Saturday, 3 October 2020

October 2, 2020

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Julia Dimitrieva!

550 years ago

The Earl of Warwick's rebellion forced King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands, restoring Henry VI to the throne.

240 years ago

Died on this date
John Andre, 29
. U.K. army officer and spy. Major Andre was hanged as a spy after being captured by American Patriot Militiamen on his return to New York City. Found hidden in his boot were papers relating to negotiations with Continental Army Brigadier General Benedict Arnold for the surrender of West Point.

220 years ago

Born on this date
Nat Turner
. U.S. slave and uprising leader. Mr. Turner was born into slavery in Virginia, and learned to read and write at an early age. He claimed to receive direct revelations from God, which led him to lead a slave rebellion in Southampton County, Virginia in August 1831, resulting in the deaths of 55-65 people, the vast majority of whom were white. The rebellion was put down after two days, but Mr. Turner evaded capture for six weeks. He was captured on October 30, tried and convicted six days later, and hanged in Jersusalem, Virginia on November 11, 1831 at the age of 31.

150 years ago

Citizens of the Papal States voted in a plebiscite to accept annexation by the Kingdom of Italy.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Groucho Marx
. U.S. comedian and actor. Julius Henry Marx, nicknamed "Groucho" because of his personality, was the best-known of the Marx Brothers comedy team, with brothers Chico, Harpo, Gummo, and Zeppo. The brothers were popular on stage before achieving even greater popularity in movies such as Animal Crackers (1930); Duck Soup (1933); and A Night at the Opera (1935). Groucho hosted the game show You Bet Your Life on radio, and later on television, from 1947-1961.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Ruth Cheney Streeter
. U.S. military officer. Colonel Streeter joined the United States Marine Corps Women's Reserve in 1943, and became its director. She retired in 1945 after overseeing tremendous growth in the USMCWR. Col. Streeter died on September 30, 1990, two days before her 95th birthday.

Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie Bowell set up northern districts of Yukon, Ungava, Mackenzie, and Franklin, under the administrative control of the Northwest Territories government at Regina; the federal government also enlarged Athabasca District eastward.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Frank "Spec" Shea
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Shea played with the New York Yankees (1947-1949, 1951) and Washington Nationals (1952-1955), compiling a record of 56-46 with an earned run average of 3.80 in 195 games, batting .195 with 1 home run and 33 runs batted in. He was 53-41 in 131 games in 6 seasons in the minor leagues (1940-1941, 1946, 1949-1950). Mr. Shea's best season was his first, when he was 14-5 with a 3.07 ERA, was the winning pitcher in the All-Star Game, and was 2-0 with a 2.35 ERA in 3 World Series games as the Yankees defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers in 7 games. He suffered from a nagging neck injury that interrupted his rookie season and ultimately shortened his career. Mr. Shea died on July 19, 2002, shortly after heart valve replacement surgery.

Died on this date
Max Bruch, 82
. German composer and conductor. Mr. Bruch was a Romantic composer whose more than 200 works included three symphonies, four operas, and orchestral, choral, and chamber pieces. His best known composition is Violin Concerto No. 1, in G minor (1866). Mr. Bruch's conducting positions included the Liverpool Philharmonic Orchestra (1880-1883), and he taught composition at the Berlin Hochschule für Musik (1890-1910).

Walter Hackett, 63. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Hackett was a shortstop with the Boston Reds of the Union Association (1884) and Boston Beaneaters (1885), batting .230 with 1 home run and at least 10 runs batted in in 138 games. He played 5 seasons in the minor leagues (1885-1889).

Former U.S. President William Howard Taft spoke at Convocation Hall on the University of Alberta campus in Edmonton. He stated that work, loyalty to the job, self-restraint, and good manners were the keys to success.

With the Black Sox 1919 World Series fix a current news item, major league baseball club owners began a series of moves to clean up the game. Albert D. Lasker, a minority owner of the Chicago Cubs, proposed a three-man board of non-baseball men to oversee reforms, with the top man to be paid $25,000 per year. Among the names mentioned were former U.S. President William Howard Taft; Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis; U.S. Senator Hiram Johnson; General John J. Pershing; General Leonard Wood; and former U.S. Treasury Secretary William McAdoo.

Jim Bagby (31-12) pitched an 11-hit complete game and Tris Speaker had 3 hits as the Cleveland Indians whipped the Detroit Tigers 10-1 before 5,000 fans at Navin Field in Detroit to clinch their first American League pennant. The game was completed in 1 hour 28 minutes.

Dickie Kerr (21-9) allowed 16 hits and 6 earned run, but pitched a complete game and batted 3 for 5 with a triple, run, and run batted in to help the Chicago White Sox defeat the St. Louis Browns 10-7 before 5,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Chicago first baseman Shano Collins was 4 for 5 with a triple, 3 runs, and 2 RBIs, and second baseman Eddie Collins was 3 for 5 with a triple, run, and 2 RBIs.

The Cincinnati Reds scored 6 runs in the 3rd inning and 4 in the 9th as they beat the Pittsburgh Pirates 13-4 at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh in the first game of the last tripleheader in major league history. Every man in the Cincinnati lineup had at least 1 hit, including pitcher Ray Fisher (10-11), who was 3 for 4 with a run and a run batted in, while pitching an 8-hit complete game. The Reds scored all their runs in the 7th inning as they won the second game 7-3. Hod Eller, normally a starting pitcher, entered the game in the 4th inning at second base and moved to third in the 5th, batting 3 for 4 with a double, run, and 2 RBIs, while Lynn Brenton (2-1) pitched a 6-hit complete game victory. The Pirates scored 3 runs in each of the 1st and 6th innings and were leading 6-0 when the game was called because of darkness after the 6th. Johnny Morrison (1-0) allowed 4 hits in pitching the shutout for his first major league win. The first game started at noon, and darkness fell about 5 hours later.

90 years ago

At the movies
The Big Trail, directed by Raoul Walsh, and starring John Wayne, Marguerite Churchill, Tyrone Power, Sr., and El Brendel, received its premiere screening in Los Angeles.

Died on this date
Gordon Northcott, 23
. Canadian-born criminal. Mr. Northcott, a native of Bladworth, Saskatchewan, grew up in British Columbia and moved to Los Angeles with his parents in 1924. He molested and murdered as 20 boys, but was convicted in 1929 of the three "Wineville Chicken Coop murders" in California which took place from 1926-1928. Mr. Northcott was hanged at San Quentin State Prison in California.

World Series
St. Louis Cardinals 1 @ Philadelphia Athletics 6 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-0)

George Earnshaw (1-0) pitched a 6-hitter and the Athletics scored 2 runs in each of the 1st, 3rd, and 4th innings to defeat the Cardinals before 32,295 fans at Shibe Park. Flint Rhem (0-1) was a surprise starter on the mound for the Cardinals. Mickey Cochrane hit a home run for the Athletics, while George Watkins homered for the Cardinals’ only run.

80 years ago

On the radio

Cincinnati (0-1) 7 @ Buffalo (1-1) 17
Columbus (1-1) 17 @ Boston (0-1) 0

World Series
Detroit Tigers 7 @ Cincinnati Reds 2 (Detroit led best-of-seven series 1-0)

The Tigers scored 5 runs in the 2nd inning and Bobo Newsom pitched a 2-hitter to beat the Reds before 31,793 fans at Crosley Field. Paul Derringer was the Reds’ starting pitcher, but lasted just 1.1 innings. Detroit right fielder Bruce Campbell hit the game’s only home run.

70 years ago

Died on this date
John F. Fitzgerald, 87
. U.S. politician. "Honey Fitz," a Democrat, was a member of Boston Common Council (1891-1892) and Mayor of Boston (1906-1908, 1910-1914). He represented the 3rd Suffolk District in the Massachusetts House of Representatives (1892-1894), and represented Massachusetts' 9th (1895-1901) and 10th (March-October 1919) in the U.S. House of Representatives. He was removed from his last office when Democratic Party challenger Peter Tague successfully challenged the primary results. Mr. Fitzgerald unsuccessfully campaigned for Governor of Massachusetts (1922) and the U.S. Senate (1916, 1942). His daughter Rose married Joseph P. Kennedy, and "Honey Fitz" was thus the grandfather of U.S. President John F. Kennedy and U.S. Senators Robert F. and Ted Kennedy.

Popular culture
Charles M. Schulz’s comic strip Peanuts began running in newspapers. The first cartoon featured Charlie Brown, Patty, and Shermy.

The New York radio industry announced that it would form a commission to study ways of preventing Communist penetration of the communicatons media without defaming innocent performers. The decision was a response to protests among performers against the listing of alleged Communists in the publication Red Channels.

U.S. Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Forrest Sherman told a House of Representatives Armed Services subcommittee that the Navy expected to have 20 carriers, 2 battleships, 15 cruisers, 200 destroyers, 75 submarines, 118 mine control craft, and 7,355 planes on active duty by mid-1951.

Economics and finance
The U.S. National Production Authority imposed a priorities system on American industry, giving defense production the "right of way" over civilian requirements. Orders classified "DO" (defense order) must be accepted by plants if they were able to fill them.

Saskatchewan (4-5) 13 @ Calgary (2-8) 16
Winnipeg (6-3) 10 @ Edmonton (7-3) 13

7,000 were at Mewata Stadium to see the Stampeders defeat the Roughriders, while 8,000 were at Clarke Stadium to see the Eskimos beat the Blue Bombers. Mike King scored both Edmonton, touchdowns, both converted by Annis Stukus. Bill Briggs punted for a single for the Eskimos’ other point.

Baltimore (0-3) 13 @ Chicago Cardinals (1-1) 55

60 years ago

Died on this date
Mike Kilroy, 90
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Kilroy, the brother of major league pitcher Matt Kilroy, played with the Baltimore Orioles (1888) and Philadelphia Phillies (1891), compiling a record of 0-3 with an earned run average of 9.00 in 4 games. He played 8 seasons in the minor leagues (1886-1898).

London (4-3) 21 @ Port Huron-Detroit (3-3) 26

This was the Lords’ second game in as many days, having lost to the Sarnia Golden Bears at Labatt Park the day before.

Chicago (1-1) 7 @ Baltimore (2-0) 42
Pittsburgh (1-1) 20 @ Cleveland (2-0) 28
Detroit (0-1) 9 @ Green Bay (1-1) 28
New York (2-0) 35 @ St. Louis (1-1) 14
Los Angeles (0-2) 9 @ San Francisco (1-1) 13

Los Angeles (2-2) 24 @ Buffalo (1-3) 10
New York (3-1) 37 @ Dallas (2-2) 35
Oakland (1-3) 14 @ Denver (3-1) 31

The Baltimore Orioles clinched second place in the American League with a 2-1 win over the Washington Senators before 4,768 fans as Griffith Stadium in Washington. Milt Pappas (15-11) pitched a 6-hitter, while Pedro Ramos (11-18) allowed just 4 hits as he took the loss in the last game ever played by the original Senators before the franchise moved to Minnesota to become the Minnesota Twins.

Ken Hunt led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a bunt single and Dale Long followed with a home run to give the New York Yankees an 8-7 win over the Boston Red Sox before 16,895 fans at Yankee Stadium. Jim Pisoni played the 2nd inning in center field for the Yankees, with no fielding chances in the 103rd and last game of his 5-year major league career.

Jim Perry (18-10) pitched a 5-hitter and batted 2 for 3 with a base on balls and a run batted in as as the Cleveland Indians shut out the Chicago White Sox 4-0 before 11,097 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. Early Wynn (13-12) allowed 4 hits and 2 runs--1 earned--in 6.2 innings to take the loss. The win tied Mr. Perry with Baltimore’s Chuck Estrada for the AL lead.

Bob Lillis reached first base on an error by pitcher Don Cardwell to lead off the bottom of the 9th inning and scored on a sacrifice fly by Maury Wills to give the Los Angeles Dodgers a 4-3 win over the Chicago Cubs before 15,266 fans at Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum. The Dodgers had tied the game on a solo home run by Ron Fairly with 2 out in the 8th.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Pinocchio--Maria Dallas (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Band of Gold--Freda Payne

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 Brown Eyes--Chris Andrews
2 Neanderthal Man--Hotlegs
3 Lola--The Kinks
4 Mademoiselle Ninette--Michael Holm
5 Lady D'Arbanville--Cat Stevens
6 The Wedding--Jody Wayne
7 Love of the Common People--Nicky Thomas
8 Push Mr. Pride Aside--Percy Sledge
9 Keep On Smiling--James Lloyd
10 In the Summertime--Mungo Jerry

Singles entering the chart were Poor Little Rich Girl by Dickie Loader (#18); Burning Bridges by the Mike Curb Congregation (#19); and Cha-La-La, I Need You by the Shuffles (#20). Burning Bridges was from the movie Kelly's Heroes (1970).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 All Right Now--Free
2 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
3 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
4 War--Edwin Starr
5 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
6 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
7 Lola--The Kinks
8 It's Only Make Believe--Glen Campbell
9 Candida--Dawn
10 Neanderthal Man--Hotlegs

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be There by the Jackson 5 (#23); Deeper & Deeper by Freda Payne (#27); Our House by Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young (#29); and It Don't Matter to Me by Bread (#30).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKVN)
1 All Right Now--Free
2 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
3 Green-Eyed Lady--Sugarloaf
4 Look What They've Done to My Song Ma--The New Seekers
5 War--Edwin Starr
6 Out in the Country--Three Dog Night
7 We've Only Just Begun--Carpenters
8 Neanderthal Man--Hotlegs
9 Lola--The Kinks
10 Soul Shake--Delaney and Bonnie and Friends

Singles entering the chart were I'll Be There by the Jackson 5 (#26); Time to Kill by The Band (#27); Somebody's Been Sleeping by 100 Proof Aged in Soul (#28); Montego Bay by Bobby Bloom (#29); and My Home Town by the Seeds of Time (#30).

Edmonton's Top 10 (CJCA)
1 Cracklin' Rosie--Neil Diamond
2 Me and Bobby McGee--Gordon Lightfoot
3 Lookin' Out My Back Door--Creedence Clearwater Revival
4 Yellow River--Christie
5 Candida--Dawn
6 Joanne--Michael Nesmith & the First National Band
7 Patches--Clarence Carter
8 Sunday Morning Coming Down--Johnny Cash
9 Long Long Time--Linda Ronstadt
10 El Condor Pasa--Simon & Garfunkel

On television tonight
The Interns, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Some Things Don't Change

Died on this date
Bo Linde, 37
. Swedish composer. Mr. Linde wrote three symphonies, three piano concertos, and other orchestral works, chamber music, vocal music, and songs. He died from problems possibly related to drinking.

Richard Nixon became the first American president in 11 years to visit Spain. He told Spanish Generalissimo Francisco Franco that Spain was vital to the security of the Mediterranean area.

A panel of three U.S. Federal Court judges in Washington upheld the constitutionality of the 1970 Voting Rights Law, which lowered the voting age in the United States from 21 to 18. The court also upheld the Act’s ban on literacy tests and a ban on certain state residency requirements for voting in presidential elections.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate in September was 5.5%, the highest rate in seven years.

A chartered Martin 4-0-4 propeller plane carrying members of the Wichita State University football team crashed in the Colorado Rockies, killing 29 people, including 13 players and a coach. Nine surviving players were taken to Denver hospitals. Two of the 11 initial survivors later died of their injuries. The team was on its way to Logan, Utah to play a game the next day against Utah State University. The plane was one of two carrying members of the team. The other one followed the prescribed route and landed without incident. An official report blamed pilot errors, including poor decisions during the flight and inadequate pre-flight planning. The pilot decided to take a scenic route through the Rockies and ended up boxed into a canyon, too low to climb above the mountain ridges surrounding it on three sides.

Billy Martin was announced as the new manager of the Detroit Tigers, replacing Mayo Smith, who had been fired the day before. Meanwhile, Oakland Athletics’ owner Charlie Finley fired John McNamara as manager and replaced him with Dick Williams.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (Hot Press): Feels Like I'm in Love--Kelly Marie

Despite opposition from provincial governments, the Canadian government under Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau introduced a resolution into parliament that would seek to impose a charter of rights and freedoms as part of a revised Canadian constitution.

For the first time since 1861, the United States House of Representatives expelled a member. Michael Myers (Democrat--Pennsylvania) had been convicted on August 30 on charges of bribery and conspiracy resulting from the Abscam investigation in which FBI agents posed as representatives of Arab sheiks and offered cash in exchange for the promise of legislative favours. A videotape, which Congressmen had observed, showed Rep. Myers taking a $50,000 bribe from undercover agents in return for assurances by the Congressman that he would introduce private immigration bills and take other steps to allow fictitious Arab sheiks to enter and remain in the U.S.A. Rep. Myers said of the tapes: "What you see on the tape is strictly play-acting, which I was instructed to do prior to going to those meetings. I was set up from the word ‘go.’"

Larry Holmes (36-0) successfully defended his world heavyweight title with a technical knockout of Muhammad Ali (56-4) at the end of the 10th round at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas. Mr. Ali had retired after regaining the title from Leon Spinks two years earlier, and hadn’t fought since.

Mike Schmidt hit his 46th home run of the season and Bob Walk (11-7) allowed 7 hits and 1 run--earned--in 7.1 innings to help the Philadelphia Phillies beat the Chicago Cubs 4-2 before 23,806 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia to move into a tie for first place in the National League East Division with the idle Montreal Expos, setting up a season-ending series against the Expos at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

30 years ago

The United States Senate followed the House of Representatives’ lead of the previous day and voted 96-3 to adopt a resolution endorsing President George Bush’s actions in the Persian Gulf relating to the invasion and occupation of Kuwait by Iraq.

One or more hijackers aboard Xiamen Airlines Flight 8301--a Boeing 737--in China attempted to hijack the jetliner to Taiwan or Hong Kong. As the plane attempted to land in Guangzhou (Canton), a struggle for control of the plane reportedly occurred, and the plane struck two other passenger liners on the ground, one empty and the other filled with passengers. Chinese officials reported that 132 people on the two planes were killed and that 95 survived, including 50 who were injured.

The United States Senate voted 90-9 to confirm Judge David Souter as the latest member of the Supreme Court of the United States.

The Oakland Athletics beat the California Angels 6-4 before 29,042 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum as winning pitcher Bob Welch finished the regular season with a record of 27-6.

Pinch hitter Tommy Gregg's 3-run home run was the big blow in a 7-run 6th inning as the Atlanta Braves beat the San Francisco Giants 16-7 before 9,362 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco. Randy O'Neal, the fourth of six San Francisco pitchers, allowed no hits but 2 bases on balls and 1 run--earned--in 1 inning in the 143rd and last game of his 7-year major league career.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Shut Up (and Sleep with Me)--Sin With Sebastian

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): A Kind of Christmas Card--Morten Harket (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): I Wanna Be A Hippy--Technohead (2nd week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Until I Hear it from You--Gin Blossoms (2nd week at #1)
2 Only Wanna Be with You--Hootie & the Blowfish
3 I Wish You Well--Tom Cochrane
4 Walk in the Sun--Bruce Hornsby
5 Roll to Me--Del Amitri
6 Not Enough--Van Halen
7 Kiss from a Rose--Seal
8 Saviour--Colin James
9 This--Rod Stewart
10 You Oughta Know--Alanis Morissette

Singles entering the chart were Fantasy by Mariah Carey (#95); Name by the Goo Goo Dolls (#96); In the Blood by Better than Ezra (#97); and Scatman (Ski-Ba-Bop-Ba-Dop-Bop) by Scatman John (#99).

Canadian real estate developer Paul Reichmann led an investment group in regaining ownership of Canary Wharf, the office complex that had brought down his Olympia & York Developments Ltd. real estate empire three years earlier.

10 years ago

Died on this date
David Tonkin, 71
. Australian politician. Dr. Tonkin, an ophthalmologist, was a member of the Liberal Party who represented Bragg in the South Australia House of Assembly (1970-1983), serving as leader of his party (1975-1982) and Premier of South Australia (1979-1982), leading a government that combined economic conservatism and social liberalism. Dr. Tonkin died in his sleep while attending a music festival.

Three National League managers were fired: Buck Showalter (Arizona Diamondbacks); Jack McKeon (Cincinnati Reds); and Gene Lamont (Pittsburgh Pirates).

10 years ago

Politics and government
Olive Crane was chosen as the new leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island.

Saskatchewan (9-4) 27 @ Toronto (6-7) 16

Winnipeg (3-10) 14 @ British Columbia (5-8) 16

British Columbia (1-4) 16 @ Calgary (4-1) 33
Alberta (2-3) 8 @ Regina (4-1) 40

Alberta quarterback Julian Marchand completed just 5 of 13 passes for 65 yards and an interception as the Golden Bears were routed by the Rams at Mosaic Stadium.

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