Tuesday, 16 October 2018

October 16, 2018

225 years ago

Died on this date
Marie Antoinette, 37
. Queen consort of France and Navarre, 1774-1792. Marie Antoinette was born an Archduchess of Austria, and married the future King Louis XVI in 1770, when she was 14. She became Queen consort when Louis XVI acceded to the throne in 1774. Queen Marie Antoinette eventually became unpopular, and she and King Louis were imprisoned after the monarchy was abolished in 1792. She was convicted of high treason after a two-day trial, and executed by guillotine, nine months after the execution of her husband, and 17 days before her 38th birthday.

The Battle of Wattignies in France ended in a French victory over Austrian and Dutch forces.

200 years ago

Born on this date
William Forster
. Indian-born Australian politician. Mr. Forster moved to Australia with his family in 1829. He was an independent politician, serving in state politics in New South Wales for more than 20 years, and serving as Premier from October 1859-March 1860. Mr. Forster died on October 30, 1882, two weeks after his 64th birthday.

140 years ago

Politics and government
Robert Davis resigned as Premier of Manitoba after almost four years in office; he was succeeded by John Norquay.

130 years ago

World Series
St. Louis Browns 1 @ New York Giants 2 (New York led best-of-ten series 1-0)

Tim Keefe pitched a 3-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Silver King, who also gave up just 3 hits, before 4,876 fans at the Polo Grounds The Giants scored a run in the bottom of the 2nd inning, the Browns replied with a run in the top of the 3rd, and the Giants scored the winning run in the bottom of the 3rd. The American Association champion Browns made 5 errors, while the National League champion Giants made 4.

120 years ago

Born on this date
William O. Douglas
. Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States, 1939-1975. Justice Douglas was chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission from 1937-1939 and was appointed to the U.S. Supreme Court by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He served the longest term in that court’s history, making his mark as an advocate of civil liberties. Perhaps his best-known ruling was in Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), where he invented a so-called "right to privacy." Mr. Douglas appears to have been an earlier version of Bill Clinton: an inveterate womanizer who survived impeachment attempts, and whose life story was largely fabricated--with the added feature of being a heavy drinker. For more on this slimy individual, go here.

110 years ago

The Edmonton Rugby Foot-ball Club reorganized as the Edmonton Esquimaux (later Edmonton Eskimos).

90 years ago

Politics and government
Franklin D. Roosevelt accepted the Democratic Party nomination for Governor of New York.

In Washington, a recommendation that the Episcopal Church incorporate in the Book of Common Prayer a special service for Independence Day was adopted in the House of Bishops by a margin of one vote, a week after being accepted by the House of Deputies without debate.

70 people drowned in a collision near Taku between two coasting steamers of the China Merchant Steam Navigation Company.

80 years ago

Aaron Copland's Billy the Kid received its premiere performance at the Civic Opera House in Chicago.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sunday, Monday, or Always--Bing Crosby and the Ken Darby Singers (6th week at #1)

U.K. Air Undersecretary Lord Sherwood said that Germany had lost more than 10,000 planes in Western Europe and at least another 5,000 in the Mediterranean theatre. Driving south from Zaporozhe, Soviet units advanced 6 miles, occupying six towns. Japanese troops invading China's Yunnan Province reached the southern approaches to Mamienkwan, the strongest Chinese position west of the Salween River. U.K. troops in Burma successfully attacked Maungdaw, 56 miles of northwest of Akyab.

German security and police forces captured 1,259 people--363 men, 689 women, and 207 children--in a raid on the Ghetto of Rome. Gentile prisoners were later freed, while the 1,023 Jews were deported to the Auschwitz death camp in Poland.

The Remington Arms Company announced that it was manufacturing a new type of incendiary ammunition that pierced the self-sealing tanks of airplanes.

Politics and government
The Young Communist League of the United States was dissolved at a meeting in New York. The 400 delegates formed a new organization called Youth for Democracy, which would take in non-Communist youth.

Chicago's first subway system began operation.

Economics and finance
The Mexican government lifted ceilings established the previous month and admitted its inability to control the cost of living.

Winnipeg United Services (1-3) 5 @ Regina (2-3) 6

Ken Charlton scored a touchdown and Frank Mathers added the convert to provide the winning margin as the All-Services Roughriders edged United Services at Parc de Young. Bill Ceretti scored the Winnipeg touchdown.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting (4th week at #1)
2 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
3 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
4 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--The Andrews Sisters
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
--Anne Vincent
5 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers
--Ella Fitzgerald
--Jon and Sondra Steele
6 Hair of Gold, Eyes of Blue--Gordon MacRae and the Starlighters
--Jerry Murad's Harmonicats
--Jack Emerson
7 Cool Water--Vaughn Monroe and the Sons of the Pioneers
8 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
9 Love Somebody--Doris Day and Buddy Clark
10 Until--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra

Singles entering the chart were Say Something Sweet to Your Sweetheart by Jo Stafford and Gordon MacRae with the Starlighters (#22); It's a Most Unusual Day, with versions by Ray Noble and his Orchestra; and Vera Lynn (#24); On a Slow Boat to China by the Kay Kyser Orchestra (#28); Cuanto la Gusta by Carmen Miranda and the Andrews Sisters (#32); and Ah But it Happens by Frankie Laine (#33). Say Something Sweet to Your Sweetheart was the B-side of Blue Bird of Happiness by Miss Stafford and Mr. MacRae, charting at #15 with the version by Art Mooney and his Orchestra.

Israeli-Egyptian clashes over Jewish road communications in the Negev desert flared into open fighting, in violation of the United Nations-supervised cease-fires.

U.S. President Harry Truman ordered an increase in the strength of U.S. military reserves.

Politics and government
The Philippine Justice Department outlawed the Communist Party.

The Finnish government eliminated the political police established by former Interior Minister Yrjo Leino.

Economics and finance
France announced a partial devaluation of the franc, setting dollar exchange rates at the median between the fixed official rate (214 francs per U.S. dollar) and the free market rate (313 francs per U.S. dollar).

The Canadian Labour Congress concluded a six-day convention in Toronto by re-electing anti-Communist A.R. Mosher as President.

Horse racing
Citation won the International Gold Cup at Belmont Park, New York.

Toronto (4-4-1) 6 @ Ottawa (7-1) 41

Calgary (10-0) 8 @ Saskatchewan (2-8) 7

Chick Chikowsky scored a touchdown for the Stampeders, converted by Fred Wilmot, while Keith Spaith punted for 2 singles as they edged the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina. Sully Glasser scored the Saskatchewan touchdown, with Gabe Patterson adding a convert and a single.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Robert Redfield, 60
. U.S. anthropologist. Dr. Redfield was an expert in Latin American ethnography who taught at the University of Chicago from 1927 until his death. He increasingly adopted an interdisciplinary approach to his work in books such as The Little Community (1956).

The U.S.S.R. launched a "strong protest" against alleged violations of Soviet Far Eastern territory by U.S. aircraft.

French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle informed Guinean Prime Minister Sekou Toure that France would delay her recognition of Guinea until the new government had demonstrated its ability to rule.

U.K. First Sea Lord Mountbatten, visting the U.S.A. for talks with Admiral Arleigh Burke, disclosed British plans to launch a nuclear-powered submarine by 1961 and to form a permanent Far Eastern carrier force stationed at Singapore.

Sponsors dropped the NBC television quiz show Twenty-One, which was under grand jury investigation for prearrangement of contest results. Dotto had been abruptly cancelled two months earlier, beginning the quiz show scandals.

Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 4 @ Nishitetsu Lions 6 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 3-1)

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin (4th week at #1)

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Hey Jude/Revolution--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
3 Help Yourself--Tom Jones
4 I've Gotta Get a Message to You/Kitty Can--The Bee Gees
5 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
6 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
7 Dream a Little Dream of Me--Mama Cass
8 Classical Gas--Mason Williams
9 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
10 Street Fighting Man/No Expectations--The Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Those were the Days/Make it Go by Sandie Shaw (#33); The Lion Sleeps Tonight by the Love Machine (#36); and Mothers and Fathers by Jonne Sands (#39).

At the movies
The Boston Strangler, directed by Richard Fleischer and starring Tony Curtis, Henry Fonda, and George Kennedy, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Ellis Kinder, 54
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Kinder played with the St. Louis Browns (1946-1947); Boston Red Sox (1948-1955); St. Louis Cardinals (1956); and Chicago White Sox (1956-1957), compiling a record of 102-71 with 102 saves and an earned run average of 3.43. His best season was 1949, when he was 23-6 with 6 shutouts. He moved to the bullpen in 1951 and was the best relief pitcher in the American League for the next four years. Mr. Kinder, a heavy drinker, died after undergoing open-heart surgery.

Soviet Premier Aleksei Kosygin and other Soviet officials signed in Prague a treaty giving the U.S.S.R. the right to station troops in Czechoslovakia "temporarily."

Politics and government
Alderman Ivor Dent was elected Mayor of Edmonton in the municipal election, finishing more than 7,000 votes ahead of opponents Reg Easton and Les Bodie.

Kingston, Jamaica was rocked by the beginning of the Rodney riots, the day after the Jamaican government's decision to bar university lecturer and Black Power activist Walter Rodney from returning from a conference in Montreal to his teaching position at the University of the West Indies.

U.S. runners Tommie Smith and John Carlos gave the Black Power salute during the medal ceremony following the men's 200-metre run at the Summer Olympic Games in Mexico City (see also here). Mr. Smith had won the gold medal and Mr. Carlos the bronze.

Jim Dorey made his first National Hockey League game a memorable one. The Toronto Maple Leafs' defenceman set NHL records for penalties and penalty minutes for both a single game and a period in a game against the Pittsburgh Penguins at Maple Leaf Gardens. After picking up 4 minutes in penalties on 2 minors in the first period, Mr. Dorey amassed 44 penalty minutes in the second period, on 7 penalties: 2 minors, 2 majors, 2 10-minute misconducts, and a game misconduct. His NHL records have since been erased, but they still stand as team records.

Nippon Series
Yomiuri Giants 9 @ Hankyu Braves 4 (Yomiuri led best-of-seven series 2-1)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Are You Old Enough--Dragon (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Tomei Ningen--Pink Lady (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Dan Dailey, 62
. U.S. actor. Mr. Dailey was known for his appearances in musical films such as Mother Wore Tights (1947); When My Baby Smiles at Me (1948); and There's No Business Like Show Business (1954). He died from complications following hip replacement surgery.

Cardinal Karol Wojtyla, Archbishop of Krakow, was named to succeed Pope John Paul I, who had died on September 28 after just 33 days in office. The new pope, who took the name John Paul II, became the first non-Italian pope since the death of Adrian VI in 1523.

Politics and government
The Progressive Conservatives won 9 of 15 seats in by-elections for the Canadian House of Commons. The governing Liberals of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau lost 5 seats. In the Manitoba riding of St. Boniface, PC candidate Jack Hare was elected, while Lorne Reznowski, who had been elected leader of the federal Social Credit Party five months earlier, finished fourth with only 1,204 votes (2.76%), leading to his resignation as party leader four months later.

Indianapolis 4 @ Quebec 0

Wayne Gretzky, in his third game as a member of the Indianapolis Racers, scored his first professional point, assisting on a goal by Rich Leduc as the Racers shut out the Nordiques at Le Colisee.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Desire--U2

#1 single in Switzerland: Hand in Hand--Koreana (5th week at #1)

On television tonight
Glory Enough for All: Part I, on CBC

This two-part made-for-television movie about the discovery of insulin was directed by Eric Till and starred R.H. Thomson as Frederick Banting and Robert Wisden as Charles Best.

Winnipeg (9-6) 35 @ Hamilton (7-8) 29
British Columbia (7-8) 25 @ Saskatchewan (10-5) 28
Edmonton (10-5) 32 @ Calgary (5-10) 29

Sean Salisbury completed 21 of 33 passes for 426 yards and 4 touchdowns to lead the Blue Bombers over the Tiger-Cats before 14,106 fans at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Tom Burgess passed for 349 yards and 2 touchdowns, with the second, for 21 yards to Ray McDonald late in the game, enabling the Roughriders to defeat the Lions before 27,649 fans at Taylor Field in Regina, clinching a playoff spot for Saskatchewan for the first time in 12 years.

The Eskimos trailed the Stampeders 28-17 in the 4th quarter before 29,430 fans at McMahon Stadium when quarterback Damon Allen led them to 2 late touchdowns, scoring the winning TD on a 1-yard rush with 47 seconds remaining, as the Eskimos snapped a 2-game losing streak.

World Series
Oakland Athletics 0 @ Los Angeles Dodgers 6 (Los Angeles led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Orel Hershiser pitched a 3-hit shutout and made 3 hits of his own, scoring a run in the 3rd inning and doubling in a run in the 4th, before 56,051 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Dodgers scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning, 3 on a home run by Mike Marshall. Storm Davis started on the mound for Oakland and gave up 8 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 3 1/3 innings. Oakland left fielder Dave Parker had 3 singles in 4 at bats, the only hits off Mr. Hershiser. Mr. Hershiser became the first pitcher since Art Nehf of the New York Giants in 1924 to make 3 hits in a World Series game.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Living on My Own--Freddie Mercury (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Living on My Own--Freddie Mercury

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Living on My Own (1993)--Freddie Mercury (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): It Keeps Rainin' (Tears from My Eyes)--Bitty McLean

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Relight My Fire--Take That featuring Lulu (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Dreamlover--Mariah Carey (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Cash Box): Dreamlover--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey (5th week at #1)
2 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
3 Reason to Believe--Rod Stewart
4 I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf
5 If--Janet Jackson
6 Rain--Madonna
7 Two Steps Behind--Def Leppard
8 Cryin'--Aerosmith
9 No Rain--Blind Melon
10 Human Wheels--John Mellencamp

Singles entering the chart were Possessions by Sarah McLachlan (#69); And If Venice is Sinking by Spirit of the West (#84); Rubberband Girl by Kate Bush (#94); I Believe by Robert Plant (#95); and Mr. Vain by Culture Beat (#96).

The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously to impose a naval blockade on Haiti in an attempt to force the government to resign in order to permit implementation of an agreement to restore exiled President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to office by October 30. Canadian forces pulled out of Haiti; two Canadian destroyers and a supply ship joined the blockade.

Roger Warren was charged with first-degree murder for the September 18, 1992, bomb blast at Giant Mine in Yellowknife that killed nine miners during a labour dispute.

An anti-Nazism riot broke out in Welling in Kent, England after police stopped protesters approaching the British National Party headquarters.

Ottawa (3-12) 1 @ Edmonton (9-6) 19

Damon Allen threw touchdown passes of 71 yards to Eddie Brown in the 1st quarter and 102 yards to Henry "Gizmo" Williams in the 2nd quarter as the Eskimos beat the Rough Riders before 25,140 fans at Commonwealth Stadium on a beautiful Saturday afternoon in one of the dullest games this blogger has ever attended. The 2 touchdowns were the only exciting plays of the game; Mr. Williams' TD was the longest completed pass in Eskimo history to that time. Ottawa averted a shutout in the 2nd quarter when Greg Duncan, playing his only CFL game, scored a single on a missed field goal attempt.

World Series
Philadelphia Phillies 5 @ Toronto Blue Jays 8 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 1-0)

With the Phillies leading 4-3, Toronto center fielder Devon White hit a solo home run to tie the game in the bottom of the 5th. First baseman John Olerud hit a solo homer in the bottom of the 6th to give the Blue Jays a 5-4 lead, and the Blue Jays added 3 insurance runs in the 7th before 52,011 fans at SkyDome. Juan Guzman started on the mound for Toronto and gave up 5 hits and 4 runs in 4 innings. Al Leiter relieved him and pitched 2 2/3 scoreless innings to get the win, with Duane Ward pitching 1 1/3 innings for the save. Philadelphia starter Curt Schilling was charged with the loss, giving up 8 hits and 7 runs--6 earned--in 6 1/3 innings.

20 years ago

David Trimble and John Hume were named recipients of the 1998 Nobel Peace Prize for brokering the Northern Ireland peace accord.

World events
Former Chilean dictator General Augusto Pinochet was arrested in London on a warrant from Spain requesting his extradition on murder charges.

Hamilton (11-4-1) 34 @ Saskatchewan (5-11) 31

Paul Osbaldiston's fourth field goal of the game, a 31-yard kick on the last play of regulation time, gave the Tiger-Cats their win over the Roughriders before 21,893 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. The Tiger-Cats had tied the game with 9:43 remaining on an 8-yard touchdown rush by Ronald Williams, converted by Mr. Osbaldiston.

10 years ago

Politics and government
Lorne Calvert, who had served as Premier of Saskatchewan from 2001-2007, announced his intention to resign as leader of the provincial New Democratic Party.

A bomber hit another Encana natural gas pipeline facility off British Columbia Highway 2.

American League Championship Series
Tampa Bay 7 @ Boston 8 (Tampa Bay led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Down 7-0 after 6 1/2 innings and facing elimination, the Red Sox rallied with 4 runs in the 7th and 3 in the 8th. With 2 out in the bottom of the 9th, Kevin Youkilis reached second base on an error by Evan Longoria and scored the winning run on a single by J.D. Drew, toe the delight of 38,437 fans at Fenway Park.

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