Tuesday, 2 April 2019

April 3, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Evgeniya!

460 years ago

The Peace of Cateau-Cambrésis treaty was signed, ending the Italian Wars.

170 years ago

The University Bill secularized higher education in Canada West and led to the renaming of King's College, founded by Anglican Bishop Rev. John Strachan in 1827, as the University of Toronto. Bishop Strachan, anticipating the act, founded a new Anglican institution, Trinity College, now a federated college of the U of T.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Grigoraș Dinicu
. Romanian musician and composer. Mr. Dinicu was a violin virtuoso of Roma ancestry, whose career spanned more than 40 years. He wrote mainly for violin and piano, with his violin piece Hora Staccato (1906) being his most popular work. Mr. Dinicu died of laryngeal cancer on March 28, 1949, six days before his 60th birthday.

100 years ago

Born on this date
. French-born Canadian actress, singer, and impresario. Clairette, born Claire Oddera, performed on stage and in radio and films in France before emigrating to Quebec in 1956. She continued to perform, but was better known for operating the Chez Clairette nightclub in Montreal, which served as a venue for up-and-coming artists, including Robert Charlebois. Clairette died on October 28, 2008 at the age of 89.

Larry Shepard. U.S. baseball pitcher, coach, and manager. Mr. Shepard, a native of Lakewood, Ohio who lived in Montreal for several years and attended McGill University, played 13 seasons in the minor leagues from 1941-1958, compiling a record of 179-84 in 418 games. With the Medford Nuggets of the Class D Far West League (1948) and Billings Mustangs of the Class C Pioneer League (1949-1951), he was a combined 89-26, leading his leagues in wins and winning percentage from 1948-1950, and leading the Pioneer League with a 2.54 earned run average in 1950. Beginning in 1948, Mr. Shepard added managing to his pitching duties, and continued as a manager in the minor leagues after his playing career ended. He worked his way up through the farm systems of the Brooklyn Dodgers (1948-1951) and Pittsburgh Pirates (1952-1966), winning pennants in 1956 and 1959. Mr. Shepard was the pitching coach with the Philadelphia Phillies in 1967, then returned to Pittsburgh as manager of the Pirates in 1968-1969. The Pirates were sixth in the National League in 1968 with a record of 80-82, and were third in the NL's East Division in 1969 with a record of 84-73 when Mr. Shepard was fired with just five games remaining in the season. He was soon hired by Cincinnati Reds' manager Sparky Anderson as the Reds' pitching coach, and remained with the Reds for nine seasons, helping the team win four NL pennants and World Series championships in 1975 and 1976. Mr. Shepard ended his career in professional baseball as the pitching coach of the San Francisco Giants in 1979. He died on April 5, 2011, two days after his 92nd birthday.

Ervin Drake. U.S. songwriter. Mr. Drake, born Ervin Druckman, was the younger brother of songwriter Milton Drake. Ervin wrote in various genres, but was best known for writing the pop ballads I Believe (1953) and It was a Very Good Year (1961) and the jazz ballad Good Morning Heartache (1946). He died of bladder cancer on January 15, 2015 at the age of 95.

90 years ago

The Hudson Bay Railway was completed to Churchill, Manitoba on Hudson Bay.

75 years ago

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Fingerprints that Couldn't Lie

Royal Canadian Air Force Lieutenant Commander Roy Baker Falkner led an audacious low-level dive-bombing attack against the German battleship Tirpitz in a Norwegian fjord; 14 dive-bombing hits crippled the ship and prevented Tirpitz from posing a major threat in the forthcoming invasion of Normandy by the allies in June 1944. U.S. Army forces completed the occupation of 10 more atolls in the Marshall Islands. Japanese forces cut the main road supplying Imphal in the Indian state of Manipur. The Soviet drive across the Prut River into Romania established two bridgeheads: one at Carpiti and the other beween Dangeni and Saveni.

Politics and government
Emmanouil Tsouderos announced his resignation as Prime Minister of the Greek government-in-exile after a cabinet meeting in Cairo, and suggested to King George II, who was now in London, that Sofoklis Venizelos be named as his successor.

The U.S. Supreme Court ruled 8-1 that Negroes could not be barred from voting in the Texas Democratic Party primaries on the grounds of race, and repudiated the contention that political parties were private associations free of constitutional regulation. Applying equally to other states with "white primaries," the decision held that discrimination against Negroes by a political party violated the 15th Amendment to the United States Constitution and that political parties functioned as state agencies in primary elections.

70 years ago

Israel and Transjordan signed an armistice in Rhodes covering Jerusalem and most of Palestine. The agreement allowed continued division of Jerusalem between Jews and Arabs, and Transjordanian occupation of central Palestine.

World events
Costa Rican Defense Minister Edgar Cardaona Quiros surrendered to government forces following an unsuccessful attempt to seize power.

Ford Motor Company reduced prices on its new model cars by $12-$120.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Side Saddle--Russ Conway (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
The Italian Monarchist and Popular Monarchist Parties agreed to reunify the Italian monarchist movement, split since 1954.

The U.S. administration of President Dwight D. Eisenhower created a special study committee of government officials to determine whether the Atomic Energy Commission or the Public Health Service should be responsible for the U.S. atomic radiation and fallout protection programs.

A U.S. federal court in New York convicted Vito Genovese, alleged head of a multi-million dollar narcotics ring, of conspiracy to violate federal narcotics laws.

Nightclub entertainer Christine Jorgensen, who had been known as George Jorgensen before undergoing a sex change operation in 1952, was refused a marriage license in New York.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Fox on the Run--Manfred Mann

On television tonight
Dragnet 1969, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Juvenile: DR-35

United States Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announced that the United States would start to "Vietnamize" the war effort. 312 Americans had been killed in Vietnam in the previous week, bringing the total to 33,641--12 more than in the Korean War. The Vietnam War had now become the third costliest war ever fought by the United States.

Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau said that his government would begin a "planned and phased reduction" of its North Atlantic Treaty Organization forces at the end of the year.

Politics and government
Alexander Dubcek, the liberalizing Czechoslovak Communist party leader, went on nationwide television to warn that new demonstrations could provoke Soviet repression. Mr. Dubcek said that this week's tightening of press censorship was necessary to "prevent a return of the August crisis"--the previous year's Soviet invasion.

Economics and finance
The Federal Reserve Board in the United States, in "a further move against inflation," raised both its discount rate and the reserves required of the nation's banks. The discount rate was raised from 5.5% to 6% (the highest rate in 40 years) and reserve requirements from 16.5% to 17% on net demand deposits of less than $5 million. On checking account-type deposits of more than $5 billion, the reserve requirement was raised from 17% to 17.5%.

7,000 Illinois National Guardsmen were patrolling the streets of Chicago after violence erupted in Negro neighbourhoods on the eve of the first anniversary of the assassination of Martin Luther King. Mayor Richard Daley imposed a curfew for anyone under 21 years of age.

Pope Paul VI said in a Maundy Thursday sermon that the Roman Catholic Church was the victim of "a practically schismatic ferment."

53 people were killed when a Polish airliner crashed on a mountain peak near the Czech border.

Stanley Cup
New York 2 @ Montreal 5 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Toronto 0 @ Boston 7 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Philadelphia 0 @ St. Louis 5 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 2-0)
Los Angeles 2 @ Oakland 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)

Johnny Bucyk scored the first 2 goals of the game and Gerry Cheevers made 22 saves for his second straight shutout as the Bruins routed the Maple Leafs for the second straight night, outscoring Toronto 17-0 in the first 2 games.

Bill McCreary scored the winning goal on a powerplay just 41 seconds into the game and Jacques Plante stopped 21 shots for the shutout in goal as the Blues blanked the Flyers at St. Louis Arena.

40 years ago

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin announced in Cairo that the Egypt-Israel border would be reopened after the Sinai capital of El Arish was returned to Egyptian control on May 26.

Politics and government
Jane Byrne received 82% of the vote to become the first woman to be elected Mayor of Chicago.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

U.S. President George Bush and Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak met in Washington, and Mr. Bush declared that the two countries "share the goals of security for Israel, the end of the occupation, and achievement of Palestinian political rights."

Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev flew from Ireland to Cuba, where he met with dictator Fidel Castro. Mr. Castro had publicly opposed Mr. Gorbachev's economic and social reforms in the U.S.S.R., but had scaled back his criticisms, since Cuba depended heavily on economic aid from the Soviet Union.

The U.S. Supreme Court, in Mississippi Choctaw Band v. Holyfield, upheld the jurisdictional rights of tribal courts under the Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978.

Men's Championship
Final @ Kingdome, Seattle
Michigan 80 Seton Hall 79 (OT)

Rumeal Robinson's 2 free throws with 3 seconds remaining in overtime provided the winning margin for the Wolverines as they edged the Pirates, but teammate Glen Rice was the star, with 31 points and 11 rebounds. John Morton of Seton Hall led all scorers in the game with 35 points.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand: Gangsta Lean--DRS (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): All for Love--Bryan Adams, Rod Stewart and Sting (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: It's Alright--East 17

#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Everything Changes--Take That

Died on this date
Frank Wells, 62
. U.S. entertainment executive. Mr. Wells served with Warmer Brothers as president (1973-1977) and vice chairman (1977-1982), and was president of the Walt Disney Company from 1984 until his death in a helicopter crash returning from a ski trip in Nevada's Ruby Mountains. Of the five people aboard, one survived.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Geoffrey Walsh, 89
. Canadian military officer. Lieutenant General Walsh served with the Canadian Army in World War II, and rose up the ranks to become Chief of the General Staff (1961-1964). He was the last person to hold the position, as it was eliminated in 1964 as part of the reorganization of Canada's military which culminated in the unification of the various branches into the Canadian Armed Forces in 1968.

Lionel Bart, 68. U.K. songwriter and composer. Mr. Bart, born Lionel Begleiter, who has been called "the father of the modern British musical," was best known for writing the book, music, and lyrics for Oliver! (1960). He also wrote the theme for the James Bond movie From Russia with Love (1963), and some of Britain's early rock and roll songs, including Living Doll (1959), a major hit for Cliff Richard. Heavy drinking and drug use contributed to a physical and musical decline in Mr. Bart's later years, and he died of liver cancer.

In their first attack on the Yugoslav capital of Belgrade, NATO forces struck the Yugoslav and Serbian interior ministry buildings.

Toronto 5 Calgary 1

10 years ago

Died on this date
John King, 55
. U.S. musician. Mr. King adapted classical music for the ukulele, and was perhaps the world's only classical ukulele virtuoso. He died of a heart attack.

The Iowa Supreme Court legalized sodomite/lesbian "marriage."

Jiverly Antares Won, a Vietnamese immigrant, opened fire at the American Civic Association immigration center in Binghamton, New York, killing 13 and wounding 4 before taking his own life.

Politics and government
Tsawwassen First Nation in British Columbia implemented its Final Agreement, and became self-governing. The existing Indian Act government was transitioned, and the first election of the new Legislature was called. The first urban treaty negotiated in B.C. came after a five-year transition period.

The Canadian government joined the United States in a plan to bail out the bankrupt Chrysler Corporation, as the company tried to restructure and pull together an alliance with Italian automaker Fiat.

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