Sunday, 12 May 2019

May 12, 2019

330 years ago

King William III of England joined the League of Augsburg in an attempt to halt French expansion under King Louis XIV.

280 years ago

Born on this date
Johann Baptist Wanhal
. Boehmian-born Austrian composer. Mr. Wanhal was an organist who wrote at least 73 symphonies, 95 sacred works, 100 string quartets, and numerous other instrumental and vocal works. He died on August 20, 1813 at the age of 74.

160 years ago

Born on this date
Frank Wilson
. U.K.- born Australian politician. Mr. Wilson represented three different constituencies in the Legislative Assembly of Western Australia at different times from 1897-1917, and served as Premier of Western Australia from 1910-1911 and 1916-1917. He died on December 7, 1918 at the age of 59, after a period of declining health.

William Alden Smith. U.S. politician. Mr. Smith, a Republican, represented Michigan's 5th District in the U.S. Representatives from 1895-1907, and represented the state in the U.S. Senate from 1907-1919. He was best known for chairing the Senate investigation into the sinking of RMS Titanic in 1912. Mr. Smith died on October 11, 1932 at the age of 73.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Carl Schuhmann
. German athlete. Mr. Schuhmann competed in numerous events at the first modern Summer Olympic Games in Athens in 1896, winning three gold medals in men's artistic gymnastics and another in Greco-Roman wrestling, while finishing fourth in the clean and jerk weightlifting event, fifth in triple jump, and competing in shot put and long jump. When the Olympics were held in Berlin in 1936, he participated in a gymnastics exhibition at Olympic Stadium. Mr. Schuhmann died on March 24, 1946 at the age of 66.

140 years ago

The Troy Trojans, who had lost their first 6 National League regular season games, won an exhibition game in Detroit, the opening game at Recreation Park.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Otto Frank
. German-born Swiss banker. Mr. Frank served as a lieutenant with the Imperial German Army during World War I before becoming a banker. When the Nazis took power in Germany in 1933, Mr. Frank fled with his family to the Netherlands. German forces occupied the country in 1940, and Mr. Frank and his family went into hiding; they were betrayed and discovered in 1944, and interned at the Auschwitz prison camp in Poland. Mr. Frank was separated from his wife Edith and daughters Anne and Margot, and when he was liberated in 1945, he discovered that he was the family's sole survivor. Family friend Miep Gies had saved Anne's diary and papers, and gave them to Mr. Frank, who transcribed and oversaw the publication of The Diary of a Young Girl (1947). Mr. Frank eventually remarried and settled in Basel, Switzerland, where he died of lung cancer on August 19, 1980 at the age of 91.

110 years ago

The first use of wireless to transmit baseball results was made by the Columbia University Wireless Club. The proceedings of the game between the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia were relayed from the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia to New York's Waldorf Astoria Hotel‚ where students took the messages. Pennsylvania won 11-0.

100 years ago


After a 0-0 12-inning game the previous day, the New York Yankees and Washington Nationals played to a 4-4 tie in 15 innings before 2,500 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Yankees' leadoff hitter George Halas went hitless for the second straight game, ending his major league career with just 2 hits in 22 at bats. He soon went on to become a founding father of the National Football League.

Larry Doyle hit a solo home run in the top of the 10th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the New York Giants edged the Brooklyn Robins 3-2 before 5,000 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Jesse Barnes pitched a 5-hit complete game victory to improve his 1919 record to 4-0.

Max Carey hit a single, double, and triple for the Pittsburgh Pirates as they defeated the Chicago Cubs 3-2 in 11 innings at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Wilbur Cooper pitched a 7-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Claude Hendrix.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Max Brand, 51
. U.S. author. Mr. Brand, whose real name was Frederick Schiller Faust, wrote several hundred books under various pseudonyms, but was best known for Western novels under the name Max Brand. He created the characters Destry and Dr. Kildare. Mr. Faust was a war correspondent during World War II, and was mortally wounded by shrapnel while travelling with American soldiers in Italy.

A joint Allied statement to Finland, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria warned them to "get out of the war" and "cease aiding Germany." More than 1,000 U.S. planes bombed five synthetic oil plants at Merseburg Lutzendorf and Halle, Germany, and Zeitz and Bruex, Czechoslovakia. Japanese forces cut the Chinese retreat route by slicing the east-west Lung-Hai railway 48 miles west of Loyang.

Politics and government
U.S. Representative Martin Dies (Democrat--Texas), chairman of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, announced that he would not be a candidate in the November 1944 election because of illness and a desire to return to private life.

Packard Motor Company shut down its Detroit plants because of a strike of foremen and the refusal of the armed forces to accept products "in absence of inspection supervision."

70 years ago

At the movies
The Stratton Story, directed by Sam Wood, and starring James Stewart and June Allyson, opened in theatres.

Home of the Brave, co-produced by Stanley Kramer, directed by Mark Robson, and starring Douglas Dick, Frank Lovejoy, and James Edwards, opened in theatres.

World events
The U.S.S.R. ended its blockade of Berlin after 11 months (328 days), giving the U.S.A. an early victory in the Cold War. The Western counter-blockade of movement of goods to and from the Soviet zone of Germany also ended. The U.S.-U.K. airlift to Berlin continued, with the objective of building up a 200,000-ton supply reserve.

The U.K. House of Commons voted for ratification of the North Atlantic Treaty.

Princess Margaret of the United Kingdom visited Pope Pius XII despite protests by British Protestants.

Politics and government
The Western occupying powers approved the Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany.

The U.S. Atomic Energy Commission set up a heated debate in Congress when it announced the award of a $1,600 government fellowship for advanced study in nuclear physics to Hans Freistadt, a naturalized American citizen and member of the Communist Party.

Levi Jackson, the first Negro to be the captain of Yale University's football team, was offered membership in the university's three oldest secret societies.

Economics and finance
The U.S.A. vetoed payment of further war reparations by Japan as detrimental to Japanese economic recovery. Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers (SCAP) in Japan General Douglas MacArthur authorized the reopening of stock exchanges in major Japanese cities.

U.S. President Harry Truman reiterated his support of a $4-billion tax increase despite the growing deflationary trend.

60 years ago

On the radio
Thirty-Minute Theatre: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Carleton Hobbs and Norman Shelley, on BBC Light Programme
Tonight’s episode: The Man with the Twisted Lip

On television tonight
Alcoa Presents: One Step Beyond, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Haunted U-Boat, starring Werner Klemperer, Eric Feldary, Kort Falkenberg, and Wesley Lau

Married on this date
U.K. actress Elizabeth Taylor and U.S. singer Eddie Fisher were married in Las Vegas, 3 1/2 hours after Mr. Fisher had obtained a divorce decree from U.S. actress and singer Debbie Reynolds.

The Iranian government announced that a band of Kurdish tribesmen had crossed into Iran and asked for asylum after fighting Iraqi forces.

U.S. Secretary of State Christian Herter rejected U.S.S.R. Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko's demand that Poland and Czechoslovakia be invited to take part in the foreign ministers conference in Geneva.

The U.S. State Department lifted its ban on travel by American citizens to Bulgaria.

World events
The Indian government reported that 11,500 Tibetan refugees had sought asylum in India and Bhutan.

A Capital Airlines plane en route from New York to Atlanta exploded in flight during a thunderstorm, and crashed near Baltimore, killing all 27 passengers and 4 crew members.

At Yankee Stadium in New York‚ Yankee catcher Yogi Berra's errorless streak of 148 games came to an end when he made an error on his 34th birthday. Mr. Berra did hit a home run‚ as did Elston Howard and Mickey Mantle‚ but New York lost 7-6 to the first-place Cleveland Indians before 36,130 fans at Yankee Stadium. Rocky Colavito led the Cleveland attack, batting 4 for 5 with a home run, 2 doubles, 2 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

Harmon Killebrew hit his 11th and 12th home runs of the season and drove in 5 runs to lead the Washington Senators to a 7-4 win over the Detroit Tigers before 4,234 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Mr. Killebrew was also leading the American League in runs (26) and RBIs (28).

Al Smith hit a 2-run home run with 1 out in the top of the 12th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the Chicago White Sox beat the Boston Red Sox 4-3 in 12 innings before 22,012 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Jackie Jensen's solo home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 12th drew Boston to within a run. Ted Williams, playing his first game of the season for the Red Sox since being sidelined with a neck injury in spring training, went 0 for 5 at bat, with a base on balls.

Earl Averill, Jr.'s pinch-hit grand slam off Lou Burdette with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning gave the Chicago Cubs a 7-3 win over the Milwaukee Braves before 8,288 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago. The blow came just after Mr. Burdette had thrown what he thought was the third strike, only to have the pitch called a ball. The Braves were leading 3-2 going into the bottom of the 9th, but Walt Moryn hit a home run off Mr. Burdette to tie the game. The Cubs then loaded the bases to prepare the way for Mr. Averill's heroics.

The Pittsburgh Pirates scored 3 runs in the top of the 12th inning to break a 3-3 tie, and withstood a 2-run rally in the bottom of the inning to defeat the San Francisco Giants 6-5 before 8,084 fans at Seals Stadium in San Francisco. Orlando Cepeda was on second base with 2 out in the bottom of the 12th, but Jackie Brandt was retired on a foul popup and Daryl Spencer made an out to shortstop to end the game.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Yoake no Scat--Saori Yuki (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Mama--Jean Jacques

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 Hair--The Cowsills
2 You've Made Me So Very Happy--Blood, Sweat & Tears
3 It's Your Thing--The Isley Brothers
4 The Boxer--Simon & Garfunkel
5 Hawaii Five-O--The Ventures
6 Sweet Cherry Wine--Tommy James and the Shondells
7 Gimme Gimme Good Lovin'--Crazy Elephant
8 Time is Tight--Booker T. & the M.G.'s
9 Aquarius/Let the Sunshine In (The Flesh Failures)--The 5th Dimension
10 Love (Can Make You Happy)--Mercy

Singles entering the chart were Oh Happy Day by the Edwin Hawkins Singers (#48); It's Never Too Late by Steppenwolf (#56); Let Me by Paul Revere and the Raiders (#70); Born to Be Wild by Wilson Pickett (#75); Special Delivery by 1910 Fruitgum Co. (#76); Leaning on You by Joe South (#79); Testify (I Wonna) by Johnnie Taylor (#81); Love Theme from Romeo and Juliet by Henry Mancini, his Orchestra and Chorus (#87); I Can't Say No to You by Betty Everett (#89); Never Comes the Day by the Moody Blues (#92); No, No, No, No by Danish Lost and Found (#93); Once Again, She's All Alone by the First Edition (#94); The April Fools by Dionne Warwick (#96); Child of My Sleeping Mind by the Noblemen (#97); Baby, I Love You by Andy Kim (#98); Long Green by the Fireballs (#99); and I Need You Now by Ronnie Dove (#100).

Two days of Communist rocket barrages against American and South Vietnamese military and civilian targets, described as the biggest attacks since the Tet offensive in early 1968, concluded. Terrorists also carried out bomb and grenade attacks--in one, 4 civilians were killed and 19 injured in an explosion at Saigon’s central post office.

An all-white jury in Cleveland, Ohio convicted black nationalist leader Fred "Ahmed" Evans of four counts of first-degree murder of three policemen and a civilian during the Cleveland riots of July 23, 1968. Mr. Evans was sentenced to die in the electric chair on September 22.

A bus and train collided at a rail crossing near Aligarh, India, killing at least 21 and injuring 35.

Bob Gibson pitched a 7-hitter and batted 3 for 3 with a run, 2 runs batted in, and a stolen base to lead the St. Louis Cardinals over the Los Angeles Dodgers 6-2 before 15,767 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. In the 7th inning, Mr. Gibson became the seventh pitcher in National League history to strike out the side on nine pitches, retiring Len Gabrielson, Paul Popovich, and John Miller.

Ferguson Jenkins pitched a 5-hitter, struck out 10 batters, and drove in the winning run with a ground out in the 2nd inning as the Chicago Cubs shut out the San Diego Padres 2-0 before 3,887 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.

Al Oliver singled home Richie Hebner with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Pittsburgh Pirates a 3-2 win over the San Francisco Giants before 3,396 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Manny Sanguillen had doubled with 1 out, but had been thrown out at home plate by right fielder Ken Henderson while trying to score on a single by Mr. Hebner, who went to second base on the throw.

The Seattle Pilots scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning to overcome an early 2-run deficit, and coasted to an 8-4 win over the New York Yankees before 8,763 fans at Sick's Stadium in Seattle. Marty Pattin pitched a 9-hit complete game victory to improve his 1969 record to 5-1, while batting 1 for 4 with a run and a run batted in. New York starting pitcher Al Downing faced just 4 batters, walking the first 3 and then allowing a 3-run double by Tommy Davis.

Tom Murphy and Hoyt Wilhelm combined for a 5-hitter for the California Angels as they edged the Washington Senators 3-2 before 7,619 fans at Anaheim Stadium.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Chiquitita--ABBA

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Il Carrozzone--Renato Zero

#1 single in Ireland: Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Bright Eyes--Art Garfunkel (5th week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Hooray! Hooray! It's a Holi-Holiday--Boney M. (3rd week at #1)
2 I Want You to Want Me--Cheap Trick
3 Stir it Up--Bob Marley & the Wailers
4 One Way Ticket--Eruption
5 Some Girls--Racey
6 Casanova--Luv'
7 In the Navy--Village People
8 Hallelujah--Milk & Honey
9 Save Me--Clout
10 Born to Be Alive--Patrick Hernandez

Singles entering the chart were Does Your Mother Know by ABBA (#18); Pop Muzik by M (#31); Love's What I Want by Cashmere (#36); Music Machine by Inner Circle (#37); and Spank by Jimmy "Bo" Horne (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb (2nd week at #1)
2 Heart of Glass--Blondie
3 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
4 Stumblin' In--Suzi Quatro & Chris Norman
5 In the Navy--Village People
6 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
7 I Want Your Love--Chic
8 Take Me Home--Cher
9 He's the Greatest Dancer--Sister Sledge
10 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons

Singles entering the chart were Boogie Wonderland by Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions (#69); Can't Keep a Good Man Down by Eddie Money (#82); Heart of the Night by Poco (#84); Dance with You by Carrie Lucas (#86); Bustin' Out by Rick James (#89); and Ring My Bell by Anita Ward (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Reunited--Peaches & Herb (2nd week at #1)
2 Heart of Glass--Blondie
3 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
4 In the Navy--Village People
5 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
6 Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)--The Jacksons
7 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
8 He's the Greatest Dancer--Sister Sledge
9 Hot Stuff--Donna Summer
10 Take Me Home--Cher

Singles entering the chart were Boogie Wonderland by Earth, Wind & Fire with the Emotions (#51); Feel the Need by Leif Garrett (#82); Heart of the Night by Poco (#85); Can't Keep a Good Man Down by Eddie Money (#86); My Baby's Baby by Liquid Gold (#89); Is She Really Going Out with Him? by Joe Jackson (#90); and Hair by Don Dacus, Treat Williams, Dorsey Wright and Chorus (#96). Hair was the title song of the movie.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Heart of Glass--Blondie
2 Knock on Wood--Amii Stewart
3 In the Navy--Village People
4 Goodnight Tonight--Wings
5 What a Fool Believes--The Doobie Brothers
6 I Just Fall in Love Again--Anne Murray
7 Reunited--Peaches & Herb
8 Sultans of Swing--Dire Straits
9 He's the Greatest Dancer--Sister Sledge
10 I Want Your Love--Chic

Singles entering the chart were Ain't Love a Bitch by Rod Stewart (#72); She Believes in Me by Kenny Rogers (#77); We are Family by Sister Sledge (#88); You've Lost that Loving Feeling by Long John Baldry and Kathi McDonald (#89); Chuck E.'s in Love by Rickie Lee Jones (#95); Let Go the Line by Max Webster (#97); Don't Believe a Word I Say by Bob Segarini (#98); and Gone Long Gone by Chicago (#100).

Died on this date
Clyde Kluttz, 61
. U.S. baseball player and scout. Mr. Kluttz was a catcher with the Boston Braves (1942-1945); New York Giants (1945-1946); St. Louis Cardinals (1946); Pittsburgh Pirates (1947-1948); St. Louis Browns (1951); and Washington Nationals (1951-1952), batting .268 with 19 home runs and 212 runs batted in in 656 games. He was with the Cardinals when they won the World Series in 1946. Mr. Kluttz spent many years as a scout with the Kansas City Athletics and New York Yankees, and signed Hall of Fame pitcher Catfish Hunter for the Athletics. Mr. Kluttz was director of player development for the Baltimore Orioles from 1976 until his death from heart and kidney ailments.

Documents released under the Freedom of Information Act revealed that it was the policy of the federal government in the United States in the 1950s to play down the possible dangers of radioactive fallout from atomic testing in Nevada in the interest of national security.

English FA Cup Final @ Wembley Stadium, London
Arsenal 3 Manchester United 2

The teams combined for 3 goals in the last 5 minutes of regulation time before 99,219 fans. With Arsenal leading 2-0, Gordon McQueen scored in the 86th minute to get Manchester United on the scoreboard, and Sammy McIlroy scored 2 minutes later to tie the score. Alan Sunderland scored the winning goal a minute later.

The Boston Red Sox amassed 16 hits in defeating the Oakland Athletics 8-2 before 30,617 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. Second baseman Jerry Remy led the attack by going 5 for 5 with a double, run, and 2 runs batted in. Mike Torrez went the distance on the mound for the Red Sox to improve his 1979 record to 4-1.

Jim Wohlford doubled with none out and no one on base in the top of the 9th inning, and pinch hitter Charlie Moore followed with a double to drive him home to break a 2-2 tie as the Milwaukee Brewers edged the Detroit Tigers 3-2 before 19,801 fans at Tiger Stadium.

Keith Hernandez tripled home Jerry Mumphrey with the tying run and scored on a 2-out single by Ken Reitz as the St. Louis Cardinals scored 2 runs in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Atlanta Braves 7-6 before 16,011 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis. The Braves had taken the lead in the top of the 9th when Jerry Royster singled with 2 out and nobody on base, and Gary Matthews followed with a run-scoring double.

Dusty Baker singled home Bill Russell with 1 out in the bottom of the 11th to conclude a 2-run rally as the Los Angeles Dodgers defeated the Montreal Expos 4-3 before 39,310 fans at Dodger Stadium. The Expos had broken a 2-2 tie with a 2-out solo home run by Andre Dawson in the top of the 11th, but Dave Loped homered to lead off the bottom of the inning to tie the score, and Mr. Russell singled, followed by a pair of walks to load the bases.

In the Texas League, Rick Anderson of the Jackson Mets pitched a no-hitter, defeating the Shreveport Captains 8-0.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Looking for Freedom--David Hasselhoff (7th week at #1)

At the movies
Palais Royale, starring Kim Cattrall, Matt Craven, and Dean Stockwell, went into general release. It had first been shown at the Festival of Festivals in Toronto on September 10, 1988.

Ben Johnson, who, while representing Canada at the 1988 Summer Olympic Games in Seoul, had been stripped of his gold medal and world record in the men's 100-metre run after testing positive for a banned substance, admitted to the Dubin Inquiry that he had used anabolic steroids to enhance his performance.

A train derailment in San Bernardino, California killed four people. 13 days later, an underground gasoline pipeline, which had been damaged during cleanup operations from the derailment, exploded and killed two more people.

Rick Reuschel allowed 6 hits and 1 earned run in 8 2/3 innings, improving his 1989 record to 6-2 and picked up his 200th career major league win, as the San Francisco Giants defeated the Montreal Expos 2-1 before 15,851 fans at Olympic Stadium in Montreal. The Expos scored a run in the bottom of the 9th, but with Goose Gossage on the mound in relief of Mr. Reuschel, Otis Nixon was caught attempting to steal second base for the final out of the game. Pascual Perez allowed 8 hits and 1 earned run in 8 innings in taking the loss, dropping to 0-5 for the season.

An error by relief pitcher Roger McDowell led to 2 unearned runs in the top of the 12th inning to break a 2-2 tie as the San Diego Padres defeated the New York Mets 4-3 before 32,530 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. The Mets scored an unearned run in the bottom of the 12th and had a runner on first base with 2 out, but Mookie Wilson grounded out to end the game.

Pinch hitter Billy Beane doubled with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning and Dave Henderson followed with a home run to give the Oakland Athletics a 5-4 win over the Milwaukee Brewers before 30,743 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Inside Your Dreams--U96

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Riverdance--Bill Whelan (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Erik Erikson, 91
. German-born U.S. psychologist. Professor Erikson was a developmental psychologist who believed that people develop through eight stages of life, and was one of the few developmental psychologists whose theories covered a person's life span instead of focusing on childhood. He was famous for coining the phrase "identity crisis."

Si Johnson, 87. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Johnson played with the Cincinnati Reds (1928-1936); St. Louis Cardinals (1936-1938); Philadelphia Phillies (1940-1943, 1946); and Boston Braves (1946-1947), compiling a record of 101-165 with an earned run average of 4.09 in 492 games. He played most of his career with teams that provided him with poor batting support, and twice led the National League in losses. Mr. Johnson was 81-55 in 187 games in 5 seasons in the minor leagues, and was 22-12 with the Rochester Red Wings of the International League in 1939. He was the Braves' pitching coach and batting practice pitcher when they won the National League pennant in 1948.

John Smith, 55. U.K. politician. Mr. Smith was leader of the Labour Party from 1992 until his death from a heart attack. At the time of Mr. Smith's death, Labour was expected to unseat the governing Conservative Party in the next British election, which would have enabled Mr. Smith to become Prime Minister. He was succeeded as Labour Party leader by deputy leader Margaret Beckett, who served on an interim basis until Tony Blair was elected leader two months later.

Easy Goer, 8. U.S. racehorse. Easy Goer won 14 of 20 races, and was the named the American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt in 1988, but was best known for his rivalry with Sunday Silence in the 1989 Triple Crown. Easy Goer finished second behind Sunday Silence in the Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes, and then defeated Sunday Silence by 8 lengths in the second-fastest Belmont Stakes in history. He was retired to stud after the 1990 season, and died of a sudden reaction to an unknown allergen.

Stanley Cup
Division Finals
San Jose 2 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

20 years ago

U.S. Ambassador to China Jim Sasser was finally able to leave the American embassy in Beijing, five days after the U.S. bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade had led to huge anti-American protests in China.

Politics and government
Russian President Boris Yeltsin dismissed Yevgeny Primakov as Premier for what Mr. Yeltsin called his failure to get the economy moving. Mr. Primakov was the third premier to be removed by Mr. Yeltsin in 14 months. Mr. Yeltsin nominated Interior Minister Sergei Stepashin to replace Mr. Primakov.

United States Secretary of the Treasury Robert Rubin announced that he would soon resign. President Bill Clinton promptly announced that he would nominate Deputy Secretary Lawrence Summers to succeed Mr. Rubin.

The United States Senate voted 51-47 to defeat an amendment to the youth violence bill that would have required background checks for all firearms purchases at gun shows. Under existing law only licensed gun dealers were required to conduct such checks.

Pedro Martinez struck out 15 batters for the second straight game, allowing 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings to improve his 1999 record to 7-1, as the Boston Red Sox beat the Seattle Mariners 9-2 before 28,177 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Chuck Finley pitched 8 innings and Troy Percival preserved the game in the 9th inning as the California Angels gave up just 3 hits in defeating the New York Yankees 1-0 before 23,540 fans at Yankee Stadium. Mr. Finley struck out 11, and became the 33rd pitcher in major league history to record 4 strikeouts in an inning, accomplishing the feat in the 3rd. The only run was scored in the 7th when Rafael Palmeiro led off with a base on balls and scored on a 1-out double by Andy Sheets.

The Minnesota Twins scored 5 runs in the first 2 innings as they defeated the Tampa Bay Devil Rays 9-4 before 18,068 fans at Tropicana Field in St. Petersburg. Tampa Bay pitcher Jim Mecir broke his elbow when he collided with pitcher Rick White while shagging balls before the game, and was lost for the season, finishing the year with a 0-1 record and a 2.61 earned run average in 17 games.

David Justice's 2-run single with 2 out climaxed a 3-run rally in the bottom of the 8th inning for the Cleveland Indians as they beat the Baltimore Orioles 6-5 before 42,939 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland.

Andy Fox, Jay Bell, and Matt Williams hit home runs in the bottom of the 9th inning, with Mr. Williams' 2-run blow climaxing a 5-run rally and breaking a 6-6 tie, giving the Arizona Diamondbacks an 8-6 win over the Montreal Expos before 30,753 fans at Bank One Ballpark in Phoenix.

The Los Angeles Dodgers scored a run in the bottom of the 8th inning and 2 in the 9th to defeat the Chicago Cubs 3-2 before 40,007 fans at Dodger Stadium. Pinch runner Tripp Cromer scored the winning run from third base on a wild pitch by Chicago relief pitcher Rod Beck.

10 years ago

Five men from Miami were convicted in a plot to blow up Federal Bureau of Investigation buildings and Chicago's Sears Tower.

Politics and government
Premier Gordon Campbell led his British Columbia Liberal Party to its third consecutive electoral victory, taking 49 of 84 seats in the Legislative Assembly in the British Columbia provincial election. The New Democratic party, led by Carole James, won 35 seats, and one independent candidate was elected. The Liberals total was an increase of three from the most recent election in 2005, while the NDP increased its total by two, as a result of the total number of seats being increased from 80 to 85.

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