Tuesday, 13 April 2021

April 13, 2021

910 years ago

Henry V was crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Paschal II at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.

160 years ago

Fort Sumter in South Carolina fell to Confederate forces as Union Army commander Major Robert Anderson agreed to surrender in the face of relentless bombardment.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Maurice Buckley
. Australian soldier. Sergeant Buckley was a private when he served with the Imperial Australian Army in Egypt in 1915, but he contracted a venereal disease and was sent home. He escaped from a medical detention facility, and was declared a deserter. Using the name Gerald Sexton, he re-enlisted and was sent to France early in 1917. Sgt. Buckley, still using his assumed name, earned the Victoria Cross for his actions on Septembe 18, 1918, when, facing machine-gun fire, he rushed enemy posts, captured enemy guns, and took 30 German prisoners. He disclosed his true identity before receiving the VC from King George V in May 1919, and was discharged that December. Sgt. Buckley died at the age of 29 on January 27, 1921, 12 days after suffering severe injuries in a riding accident, when he tried to jump his horse over a railway gate.

The Boston Reds shut out the Washington Statesmen 6-0 in an American Association game before a capacity crowd of 4,365 in the first game at Boundary Field in Washington.

125 years ago

Representatives of 11 women’s groups in New Zealand met in Christchurch’s Provincial Council Buildings to form the National Council of Women (NCW).

120 years ago

Born on this date
Jacques Lacan
. French psychiatrist and psychoanalyst. Dr. Lacan applied concepts from fileds such as linguistics, anthropology, mathematics, and topology to psychoanalysis and made significant impacts on philosophy and cultural theory. He has been called "the most controversial psycho-analyst since Freud," and with his followers, was expelled from the International Psychoanalytic Association in 1963. Dr. Lacan then founded the École Freudienne de Paris (EFP) in 1964, which he dissolved in 1980. He founded the Freudian Field Institute in Caracas in July 1980, and died on September 9, 1981 at the age of 80. Dr. Lacan is now regarded by many as a charlatan.

Alan Watt. Australian diplomat. Sir Alan served in the Department of External Affairs from 1937-1962, holding numerous ambassadorial posts, including that of the first Australian Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. (1948-1950). He died on September 18, 1988 at the age of 87.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Woody Upchurch
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Upchurch played with the Philadelphia Athletics (1935-1936), compiling a record of 0-4 with an earned run average of 7.42 in 10 games. He was 20-24 in 4 seasons in the minor leagues (1930-1933). Mr. Upchurch died on October 23, 1971 at the age of 60.

Died on this date
George Washington Glick, 83
. U.S. politician. Mr. Glick, a Democrat, was a member of the Kansas State Legislature for 14 years and was Governor of Kansas (1883-1885). He was forced to give up his political career because of a throat infection that impaired his ability to speak, but he continued his career as a lawyer for various railroads.

John McLane, 59. U.K.-born U.S. politician. Mr. McLane, a native of Scotland, moved to New Hampshire with his family at the age of 1, and was a furniture manufacturer before entering politics. A Republican, he was elected to the New Hampshire House of Representatives in 1885. Mr. McLane served two terms in the N.H. Senate (1891-1894), and was President of the Senate for both terms. He was Governor of New Hampshire from 1905-1907.

Jack Rowan (1-0) allowed just 3 hits while Christy Mathewson (0-1) allowed 14 hits as the Philadelphia Phillies defeated the New York Giants 6-1 at the Polo Grounds in New York. Hours later, a mysterious fire destroyed the grandstand and left field bleachers. The Giants accepted the offer of the New York Highlanders of the American League to move into Hilltop Park until a new concrete and steel facility could be built at the Polo Grounds. The Giants later reciprocated by inviting the Highlanders, renamed the Yankees in 1913, to move into the new Polo Grounds at the expiration of their lease at Hilltop Park after the 1912 season.

100 years ago

A hen belonging to a Calgary woman was reported to have produced a record-breaking egg, weighing over 5 ounces and measuring 8 inches in circumferences around the tips.

With U.S. President Warren G. Harding, Vice President Calvin Coolidge, and former President Woodrow Wilson in attendance, the Washington Nationals lost 6-3 to the Boston Red Sox in the home opener at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Sam Jones (1-0) pitched a 9-hit complete game victory and batted 3 for 4 with a run and 2 runs batted in. Washington starting pitcher Walter Johnson (0-1) allowed 9 hits and 4 runs--all earned--in 4 innings to take the loss.

Babe Ruth batted 5 for 5 with 2 doubles, a run, and 2 runs batted in to help the New York Yankees rout the Philadelphia Athletics 11-1 before 37,000 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Carl Mays (1-0) pitched a 3-hit complete game victory and batted 3 for 4 with a run. Every New York player scored at least 1 run.

George Kelly's 2-run inside-the-park home run climaxed a 3-run rally in the top of the 11th inning to break a 7-7 tie as the New York Giants held on to defeat the Philadelphia Phillies 10-8 before 30,000 fans at National League Park in Philadelphia.

90 years ago

On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Norwood Builder

80 years ago

Died on this date
Annie Jump Cannon, 77
. U.S. astronomer. Miss Cannon was the world's foremost female astronomer; she was credited with the creation of the Harvard Classification Scheme, and classified more than 400,000 stars.

The German command announced that Belgrade had been occupied by German forces.

The U.S.S.R., represented by Premier Vyacheslav Molotov, and Japan, represented by Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka, signed a five-year neutrality pact in Moscow. The Soviets pledged to respect the sovereignty of Japanese-controlled Manchukuo (Manchuria).

U.S. Interior Secretary Harold Ickes denounced Col. Charles Lindbergh, General Robert E. Wood, auto magnate Henry Ford, and others opposed to U.S. aid for Britain as "Hitler's unconscious fools."

Pan American Airways announced new express schedules effective April 14, linking all 21 American republics by an 8-day, 15,000-mile route between Washington and Buenos Aires.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and His Orchestra with Marjorie Hughes (Best Seller--5th week at #1; Airplay--4th week at #1; Juke Box--5th week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--6th week at #1)

Bell Telephone Laboratories revealed the wartime development of a metal "lens" that focuses radio waves on the antenna of a distant station, increasing sending power and freedom from static.

Prince Morimasa Nashimoto and Mitsubishi Corporation official Kiyoshi Goko were released from prison in Tokyo for lack of evidence of war crimes during World War II.

Three members of the Jewish revenge organization Nakam who worked in the Konsum-Genossenschaftsbäckerei (Consumer Cooperative Bakery) at Langwasser internment camp near Nuremberg painted 3,000 loaves of bread with arsenic in an attempt to kill SS prisoners. It was reported that 2,283 German prisoners of war fell ill from poisoning, with 207 hospitalized and seriously ill, but there were no known deaths. The amount of arsenic found in the bakery was enough to kill approximately 60,000 people. The perpetrators of the poisoning fled to Czechoslovakia and continued to southern France.

World events
General Joseph McNary of the U.S. military government in Germany said that there was not enough food in the American zone to sustain life.

Politics and government
Otto Grotewohl and his followers among Berlin's Social Democrats merged with the Communists to form the Socialist Unity Party (SED).

Argentine Foreign Minister Juan Cooke announced that Argentina would turn over most of its 150,000-ton wheat contribution to the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration by May 31, 1946.

Economics and finance
U.S. Director of Economic Stabilization Chester Bowles admitted the existence of a national clothing shortage, which he blamed on both government and industry policies.

70 years ago

On the radio
Hear it Now, hosted by Edward R. Murrow, on CBS

Tonight's program included news about U.S. President Harry Truman's dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur from all his commands.

The U.S. State Department rejected a British request for Chinese Communist participation in negotiations for a Japanese peace treaty.

Britain's Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip visited Pope Pius XII at the Vatican despite protests from British Protestants.

The American Association of University Women ended a five-day convention in Atlantic City after passing a resolution denying charges of "leftwing influence" within the organization.

NBA Finals Rochester 73 @ New York 79 (Rochester led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Harry Gallatin scored 22 points and grabbed 14 rebounds to help the Knickerbockers avert elimination by the Royals before 4,000 fans at 69th Regiment Armory.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Walk Right Back--The Everly Brothers

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (4th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Untouchables, starring Robert Stack, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Ring of Terror

Died on this date
John A. Bennett, 26
. U.S. soldier. Private Bennett, a Negro, joined the U.S. Army in 1953, and became an ammunition handler and a truck driver with the 11th Antiaircraft Artillery Battalion (11th AAA Battalion) at Camp Roeder near Salzburg, Austria. On December 22, 1954, he got drunk and raped and strangled an 11-year-old local girl, who managed to survive. Pvt. Bennett was convicted by a U.S. Army Court Martial in 1955 of of first degree child rape and attempted first degree murder, and was sentenced to death. The sentence was stayed twice by lower courts before the stays were overturned in 1960 by the U.S. District Court in Kansas. Pvt. Bennett was hanged at United States Disciplinary Barracks at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, three days after his 26th birthday, and remains the last person to be executed following a United States Armed Force court martial.

Greek Prime Minister Konstantinos Karamanlis arrived in Ottawa to start a three-day visit to Canada.

The United Nations General Assembly voted 95-1 to condemn South Africa’s apartheid racial separation policy as "reprehensible and repugnant to human dignity." Portugal cast the only dissenting vote, while South Africa, Nepal, and Spain were absent. The General Assembly voted 78-0 with 21 abstentions in favour of a resolution calling upon South Africa to negotiate with India and Pakistan over their complaints of mistreatment of South Africans of Indian or Pakistani origin. An African resolution calling for sanctions against South Africa failed to get the required two-thirds majority to pass.

U.S. President John F. Kennedy and West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer concluded three days of talks in Washington with a communiqué renewing their pledge to preserve West Berlin’s freedom pending the reunification of Germany; reaffirming support of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization and recognizing the need for intensified political co-operation in NATO; and expressing agreement on the importance of a concerted aid effort by the industrialized free world nations. Mr. Adenauer then departed for Texas to visit U.S. Vice President Lyndon Johnson and addressed the Texas Legislature in Austin before returning to Bonn.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): (I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson

Died on this date
Michel Brière, 21
. Canadian hockey player. Mr. Brière, a native of Malartic, Quebec, died in hospital after spending 11 months in a coma following serious head injuries sustained in a traffic accident at Val-d'Or, Quebec. Selected in the 3rd round (26th overall) in the 1969 NHL draft by the Pittsburgh Penguins, Mr. Brière played in all 76 regular season games in 1969-70, scoring 12 goals and 32 assists. In 8 playoff games he scored 3 goals and 5 assists, including the first overtime--and series-winning--goal in team history. His goal at 8:28 of overtime at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum Arena gave the Penguins a four-game sweep of their Stanley Cup quarter-final series. The Penguins were then defeated in six games by the St. Louis Blues in the semi-finals, and Mr. Brière scored in game 6, which turned out to be his final game. His jersey #21 was unofficially retired by the Penguins upon his death and officially retired in 2001. The Quebec Major Junior Hockey League renamed its most valuable player trophy in Mr. Brière's memory in 1972, and the Penguins have named an award in his honour to be given to the team's top rookie player each season.

Government troops in Ceylon began cracking down on protests by the People’s Liberation Front.

Stanley Cup
Montreal 3 @ Boston 7 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Toronto 1 @ New York 3 (New York led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Minnesota 4 @ St. Louis 3 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Bobby Orr had 3 assists for the Bruins in their win over the Canadiens at Boston Garden.

The Rangers outshot the Maple Leafs 17-4 in the 1st period of their win at Madison Square Garden. Ed Giacomin won the goaltending duel over Bernie Parent.

Lou Nanne’s first playoff goal was the winner for the North Stars over the Blues at St. Louis Arena.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Antmusic--Adam and the Ants (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ruby no Yubiwa--Akira Terao (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Johnny & Mary--Robert Palmer (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Fade to Grey--Visage (6th week at #1)

Politics and government
The Parti Québécois, led by Premier René Lévesque, were easily re-elected, capturing 80 of the 122 seats in the National Assembly in the Quebec provincial election. The PQ total was an increase of 9 from the most recent election in 1976. The Liberals, led by Claude Ryan, won 42 seats, an increase of 11 from 1976. The Union Nationale, led by former federal Progressive Conservative MP Roch LaSalle, lost all 11 of their seats. The total number of seats was increased by 12 from 1976.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Joyride--Roxette

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Joyride--Roxette

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (6th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Joyride--Roxette
2 Unfinished Sympathy--Massive
3 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
4 Let There Be Love--Simple Minds
5 Liefde Voor Muziek--Raymond v/h Groenewoud
6 The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John
7 Should I Stay or Should I Go--The Clash
8 Do the Bartman--The Simpsons
9 Highwire--Rolling Stones
10 One More Try--Timmy T

Singles entering the chart included Always on the Run by Lenny Kravitz (#27); Tears from My Eyes by UB40 (#32); Liefde is Lekker Maar Lekker is Niet Altijd Liefde by Hanny (#33); Don't Go Messin' with My Heart by Mantronix (#36); Love and Marriage by Frank Sinatra (#37); and Je Weet Nooit Wanneer by De Dijk (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 You're in Love--Wilson Phillips
3 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
4 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
5 Sadeness Part 1--Enigma
6 Joyride--Roxette
7 Rico Suave--Gerardo
8 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
9 Iesha--Another Bad Creation
10 Signs--Tesla

Singles entering the chart were Miracle by Whitney Houston (#63); Mama Said Knock You Out by LL Cool J (#74); Whatever You Want by Tony Toni Tone (#86); Unbelievable by EMF (#87); Nightgown by Candyman (#91); Backyard by Pebbles (with Salt-N-Pepa) (#93); Right Here, Right Now by Jesus Jones (#94); Feel the Groove by Cartouche (#97); and How Can I Ease the Pain by Lisa Fischer (#98).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
2 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
6 Joyride--Roxette
7 One More Try--Timmy -T-
8 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
9 This House--Tracie Spencer
10 Round and Round--Tevin Campbell

Singles entering the chart were Miracle by Whitney Houston (#80); Come Again by Damn Yankees (#82); Feel the Groove by Cartouche (#87); Don’t Make Me Dream About You by Chris Isaak (#88); It's a Shame (My Sister) by Monie Love (#89); and Written All Over Your Face by Rude Boys (#90).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
2 Someday--Mariah Carey
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
5 Joyride--Roxette
6 All This Time--Sting
7 One More Try--Timmy -T-
8 Rescue Me--Madonna
9 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma
10 Rhythm of My Heart--Rod Stewart

Singles entering the chart were Round and Round by Tevin Campbell (#74); Neighbourhood by Gregory Hoskins and the Stickpeople (#79); Night and Day by Bette Midler (#88); Heat by the Leslie Spit Treeo (#90); Don't Treat Me Bad by Firehouse (#93); Conspiracy by Paris Black (#94); and Decision or Collision by ZZ Top (#99).

World events
The U.S.A. and other nations began new efforts to assist Kurds by providing food and shelter for as many as 700,000 along the Iraq-Turkey border.

Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 5 @ Buffalo 1 (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Boston 3 @ Hartford 1 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Pittsburgh 4 @ New Jersey 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
New York Rangers 2 @ Washington 4 (Washington won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Dave Winfield hit 3 home runs, a double, and a single, driving in 6 runs, to lead the California Angels to a 15-9 win over the Minnesota Twins before 32,782 fans at Hubert H. Humprey Metrodome in Minneapolis. The Angels amassed 21 hits and the Twins 13.

The New York Yankees scored 8 runs in the 5th inning and held on to defeat the Kansas City Royals 9-8 before 25,746 fans at Royals Stadium. Kansas City center fielder and leadoff hitter Jim Eisenreich batted 4 for 4 with 3 doubles, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in. Oddly, the last 3 innings were scoreless.

The San Francisco Giants scored 8 runs in the first 6 innings and 8 more in the 7th as they routed the Houston Astros 16-2 before 22,411 fans at the Astrodome. San Francisco left fielder Kevin Mitchell batted 3 for 3 with 2 home runs, 4 runs, and 4 runs batted in.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): How Bizarre--OMC

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Children--Robert Miles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Children--Robert Miles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Captain Jack--Captain Jack (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Firestarter--The Prodigy (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (4th week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
4 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
5 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly featuring Ronald Isley
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
8 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
9 Doin' It--LL Cool J
10 Follow You Down/Til I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms

Singles entering the chart were Don't Wanna Lose You by Lionel Richie (#56); Machinehead by Bush (#63); Ain't Nobody/Kissing You by Faith Evans (#71); Guilty by Gravity Kills (#91); and Drop by the Pharcyde (#93). Machinehead was from the movie Fear (1996). Guilty was from the movie Seven (1995).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey (3rd week at #1)
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
4 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
5 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 Lady--D’Angelo
9 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio
10 All the Things (Your Man Won't Do)--Joe

Singles entering the chart were In the Meantime by Spacehog (#40); Esa Nena Linda by Artie the 1 Man Party (#70); Scandalous by the Click (#82); Shadowboxin' by Genius/GZA featuring Method Man (#84); Round We Go by Big Sister (#85); Soul Food by Goodie Mob (#88); and Envy/Firewater by Fat Joe/Fat Joe (featuring Raekwon, Big Punisher & Armageddon) (#89).

Edmonton 3 @ Toronto 6
Ottawa 5 @ New Jersey 2

The Senators' win over the Devils at Brendan Byrne Arena in East Rutherford eliminated the Devils from playoff competition, marking the first time in 26 years that the defending Stanley Cup champions had missed the playoffs. The Montreal Canadiens won consecutive Stanley Cups in 1968 and 1969, and missed the playoffs in 1970.

20 years ago

U.S. Defense Secretary Donald Rumsfeld said that the crew of a U.S. Navy spy plane that had collided with a Chinese fighter plane on April 1 had destroyed much secret data in the 15 minutes between landing on the Chinese island of Hainan and their surrender to Chinese authorities.

10 years ago

World events
Ousted Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak and his two sons were detained for investigation of corruption, abuse of power and killings of protesters.

A federal jury in San Francisco convicted former baseball star Barry Bonds of obstruction of justice, but failed to reach a verdict on allegations that he'd used steroids and lied to a grand jury about it.

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