Saturday, 27 April 2019

April 26, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lynn Weiss!

1,520 years ago

Died on this date
Xiaowen, 31
. Emperor of Northern Wei, 471-499. Xiaowen, born Tuoba Hong, was only 13 years younger than his father Emperor Xianwen, who abdicated in 471 and handed the throne to his 4-year-old son, while the actual power was wielded by Grand Empress Dowager Feng, who died in 490. Emperor Xiaowen pursued a policy of sinicization that caused problems and led to plots against him, which he succeeded in suppressing. Emperor Xiaowen died after two years of declining health, and was succeeded on the throne by his son Xuanwu.

700 years ago

Born on this date
Jean II
. King of France, 1350-1364. Jean II, nicknamed "John the Good," was a monarch of the House of Valois, who was captured by the English during the Battle of Poitiers in 1356 and was held prisoner in London until 1360, when he was freed in an exchange of hostages, who included his son Louis. When Louis escaped in 1363, Jean thought the action dishonourable, and voluntarily returned to England, where he soon took ill and died on April 8, 1364, 18 days before his 45th birthday.

225 years ago

British and Austrian forces commanded by the Duke of York defeated French forces commanded by René-Bernard Chapuy in the Battle of Beaumont in France.

200 years ago

Upper Canada established the Negro settlement of Oro Township, northeast of Barrie, for Negro loyalists, former slaves, and War of 1812 veterans of Captain Runchey's Company for Coloured Men, which had fought at Stoney Creek, Queenston Heights, Lundy's Lane and St. Davids.

The Independent Order of Odd Fellows, which later became one of the worlds largest fraternal orders, was founded in Baltimore by Thomas Wildey and four other men.

150 years ago

Economics and finance
William Mulock and three partners decided to apply for a charter for the Dominion Bank; it was issued later that year, and provided for an authorized capital of $1 million, with $400,000 to be paid up. Business began on February 1, 1871, in temporary premises above a paint store, at 40 King Street East in Toronto.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Ludwig Wittgenstein
. Austro-Hungarian-born U.K. philosopher. Dr. Wittgenstein worked primarily in logic, and the philosophies of mathematics, mind, and language. He was a a contemporary of Bertrand Russell and Karl Popper, and taught at the University of Cambridge from 1939-1947. Dr. Wittgenstein died on April 29, 1951, three days after his 62nd birthday. His book Philosophical Investigations, considered a classic in the field, was published in 1953.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Rudolf Hess
. German politician. Mr. Hess was Adolf Hitler's deputy in the Nazi regime in the 1930s and early 1940s. He was captured in Scotland in 1941 after flying solo on an apparent attempt at a peace mission. Tried at Nuremberg after World War II, he was sentenced to life in Spandau Prison in Berlin. The Soviets always refused permission for Mr. Hess to be released, and he was the prison's only inmate for the last 30 years of his life, which ended when he reportedly committed suicide on August 17, 1987 at the age of 93.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Oscar Rabin
. Latvian-born U.K. musician. Mr. Rabin moved to England with his family when he was a child. He was a jazz bass saxophonist who in the 1920s formed and led the Oscar Rabin Band, a British dance band that continued after Mr. Rabin's death on June 20, 1958 at the age of 59.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Marianne Hoppe
. German actress. Miss Hoppe was a leading lady in plays and films in Germany in a career spanning more than 60 years from the 1920s through the 1980s. She died on October 23, 2002 at the age of 93.

Died on this date
Mike "Doc" Powers, 38 or 39
. U.S. baseball player. Dr. Powers, a licensed physician, was a catcher with the Louisville Colonels (1898-1899); Washington Senators (1899); Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1905, 1905-1909); and New York Highlanders (1905), batting .216 with 4 home runs and 199 runs batted in in 647 games. He was injured on April 12, 1909 during the first major league game ever played in Philadelphia's Shibe Park, when he ran into a wall chasing a popup, and suffered an intestinal injury. He was operated on the next day, but failed to recover, and became the first major league player to die from the results of an on-field injury.

Saint John, New Brunswick Magistrate Ritchie ruled that electricity was indeed a commodity. Charles Kerr of the Bijou Moving Picture Theatre was found guilty of stealing electricity by tapping into the Saint John Railway Company.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Violette Morris, 51
. French athlete. Miss Morris excelled at various sports, particularly the shot put and javelin. She won the gold medal in both events at the 1921 Women's World Games; in the 1922 Women's World Games she won another gold medal in the shot put, and the silver medal in the javelin. Miss Morris became a spy for Nazi Germany in 1936, and continued through World War II. She was assassinated in an ambush by French Resistance forces.

British planes sank three German convoy ships off Norway. Canadian warships sank a German destroyer off France. German General Heinrich Kreipe was abducted by Allied commandos from occupied Crete. Soviet forces sank five German transport ships off Sevastopol. Chinese and American forces in northern Burma made a six-mile advance through the Mogaung Valley to a point 10 miles from Kamaing.

Archbishop of York Cyril Garbett defended British policy in India and Palestine, indicating that without previous Hindu-Muslim agreement, independence for India would be meaningless. He said that the 1917 Balfour Declaration mandating Palestine as a Jewish homeland did not intend for all of Palestine to be a Jewish home.

U.S. Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson said that U.S. Army Lieutenant General George Patton's April 15 statement that the U.S.A. and U.K. were destined to rule the world "represents Patton's personal views" and not that of the War Department.

Politics and government
Georgios Papandreou became Prime Minister of the Greek government-in-exile based in Cairo.

U.S. Army service forces chief Lieutenant General Brehon Somervell said that unity of command of U.S. armed forces should begin now.

U.S. Army troops took possession of the Chicago plant of Montgomery Ward, which had rejected President Franklin D. Roosevelt's order to recognize a Congress of Industrial Organizations union. Montgomery Ward board chairman Sewell Avery was carried out of his office by U.S. soldiers.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: A Night at an Inn, starring Boris Karloff, Anthony Ross, and Jack Manning

Chinese Communist forces occupied the rail junction of Soochow in their drive on Shanghai. U.S. and U.K. ships based in the city's harbour left their berths to avoid entrapment by the Communists.

U.S. Navy Secretary John Sullivan resigned in protest against Defense Secretary Louis Johnson's cancellation of plans to complete the proposed "supercarrier" USS United States.

Transjordan's name was officially changed to Jordan, reflecting incorporation of the Arab areas of central Palestine.

World events
The Council of States in the U.S. zone of Germany passed a law compensating Nazi victims for losses suffered through confiscation of property or expulsion from professions.

A U.S. federal grand jury in New York investigating subversive activities issued a report charging that current public inquiries were alerting offenders, and recommending secret inquiries and elimination of the statute of limitations for espionage.

William Barris and Richard Reidel landed their twin-engine Sunkist Lady in Fullerton, California after setting a world flight endurance record of 1,008 hours, 1 minute, 50 seconds.

Merle Tuve of the Carnegie Institution was awarded the U.S. National Academy of Sciences $3,500 Comstock Prize in Washington for the development of the proximity fuse and work in nuclear physics.

Economics and finance
The Canadian House of Commons passed a bill abolishing the decreasing rate of family allowances from the fifth child; the measure followed the protest of many Canadian families, particularly in Quebec, where they considered themselves disadvantaged by the government's policy of reducing the amount of the allowance from the fifth child.

The St. Louis-San Francisco Railway and four rail unions announced the cancellation of an agreement to bar Negroes from train crews.

Former world middleweight champion Tony Zale, 35, announced his retirement.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): L'Eau vive--Guy Béart

The U.S.S.R. disclosed plans for development of an Earth observation satellite equipped with optical and television cameras.

World events
The Panamanian government reported the suppression of an attempted guerrilla invasion from Cuba.

Politics and government
Moderates and conservatives, many of them Fourth Republic political leaders, outpolled Gaullist candidates to win control of the first Senate of the French Fifth Republic.

Economics and finance
African National Congress leader Albert Luthuli said in Cape Town that South African blacks would begin a boycott of Afrikaans Nationalist businesses in June.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Where Do You Go To (My Lovely)--Peter Sarstedt (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Crimson and Clover--Tommy James and the Shondells (6th week at #1)

#1 single in France: Le métèque--Georges Moustaki

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Eloise--Barry Ryan (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Liebesleid--Peter Alexander (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Boom Bang-a-Bang--Lulu (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Israelites--Desmond Dekker and the Aces

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Goodbye--Mary Hopkin
2 Why--The Cats
3 5th Symphony Beethoven--Ekseption
4 The Walls Fell Down--The Marbles
5 The Last Seven Days--Gloria
6 Don Juan--Dave Dee, Dozy, Beaky, Mick and Tich
7 Ensemble--Mireille Mathieu
8 Seasons in the Sun--The Fortunes
9 Get Back--The Beatles featuring Billy Preston
10 River Deep - Mountain High--Ike & Tina Turner

Singles entering the chart were Get Back; Man of the World by Fleetwood Mac (#35); Have My Love by Pepper and Soul (#36); Sweet Cherry Wine by Tommy James and the Shondells (#37); Suzanne by Herman Van Veen (#39); and Dizzy by Tommy Roe (#40).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension (3rd week at #1)
2 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
3 It's Your Thing--The Isley Brothers
4 Hair--The Cowsills
5 Only the Strong Survive--Jerry Butler
6 Twenty-Five Miles--Edwin Starr
7 Galveston--Glen Campbell
8 Time is Tight--Booker T. & the M.G.'s
9 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
10 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells

Singles entering the chart were Too Busy Thinking About My Baby by Marvin Gaye (#67); Oh Happy Day by the Edwin Hawkins Singers featuring Dorothy Morrison (#72); Day is Done by Peter, Paul and Mary (#83); Heather Honey by Tommy Roe (#87); Love is Just a Four-Letter Word by Joan Baez (#88); Mr. Walker, It's All Over by Billie Jo Spears (#89); I Shall Be Released by the Box Tops (#90); From Both Sides Now by Dion (#91); Greensleeves by Mason Williams (#93); Seven Years by the Impressions (#94); I Can't Say No to You by Betty Everett (#95); I've Been Loving You Too Long by Ike & Tina Turner (#96); Home to You by Earth Opera (#97); and Never Gonna Let Him Know by Debbie Taylor (#98).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension (4th week at #1)
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 It's Your Thing--The Isley Brothers
4 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
5 Only the Strong Survive--Jerry Butler
6 Twenty-Five Miles--Edwin Starr
7 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
8 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
9 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
10 Hawaii Five-O--The Ventures

Singles entering the chart were Heather Honey by Tommy Roe (#64); Marley Purt Drive by Jose Feliciano (#77); Black Pearl by Sonny Charles & the Checkmates, Ltd. (#82); One by Three Dog Night (#84); I Shall Be Released by the Box Tops (#86); I Don't Want to Hear it Anymore by Dusty Springfield (#87); I Want to Love You Baby by Peggy Scott and Jo Jo Benson (#88); Seven Years by the Impressions (#92); I was a Boy (When You Needed a Man) by Billy Shields (#96); Pretty World by Sergio Mendes & Brasil '66 (#98); Love is Just a Four-Letter Word by Joan Baez (#99); and We Can't Go on This Way by Unchained Mynds (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension (3rd week at #1)
2 Hair--The Cowsills
3 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells
4 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
5 Tricia Tell Your Daddy--Andy Kim
6 Indian Giver--1910 Fruitgum Co.
7 Things I'd Like to Say--The New Colony Six
8 Wishful Sinful--The Doors
9 Dizzy--Tommy Roe
10 Mendocino--Sir Douglas Quintet
Pick hit of the week: The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel

Died on this date
Morihei Ueshiba, 85
. Japanese martial artist. Mr. Ueshiba founded and developed the martial art known as aikido.

The United States Defense Department announced that the battleship New Jersey, which had been diverted to eastern waters after an American reconnaissance plane had been shot down by North Korea over the Sea of Japan on April 15, would be returned to the United States. It was disclosed that the task force had been reduced from 20 ships to one carrier and seven destroyers, and that the other 21 vessels were returning to ports in Japan and the Philippines.

100 Negro students were jailed in Charleston, South Carolina after they attempted to march down the city's main thoroughfare in support of striking hospital workers. The arrests brought to 200 the total arrested in Charleston, whose streets were patrolled by National Guardsmen and state troopers.

English FA Cup
Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Manchester City 1 Leicester City 0

40 years ago

United Nations peace forces arranged a cease-fire between Israelis and Palestinian guerrillas in southern Lebanon, ending four days of intense fighting.

United Nations Secretary-General Kurt Waldheim arrived in Hanoi to aid negotiations for Vietnam-China disengagement.

Stanley Cup
Boston 2 @ Montreal 4 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
New York Rangers 4 @ New York Islanders 1 (Rangers led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Avco World Trophy
New England 2 @ Edmonton 6 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 1-0)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Like a Prayer--Madonna (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lucille Ball, 77
. U.S. actress and producer. Miss Ball appeared in a number of movies in the 1930s and '40s before achieving stardom in the radio comedy series My Favorite Husband (1948-1951). She then became one of television's biggest stars with the series I Love Lucy (1951-1957); The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour (1957-1960); The Lucy Show (1962-1968); and Here's Lucy (1968-1974). With her first husband, Desi Arnaz, Miss Ball founded Desilu studios, which she began running in 1962, with great success. She died of a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Ihei Aoki. Japanese bureaucrat. Mr. Aoki was the secretary to Prime Minister Noboru Takeshita, who had announced the previous day that he would resign over allegations of improper dealings with Recruit Company. Mr. Aoki believed to be a middleman in financial dealings between Mr. Takeshita and Recruit Company, committed suicide.

The Chinese People's Daily published the April 26 Editorial, which inflamed the nascent Tiananmen Square protests.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the gross national product had grown at an annual rate of 5.5% in the first quarter of 1989.

The deadliest tornado in world history struck central Bangladesh, killing upwards of 1,300, injuring 12,000, and leaving as many as 80,000 homeless.

Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Chicago 4 St. Louis 2

25 years ago

Politics and government
The day after the Japanese Diet had elected Tsutomu Hata of the Japan Renewal Party (Shinseito) as the country's new Prime Minister, replacing Morihio Hosokawa, the Social Democratic Party pulled out of the ruling coalition, saying that they believed they were going to be squeezed out of the government. The other parties in the coalition were more conservative. The defection left Mr. Hata's government without a majority in the lower house of the Diet.

Voting began in South Africa's first general-suffrage elections.

China Airlines Flight 140 an Airbus A300B4-622R, crashed at Nagoya Airport in Japan, killing 264 of the 271 people on board.

Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Vancouver 2 @ Calgary 1 (OT) (Calgary led best-of-seven series 3-2)

20 years ago

Died on this date
Faye Throneberry, 67
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Throneberry, the older brother of legendary first baseman Marv Throneberry, was an outfielder with the Boston Red Sox (1952, 1955-1957); Washington Senators (1957-1960); and Los Angeles Angels (1961), batting .236 with 29 home runs and 137 runs batted in in 521 games. He played in 466 games in 7 seasons in the minor leagues from 1950-1963. Mr. Throneberry died of heart disease.

Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat received a letter from U.S. President Bill Clinton urging him not to act unilaterally on Palestinian statehood, but also giving a signal of support for eventual statehood.

Politics and government
India's President, Kocheril Narayanan, dissolved parliament and called for a general election within six months.

A group headed by Daniel Snyder, a young communications company owner, paid $800 million to buy the Washington Redskins of the National Football League from the estate of Jack Kent Cooke. The price tag was by far the largest for a franchise in sports history.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Hans Holzer, 89
. Austrian-born U.S. paranormal investigator and author. Mr. Holzer moved to New York City with his parents in 1938. He wrote more than 120 books on supernatural phenomena, and investigated such incidents as the Amityville Horror in the 1970s. His endorsement of psychics and mediums and fields of study such as psychic archaeology and spirit photography has been criticized as pseudoscientific.

The first cases of the 2009 H1N1 (swine flu) in Canada were confirmed; it was declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on June 11, 2009.

Daniel Nestor and partner Nenad Zimonjiæ won the Barcelona Open doubles title over former partner Mark Knowles and Mahesh Bhupathi of India; Mr. Nestor became the first Canadian to reach his 100th Tour final.

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