Monday, 13 May 2019

May 13, 2019

1,130 years ago

Died on this date
Ling, 32 or 33
. Emperor of China, 168-189. Ling, born Liu Hong, was chosen to succeed Emperor Huan, who had died without a successor. Emperor Ling's reign was characterized by domination of the government by corrupt eunuchs, weakening the Han dynasty. He died after a long illness, and was succeeded by his son Liu Bian, known as Emperor Shao.

400 years ago

Died on this date
Johan van Oldenbarnevelt, 71
. Dutch politician. Mr. van Oldenbarnevelt was an important figure in the struggle for the Netherlands' independence from Spain, but he sided with the Arminians against the Calvinists, who were in control of the Dutch government, and he was beheaded in The Hague, two days after being convicted of treason.

320 years ago

Born on this date
Sebastião José de Carvalho e Melo, 1st Marquis of Pomba
l. Secretary of the State of Internal Affairs of the Kingdom of Portugal, 1756-1777. The Marquis of Pombal served in the government of King José I as Secretary of Stte of Foreign Affairs and War from 1750-1756, and then as Secretary of the State of Internal Affairs of the Kingdom (Prime Minister). He was best known for his leadership in the aftermath of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake. The Marquis of Pombal ran afoul of José I's successor Queen Maria I, and died on May 8, 1782, five days before his 83rd birthday.

240 years ago

Russian and French mediators at the Congress of Teschen negotiated an end to the War of the Bavarian Succession between the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and the Kingdom of Prussia. In the agreement, Austria received the part of its territory that had been taken from it (the Innviertel).

160 years ago

King's College in Fredericton was granted a charter as the University of New Brunswick.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Ásgeir Ásgeirsson
. Prime Minister of Iceland, 1932-1934; President of Iceland, 1952-1968. Mr. Ásgeirsson was first elected to the Althing in 1923 as a member of the Progressive Party, taking office as Finance Minister in 1931 and as Prime Minister in 1932. He left the Progressive Party in 1934, and some time as an independent, joined the Social Democratic Party. After defeating two candidates to win the 1952 presidential election, Mr. Ásgeirsson ran unopposed in 1956, 1960, and 1964. He declined to run for a fifth term in 1968, and died on September 15, 1972 at the age of 78.

120 years ago

Philadelphia Phillies' outfielder Ed Delahanty, who had hit 4 home runs in a game in 1896, collected 4 doubles in a 9-0 win over the New York Giants at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia, becoming the only player to hold both records.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Ken Darby
. U.S. composer and conductor. Mr. Darby was known for his film scores, and was nominated for six Academy Awards, sharing with Alfred Newman for The King and I (1956) and Camelot (1967), and with Andre Previn for Porgy and Bess (1959). He died on January 24, 1992 at the age of 82.

The first Giro d'Italia started from Milan. Italian cyclist Luigi Ganna was the winner.

The Boston Doves scored a run in the bottom of the 13th inning to defeat the Cincinnati Reds 3-2 before 3,769 fans at South End Grounds in Boston.

Christy Mathewson of the New York Giants pitched a 4-hitter to defeat Ruby Kroh and the Chicago Cubs 4-1 at the Polo Grounds in New York.

The Boston Red Sox had 17 hits--4 by Harry Hooper--as they beat Cy Young and the Cleveland Naps 8-1 at League Park in Cleveland. Winning pitcher Cy Morgan pitched a 5-hitter for his first win of the season after four losses.

The Washington Nationals and Chicago White Sox played to a 1-1 tie at South Side Park in Chicago in a game that was called because of darkness after 17 innings. Chicago pitcher Doc White pitched a complete game, allowing 6 hits, while getting 2 hits of his own and driving in the Chicago run in the 5th inning.

100 years ago

The first Manitoba Music Competition Festival took place in Winnipeg, with 2,500 performers taking part; it's still sponsored by the Men's Musical Club today.

52 unions joined the metal trades workers, setting the stage for the Winnipeg general strike that paralyzed essential services in the city. Winnipeg City Council refused to accept the strikers' proposal without their own amendments, specifically the Fowler Amendment, which read that "all persons employed by the City should express their willingness to execute an agreement, undertaking that they will not either collectively or individually at any time go on strike but will resort to arbitration as a means of settlement of all grievances and differences which may not be capable of amicable settlement."

90 years ago

Died on this date
George Stallings, 61
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Stallings was a utility player with the Brooklyn Bridegrooms (1890) and Philadelphia Phillies (1897-1898), batting .100 with no home runs or runs batted in in 7 games. He managed the Phillies (1897-1898); Detroit Tigers (1901); New York Highlanders (1909-1910); and Boston Braves (1913-1920), compiling a record of 879-898. He was best known for managing the Braves from last place on July 15, 1914 to the National League pennant and a shocking 4-game sweep of the Philadelphia Athletics in the World Series, earning the team the nickname "The Miracle Braves." Mr. Stallings was credited with being the first manager to use platooning as a deliberate offensive strategy. He also helped bring the Montreal Royals into the International League in 1928, but fell ill with heart disease, and when asked by a doctor why his health had broken, reportedly replied, "Bases on balls, you son of a bitch, bases on balls."

Willis Hudlin pitched a 6-hit complete game for the Cleveland Indians as they edged the New Yankees 4-3 at League Park in Cleveland in the first major league game in which both teams wore numbers on their uniform backs. The loss was the third in a row for the Yankees after 6 straight wins.

The Detroit Tigers scored all their runs in the 7th inning as they defeated the Philadelphia Athletics 5-3 at Navin Field in Detroit.

Bernie Friberg doubled home 3 runs with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to climax a 4-run rally and give the Philadelphia Phillies a 10-9 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 4,000 fans at Baker Bowl in Philadelphia. Jim Bottomley batted 4 for 5 with a triple, 2 runs, and 5 runs batted in for the Cardinals, who led 8-2 after 6 1/2 innings. Losing pitcher Bill Doak allowed 5 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 2 innings of relief, walking 2 batters and striking out 1 in the 453rd and last game of his 16-year major league career.

Dolf Luque pitched a 6-hitter and batted 2 for 4 with his first home run of the season, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in to lead the Cincinnati Reds over the New York Giants 7-0 at the Polo Grounds in New York.

80 years ago

The Detroit Tigers and St. Louis Browns made a 10-player trade, one of the biggest of the 1930s. The Browns traded Bobo Newsom, Beau Bell‚ Red Kress‚ and Jim Walkup; the Tigers gave up Vern Kennedy‚ Bob Harris‚ George Gill‚ Roxie Lawson‚ Chet Laabs‚ and Mark Christman. Mr. Newsom, 3-1 with the Browns in 1939, went 17-10 with the Tigers that year to finish at 20-11. Mr. Kennedy, 0-3 with Detroit, went 9-17 with the Browns to lead the American League in losses.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Love You--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and His Orchestra (Best Seller--2nd week at #1); San Fernando Valley--Bing Crosby with John Scott Trotter and His Orchestra (Jukebox--3rd week at #1)

Allied troops advanced up to six miles along the Gustav Line in Italy. Chinese troops captured Suiping on the Peking-Hankow railway, cutting the Japanese hold on that line. Chinese forces launched a new drive on the Japanese bases of Kamaing, Mogaung, and Myitkyina in northern Burma.

The Argentine province of Entre Rios expropriated the Compania de Electricidad del Este Argentina, a subsidiary of the American & Foreign Power Company.

Horse racing
Pensive, with Conn McCreary up, won his second straight Triple Crown race, taking the 69th running of the Preakness Stakes at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:59 1/5; Platter placed second.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Your Show Time, hosted and narrated by Arthur Shields, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Marquise, starring Leif Erickson and Elizabeth Fraser

Politics and government
U.S. President Harry Truman nominated Omaha lawyer Francis Matthews to succeed John Sullivan as Secretary of the Navy. The U.S. Office of the Defense Secretary established a Medical Services Division as the first step toward unifying military medicine.

The University of Florida rejected the admissions applications of five Negroes after all rejected an offer of state scholarships to study at out-of-state institutions.

The price of Wyoming crude oil dropped 23c per barrel.

Economics and finance
General Electric reduced prices of television tubes by $3-$10.

A truck carrying carbon disulphide exploded in New York's Holland Tunnel, causing 26 injuries and extensive damage, including a communications tie-up resulting from the destruction of telephone and telegraph cables. The tunnel itself remained sound.

60 years ago

The foreign ministers of the U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., and France delivered their opening addresses to the Geneva conference.

The Portuguese government allowed opposition writer Henrique Galvao to leave the Argentine embassy in Lisbon and fly to exile in Argentina.

World events
European residents of Algiers obeyed rightist orders and boycotted official ceremonies marking the 1958 Algiers coup.

Politics and government
The U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Committee approved the nomination of C. Douglas Dillon as Undersecretary of State.

Newfoundland Premier Joey Smallwood announced plans to build a new campus for Memorial University.

Warren Spahn of the Milwaukee Braves became the third lefthander in National League history to record 250 career wins as he beat the St. Louis Cardinals 3-2, winning the pitchers' duel over Larry Jackson before 8,737 fans at Busch Stadium in St. Louis.

Glen Hobbie pitched a 3-hitter and Ernie Banks hit a grand slam as part of a 7-run 3rd inning as the Chicago Cubs routed the Cincinnati Reds 10-0 before 3,705 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Sam Jones pitched a 2-hitter and Willie Mays hit a 3-run home run to begin the scoring in a 5-run 1st inning as the San Francisco Giants shut out the Philadelphia Phillies 6-0 before 5,128 fans at Seals Stadium in San Francisco. Willie Jones broke up Mr. Jones' bid for a no-hitter when he singled with 2 out in the 7th inning. Leon Wagner accounted for the final run with a homer in the 3rd inning.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Get Back/Don't Let Me Down--The Beatles with Billy Preston (2nd week at #1)

Politics and government
Negro civil rights activist Charles Evers, 48, defeated a white incumbent to win the Democratic nomination for mayor of Fayette, Mississippi. Mr. Evers' campaign was a focal point of Negroes' efforts to win political offices throughout the state. Winning the nomination was tantamount to election for Mr. Evers since he was not being opposed in the June election.

British Prime Minister dismissed Home Secretary James Callaghan from his cabinet in a move seen as an attempt by Mr. Wilson to shore up his authority amid grim financial and political news. The two men had clashed over legislation providing mild curbs on wildcat strikes.

The Calgary Stampeders named Jim Duncan as head coach, succeeding Jerry Williams, who had left after four seasons to become head coach of the Philadelphia Eagles. Mr. Duncan, a former defensive end with the New York Giants (1950-1955), was an assistant coach with the Saskatchewan Roughriders from 1965-1968, helping the Roughriders win the Grey Cup in 1966.

The Chicago Cubs tied the modern National League record for the most lopsided shutout, whipping the expansion San Diego Padres 19-0 before 5,080 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. First baseman Ernie Banks led the way with a pair of 3-run home runs and a double. The 7-RBI performance included his 1,500th career run batted in. Second baseman Nate Oliver added a home run, as did center fielder Don Young. Dick Selma pitched a 3-hitter against his former teammates, while Dick Kelley took the loss. Ferguson Jenkins and Ken Holtzman had pitched the first two shutouts of the series. Leon Everitt, the third of five San Diego pitchers, allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--all earned--with 4 walks and 3 strikeouts in 4 innings in his sixth and last major league game. Former Cub Chris Krug caught the last 2 innings for the Padres and struck out in the only plate appearance of the 79th and last game of his 3-year major league career.

The Houston Astros scored 5 runs in the 3rd inning and 4 in the 8th as they beat the Montreal Expos 10-3 before 11,033 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal.

The San Francisco Giants scored 8 runs in the 4th inning and withstood a 4-run 7th inning rally to defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 11-8 before 5,846 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

Tony Horton batted 3 for 4 with 2 home runs, a base on balls, 2 runs, and 4 runs batted in to help the Cleveland Indians defeat the Kansas City Royals 8-6 before 11,500 fans at Municipal Stadium in Kansas City. The Indians scored 5 runs in the top of the 5th inning to take a 7-2 lead, but Jackie Hernandez hit a 3-run homer for the Royals in the bottom of the inning to make the score 7-5.

Rod Carew hit a 2-run inside-the-park home run and Leo Cardenas singled home Ted Uhlaender later in the bottom of the 8th inning as the Minnesota Twins scored 3 runs to defeat the Baltimore Orioles 5-3 before 13,737 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

Danny Cater doubled home Reggie Jackson to tie the score and Rick Monday followed with a single to score Mr. Cater with the winning run as the Oakland Athletics scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 8th inning to offset Carl Yastrzemski's 2-run home run in the top of the 8th and defeated the Boston Red Sox 5-4 before 7,873 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

Paul Casanova singled home Ken McMullen with 1 out in the top of the 10th inning to break a 1-1 tie as the Washington Senators edged the California Angels 2-1 before 7,748 fans at Anaheim Stadium. California starting pitcher Andy Messersmith allowed just 4 hits in 8 innings, with Mike Epstein's 1st-inning home run as the only run against him.

Jerry McNertney's 3-run home run in the 4th inning helped the Seattle Pilots defeat the New York Yankees 5-3 in front of 19,072, the largest crowd of the season at Sick's Stadium in Seattle. The Yankees scored a run in the 9th and had runners on first and second bases with 1 out, but relief pitcher Diego Segui struck out Billy Cowan and retired Bobby Cox on a fly to right field to end the game.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Heart of Glass--Blondie (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: One Way Ticket--Eruption (4th week at #1)

World events
The chief of Iran's revolutionary courts called for the assassination of the deposed Shah, his family, and former political leaders under his regime. Other Islamic leaders limited death sentences to those "proved to have killed others."

Politics and government
Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau, Progressive Conservative leader Joe Clark, and New Democratic Party leader Ed Broadbent participated in a nationally-televised debate, nine days before the Canadian federal election. Mr. Clark, considered a lightweight by many, more than held his own with Mr. Trudeau, who was widely considered to be a master of the television medium. It was the second such debate in Canadian federal electoral history; the first took place in 1968.

Stanley Cup
New York Rangers 4 @ Montreal 1 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Ron Greschner's goal with 5:33 remaining in the 1st period proved to be the winner as the Rangers upset the Canadiens at the Montreal Forum. Bunny Larocque played goal for Montreal in the 3rd period, the only time in Ken Dryden's 8-year career with the Canadiens that he wasn't in goal during the playoffs.

Avco World Trophy
Winnipeg 3 @ Edmonton 2 (Winnipeg led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Canadian junior
Memorial Cup
Peterborough 2 Brandon 1 (OT)

Dan Driessen and newly-acquired Paul Blair each hit a home run off John Candelaria to help the Cincinnati Reds defeat the Pittsburgh Pirates 7-3 before 10,253 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh. Phil Garner had 3 hits for the Pirates, including a home run, but also made 2 errors.

Joe Niekro pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Mike Krukow as the Houston Astros shut out the Chicago Cubs 3-0 before 13,604 fans at the Astrodome.

Joe Ferguson's 2-run home run climaxed a 4-run 1st inning for the Los Angeles Dodgers as they beat the Montreal Expos 8-2 before 47,596 fans at Dodger Stadium.

The Philadelphia Phillies scored 3 runs in each of the 4th and 6th innings and 5 in the 8th as they beat the San Francisco Giants 12-3 before 32,585 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.

Gene Richards singled home Dan Briggs with 2 out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the San Diego Padres a 5-4 win over the New York Mets before 12,245 fans at San Diego Stadium. San Diego starter Randy Jones became the first pitcher in the Padres' 11-history to steal a base, when he stole second in the 3rd inning after reaching first base on an error. Mr. Jones singled in the 4th.

The New York Yankees scored 3 runs in the 7th inning and 5 in the 8th to take a 12-3 lead, and withstood a 7-run 9th inning rally to defeat the California Angels 12-10 before 30,083 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Angels scored their 9th-inning runs before any outs were recorded, but Ken Clay retired Joe Rudi and Terry Humphrey on ground outs, and struck out Bobby Grich to end the game.

The Texas Rangers scored 7 runs in the top of the 8th inning and held on to defeat the Toronto Blue Jays 7-5 to gain a split of their doubleheader before 16,531 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. Otto Velez hit a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 8th and the Blue Jays scored a run in the 9th and had runners on first and second bases with 2 out, but Sparky Lyle came in to pitch and retired Bob Bailor on a fly to center field to end the game. Mark Lemongello pitched an 8-hit complete game to win the pitchers' duel over Doyle Alexander as the Blue Jays won the first game 3-1. For Mr. Lemongello, it was his first win of the season after four straight losses, and the last of his major league career.

Willie Wilson hit the first of his 5 inside-the-park home runs of 1979 to help the Kansas City Royals beat the Chicago White Sox 14-5 before 20,100 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

The Cleveland Indians scored all their runs in the 6th inning as they overcame a 2-0 deficit to edge the Minnesota Twins 3-2 before 10,172 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Like a Prayer--Madonna (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Eternal Flame--Bangles

#1 single in France (SNEP): Megamix--Boney M. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Hand on Your Heart--Kylie Minogue

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Eternal Flame--Bangles (5th week at #1)
2 The Look--Roxette
3 Wonderful--Patty and Shift
4 Paradise City--Guns N' Roses
5 Too Many Broken Hearts--Jason Donovan
6 This is Your Land--Simple Minds
7 I Beg Your Pardon--Kon Kan
8 Me Myself and I--De La Soul
9 Kokomo--The Beach Boys
10 Turn the World Around--Golden Earring

Singles entering the chart were Lolly Lolly by Wendy & Lisa (#24); I'll Be There for You by Bon Jovi (#28); Americanos by Holly Johnson (#30); Good Thing by Fine Young Cannibals (#32); and Heaven Help Me by Deon Estus (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
2 Like a Prayer--Madonna
3 Real Love--Jody Watley
4 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
5 Soldier of Love--Donny Osmond
6 After All--Cher and Peter Cetera
7 Funky Cold Medina--Tone Loc
8 Rock On--Michael Damian
9 Patience--Guns n' Roses
10 Wind Beneath My Wings--Bette Midler

Singles entering the chart were Send Me an Angel '89 by Real Life (#72); Crazy About Her by Rod Stewart (#74); Fascination Street by the Cure (#77); We Can Last Forever by Chicago (#84); I Like It by Dino (#89); I Want it All by Queen (#92); Now You're in Heaven by Julian Lennon (#93); Once Bitten Twice Shy by Great White (#94); and (Between A) Rock and a Hard Place by Cutting Crew (#96).

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I'll Be There for You--Bon Jovi
2 Real Love--Jody Watley
3 Like a Prayer--Madonna
4 Forever Your Girl--Paula Abdul
5 Funky Cold Medina--Tone Loc
6 Heaven Help Me--Deon Estus (with George Michael)
7 Second Chance--Thirty Eight Special
8 Cult of Personality--Living Colour
9 After All--Cher and Peter Cetera
10 She Drives Me Crazy--Fine Young Cannibals

Singles entering the chart were I Like It by Dino (#75); I Want it All by Queen (#78); Send Me an Angel '89 by Real Life (#82); and (Between A) Rock and a Hard Place by Cutting Crew (#88).

Died on this date
Al Reiss, 80
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Reiss was a shortstop who batted .200 (1 for 5) with 1 run batted in in 9 games with the Philadelphia Athletics in 1932.

A painting by artist Jean-Paul Riopelle sold for U.S.$4 million, a record sum for a Canadian artist.

Former Royal Air Force pilot Jackie Mann, 74, was feared kidnapped in Beirut by the Hezbollah organization.

Large groups of students occupied Tiananmen Square in Beijing and began a hunger strike.

Politics and government
Scott Thorkelson, Member of Parliament for Edmonton Strathcona, hosted a town hall meeting in his riding.

Canadian Junior
Memorial Cup @ Saskatchewan Place, Saskatoon
Swift Current 4 Saskatoon 3 (OT)

An overflow crowd of more than 11,000 saw the Western Hockey League champion Broncos edge the host Blades. The head coach of the Broncos was Graham James, who was later convicted of sexually molesting several players, including Broncos' right wing Sheldon Kennedy, who was named to the tournament's all-star team.

Kirby Puckett tied a major league single-game record with 4 doubles as he helped his Minnesota Twins defeat the Toronto Blue Jays 10-8 before 29,712 fans at Hubert H. Humphrey Metrodome in Minneapolis.

Alvin Davis drove in 5 runs with a home run and a double to help the Seattle Mariners beat the Boston Red Sox 14-6 before 29,689 fans at the Kingdome in Seattle.

The Oakland Athletics withstood a 3-run 9th inning rally and held on to defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 4-3 before 33,053 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

With 2 out and nobody on base in the bottom of the 9th inning, Mike Fitzgerald singled, stole second base, and scored on a single by Spike Owen to give the Montreal Expos a 5-4 win over the San Francisco Giants before 13,029 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal.

Pinch hitter Dave Magadan singled home Lenny Dykstra with the bases loaded and 2 out in the bottom of the 11th inning to give the New York Mets a 4-3 win over the San Diego Padres before 46,484 fans at Shea Stadium in New York.

Larry McWilliams pitched a 5-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Tim Belcher as the Philadelphia Phillies shut out the Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 before 30,294 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Mr. Belcher allowed 3 hits and 1 run--earned--in 6 innings.

Bob Knepper allowed 3 hits in 7 innings to win the pitchers' duel over Greg Maddux, who pitched a 3-hit complete game, as the Houston Astros edged the Chicago Cubs 1-0 before 27,775 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. Gerald Young had 2 of the Houston hits, singling to lead off the game, and then singling home Rafael Ramirez, who had led off the 8th inning with a double, to drive in the only run.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Without You--Mariah Carey (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
The Late Show with David Letterman, on CBS

Johnny Carson, who hosted Tonight on NBC from 1962-1992, was one of Mr. Letterman's guests in what turned out to be Mr. Carson's last appearance on television.

Died on this date
Duncan Hamilton, 74
. U.K. auto racing driver. Mr. Hamilton was known for his success at the 24 Hours of Le Mans in the 1950s, especially with partner Tony Rolt from 1950-1955. The pair won the event in 1953, reportedly under the influence of alcohol. Mr. Hamilton died of lung cancer.

John Swainson, 68. Canadian-born U.S. politician and judge. Mr. Swainson, a native of Windsor, Ontario, moved with his family to Port Huron, Michigan at the age of 2, and lost both legs in a landmine explosion while serving with the U.S. Army in France during World War II. A Democrat, he was a member of the Michigan Senate (1954-1959); Lieutenant Governor of Michigan (1959-1961); and Governor of Michigan (1961-1963). Mr. Swainson was defeated in the 1962 gubernatorial election by Republican challenger George Romney, and served as a judge on the Michigan Circuit Court (1965-1971) and Michigan Supreme Court (1971-1975). His judicial career ended when he was accused of accepting a bribe from a felon who was seeking the Court's review of his case. Justice Swainson was acquitted, but was convicted of perjury over his testimony to the grand jury, resulting in a short prison sentence and a three-year suspension from the practice of law, amid accusations from some that he was the victim of an overzealous prosecutor. Mr. Swainson dedicated himself to the preservation of Michigan history in later years, and died of a heart attack.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Gene Sarazen, 97
. U.S. golfer. Mr. Sarazen, born Eugenio Saraceni and nicknamed "The Squire," was one of the top golfers of the 1920s and '30s, winning 49 professional tournaments, including 7 majors: U.S. Open (1922, 1932); P.G.A. Championship (1922, 1923, 1933); British Open (1932); and Masters (1935). He shot a hole-in-one at the 1973 British Open, when he was 71. Mr. Sarazen had what remains the longest-running endorsement contract in sports, with Wilson Sporting Goods from 1923 until his death, which resulted from pneumonia.

In another accident, NATO forces bombed Korisa, a village in the Yugoslavian province of Kosovo, killing at least 79 ethnic Albanians.

Cleveland Indians' owner Richard Jacobs announced that he was putting the team up for sale.

Stanley Cup
Division Finals
Toronto 3 Pittsburgh 2 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Rusty Greer and Roberto Kelly each batted in 4 runs to help the Texas Rangers defeat the Baltimore Orioles 15-7 before 40,678 fans at the Ballpark in Arlington. The Rangers scored 8 runs in the 4th inning.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Frank Aletter, 83
. U.S. actor. Mr. Aletter appeared in plays and co-starred in the television comedy series Bringing Up Buddy (1960-1961) and It's About Time (1966-1967), but was probably best known for being married to Lee Meriwether (Miss America 1955) from 1958 until their divorce in 1974. He died of cancer.

The Canadian Space Agency announced two new members of its astronaut program: fighter pilot Jeremy Hansen, and Dr. David Saint-Jacques, a physician who also possessed a doctorate in astrophysics.

Quebec Premier Jean Charest announced plans for four new hydro dams on the Romaine River on Quebec's Lower North Shore, to be completed by 2020.

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