Thursday, 29 April 2021

April 30, 2021

1,710 years ago

The Diocletianic Persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire ended.

150 years ago

6 Anglo Americans, 48 Mexican Americans, and 92 Tohono O'odham Indians massacred 144 Pinal and Aravaipa Apaches at Camp Grant, Arizona Territory. All but 8 of the victims were women and children.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Simon Kuznets
. Belarusian-born U.S. economist. Dr. Kuznets began his education in Ukraine before emigrating to the United States in 1922. He worked at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) (1927-1961); University of Pennsylvania (1930–1954); Johns Hopkins University (1954–1960); and Harvard University (1960–1971). Dr. Kuznets devised the Kuznets curve, an inverted U-shaped relation between income inequality and economic growth (1955, 1963). He was awarded the 1971 Nobel Prize in Economic Sciences "for his empirically founded interpretation of economic growth which has led to new and deepened insight into the economic and social structure and process of development." He died on July 8, 1985 at the age of 84.

Died on this date
Thomas "Dude" Esterbrook, 43
. Mr. Esterbrook was an infielder who played with seven major league teams from 1880-1891, batting .261 with 6 home runs and 210 runs batted in. He was being transported by train to a mental hospital in Middletown, New York when he squeezed through a washroom window and fell to the rail bed below.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Roger L. Easton
. U.S. physicist. Mr. Easton co-wrote the Naval Research Laboratory's Project Vanguard proposal for a U.S. satellite program in 1955, and in 1959 designed the Naval Space Surveillance (NAVSPASUR) system, the first system to detect and track all types of Earth-orbiting objects. Along with Ivan Getting and Bradford Parkinson, Mr. Easton designed the Global Positioning System in the 1970s. He was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2010, and died on May 8, 2014, eight days after his 93rd birthday.

80 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Ferryboat Serenade--The Tic-Toc Rhythm Orchestra; Dick Robertson (1st month at #1)

Died on this date
Edwin S. Porter, 71
. U.S. movie director, producer, and screenwriter. Mr. Porter was one of the most important figures in the early history of motion pictures, beginning his career as a projectionist and then as a cameraman. He produced, directed, wrote, and photographed numerous short films from 1901-1915; his most famous film was The Great Train Robbery (1903). Mr. Porter retired from moviemaking in 1915, and worked as an inventor and designer; he died nine days after his 71st birthday.

A German U-boat torpedoed the Canadian passenger ship Nerissa off Ireland, resulting in the loss of 73 Canadian Army personnel. German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler fixed the date for the German invasion of Russia. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill reported that 45,000 of the 60,000 men of the British expeditionary force had successfully evacuated Greece.

The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee defeated, by votes of 13-10, two measures opposed to the U.S. Navy's convoying supply ships to Britain. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Rear Admiral Amory Land, chairman of the Maritime Commission, to procure two million tons of shipping, domestic and foreign, to carry supplies to Britain.

Operators of soft coal mines in the northern United States reopened their mines following a settlement of their 29-day strike, and southern operators ordered their mines reopened on May 1 after signing a temporary agreement with the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Into Each Life Some Rain Must Fall--The Ink Spots and Ella Fitzgerald (1st month at #1)

At the Nuremberg trial of accused Nazi war criminals, former Reichsbank head Hjalmar Schacht claimed that he aided the Nazis because he thought their sole motive was national defense.

The Anglo-American Commission of Inquiry issued its report, recommending the termination of the British mandate in Palestine and its transfer to a United Nations trusteeship. It also called for the admission of 110,000 European Jews to Palestine and creation of a binational state. Both Jews and Arabs rejected the plan.

The foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France, at their conference in Paris, agreed to Italy's retention of the southern Tyrol, claimed by Austria.

The United Kingdom and France completed their evacuation from Syria 15 days ahead of schedule.

Allied headquarters in Tokyo announced the discovery of a plot, led by former Kamikaze pilot Hideo Tokayama, to assassinate Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers in Japan General Douglas MacArthur.

The Florida Supreme Court ruled against Dade County zoning laws barring Negroes from certain areas of Miami.

The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Harry Truman a bill providing $523 million for aid in the development of muicipal airports.

University of California physicist Ernest Lawrence revealed the development of the synchrotron, a new atom smasher which could accelerate electrons to energies of 300 million volts.

Bob Feller pitched his second career major league no-hitter, winning the pitchers' duel over Bill Bevens as the Cleveland Indians edged the New York Yankees 1-0 before 38,112 fans at Yankee Stadium. Catcher Frankie Hayes broke the tie with a solo home run with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning. Mr. Feller struck out 11 batters and walked 5, while Mr. Bevens allowed 7 hits, with 5 strikeouts and 5 bases on balls.

The Philadelphia Athletics took an 8-0 lead after 4 innings and held on to defeat the St. Louis Browns 12-8 before 5,192 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

70 years ago

A U.S. federal grand jury in Washington, D.C. convicted U.S. Representative Walter Brehm (Republican--Ohio) of illegally taking about $1,000 in salary kickbacks from former employee Mrs. Emma Craven as campaign contributions.

The United Kingdom offered to accept nationalization of the $560-million Anglo-Iranian Oil Company, which was 53% British-owned, provided Iran agreed to supply Britain with oil.

The United Labor Policy Committee officially ended its two-month boycott of U.S. government defense agencies because "considerable progress has been made in correcting unjust and unworkable procedures."

Rocky Marciano (35-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Willis Applegate (11-15-2) in a heavyweight bout before 4,167 fans at Rhode Island Auditorium in Providence.

In a three-way trade, the Philadelphia Athletics traded pitcher Lou Brissie to the Cleveland Indians for pitcher Sam Zoldak, catcher Ray Murray, and outfielder Minnie Minoso. The Athletics then traded Mr. Minoso and outfielder Paul Lehner to the Chicago White Sox for outfielders Gus Zernial and Dave Philley. Mr. Minoso, a rookie, was batting .429 in 8 games with the Indians in 1951, while Mr. Murray had hit safely in his only plate appearance with the Indians that year. Mr. Zoldak had yet to make an appearance in a major league game in 1951. Mr. Brissie was 0-2 in 2 games with the Athletics in 1951, while Mr. Lehner was batting .143 in 9 games. Mr. Philley was batting .240 in 7 games with the White Sox, while Mr. Zernial was batting .105 in 4 games.

60 years ago

K-19, the first Soviet nuclear submarine equipped with nuclear missiles, was commissioned.

Willie Mays borrowed the bat of teammate Joey Amalfitano and used it to hit 4 home runs and drive in 8 runs as the San Francisco Giants routed the Milwaukee Braves 14-4 before 13,114 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. Mr. Mays, six days shy of his 30th birthday, became the ninth player in major league history to hit 4 home runs in a game. The most recent to do it before him was Rocky Colavito of the Cleveland Indians in 1959. Orlando Cepeda hit 2 homers for the Giants, and Felipe Alou and Jose Pagan also homered. Hank Aaron drove in all 4 runs for the Braves with a pair of home runs. Billy Loes (2-1) pitched an 8-hit complete game victory.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 7 runs in the 8th inning and 4 in the 10th as they overcame a 6-0 deficit and defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 11-7 before 8,194 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis. Jack Meyer, the third of five Philadelphia pitchers, allowed 2 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 2 innings, walking 2 batters and strikng out 2 in the 202nd and last game of his 7-year major league career. George Crowe lined out as a pinch hitter for St. Louis in the 8th; it was the 702nd and last game of his 9-year major league career.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): (I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (3rd week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Have You Ever Seen the Rain--Creedence Clearwater Revival
2 A Summer Prayer for Peace--The Archies
3 Home--Dave Mills
4 Understanding--Peanutbutter Conspiracy
5 She’s a Lady--Tom Jones
6 What is Life--George Harrison
7 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity
8 Knock Three Times--Dawn
9 Chirpy, Chirpy, Cheep, Cheep--Lally Stott
10 Vicki--Lance James

Singles entering the chart were Hot Love by T. Rex (#19); and Sunny Honey Girl by Cliff Richard (#20).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
3 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
4 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
5 If--Bread
6 A Country Boy Named Willy--Spring
7 Jodie--Joey Gregorash
8 Another Day--Paul McCartney
9 Friends/Honey Roll--Elton John
10 Timothy--The Buoys

Singles entering the chart were Brown Sugar by the Rolling Stones (#24); Me and My Arrow by Nilsson (#28); Freedom Train by the Trials of Jayson Hoover (#29); and It Don't Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night (2nd week at #1)
2 Broken/Albert Flasher--The Guess Who
3 A Country Boy Named Willy--Spring
4 Lucky Man--Emerson, Lake & Palmer
5 Friends--Elton John
6 Sweet Mary--Argent
7 I was Wondering--The Poppy Family
8 Chick-A-Boom (Don't Ya Jes' Love It)--Daddy Dewdrop
9 Who Do You Love--Tom Rush
10 C'mon--Poco

Singles entering the chart were Hot Love by T. Rex (#26); Freedom Train by the Trials of Jayson Hoover (#28); and It Don't Come Easy by Ringo Starr (#29).

The Canadian government allowed the anti-terrorist Public Order (Temporary Measures) Act to lapse at midnight; the FLQ was still illegal under the Criminal Code.

Québec Premier Robert Bourassa announced his James Bay project; Hydro Québec was to build a $6-billion hydroelectric power project in the James Bay region, the largest such development ever undertaken in the western hemisphere.

Milwaukee 118 @ Baltimore 106 (Milwaukee won best-of-seven series 4-0)

Oscar Robertson led the Bucks to their first--and so far, only--National Basketball Association championship with 30 points and 9 assists as they completed the sweep of the series before 11,842 fans at Baltimore Civic Center. Milwaukee’s Lew Alcindor, who scored 27 points and grabbed 12 rebounds, was named the finals’ Most Valuable Player. The Bucks won the championship in just their third season in the league.

40 years ago

Hit parade
Edmonton's Top 20 (CHED)
1 Take it on the Run--REO Speedwagon
2 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
3 Morning Train (Nine to Five)--Sheena Easton
4 Kiss on My List--Daryl Hall & John Oates
5 Ain’t Even Done with the Night--John Cougar
6 Her Town Too--James Taylor and J.D. Souther
7 High School Confidential--Rough Trade
8 While You See a Chance--Steve Winwood
9 Turning Japanese--The Vapors
10 Just the Two of Us--Grover Washington, Jr.
11 Somebody’s Knockin’--Terri Gibbs
12 Crying--Don McLean
13 Thinking of You--Harlequin
14 Another One Rides the Bus--"Weird Al" Yankovic
15 Rapture--Blondie
16 It Just Occurred to Me--Peter Pringle
17 Sweetheart--Franke and the Knockouts
18 Limelight--Rush
19 Woman--John Lennon
20 I Can’t Stand It--Eric Clapton and his Band

Canadians John Lauchlan and James Blench reached the summit of 7,454.5-metre Mt. Gangapurna in the Himalayas by a new south face route.

Stanley Cup
New York Rangers 3 @ New York Islanders 7 (Islanders led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Minnesota 2 @ Calgary 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

25 years ago

Died on this date
David Opatoshu, 78
. U.S. actor. Mr. Opatoshu, born David Opatovsky, was a character actor in films and television for more than 50 years. His movies included The Naked City (1948); Exodus (1960); and Torn Curtain (1966).

Politics and government
Alberta Premier Ralph Klein announced the restoration of some funding to some of the province's hospitals, admitting that the cuts had caused too much discontent.

IIHF Men's World Championship @ Turkuhali, Finland
Canada 3 Finland 1

10 years ago

Died on this date
Dorjee Khandu, 56
. Indian politician. Mr. Khandu, a member of the Indian National Congress Party, was first elected to the Legislative Assembly of Arunachal Pradesh in 1990, representing Thingbu-Mukto. He held several cabinet posts before taking office as Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh in April 2007. Mr. Khandu initiated numerous infrastructure programs, but was killed with four other people in a helicopter crash; the bodies weren't discovered until May 4. Mr. Khandu was succeeded as Chief Minister of Arunachal Pradesh by Jarbom Gamlin.

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