popular vote), while New York Governor and Democratic party presidential candidate Al Smith and running mate Joseph T. Robinson receive 87 electoral votes (40.8% of the popular vote. In the Senate, Republicans won 18 of 32 seats up for election, a gain of 6 at the expense of the Democrats; Henrik Shipstead of the Farmer-Labor Party retained his seat in Minnesota. The results increased the Republican lead in the Senate to 53-39, with 1 Farmer-Labor and 3 vacancies. In the House of Representatives, Republicans won 270 of 435 seats, an increase of 32. The Democrats won 164 seats, a decrease of 30. The Farmer-Labor Party lost one of its two seats, and the Socialist Party lost its only seat.

French Prime Minister Raymond Poincare and his Government of National Union were forced to resign by the extreme section of the Radical-Socialist Party.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Paper Doll--The Mills Brothers

The Soviet Red Army recaptured Kiev, which had been under German occupation since September 19, 1941; before withdrawing, the Germans destroyed most of the city's ancient buildings. British forces in Italy swept across the Trigno River on a 20-mile front from the Adriatic coast, taking nine towns. Japanese troops made a general advance along a 90-mile front from the Yangtze River to Tungting Lake in central China.

An Argentine government decree placed all of the country's wire and radio communications services under the control of the War Ministry for reasons of national defense.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt directed that all government contracts must carry a clause against racial discrimination.

U.S. War Mobilization Director James Byrnes announced the appointment of Bernard Baruch to head a new unit within the Office of War Mobilization to deal with war and postwar adjustment problems.

Regina 0 @ Winnipeg RCAF 1 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Ches McCance scored a single on a missed field goal for the game's only point at Osborne Stadium.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting (6th week at #1)
2 Buttons and Bows--Dinah Shore and the Happy Valley Boys
--The Dinning Sisters
3 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
4 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
5 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
6 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers
--Ella Fitzgerald
--Jon and Sondra Steele
7 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--The Andrews Sisters
8 Until--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
9 Blue Bird of Happiness--Art Mooney and his Orchestra
--Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae
10 Cool Water--Vaughn Monroe and the Sons of the Pioneers

Singles entering the chart were Corn Belt Symphony, with versions by Nev Simons and the Ambassadors of Note; and Jack Emerson with the Chet Howard Trio (#23); What Did I Do, with versions by Dinah Shore; and Margaret Whiting (#25); The Night Has a Thousand Eyes by Vic Damone (#26);

Eastern China Field Army Deputy commander-in-chief General Su Yu launched a large offensive toward Xuzhou, defended by seven different armies under the General Suppression Headquarters of Xuzhou Garrison, the Huaihai Campaign, beginning the largest operational campaign of the Chinese Civil War.

Egyptian troops abandoned the Negev desert, withdrawing southward along the Mediterranean coast to the Gaza area.

Italy and France eliminated visa requirements fo citizens of both countries on trips of less than three months.

German film director Leni Riefenstahl was acquitted by a denazification court in Villingen on charges of collaborating with Germany's Nazi regime.

Montreal (7-5) 26 @ Hamilton (1-10-1) 9
Ottawa (10-2) 14 @ Toronto (5-6-1) 12

Calgary 4 @ Saskatchewan 4 (First game of 2-game total points series)

Eric Chipper kicked a 35-yard field goal with 12 seconds remaining in the game to give the Rough Riders their win over the Argonauts at Varsity Stadium.

Calgary quarterback Keith Spaith punted for a single in each quarter, with his point in the 4th quarter giving the Stampeders their tie against the Roughriders before 7,000 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The Stampeders led 2-0 at halftime, but Harry Hood was rouged on a punt by Ken Charlton to get the Roughriders on the scoreboard before Mr. Spaith restored Calgary's 2-point lead. Gabe Patterson kicked a 20-yard field goal to give the Roughriders a 4-3 lead in the 4th quarter. The tie was the first blemish on Calgary's record in 1948, having won all 12 regular season games.

Canadian university
Western Ontario 34 McGill 9
Toronto 4 Queen's 0

60 years ago

The French Army command for Algeria denied the charges of the Tunisian government that French troops, supported by 42 tanks, had invaded Tunisia in pursuit of Algerian guerrillas.

Politics and government
Two days after dissolving his minority Social Christian cabinet, Belgian Prime Minister Gaston Eyskens formed a coalition Social Christian-Liberal cabinet controlling 125 of 212 seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

A special three-judge U.S. federal court in Jackson, Mississippi upheld the constitutionality of a state registration law which the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peoples contended was adopted solely to bar Negroes from voting.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): With a Little Help from My Friends--Joe Cocker

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (5th week at #1)
2 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
3 Little Arrows--Leapy Lee
4 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
5 Mary, Mary/What am I Doing Hangin' 'Round--The Monkees
6 Over You--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
7 (The Lament of the Cherokee) Indian Reservation--Don Fardon
8 Hold Me Tight--Johnny Nash
9 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
10 I've Gotta Get a Message to You/Kitty Can--The Bee Gees

Singles entering the chart were My Special Angel by the Vogues (#34); Bang-Shang-A-Lang by the Archies (#37); and Rose Coloured Glasses by Johnny Farnham (#39).

At the movies
Head, directed, co-produced, and co-written by Bob Rafelson, and starring the Monkees, received its premiere screening in New York City.

Several hundred people in Prague demonstrated against the U.S.S.R.

Surgeons in Toronto performed the world's first plastic cornea implant in a human eye.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Three Times a Lady--Commodores (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Kisetsu no Naka de--Chiharu Matsuyama

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (5th week at #1)

Heidi Quiring, representing Manitoba, was named Miss Canada at the annual pageant in Toronto, which was televised on CTV.

World events
In the wake of severe rioting in Tehran and other cities, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi declared martial law in Iran.

The New York Times and New York Daily News resumed publication after reaching settlements with 10 unions representing 11,000 workers, ending an 88-day strike.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Desire--U2 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins (2nd week at #1)

730 people were killed when an earthquake struck southwestern China, near the Burmese border.

Hamilton (9-9) 9 @ Toronto (14-4) 49
Ottawa (2-16) 11 @ Saskatchewan (11-7) 45
Calgary (6-12) 19 @ Edmonton (11-7) 20

The Argonauts amassed 442 yards net offense and restricted the Hamilton offense to 194 net yards as they routed the Tiger-Cats before 24,503 fans in the last regular season game at Exhibition Stadium. It was the final game in the four-year CFL career of Hamilton receiver Ron Ingram, who had returned to the Tiger-Cats after spending most of the season with the Edmonton Eskimos.

Jeff Fairholm scored 2 touchdowns and Dave Ridgway set league single-season records for field goals (55) and points (215) as the Roughriders routed the Rough Riders before 25,615 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. It was the last game for Bob Weber as Ottawa's head coach; he posted a record of 2-13 after replacing his brother-in-law, the fired Fred Glick, on an interim basis. Among the players whose careers ended with this game was Ottawa quarterback Roy Dewalt, who played just 4 games in an Ottawa uniform to conclude his 9-year CFL career.

Jerry Kauric's 25-yard field goal with 9 seconds remaining in regulation time gave the Eskimos their win over the Stampeders before 27,499 fans at Commonwealth Stadium, clinching first place in the West Division despite committing 6 turnovers. The Eskimos and Roughriders had split the two games between them, with the Eskimos outscoring the Roughriders 58-53. Henry "Gizmo" Williams scored both Edmonton touchdowns on passes from quarterback Tracy Ham. Edmonton offensive tackle Blake Dermott suffered a season-endng knee injury. It was the final CFL game for Calgary offensive lineman Rudy Phillips, as well as for quarterback Erik Kramer, who missed all of the following season with a knee injury before moving to the National Football League.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): All that She Wants--Ace of Base

#1 single in Italy: Living on My Own--Freddie Mercury (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Boom! Shake the Room--DJ Jazzy Jeff & the Fresh Prince

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Got to Get It--Culture Beat

#1 single in France (SNEP): Living on My Own (1993)--Freddie Mercury (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf
2 Just Kickin' It--Xscape
3 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
4 Again--Janet Jackson
5 Hey Mr. D.J.--Zhane
6 All That She Wants--Ace of Base
7 Anniversary--Tony Toni Tone
8 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
9 What is Love--Haddaway
10 If--Janet Jackson

Singles entering the chart were Sex Me (Parts 1 and 2) by R. Kelly (#54); Linger by the Cranberries (#74); What's it to You by Clay Walker (#75); and Slow and Easy by Zapp & Roger (#81).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (2nd week at #1)
2 No Rain--Blind Melon
3 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
4 Human Wheels--John Mellencamp
5 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
6 When There's Time (For Love)--Lawrence Gowan
7 Two Steps Behind--Def Leppard
8 Reason to Believe--Rod Stewart
9 Everybody Hurts--R.E.M.
10 Hopelessly--Rick Astley

Singles entering the chart were I'm Alive by Jackson Browne (#58); Remedy by The Band (#59); Hero by Mariah Carey (#64); I Said I Loved You...But I Lied by Michael Bolton (#72); Change (Is Never a Waste of Time) by Alanis (#75); I Wanna Shelter You by Bachman (#76); Black on Black II by Heart (#80); 5 Days in May by Blue Rodeo (#81); Cadillac Baby by Colin James (#83); Dreams by Gabriele (#84); Higher Ground by UB40 (#85); All About Soul by Billy Joel (#86); Without a Trace by Soul Asylum (#88); and Voice in My Heart by April Wine (#89).

Died on this date
Jack Hennemier, 80 (?)
. U.S.-born football player and coach. Mr. Hennemier played center and guard at Duke University (1933-1935), and achieved success as a defensive assistant coach with the University of Maryland (1948-1954, 1957-1958), helping the Terrapins win the national championship in 1953. He was the head coach of the Calgary Stampeders (1955-1956), with little success; the Stampeders finished fifth and last in the Western Interprovincial Football Union with a 4-12 record in 1955, and were 2-6 in 1956 when he was fired. Mr. Hennemier held various assistant coaching and scouting positions in later years.

The downtown campus of Grant MacEwan Community College in Edmonton officially opened.

Politics and government
Russian President Boris Yeltsin announced that he would serve out his term until 1996, reversing an earlier statement that presidential elections would be held in June 1994.

British Columbia (10-8) 27 @ Sacramento (6-12) 64

David Archer passed for 375 yards and 4 touchdowns as the Gold Miners ended their first CFL season by routing the Lions before 18,748 fans at Hornet Field. Mr. Archer, who became the third quarterback in CFL history-after Doug Flutie of the Calgary Stampeders and Kent Austin of the Saskatchewan Roughriders--to pass for over 6,000 yards in a season--completed 3 of his TD passes to Carl Parker. Mr. Archer handed off to Mike Pringle for 2 touchdown runs--including one of 44 yards--and Mike Oliphant for another, and scored a TD of his own on a 1-yard quarterback sneak. Greg Joelson returned a fumble 31 yards for another Sacramento touchdown. Gold Miners' kicker Jim Crouch tied a CFL single-game record with 9 converts, and added a single on a missed field goal. B.C. quarterback Danny Barrett completed touchdown passes to Ray Alexander and Darren Flutie in the 3rd quarter and handed off to Sean Millington for a TD in the 4th quarter. Lui Passaglia added 3 converts and 2 field goals. The Gold Miners led 29-6 at halftime.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Sky Low Low, 70
. Canadian wrestler. Sky Low Low, whose real name was Marcel Gauthier, was 3' 6" and weighed 86 pounds, and wrestled professionally from the 1940s through the 1980s, and was world midget champion. He died of a heart attack, and was inducted into the Professional Wrestling Hall of Fame in 2002.

The Electric Tilt Train entered service in Queensland, Australia, becoming one of the fastest trains in the country and the fastest narrow gauge train in service.

10 years ago

Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 7 @ Saitama Seibu Lions 3 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-2)

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