Thursday, 22 July 2021

July 22, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Eileen Sasakamoose!

560 years ago
1461


Died on this date
Charles VII, 58
. King of France, 1422-1461. Charles "the Victorious" was the 11th child and fifth son of King Charles VI, but was the oldest son to live long enough to succeed his father. He presided over the military victory at Orléans in 1529, recovered Paris in 1536, and reconquered Normandy in the 1540s. King Charles VII's last years were marked by conflict with his son, who succeeded him as King Louis XI. Charles VII took ill in 1458, and his health declined until he finally starved to death.

370 years ago
1651


Born on this date
Ferdinand Tobias Richter
. Austrian musician and composer. Mr. Richter became court organist in the imperial court in 1683, and was organist in the court chapel from 1690 until his death on November 3, 1711 at the age of 60. His compostions included several toccatas, five suites, and other pieces for keyboard, as well as works for the stage.

225 years ago
1796


Americana
A party of surveyors commissioned by General Moses Cleaveland arrived at the mouth of the Cuyahoga River and founded the community that became Cleveland, Ohio.

140 years ago
1881


Born on this date
Augusta Fox Bronner
. U.S. psychologist. Dr. Bronner was a pioneer in the field of juvenile psychology; she emphasized environmental factors over inherited traits, and co-directed the first child guidance clinic. Dr. Bronner met neurologist William Healy in 1913; they worked together, and married in 1932, two years after the death of Dr. Healy's first wife. The couple retired in 1946, and Dr. Bronner destroyed most of her own research and unpublished papers, preferring the attention to be on her husband's work. She died on December 11, 1966 at the age of 85.

110 years ago
1911


Born on this date
Lindsay Brown
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Brown played shortstop with the Brooklyn Dodgers (1937), batting .270 with no home runs and 6 runs batted in in 48 games. He played at least 1,269 games in 12 seasons in the minor leagues (1935-1949). Mr. Brown died on January 1, 1967 at the age of 55.

Aviation
Winnipeg automobile dealer W. C. Power became the first air passenger in western Canada.

Baseball
The New York Giants traded catcher Hank Gowdy and shortstop Al Bridwell to the Boston Rustlers for third baseman Buck Herzog. Mr. Gowdy was hitting .250 (1 for 4) with no runs batted in in 4 games with New York in 1911, and Mr. Bridwell was batting .270 with no home runs and 31 RBIs in 76 games. Mr. Herzog was batting .310 with 5 homers and 41 RBIs in 79 games with Boston in 1911.

Bob Bescher's single up the middle with 2 out in the 9th inning ruined Nap Rucker's bid for a no-hitter, but Mr. Rucker (13-12) and the Brooklyn Robins held on to beat the Cincinnati Reds 1-0 before 5,000 fans at Washington Park in Brooklyn in a game that was played in 1 hour 18 minutes. Losing pitcher Frank Smith (5-11) gave up just 2 hits and an unearned run.

100 years ago
1921


Born on this date
William Roth
. U.S. politician. Mr. Roth, a Republican, represented Delaware in the U.S. House of Representatives (1967-1970) and in the U.S. Senate (1971-2001). He chaired the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee (1981-1987, 1995) and Finance Committee (1995-2001), and sponsored legislation that created the Roth IRA, an individual retirement plan that can be set up with a broker. Sen. Roth was defeated in the 2000 election, with age and declining health cited as reasons for his loss. He died of heart failure on December 13, 2003 at the age of 82.

War
The Spanish Army suffered its worst military defeat in modern times, to the Berbers of the Rif region of Spanish Morocco in the Battle of Annual.

Golf
Jim Barnes shot a 2-over-par 72 in the final round to win the U.S. Open at Columbia Country Club in Chevy Chase, Maryland with a 9-over-par total score of 289, 9 strokes ahead of Walter Hagen and Fred McLeod.



Baseball
The New York Yankees routed the Akron Firestones 23-3 in an exhibition game.

80 years ago
1941


War
The Royal Canadian Navy commissioned HMCS Brandon (K149) at Quebec City. Reports reaching Turkey alleged that Germans and Croats had executed at least 80,000 Serbians because of guerrilla activity since the Axis had occupied Yugoslavia.

Defense
U.S. Federal Loan Administrator Jesse Jones said that the United States had offered to buy raw materials from the U.S.S.R. in exchange for Soviet purchases of war material. The U.S. Reconstruction Finance Corporation announced a $425-million loan at 3% interest per year to the United Kingdom to pay for war purchases contracted before Lend-Lease had been passed.

Americana
U.S. Census Bureau director J.C. Capt estimated that the country's population would grow at a steadily decreasing rate until about 1985, after which a decline would set in. He predicted a population peak of 153 million in 1980.

75 years ago
1946


Hit parade
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (10th week at #1)
--Dinah Shore
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
2 Doin' What Comes Natur'lly--Dinah Shore and Spade Cooley and his Orchestra
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
--Jimmy Dorsey and his Orchestra
3 They Say it's Wonderful--Perry Como
--Frank Sinatra
4 Prisoner of Love--Perry Como
--The Ink Spots
5 Surrender--Perry Como
--Woody Herman and his Orchestra
6 Laughing on the Outside (Crying on the Inside)--Dinah Shore
--Andy Russell
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
7 My Fickle Eye--Betty Hutton
--Jack Smith and the Five DeMarco Sisters
--Judy Canova
8 Hey! Ba-Ba-Re-Bop--Tex Beneke with the Glenn Miller Orchestra
--Lionel Hampton and his Orchestra
9 I'm a Big Girl Now--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
10 In Love in Vain--Dick Haymes and Helen Forrest
--Margaret Whiting

Singles entering the chart were To Each his Own, with versions by Eddy Howard and his Orchestra, Freddy Martin and his Orchestra, and The Modernaires with Paula Kelly (#21); Friar Rock by Harry James and his Orchestra (#36); I've Got a Right to Cry by Erskine Hawkins and his Orchestra (#40); I Got the Sun in the Morning by Les Brown and his Orchestra (#42); and Mabel! Mabel! by Woody Herman and his Orchestra (#43). To Each his Own was the title song of the movie.

On the radio
The Casebook of Gregory Hood, starring Gale Gordon and Carl Harbord, on MBS

Terrorism
91 people were killed and 46 injured when a bomb planted by the Zionist group Irgun Zvai Leumi exploded in the King David Hotel in Jerusalem. The southern wing of the hotel contained the British administrative headquarters for Palestine.

Germanica
General Joseph-Pierre Koenig, French military governor in Germany, announced the incorporation of 79 Rhineland districts covering over 600 square miles into the Saar.

Diplomacy
Madame Sun Yat-sen, widow of the founder of the Republic of China, urged the United States to withdraw its forces from China and refuse to aid the Nationalist government until it was reorganized and "truly representative."

Health
Delegates of 60 nations signed the World Health Organization charter in New York City.

70 years ago
1951


On the radio
Mr. Moto, starring James Monks, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Wheel of Life

Died on this date
Forrest Sherman, 54
. U.S. military officer. Admiral Sherman joined the U.S. Navy in 1917 and rose through the ranks, helping to plan defense mobilization for World War II, winning the Navy Cross for his command of the aircraft carrier USS Wasp after it was sunk by a Japanese submarine in 1942. He was named Chief of Naval Operations in October 1949, and died in Naples after a series of heart attacks. Adm. Sherman was succeeded as Chief of Naval Operations by Admiral William Fechteler.

60 years ago
1961


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Travelin' Man/Hello Mary Lou--Ricky Nelson (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy: Legata a un granello di sabbia--Nico Fidenco (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Wheels (Vier Schimmel, ein Wagen)--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (9th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Temptation--The Everly Brothers (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
2 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton
3 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
4 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon
5 Dum Dum--Brenda Lee
6 Yellow Bird--Arthur Lyman Group
--[Lawrence Welk and his Orchestra]
7 Raindrops--Dee Clark
8 I Like it Like That (Part 1)--Chris Kenner
9 Moody River--Pat Boone
10 Let's Twist Again--Chubby Checker

Singles entering the chart were School is Out by U.S. Bonds (#64); Hurt by Timi Yuro (#71); Ready for Your Love by Shep and the Limelites (#77); You Don't Know What You've Got (Until You Lose It) by Ral Donner (#86); Princess by Frank Gari (#89); Tears on My Pillow by the McGuire Sisters (#90); Let the Four Winds Blow by Fats Domino (#91); Drivin' Home by Duane Eddy and the Rebels (#92); The Girl's a Devil by the Dukays (#96); Don't Cry No More by Bobby Bland (#97); A Little Bit of Soap by the Jarmels (#100); What Would You Do? by Jim Reeves (also #100); and Dedicated (To the Songs I Love) by 3 Friends (also #100).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon (3rd week at #1)
2 Michael--The Highwaymen
3 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds
4 Bobby--Neil Scott
5 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
6 Shake Shake Sherry--The Flairs
7 Last Night--The Mar-Keys
8 Dum Dum--Brenda Lee
9 Johnny Willow--Fred Darian
10 Classmate--The Beau-Marks

Singles entering the chart were School is Out by U.S. Bonds (#24); Tell Me Why by the Belmonts (#29); Blue Muu Muu by Annette (#36); Teen Prayer by the Velveteens (#38); The Mountain's High by Dick and Deedee (#42); Transistor Sister by Freddy Cannon with Frank Slay & his "New Orleans" Band (#43); Since Gary Went in the Navy by Marcy Joe (#46); Hurt by Timi Yuro (#49); and Tennessee by the Todds (#50).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CKWX)
1 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds (2nd week at #1)
2 Something for Everyone (LP)--Elvis Presley
3 Hats Off to Larry--Del Shannon
4 Shake Shake Sherry--The Flairs
5 Bobby--Neil Scott
6 Dum Dum--Brenda Lee
7 Classmate--The Beau-Marks
8 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
9 Last Night--The Mar-Keys
10 Too Many Rules/Together--Connie Francis

Singles entering the chart were Ticonderoga by the Saturday Knights (#24); Big Black Hat by Rolf Harris (#31); School is Out by U.S. Bonds (#32); Private Eye by Bob Luman (#34); Teen Machine by the Gamblers (#39); and Girls by Johnny Burnette (#40).

Communications
Canadian Prime Minister John Diefenbaker opened the Northwest Telecommunications System--the largest single microwave project in Canada--in Whitehorse.

Boxing
Cassius Clay (8-0) won a 10-round unanimous decision over Alonzo Johnson (18-8) in a heavyweight bout at Freedom Hall State Fairground in Louisville.



Baseball
The day after hitting a pinch-grand slam in the 9th inning to lead the New York Yankees to a comeback win over the Boston Red Sox, Johnny Blanchard did it again, leading off the top of the 9th with a pinch-home run to begin a 3-run rally that saw the Yankees beat the Red Sox 11-9 before 25,089 fans at Fenway Park in Boston.

Pinch hitter Roy Sievers doubled home Floyd Robinson and Minnie Minoso with 1 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to break a 4-4 tie, and the Chicago White Sox added another run as they beat the Baltimore Orioles 7-4 before 10,946 fans in the first of two games at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The Orioles scored all their runs in the top of the 8th, with Jackie Brandt's 3-run home run the big blow. The White Sox scored 6 runs in the 2nd inning to take a 7-0 lead as they coasted to an 11-4 win before 20,156 fans in the second game. Chicago catcher Cam Carreon batted 4 for 4 with 2 runs and a run batted in in the second game.

Joe Koppe singled home Bob Sadowski from second base with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to give the Los Angeles Angels a 7-6 win over the Washington Senators before 7,482 fans at Wrigley Field in Los Angeles. Eli Grba, the second of three Los Angeles pitchers, batted 2 for 3, and hit a 2-run home run in the 2nd inning.

50 years ago
1971


Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): Pour un flirt--Michel Delpech (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ross Thatcher, 54
. Canadian politician. Mr. Thatcher, a native of Neville, Saskatchewan, was a member of the Co-operative Commonwealth Federation from 1942-1955, and was an alderman in Moose Jaw before representing Moose Jaw (1945-1953) and Moose Jaw-Lake Centre (1953-1957) in the Canadian House of Commons, serving the last two years as an independent politician after splitting with the CCF over the issue of corporate taxation. Mr. Thatcher was an unsuccessful Liberal candidate in the 1957 and 1958 federal elections, but became the leader of the Saskatchewan Liberal Party in 1959, leading them to a narrow victory over the governing New Democratic Party (the renamed CCF) in 1964, and a slightly increased majority in 1967. He introduced an austerity program after the latter election that proved unpopular with voters, and the Liberals were narrowly defeated by the Allan Blakeney-led NDP in the June 1971 election. Mr. Thatcher died in his sleep in Regina, just 22 days after leaving office, apparently a result of complications from diabetes and a heart condition. It was an open secret in Saskatchewan that Mr. Thatcher had neglected to take care of his diabetes, and insiders weren't surprised by his death. Mr. Thatcher's son Colin was a provincial cabinet minister in the Progressive Conservative government of Grant Devine in the 1980s, but went to prison after murdering his ex-wife JoAnn.

World events
Sudanese President Major General Jafir Muhammad Nimeri, deposed in a leftist-led coup three days earlier, was restored to power by military forces loyal to his regime.

Football
CFL
Pre-season
Toronto (4-0) 21 @ Hamilton (0-4) 8
Montreal (1-4) 8 @ Calgary (3-1) 41

40 years ago
1981


Hit parade
Vancouver's Top 10 (CKLG)
1 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
2 Gemini Dream--The Moody Blues
3 The One that You Love--Air Supply
4 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer
5 Slow Hand--Pointer Sisters
6 Hearts--Marty Balin
7 Queen of Hearts--Juice Newton
8 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
9 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
10 Medley--Stars on 45

Singles entering the chart were Time by the Alan Parsons Project (#18); and In the Mood by Wildroot Orchestra (#20).

Music
Doug and the Slugs performed at the Convention Inn South in Edmonton.

Society
Licensed taverns in Quebec were required to post notice saying that women were allowed to enter, ending an old tradition; taverns licensed before 1979 were not affected, and could still bar women.

Labour
A strike by Halifax police ended after 53 days as 196 officers accepted a three-year contract.

30 years ago
1991


Hit parade
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Neo Bravo!!--Southern All Stars

#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): You Could Be Mine--Guns N' Roses

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Wind of Change--Scorpions (8th week at #1)

Crime
Police in Milwaukee arrested serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer, who later confessed to murdering 17 men and boys.

Politics and government
British Prime Minister John Major launched a "citizen's charter" to improve public services.

Aviation
Kari Castle, 31, became the first woman to travel by hang glider more than 200 miles, taking off near Lone Pine, California, in the Sierra Nevada, and landing near Austin, Nevada, 210 miles away. The trip took 8 hours and 20 minutes.

Baseball
Shane Mack, Kent Hrbek and Chili Davis hit solo home runs in each of the first 3 innings to help the Minnesota Twins defeat the San Francisco Giants 6-4 in the annual Hall of Fame Game at Doubleday Field in Cooperstown, New York. San Francisco utility infielder Greg Litton became the only player in Hall of Fame Game history to play all nine positions.

25 years ago
1996


Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Forever Love--Gary Barlow (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (4th week at #1)

Canada's Top 10 (RPM)
1 You Learn--Alanis Morissette (2nd week at #1)
2 The Only Thing that Looks Good on Me is You--Bryan Adams
3 Change the World--Eric Clapton
4 Ahead by a Century--The Tragically Hip
5 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
6 Flood--Jars of Clay
7 Killing Me Softly--The Fugees
8 You Still Touch Me--Sting
9 I Don't Want to Think About It--Wild Strawberries
10 Looking for It--Jann Arden

Singles entering the chart were What Would it Take by Anne Murray (#74); Walls by Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers (#86); Did U Mean What U Said by Savory (#93); Your Love Amazes Me by Michael English (#95); Little Sins by Wendy Lands (#96); Why Does it Hurt So Much by Whitney Houston (#98); and That Girl by Maxi Priest (#100). Walls was from the movie She's the One (1996).

Crime
A 64-tonne shipment of $3 million of "toonies" ($2 Canadian coins) was stolen en route to a Winnipeg distribution centre.

Agriculture
The government of Alberta filed a legal challenge to the Canadian Wheat Board's status as a monopoly in selling wheat grown in the Prairie provinces.

Disasters
The Nova Scotia government took full responsibility for the 1992 explosion at the Westray mine in Plymouth, Nova Scotia; former Premier Donald Cameron had suggested the miners had not followed proper safety precautions, whereas provincial inspectors were to blame.

The governments of Canada and Quebec set up a $200-million relief fund to help victims of flooding in Saguenay, Quebec.

Olympics
Naim Süleymanoğlu of Turkey became the first weightlifter in history to win three gold medals, as he set a world record in the 141-pound competition in Atlanta. He snatched 324½ pounds and then raised 413¾ in the clean-and-jerk for a total of 738¼ pounds.



20 years ago
2001


Died on this date
Frances Horwich, 94
. U.S. television hostess. Dr. Horwich, whose doctorate was in education, taught at various levels before becoming famous as "Miss Frances," hosting the educational television program Ding Dong School, which aired on NBC from 1952-1956. She became head of Children's Programming at NBC in 1954, but quit the network and her program in 1956, objecting to the commercialization of children's programming. Dr. Horwich revived Ding Dong School in 1958, and it aired in syndication until 1965. Dr. Horwich died of congestive heart failure.

10 years ago
2011


Died on this date
Linda Christian, 87
. Mexican-born U.S. actress. Miss Christian, born Blanca Rosa Welter, appeared in movies such as Green Dolphin Street (1947) and Tarzan and the Mermaids (1948), but was better known for being a lover of actor Errol Flynn in the 1940s and the wife of actor Tyrone Power (1949-1956).

Terrorism
Anders Breivik committed two crimes in Norway, killing 8 people with a car bomb targeting Ngovernment buildings in central Oslo, and then massacring 69 at a Workers' Youth League (AUF) summer camp on the island of Utøya.

Economics and finance
The Supreme Court of Canada ruled that interest earned by First Nations people from accounts held on reserves was tax free; the decision overturned two rulings from the Tax Court of Canada that such earnings were taxable.

Football
CFL
Hamilton (2-2) 39 @ British Columbia (0-4) 31

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