Tuesday, 4 September 2018

September 4, 2018

250 years ago

Born on this date
François-René de Chateaubriand
. French diplomat, politician, and writer. Vicomte de Chateaubriand held various ambassadorial posts, including to the United Kingdom, and was Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1822-1824. He was more influential as a writer, being a major influence on Romanticism. Vicomte de Chateaubriand died on July 4, 1848 at the age of 79.

175 years ago

Married on this date
Emperor Dom Pedro II of Brazil
and Teresa Cristina of the Two Sicilies were wed in a cathedral in Rio de Janeiro, the day after Teresa Cristina's arrival. The couple had been married by proxy on May 30.

130 years ago

George Eastman registered the trademark Kodak and received a patent for his camera that used roll film.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Paul Harvey
. U.S. broadcaster. Paul Harvey Aurandt was one of the most famous radio broadcasters in American history. Based in Chicago, he began working with the American Broadcasting Company in 1944, and stayed with ABC for the rest of his life. Mr. Harvey was known for his shows Paul Harvey News and Comment, which began in 1951, and The Rest of the Story, which was originally part of his newscast, and became a program of its own in 1976. Mr. Harvey died on February 28, 2009 at the age of 90, more than eight years into a 10-year contract that he had signed at the age of 80.

Gerald Wilson. U.S. musician. Mr. Wilson was a jazz trumpeter who performed in various bands, led his own band, and composed numerous works in a career that spanned more than 75 years until his death on September 8, 2014, four days after his 96th birthday.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Fred Bretonnel, 23 (?)
. French boxer. Mr. Bretonnel began fighting professionally in 1919 and compiled a record of 35-17-14-2. He was French featherweight champion from June-October 1924, and was fighting as a welterweight when he hanged himself in Paris because of "family troubles."

Despite a recommendation by New York Attorney General Albert Ottinger for a suspended sentence, former New York Secretary of State Florence Knapp was sentenced to 30 days in prison for grand larceny in the first degree, after being convicted on May 26 of padding payrolls of the 1925 New York State census. She was released at the end of her sentence on October 3, 1928.

Seven people in an air mail plane were killed when it crashed while landing at Pocatello, Idaho.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): In the Blue of Evening--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra with Frank Sinatra (3rd week at #1)

Soviet troops driving toward the Donets Basin steel centre of Stalino captured Ilovask and took key railway lines. Italian troops evacuated the Melito district on the south coast of Calabria as well as the Reggio Calabria and San Giovanni areas on the west coast. A large Allied force landed on the north shore of Huon Gulf, east of Lae, New Guinea, and isolated the Japanese bases at Lae and Salamaua.

Politics and government
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt accepted the resignation of Rubber Director William Jeffers, who declared that "the big job" of organizing synthetic rubber production "is done."

U.S. Fuel Administrator Harold Ickes ordered 369 more solft-coal mines returned to their owners, raising to 549 the number of such mines restored to their owners.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard) (Best Seller): Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 My Happiness--The Pied Pipers (3rd week at #1)
--Jon and Sondra Steele
--Ella Fitzgerald
2 You Call Everybody Darlin'--Al Trace and the Revelers
--Anne Vincent
--Jack Smith and the Clark Sisters
--The Andrews Sisters
3 It's Magic--Doris Day
--Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
--Tony Martin
--Gordon MacRae
4 A Tree in the Meadow--Margaret Whiting
5 Twelfth Street Rag--Pee Wee Hunt and his Orchestra
6 Love Somebody--Doris Day and Buddy Clark
7 You Can't Be True, Dear--Ken Griffin
--Dick Haymes with the Song Spinners
--The Sportsmen
8 Maybe You'll Be There--Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra
9 Underneath the Arches--Primo Scala’s Banjo and Accordian Orchestra with the Keynotes
--The Andrews Sisters
10 Cool Water--Vaughn Monroe and the Sons of the Pioneers

Singles entering the chart were the version of You Call Everybody Darlin' by the Andrews Sisters, which was the other side of Underneath the Arches; Where Flamingos Fly by the Ink Spots (#32); Just a Shade on the Blue Side by Peggy Lee (#33); It's You or No One by Dick Haymes and Gordon Jenkins and his Orchestra (#36); and Life Gits Tee-Jus Don't It by Carson Robison with the Pleasant Valley Boys (#40).

Died on this date
Eugene Ford, 82
. U.S. engineer. Mr. Ford was an engineer and inventor with International Business Machines.

Jews and Arabs established a second neutral zone in southern Jerusalem between the new and old cities.

Queen Wilhelmina's reign over the Netherlands ended with her abdication for health reasons, in favour of her daughter Juliana.

Politics and government
The European Parliamentary Congress ended a five-day meeting in Interlaken, Switzerland by calling on western European countries to confer on proposals for the creation of a European parliament with a fedeal constitution.

The U.S. Senate Expenditures subcommittee investigating the loyalty of federal employees issued a report criticizing President Harry Truman's loyalty program as indadequate, demanding faster and standardized loyalty checks and recommending the creation of an independent board to handle loyalty cases in all executive departments.

The U.S. State Department refused to permit unlimited immigration to Israel of men aged 18-45 from U.S.-controlled refugee camps in central Europe.

Paul Mantz became the first pilot to win the Bendix Air Trophy three times as he won the 2,800-mile race from Long Beach, California to Cleveland, earning $10,000.

The World Council of Churches ended its two-week founding assembly in Amsterdam with resolutions opposing both Communism and "laissez-faire capitalism," and denouncing anti-Semitism as "a sin against God and man."

16,000 Congress of Industrial Organizations Oil Workers Of America Union members struck in a West Coast wage dispute, shutting down nine major California refineries.

Hamilton (0-1) 5 @ Ottawa (2-0) 30
Montreal (0-2) 7 @ Toronto (1-0) 20

60 years ago

Died on this date
Red Killefer, 73
. U.S. baseball player. Wade Killefer was an outfielder with the Detroit Tigers (1907-1909); Washington Nationals (1909-1910); Cincinnati Reds (1914-1916); and New York Giants (1916), batting .248 with 3 home runs and 116 runs batted in in 467 games. He led the American League in being hit with a pitch in 1910 (16) and led the National League in the same category in 1915 (19). Mr. Killefer managed five teams in the Pacific Coast League and American Association from 1917-1941, leading the Los Angeles Angels (1921) and Seattle Indians (1924) to PCL pennants. He was inducted into the Pacific Coast League Hall of Fame in 1945. Mr. Killefer's brother Bill was a major league catcher from 1909-1921.

The People's Republic of China claimed all waters within 12 miles of its shoreline, placing Quemoy, Matsu, and other nearby offshore islands within its territorial area.

United Nations Secretary-General Dag Hammarskjold met with U.A.R. President Gamal Nasser in Cairo, but failed to reach an agreement that would permit British forces to leave Jordan.

Politics and government
More than one million Chileans voted in the nation's first secret-ballot presidential election, but failed to give a clear majority to any of the candidates.

French Prime Minister Charles de Gaulle issued the text of the proposed new constitution, providing for a strong president elected for a seven-year term.

The Alabama Supreme Court granted an indefinite stay of execution to Jimmy Wilson, a Negro farmhand sentenced to die in the electric chair for taking $1.95 from an elderly white woman at her home in Marion in 1957.

James Tuck, thermonuclear research director of the Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory, said in Geneva that a controlled thermonuclear reaction had probably been achieved by the "Scylla" apparatus there.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees

Australia's top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Dream a Little Dream of Me--Mama Cass
2 MacArthur Park--Richard Harris
3 Indian Lake--The Cowsills
4 The Orange and the Green/(The Puppet Song) Whiskey on a Sunday--The Irish Rovers
5 Help Yourself--Tom Jones
6 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
7 Lady Willpower--Gary Puckett and the Union Gap
8 Hurdy Gurdy Man--Donovan
9 I Don't Want to Love You/Jamie--Johnny Farnham
10 Alice Long (You're Still My Favorite Girlfriend)--Tommy Boyce & Bobby Hart

Singles entering the chart were I've Gotta Get a Message to You/Kitty Can by the Bee Gees (#22); The Music Played by Matt Monroe (#29); Baby, Come Back by the Equals (#35); Here Comes the Judge by the Magistrates (#37); and Dear Heart/Wonderful Wonderful World by Mike Preston (#38).

Nigeria claimed the capture of the Biafran city of Aba in the the Nigerian Civil War.

World events
Congo-Brazzaville President Alphonse Massamba-Debat was ousted again, for failing to "assure peace and national unity," by the military government, following fierce fighting between regular army units and a Cuban-trained militia of 300 men. The rebels reportedly had resisted incorporation of the militia into the army, which had taken over their camp late on August 31. The junta, headed by Captain Marien Ngouabi, named Alfred Raoul as interim President.

Politics and government
Abdul Hamid Bakkush unexpectedly resigned as Prime Minister of Libya, and was succeeded by Foreign Minister Waniis al-Qadhaafi.

A Bulgarian airliner carrying East German tourists to the Black Sea coast crashed near Burgas, Bulgaria, killing 50 of the 89 people on board.

Three soccer fans were killed in a riot when the stand collapsed during a game in Bhangura, East Pakistan.

Winnipeg (1-5) 17 @ Ottawa (4-1) 24

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Hikigane--Masanori Sera & Twist

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

At least two million people were made homeless as the worst floods in living memory hit northern India.

Winnipeg (4-4) 31 @ Saskatchewan (1-7) 29
Edmonton (6-1-1) 28 @ Calgary (3-3-2) 28
Toronto (3-5) 16 @ Hamilton (2-5-1) 19

Richard Crump rushed 103 yards for a touchdown to help the Blue Bombers edge the Roughriders at Taylor Field in Regina. It remains the most recent rushing play of 100 yards or more in the CFL.

The Eskimos rallied from an early 17-0 deficit to take a 28-24 lead, only to have the Stampeders come back to tie them on a beautiful Labour Day at McMahon Stadium. The Eskimo comeback began on the last play of the 1st quarter when rookie Calgary offensive tackle John Malinosky, on his first CFL play, was flagged for holding Edmonton defensive tackle Dave Fennell. Mr. Fennell beat Mr. Malinosky on the play anyway, hit Calgary quarterback John Hufnagel in the back and forced him to fumble, and the ball took a perfect bounce into the hands of Edmonton safety Pete Lavorato, who returned it 52 yards for a touchdown. It was also the first CFL game for Calgary receiver Paul Pearson and Edmonton receiver Brian Fryer, who had joined the Eskimos a few days earler after two years with the Washington Redskins. Rookie Warren Moon saw considerable playing time at quarterback for the Eskimos.

Defensive back Mike Williams, playing his first Canadian Football League game, returned a punt 98 yards for a touchdown the first time he touched the ball, helping the Tiger-Cats defeat the Argonauts at Ivor Wynne Stadium.

Saskatchewan (0-1) 17 @ Alberta (1-0) 32

Marco Cyncar caught 5 passes for 102 yards and scored 13 points to lead the Golden Bears over the Huskies before 400 fans at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Saskatchewan's Jim Manz rushed 38 times for 161 yards.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Doctorin' the TARDIS--Timelords (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: The Twist (Yo, Twist!)--The Fat Boys with Stupid Def Vocals by Chubby Checker (5th week at #1)

Winnipeg (4-5) 19 @ Saskatchewan (5-4) 29

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)--Meat Loaf

#1 single in Italy: All that She Wants--Ace of Base (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): What Is Love?--Haddaway (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Darla dirladada--Les G.O. Cul-ture (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): What's Up?--4 Non Blondes (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Mr. Vain--Culture Beat (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (I Can't Help) Falling in Love With You--UB40 (7th week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40 (6th week at #1)
2 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
3 Whoomp! (There it Is)--Tag Team
4 Runaway Train--Soul Asylum
5 I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)--The Proclaimers
6 If--Janet Jackson
7 Lately--Jodeci
8 If I Had No Loot--Tony Toni Tone
9 Slam--Onyx
10 Right Here/Human Nature--SWV

Singles entering the chart were Reason to Believe by Rod Stewart (#44); Love for Love by Robin S (#57); Something in Your Eyes by Bell Biv Devoe (#60); Hey Mr. D.J. by Zhane (#71); No Rain by Blind Melon (#72); What Might Have Been by Little Texas (#78); Sunday Morning by Earth, Wind and Fire (#81); Delicate by Terence Trent D'Arby (#85); and Soul to Squeeze by Red Hot Chili Peppers (#86).

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Runaway Train--Soul Asylum (2nd week at #1)
2 (I Can't Help) Falling in Love with You--UB40
3 Rain--Madonna
4 I'm Free--Jon Secada
5 Dreamlover--Mariah Carey
6 If--Janet Jackson
7 Will You Be There--Michael Jackson
8 The River of Dreams--Billy Joel
9 I'm Gonna Be (500 Miles)--The Proclaimers
10 I Don't Wanna Fight--Tina Turner

Singles entering the chart were Two Steps Behind by Def Leppard (#64); Family Man by Barney Bentall (#70); I'm in a Philly Mood by Daryl Hall (#82); What is Love by Haddaway (#83); Why Must We Wait Until Tonight by Tina Turner (#84); Rise Again by the Rankin Family (#85); Better than You by Lisa Keith (#87); My Back Pages by Bob Dylan (#89); Nothing 'Bout Me by Sting (#90); I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That) by Meat Loaf (#91); and Hopelessly by Rick Astley (#93).

Died on this date
Hervé Villechaize, 50
. French-born U.S. actor. Mr. Villechaize, a midget, was known for his co-starring role as Tattoo in the television series Fantasy Island (1977-1983), shouting "De plane, boss, de plane!". Despondent over health problems, he shot himself in his Los Angeles home.

British Columbia (7-3) 25 @ Ottawa (2-8) 24

Quarterback Danny Barrett rushed 1 yard for a touchdown in the last minute of regulation time to give the Lions the win over the Rough Riders before 21,567 fans at Lansdowne Park. The winning score came after the Rough Riders had taken the lead 24-19 with less than 1 1/2 minutes remaining on a 1-yard touchdown pass from Tom Burgess to Stephen Jones, but a 2-point convert attempt was unsuccessful.

Jim Abbott pitched a no-hitter for the New York Yankees as they shut out the Cleveland Indians 4-0 before 27,125 fans at Yankee Stadium.

The Kansas City Royals, trailing 2-0, scored 4 runs in the top of the 9th inning and held on to defeat the Boston Red Sox 4-2 before 31,223 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Royals got on the scoreboard when Greg Gagne led off with a double, and Brian McRae followed with a home run, resulting in the removal of relief pitcher Greg Harris.

Jose Rijo allowed 7 hits and 1 run--earned--in 7 innings and drove in 4 runs with a single and double to get the win as the Cincinnati Reds withstood a 4-run 9th-inning rally and defeated the Philadelphia Phillies 6-5 before 31,166 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Cincinnati second baseman Juan Samuel batted 4 for 4 with 2 runs and a run batted in, while Philadelphia right fielder Jim Eisenreich was 4 for 4 with a double and an RBI. The Phillies had runners on first and third bases with 2 out in the 9th, but Kevin Stocker grounded out to first base to end the game.

Pinch hitter Shawon Dunston doubled home Ryne Sandberg to tie the score and Sammy Sosa followed with a single to score Mr. Dunston with the winning run in the bottom of the 8th inning as the Chicago Cubs edged the New York Mets 9-8 before 38,484 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The Mets lost despite hitting 5 home runs--2 each by Bobby Bonilla and Ryan Thompson, and another by Eddie Murray.

Ken Hill allowed 7 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 8 1/3 innings to get the win, doubled home 2 runs and then scored on a home run by Marquis Grissom as the Montreal Expos scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and withstood a 5-run 9th-inning rally to defeat the Houston Astros 7-5 before 22,771 fans at the Astrodome. The Astros had the potential tying run at bat with 2 out in the 9th, but pinch hitter Kevin Bass popped up to end the game.

20 years ago

Larry Page and Sergey Brin founded Google in Menlo Park, California to promote the web search engine that they had developed as Stanford University students.

10 years ago

Politics and government
U.S. Senator John McCain (Arizona) accepted the Republican Party's U.S. presidential nomination at the party's national convention at Xcel Energy Center in St. Paul, Minnesota, while vice presidential nominee Sarah Palin was nominated by voice vote.

Detroit Mayor Kwame Kilpatrick pleaded guilty to obstruction of justice in a sex scandal, forcing the Democrat out of office.

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