Friday, 30 October 2020

October 30, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Angie Buan!

750 years ago

The Eighth Crusade ended with an agreement between Charles I of Anjou (replacing his deceased brother King Louis IX of France) and the Hafsid dynasty of Tunis.

680 years ago

Portuguese forces commanded by King Afonso IV and Castilian forces commanded by King Alfonso XI halted a Marinid invasion led by Sultan Abu al-Hasan 'Ali of Morocco and Yusuf I of Granada at the Battle of Río Salado.

180 years ago

Politics and government
Voting began in the U.S. presidential election. Incumbent President and Democratic party candidate Martin Van Buren was being challenged by Whig party candidate William Henry Harrison and Liberty party candidate J.G. Birney. The voting went state-by-state, and didn't conclude until December 2.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Gerhard Domagk
. German pathologist and bacteriologist. Dr. Domagk was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for the discovery of the antibacterial effects of prontosil," the first commercially available antibiotic. He died on April 24, 1964 at the age of 68.

Dickinson Richards. U.S. physician. Dr. Richards shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1956 with Andre Cournand and Werner Forssmann for the development of cardiac catheterization and the characterization of a number of cardiac diseases. He died on February 23, 1973 at the age of 77.

Died on this date
James Patterson, 61
. U.K.-born Australian politician. Mr. Patterson emigrated to Australia in 1852, where he was in business before serving as Mayor of Chewton for four years before winning election to the Victoria Legislative Assemlby in 1870. He held various offices in Victoria before taking office as Premier in January 1893 after William Shiels was ousted on a non-confidence vote during an economic depression. Mr. Patterson had no more success in dealing with the depression than his predecessors; he lost a non-confidence vote in August 1894, and his conservatives were defeated in the election in September 1894. Mr. Patterson was an opposition member of the Victoria Legislative Assembly when he died from influenza, 19 days before his 62nd birthday.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Ragnar Granit
. Finnish-born Swedish neuroscientist. Dr. Granit, Haldan Keffer Hartline, and George Wald were awarded the 1967 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye." Dr. Granit died on March 12, 1991 at the age of 90.

110 years ago

Died on this date
Henry Dunant, 82
. Swiss activist. Mr. Dunant was a businessman who witnessed the Battle of Solferino in 1859, and was appalled at the lack of care for wounded soldiers. His memoir Un Souvenir de Solferino (A Memory of Solferino) (1862) led him to co-found the International Committee of the Red Cross in February 1863, for which he was awarded a share of the first Nobel Peace Prize in 1901. Mr. Dunant was also involved with the First Geneva Convention (1864).

100 years ago

Politics and government
The Communist Party of Australia was founded in Sydney.

Edmonton 18 @ Calgary 8 (Calgary won 2-game total points series 35-34)

Tommy Blades scored 2 touchdowns and punted for a rouge as the Eskimos' comeback from an 11-point deficit after the first game fell just short at Hillhurst Park. Mr. Burnett scored the other Edmonton touchdown. The Tigers advanced to play the Regina Roughriders for the championship of the Western Canada Rugby Football Union.

80 years ago

On the radio

At the movies
One Night in the Tropics, starring Allan Jones, Nancy Kelly, Bud Abbott, and Lou Costello, received its premiere screening in Mr. Costello's hometown of Paterson, New Jersey. It was the first movie for the comedy team of Abbott and Costello.

The Greek government claimed that the Italian advance into Greece had made little progress, but Italy announced the capture of the town of Breznica, opening the main route to Salonika on the Aegean Sea. Greek Prime Minister John Metaxas said that British aid had been better than expected, with U.K. marines landing in Greece, the British fleet mining the coast, and Royal Air Force pilots reportedly landing in northern Greece.

German Ambassador to Turkey Franz von Papen suddenly left Ankara for Berlin after a long conversation with Turkish Prime Minister Dr. Refik Saydam.

The U.S. draft lottery in Washington ended at 5:47 A.M. after 17½ hours of drawing numbers. A fire of unknown origin destroyed the top floor of the four-storey U.S. War Department building in Washington, but Army code books and other secret records were saved.

Politics and government
Republican Party U.S. presidential candidate Wendell Willkie predicted that if Franklin D. Roosevelt were re-elected five days hence, "on the basis of past performance with pledges to the people, you may expect war by April 1941." Replying in a speech in Boston, President Roosevelt promised, "Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars." Democratic Party U.S. vice presidential candidate told an American Labor Party rally in New York that "millions of Americans know from personal observation that there is Nazi propaganda and Nazi pressure for the election of the Republican candidate." World heavyweight boxing champion Joe Louis urged the election of Mr. Willkie because he "will help my people," presumably referring to Negroes.

Economics and finance
Brazil was reported to have banned the export of beef because of a meat shortage in Rio de Janeiro due to a long drought and large beef exports to Europe.

Harvey Gibson, chairman of the New York World's Fair board of directors, announced that 3,000 bondholders would receive 39.2 cents on the dollar.

It was revealed that carpenters must pay an $80 union "initiation fee" to work at Fort Dix, New Jersey, a $75 fee at Fort Edwards, Massachusetts, and $55 at Fort Meade, Maryland, with no refunds in case of dismissal.

75 years ago

The Allied Far Eastern Advisory Commission assembled in Washington. The U.S.S.R. refused to join unless the U.S.A. agreed to share occupation of Japan with other Allied powers.

U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes announced full U.S. recognition of the Venezuelan government of provisional President Romulo Betancourt.

Politics and government
Supreme Court Chief Justice Jose Linhares was sworn in as President of Brazil and appointed a new cabinet.

In its plan submitted to the U.S. Senate Military Affairs Committee, the War Department called for the merger of the Armed Forces into one agency under a cabinet-level secretary.

The U.S. House of Representatives Military Affairs Committee approved a bill establishing a strong atomic energy commission.

Economics and finance
The U.S. House of Representatives approved the $5.9-billion tax reduction bill. A House committee supported congressional appropriations of $550 million for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

In an executive order amending his August 18, 1945 policy statement, U.S. President Harry Truman recommended higher wages in order for workers to catch up with the cost of living.

70 years ago

World events
Puerto Rican nationalists in the towns of Jayuya, Ponce, Mayagüez, Naranjito, Arecibo, Utuado, and San Juan led uprisings against the U.S.-supported Puerto Rican government. In San Juan, five men attempted to assassinate Governor Luis Muñoz Marín in his mansion; they fired shots into his office, but he cowered under his desk and narrowly escaped death.

60 years ago

Dr. Michael Woodruff performed the first successful kidney transplant in the United Kingdom at the Royal Infirmary of Edinburgh. The recipient was a 49-year-old man who received a kidney donated by his twin brother.

Montreal (5-9) 27 @ Toronto (10-4) 63

The Argonauts scored 35 points in the 4th quarter at CNE Stadium--tying the league record for points scored by one team in a quarter--as they clinched first place in the IRFU. Cookie Gilchrist of the Argonauts scored 27 points--23 in the 4th quarter--to win the IRFU scoring title with 115 points, 7 more than George Dixon of the Alouettes. Mr. Gilchrist was successful on 8 of 9 convert attempts.

Cleveland (4-1) 31 @ Washington (1-2-2) 10
St. Louis (3-3) 20 @ New York (3-1-1) 13
Green Bay (4-1) 19 @ Pittsburgh (2-3-1) 13
Baltimore (4-2) 45 @ Dallas (0-6) 7
Chicago (3-2-1) 7 @ San Francisco (3-3) 25
Detroit (1-4) 35 @ Los Angeles (1-4-1) 48

Houston (5-2) 24 @ Buffalo (3-4) 25
Dallas (3-4) 17 @ Denver (4-3) 14

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Lola--The Kinks (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Band of Gold--Freda Payne (5th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Burning Bridges--The Mike Curb Congregation (3rd week at #1)
2 Mademoiselle Ninette--Michael Holm
3 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Brown Eyes--Chris Andrews
5 Cha-La-La, I Need You--Shuffles
6 I (Who Have Nothing)--Tom Jones
7 Ain't Love a Funny Thing--Sam Evans
8 Candida--Dawn
9 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
10 Poor Little Rich Girl--Dickie Loader

Singles entering the chart were Me and My Life by the Tremeloes (#18); Black Night by Deep Purple (#29); and Stand Up for the Lady by the Rising Sons (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
2 I Think I Love You--The Partridge Family
3 Lola--The Kinks
4 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
5 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
6 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
7 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
8 Long Long Time--Linda Ronstadt
9 Gypsy Woman--Brian Hyland
10 It Don't Matter to Me--Bread

Singles entering the chart were The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#27); Let's Work Together by Canned Heat (#28); Fly Little White Dove, Fly by the Bells (#29); and Express Yourself by Charles Wright and the Watts 103rd Street Rhythm Band (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 Lola--The Kinks (2nd week at #1)
2 Fire and Rain--James Taylor
3 I'll Be There--The Jackson 5
4 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
5 My Home Town--The Seeds of Time
6 Cry Me a River--Joe Cocker
7 Our House--Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young
8 Closer to Home--Grand Funk Railroad
9 Somebody's Been Sleeping--100 Proof Aged in Soul
10 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters

Singles entering the chart were The Tears of a Clown by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#21); Heaven Help Us All by Stevie Wonder (#24); Maggie (LP) by Redbone (#27); Engine Number 9 by Wilson Pickett (#28); Fresh Air by Quicksilver Messenger Service (#29); and No Matter What by Badfinger (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond (5th week at #1)
2 Lola--The Kinks
3 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel
4 Ain't that Tellin' You People--The Original Caste
cr 5 Yellow River--Christie
6 Me and Bobby McGee--Gordon Lightfoot
7 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
8 God, Love and Rock & Roll (We Believe)--Teegarden & Van Winkle
9 All Right Now--Free
10 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: The Price of Life

The album Tumbleweed Connection by Elton John was released in the United Kingdom on DJM Records.

U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell met with 13 representatives of the nation's police chiefs, and said afterward that federal, state, and local cooperation would be sought in combatting bombings and attacks on policemen.

Economics and finance
Nine Canadian banks announced that they were following the lead of the Toronto-Dominion Bank and lowering their interest rates on loans, effective November 1. In most cases, the interest rate went from 7% to 6.5% and the prime rate from 8% to 7.5%.

40 years ago

El Salvador and Honduras agreed to put the border dispute that prompted the 1969 Soccer War before the International Court of Justice.

U.S. Senator Harrison Williams (Democrat--New Jersey), the only Senator caught on videotape by the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Abscam sting, allegedly taking a bribe, was indicted by a federal grand jury in Brooklyn, New York on charges of bribery and conspiracy.

Nippon Series
Hiroshima Toyo Carp 2 @ Kintetsu Buffaloes 6 (Kintetsu led best-of-seven series 3-2)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shut Up (and Sleep with Me)--Sin With Sebastian (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V.

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms (6th week at #1)
2 Back for Good--Take That
3 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
4 Side of the Road--Blue Rodeo
5 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
6 This--Rod Stewart
7 I'm Shattered--Barney Bentall
8 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morissette
9 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
10 I Could Fall in Love--Selena

Singles entering the chart were Rock Steady by Bonnie Raitt with Bryan Adams (#88); Lump by the Presidents of the United States of America (#94); Lock and Load by Bob Seger (#95); Geek Stink Breath by Green Day (#96); Blessing by Elton John (#97); When Love & Hate Collide by Def Leppard (#98); One of Us by Joan Osborne (#99); and Breakin' Down by Susan Aglukark (#100).

Politics and government
In their second referendum on sovereignty, Quebec electors narrowly voted by a margin of 50.58%-49.42% to remain a province of Canada.

K Mart Corporation said that its K Mart Canada unit would be sold within 30 days; a month later, K mart said that talks had failed and that it would keep its 127 Canadian stores.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Steve Allen, 78
. U.S. broadcaster, author, songwriter, comedian. Mr. Allen, a man of many talents, was the original host of the Tonight show on NBC from 1954-1957. He then moved into prime time on Sunday nights with a comedy and variety show on NBC that ran at the same time that Ed Sullivan's program was on CBS; The Steve Allen Show (1956-1960) drew respectable ratings. He conceived and hosted a program on PBS called Meeting of Minds (1977-1981), where actors portraying historical characters would discuss various issues. Mr. Allen wrote several thousand songs, the best-known of which is This Could Be the Start of Something. His books included The Funny Men (1956); Funny People (1981); More Funny People (1982); and Vulgarians at the Gate (2000). Mr. Allen died several hours after suffering a ruptured blood vessel caused by chest injuries received in a traffic accident.

10 years ago

Winnipeg (4-13) 13 @ Edmonton (7-10) 16 (OT)

Yates Cup
Queen's 19 @ McMaster 40
Guelph 10 @ Wilfrid Laurier 42

St. Mary's (5-3) 21 @ Acadia (4-4) 0
British Columbia (2-6) 25 @ Manitoba (2-6) 35
Alberta (3-5) 5 @ Calgary (6-2) 37

Khaleal Williams passed for 327 yards and Matt Henry rushed for 2 touchdowns in the final game of his 5-year university career to help the Bisons defeat the Thunderbirds at University Stadium in Winnipeg. Quincy Hurst returned a punt 100 yards for a touchdown in the 2nd quarter to spark Manitoba to a comeback from a 14-3 1st-quarter deficit.

World Series
San Francisco Giants 2 @ Texas Rangers 4 (San Francisco led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Mitch Moreland's 3-run home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 2nd inning opened the scoring and provided the runs necessary for the Rangers to defeat the Giants before 52,419 fans in the first World Series game ever played at Rangers Ballpark in Arlington.

Nippon Series
Chiba Lotte Marines 5 @ Chunichi Dragons 2 (Chiba led best-of-seven series 1-0)

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