Sunday, 16 September 2018

September 15, 2018

1,350 years ago

Died on this date
Constans II, 37
. Emperor of the Byzantine Empire, 641-668. Constans II, the son of Constantine III, ruled with his half-brother Heraklonas before becoming sole Emperor. He attempted to solve church disputes through compromise, and had mixed success in military matters. Constans II was assassinated in his bath by his chamberlain in Syracuse.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Antonio Ascari
. Italian auto racing driver. Mr. Ascari began driving in top-level races in 1919. He won at Cremona in 1924, and won the Italian Grand Prix shortly thereafter. Mr. Ascari won the Belgian Grand Prix in 1925, but was killed in a crash in the Italian Grand Prix on July 26, 1925 at the age of 36. His son Alberto also became a Grand Prix driver, also dying in a crash at the age of 36.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Kid Sheik
. U.S. musician. Kid Sheik, whose real name was George Colar, was a jazz trumpeter from New Orleans who was a longtime performer with the Preservation Hall Jazz Band. He died on November 7, 1996 at the age of 88.

Penny Singleton. U.S. actress. Miss Singleton, born Dorothy McNulty, played Blondie Bumstead in 26 movies from 1938-1950 and in a radio comedy series from 1939-1950. She also provided the voice for Jane Jetson in the animated television series The Jetsons (1962-1963, 1985-1987). Miss Singleton died on November 12, 2003 at the age of 95.

Politics and government
Charles Pelletier was installed as Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, serving until his death on April 29, 1911.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Nipsey Russell
. U.S. comedian and actor. Julius Russell was the straight man for veteran comedian Mantan Moreland in the 1950s before playing a supporting role in the television comedy series Car 54, Where are You? (1961-1963), becoming the first Negro to manage such an achievement. Mr. Russell was best known for his appearances as a panelist on various game shows from the 1960s to the 1990s and as a guest on Dean Martin celebrity roasts in the 1970s. He died of stomach cancer on October 2, 2005, 17 days after his 87th birthday.

Serbian, French, and Greek troops broke through the Bulgarian defenses at Dobro Pole on the Macedonian Front.

90 years ago

A ransom of 20,000 pesos was paid, resulting in the release of American silver mine manager E.J. Bumstead, who had been kidnapped near Ixtlan, Mexico on August 28.

16 people drowned when the steamship Manasso sank in a storm in Georgian Bay in Lake Huron.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Thomas Wolfe, 37
. U.S. author. Mr. Wolfe was known for his novels Look Homeward, Angel (1929); Of Time and the River (1935); and You Can't Go Home Again (1940). He died of pneumonia that developed into tuberculosis, 18 days before his 38th birthday.

Economics and finance
Donald Gordon was appointed Deputy Governor of the Bank of Canada for a seven year term, on resignation of J. A. C. Osborne.

World light heavyweight champion John Henry Lewis (99-10-5) won a 10-round majority decision over Jimmy Adamick (52-3-2) in a heavyweight bout at Convention Hall in Philadelphia.

The Montreal Maroons sold Stew Evans, Cy Wentworth, Jimmy Ward, Bob Gracie, Herbie Cain, and Des Smith to the Montreal Canadiens, and the forward line of Baldy Northcott, Earl Robinson, and Russ Blinco to the Chicago Black Hawks. The Maroons had won the Stanley Cup as recently as 1935, but were now on the verge of folding.

WIFU-U.S. college
Concordia College 7 @ Regina 14

2,500 fans at Park de Young saw the Roughriders defeat the Cobbers, who were from Moorhead, Minnesota, in a game played entirely under American rules.

75 years ago

Cuba began the induction of 1,780 draftees into the Army, the first called under the obligatory military service law. German assaults on Allied positions from Salerno to Agropoli in southern Italy forced U.S. forces to retreat and consolidate. Allied headquarters reported that Japanese forces at Salamaua, New Guinea had been "completely routed" and that only a few isolated units remained in nearby jungles. Allied planes blasted the two remaining usable Japanese airports at Wewak, New Guinea.

The bazooka anti-tank rocket gun was exhibited for the first time by the U.S. Army.

Politics and government
A proclamation from German-controlled "Fascist" radio established a "Republican Fascist Party" regime in Italy, led by Benito Mussolini.

John da Silva Purvis, a Portuguese citizen, was arrested in Newark by U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation agents on charges of acting as a German spy.

Economics and finance
The U.S. War Production Board banned the distillation of alcohol for beverage purposes through the end of 1943 because of additional requirements for industrial alcohol to make synthetic rubber. The U.S. Office of Defense Transportation announced restrictions on the retail delivery of packages by motor truck, now in effect in 12 eastern states, which would be made nationwide, effective October 11, 1943.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt conferred with leaders of four farm organizations, presenting a tentative 1944 food production program calling for increased support prices for farmers.

70 years ago

The Indian Army captured the towns of Jalna, Latur, Mominabad, Surriapet, and Narkatpalli as part of Operation Polo.

Following a three-day conference in Paris, the U.S.A., U.K., U.S.S.R., and France referred their dispute over the disposition of former Italian colonies to the United Nations.

A North American F-86 Sabre, piloted by U.S. Air Force Major Richard L. Johnson, set the world aircraft speed record at 671 miles per hour (1,080 kilometres per hour).

The U.S. National Council of Cathoic Women concluded a five-day convention in New Orleans after urging the Supreme Court to reconsider its ruling against religious education in the public schools, and denouncing the Kinsey sex report as an "insult" to Americans.

The U.S. Justice Department filed an antitrust suit against the Armour, Swift, Dudahy, and Wilson meat packing firms, accusing them of suppressing competition in their business, and demanding that they be split into 14 separate companies.

Montreal (1-3) 12 @ Hamilton (1-3) 13

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno (Best Seller--4th week at #1; Hot 100--4th week at #1)

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Bird Dog--The Everly Brothers (3rd week at #1)
2 It's All in the Game--Tommy Edwards
3 Nel Blu Dipinto di Blu (Volare)--Domenico Modugno
4 Susie Darlin'--Robin Luke
5 It's Only Make Believe--Conway Twitty
6 Little Star--The Elegants
7 King Creole (EP)--Elvis Presley
8 My True Love--Jack Scott
9 The Wizard/Are You Really Mine--Jimmie Rodgers
10 Stupid Cupid--Connie Francis

Singles entering the chart were The Secret by Gordon MacRae (#48); Ten Commandments of Love by Harvey and the Moonglows (#51); Pussycat/No One But You by the Ames Brothers (#55); My Life by Chuck Willis (#56); Many a Time by Steve Lawrence (#57); I Wish by the Platters (#58); Hey Stella by the Crew Cuts (#59); and Up Until Now by Johnnie Ray (#60).

Died on this date
George "Snuffy" Stirnweiss, 39
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Stirnweiss was a second baseman with the New York Yankees (1943-1950); St. Louis Browns (1950); and Cleveland Indians (1951-1952), batting .268 with 29 home runs and 281 runs batted in in 1,028 games. His best years were 1944, when he batted .319--leading the American League in triples (16) and tying for the AL lead in runs (125); hits (205); and stolen bases (55), and 1945, when he led the AL in batting (.309); slugging (.476); runs (107); and hits (195) and tied for the lead in triples (22) and stolen bases (33). Mr. Stirnweiss was a member of World Series championship teams in 1943, 1947, and 1949. He worked in the banking sector after his playing days, and suffered a heart attack in 1957. Mr. Stirnweiss was one of the 48 passengers killed in the wreck of Central Railroad of New Jersey Train #3314.

World events
French Information Minister Jacques Soustelle narrowly escaped assassination when three Algerian terrorists shot at him in his car near the Arc de Triomphe in Paris.

Cécile Langlois, 24, gave birth to a son in Montreal, becoming the first of the Dionne quintuplets to become a mother.

In a brief filed with the U.S. Supreme Court, the Justice Department contended that the offshore boundaries of the five states bordering the Gulf of Mexico should be limited to three miles from their coast lines.

Economics and finance
The Commonwealth Economic Conference was held in Montréal.

48 passengers were killed when three cars of Train #3314 of the Central Railroad of New Jersey drove through signals and fell through an open drawbridge into Newark Bay near Bayonne, New Jersey.

George Chuvalo (15-2-1) knocked James J. Parker (30-7-4) down 3 times and finally out at 2:00 of the 1st round before 12,500 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens in Toronto to win the Canadian heavyweight title, which had been vacant since the retirement of Earl Walls three years earlier. It was Mr. Parker's last fight.

Calgary (4-3) 7 @ Saskatchewan (4-2) 30
Winnipeg (6-2) 19 @ British Columbia (0-8) 8

Frank Tripucka threw touchdown passes to Jack Hill, Mike Hagler, and Ken Carpenter to lead the Roughriders over the Stampeders before 13,012 fans at Taylor Field in Regina. Mr. Carpenter intercepted a Cotton Davidson pass in the 4th quarter and returned it 72 yards for another TD, all of which were converted by Mr. Hill. Harvey Wylie rushed 7 yards for the Calgary touchdown in the 4th quarter, converted by Doug Brown.

John Varone and Charlie Shepard rushed for touchdowns to help the Blue Bombers beat the Lions before 20,453 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. Winnipeg quarterback Jim Van Pelt completed 10 of 13 passes for 188 yards and kicked a convert and 2 field goals. The Lions opened the scoring in the 1st quarter on a 55-yard touchdown pass from George Herring to Jerry Janes, converted by Ted Hunt. Mr. Herring punted for a single in the 4th quarter.

50 years ago

Three earthquakes rocked Jahrum, Iran, injuring dozens of people and trapping them in their homes.

One person was killed and 48 injured in a HemisFair monorail train crash in San Antonio.

Arnold Palmer won the Kemper Open in Sutton, Massachusetts with a total score of 276. First prize money was $30,000.

Toronto (4-3) 23 @ Montreal (3-3) 8
Winnipeg (1-7) 3 @ Saskatchewan (6-2-1) 31

Bill Symons rushed for 138 yards and 2 touchdowns to help the Argonauts defeat the Alouettes before 27,214 fans at Autostade. Toronto quarterback Wally Gabler completed 16 of 25 passes for 237 yards, with Bobby Taylor catching 6 of his passes for 80 yards.

Jason Franci caught 2 touchdown passes, and Alan Ford and George Reed added touchdowns for the Roughriders as they routed the Blue Bombers before 16,136 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Rivers of Babylon--Boney M. (10th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): You're the One that I Want--John Travolta and Olivia Newton-John

Died on this date
Willy Messerschmitt, 80
. German engineer. Mr. Messerschmitt was best known for designing the Messerschmitt Bf 109, the Luftwaffe's leading fighter plane during World War II. He spent two years in prison after the war for using slave labour and collaborating with the Nazis.

Robert Cliche, 57. Canadian politician and judge. Mr. Cliche, a native of Saint-Joseph-de-Beauce, Quebec, led the Quebec New Democratic Party in the mid-1960s, and ran unsuccessfully as an NDP candidate in the federal elections of 1965 and 1968. He was appointed a judge of the Provincial Court of Quebec in 1972, and from 1974-1975 chaired the Royal Commission investigating the exercise of trade-union freedom in Quebec's construction industry. Mr. Cliche died in Quebec City.

Jean-Luc Lafrenière, 11. Canadian accident victim. Master Lafrenière became the first school patrol officer in Canada to die in the line of duty when he was killed by a car in Ottawa.

Nicaraguan troops began rocket attacks against Sandanista Liberation Front strongholds in Leon, the country's second-largest city.

Astrid Proll, one of the most wanted members of the West German Baader-Meinhof gang, was detained in London.

U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation agent Joseph Stabile was indicted in New York for lying to a grand jury in Brooklyn about a bribe he allegedly received from a member of the Mafia. He was charged with having lied about $10,000 he had received from John Caputo, reputedly a member of the Luchese family of the Mafia, to have gambling charges against him dismissed.

Syncrude Canada officially opened its 50,000-barrels-per-day Mildred Lake plan at Fort McMurray, Alberta, after five years of construction; it was then the world's largest oilsands production facility.

International Nickel Company workers in Sudbury, Ontario started a long and bitter strike (locally referred to as the Sudbury Strike of 1978); the strike ended on June 7, 1979 and had a catastrophic effect on the city's economy, but also spurred new economic development efforts.

Muhammad Ali (56-3) became the first man to win the world heavyweight title on three separate occasions when he took the World Boxing Association title with a 15-round unanimous decision before 63,350 fans at Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans over Leon Spinks (7-1-1), who had taken the title from him on a split decision exactly seven months earlier. It turned out to be the last win of Mr. Ali's career.

Alberta (1-1) 7 @ Calgary (3-0) 30

Darrell Moir rushed for a touchdown and passed 18 yards to Grant Newell for another, while Harry Kruger returned a punt 46 yards for a TD to help the Dinosaurs beat the Golden Bears at McMahon Stadium. The only Alberta score came with 9 seconds remaining in the 1st half on a 23-yard touchdown pass from Dan McDermid to Marco Cyncar, converted by Mr. Cyncar.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Im Nin'alu--Ofra Haza

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): The Loco-Motion--Kylie Minogue (4th week at #1)

Edmonton's top 10 (CKRA)
1 Make Me Lose Control--Eric Carmen
2 Don't Worry Be Happy--Bobby McFerrin
3 Perfect World--Huey Lewis and the News
4 Monkey--George Michael
5 I'll Always Love You--Taylor Dayne
6 Fast Car--Tracy Chapman
7 Better Be Home Soon--Crowded House
8 If it Isn't Love--New Edition
9 Nobody's Fool--Kenny Loggins
10 It Would Take a Miracle--Rick Astley

25 years ago

A battle group of the 2nd Battalion, Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry Canadian, faced heavy mortar and artillery barrages from Croatian forces in the Battle of Medak Pocket in Croatia. Lieutenant Colonel James Calvin and his force countered with defensive fire in order to protect Serbian civilians and themselves.

Politics and government
Liechtenstein's Prince Hans-Adam II disbanded the country's Parliament.

Canada and Australia announced plans to operate joint embassies where feasible; Canadian embassies in the Caribbean, where Australian presence was minimal, were the first slated to be shared.

The remaining provinces and territories followed the lead of Nova Scotia and Quebec, announcing a compensation plan for people who had contracted AIDS through tainted blood products before officials had started screening blood for the AIDS virus. The federal government planned to hold an inquiry on reform of the blood system.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Louis Rasminsky, 90
. Canadian economist. Mr. Rasminsky, a native of Montreal, joined the Bank of Canada in 1940, and served as Governor of the Bank of Canada from 1961-1973. He was Canada's executive director at the International Monetary Fund from 1946-1962, and was also executive director at the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development from 1950-1962.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Rick Wright, 65
. U.K. musician. Mr. Wright, a keyboardist, was a founding member of the rock group Pink Floyd, and played on most of the band's recordings. He died of cancer.

Elton John performed at Credit Union Centre in Saskatoon, and dedicated his performance of the song Believe to Rick Wright.

The global financial services firm Lehman Brothers filed for bankruptcy while holding over $600 billion in assets, the largest such filing in U.S. history.

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