Wednesday, 7 April 2021

April 6, 2021

380 years ago

Died on this date
Domenico Zampieri
aka Domenichino, 59. Italian artist. Domenichino was a Baroque painter of the Bolognese School of painters, with works that included landscapes, historical religious scenes, and church frescoes. His death may have been caused by poison at the hands of the jealous Cabal of Naples.

350 years ago

Born on this date
Jean-Baptiste Rousseau
. French poet and playwright. Mr. Rousseau was more successful as a poet than as a playwright, but was best known for his cynical epigrams, which were directed at those in his literary circle. He was prosecuted for defamation of character in 1712, failed to appear in court, and was condemned to perpetual exile, dying in Brussels on March 17, 1741, 20 days before his 70th birthday.

280 years ago

Born on this date
Nicolas Chamfort
. French author and playwright. Mr. Chamfort, born Sébastien-Roch Nicolas, was known for his epigrams and aphorisms. He was secretary to his cousin the Prince de Condé in the late 1770s, but supported the French Revolution and was one of the first to enter the Bastille when it was stormed in 1789. Mr. Chamfort eventually turned against the excesses of the revolution, and attempted suicide in September 1793; he was unsuccessful, but suffered greatly until his death on April 13, 1794, a week after his 53rd birthday.

180 years ago

Politics and government
U.S. Vice President John Tyler was sworn in as the 10th President of the United States of America, two days after the death of President William Henry Harrison.

170 years ago

The Canadian postal service was transferred from British control, and set a uniform postal rate of 3 pence per letter.

160 years ago

Arthur Sullivan's suite of incidental music for The Tempest received its premiere performance at the Leipzig Gewandhaus, drawing Mr. Sullivan to the attention of the musical establishment in England.

125 years ago

The first Olympic Games of the modern era were opened in Athens by King George I of Greece. Baron Pierre de Coubertin of France, founder of the modern movement, saw his dream come true as 311 athletes from 14 nations assembled at the foot of the Acropolis. There were no gold medals; each winner received a silver medal and a crown of olive branches.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Feodor Lynen
. German biochemist. Professor Lynen and Konrad Bloch were awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism." Prof. Lynen died on August 6, 1979 at the age of 68, six weeks after an operation for an aneurysm.

Phyllis Tate. U.K. composer. Miss Tate wrote works for amateur performers and children, often featuring unusual combinations of instruments. She died on May 29, 1987 at the age of 76.

Northern Albanian tribal forces defeated Ottoman Empire forces in the Battle of Deçiq in what is now Montenegro. Dedë Gjon Luli Dedvukaj, leader of the Malësori Albanians, raised the Albanian flag in the town of Tuzi, Montenegro, for the first time after George Kastrioti (Skanderbeg).

100 years ago

Born on this date
Wilbur Thompson
. U.S. shot putter. Mr. Thompson was American junior college champion in 1939 and 1940, interrupted his athletic career to serve in the U.S. Army in World War II, and was ranked in the top 6 in the world each year from 1947-1950. He won the gold medal in the men's shot put at the 1948 Summer Olympic Games. Mr. Thompson died on December 25, 2013 at the age of 92.

90 years ago

On the radio

The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Richard Gordon and Leigh Lovell, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: The Retired Colourman

80 years ago

Germany launched Operation 25 (the invasion of Yugoslavia) and Operation Marita (the invasion of Greece). British and South African forces captured Addis Ababa after an 11-week drive. British Army Lieutenant Generals Richard O'Connor and Philip Neame were captured by a German patrol in Libya. The U.K. battleship Malaya arrived in New York for repairs after being torpedoed by a German submarine.

Brazilian President Getulio Vargas signed a decree modifying the immigration ruling of the previous February allowing nationals of American nations to enter Brazil and remain for six months without having to register.

The U.S. National Defense Mediation Board concluded an agreement for the settlement of the 75-day strike at the Allis-Chalmers plant in Milwaukee; the company and the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Auto Workers agreed to arbitrate disputes and bar strikes.

Craig Wood won the Masters at Augusta National Golf Club in Augusta, Georgia with an 8-under par total of 280, three strokes ahead of Byron Nelson. First prize money was $1,500. Mr. Wood became the first golfer to hold at least a share of the lead in the Masters for its entire duration.

Stanley Cup
Detroit 2 @ Boston 3 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Pat McReavy's goal at 9:16 of the 3rd period gave the Bruins a 3-0 lead and proved to be the winner as they withstood a late rally and held on to edge the Red Wings at Boston Garden.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Oh! What it Seemed to Be--Frankie Carle and His Orchestra with Marjorie Hughes (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Airplay--3rd week at #1; Juke Box--4th week at #1; Honor Roll of Hits--5th week at #1)

The U.S. Navy revealed that sonar had been the most effective single weapon used against enemy submarines during World War II.

In an Army Day speech in Chicago, U.S. President Harry Truman warned that U.K.-U.S.S.R. rivalry in the Middle East "might erupt into conflict," and pledged that the United States would remain strong to support United Nations peacekeeping efforts and retain its leadership in world affairs.

The United States informed Ecuador that it would evacuate its military bases in the Galapagos Islands by July 1, 1946.

Politics and government
U.S. President Truman told a meeting of student editors that he favoured lowering the voting age to 18, but that repeal of the poll tax was a state matter.

Arkansas Governor Ben Laney said that Negroes would not be permitted to vote in the state's Democratic primary despite a declaration by U.S. Solicitor General Howard McGrath that he would prosecute any official who kept a person from voting because of race.

A 17-nation emergency food conference in London ended after appealing to Argentina to increase wheat exports, and urging creation of a single international agency to meet the world food crisis.

The International Court of Justice elected Jose Gustavo Guerrero of El Salvador to be its president.

United Mine Workers of America President John L. Lewis rejected U.S. Steel's offer to operate its mines on a retroactive wage basis while contract negotiations were going on.

The U.S. Senate passed and sent to President Truman the bill curbing coercive labour practices in radio broadcasting. The bill was an attempt to reduce the power and influence of American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo.

Oklahoma City residents turned out for venereal disease tests, as preachers, teachers, and socialites backed the U.S.A.'s first city-wide, rapid-treatment drive against VD.

70 years ago

On the radio
Hear it Now, hosted by Edward R. Murrow, on CBS

Tonight's program included news about the Korean War and an examination of reasons for the low crime rate in Milwaukee.

Died on this date
Robert Broom, 84
. U.K.-born S.A. paleontologist. Dr. Broom trained as a physician in his native Scotland before emigrating to Australia and finally settling in South Africa. He taught zoology and geology at Victoria College, but was forced out because of his belief in evolution. Dr. Broom eventually obtained a positionin paleontology at the Transvaal Museum in Pretoria, and became known for his discoveries of Australopithecus and Paranthropus fossils. He also believed in spiritual evolution and that "spiritual agencies" had guided evolution and his fossil discoveries.

Syria filed a complaint asking the United Nations Security Council to consider alleged Israeli armistice violations which had resulted in several Israeli-Syrian border clashes.

Washington, D.C. U.S. Federal Judge T. Alan Goldsborough sentenced Puerto Rican nationalist Oscar Collazo to death for the murder of White House guard Leslie Coffelt during the attempted assassination of President Harry Truman on November 1, 1950.

The California State Court of Appeals ruled that the University of California Board of Regents had violated the state constitution by requiring faculty members and employees to sign a non-Communist loyalty oath.

Newspapers and radio stations in the United States, Canada, and most Latin American countries flew their flags at half mast in "mourning" for La Prensa, the opposition newspaper closed by the Argentine government.

Hamilton, Ontario abandoned streetcars for buses as car 519 made its last run on the Belt Line.

Economics and finance
West German Social Democratic Party leader Kurt Schumacher, vowing to make West German membership in the European Coal and Steel Community a major political issue, said that he opposed the organization in linking Germany with Europe's most conservative states and imposing limits on German coal and steel production.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Surrender--Elvis Presley (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Wooden Heart--Elvis Presley (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Jules Bordet, 90
. Belgian immunologist and microbiologist. Dr. Bordet was awarded the 1919 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for his discoveries relating to immunity." The bacterial genus Bordetella is named after him.

Stanley Cup
Detroit 2 @ Chicago 3 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Black Hawks jumped to a 3-0 lead in the 1st period and held on to edge the Red Wings at Chicago Stadium. Bobby Hull scored the first and third Chicago goals, with Ken Wharram scoring between them, with all the goals coming in a span of 3 minutes 36 seconds midway through the period. Detroit goalie Terry Sawchuk was injured and Hank Bassen came into the game to replace him.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Rose Garden--Lynn Anderson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): What is Life--George Harrison

Died on this date
Igor Stravinsky, 88
. Russian-born musician, composer, and conductor. Mr. Stravinsky was a pianist who became one of the most influential composers of the 20th century, especially with his ballets The Firebird (1910); Petrushka (1911); and The Rite of Spring (1913), the last of which reportedly caused a riot at its premiere performance in Paris. Mr. Stravinsky composed in various styles throughout his life; he achived a reputation as a musical revolutionary with his early works, but later turned to neoclassicism and serialism. He moved to France in 1920 and became a French citizen in 1934, but moved permanently to the United States in 1939, and became an American citizen in 1945. Mr. Stravinsky died of heart failure.

During the world table tennis championships in Nagoya, Japan, the People’s Republic of China invited the U.S. team to visit the mainland.

Politics and government
Richard Daley won his fifth term as Mayor of Chicago; he had served 16 years, longer than any mayor in the city's history.

Former German SS anthropologist and ethnologist Bruno Beger was convicted and sentenced to three years in prison for being an accomplice in the murder of 86 Jews during World War II. The Jews, prisoners at Auschwitz death camp in Poland, were murdered in order that their skeletons could be preserved as part of the Nazis' racial experiments. Mr. Beger claimed that he had been unaware that the prisoners wre to be killed. His sentence was appealed and reduced to three years' probation.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Antmusic--Adam and the Ants (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Ruby no Yubiwa--Akira Terao (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Johnny & Mary--Robert Palmer (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Fade to Grey--Visage (5th week at #1)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): Falling--Julee Cruise

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Se Stiamo Insieme--Riccardo Cocciante (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Because I Love You--Stevie B (The Postman Song) (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Wind of Change--Scorpions (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Unfinished Sympathy--Massive
2 Joyride--Roxette
3 Liefde Voor Muziek--Raymond v/h Groenewoud
4 The Grease Megamix--John Travolta & Olivia Newton-John
5 Do the Bartman--The Simpsons
6 Let There Be Love--Simple Minds
7 (I Wanna Give You) Devotion--Nomad featuring Mc Mikee Freedom
8 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
9 Rescue Me--Madonna
10 Papa--Stef Bos

Singles entering the chart were One More Try by Timmy T (#21); You by Ten Sharp (#26); Mega Mix by Snap! (#29); Rhythm of My Heart by Rod Stewart (#30); Where the Streets Have No Name (I Can't Take My Eyes Off You) by Pet Shop Boys (#31); and By My Side by INXS (#32).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan (2nd week at #1)
2 I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 You're in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 Sadeness Part 1--Enigma
6 One More Try--Timmy -T-
7 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
8 Signs--Tesla
10 Iesha--Another Bad Creation

Singles entering the chart were I Don't Wanna Cry by Mariah Carey (#50); Losing My Religion by R.E.M. (#73); Bitter Tears by INXS (#80); Word of Mouth by Mike + the Mechanics (#83); (If There Was) Any Other Way by Celine Dion (#84); Strike it Up by Black Box (#87); I Wanna Sex You Up by Color Me Badd (#88); Love at First Sight by Styx (#91); and People are Still Having Sex by LaTour (#92). I Wanna Sex You Up was from the movie New Jack City (1991).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan (2nd week at #1)
2 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
3 One More Try--Timmy -T-
4 Hold You Tight--Tara Kemp
5 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
6 This House--Tracie Spencer
7 Someday--Mariah Carey
8 Baby Baby--Amy Grant
9 Joyride--Roxette
10 Get Here--Oleta Adams

Singles entering the chart were I Don’t Wanna Cry by Mariah Carey (#51); (If There Was) Any Other Way by Celine Dion (#80); Love at First Sight by Styx (#81); Bitter Tears by INXS (#82); and Walking in Memphis by Marc Cohn (#86).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Someday--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)
2 Coming Out of the Dark--Gloria Estefan
3 You’re in Love--Wilson Phillips
4 All This Time--Sting
5 I’ve Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
6 Joyride--Roxette
7 Rescue Me--Madonna
8 One More Try--Timmy -T-
9 Waiting for Love--Alias
10 Sadeness (Part 1)--Enigma

Singles entering the chart were Temple of Love by Sisters of Mercy (#68); Red Clay Hills by Mae Moore (#75); Touch Me (All Night Long) by Cathy Dennis (#79); Youth of 1,000 Summers by Van Morrison (#86); Sensible Shoes by David Lee Roth (#87); Auberge by Chris Rea (#91); Here We Go by C+C Music Factory (#92); and You Don't Have to Go Home Tonight by the Triplets (#93).

The government of Iraq formally accepted the terms for a permanent cease-fire that brought a formal end to the Persian Gulf War. The conditions stipulated in United Nations Security Council Resolution 687 included the UN-supervised destruction of Iraq’s chemical and biological weapons and ballistic missiles, and the establishment of a reparations fund through which Iraq would pay war damages to Kuwait and its allies. Iraq’s National Assembly voted in favour of the resolution, a day after the terms had been accepted by Iraq’s Supreme Revolutionary Command Council chaired by President Saddam Hussein.

Politics and government
In an address to the national convention of the Reform Party of Canada, party leader Preston Manning spelled out his vision, denouncing Prime Minister Brian Mulroney’s concept of racial, cultural, and linguistic duality in Canada as "hopelessly doomed."

Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Minnesota 2 @ Chicago 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Detroit 2 @ St. Louis 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Edmonton 1 @ Calgary 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Vancouver 2 @ Los Angeles 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): One of Us--Joan Osborne (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Children--Robert Miles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Children--Robert Miles (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Captain Jack--Captain Jack (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Firestarter--The Prodigy (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion (3rd week at #1)
2 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
3 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
4 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly featuring Ronald Isley
5 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
8 Missing--Everything But the Girl
9 One Sweet Day--Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men
10 1,2,3,4 (Sumpin' New)--Coolio

Singles entering the chart were Always Be My Baby; In the Meantime by Spacehog (#43); Give Me One Reason by Tracy Chapman (#60); Ain't No Nigga/Dead Presidents by Jay-Z featuring Foxxy Brown (#76); Shadowboxin' by Genius/GZA featuring Method Man (#89); 'Round We Go by Big Sister (#91); and Counting Blue Cars by Dishwalla (#98).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey (2nd week at #1)
2 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
3 Ironic--Alanis Morissette
4 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project
5 Down Low (Nobody Has to Know)--R. Kelly (featuring Ronald Isley and Ernie Isley)
6 Sittin' Up in My Room--Brandy
7 Til I Hear it from You/Follow You Down--Gin Blossoms
8 Lady--D’Angelo
9 Not Gon' Cry--Mary J. Blige
10 All the Things (Your Man Won't Do)--Joe

Singles entering the chart were Amish Paradise by "Weird Al" Yankovic (#60); Ain't Nobody by Faith Evans (#71); and One for the Money by Horace Brown (#72).

Died on this date
Greer Garson, 91
. U.K.-born U.S. actress. Miss Garson was known for co-starring in eight movies with Walter Pidgeon from 1941-1953. She was nominated for seven Academy Awards, winning for Best Actress for Mrs. Miniver (1942).

Factional fighting broke out in the Liberian capital of Monrovia; the United States evacuated hundreds of Americans and foreign nationals.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Charles Pettigrew, 37
. Mr. Pettigrew and Eddie Chacon comprised the duo Charles & Eddie, best known for their hit single Would I Lie to You? (1992). They failed to achieve equal commercial success before amicably splitting in 1997. Mr. Pettigrew performed with the new wave group Tom Tom Club in the late 1990s before dying after a long battle with cancer.

Ahmed Ressam, an Algerian and former resident of Montreal, was convicted of nine criminal offenses, the most serious of which was conspiracy to commit terrorist acts by bringing explosives into the U.S. Mr. Ahmed had been arrested at the Canada-U.S.A. border on December 14, 1999.

Canadian Health Minister Allan Rock announced rules to allow terminally or chronically ill patients to buy, grow and use marijuana to alleviate pain.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate voted 65-35 to approve a $1.2-trillion tax cut over 10 years, down from the $1.6 trillion that the House of Representatives had approved and that had been advocated by President George W. Bush.

Richie Sexson’s 2-run home run in the bottom of the 8th inning was the decisive blow as the Milwaukee Brewers came from behind to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 5-4 in the first regular season game at Miller Park in Milwaukee. U.S. President George W. Bush was among the 42,024 in attendance and threw out the first ball.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Gerald Finnerman, 79
. U.S. cinematographer. Mr. Finnerman, the son of cinematographer Perry Finnerman, was mainly known for his work in television series such as Star Trek (1966-1968) and Moonlighting (1985-1989). He was nominated for six Primetime Emmy Awards, winning for the made-for-television movie Ziegfeld: The Man and His Women (1978).

The bodies of 193 murder victims of the Mexican drug cartel Los Zetas were exhumed from several mass graves at La Joya ranch in the municipality of San Fernando, Tamaulipas, Mexico.

Economics and finance
Portugal became the third debt-stressed European country to need a bailout, as Prime Minister Pedro Passos Coelho announced that his country would request international assistance.

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