Tuesday, 13 July 2021

July 12, 2021

830 years ago

Saladin's garrison surrendered to Philip Augustus, ending the two-year siege of Acre.

220 years ago

A squadron of British ships of the line defeated a larger squadron of Spanish and French vessels in the Strait of Gibraltar in the Second Battle of Algeciras.

160 years ago

Born on this date
Anton Arensky
. Russian composer. Mr. Arensky wrote two symphonies and other orchestral and piano works, but is best known for his chamber music. He died of tuberculosis, perhaps exacerbated by heavy drinking, on July 12, 1906 at the age of 44.

150 years ago

For the second straight year, Orange Riots occurred in New York City between Ulster Scots Protestants and Roman Catholics.

The Toronto and Nipissing Railway opened for traffic to Uxbridge, Ontario.

Ross Barnes, Fred Cone, and Al Spalding each had 5 hits for the Boston Red Stockings as they came back from an 8-6 deficit to rout the Fort Wayne Kekiongas 30-9 at Kekionga Ball Grounds, where the temperature reached 100 F in the shade. Mr. Spalding (9-7) hit 2 doubles, scored 6 runs, batted in 4, and pitched a 9-hit complete game victory, allowing just 1 earned run. Losing pitcher Bill Mathews (4-7) allowed 30 hits and 15 earned runs in a complete game. Henry Kohler played first base and caught for Fort Wayne in his first National Assocation game, batting 1 for 4, and making 11 putouts and an error, while Harry Deane played his first NA game, finishing as a substitute in left field.

110 years ago

Ty Cobb drew a base on balls in the 1st inning and then stole second base, third base, and home plate to help the Detroit Tigers shut out the Philadelphia Athletics 9-0 before 10,125 fans at Bennett Park in Detroit. Bill Donovan (3-3) pitched a 4-hitter for the Tigers.

Roy Hartzell batted 2 for 4 with a grand slam, double, base on balls, sacrifice, 2 runs, and 8 runs batted in to help the New York Highlanders rout the St. Louis Browns 12-2 before 1,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Ray Caldwell (6-7) pitched a 3-hit complete game victory, and had 3 hits of his own. New York second baseman Stubby Magner batted 1 for 4 with a sacrifice and a run, with 3 assists in the field, in his first major league game.

100 years ago

Babe Ruth hit 2 home runs and a double to lead the New York Yankees past the St. Louis Browns 6-4 before 4,000 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Mr. Ruth's homers gave him a career total of 137, passing Roger Connor for the major league record.

Joe Sargent tripled and scored on a sacrifice bunt by Jim Middleton in the bottom of the 16th inning to give the Detroit Tigers a 2-1 win over the Philadelphia Athletics at Navin Field in Detroit. Mr. Middleton (4-3) pitched 4 scoreless innings in relief of Dutch Leonard, while Rollie Naylor (2-4) allowed 14 hits and 2 earned runs in a complete game loss.

The Washington Nationals scored 2 runs in the top of the 9th inning and withstood a 3-run rally in the bottom of the 9th as they beat the Chicago White Sox 8-7 at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Nathan Söderblom, 65
. Swedish clergyman. Mr. Söderblom was the Church of Sweden Archbishop of Uppsala from 1914-1931. He led the ecumenical Christian "Life and Work" movement in the 1920s, and was awarded the 1930 Nobel Peace Prize "[F]or his efforts to involve the churches not only in work for ecumenical unity, but also for world peace."

80 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Daddy--Swing and Sway with Sammy Kaye (vocal refrain by the Kaye Choir) (2nd week at #1)

A Gallup Poll reported that 72% of Americans recently questioned said that they preferred to see the U.S.S.R. win the war against Germany, but 47% thought Germany would win. A U.K.-U.S.S.R. agreement for "joint action" was signed in Moscow by Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov and British Ambassador to the U.S.S.R. Sir Stafford Cripps, barring any separate peace with Germany. Germany claimed that "the Stalin Line has been broken at all decisive points," but the Soviet Union denied that such a breakthrough had taken place. Armistice documents between the U.K.-Free French allies and the Vichy French command in Syria were initialled in Acre, Palestine. A Japanese news agency reported that the United Kingdom and Chinese leader Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek had agreed on, but not yet signed, a military alliance, to become effective when Japan started a southward drive in the Pacific.

Ecuador announced its acceptance of a mediation proposal made by the United States, Brazil, and Argentina to settle its border conflict with Peru.

The U.S. Maritime Commission took over 16 more Danish cargo ships in American ports.

The U.S. National Maritime Union rejected a resolution by Joseph J. Doyle for an outside trial board to investigate charges of Communism against NMU President Joseph Curran. Only two votes were cast in favour of the resolution.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Ray Stannard Baker, 76
. U.S. writer. Mr. Baker wrote fiction (under the name David Grayson), but was best known for journalistic writing. He became close friends with U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, and served as Mr. Wilson's press secretary during the Versailles peace conference in 1919. Mr. Baker published 15 books about Mr. Wilson and international relations.

Yugoslavian patrols clashed with U.S. forces on the Yugoslav-Italian border, resulting in the deaths of two Yugoslavs.

The Belgrade war crimes trial of Yugoslavian Chetnik leader Draja Mikhailovich ended as Mr. Mikhailovich and 23 co-defendants made their final speeches.

World events
Iraqi police fired on striking oil workers in Kirkuk, killing 5 and wounding 14.

The Egyptian government reported that Egyptian police had made 220 arrests in nationwide anti-Communist raids.

The Paris conference of foreign ministers ended with an agreement on the division of 125,000 tons of Italian shipping between Greece and Yugoslavia, but failed to reach accord on Germany and Austria.

U.S. President Harry Truman released Agriculture Secretary Clinton Anderson's report on American food shipments, stating that the United States had exported 16.5 million tons of food relief in 1945-46.

70 years ago

The U.S.A. and U.K. issued draft terms of a Japanese peace treaty, including provisions for re-establishment of the Japanese armed forces and continued American administration of the Ryukyu and Bonin Islands.

The U.S.A., Australia, and New Zealand announced that they would sign a Pacific defense treaty similar to the Atlantic pact during the September conference on Japan in San Francisco.

Israel demanded that the United Nations Security Council compel Egypt to lift a three-year blockade of Israel-bound shipping through the Suez Canal.

Politics and government
The United Nations Trusteeship Council approed Belgium's administration of Runada-Urundi, but recommended higher wages, more primary schools, better medical services, and greater home rule.

Illinois Governor Adlai Stevenson called out the National Guard to restore order in Cicero after a night of race riots.

An Argentine federal court in Buenos Aires ordered the Argentine government to pay the former owners of La Prensa $1.4 million for the newspaper's expropriation. La Prensa officials claimed that the amount was only a small fraction of the paper's actual value.

U.S. President Harry Truman signed a bill authorizing the recruitment of Mexican farm workers and setting up standards of pay, transportation, and housing.

Rocky Marciano (36-0), an 11-5 underdog, knocked out Rex Layne (34-2-2) 35 seconds into the 6th round of a heavyweight bout at Madison Square Garden in New York.

Allie Reynolds (10-5) pitched a no-hitter and Gene Woodling hit a home run in the 7th inning off Bob Feller (12-3) as the New York Yankees edged the Cleveland Indians 1-0 before 39,195 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland.

The Boston Red Sox moved into first place in the American League with a sweep of a twi-night doubleheader against the Chicago White Sox before 52,592 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The Red Sox won the first game 3-2 and the second game 5-4 in 17 innings. The White Sox rallied for 2 runs off Mel Parnell (11-5) in the 9th inning of the first game and had runners on first and third bases with 2 out, but relief pitcher Harry Taylor retired Bob Elliott on a ground ball to second base to end the game. Ellis Kinder (5-0) pitched 10 scoreless innings in relief to win the second game, while losing pitcher Saul Rogovin (5-5) pitched the entire 17 innings.

Elmer Valo hit a pair of solo home runs and winning pitcher Alex Kellner (6-6) drove in 3 runs to help the Philadelphia Athletics defeat the St. Louis Browns 9-7 in the first game of a doubleheader before 6,045 fans at Sportsman's Park in St. Louis. Gus Zernial hit a grand slam as part of a 7-run 3rd inning, while Bobby Shantz (8-6) pitched a 9-hitter, scored 2 runs, and drove in 2 as the Athletics completed the sweep with a 13-0 rout in the second game.

Harry Rice drew a base on balls with 1 out in the top of the 5th inning and Billy Johnson followed with a home run to provide the scoring as the St. Louis Cardinals shut out the New York Giants 2-0 before 13,448 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. Gerry Staley (12-8) pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Larry Jansen (12-8), who allowed just 3 hits in 8 innings.

Carl Furillo, Billy Cox, and Roy Campanella hit home runs for the Brooklyn Dodgers as they beat the Chicago Cubs 9-3 before 23,365 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Ralph Branca started on the mound for Brooklyn, but left with a 5-0 lead in the 5th inning because of a sore arm. Clyde King relieved him and allowed 3 runs; Bud Podbielan (1-0) pitched 2.2 scoreless innings, and was credited by the official scorer with the win.

60 years ago

At the movies
Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea, written, produced, and directed by Irwin Allen, and starring Walter Pidgeon, Joan Fontaine, Barbara Eden, and Peter Lorre, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Mazo de la Roche, 82
. Canadian author and playwright. Miss de la Roche, a native of Newmarket, Ontario, was best known for the novel Jalna (1927) and 15 sequels and prequels through 1960.

The United States launched the weather satellite TIROS 3 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The satellite's mission was obtaining data for a meteorological satellite system and television pictures of clouds. The launch was timed to the hurricane saeason with the hope that it could follow at least one hurricane from its formation.

The United States Air Force launched the satellite MIDAS 3 from Point Arguello, California. It was a forerunner of a satellite system to detect the hot exhaust of a missile launched anywhere on Earth.

The Indian city of Pune flooded due to failure of the Khadakwasla and Panshet dams, killing at least 2,000 people.

ČSA Flight 511, an Ilyushin II-18 en route from Zurich to Rabat, crashed at Casablanca–Anfa Airport in Morocco, killing all 72 people aboard.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Mata Au Hi Made--Kiyohiko Ozaki (9th week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Another Day--Paul McCartney

Died on this date
Yvon Robert, 56
. Canadian wrestler. Mr. Robert, a native of Verdun, Quebec, wrestled professionally with various circuits in central Canada and the eastern United States from 1932-1959. He fought Gorgeous George to a draw in Montreal in 1948, and teamed with Whipper Billy Watson to win the Canadian tag team title in 1953. Mr. Robert died at his home in Laval, Quebec.

The Australian Aboriginal Flag was flown for the first time.

Calgary (2-0) 25 @ Montreal (0-3) 14
Toronto (2-0) 14 @ Winnipeg (2-1) 11
Hamilton (0-2) 16 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 32
Ottawa (2-1) 41 @ British Columbia (0-2) 14

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Hal Pawson, 65
. Canadian journalist. Mr. Pawson wrote for the Regina Leader-Post, Sudbury Star, Vancouver News-Herald, and United Press International before joining The Edmonton Journal in 1941. In 1942 he joined the Royal Canadian Air Force to serve in World War II, and returned to the Journal in 1946. Mr. Pawson eventually became the paper's sports editor and lead sports columnist, remaining there until 1966. In 1968 he became the city of Edmonton's director of public relations, a position he held until 1976 except for a time in the 1970s when he was the executive director of Edmonton's hosting of the 1978 Commonwealth Games.

A strike by 48,000 British Columbia woodworkers shut down the forest industry; 60,000 workers were off the job by July 20, 1981.

Winnipeg (1-1) 22 @ Saskatchewan (1-1) 20

Rookie Saskatchewan kicker Paul Watson kicked a 59-yard field goal, tying the league record set by Dave Cutler of the Edmonton Eskimos on October 28, 1970. Both kicks took place at Taylor Field with a favouring wind.

30 years ago

Edmonton (1-0) 34 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 25

Albert Brown returned the opening kickoff 94 yards for a touchdown, and the Roughriders jumped out to a 20-0 lead at Taylor Field in Regina before the Eskimos came back to win their first regular season game under new head coach--and former Saskatchewan quarterback and head coach--Ron Lancaster. Roughrider quarterback Kent Austin suffered a bruised sternum when hit by Eskimo linebacker Larry Wruck in the 2nd quarter, and missed the rest of that game and the next six, which had a devastating effect on the Roughriders' playoff chances. Blake Marshall scored a touchdown for the Eskimos on the last play as they won their first game at Taylor Field in four years.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
John Chancellor, 68
. U.S. broadcaster. Mr. Chancellor was best known for anchoring NBC Nightly News from 1970-1982. He died two days before his 69th birthday.

Jonathan Melvoin, 34. U.S. musician. Mr. Melvoin played keyboards with the rock group the Smashing Pumpkins, and had been fired because of drug use, but had been allowed to remain until the end of the current leg of their tour. They were in New York City when he died of a heroin overdose.

The second bomb in as many days detonated in a Moscow trolley car; the two blasts injured 32 people.

A judge in Milan ordered 12 defendants, including former Italian Prime Ministers Benito Craxi and Silvio Berlusconi, to stand trial on charges of violating funding rules for political parties.

British Columbia (0-3) 31 @ Ottawa (1-2) 32

20 years ago

The U.S. space shuttle Atlantis launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida to begin mission STS-104, with a five-member crew commanded by Steven Lindsey.

Abner Louima, a Haitian immigrant tortured in a New York City police station, agreed to an $8.7 million settlement.

Calgary (0-2) 14 @ Montreal (2-0) 32

British Columbia (1-1) 5 @ Hamilton (1-1) 26

Jacque Jones, Torii Hunter, and Corey Koskie each hit 2 home runs for the Minnesota Twins as they defeated the Milwaukee Brewers 13-5 before 30,920 fans at Miller Park in Milwaukee.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Sherwood Schwartz, 94
. U.S. television producer and writer. Mr. Schwartz was best known for creating the television comedy series Gilligan's Island (1964-1967) and The Brady Bunch (1969-1974). He was inducted into the Television Hall of Fame in 2008.

Major League All-Star Game @ Chase Field, Phoenix
American League 1 @ National League 5

Prince Fielder of the Milwaukee Brewers hit a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 4th inning to offset a soo homer by Adrián González of the Boston Red Sox in the top of the inning as the NL defeated the Al before 47,994 fans.

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