Monday, 23 November 2020

November 24, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Hilary Wharf and Fermina Martinez!

830 years ago

Married on this date
Italian nobleman Conrad of Montferrat married Queen Isabella I of Jerusalem; Conrad thus became de facto King of Jerusalem.

330 years ago

Born on this date
Charles Theodore Pachelbel
. German-born American composer. Mr. Pachelbel, the son of composer Johann Pachelbel, was an organist and harpsichordist. He emigrated to New England in 1733 before eventually moving to Charleston, South Carolina, where he lived until his death at the age of 59 on September 15, 1750. His Magnificat for double choir is among Mr. Pachelbel's few surviving compositions.

270 years ago

World events
Tarabai, the former regent of the Maratha Empire, had Rajaram II, whom she had previously claimed to be her grandson, arrested as an impostor for refusing to remove Balaji Baji Rao from the post of Peshwa (Prime Minister).

170 years ago

Danish troops defeated a Schleswig-Holstein force in the Battle of Lottorf in Schleswig-Holstein.

130 years ago

Died on this date
August Belmont, 76
. German-born U.S. politician. Mr. Belmont was chairman of the Democratic National Committee in the 1860s. He established Belmont Park horse racing course on Long Island in New York, and the Belmont Stakes is named after him. Mr. Belmont died two weeks before his 77th birthday.

120 years ago

Dominion Final
Ottawa Rough Riders 17 Brockville Football Club 10 @ Toronto

110 years ago

Born on this date
Larry Siemering
. U.S. football player and coach. Mr. Siemering was a center with the University of San Francisco (1933-1934) and the Boston Redskins (1935-1936). He coached high school football and then moved on to the University of the Pacific as an assistant coach (1941-1946) and head coach (1947-1950), leading the Tigers to wins in the Grape Bowl and Raisin Bowl in 1947, and producing an 11-0 record in 1949. Mr. Siemering served as head coach at Arizona State University (1951) and offensive line coach with the Washington Redskins (1953), and became head coach of the Calgary Stampeders in 1954, leading the team to three straight shutout victories early in the season--a Canadian football record that still stands--before the team faded and finished with a record of 8-8, fourth in the Western Interprovincial Football Union and out of the playoffs, resulting in his departure. After three more years as a high school coach, he was head coach at Cabrillo College in California (1959-1965). Mr. Siemering died after a fall at his home on July 27, 2009 at the age of 98.

90 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Man with the Twisted Lip

Winds of up to about 60 miles per hour wreaked havoc in Edmonton.

80 years ago

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Three Students

Died on this date
James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, 69
. Prime Minister of Northern Ireland, 1921-1940. Mr. Craig, a member of the Ulster Unionist Party, represented East Down (1906-1918) and Mid Down (1918-1921) in the British House of Commons. He was created a baronet in 1918, and was raised to the peerage as Viscount Craigavon in 1927. Mr. Craig also sat in the Northern Ireland Parliament, representing Down (1921-1929) and North Down (1929-1940). He became leader of the Ulster Unionist Party and 1st Prime Minister of Northern Ireland on June 7, 1921, and held the office until his death. Despite his experience in British politics, Viscount Craigavon had little influence over British policy toward the Republic of Ireland. He was succeeded as Prime Minister by John Miller Andrews.

The first Canadian graduates of the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP) reached Britain.

The First Slovak Republic became a signatory to the Tripartite Pact, officially joining the Axis powers. The U.S. Maritime Commission announced that it had awarded contracts for 179 ships as of November 1, 1940 in its 10-year program to rehabilitate the U.S. merchant marine with 500 new vessels.

25,000 Cuban workers demanded that President Fulgencio Batista accord the Confederation of Cuban Workers legal status in the new constitution.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Justice Department's antitrust division announced a nationwide investigation into the control of food prices.

Record rains flooded east central Texas, while ice destroyed communication lines in the isolated Texas Panhandle.

The Canadian Rugby Union announced that the 1940 Grey Cup would be a 2-game total points series between the Ottawa Rough Riders, champions of the Interprovincial Rugby Football Union, and Toronto Balmy Beach, champions of the Ontario Rugby Football Union. The defending Grey Cup champion Winnipeg Blue Bombers had repeated as champions of the Western Interprovincial Football Union, but the WIFU refused to abandon its rule on interference, which was not approved by the CRU. The WIFU allowed players to block for a teammate up to 10 yards downfield, while the CRU allowed interference for only 3 yards downfield. The first game of the 1940 Grey Cup would take place at Varsity Stadium on November 30, and the second game at Lansdowne Park in Ottawa on December 7. 20% of the net receipts were to be given to charity, split between the Canadian Red Cross and the St. John Ambulance Brigade. Needless to say, the Blue Bombers weren’t happy with the CRU’s ruling, nor were most Canadian football fans or writers.

Washington (8-2) 7 @ New York (6-3-1) 21
Chicago Cardinals (2-6-2) 9 @ Brooklyn (7-3) 14
Green Bay (6-4) 50 @ Detroit (5-5-1) 7
Cleveland (4-6) 25 @ Chicago Bears (7-3) 47

Buffalo (2-8) 1 @ Cincinnati (1-7) 0

The Bengals had suffered so many injuries that they were unable to field a team for their scheduled game against the Indians at Corcoran Stadium, and the officials ruled a forfeit in favour of Buffalo, the most recent forfeit in major professional football in the United States.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's Been a Long, Long Time--Harry James and His Orchestra with Kitty Kallen (Best Seller--1st week at #1; Airplay--1st week at #1); It's Been a Long, Long Time--Harry James and His Orchestra with Kitty Kallen; Bing Crosby with Les Paul and his Trio (Honor Roll of Hits--2nd week at #1); Till the End of Time--Perry Como with Russ Case and his Orchestra (Juke Box--9th week at #1)

Nationalist Chinese forces captured Hulutao, their first Manchurian port. U.S. Army General Albert Wedemeyer reported that American troops who were in Manchuria to aid the Nationalists had with withdrawn at the request of the U.S.S.R.

The 51-nation United Nations Preparatory Commission met in London to arrange the first sessions of the General Assembly; Security Council; Economic and Social Council; Trusteeship Council; Secretariat; and International Court of Justice.

The U.S.A. and U.K. sent a note to the U.S.S.R. pointing out that it had violated the Tehran Declaration by not permitting Iranian forces into Azerbaijan.

Politics and government
Italian Prime Minister Ferruccio Parri resigned after three rightist parties--Christian Democrat, Democratic Labour, and Liberal--withdrew from his cabinet.

Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan General Douglas MacArthur ordered the Japanese government to abolish the military's pension system and to impose a 100% war profits tax on all war industries, taxes of up to 100% in other industries, and a graduated capital tax of up to 70%.

Provisional Korean President Kim Koo arrived in Seoul "as a private citizen to cooperate" with American military authorities in establishing order in Korea.

Supporters of Argentine President Juan Peron raided Jewish quarters of Buenos Aires, assaulting several residents and smashing shop signs without police interference.

The U.S. Navy reported a "complete cure" for cholera through the proper use of blood plasma and sulfadiazine and saline solution.

70 years ago

Guys and Dolls, with music and lyrics by Frank Loesser, directed by George S. Kaufman, and starring Robert Alda, Vivian Blaine, and Sam Levene, opened at the 46th Street Theatre on Broadway in New York City.

United Nations forces launched an offensive on Korea's western front in an effort to knock out the main Communist Chinese forces south of Manchuria. Commander-in-Chief of the United Nations Command General Douglas MacArthur said that the new drive "if successful, should for all practical purposes end the war."

Fearing that UN intervention in Tibet would increase the danger of a global war in the Far East, the United Nations General Assembly's Political and Security Committee rejected Tibet's appeal for UN aid against the Chinese Communist invasion.

The U.S.A. said that it intended to give $300 million-$400 million in the next two years to help French forces fight the Viet Minh in Indochina.

The wartime U.S. 7th Army was reactivated in West Germany, with headquarters in Stuttgart.

Economics and finance
Nelson Rockefeller took office as chairman of the International Development Advisory Board, planning unit for the Point Four program of the administration of U.S. President Harry Truman.

The Congress of Industrial Organizations ended a five-day national convention in Chicago after passing a resolution defending the Truman administration's foreign policy against the "irresponsible and unsubstantiated attacks of McCarthyism."

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): It's Now or Never--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: A Seat on the Fence

Green Bay (5-4) 10 @ Detroit (4-5) 23

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Black Night--Deep Purple (3rd week at #1)

World events
Guinean President Sekou Toure charged that "Portuguese mercenaries" had invaded his country, but had been repulsed. He demanded a United Nations investigation. Foreign correspondents were barred from Guinea, but according to some civilian reports, the raiders could have been there to attack leaders of a nationalist movement, with headquarters in Conakry, revolting against Portuguese rule in neighbouring Portuguese Guinea.

Stanford quarterback Jim Plunkett was awarded the Heisman Trophy as the outstanding player in U.S. college football for 1970. Among the other contenders was Notre Dame quarterback Joe Theismann.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Shaddap You Face--Joe Dolce Music Theatre

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): I'm In the Mood for Dancing (Dancing Sister) (ダンシング・シスター)--The Nolans (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Xanadu--Olivia Newton-John/Electric Light Orchestra (5th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Santa Maria--Roland Kaiser (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Herbert Agar, 83
. U.S.-born journalist and historian. Dr. Agar was an editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal who wrote 13 books from 1928-1972, including The People's Choice: From Washington to Harding — A Study in Democracy (1933), which won the Pulitzer Prize for History. His book The Price of Union: The Influence of the American Temper on the Course of History (1950) was a favourite of John F. Kennedy's, and helped inspire Mr. Kennedy's own book Profiles in Courage (1956). Dr. Agar moved to England after World War II, and died there.

George Raft, 79. U.S. actor. Mr. Raft starred or co-starred in dozens of movies in a career spanning 50 years, including Souls at Sea (1937); They Drive by Night (1940); and Nocturne (1946). He associated with gangsters in real life, and often played them on screen. Mr. Raft died of emphysema.

Molly Reilly, 58. Canadian aviatrix. Miss Reilly, a native of Lindsay, Ontario, had a career of more than 30 years and 10,000 hours as a pilot-in-command, without a single accident. She was the first female Canadian pilot to reach the rank of captain, the first female Canadian corporate pilot, and the first woman to fly to the Arctic professionally, which led to her induction into the Canadian Aviation Hall of Fame in 1974.

World events
At the trial of China’s "Gang of Four," Wang Hongwen and Yao Wenyuan, two who were accused of plotting an armed uprising in Shanghai in 1976, confessed that they had tried to persuade Chairman Mao Zedong not to name Deng Xiaoping as senior Deputy Prime Minister in 1974.

Polish railway workers staged a 2-hour strike for wage increases.

A series of eight earthquakes in southern Italy that had begun the previous evening--measuring 6.8 on the Richter scale--concluded, killing at least 350 people and injuring hundreds more. Reports of damage came from 29 cities and towns where buildings of up to five storeys had been reduced to rubble. The epicentre of the quake was at Eboli, 30 miles southwest of Naples. Rescue teams were hampered by road and rail damage, and many electricity lines were down.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I'm Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Cult of Snap--Snap! (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Verdammt - Ich Lieb' Dich--Matthias Reim (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Une femme avec une femme--Mecano (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (4th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Show Me Heaven--Maria McKee (2nd week at #1)
2 I'm Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston
3 The Joker--Steve Miller Band
4 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf
5 Candy--Iggy Pop
6 Thunderstruck--AC/DC
7 Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers
8 Freedom!--George Michael
9 Doin' the Do--Betty Boo
10 The Anniversary Waltz--Status Quo

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be Your Baby Tonight by Robert Palmer and UB40 (#26); It Takes Two by Rod Stewart & Tina Turner (#28); Sadeness Part I by Enigma (#29); Don't Stop by M.C. Sar & the Real McCoy featuring Sunday (#32); Met Hart en Ziel by Tröckener Kecks (#35); Soultrain by B.B. Queen (#36); and Freedom by Anita Meyer (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 More than Words Can Say--Alias
3 I'm Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston
4 Groove is in the Heart--Deee-Lite
5 Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B
6 Something to Believe In--Poison
7 From a Distance--Bette Midler
8 Pray--M.C. Hammer
9 Feels Good--Tony! Toni! Tone!
10 Knockin' Boots--Candyman

Singles entering the chart were World in My Eyes by Depeche Mode (#71); The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in His Kiss) by Cher (#84); You Gotta Love Someone by Elton John (#85); Disappear by INXS (#89); and Candy by Iggy Pop with Kate Pierson (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 More Than Words Can Say--Alias
3 Groove is in the Heart--Deee-Lite
4 I’m Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston
5 Something to Believe In--Poison
6 Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B
7 From a Distance--Bette Midler
8 Pray--M.C. Hammer
9 Feels Good--Tony! Toni! Tone!
10 Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice

Singles entering the chart that week were Love Will Never Do (Without You) by Janet Jackson (#64); Gonna Make You Sweat (Everybody Dance Now) by C & C Music Factory featuring Freedom Williams (#67); Disappear by INXS (#68); I Saw Red by Warrant (#72); You Gotta Love Someone by Elton John (#74); World in My Eyes by Depeche Mode (#75); I'm Free by Soup Dragons (#85); and The Ghetto by Too Short (#87).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 More than Words Can Say--Alias
2 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
3 Stranded--Heart
4 Suicide Blonde--INXS
5 So Close--Daryl Hall John Oates
6 Black Cat--Janet Jackson
7 Impulsive--Wilson Phillips
8 Something to Believe In--Poison
9 From a Distance--Bette Midler
10 Say a Prayer--Breathe

Singles entering the chart were Til I am Myself Again by Blue Rodeo (#48); Hang in Long Enough by Phil Collins (#66); Because I Love You (The Postman Song) by Stevie B (#75); Where Loneliness Lives by Mae Moore (#85); Life Could Be Worse by Barney Bentall (#87); Love that Never Dies by the Byrds (#88); Disappear by INXS (#90); The Road by the Alarm (#91); Hold Me Tender by Paul Janz (#94); and Miles Away by Winger (#95).

Died on this date
Fred Shero, 65
. Canadian-born U.S. hockey player and coach. "Freddy the Fog" was a defenceman in various professional leagues from 1942-58; he played with the New York Rangers from 1947-50, scoring 6 goals and 14 assists in 145 regular season games and 2 assists in 13 playoff games. Mr. Shero then embarked on a coaching career, reaching the National Hockey League with the Philadelphia Flyers from 1971-78 and New York Rangers from 1978-80, compiling a regular season record of 390-225-119 and a playoff record of 62-47, leading the Flyers to Stanley Cup championships in 1973-74 and 1974-75. Mr. Shero was the first NHL coach to hire an assistant coach; employ systems for use against specific teams; use film in preparation; and adopt the practice of a morning skate. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2013.

Vanier Cup @ SkyDome, Toronto
Saskatchewan 24 St. Mary’s 21

In a battle of Huskies, the University of Saskatchewan Huskies held on to win their first national championship before 26,846 fans. Saskatchewan quarterback David Earl completed 16 of 25 passes for 244 yards and a touchdown and rushed 11 times for 44 yards and a touchdown, earning the Ted Morris Memorial Trophy as the game’s most valuable player. St. Mary’s quarterback Chris Flynn, winner of the Hec Crighton Trophy as the outstanding player in Canadian university football for 1990, completed 20 passes, 8 to Matt Nealon. Saskatchewan’s Duane Dmytryshyn set a Vanier Cup record with 105 yards on kickoff returns.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio feauring L.V. (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio feauring L.V. (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Jeffrey Lynn, 86
. U.S. actor. Mr. Lynn, born Ragnar Godfrey Lind, played a romantic love interest in Warner Brothers movies such as Four Daughters (1938) and several sequels, and had supporting roles in films such as The Roaring Twenties (1939). He interrupted his career to serve with the U.S. Army in World War II in Italy and Austria, winning a Bronze Star. Mr. Lynn worked mainly in television and on stage in his later years.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Huang Hua, 97
. Chinese politician. Mr. Huang, born Wang Rumei, joined the Communist Party of China in 1936. His ability to speak English made him an effective diplomat, and enabled him to serve as the People's Republic of China's Foreign Minister (1976-1982) and Vice Premier (1980-1982). He was dismissed from office in November 1982, after attending the funeral of Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev and expressed hope for normalized relations with the U.S.S.R.

A jury in Austin convicted former U.S. House of Representatives Majority Leader Tom DeLay (Republican--Texas) on charges that he'd illegally funneled corporate money to Texas candidates in 2002.

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