Sunday, 16 May 2021

May 15, 2021

1,800 years ago

Warlord Liu Bei proclaimed himself emperor of Shu Han, the successor of the Han dynasty.

560 years ago

Died on this date
Domenico Veneziano, 51 (?)
. Mr. Veneziano worked in Rome, Perugia, and Tuscany, and was known for frescoes such as Adorazione dei Magi (Adoration of the Magi) (1439-1441).

230 years ago

Politics and government
French revolutionary leader Maximilien Robespierre proposed the Self-denying Ordinance, barring any member of the Constituent Assembly from sitting in its successor, the Legislative Assembly.

170 years ago

Economics and finance
The first Australian gold rush was proclaimed, although the discovery had been made three months earlier.

120 years ago

Nicholas Oates was fined £1 (equivalent to $190 in 2020) plus costs at Christchurch Magistrate’s Court in Christchurch, New Zealand for driving "a motor car within the city at a speed greater than four miles an hour" on Lincoln Road, Christchurch.

Watty Lee (3-1) pitched a 4-hitter for the American League’s first shutout since becoming a major league as the Washington Senators blanked the Boston Americans 4-0 before 3,285 fans at Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds in Boston. Mr. Lee batted 2 for 4 with a run batted in.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Howie Storie
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Storie was a catcher with the Boston Red Sox (1931-1932), batting .200 with no home runs or runs batted in in 12 games. He played five seasons in the minor leagues (1931-1935) before returning to his home town of Pittsfield, Massachusetts, where he died of a heart attack while tending bar on July 27, 1968 at the age of 57.

Herta Oberheuser. German physician. Dr. Oberheuser specialized in dermatology after obtaining her medical degree in Bonn in 1937. She served as doctor for the League of German Girls before working at Ravensbrück women's concentration camp during World War II, where she performed atrocities on the prsioners. Dr. Oberheuser was the only female defendant in the Nuremberg "Doctors' trial" (1946-1947), where she was convicted of crimes against humanity and sentenced to 20 years in prison. She was released after five years, and was a family doctor in Stocksee, West Germany before losing her job and her medical license after being recognized in 1958 by a Ravensbruck survivor. Dr. Oberheuser never practiced medicine again, and died on January 24, 1978 at the age of 66.

More than 300 Chinese immigrants were massacred in Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico when the forces of the Mexican Revolution led by Emilio Madero took the city from the Federales.

Politics and government
The Canadian Parliament approved the Indian Act; under paragraph 49A of the Act, the Government of Canada now had the power to expropriate any Indian reserve located near the town of 8,000 residents or more, regardless of any treaty or agreement prior to the reservation.

In Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey v. United States, the United States Supreme Court declared Standard Oil to be an "unreasonable" monopoly under the Sherman Antitrust Act and ordered the company to be broken up.

The Philadelphia Phillies amassed 43 total bases on 22 hits as they routed the Cincinnati Reds 21-5 at National League Park in Philadelphia. The Phillies scored 6 runs in each of the 2nd and 6th innings. Barney Schreiber, the last of three Cincinnati pitchers, allowed 8 hits and 7 runs in 3 innings, striking out 3 batters and walking none, striking out in his only plate appearance in his major league debut. Danny Mahoney appeared as a pinch runner for the Reds in his only major league game; he was replaced by catcher Hank Severeid, who batted 0 for 1 and made 2 putouts in his first major league game.

The Boston Rustlers scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning, but still lost 12-10 to the Pittsburgh Pirates at South End Grounds in Boston. Pittsburgh shortstop Honus Wagner batted 3 for 5 with a home run, double, 3 runs, and 4 runs batted in, while catcher Mike Simon was 5 for 5 with a run and an RBI. Claude Hendrix made his major league debut as a pinch runner for the Pirates.

80 years ago

U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the House of Commons that French authorities were allowing German aircraft to use Syrian airports as staging posts for flights to Iraq.

Vichy French Prime Minister Marshal Philippe Pétain said in a radio address that he had approved Vice Premier François Darlan's May 12 meeting with German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler at Berchtesgaden "in principle;" the Vichy cabinet had reportedly approved a policy of submitting to German demands.

Following Marshal Pétain's speech on collaboration, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt warned the Vichy regime against any "voluntary alliance" to "deliver up France and its colonial empire...with the menace which that involves to the peace and safety of the Western Hemisphere." The U.S. Coast Guard placed guards on 11 French ships in U.S. ports, including the liner Normandie. The U.S. Senate voted 59-20 in favour of the alien ship seizure bill, and sent it to conference with minor amendments. The Gloster E.28/39--the first British and Allied jet aircraft--made its first flight. Gloster's Chief Test Pilot, Flight Lieutenant Gerry Sayer, flew the aircraft under jet power for the first time from RAF Cranwell, near Sleaford in Lincolnshire, England, in a flight lasting 17 minutes.

A communique from Rome announced that the restoration of the Kingdom of Croatia under the Crown of Zvonimir had been proclaimed in Zagreb on May 14.

Politics and government
Elie Lescot was inaugurated in Port-au-Prince as the 30th President of the Republic of Haiti.

Dr. Henry Poncher of the University of Illinois reported that the discovery of Vitamin K was proving to be of great value in preventing hemorrhages in babies during the first week of life.

The Bolivian government expropriated the German-owned airline Lloyd Aereo Boliviano, which held an exclusive franchise for service within the country.

The U.S. National Labor Relations Board reported that employees of Bethlehem Steel's plant in Lackawanna, New York had voted overwhelmingly to be represented by the Congress of Industrial Organizations' Steel Workers Organizing Committee.

The Chicago White Sox, behind the pitching of Eddie Smith (3-1), whipped the New York Yankees 13-1 before 9,040 fans at Yankee Stadium, but Yankees’ center fielder Joe DiMaggio had a single in 4 at bats to begin his major league record 56-game hitting streak. Chicago leadoff hitter Bill Knickerbocker, a former Yankee, batted 4 for 5 with a home run, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in.

The Philadelphia Phillies rallied for 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning to overcome a 3-1 deficit and defeat the Cincinnati Reds 5-4 before 18,814 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati.

75 years ago

The Council of Foreign Ministers voted to adjouorn their conference in Paris until June 15, 1946 after failing to agree on major issues in the Italian and Balkan peace treaties.

The Arab High Commission demanded dissolution of the Jewish Agency, which it held responsible for illegal immigration to Palestine.

Politics and government
Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek shuffled his cabinet in an effort to gain leftist support, but the ruling Kuomintang party remained in control.

German Social Democratic Party leader Kurt Schumacher charged that most of the police in the British zone of occupation were former Nazi Party members.

South Carolina lowered the voting age in the coming primaries from 21 to 18.

British Columbia District 1 of the International Woodworkers of America went on strike after coast-wide bargaining rights were won in 1943; 27,000 workers went off the job at coastal and interior industries, with Canadian Congress of Labour (CCL) affiliates. The strike was settled on June 20, 1946.

The American Baseball Guild informed the Pittsburgh Pirates that a majority of their players were union members and wished to discuss collective bargaining.

U.S. soft coal operators "unequivocally" rejected United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis's demand for a 7% payroll levy to finance a miners' health and welfare fund.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight’s episode: Too Hot to Live, starring Olive Deering and William Redfield

Died on this date
Charles Bayard Lister, 52
. U.S. lobbyist. Mr. Lister, executive director of the National Rifle Association, died in Washington.

Married on this date
Acting East German Premier Walter Ulbricht and Communist Party official Lotte Kuehn were married.

Divorced on this date
U.S. comedian Groucho Marx and his wife Kay were divorced in Hollywood.

Politics and government
The Panamanian Congress voted to sit as a court and try recently-ousted President Arnulfo Arias on charges that he had abused his powers in attempting to set aside the 1946 constitution.

The U.S.A. announced that it was sounding out other NATO members on the admission of Greece and Turkey to the North Atlantic pact.

U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff head General Omar Bradley testified before the Senate Foreign Affairs and Armed Services Committees, claiming that Gen. Douglas MacArthur's plan for an expanded Far Eastern conflict would weaken the ability of the U.S.A. to defend itself against the U.S.S.R., its primary enemy.

The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission announced the awarding of contacts to Dow Chemical and three power companies for studies in the industrial use of atomic energy.

The Detroit Tigers traded pitcher Saul Rogovin to the Chicago White Sox for pitcher Bob Cain. Mr. Rogovin was 1-1 with an earned run average of 5.25 in 5 games with Detroit in 1951, batting .286 (2 for 7) with 2 runs batted in . Mr. Cain was 1-2 with a 3.76 ERA in 4 games with Detroit in 1951, batting .333 (3 for 9).

Bud Stewart led off the 11th inning with a base on balls and Nellie Fox followed with his first major league home run to break a 7-7 tie as the Chicago White Sox beat the Boston Red Sox 9-7 before 8,923 fans at Fenway Park on a day that celebrated the 50th anniversary of American League baseball in Boston. Ted Williams of the Red Sox hit his 300th career major league homer in the 4th inning.

Don Lenhardt batted 3 for 5 with a home run and 5 runs batted in to help the St. Louis Browns defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 11-8 before 4,574 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Gus Zernial drove in 3 Philadelphia runs with a pair of home runs. Tod Davis grounded out as a pinch hitter for the Athletics in the 3rd inning in the 42nd and last game of his 2-year major league career.

Johnny Pramesa's home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 7th inning, which landed on the roof of the laundromat behind the left field fence, proved to be the only run as the Cincinnati Reds edged the Boston Braves 1-0 before 12,176 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. Ewell Blackwell (5-2) pitched a 1-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Vern Bickford (5-2), who allowed just 2 hits. Bob Elliott doubled to lead off the 5th inning for the only Boston hit, while Connie Ryan doubled with 1 out in the 6th for the first Cincinnati hit.

Pinch hitter Bill Nicholson singled home Willie Jones and Granny Hamner with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 3-3 tie as the Philadelphia Phillies held on to edge the St. Louis Cardinals 5-4 before 13,837 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Enos Slaughter doubled with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th and scored on a wild pitch by Jack Meyer (2-1) with 2 out. Robin Roberts relieved Mr. Meyer with the potential tying run on second base, and retired Joe Garagiola on a ground ball to shortstop to end the game.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Quince Años Tiene Mi Amor--Dúo Dinámico (9th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Et maintenant--Gilbert Bécaud (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Runaway--Del Shannon (4th week at #1)
2 Mother-in-Law--Ernie K-Doe
3 A Hundred Pounds of Clay--Gene McDaniels
4 I've Told Every Little Star--Linda Scott
5 Daddy's Home--Shep and the Limelites
6 You Can Depend on Me--Brenda Lee
7 Blue Moon--The Marcels
8 Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
9 Mama Said--The Shirelles
10 Take Good Care of Her--Adam Wade

Singles entering the chart were I Feel So Bad by Elvis Presley (#43); Barbara-Ann by the Regents (#59); You Always Hurt the One You Love by Clarence Henry (#76); The Writing on the Wall by Adam Wade (#77); (I've Got) Spring Fever by Little Willie John (#78); Every Beat of My Heart by the Pips (#81); Every Beat of My Heart by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#83); I Don't Mind by James Brown and the Famous Flames (#85); Miss Fine by the New Yorkers (#87); The Boll Weevil Song by Brook Benton (#90); I Can't Do it by Myself by Anita Bryant (#91); It Keeps Rainin' by Fats Domino (#94); For Your Love by the Wanderers (#95); Brother-in-Law (He's a Moocher) by Paul Peek (#98); The Girl's a Devil by the Dukays (#99); and Here's My Confession by Wyatt (Earp) McPherson (#100). The version of Every Beat of My Heart by the Pips had originally been recorded for Huntom Records, who then sold the master recording to Vee-Jay Records, and it was released on that label. The group re-recorded the song under the name Gladys Knight and the Pips for Fury Records. Brother-in-Law (He's a Moocher) was an "answer" to Mother-in-Law.

U.S. Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy telephoned Alabama officials to urge protection for the Freedom Riders who were travelling from Washington, D.C. to promote civil rights for Negroes in southern states. Alabama Governor John Patterson issued a statement saying, "The citizens of the state are so enraged I cannot guarantee protection for this bunch of rabble-rousers."

An outbreak of measles killed 20 people in a private institution for the mentally disabled in Austin, near Magog, Quebec; victims succumbed to complications or encephalitis.

Economics and finance
Pope John XXIII issued a 25,000-word encyclical titled Mater et Magistra (Mother and Teacher), calling on productive nations to aid backward nations without attaching political strings which would create "a new form of colonialism." The pope noted "the immeasurably sorrowful spectacle of vast numbers of workers in many lands and entire continents who are paid wages which condemn them and their families to subhuman conditions of life," and said that wages must "be determined according to justice and equity." He also restated the Roman Catholic opposition to birth control. On taxation the pope wrote: "The fundamental principle in a system of taxation based on justice and equity is that burdens be proportioned to the capacity of people to contribute." He advocated social and actions, including price protection, to improve farm conditions and halt the exodus from agriculture. He defended the ownership of private property as "a natural right which the state cannot suppress," and said, "History and experience testify that in those political regimes which do not recognize the rights of private ownership of goods, the fundamental manifestations of freedom are suppressed or stifled."

Joey Giardello (86-21-6) scored a technical knockout over Edmonton’s Wilf Greaves (33-18-1) at 1:39 of the 9th round of a middleweight bout at Alhambra Athletic Club in Philadelphia. Referee Joe Sweeney stopped the bout because Mr. Greaves’ left eye was swollen shut.

Felipe Alou hit his first major league grand slam and younger brother Matty hit his first major league home run, while teammate Orlando Cepeda drove in 5 runs with 2 home runs and a double as the San Francisco Giants routed the Chicago Cubs 14-1 before 8,013 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Mike McCormick (4-1) pitched an 8-hitter and was the winning pitcher over Dick Ellsworth (0-3), who gave up 5 runs in the 1st inning without retiring a batter.

The Cleveland Indians scored 6 runs in the 2nd inning and 5 in the 9th as they routed the Boston Red Sox 13-2 before 3,130 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jimmy Piersall had 4 of Cleveland's 21 hits, while Mudcat Grant (2-0) pitched a 3-hit complete game victory and batted 2 for 4 with a base on balls and a run. Tom Brewer started on the mound for Boston, but left after just one pitch when he felt a twinge in his shoulder; he was relieved by Ted Wills (1-2), who allowed 7 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 1.1 innings to take the loss.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Morning--Steve Montgomery (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Theme from Love Story--Francis Lai

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Un banc, un arbre, une rue--Séverine (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Knock Three Times--Dawn

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 What is Life/Apple Scruffs--George Harrison (2nd week at #1)
2 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin
3 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road
--Lally Stott
4 I'll Be Gone--Spectrum
5 She's a Lady--Tom Jones
6 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
7 Another Day--Paul McCartney
8 Armstrong--Reg Lindsay
9 Amazing Grace--Judy Collins
10 The Pushbike Song--The Mixtures

Singles entering the chart were Hot Love by T. Rex (#30); (Where Do I Begin) Love Story by Andy Williams (#46); Man in Black by Johnny Cash (#48); Blue Money by Van Morrison (#49); The Freak/Evil Child by Zoot (#54); I Am...I Said by Neil Diamond (#55); and If Not for You by Olivia Newton-John (#59).

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Butterfly--Danyel Gérard
2 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road
3 My Sweet Lord--George Harrison
4 Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson
5 What is Life--George Harrison
6 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
7 Me and Bobby McGee--Janis Joplin
8 Hot Love--T. Rex
9 Hey Tonight--Creedence Clearwater Revival
10 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were Hot Love by T. Rex (#30); (Where Do I Begin) Love Story by Andy Williams (#46); Man in Black by Johnny Cash (#48); Blue Money by Van Morrison (#49); The Freak/Evil Child by Zoot (#54); I Am...I Said by Neil Diamond (#55); and If Not for You by Olivia Newton-John (#59).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Underneath the Blanket Go--Gilbert O'Sullivan
2 Funny, Funny--The Sweet
3 Loop di Love--J. Bastós
4 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
5 Soldiers Prayer--Oscar Harris and the Twinkle Stars
6 Proud Mary--Ike & Tina Turner
7 Mozart - First Movement Symphony No. 40--Waldo De Los Rios
8 Waarheen, Waarvoor...--Mieke Telkamp en De Hi-Five
9 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
10 Rosetta--Georgie Fame & Alan Price

Singles entering the chart were Never Leave Me Lonely by Road (#22); Poetas Andaluces by Aguaviva (#28); Paint it Black by Eric Burdon and War (#31); I'm on My Own Again by Bintang (#37); You're My Man by Lynn Anderson (#39); and Angel/Freedom by Jimi Hendrix (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (5th week at #1)
2 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
3 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
4 If--Bread
5 Me and a You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
6 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
7 Bridge Over Troubled Water/Brand New Me--Aretha Franklin
8 Stay Awhile--The Bells
9 I Am...I Said/Done Too Soon--Neil Diamond
10 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop

Singles entering the chart were Rainy Days and Mondays by the Carpenters (#46); Cry Baby by Janis Joplin (#68); She's Not Just Another Woman by the 8th Day (#69); Your Love (Means Everything to Me) by Charles Wright and the 103rd Street Band (#81); You're My Man by Lynn Anderson (#85); Life/Only Believe by Elvis Presley (#87); Here Comes that Rainy Day Feeling Again by the Fortunes (#89); Double Lovin' by the Osmonds (#90); Never Can Say Goodbye by Isaac Hayes (#91); Flim Flam Man by Barbra Streisand (#92); Help Me Make it Through the Night by Joe Simon (#95); Tarkio Road by Brewer and Shipley (#96); Ooh Poo Pah Doo by Ike & Tina Turner (#97); California Earthquake by Norman Greenbaum (#99); and Wholesale Love by Buddy Miles (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (5th week at #1)
2 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
3 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
4 Stay Awhile--The Bells
5 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Aretha Franklin
6 If--Bread
7 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
8 Love Her Madly--The Doors
9 Brown Sugar--Rolling Stones
10 We Can Work it Out--Stevie Wonder

Singles entering the chart were Double Lovin’ by the Osmonds (#56); Light Sings by the 5th Dimension (#59); Life by Elvis Presley (#60); Ooh Poo Pah Doo by Ike & Tina Turner (#67); It’s So Hard for Me to Say Goodbye by Eddie Kendricks (#74); High Time We Went by Joe Cocker (#78); Tarkio Road by Brewer and Shipley (#79); Flim Flam Man by Barbra Streisand (#82); Mr. and Mrs. Untrue by Candi Staton (#83); It’s Too Late by Carole King (#84); Don’t Pull Your Love by Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds (#85); And I Love You So by Bobby Goldsboro (#93); Here Comes that Rainy Day Feeling Again by the Fortunes (#97); Signs by Five Man Electrical Band (#98); Be Good to Me Baby by Luther Ingram (#99); and There's So Much Love All Around Me by the Three Degrees (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (5th week at #1)
2 Never Can Say Goodbye--The Jackson 5
3 Bridge Over Troubled Water--Aretha Franklin
4 Stay Awhile--The Bells
5 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
6 If--Bread
7 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
8 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
9 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
10 Love Her Madly--The Doors

Singles entering the chart were Rainy Days and Mondays by the Carpenters (#58); Double Lovin' by the Osmonds (#72); The Court Room by Clarence Carter (#74); Funky Nassau - Part I by the Beginning of the End (#75); Sometimes it's Got to Rain by Jackie Moore with the Dixie Flyers (#85); Never Can Say Goodbye by Isaac Hayes (#88); Life by Elvis Presley (#90); It's Too Late by Carole King (#92); You're My Man by Lynn Anderson (#94); High Time We Went by Joe Cocker (#97); Sea Cruise by Johnny Rivers (#99); and There's So Much Love All Around Me by the Three Degrees (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (4th week at #1)
2 Brown Sugar--Rolling Stones
3 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
4 Power to the People--John Lennon/Plastic Ono Band
5 Love Her Madly--The Doors
6 Woodstock--Matthews’ Southern Comfort
7 Jodie--Joey Gregorash
8 Another Day--Paul McCartney
9 Timothy--The Buoys
10 If--Bread

Singles entering the chart were Superstar by Murray Head with the Trinidad Singers (#57); Cry Baby by Janis Joplin (#59); I Don’t Know How to Love Him by Yvonne Elliman (#62); I’ll Meet You Halfway by the Partridge Family (#73); Hot Love by T. Rex (#76); Reach Out I’ll Be There by Diana Ross (#77); Ajax Liquor Store by Hudson and Landry (#78); Rainy Days and Mondays by the Carpenters (#79); Treat Her Like a Lady by the Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose (#80); I Don’t Know How to Love Him by Helen Reddy (#82); Nathan Jones by the Supremes (#84); Indian Reservation by the Raiders (#85); Who Do You Love by Tom Rush (#87); That’s the Way by Carly Simon (#89); Lowdown by Chicago (#93); A Mama and A Papa by Ray Stevens (#94); Try Some, Buy Some by Ronnie Spector (#95); Lord Bless You, Lord Bless Me by the Stratus Singers (#96); L.A. International Airport by Susan Raye (#97); If Not for You by Olivia Newton-John (#98); Mr. Sunlight by Edward and Harding (#99); and Rosie's Dream by Cutty Sark (#100).

Calgary’s Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
2 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
3 Garden of Ursh--Karen Young
4 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
5 Timothy--The Buoys
6 Eighteen--Alice Cooper
7 Gotta See Jane--R. Dean Taylor
8 Albert Flasher--The Guess Who
9 If--Bread
10 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
Pick hit of the week: Hello Mom--The Mercey Brothers

Died on this date
Tyrone Guthrie, 70
. U.K. theatre director. Sir Tyrone joined the British Broadcasting Corporation in 1924, and was one of the first people to write and direct plays specifically for radio. He helped to found the Stratford Festival in Canada in 1952 and the Guthrie Theatre in Minneapolis in 1963. Sir Tyrone died of a heart attack.

Goose Goslin, 70. U.S. baseball player. Leon Allen Goslin was an outfielder with the Washington Nationals (1921-1930, 1933, 1938); St. Louis Browns (1930-1932); and Detroit Tigers (1934-1937), batting .316 with 248 home runs and 1,612 runs batted in in 2,287 games. He hit .379 to win the American League batting title in 1928--hitting a single in his final at bat to edge Heinie Manush of the Detroit Tigers for the crown--and had 11 seasons with at least 100 runs batted in, leading the AL in 1924 with 129. Mr. Goslin played with five pennant-winning teams and two World Series championship clubs (1924, 1935), batting .287 with 7 homers and 19 RBIs in 32 World Series games. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1968, and died after a period of declining health.

Horse racing
Canonero II, winner of the Kentucky Derby, won the 96th running of the Preakness Stakes before 47,221 fans at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore, with Gustavo Avila up, in a record time of 1:54. Jim French finished third in the 11-horse field.

Utah 102 @ Kentucky 105 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

The Colonels outscored the Stars 24-19 in the 4th quarter to win before 11,793 fans at Freedom Hall in Louisville. Cincinnatus Powell led Kentucky with 31 points and 17 rebounds, while Willie Wise scored 34 points and grabbed 15 rebounds for Utah.

The Atlanta Braves released pitcher Luis Tiant. Mr. Tiant had signed with the Braves on April 16, after being released by the Minnesota Twins, and pitched 5 games with the Richmond Braves of the AAA International League.

Ferguson Jenkins (7-2) hit a 2-run home run and pitched his seventh complete game in eight starts for the Chicago Cubs as they beat the San Diego Padres 6-4 before 23,845 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Chicago catcher Randy Hundley batted 3 for 3 with a double and 2 runs batted in. Tom Phoebus started on the mound for San Diego, but lasted just 1/3 inning, allowing 3 hits and 3 runs--all earned--before being relieved by Dick Kelley (0-3), who allowed 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 3.2 innings to take the loss.

Willie Mays singled to lead off the bottom of the 7th inning and scored on a 1-out single by Dick Dietz for the game's only run as the San Francisco Giants edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0 before 33,370 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. The hits were the only ones given up by Bill Singer (2-7), who pitched 7 innings in losing the pitchers' duel against Juan Marichal (6-2), who pitched a 6-hitter.

40 years ago

Hit parade #1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Köppäbävisan--Bengt Pegefelt (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 I am the Beat--Look (2nd week at #1)
2 Antmusic--Adam & the Ants
3 Here is My Love--Tommy Dee
4 Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre
5 Twilight Café--Susan Fassbender
6 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens
7 Spend the Night in Love--The Four Seasons
8 Woman--John Lennon
9 Gypsy Girl--David Scobie
10 9 to 5--Dolly Parton

Singles entering the chart were Vienna by Ultravox (#19); and Making Your Mind Up by Bucks Fizz (#20).

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Making Your Mind Up--Bucks Fizz
2 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
3 Fade to Grey--Visage
4 Shaddup You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre
5 9 to 5--Dolly Parton
6 Jealous Guy--Roxy Music
7 Per Elisa--Alice
8 Woman--John Lennon
9 Vienna--Ultravox
10 Amoureux solitaires--Lio

Singles entering the chart were Per Elisa; Stars on 45 by Stars on 45 (#11); and Johnny Blue by Lena Valaitis (#14).

On the radio
Nightfall, on CBC
Tonight's episode: All Nighter

Len Barker became the first man since Catfish Hunter in 1968 to pitch a perfect game in the major leagues as the Cleveland Indians blanked the Toronto Blue Jays 3-0 before 7,290 fans on a rainy night at Cleveland Stadium. Mr. Barker (3-1), whose wildness several years earlier had landed him on sports blooper highlight videos, struck out 11. Losing pitcher Luis Leal (2-4) allowed 7 hits and 1 earned run in a complete game.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Wind of Change--Scorpions (2nd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Wonder Years, on ABC
Tonight’s episode: The Wonder Years

This was the last episode of the season, consisting of clips from earlier episodes.

Died on this date
Ken Jones, 88
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Jones appeared in 1 game with the Detroit Tigers in 1924 and 8 games with the Boston Braves in 1930, compiling a record of 0-1 with an earned run average of 5.40 in 21 2/3 innings. In seven seasons in the minor leagues he compiled a record of 69-87 in 199 games.

Politics and government
Édith Cresson of the Socialist Party took office as France's first female Prime Minister; she was appointed by President François Mitterrand.

Québec Premier Robert Bourassa put forward legislation for a referendum on Québec sovereignty by October, 1992.

Yves Laforest became the first Quebecer to complete the ascent of Mount Everest, 8,848 metres above sea level.

Stanley Cup
Minnesota 5 @ Pittsburgh 4 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Penguins' loss to the North Stars at Civic Arena was their first Finals game in their 24-year history.

Bill Parcells, citing heart problems, resigned as head coach of the Super Bowl champion New York Giants; he was replaced by assistant coach Ray Handley.

U.S. President George Bush threw out the first ball, and Queen Elizabeth II was also among the audience of 32,596 at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore to see the Baltimore Orioles lose 6-3 to the Oakland Athletics. Winning pitcher Bob Welch (4-2) gave up 3 home runs, all with the bases empty.

The California Angels scored 6 runs in the 3rd inning and 4 in the 5th as they beat the New York Yankees 10-2 before 16,017 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Detroit Tigers scored a run in the top of the 12th inning to break a 3-3 tie, but Juan Gonzalez hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th to give the Texas Rangers a 5-4 win before 18,581 fans at Arlington Stadium.

Andy Van Slyke hit a 2-run home run and Don Slaught hit a 3-run triple as a pinch hitter to highlight a 6-run 8th inning as the Pittsburgh Pirates came back from a 5-2 deficit and held on to beat the Houston Astros 8-7 before 9,577 fans at the Astrodome. The Astros scored a run in the bottom of the 9th and had runners on second and third bases with 2 out, but Pittsburgh relief pitcher Bill Landrum retired Ken Oberkfell on a pop fly to third baseman Bobby Bonilla to end the game.

25 years ago

Stanley Cup
Western Conference Semi-Finals
Detroit 4 @ St. Louis 2 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

20 years ago

Politics and government
Led by Deborah Grey (Edmonton North), eight Members of Parliament left the Canadian Alliance to form a rebel faction in the House of Commons. The rebels were no longer willing to put up with the incompetence of Canadian Alliance leader Stockwell Day.

A U.K. court decision ended the British drug industry’s price-fixing policy. Disasters
A runaway freight train rolled about 70 miles through Ohio with no one aboard before a railroad employee jumped onto the locomotive and brought it to a stop.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Bob Flanigan, 84
. U.S. musician. Mr. Flanigan played trombone and double bass, but was primarily known as a singer with the Four Freshmen, whom he joined in September 1948, soon after their founding by his cousins Don and Ross Barbour. The group had several hit singles and albums from the early 1950s through the early '60s, and heavily influenced other vocal artists, most notably the Beach Boys. Mr. Flanigan managed the Four Freshmen for many years, and was still involved with them after his retirement as a performer in 1992. He died of congestive heart failure.

Two wildfires driven by high winds damaged or destroyed one-third of the town of Slave Lake, Alberta; most of the 7,000 residents were forced to flee. Damages totalled $700 million, Canada's second-costliest insured disaster after the 1988 Ontario/Quebec ice storm, which cost $1.8 billion. In November 2011, Alberta investigators concluded that arson was the cause, and asked the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to investigate further.

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