Saturday, 22 September 2018

September 21, 2018

460 years ago

Died on this date
Charles V, 58
. Holy Roman Emperor, 1519-1556. Charles V, the son of King Philip I of Castile and grandson of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, held various other titles, and succeeded his grandfather as Holy Roman Emperor. He defended the Holy Roman Empire against the Protestant Reformation and expansion of the Ottoman Empire, and waged war for about 35 years. Facing the prospect of an alliance of all his enemies, Charles V abdicated some of his titles, and finally abdicated as Holy Roman Emperor in favour of his younger brother Ferdinand I. Charles V retired to a monastery, and died of malaria.

375 years ago

Died on this date
Hong Taiji, 50
. Emperor of China, 1626-1643. Hong Taiji was Khan of the Later Jin dynasty from 1626-1636, and succeeded his father Nurhaci as Emperor of the Qing dynasty in 1636. He expanded the state into Manchuria and Mongolia. Hong Taiji died without naming an heir; eventually his 5-year-old son Fulin was named as Emperor, with Hong Taiji's half-brother Dorgon as prince regent.

275 years ago

Died on this date
Jai Singh II, 54
. King of Amber, 1699-1743. Jai Singh II acceded to the throne of Amber--later called Jaipur--upon the death of his father Maharaja Bishan Singh on December 31, 1699. He was skilled in warfare, and built five astronomical observatories, built the city of Jaipur and revived the practice of Hindu ceremonies. Jai Singh II was succeeded as King by his son Ishwari Singh.

220 years ago

Died on this date
George Read, 65
. U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Read, a Federalist, represented Delaware in the Continental Congress (1774-1777); was President of Delaware (1777-1778); represented Delaware in the United States Senate (1789-1793); and was Chief Justice of Delaware from 1793 until his death, three days after his 65th birthday.

175 years ago

World events
John Williams Wilson took possession of the Strait of Magellan on behalf of the newly independent Chilean government.

125 years ago

Politics and government
The Honourable John Boyd of Saint John was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick.

Pierre-Amand Landry of Dorchester became the first Acadian to be appointed to the Supreme Court of New Brunswick. He quickly gained respect for his attention to detail, and concern in treating both English and French linguistic communities fairly.

120 years ago

World events
Empress Dowager Cixi seized power and ends the Hundred Days' Reform in China.

100 years ago

Born on this date
John Gofman
. U.S. scientist. Dr. Gofman was known as the "Father of Clinical Lipidology," and led a team that demonstrated the role of lipoproteins in the causation of heart disease. He did research in nuclear physics and chemistry, and warned of the dangers of low-level radiation and nuclear power. Dr. Gofman died on August 15, 2007 at the age of 88.

Karl Slover. Austro-Hungarian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Slover, born Karl Kosiczky, was a dwarf who moved to Berlin and then the United States, performing in travelling shows. He was best known as one of the Munchkins in the movie The Wizard of Oz (1939). Mr. Slover died on November 15, 2011 at the age of 93.

Blinded war veteran Harris Turner of Saskatoon published the first issue of Turner's Weekly.

Canada's Post Office introduced the first government airmail stamp, a five penny brown.

90 years ago

Politics and government
Voting in the Swedish general election concluded. The Social Democratic Party, led by Per Albin Hansson, remained the party with the largest representation in the Second Chamber of the Riksdag, winning 90 of 230 seats, a decline of 14 from the most recent election in 1924. The Electoral League, led by Arvid Lindman, increased from 65 to 73 seats, and Mr. Lindman became Prime Minister, replacing Free-minded National Association leader Carl Gustaf Ekman, whose party had dropped from 29 to 28 seats.

Testifying in the U.S. federal court in Albany, New York in the baseball pool case, an employee swore that he had inserted 1,200 "dummy plays" per week along with the regular plays of customers in the pool.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Ormond Beach, 27
. U.S.-born Canadian football player. Mr. Beach, a native of Oklahoma, played at the University of Kansas and then joined the Sarnia Imperials of the Ontario Rugby Football Union, playing flying wing and linebacker from 1934-1937. He was an ORFU All-Star in all four seasons, won the Imperial Oil Trophy as the ORFU's Most Valuable Player in 1937, and helped the Imperials win ORFU championships in all four years and Grey Cup championships in 1934 and 1936. Mr. Beach worked for Imperial Oil in Sarnia during the off-season, and was killed in an explosion shortly before the start of the football season. He was inducted into the Canadian Football Hall of Fame in 1963.

The Great Hurricane of 1938 made landfall on Long Island in New York. The death toll was estimated at 500-700 people.

75 years ago

Crossing the Desna River for the first time in five days, Soviet troops pulled to within 78 miles of Kiev, thus freeing about half of the 580,000 square miles the Germans had taken since their 1941 invasion. German forces fleeing Naples set the city afire.

The German Army began the Massacre of the Acqui Division on the Greek island of Cephalonia, executing 5,155 Italian soldiers by 26 September.

L'Université Laval's Institute of Social Research at the School of Social Sciences--the first of its kind in Québec--was founded, with Father Georges-Henri Lévesque as Dean.

Economics and finance
Mexican President Manuel Avila Camacho issued a decree freezing prices of basic foodstuffs including corn, meat, sugar, beans, and milk.

70 years ago

The United Nations General Assembly began its third annual session at Palais de Chaillot in Paris, electing Australian Foreign Affairs Minister Herbert Evatt as president.

Arab League leaders rejected the Bernadotte plan for Palestine, claiming that they would never recognize the country's partition. U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall announced U.S. support for the plan.

The United Kingdom suspended commercial work in the royal dockyards in order to begin refitting 100 warships for service by April 1949.

Stanford University announced the development of an X-ray microscope able to penetrate hard body structures and examine live specimens.

European champion Marcel Cerdan (108-3) won the National Boxing Association world middleweight title when defending champion Tony Zale (67-18-2) didn't come out for the 12th round at Roosevelt Stadium in Jersey City, New Jersey.

60 years ago

Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru met with the Maharajah of Bhutan in an effort to persuade Bhutan to join Nepal and Sikkim in a common defense network led by India.

World events
Beirut was placed under a 24-hour curfew in order to curtail renewed clashes between Christian and Muslim factions.

Politics and government
The Iraqi government announced the creation of a new military agency to censor all books and pamphlets published in the country.

The New York City Commission on Intergroup Relations announced that 14 city and Long Island newspapers had voluntarily agreed to reject real estate advertisements identifying property as "interracial." The commission said that the term acutally meant "for Negroes only," and helped preserve and develop segregated housing.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in France: Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Azzurro--Adriano Celentano (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Help Yourself--Tom Jones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Hey Jude--The Beatles

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles (2nd week at #1)
2 Rain and Tears--Aphrodite's Child
3 Those were the Days--Mary Hopkin
--Sandie Shaw
4 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
5 Dong-Dong-Di-Ki-Di-Gi-Dong--Golden Earrings
6 Ich Bau' Dir Ein Schloss--Heintje
7 Don't You Cry for a Girl--The Shoes
8 Times were When--The Cats
9 Fire--The Crazy World of Arthur Brown
10 I Say a Little Prayer--Aretha Franklin

Singles entering the chart were Street Fighting Man by the Rolling Stones (#13); Only One Woman by the Marbles (#37); This Rose in My Hand by the Tee Set (#39); and King Croesus by World of Oz (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Hey Jude--The Beatles
2 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
3 People Got to Be Free--The Rascals
4 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
5 Hush--Deep Purple
6 Light My Fire--Jose Feliciano
7 You're All I Need to Get By--Marvin Gaye & Tammi Terrell
8 The Fool on the Hill--Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66
9 The House that Jack Built--Aretha Franklin
10 Born to Be Wild--Steppenwolf

Singles entering the chart were I Found a True Love by Wilson Pickett (#58); Sweet Blindness by the 5th Dimension (#66); Elenore by the Turtles (#68); Sweet Young Thing Like You by Ray Charles (#72); Chained by Marvin Gaye (#73); I've Got Dreams to Remember by Otis Redding (#82); Suzie Q (Part One) by Creedence Clearwater Revival (#83); Cycles by Frank Sinatra (#91); I Ain't Got to Love Nobody Else by the Masqueraders (#92); Hole in My Pocket by the Barry Goldberg Reunion (#93); Hold Me Tight by Johnny Nash (#94); Those were the Days by Mary Hopkin (#98); and Smell of Incense by Southwest F.O.B. (#100). Cycles was the other side of My Way of Life, charting at #60.

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Revolution--The Beatles
2 I've Gotta Get a Message to You--The Bee Gees
3 1,2,3, Red Light--1910 Fruitgum Company
4 On the Road Again--Canned Heat
5 Harper Valley P.T.A.--Jeannie C. Riley
6 Magic Bus--The Who
7 Happy Feeling--The Happy Feeling
8 Do it Again--The Beach Boys
9 Sunshine of Your Love--Cream
10 Hello, I Love You--The Doors
Pick hit of the week: Let's Get Together--Bobby Gimby

Died on this date
Charles Jackson, 65
. U.S. author. Mr. Jackson was best known for his first novel, The Lost Weekend (1944), which was adapted into an Academy Award-winning movie a year later. He suffered from tuberculosis, was a heavy smoker, and struggled with drinking and drug use. Mr. Jackson had reportedly resumed drinking when he died of barbiturate poisoning in what was ruled a suicide.

The U.S.S.R. lunar probe Zond 5 splashed down in the Indian Ocean and was recovered by U.S.S.R. recovery vessels Borovichy and Vasiliy Golovi, a week after launch.

Calgary (7-3) 27 @ Ottawa (4-3-1) 24

British Columbia 0 @ Alberta (3-0) 22

Ludwig Daubner rushed 13 times for 93 yards and a touchdown, and Bill Jenner rushed 13 times for 77 yards and caught a 32-yard touchdown pass from backup quarterback Dan McCaffery to help the Golden Bears shut out the Thunderbirds at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton. Starting quarterback Terry Lampert scored the other touchdown. Dave Benbow converted all 3 TDs, and Gil Mather scored the other point when he fielded a UBC punt on the last play of the 1st half and kicked it back into the B.C. end zone for a single. The Thunderbirds appeared to have scored on the 2nd half kickoff when Mr. Smith returned it 92 yards for a touchdown, but it was called back on a clipping penalty. UBC's Dick Stein attempted a 42-yard field goal in the 1st quarter, but his kick was wide and run out of the Alberta end zone.

Houston (1-0-1) 20 @ Texas (0-0-1) 20

Texas head coach Darrell Royal unveiled a new backfield formation called the wishbone against the Cougars at Memorial Stadium in Austin. Halfbacks lined up farther from the line of scrimmage than the fullback, creating the appearance of a wishbone. The Longhorns won two national titles with it in 1969 and 1970, and the formation permanently changed college football.

40 years ago

On television tonight
Family, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Starting Over

This was the first episode of the season.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): The Only Way is Up--Yazz and the Plastic Population

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that consumer prices had risen 0.4% in August.

25 years ago

Politics and government
Russian President Boris Yeltsin suspended parliament and scrapped the then-functioning constitution and called elections for mid-December, accusing the opposition of blocking his reforms and ability to govern. The Supreme Soviet voted to depose Mr. Yeltsin and swore in Vice-President Aleksandr Rutskoi as acting President. U.S. President Bill Clinton supported Mr. Yeltsin. Mr. Yeltsin had recently suspended Mr. Rutskoi after charges of corruption had surfaced, but the parliament had refused to accept the suspension and had asked the constitutional court to overturn the decree.

The Ukrainian parliament accepted the resignations of Prime Minister Leonid Kuchma and his entire cabinet. Mr. Kuchma had offered to resign twice before, saying that conservtive forces in the government were preventing him from bringing about any economic reform.

Five provincial by-elections in Manitoba reduced Premier Gary Filmon's Progressive Conservative government to a one-seat majority.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Florence Griffith-Joyner, 38
. U.S. athlete. "Flo-Jo" won silver medals in the women's 200-metre run in the Summer Olympic Games in 1984 in Los Angeles, and gold medals in the 100-metre, 200-metre, 4 x 100-metre events, and a silver medal in the 4 x 400-metre relay. Her best times in the 100-metre and 200-metre runs still stand as world records. She died in her sleep of an epileptic seizure.

U.S. President Bill Clinton's testimony about his relationship with White House intern Monica Lewinsky was released to the public.

10 years ago

Edmonton (7-5) 4 @ Montreal (8-4) 40

Anthony Calvillo threw touchdown passes to Jamel Richardson and Kerry Watkins, and handed off to Mike Imoh for two short touchdown runs as the Alouettes embarrassed the Eskimos before a capacity crowd of 20,202 fans at Molson Stadium. The Alouettes passed for 414 yards and amassed 570 yards net offense. The Eskimos fumbled 5 times and lost them all.

Javier Molina batted 3 for 4 with a home run, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in, and Johnny Damon added a 3-run homer to help the New York Yankees beat the Baltimore Orioles 7-3 before 54,610 fans in the last game ever played at the original Yankee Stadium. Mr. Molina's 2-run blast in the 4th inning was the last homer in the stadium. Andy Pettitte allowed 7 hits and 3 runs--2 earned-- in 5+ innings, but was the winning pitcher.

Daisuke Matsuzaka allowed 2 hits in 7 innings and David Ortiz hit a 2-run home run to help the Boston Red Sox shut out the Toronto Blue Jays 3-0 before 38,814 fans at Rogers Centre in Toronto. Mr. Matsuzaka improved his 2008 record to 18-2. Boston center fielder Jacoby Ellsbury hit a single, double, and triple, and scored the winning run when he led off the game with a triple and scored on a sacrifice fly by Dustin Pedroia.

John Danks allowed 4 hits in 7 innings and Paul Konerko hit a 2-run home run as the Chicago White Sox shut out the Kansas City Royals 3-0 before 16,920 fans at Kauffman Stadium in Kansas City. Chicago catcher Toby Hall batted 1 for 3 and made 2 putouts in the 686th and last game of his 9-year major league career.

The Atlanta Braves scored a run in the bottom of the 7th inning and 4 in the 8th, withstanding a 2-run 9th-inning rally as they outlasted the New York Mets 7-6 before 49,222 fans at Turner Field in Atlanta. New York first baseman Carlos Delgado batted 4 for 5 with a double, 2 runs, and 3 runs batted in and hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the 9th, but Carlos Beltran and Damion Easley struck out to end the game.

The Arizona Diamondbacks scored 5 runs in the top of the 1st inning and went on to a 13-4 win over the Colorado Rockies before 32,915 fans at Coors Field in Denver. Arizona center fielder Chris Young hit a single, triple, and home run, with 4 runs and 4 runs batted in, while left fielder Conor Jackson was 4 for 6 with a double, 2 runs, and an RBI.

Rich Aurilia singled home pinch runner Brad Hennessey with 2 out in the top of the 11th inning to break a 0-0 tie as the San Francisco Giants edged the Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0 before 55,294 fans at Dodger Stadium.

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