Thursday, 2 May 2019

April 29, 2019

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, April Stevens and Irina Zabelina!

590 years ago

Joan of Arc arrived to relieve the Siege of Orléans.

140 years ago

Born on this date
Thomas Beecham
. U.K. orchestra conductor. Sir Thomas may have been the first British conductor to achieve international success. He co-founded the London Philharmonic and Royal Philharmonic Orchestras, conducting the latter from 1946 until his death. Sir Thomas conducted the Seattle Symphony Orchestra in the early 1940s, and was also associated with the Liverpool Philharmonic and Hallé Orchestras. Sir Thomas was known for promoting the music of Mozart, Haydn, Schubert, Sibelius, and others such as Berlioz and Delius, who were otherwise ignored in Britain. Sir Thomas died of a heart attack on March 8, 1961 at the age of 81.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Duke Ellington
. U.S. musician. Edward Kennedy Ellington was a jazz pianist and bandleader who became one of the most influential figures in the history of American popular music, with a career spanning 50 years. His notable recordings included the singles Mood Indigo (1931); It Don't Mean a Thing (If It Ain't Got That Swing) (1932); and Take the "A" Train (1941). Mr. Ellington composed scores for movies such as Anatomy of a Murder (1959) and Paris Blues (1961), and won 14 Grammy Awards--three posthumously. He died of lung cancer and pneumonia on May 24, 1974, 25 days after his 75th birthday.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Tom Ewell
. U.S. actor. Mr. Ewell, born Samuel Yewell Tompkins, was best known for his starring role in the play (1952) and film (1955) The Seven Year Itch. He died on September 12, 1994 at the age of 85.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Gérard Oury
. French actor and director. Mr. Oury, whose real name was Max-Gérard Tannenbaum, appeared in numerous films in a career spanning more than 60 years. He directed movies such as La Grande Vadrouille (Don't Look Now... We're Being Shot At!) (1966) and The Brain (Le Cerveau) (1969). Mr. Oury died on July 20, 2006 at the age of 87.

80 years ago

English FA Cup
Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Portsmouth 4 Wolverhampton Wanderers 1

The Washington Nationals scored 3 runs in the top of the 1st inning and held on to defeat the New York Yankees 3-1 before 11,473 fans at Yankee Stadium. Ken Chase pitched a complete game for the victory, allowing 9 hits and striking out 7. Lefty Gomez started on the mound for the Yankees, allowing 9 hits in 8 innings in taking the loss. New York first baseman Lou Gehrig batted 1 for 3 with a base on balls and made 13 putouts. His single in the 4th inning was the 2,721st and last hit of his major league career. Buddy Rosar made his major league debut with the Yankees, grounding into a force play as a pinch hitter in the 8th.

Pinch hitter Johnny Peacock singled home Bobby Doerr with 1 out in the top of the 9th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the Boston Red Sox edged the Philadelphia Athletics 3-2 before 3,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia.

Larry Rosenthal doubled home Eric McNair with the tying run and scored on a sacrifice fly by pinch hitter Rip Radcliff to break an 8-8 tie as the Chicago White Sox scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the St. Louis Browns 9-8 before 9,072 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis.

Lon Warneke pitched a 1-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Bill Lee as the St. Louis Cardinals shut out the Chicago Cubs 2-0 before 11,479 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Stan Hack singled to lead off the 7th inning with the only Chicago hit. Mr. Lee pitched a 7-hit complete game.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's Love-Love-Love--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians with Skip Nelson and the Lombardo Trio (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); San Fernando Valley--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and His Orchestra (Jukebox--1st week at #1)

Died on this date
Bernardino Machado, 93
. 3rd President of Portugal, 1915-1917; 8th President of Portugal, 1925-1926; Prime Minister of Portugal, 1914, 1921. Mr. Machado, a native of Rio de Janeiro, moved to Portugal at the age of 9. He was originally a member of the Democratic Party, but switched to the Republican Party in the mid-1900s. Mr. Machado's presidencies both ended in coups, and both times he went into exile in France. When the Nazia insvaded France in 1940, Mr. Machado was permitted to return to Portugal, living under virtual house arrest at his retreat in Famalicão.

German U-Boats sank the Royal Canadian Navy destroyer HMCS Athabaskan off the coast of France, while HMCS Haida drove a flaming German warship aground. British agent Nancy Wake, a leading figure in the French Resistance and the Gestapo's most wanted person, parachuted back into France to become a liaison between London and the local maquis group.

Politics and government
U.S. Army General Douglas MacArthur announced from New Guinea that he would not accept a nomination as a candidate for President of the United States in the November 1944 election.

As the U.S. National War Labor Board opened hearings to determine whether a Congress of Industrial Organizations union represented the workers at Montgomery Ward, U.S. Army troops left the company's Chicago plant. The Army had been sent to take over the plant after Montgomery Ward had refused to obey an order from U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to recognize a CIO union.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Mysterious Picture, starring Marc Daniels, Hugo Haas, and Mark Stevens

World events
Maier Bobrovsky, the first Soviet Jew to be granted an emigration visa to Israel, arrived in Prague on his way to the Middle East.

The U.S. Civil Aeronautics Board issued the nation's first four charters for regular air freight service.

Economics and finance
Italy established formal trade relations with West Germany by signing a 1-year, $60-million commercial agreement.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Kenneth Anderson, 67
. Indian-born U.K. military officer and politician. General Sir Kenneth served in both world wars, and was best known for commanding the British First Army during Operation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa and the subsequent Tunisian Campaign. He served as Governor of Gibraltar from 1947-1952. General Sir Kenneth died of pneumonia.

Charles Mergendahl, 40. U.S. author. Mr. Mergendahl wrote about a dozen novels, but was best known for The Bramble Bush (1958), which was an expose in the vein of the recently-published Peyton Place (1956). Mr. Mergendahl died of a reported fall at his New York home, although it has been speculated that he may have committed suicide; his death occurred just a month after the beginning of filming of The Bramble Bush.

Western foreign ministers, beginning two days of talks in Paris, reached a tentative agreement on a "package" German settlement plan based on continuation of the four-power Berlin occupation; a non-aggression pact between East and West Germany; and the creation of an East-West commission to examine proposals for ensuring European security.

Politics and government
The Iraqi Communist Party issued a manifesto demanding the inclusion of Communists in Prime Minister Abdul Karim el-Kassem's cabinet along with other "loyal democratic parties and forces."

The University of California Radiation Laboratory released a detailed report of U.S. high-altitude nuclear tests carried out the previous summer under Project Argus.

A Spanish airliner crashed near Cuenca, Spain, killing 28 passengers and crewmen.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Sorry Suzanne--The Hollies (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
John Foti, 41
. Canadian wrestler. Mr. Foti, born John Fotie in Regina, moved to Hamilton as a teenager, and began his professional career in Ontario and New York in the mid-1950s before going back to western Canada, working with Stampede Wrestling through the 1960s. When he wasn't wrestling, Mr. Foti was a skilled oil painter, mainly of landscapes and nature scenes. Mr. Foti fought such notable wrestlers as Whipper Billy Watson and Lou Thesz, but he became a heavy drinker, and by the late 1960s was regarded as unreliable. He committed suicide in Calgary with an overdose of sleeping pills on a night he was scheduled to wrestle in Regina.

Israeli helicopter-borne commandos attacked the Nag Hammadi dam and bridge, Idfu bridge, and the high-voltage power station near Luxor, Egypt.

Politics and government
Former French Prime Minister Georges Pompidou announced his candidacy for President to succeed the departed Charles de Gaulle, and was immediately endorsed by the Union for the Defense of the Republic, the Gaullist party.

Stanley Cup
St. Louis 1 @ Montreal 3 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Dick Duff's powerplay goal at 9:07 of the 2nd period proved to be the winner as the Canadiens beat the Blues at the Montreal Forum. Larry Keenan scored on a powerplay with 10:40 remaining in regulation time to break up Rogie Vachon's bid for a shutout.

Los Angeles 88 @ Boston 89 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

With 7 seconds remaining in regulation time and the Lakers leading by 1 point, Elgin Baylor was ruled to have stepped out of bounds with the ball, turning the ball over to the Celtics. Sam Jones then scored a field goal at the final buzzer to give Boston the win. Jerry West of the Lakers led all scorers with 40 points, while teammate Wilt Chamberlain scored just 8 points, missing 9 of 11 free throws, although he grabbed 31 rebounds. John Havlicek led the Celtics with 21 points, with Larry Siegfried adding 20.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Heart of Glass--Blondie

#1 single in Switzerland: One Way Ticket--Eruption (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Muhsin Ertuğrul, 87
. Turkish actor and director. Mr. Ertuğrul began his acting career on stage in 1909, and appeared in and directed numerous films from 1919 through the 1950s.

Politics and government
Concentration of People's Forces candidate Jaime Roldós Aguilera was elected President of Ecuador in that country's first free elections since imposition of military rule in 1972. The second round of voting gave him 68.5% of the vote to 31.5% for Social Christian Party candidate Sixto Durán Ballén. After the first round of voting on July 16, 1978, Mr. Aguilera was leading with 27.7% of the vote.

A U.S. National Academy of Sciences study predicted 2,000 fatalities linked to atomic energy in the United States by 2000, with one in every 1,000 Americans likely to develop cancer from combined radiation sources.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Like a Prayer--Madonna (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Like a Prayer--Madonna (4th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Megamix--Boney M. (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Eternal Flame--Bangles (3rd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Eternal Flame--Bangles (3rd week at #1)
2 The Look--Roxette
3 Too Many Broken Hearts--Jason Donovan
4 Like a Prayer--Madonna
5 Straight Up--Paula Abdul
6 Kokomo--The Beach Boys
7 Alles Kan Een Mens Gelukkig Maken--René Froger & Het Goede Doel
8 Paradise City--Guns N' Roses
9 When Love Comes to Town--U2 with B.B. King
10 This Time I Know it's for Real--Donna Summer

Singles entering the chart were I Beg Your Pardon by Kon Kan (#26); Keep On Movin by Soul II Soul (#27); Ordinary Lives by the Bee Gees (#33); Into Temptation by Crowded House (#35); and If You Don't Know Me by Now by Simply Red (#37).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
3 Funky Cold Medina--Tone Loc
4 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
5 Heaven Help Me--Deon Estus (with George Michael)
6 The Look--Roxette
7 Second Chance--Thirty Eight Special
8 Real Love--Jody Watley
9 After All--Cher and Peter Cetera
10 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul

Singles entering the chart were Pop Singer by John Mellencamp (#54); Baby Don't Forget My Number by Milli Vanilli (#62); I Won't Back Down by Tom Petty (#75); For the Love of Money by BulletBoys (#87); Who Do You Give Your Love To? by Michael Morales (#88); Down Boys by Warrant (#90); and The Mayor of Simpleton by XTC (#92).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Like a Prayer--Madonna (2nd week at #1)
2 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
3 Funky Cold Medina--Tone Loc
4 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals
5 Heaven Help Me--Deon Estus (with George Michael)
6 The Look--Roxette
7 Second Chance--Thirty Eight Special
8 Girl You Know it's True--Milli Vanilli
9 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
10 Real Love--Jody Watley

Singles entering the chart were Pop Singer by John Cougar Mellencamp (#60); Baby Don't Forget My Number by Milli Vanilli (#65); This Time I Know it's for Real by Donna Summer (#70); I Won't Back Down by Tom Petty (#75); Now You're in Heaven by Julian Lennon (#80); The Mayor of Simpleton by XTC (#85); Anything Can Happen by Was (Not Was) (#88); and Down Boys by Warrant (#95).

U.S. pro-life advocate and former abortionist Dr. Bernard Nathanson spoke at Universiade Pavilion in Edmonton and screened the documentary film The Silent Scream. The following day's edition of the Edmonton Journal didn't give the event the coverage it deserved, despite the large crowd in attendance. The Journal put its article on Dr. Nathanson's presentation deep inside the paper--appropriately, on the page where the birth and death announcements appeared.

Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Philadelphia 4 @ Pittsburgh 1 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-2)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Without You--Mariah Carey (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Watch Your House for Ireland--Coca-Cola Official Irish Team

World events
An estimated 250,000 people crossed the border from Rwanda to Tanzania, fleeing the ethnic bloodshed in Rwanda between Hutus and Tutsis.

Politics and government
Four days of voting in South Africa's first general-suffrage election concluded, with 19 parties contesting a 400-seat National Assembly and a 90-seat Senate. Results were announced a week later.

The Nova Scotia provincial legislature in Halifax was disrupted by a demonstration by construction workers who were angry about a recent decision by the Liberal government of Premier John Savage to allow non-union workers on union construction sites. The protesters invaded the Legislature building and the Speaker cancelled the session as MLAs were escorted from the building.

Stanley Cup
Division Semi-Finals
Montreal 3 @ Boston 5 (Boston won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Buffalo 1 @ New Jersey 2 (New Jersey won best-of-seven series 4-3)

20 years ago

World events
At the urging of Yasser Arafat, Palestinian leaders abandoned the plan to declare statehood on May 4, in advance of Israeli elections.

NATO forces bombed the Yugoslavian army headquarters and Defense Ministry in Belgrade.

The 18-year-old girlfriend of Columbine High School killer Dylan Kliebold admitted that she had bought the rifle and two shotguns used in the April 20 attack at gun shows.

The Kansas City Royals scored 7 runs in the 9th inning as they beat the Baltimore Orioles 15-5 before 34,347 fans at Oriole Park at Camden Yards in Baltimore. Kansas City right fielder Jermaine Dye hit a single, double, and triple, scoring 3 runs and driving in 4, while catcher Tim Spehr drove in 4 runs with a single and 3-run home run.

The Seattle Mariners scored 11 runs in the 5th inning and 6 in the 6th as they overcame a 6-1 deficit to rout the Detroit Tigers 22-6 before 22,078 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle. Ken Griffey, Jr. drove in 6 runs for Seattle, hitting 2 home runs, including a grand slam in the 5th. Seattle third baseman Russ Davis batted 3 for 5 with 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 5 runs batted in.

The Anaheim Angels scored 7 runs in the first inning and 5 in the 3rd en route to a 17-1 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 18,346 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Andy Sheets hit a grand slam in the 1st and drove in 5 of the Angels' runs. Roy Halladay started on the mound for Toronto and allowed 9 hits, 3 bases on balls, and 11 runs--all earned--in 2 1/3 innings.

J.T. Snow singled home Jeff Kent with the eventual deciding run as the San Francisco Giants edged the Montreal Expos 6-5 before 5,253 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. Mr. Snow batted 4 for 5 with a triple and 4 runs batted in. The Expos scored a run in the bottom of the 9th and had the potential tying run on second base with 2 out, but Mike Mordecai struck out to end the game. The Giants made 6 errors, contributing to 3 unearned Montreal runs.

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