Monday, 10 September 2018

September 10, 2018

710 years ago

Died on this date
Go-Nijō, 23
. Emperor of Japan, 1301-1308. Go-Nijō, born Kuniharu-shinnō, the eldest son of Emperor Go-Uda, succeeded his second cousin Go-Fushimi on the throne. Go-Nijō died of an illness and was succeded by his second cousin Hanazono.

410 years ago

Politics and government
Captain John Smith became the leader of the Jamestown settlement in what is now Virginia when he assumed the presidency of its governing council.

220 years ago

British Honduran forces defeated Spanish forces in the Battle of St. George's Caye.

160 years ago

George Mary Searle discovered the asteroid 55 Pandora.

120 years ago

Died on this date
Elisabeth, 60
. Empress consort of Austria, 1854-1898. Empress Elisabeth married Emperor Franz Josef I in 1854. She suffered from frequent ailments, and never recovered from the murder-suicide of her son Rudolf and his lover in 1889. Empress Elisabeth was fatally stabbed by Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni in Geneva as she was on her way to board a steamship for Montreux.

Fire broke out at 11:00 pm in several tons of hay stored on the B & K wharf on Front Street wharf, near the New Westminster, British Columbia city market. Fanned by high winds, the fire spread along the waterfront, and by the following afternoon, much of the town had been destroyed.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Raymond Scott
. U.S. composer and bandleader. Mr. Scott, born Harry Warnow, was a pioneer of electronic music and wrote pieces that have been used in countless cartoons. His compositions included The Toy Trumpet and In an Eighteenth-Century Drawing Room. Mr. Scott died on February 8, 1994 at the age of 85.

Angus Bethune. Australian politician. Sir Angus, a member of the Liberal Party of Australia, was first elected to the Tasmanian House of Assembly in 1946, and was Premier of Tasmania from 1969-1972. He died on August 22, 2004 at the age of 95.

100 years ago

Red Army forces captured Kazan in the Russian Civil War.

The Saint John Federal Police Protective Association, the first police union in Canada, was chartered in Saint John, New Brunswick. Two days later, the Police Commission dismissed a number of the officers, but they were later reinstated.

The players with both teams in baseball's World Series threatened not to play because low attendance was producing a low share for the players of the gate receipts. The dispute was solved, but not before the start of the game as delayed for an hour.

World Series
Chicago Cubs 3 @ Boston Red Sox 0 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Hippo Vaughn pitched a 5-hitter and Dode Paskert doubled home 2 runs in the 8th inning to clinch the victory for the Cubs before 24,694 fans at Fenway Park.

90 years ago

Died on this date
J.J. Williams
. U.S. military aviator. Lieutenant Williams, a U.S. Army stunt flier, was killed in a crash at Mines Field, Los Angeles.

Earl Rowland's airplane was the first to land at Long Beach, California in the five-day air derby race from Roosevelt Field at Mineola, New York.

The airplane Southern Cross, piloted by Captain Kingsford-Smith and Charles P. Ulm, who had recently flown from California to Australia, landed at Wellington, New Zealand after a flight from Sydney.

Politics and government
Republican Party candidate W.T. Gardiner was elected Governor of Maine by the unprecedented margin of 82,000 votes.

A switchman's false signal caused the De Luxe Express train from Paris and Berlin to Vienna and Budapest to dash head-on into a freight train at Zajecci, killing 18 people and injuring 40.

80 years ago

Marilyn Meseke, representing Ohio, was named Miss America 1938 at the annual pageant at the Steel Pier in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Bruce-Partington Plans

German forces under Field Marshal General Albert Kesselring seized Rome and began their occupation of the city, while the Italian Navy turned their fleet over to the Allies. Canadian troops moved 75 miles inland from Reggio Calabria in spite of rain, poor mountain roads and German rearguard actions, after crossing the Aspromonte Mountains and moving along the Gulf of Taranto to Catanzaro, Italy. To assist American troops in the breakout from the Salerno bridgehead, a Canadian brigade was diverted from the main line of advance to seize Potenza, an important road centre east of Salerno. The Soviet Red Army captured the Sea of Azov port of Mariupol, and the westward drive from the Donets Basin carried to Chaplino, 60 miles east of the Dnieper River. Australian troops in New Guinea reached the Busu River, four miles east of Lae, and advance elements of the forces on the west were pushing forward to the main defense outpost at Heath's Plantation.

HMCS St. Boniface was commissioned for the Royal Canadian Navy at Esquimalt, British Columbia.

Iran became the 32nd member of the United Nations, 24 hours after declaring war against Germany.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt named James M. Landis as minister to the Middle East in charge of U.S. economic operations there.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Ferdinand I, 87
. Czar of Bulgaria, 1908-1918; Knyaz of Bulgaria, 1887-1908. Ferdinand I, a German prince of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha-Koháry, was elected Knyaz (ruling prince) of Bulgaria by the Grand National Assembly. He proclaimed Bulgaria's de jure independence from the Ottoman Empire on October 5, 1908, and assumed the title of Czar. Bulgaria sided with the Central Powers in World War I, and in an effort to save the monarchy, Ferdinand abdicated in favour of his son Boris III on October 3, just two days short of 10 years as Czar. Ferdinand I lived the rest of his life in exile in Coburg, Germany.

Walther Mayer, 61. Austro-Hungarian born U.S. mathematician. Dr. Mayer was known for the Mayer–Vietoris sequence in topology. He became an assistant to Albert Einstein in 1929, and worked with Professor Einstein on relativity from 1931-1936, becoming known as "Einstein's calculator." Dr. Mayer followed Professor Einstein to the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey in the 1930s, and remained there for the rest of his life.

American-born Mildred Gillars, better known as "Axis Sally," was indicted in Washington, D.C. by a U.S. federal grand jury on 10 counts of treason for making radio propaganda broadcasts from and in support of Germany during World War II.

Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru demanded that Indian troops be admitted to Hyderabad as a "peace-keeping force," following the outbreak of disorders in the princely state.

Politics and government
Lester Pearson was appointed Secretary of State for External Affairs in the Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King, succeeding Louis St. Laurent, who had recently been elected Liberal Party leader, soon to succeed Mr. King.

The French National Assembly confirmed Henri Queuille as Prime Minister, heading a cabinet composed of Radicals, Socialists, Republican Liberals, and Popular Republicans. Former Prime Minister Robert Schuman remained as Foreign Minister.

The Argentine government issued a general organization law giving President Juan Peron sweeping emergency powers.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities held a secret session to question wartime atomic research director Leslie Groves on possible security leaks in the Manhattan Project.

A court in Indianapolis permanently banned the States' Rights Party ticket from the Indiana ballot because of a suit charging that the party's platform "seeks to discriminate against minority groups." The Louisiana Democratic Party Central Committee voted to support States' Rights candidates in coming elections, denying U.S. President Harry Truman a place on the state ballot.

U.S. authorities established a military court of appeal as the highest tribunal in the American zone of Germany.

The Aeronautical Mechanics Union ended a 140-day strike by 14,800 Boeing Aircraft workers in Seattle after failing to gain satisfaction of demands for a 30c hourly wage increase.

60 years ago

At the movies
A double feature of The Blob, directed by Irvin Yeaworth and starring Steven McQueen and Aneta Corsaut, and I Married a Monster from Outer Space, produced and directed by Gene Fowler, Jr., and starring Tom Tryon and Gloria Talbott, opened in theatres in Los Angeles.

U.S. customs agents near Fort Lauderdale, Florida arrested 31 Cubans en route to join Fidel Castro's guerrilla forces.

Morocco demanded that the U.S.A. close its remaining Moroccan military bases.

Argentine Air Commodore Roberto Huerta resigned as Air Minister because of widespread opposition among Air Force officers to the spread of Peronist influence in the service.

Politics and government
Georgia Lieutenant Governor Ernest Vandiver won a landslide victory in the state's Democratic Party gubernatorial primary.

Top officials of the 3-million-member United Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. declared that racial desegregation in the southern states should be enforced "with troops and tanks if necessary."

Kitchener-Waterloo (2-1) 28 @ Sarnia (3-0) 63

J.B. Smith rushed for touchdowns of 62, 29, and 56 yards, and Ernie White returned a kickoff 99 yards for a touchdown to help the Golden Bears rout the Dutchmen before 4,000 fans at Norm Perry Park. Frank Macey, Eric McKeever, Mr. Sturm, Tom Dwinnell, and Tex Robinson scored the other Sarnia TDs. Gino Cappelletti added 6 converts and a field goal. Bernie Custis, Ed Mitchell, Dave West, and Doug Trevor-Wilson scored K-W touchdowns, all converted by Mike Norcia.

The Seattle Rainiers of the AAA Pacific Coast League fired manager Connie Ryan, who was in his first season with the team. The Rainiers, the top farm team of the Cincinnati Redlegs, had finished eighth and last in the PCL in 1958 with a record of 68-86, 21 games behind the pennant-winning Phoenix Giants.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Hey Jude--The Beatles

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (10th week at #1)

Died on this date
Edries "Brother" Fataar, 33
. S.A. musician. Mr. Fataar was bass player and vocalist for The Flames, a popular South African band in the 1960s. While performing in London, they were discovered by Carl Wilson of the Beach Boys, who signed them to the Beach Boys' Brother Records label. Recording on Brother as The Flame, they released an album in 1970, and recorded another that wasn't released. The Flame lineup on Brother included Mr. Fataar's brothers Steve and Ricky, as well as guitarist Blondie Chaplin. Ricky Fataar and Mr. Chaplin joined the Beach Boys in late 1971-early 1972; Mr. Chaplin left in late 1973, Mr. Ricky Fataar a year later. The cause of Brother Fataar's death is unknown, at least to this blogger. He was buried in Amsterdam, although the location of his grave is unknown.

Auto racing
Niki Lauda of Austria won the Italian Grand Prix at Monza, which was shortened because of a crash at the start which resulted in severe injuries to drivers Vittorio Brambilla and Ronnie Peterson; Mr. Peterson died the next day. Mario Andretti, who was moved back from first place to sixth after being penalized for jumping a restart, clinched the world driving championship, with Mr. Peterson, his teammate, finishing second overall.

Montreal (5-4) 27 @ Toronto (3-6) 2
Hamilton (2-6-1) 16 @ Edmonton (7-1-1) 56

The Argonauts' loss to the Alouettes at Exhibition Stadium was their fifth straight, and head coach Leo Cahill was fired after the game, ending his coaching career. He was replaced as head coach of the Argonauts by assistant coach Bud Riley, who had been head coach of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers from 1974-1977.

Waddell Smith caught 3 touchdown passes, Joe Hollimon returned an interception for a touchdown, and Larry Washington, playing his first game in almost a year, rushed for 84 yards and his first CFL touchdown to help the Eskimos rout the Tiger-Cats before 42,768 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. It was the greatest number of points scored by the Eskimos in a game since a 72-2 win over the Calgary Tigers on October 1, 1921, and the highest single-game point total in the league since August 28, 1964, when the Saskatchewan Roughriders routed the Eskimos 56-8 at Clarke Stadium in Edmonton. Mr. Hollimon's touchdown was his third of the season on an interception return, tying the league record set by Dick Thornton of the Winnipeg Blue Bombers in 1963. Mr. Washington had suffered a pelvic injury during the 1977 season, and was playing his first game since September 17, 1977. Jimmy Edwards caught 2 touchdown passes for the Tiger-Cats.

Oakland (1-1) 21 @ San Diego (1-1) 20

On what became known as the "Holy Roller" play, the Chargers were leading the Raiders 20-14 with 10 seconds remaining, with Oakland in possession of the ball on the San Diego 14-yard line. Quarterback Ken Stabler was under pressure and threw the ball forward. Running back Pete Banaszak batted the ball further forward, and tight end Dave Casper batted the ball into the San Diego end zone and fell on it for a touchdown, with Errol Mann's convert giving the Raiders the win. Referee Jerry Markbreit ruled the ball a fumble rather than a forward pass, but Mr. Stabler said after the game that he had deliberately fumbled. The league backed up Mr. Markbreit's call, but changed the rule after the season to prevent such an event from recurring.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gimme Five 2--Jovanotti (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Tribute (Right On)--The Pasadenas (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Stop--Sam Brown

#1 single in France (SNEP): Nuit de folie--Début de Soirée (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): A Groovy Kind of Love--Phil Collins

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses
2 Monkey--George Michael
3 Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer
4 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
5 I Don't Wanna Go On with You Like That--Elton John
6 Fast Car--Tracy Chapman
7 If it Isn't Love--New Edition
8 When it's love--Van Halen
9 I'll Always Love You--Taylor Dayne
10 Nobody's Fool--Kenny Loggins

Singles entering the chart were One Moment in Time by Whitney Houston (#56); The Promise by When in Rome (#78); Dance Little Sister (Part 1) by Terence Trent D'Arby (#80); Strangelove by Depeche Mode (#82); How Can I Fall? by Breathe (#85); Kokomo by the Beach Boys (#86); Baby, I Love Your Way/Freebird Medley (Free Baby) by Will to Power (#88); and You Came by Kim Wilde (#90).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
2 Simply Irresistible--Robert Palmer
3 Fast Car--Tracy Chapman
4 Monkey--George Michael
5 Hands to Heaven--Breathe
6 Diamond Sun--Glass Tiger
7 I Don't Wanna Live Without Love--Chicago
8 Love Will Save the Day--Whitney Houston
9 It Would Take a Strong Man--Rick Astley
10 Sweet Child o' Mine--Guns 'N' Roses

Singles entering the chart were Indestructible by the Four Tops (#78); The Loco-Motion by Kylie Minogue (#83); Nothing Can Come Between Us by Sade (#86); Ya Ya by the Steve Miller Band (#90); Chains of Love by Erasure (#91); Breakfast in Bed by UB40 with Chrissie Hynde (#92); Come Back to Me by Barney Bentall (#94); Wild Wild West by Escape Club (#96); Living for You by Joan Armatrading (#97); and Nightmare on My Street by D.J. Jazzy Jeff and Fresh Prince (#98).

Gretchen Carlson, representing Minnesota, was named Miss America 1989 at the annual pageant at Boardwalk Hall in Atlantic City, New Jersey.

CTV switched from ground to satellite transmission.

Politics and government
Burma's ruling Socialist Program Party announced that elections would be held that would end 26 years of one-party rule.

19-year-old Steffi Graf of West Germany defeated Gabriela Sabatini of Argentina in three sets to win the women's singles title at the U.S. Open championships, becoming the first woman to win the grand slam since Margaret Court in 1970.

Ottawa (1-9) 16 @ Calgary (3-7) 17 (OT)

Manitoba (1-1) 21 @ Alberta (0-2) 17

25 years ago

Calgary (10-1) 16 @ Edmonton (7-4) 29

Lucius Floyd, playing his first game in an Edmonton uniform, caught 2 touchdown passes from Damon Allen as the Eskimos handed the Stampeders their first loss of the season in an entertaining game before 54,324 fans at Commonwealth Stadium. Michael Soles rushed 14 yards for the other Edmonton touchdown. Calgary quarterback Doug Flutie completed just 16 of 34 passes for 124 yards and 3 interceptions. He passed to Derrick Crawford for a touchdown and handed off to Andy McVey for the other Calgary major score.

20 years ago

Air Canada and its pilots reached an agreement to end a 9-day strike.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Gérald Beaudoin, 79
. Canadian politician. Mr. Beaudoin, a Progressive Conservative, represented the Quebec division of Rigaud in the Canadian Senate from 1988-2004.

Vernon Handley, 77. U.K. orchestra conductor. Mr. Handley led numerous orchestras in a career spanning about 50 years, and was particularly known for championing and conducting recordings of music of British composers such as Granville Bantock, Arnold Bax, and Charles Villiers Stanford.

CERN's Large Hadron Collider, the world's largest and highest-energy particle accelerator, was first powered up beneath the Franco-Swiss border near Geneva.

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