Monday, 1 October 2018

September 29, 2018

440 years ago

South Americana
The Honduran capital of Tegucigalpa was claimed by the Spaniards.

170 years ago

The Battle of Pákozd, the first battle of the Hungarian Revolution, was fought to a stalemate between Hungarian and Croatian forces.

120 years ago

Canada held a national referendum on the prohibition of alcoholic beverages; with 278,380 for and 264,693 against, the government of Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier took no action in view of the close vote.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Eddie Tolan
. U.S. runner. Mr. Tolan, nicknamed the "Midnight Express," won gold medals in the men's 100- and 200-metre runs at the 1932 Summer Olympic Games in Los Angeles, becoming the first non-European to be regarded as the world's fastest man. He died of kidney failure on January 31, 1967 at the age of 58.

The Calgary Rugby Football Union, with several city and district teams, was founded in the offices of the Sovereign Life Insurance Company.

100 years ago

Bulgaria signed the Armistice of Salonica. The Battle of St Quentin Canal took place in France, which led to the British Fourth Army making the first breach of the German defensive Hindenburg Line.

90 years ago

University of Alberta (0-1) 1 @ Edmonton (1-0) 5

Mr. Jones kicked a field goal, Eric Dolighan scored a rouge, and Mr. MacLennan kicked a single for the Eskimos as they beat the Golden Bears at Renfrew Park. It was the Eskimos' first game of senior football since dropping out after the 1924 season.

80 years ago

Germany was given permission from France, Italy, and Great Britain to seize the territory of Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia. The meeting took place in Munich, and leaders from neither the Soviet Union nor Czechoslovakia attended. The agreement was signed on September 29, but wasn't announced until the following day.

75 years ago

Allied European commander General Dwight D. Eisenhower and Italian Prime Minister Pietro Badoglio conferred aboard the British battleship Nelson at Malta, on the means of "making the most effective military effort by the Italians against the common enemy." U.S.S.R. forces took the German stronghold of Kremenchug on the east bank of the Dnieper River in Ukraine. Australian forces tightened their grip on the Japanese base at Finschhafen, New Guinea by seizing Kakakog Spur.

Politics and government
King Peter of Yugoslavia and his government-in-exile arrived in Cairo from London to establish a new headquarters.

The U.S.A. and Mexico reached an agreement for recompensation of Americans affected by Mexico's expropriation of the oil industry in 1938.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Office of War Information reported that excess purchasing power had reached a new high of $51.4 billion, creating a dangerous inflationary threat.

Winnipeg RCAF (2-0) Winnipeg United Services (0-1) 6

Ches McCance scored 2 touchdowns and Johnny Lake added a convert and a single as the Bombers defeated United Services at Osborne Stadium. Lee Sherman kicked 2 field goals for United Services.

70 years ago

Politics and government
The U.S. Justice Department refused to prosecute five scientists accused by the House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities of espionage, claiming there was "absolutely no competent proof" of committee charges.

U.S. Supreme Court Justice Hugo Black stayed a temporary injunction barring U.S. Representative Lyndon Johnson from the ballot in the Texas U.S. Senatorial election, following Mr. Johnson's 41-vote victory over Coke Stevenson in the Democratic Party runoff primary.

The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission ordered General Electric and the University of Chicago, which operated atomic reactors under government contract, not to recognize the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Electric Workers Union or the United Public Workers of America due to the "alleged Communist affiliation" of officials of both unions.

Sibby Sisti singled home pinch runner Phil Masi with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Boston Braves edged the Brooklyn Dodgers 4-3 before 6,524 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn to clinch their first National League pennant in 34 years. Johnny Sain pitched a 7-hit complete game victory to improve his 1948 record to 23-15.

Joe Gordon and Ken Keltner hit consecutive home runs in the 5th inning and consecutive run-scoring doubles in the 7th for the Cleveland Indians as they came back from a 2-0 deficit to defeat the Chicago White Sox 5-2 before 13,559 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland and remain 2 games ahead of the Boston Red Sox and New York Yankees in the American League pennant race. Bob Feller pitched a 10-hit complete game victory to improve his record for the season to 19-14.

The Boston Red Sox scored 3 runs in the 3rd inning and Ellis Kinder scattered 11 hits in pitching a complete game victory as the Boston Red Sox beat the Washington Nationals 5-1 before 7,247 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Hank Bauer hit his first major league home run--a 3-run blow with 2 out in the top of the 6th inning--as the New York Yankees came back from a 2-0 deficit to defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 4-2 before 8,052 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. New York catcher Charlie Silvera batted 3 for 4 with a triple, 3 putouts, and an assist in his first major league game. Bob Porterfield allowed 10 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings to get the win. The Athletics loaded the bases with 1 out in the 9th, but Allie Reynolds entered the game in relief for New York and induced Hank Majeski to ground into a double play to end the game.

Hal Newhouser pitched a 6-hitter for his 20th win of the season and the Detroit Tigers scored 3 runs in the 1st inning and coasted to a 4-0 win over the St. Louis Browns before 1,878 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit.

The London Majors scored 5 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Fort Wayne (Indiana) General Electrics 5-0 in the deciding game of the best-of-seven international sandlot series in Detroit.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (Best Seller--1st week at #1; Hot 100--1st week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards (2nd week at #1)
2 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
3 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers
4 Little Star--The Elegants
5 Rockin' Robin--Bobby Day
6 Summertime Blues--Eddie Cochran
7 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno
8 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke
9 Topsy II--Cozy Cole
10 My True Love--Jack Scott

Singles entering the chart were Fibbin' by Patti Page (#34); Just Young by Andy Rose (#37); There Goes My Heart by Joni James (#40); Hula Hoop Song by Teresa Brewer (#42); With Your Love by Jack Scott (#43); Call Me by Johnny Mathis (#45); Need You by Donnie Owens (#47); Count Every Star by the Rivieras (#50); Gualione by Perez Prado and his Orchestra (#51); Look Who's Blue by Don Gibson (#52); Hideaway by the Four Esquires (#53); When I Grow Too Old to Dream by Ed Townsend (#55); and Mexican Hat Rock by the Applejacks (#58).

On television tonight
Peter Gunn, starring Craig Stevens, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Streetcar Jones

Henry Mancini and musicians under his direction finished recording the album The Music from Peter Gunn in Hollywood.

Politics and government
France notified French Guinea of its separation from the French Union, following the territory's rejection of the new French constitution.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that states could not use "evasive schemes" to perpetuate racial segregation in public schools. Meanwhile, the U.S. Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals issued a restraining order blocking a plan to reopen high schools in Little Rock, Arkansas as private, segregated institutions.

Edmonton (5-4-1) 13 @ Winnipeg (8-2) 43
Saskatchewan (5-3-1) 22 @ British Columbia (0-10) 6

Charlie Shepard rushed for 109 yards and 3 touchdowns to lead the Blue Bombers to their rout of the Eskimos before 18,595 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Edmonton head coach Sam Lyle decided to rest most of his American starters and start Canadian players in their places, but the move backfired. Jackie Parker score both Edmonton touchdowns.

Jack Hill scored 3 touchdowns and 2 converts to lead the Roughriders over the Lions before 20,226 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Reg Whitehouse added the other Saskatchewan convert, and Larry Isbell punted for a single. George Herring completed a 29-yard pass to Sonny Homer for the B.C. touchdown on the second play of the 4th quarter.

Little World Series
Montreal Royals (IL) 1 @ Minneapolis Millers (AA) 7 (Minneapolis won best-of-seven series 4-0)

The Millers scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning and coasted to victory at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington to complete the Series sweep. Winning pitcher Tom Borland retired 20 consecutive batters at one point. Outfielder Lu Clinton led the attack with a 3-run triple in the 3rd and a solo home run in the 4th.

50 years ago

Died on this date
Bill Bridgeman, 51 or 52
. U.S. aviator. Mr. Bridgeman served with the U.S. Navy during World War II and then became a civilian test pilot, setting altitude and speed records with Douglas Aircraft Company in the 1950s. He was a candidate for the U.S. Air Force Man in Space Soonest program until it was cancelled in 1958 and replaced by Project Mercury. Mr. Bridgeman was flying a routine air-taxi flight from Los Angeles to Santa Catalina Island when his Grumman Goose amphibian went down in the Pacific Ocean; his body was never found.

Politics and government
Voters in a Greek referendum approved the new constitution submitted by the ruling military junta to replace the 1952 charter. Final figures showed that 4,638,543 (91.7%) of the 5,048,981 votes cast were in favour of the new constitution.

Toronto (6-3) 15 @ Winnipeg (2-8) 9
Saskatchewan (7-3-1) 35 @ Calgary (8-3) 38

Bill Symons rushed 16 times for 157 yards and 2 touchdowns to lead the Argonauts over the Blue Bombers before 17,000 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Dave Raimey rushed 1 yard for the Winnipeg touchdown.

Peter Liske set a Western Football Conference single-game record with 553 yards passing, connecting with Gerry Shaw for the winning touchdown with less than 3 minutes remaining in the game as the Stampeders edged the Roughriders before 23,380 fans at McMahon Stadium. Herm Harrison led the Stampeders with 12 receptions for 237 yards and 2 touchdowns.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Skateboard ("LA Run")--Magnum Bonum (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

Politics and government
The South African Parliament elected John Vorster, who had recently resigned as Prime Minister, to the ceremonial office of President.

A four-day nationwide rail strike in the United States, which had shut down 70% of the nation's rail lines and led to the beginning of layoffs in the automobile industry, ended when the railway clerks union accepted a federal court order to go back to work, two days after U.S. President Jimmy Carter had invoked the Railway Labor Act.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Yé ké yé ké--Mory Kanté

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Hän--J. Karjalainen ja Mustat lasit

Died on this date
Charles Addams, 76
. U.S. cartoonist. Mr. Addams was known for his macabre characters that became known as the Addams Family, serving as the inspiration for the television and movie series. His cartoons appeared in The New Yorker magazine from 1938 until his death.

The U.S. space shuttle Discovery was launched from Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin the four-day mission STS-26, the first mission after the January 28, 1986 space shuttle Challenger disaster. The crew was Frederick Hauck, Commander; Richard Covey, Pilot; John Lounge, David Hilmers, and George Nelson, Mission Specialists.

Four days after setting a world record of 10.49 seconds in the women's 100-metre run in Seoul, Florence Griffith-Joyner of the United States set a world record of 21.34 seconds in the women's 200-metre run.

Carolyn Waldo of Canada won a gold medal in synchronized swimming in Seoul.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Living on My Own '93--Freddie Mercury

Died on this date
Gordon Douglas, 85
. U.S. movie director. Born Gordon Douglas Brickner, Mr. Douglas directed Our Gang comedy short films in the 1930s and feature films such as Saps at Sea (1940); I was a Communist for the F.B.I. (1951); Them! (1954); Sincerely Yours (1955); Follow That Dream (1962); Robin and the 7 Hoods (1964); Stagecoach (1966); and In Like Flint (1967). He was the only person to direct both Frank Sinatra and Elvis Presley on film. Mr. Douglas died of cancer.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Tom Bradley, 80
. U.S. politician. Mr. Bradley, a Democrat, was Mayor of Los Angeles from 1973-1993; he was the first Negro to hold the position, and the longest-serving mayor in the city's history. Mr. Bradley was a police officer in Los Angeles from 1940-1961, and a lawyer after that before entering politics. He was the Democratic Party candidate for Governor of California in 1982 and 1986, but lost both times.

American League Division Series
Texas 0 @ New York 2 (New York led best-of-five series 1-0)
Boston 11 @ Cleveland 3 (Boston led best-of-five series 1-0)

National League Division Series
San Diego 2 @ Houston 1 (San Diego led best-of-five series 1-0)

10 years ago

Died on this date
Milt Davis, 79
. U.S. football player. Dr. Davis, who was of mixed American Indian and Negro ancestry, was a defensive back with the University of California at Los Angeles Bruins from 1952-1953, and was drafted by the Detroit Lions in 1954. He spent two years in the U.S. Army, and when he got to Detroit he was let go by the Lions because they told him that they couldn't find a Negro roommate for him on road trips. Dr. Davis joined the Baltimore Colts in 1957, and was a first team All-Pro in his rookie season, leading the National Football League in interceptions (12) for 219 yards and 2 touchdowns. In 1958, he made 4 interceptions for 40 yards, and made a crucial forced fumble in helping the Colts win the NFL championship game against the New York Giants despite playing with two broken bones in his foot. Dr. Davis was a second team All-Pro in 1959, leading the league in interceptions (7) for 119 yards and a touchdown, helping the Colts beat the Giants again in the championship game. He returned 6 interceptions for 32 yards in 1960, but retired after that season in disgust at the racial discrimination he faced. Dr. Davis earned a doctorate in education, eventually serving as a professor of natural history at Los Angeles City College from 1964-1989. He died of brain cancer.

Al Sparks, 75 (?). Canadian boxer. Mr. Sparks, who was based in Winnipeg, began his professional career in 1956, and was Canadian light heavyweight champion from 1968-1973, except for a brief period in 1968 when he lost the title to Rene Durelle and then regained it. In his last successful title defense, on February 21, 1972, he knocked out Stewart Gray, who died the next day. Mr. Sparks lost his title to Gary Summerhays in a split decision, lost another decision in 1973, and didn't fight again until 1977, when he won an 8-round decision in Winnipeg over George Jerome and then retired for good. Mr. Sparks compiled a professional record of 23-13-1.

Economics and finance
The Dow Jones industrial average fell a record 777.68 points after the U.S. House of Representatives defeated a $700-billion emergency rescue plan for the nation's financial system. The crisis in the United States caused the Standard & Poor/Toronto Stock Exchange Composite Index to drop by 840.93 points, the most in eight years; the TSX lost $100-billion in market value, and the Dow Jones $1.2-trillion.

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