Wednesday, 7 July 2021

July 7, 2021

320 years ago

Died on this date
William Stoughton, 69-70
. American politician and jurist. Mr. Stoughton began his career as a theologian after going to England, but returned to Massachusetts, where he held various public offices, including Lieutenant Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay from 1692 until his death. In the absence of an appointed governor, Mr. Stoughton acted as governor from 1694-1699 and 1700-1701. As Chief Justice of the Special Court of Oyer and Terminer in 1692 and then as the Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Judicature in 1693, he presided over the Salem witch trials, accepting spectral evidence, based on supposed demonic visions. Mr. Stoughton died after years of declining health.

175 years ago

American troops occupied Monterey and Yerba Buena, thus beginning the conquest of California.

130 years ago

Born on this date
Virginia Rappe
. U.S. model and actress. Miss Rappe was an artist's model who had bit parts in several movies. She died on September 9, 1921 at the age of 30, after attending a party hosted by actor Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle at the St. Francis Hotel in San Francisco. The incident ruined Mr. Arbuckle's career, although he was eventually exonerated.

Tadamichi Kuribayashi. Japanese military officer. General Kuribayashi commanded the Japanese garrison during the Battle of Iwo Jima; he was killed circa March 26, 1945 at the age of 53 while defending the garrison against American troops.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Vittorio De Sica
. Italian film director. Mr. De Sica was a major figure in the neorealist movement, and often used amateur actors in his movies. His films included Sciuscià (Shoeshine) (1946); Ladri di biciclette (The Bicycle Thief) (1948); La Ciociara (Two Women) (1961); Ieri, oggi e domani (Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow) (1963); and Il Giardino dei Finzi-Contini (The Garden of the Finzi-Continis) (1970). Mr. De Sica died on November 13, 1974 at the age of 73.

Sam Katzman. U.S. movie producer. Mr. Katzman became known as "king of the quickies" for his ability to produce profitable low-budget movies in a short time; in a 40-year career he produced 239 films, including action serials and rock and roll musicals. Mr. Katzman died on August 4, 1973, four weeks after his 72nd birthday.

Eiji Tsuburaya. Japanese film director and producer. Mr. Tsuburaya was a special effects director for about 250 movies in a career spanning 50 years. He was perhaps best known for directing special effects for movies featuring Godzilla and other monsters in the 1950s and '60s. Mr. Tsuburaya died of a heart attack on January 25, 1970 at the age of 68.

Died on this date
Johanna Spyri, 74
. Swiss authoress. Mrs. Spyri was a novelist who wrote children's stories, the best-known of which was Heidi (1881). She died 25 days after her 74th birthday.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Gian Carlo Menotti
. Italian composer. Mr. Menotti wrote music and libretto for more than two dozen operas, winning Pulitzer Prizes for The Consul (1950) and The Saint of Bleecker Street (1955). He died on February 1, 2007 at the age of 95.

The U.S.A., U.K., Japan, and Russia signed the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911, banning open-water seal hunting. It was the first international treaty to address wildlife preservation issues.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Ezzard Charles
. U.S. boxer. Mr. Charles was world heavyweight champion from 1949-1951. Mr. Charles began his professional career in 1940, fighting as a light heavyweight before moving up to the heavyweight division. When Joe Louis retired as champion in 1949, Mr. Charles won the title with a 15-round decision over Jersey Joe Walcott. He won a decision over Mr. Louis when the former champion came out of retirement, and also won another decision over Mr. Walcott. Mr. Walcott finally won the title from Mr. Charles with a 7th-round knockout in 1951, and decisioned Mr. Charles again in their fourth title fight. Mr. Charles fought Rocky Marciano for the title twice in 1954, losing in a 15-round decision and an 8th-round knockout. Mr. Charles was forced to continue fighting for several more years because of financial problems, and he retired in 1959 with a record of 93-25-1. He died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease) on May 28, 1975 at the age of 53.

Adolf von Thadden. German politician. Mr. Thadden joined the Nazi Party in 1939, and was a lieutenant with the Wehrmacht in World War II. He was a member of the German Right Party (1946-1950); German Empire Party (1950-1964); and National Democratic Party (1964-1975), and represented Lower Saxony in the Bundestag (1949-1953, 1957-1959) and Bundesrat (1953-1957). Mr. Thadden led the National Democratic Party from 1967-1971, a period during which it has been alleged he was working as an agent for the British intelligence service MI6. Mr. Thadden died on July 16, 1996, nine days after his 75th birthday.

80 years ago

Beirut was occupied by Free France and British troops. In the heaviest raids yet carried out over France, British Royal Air Force planes attacked Calais, Boulogne, Mealt, and Bethune.

The government of Ecuador announced that Peruvian planes had bombed Hauquillas in the disputed border province of El Oro on the third day of the undeclared war between the countries. The Peruvian government charged that Ecuadorian troops had attacked its border posts on July 5.

U.S. naval occupation of Iceland replaced the British occupation, with full agreement of the Icelandic government, according to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. U.S. Lend-Lease administrator Edward Stettinius placed chromium under full priority control in order to build up a stockpile. Dispatches from Rio de Janeiro stated that the U.S.A. and Brazil had concluded a trade pact under which the United States would buy Brazil's entire surplus of certain strategic materials such as rubber and manganese for the next two years.

The U.S. Senate confirmed by voice vote the nomination of Attorney General Robert H. Jackson as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

1,100 convicts in Leavenworth Federal Penitentiary in Kansas agreed to call off their five-day strike after a dozen ringleaders were sent to Alcatraz Prison.

American League officials voted to rescind the rule in place for two years that banned trading by the league's pennant-winning team except by waiver.

75 years ago

The Soviet journal Culture and Life revealed that Ivan the Terrible Part II had been banned for being "contrary to historical truth."

Married on this date
U.S. actor John Hodiak married actess Anne Baxter.

Politics and government
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) candidate Miguel Alemán Valdés was elected President of Mexico, taking 77.9% of the vote; Mexican Democratic Party candidate Ezequiel Padilla Peñaloza was second, taking 19.3% of the vote. The PRI won 141 of 147 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, with 4 seats going to the National Action Party and the remaining 2 seats being won by independent candidates. All 58 seats in the Senate were held by the PRI.

The All-India Congress Party approved the British cabinet mission's long-term independence plan for India despite opposition from Socialists and Mohandas Gandhi.

Mother Francesca S. Cabrini becomes the first American to be canonized by the Roman Catholic Church.

Aviator and tycoon Howard Hughes nearly died when his XF-11 reconnaissance aircraft prototype crashed in a Beverly Hills neighbourhood.

Frankie Parker defeated Bill Talbert to win the U.S. men's clay court championship in River Forest, Illinois.

70 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Aba Daba Honeymoon--Debbie Reynolds and Carleton Carpenter (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Too Young--Nat "King" Cole (Best Seller--3rd week at #1; Disc Jockey--2nd week at #1; Jukebox--1st week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Too Young--Nat "King" Cole (3rd week at #1)
2 How High the Moon--Les Paul and Mary Ford
3 Jezebel--Frankie Laine
4 On Top of Old Smoky--The Weavers and Terry Gilkyson
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
5 Sound Off (The Duckworth Chant)--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
6 My Truly, Truly Fair--Guy Mitchell
--Vic Damone
7 Mister and Mississippi--Patti Page
–-Dennis Day
8 Mockin’ Bird Hill--Les Paul and Mary Ford
9 Rose, Rose, I Love You--Frankie Laine
10 The Loveliest Night of the Year--Mario Lanza

Singles entering the chart were Wang Wang Blues by the Ames Brothers (#24); (Why Did I Tell You I was Going to) Shanghai by Doris Day (#28); Good Morning Mister Echo by the Jane Turzy Trio (#29); Tell Me (You Will Love Me Forever) by Tony Martin (#31); and Sweet Violets by Dinah Shore (#36). Shanghai was the B-side of My Life's Desire, which charted at #23.

Mexico ended its state of war with Germany.

The U.S.A. announced plans to construct a radar network of Norway, Denmark, Iceland, and Greenland to guard against air attack.

U.S. Defense Mobilization Director Charles Wilson created a special task force to plan more effective use of the physically handicapped in the nation's war economy.

Doris Hart of the U.S.A. defeated fellow American Shirley Fry in the women's singles final at Wimbledon, while Dick Savitt of the United States defeated Ken McGregor of Australia in the men's singles final.

Clyde Vollmer's grand slam highlighted a 6-run 1st inning for the Boston Red Sox as they beat the New York Yankees 10-4 before 33,164 fans at Fenway Park in Boston, as each team hit 3 home runs. Ellis Kinder (4-0) pitched an 11-hit complete game victory over Allie Reynolds (9-5), who allowed 5 hits and 6 earned runs in 1 inning.

Hoot Evers batted 5 for 5 with a double, 5 runs, and a run batted for the Detroit Tigers as they amassed 20 hits and beat the Cleveland Indians 13-3 before 16,049 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Detroit catcher Myron Ginsberg was 4 for 5 with a home run, 2 runs, and 5 RBIs. Bob Cain (7-6) pitched a 5-hit complete game victory over Bob Lemon (8-8).

Sal Yvars led off the bottom of the 10th inning with his first home run of the season to tie the score, and with 1 out, Eddie Stanky tripled. Alvin Dark then flied out to left field to score Mr. Stanky to give the New York Giants a 7-6 win over the Boston Braves before 11,307 fans at the Polo Grounds in New York. The Braves twice took the lead in extra innings, only to have the Giants come back. Boston first baseman Earl Torgeson drove in 4 runs with an outfield fly and a 3-run double.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Runaway--Del Shannon (3rd week at #1)

On television tonight
The Lawless Years, starring James Gregory, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Kid Dropper Story

The United States launched the satellite and capsule Discoverer 26 from Vandenberg Air Force Base, California. The 300-pound capsule contained various materials, such as silicum, iron, and bismuth, and experiments were to be conducted to assess the effects of space on these materials. The capsule also contained an erosion gauge and a micro-meteoroid detector.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (3rd week at #1)

Died on this date
Ub Iwerks, 70
. U.S. animator. Mr. Iwerks met Walt Disney in 1919, and eventually became Mr. Disney's chief animator, co-creating Oswald the Lucky Rabbit and Mickey Mouse. Mr. Iwerks left to start his own studio in 1930, creating the characters Flip the Frog and Willie Whopper. The studio went out of business in 1936, and Mr. Iwerks returned to the Disney studio in 1940; his work there included the combination of live action and animation in Song of the South (1946). He won two Academy Awards, and died of a heart attack.

Winnipeg (2-0) 16 @ Hamilton (0-1) 14
Saskatchewan (0-1) 0 @ Calgary (1-0) 27

40 years ago

U.S. President Ronald Reagan nominated Sandra Day O'Connor for the Supreme Court of the United States.

Two new acts in Prince Edward Island gave police the power to take citizens from their homes without warrant and hold them for drug treatment.

Economics and finance
Letters patent of the Société de développement industrie de Montréal were registered; it was a non-profit corporation responsible for developing the city's six industrial sites.

The Royal Canadian Mounted Police charged six companies, including Crown corporations Eldorado Nuclear Ltd. and Uranium Canada Ltd., with conspiracy to fix prices in an international cartel.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): More than Words--Extreme

#1 single in Switzerland: Wind of Change--Scorpions (4th week at #1)

Austria's Top 10 (Ö3)
1 Wind of Change--Scorpions
2 The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher
3 Bobby Brown--Frank Zappa
4 Jesus Loves You--Bow Down Mister
5 The One and Only--Chesney Hawkes
6 Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da)--Crystal Waters
7 Last Train to Trancentral--The KLF
8 Senza una donna (Without a Woman)--Zucchero & Paul Young
9 Secret Love--Bee Gees
10 Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave)--Roxette

Singles entering the chart were Le dernier qui a parlé... by Amina (#22); Safe from Harm by Massive Attack (#29); and The Only Love by the Bee Gees (#30).

The Brioni Agreement ended the ten-day independence war in Slovenia against the rest of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

American League baseball umpire Steve Palermo and former professional football player Terence Mann were both shot as they came to the aid of two women during an attempted robbery in a restaurant parking lot in Dallas. Mr. Palermo was listed in stable condition after being shot in the stomach.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: Coco Jamboo--Mr. President (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Scotland (OCC): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (6th week at #1)

The U.S. space shuttle Columbia, with a seven-member crew led by Commander Terence Henricks and including one Canadian--Payload Specialist Bob Thirsk--landed at Cape Canaveral, Florida at 8:37.30 A.M. EDT to conclude mission STS-78 after 272 orbits. It was the longest mission to date at 16 days 21 hours 48 minutes 30 seconds, and carried the Life and Microgravity Spacelab (LMS).

The five-day 11th World Conference on AIDS opened in Vancouver, British Columbia; over 15,000 participants heard researchers report evidence of major gains in the treatment of the disease.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Fred Neil, 65
. U.S. musician. Mr. Neil, born Frederick Ralph Morlock Jr., was a singer-songwriter and guitarist who was active from the late 1950s through the 1960s, and influenced many other singer-songwriters. His best-known composition was Everybody's Talkin', which was recorded by several artists, and was a major hit for Nilsson in 1969. Mr. Neil spent the last 30 years of his life in southern Florida trying to save dolphins and whales. He died after a three-year battle with skin cancer.

Two people were stabbed and many others injured during running battles between white and Asian youths in Bradford, England.

Edmonton (0-1-0-1) 28 @ British Columbia (1-0) 35 (OT)

This was the first regular season game for Tom Higgins as head coach of the Eskimos, and the first regular season overtime played with a maximum of 2 possessions of the ball per team. There had been a maximum of 4 possessions per team in overtime in 2000, but games were taking so long to play that the league decided to modify the format.

John Halama pitched the first 9-inning perfect game in Pacific Coast League history as the Tacoma Rainiers blanked the Calgary Cannons 6-0 at Cheney Stadium in Tacoma. Mr. Halama struck out 9 batters.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Dick Williams, 82
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Williams was an outfielder and infielder with five major league teams from 1951-1964, batting .260 with 70 home runs and 331 runs batted in in 1,023 games. He managed the Toronto Maple Leafs to consecutive International League championships in 1965 and 1966 and managed six major league teams from 1967-1988, compiling a regular season record of 1,571-1,451. In his first season, Mr. Williams led the Boston Red Sox to the American League pennant after they had finished 9th the year before. He joined the Oakland Athletics in 1971, winning the AL West Division pennant in his first season, followed by World Series championships in 1972 and 1973. Mr. Williams led the San Diego Padres to their first National League pennant in 1984, becoming one of eight managers to win pennants in both major leagues. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as a manager in 2008, and died of a ruptured aortic aneurysm.

Allan W. Eckert, 80. U.S. writer and naturalist. Mr. Eckert wrote historical novels, biographies, and dramatizations for adults and children, many of them based on his experience as a naturalist. His best-known novel was probably Incident at Hawk's Hill (1971), and he wrote the outdoor drama Tecumseh! (1973). Mr. Eckert wrote 225 episodes of the television nature program Mutual of Omaha's Wild Kingdom (1971-1987).

U.S. forces took over control of Kandahar base, ending more than five years of Canadian involvement in Afghanistan.

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