Saturday, 3 July 2021

July 3, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Nastya!

1,700 years ago

Born on this date
Valentinian I
. Emperor of the Roman Empire, 364-375. Flavius Valentinianus and his brother Flavius Valens were sons of the prominent military commander Gratianus Funarius. Valentinian fell into disfavour and exile in the late 350s, but became a tribune in the early 360s, and was chosen to succeed Jovian as Emperor of the Western Empire; he appointed Valens as co-Emperor in the Eastern Empire. Valentinian I achieved military victories over Alamanni, Quadi, and Sarmatian forces, and his general Count Theodosius defeated a revolt in Africa and the Great Conspiracy, a coordinated assault on Roman Britain by Picts, Scots, and Saxons. Emperor Valentinian suffered a fatal stroke on November 17, 375 at the age of 54 while yelling at Quadi envoys, and was succeeded as Emperor by his sons Gratian and Valentinian II.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Doris Lloyd
. U.K.-born U.S. actress. Miss Lloyd appeared in many radio and television shows (including a number of episodes of Alfred Hitchcock Presents and The Alfred Hitchcock Hour), and more than 150 movies from 1920 to 1967. Her movies included Waterloo Bridge (1931); Tarzan the Ape Man (1932); A Study in Scarlet (1933); Tovarich (1937); The Letter (1940); The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942); The House of Fear (1945); Three Strangers (1946); and The Sound of Music (1965). Miss Lloyd died on May 21, 1968 at the age of 71.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Ruth Crawford Seeger
. U.S. composer. Mrs. Seeger was a modernist classical composer in the 1920s and '30s. After her marriage to musicologist Charles Seeger in 1935, she became prominent in arranging and preserving American folk music. Mrs. Seeger was the stepmother of folk musician Pete Seeger and the mother of musicians Mike and Peggy Seeger. Mrs. Seeger died on November 18, 1953 at the age of 52.

Billy Cochrane drove the first automobile in Calgary--a steam-powered Locomobile, steered by a tiller rather than a wheel.

Cy Young (14-3) pitched an 8-hitter for his 300th career major league win as the Boston Americans beat the Baltimore Orioles 9-1 before 2,369 fans at Huntington Avenue Baseball Grounds in Boston.

The Detroit Tigers scored 2 runs in the top of the 16th inning to break a 5-5 tie as they beat the Milwaukee Brewers 7-5 before 750 fans at Lloyd Street Grounds in Milwaukee. Roscoe Miller (7-6) pitched a 13-hit complete game victory, allowing just 1 earned run, while losing pitcher Ned Garvin (2-9) allowed 14 hits and 4 earned runs in a complete game.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Susan Peters
. U.S. actress. Miss Peters, born Suzanne Carnahan, showed promise in the early 1940s, receiving an Acadmy Award nomination for her supporting performance in Random Harvest (1942). On New Year's Day, 1945, she and her husband, director Richard Quine, were hunting, and her gun accidentally discharged and injured her spinal cord, leaving her a paraplegic. Miss Peters had trouble finding work after that, but starred in the movie The Sign of the Ram (1948) and a stage production of The Glass Menagerie (1949). She starred in the television soap opera Miss Susan (1951), but her health declined during the program's nine-month run. Miss Peters suffered from depression, and seemed to lose the will to win; she stopped eating and drinking, which hastened her death at the age of 31 on October 23, 1952.

François Reichenbach. French film director, producer, cinematographer, and screenwriter. Mr. Reichenbach directed 40 movies and numerous television programs from 1954-1992. He died on February 2, 1993 at the age of 71.

90 years ago

World heavyweight champion Max Schmeling (44-4-3) retained his title with a technical knockout of Young Stribling (207-11-14) at 2:46 of the 15th round before 37,000 fans at Municipal Stadium in Cleveland. It was the first event held at the stadium, two days after its official opening.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Friedrich Akel, 69
. Elder of State of Estonia, 1924. Dr. Akel, an ophthalmologist, served as Estonia's foreign minister three times, and was Elder (Head) of State from March-December 1924. He was imprisoned by the U.S.S.R. secret police force NKVD in October 1940, and was shot to death in Tallinn.

British and Free French forces captured Tadmur in central Syria after a 13-day siege. U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin, in a nationwide radio broadcast, urged total "scorched earth" resistance to the German invasion, including the formation of guerrilla units behind enemy lines.

The Chinese government notified Germany and Italy that it had broken diplomatic relations with them as of July 2 because of their recognition of the regime in Nanking led by Wang Ching-wei.

Following the policy of the United States, the Costa Rican government declared its non-belligerency rather than neutrality in the European war.

U.S. Army Chief of Staff General George Marshall submitted a semi-annual report recommending that Congress remove restrictions on sending troops overseas and empower the Army to retain draftees, National Guardsmen, and reserve officers indefinitely. The Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies shortened its name to the Committee to Defend America. The Swedish government sued Vultee Aircraft Corporation in New York for failure to deliver 144 Vultee pursuit planes ordered in 1940.

The U.S. National Education Association adopted a resolution opposing the employment of any teacher who advocated changing the form of government of the United States by unconstitutional means.

A U.S. federal grand jury indicted Wilson & Company, Armour & Company, Swift & Company, two trade associations and seven individuals for conspiring to fix the prices of slaughtered hogs.

An earthquake struck the Andean provinces of Mendoza and San Juan in Argentina, killing at least three people.

75 years ago

The Belgrade court trying Yugoslavian Chetnik leader Draja Mikhailovich for collaboration with the Nazis during World War II refused to allow American or British witnesses to appear for the defendant or to admit a statement from German General Alfred Jodl that Mr. Mikhailovich had been regarded by the Germans as an enemy.

Palestine High Commissioner Sir Alan Cunningham commuted to life imprisonment the death sentences of Joseph Simkhon and Isaac Ashbel, members of the Irgun Zvai Leumi captured in a raid on a British Army camp.

Politics and government
Union Nationale candidate Charles French won a Quebec provincial by-election in the riding of Compton, receiving 6,146 votes to 3,541 for Liberal candidate Waymer Laberee and 623 for Aurélien Quintin of the Bloc populaire. The by-election had been necessitated by the death of Liberal MLA W.J. Duffy. The UN had emphasized the policy of provincial autonomy promoted by Premier Maurice Duplessis.

The U.S. Senate passed the Kilgore-Magnuson bill, creating the National Science Foundation.

The American Bar Association meeting in Chicago set up a committee to pass on the qualifications of candidates for the federal bench and to take action to oust unfit justices.

A strike began at Exploration Company's Nickel Plate operation in Kelowna, British Columbia; the strike lasted until December 11, 1946.

U.S. President Harry Truman signed the Hobbs anti-racketeering bill, barring labour interference with interstate commerce.

70 years ago

On television tonight
Suspense, on CBS
Tonight's episode: Blood on the Trumpet, starring John Forsythe, Virginia Gibson, and Cloris Leachman

Died on this date
Hugh Casey, 37
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Casey was a relief pitcher with the Chicago Cubs (1935); Brooklyn Dodgers (1939-1942, 1946-1948); Pittsburgh Pirates (1949); and New York Yankees (1949), compiling a record of 75-42 with an earned run average of 3.45 and 55 saves in 343 regular season games and 2-2 with a 1.72 ERA and 1 save in 9 World Series games. He led the National League in saves in 1942 (13) and 1947 (18). Mr. Casey was a heavy drinker, and was the subject of a paternity suit, whose claims he vehemently denied. He shot himself in the neck while talking with his estranged wife on the telephone frm a hotel room in Atlanta. Mr. Casey was a friend of author Ernest Hemingway, and they used to put on boxing gloves for sparring sessions against each other. Mr. Hemingway shot himself on July 2, 1961, the day before the 10th anniversary of Mr. Casey's suicide.

U.S. General Matthew Ridgway, supreme commander of United Nations forces in Korea, accepted terms for the beginning of peace talks aimed at achieving a cease-fire in the Korean War.

U.S. President Harry Truman submitted a request for a $4.5-billion supplemental appropriation for military construction in fiscal 1952.

Sam Snead defeated Walter Burkemo 7 and 6 in the final round of match play to win the PGA Championship at Oakmont Country Club in Oakmont, Pennsylvania. First prize money was $3,500.

Bill DiBenedetto of the Hornell Dodgers of the Class D Pennsylvania-Ontario-New York League set a professional record by walking 21 batters in a 5-1 loss to the Corning Athletics.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): La Novia--Antonio Prieto

#1 single in France (IFOP): Nous les amoureux--Jean-Claude Pascal

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Quarter to Three--U.S. Bonds (2nd week at #1)
2 Tossin' and Turnin'--Bobby Lewis
3 The Boll Weevil Song--Brook Benton
4 Raindrops--Dee Clark
5 The Writing on the Wall--Adam Wade
6 Moody River--Pat Boone
7 Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson
8 Every Beat of My Heart--The Pips
9 Those Oldies But Goodies (Remind Me of You)--Little Caesar and the Romans
10 Yellow Bird--Arthur Lyman Group

Singles entering the chart were The Fish by Bobby Rydell (#60); Last Night by the Mar-Keys (#68); Eventually by Brenda Lee (#72); Pretty Little Angel Eyes by Curtis Lee (#74); I'll Be There by Damita Jo (#81); Time Was by the Flamingos (#83); A Tear by Gene McDaniels (#84); Don't Bet Money Honey by Linda Scott (#85); I Dreamed of a Hill-Billy Heaven by Tex Ritter (#86); Tender Years by George Jones (#90); Granada by Frank Sinatra (#91); My True Story by the Jive Five with Joe Rene and Orchestra (#92); Princess by Frank Gari (#95); La Dolce Vita (The Sweet Life) by Ray Ellis and his Orchestra (#96); Broken Hearted by the Miracles (#97); One Summer Night by the Diamonds (#98); Peanuts by Rick and the Keens (#99); and The Guns of Navarone by Joe Reisman's Orchestra & Chorus (#100). La Dolce Vita (The Sweet Life) was a version of the title theme of the movie. The Guns of Navarone was a version of the title theme of the movie.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Rhodesia (Lyons Maid): Put Your Hand in the Hand--Alan Garrity (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Pensieri e parole--Lucio Battisti (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): O'Brien Has No Place to Go--Brendan Shine (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (3rd week at #1)

Australia's Top 10 (Go-Set)
1 Too Young to Be Married--The Hollies (3rd week at #1)
2 Hot Love--T. Rex
3 Eagle Rock--Daddy Cool
4 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
5 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Allison Durbin
6 Joy to the World--Three Dog Night
7 Mozart: Symphony No. 40 In G Minor K.550 1° Movement (Allegro Molto)--Waldo de Los Rios
8 I Am...I Said--Neil Diamond
9 (Where Do I Begin) Love Story--Andy Williams
10 Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road
--Lally Stott

Singles entering the chart were Love Her Madly by the Doors (#37); Henry Ford by the Mixtures (#42); L.A. International Airport by Susan Raye (#51); and How Great Thou Art by Matt Flinders (#60).

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Double Barrel--Dave & Ansil Collins (3rd week at #1)
2 Che Sará--José Feliciano
3 Zou Het Erg Zijn Lieve Opa--Wilma met Vader Abraham
4 My Darling Helena!--The Walkers
5 Put Your Hand in the Hand--Ocean
6 Co Co--The Sweet
7 Tweedle Dee Tweedle Dum--Middle of the Road
8 Rosetta--Georgie Fame & Alan Price
9 Me and You and a Dog Named Boo--Lobo
10 Soldiers Prayer--Oscar Harris and the Twinkle Stars

Singles entering the chart were How Can You Mend a Broken Heart by the Bee Gees (#25); Virgin by Brainbox (#30); Railroadsong by April Shower (#32); Zigeuner Tango by Kermis Klanten (#36); Let's Go to the Beach by Dizzy Man's Band (#37); and Ik Laat Je Niet Gaan by Anja (#39).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 It's Too Late/I Feel the Earth Move--Carole King (3rd week at #1)
2 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
3 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
4 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
5 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
6 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
7 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
8 You've Got a Friend--James Taylor
9 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
10 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr

Singles entering the chart were Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology) by Marvin Gaye (#70); Mighty Clouds of Joy by B.J. Thomas (#73); Riders on the Storm by the Doors (#74); In These Changing Times by the Four Tops (#79); Whatcha See is Whatcha Get by the Dramatics (#80); Hot Pants (She Got to Use What She Got to Get What She Wants) by James Brown (#88); K-Jee by the Nite-Liters (#93); Hill Where the Lord Hides by Chuck Mangione (#94); Love is Life by Earth, Wind & Fire (#96); Near You by Boz Scaggs (#97); and One-Way Ticket by Tyrone Davis (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 It’s Too Late—Carole King (2nd week at #1)
2 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
3 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
4 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
5 Want Ads--The Honey Cone
6 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
7 Don’t Knock My Love - Pt. I--Wilson Pickett
8 Mr. Big Stuff--Jean Knight
9 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
10 She's Not Just Another Woman--8th Day

Singles entering the chart were Hot Pants Pt. 1 (She Got to Use What She Got to Get What She Wants) by James Brown (#69); Riders on the Storm by the Doors (#74); Liar by Three Dog Night (#76); You're the One for Me by Joe Simon (#82); He's So Fine by Jody Miller (#84); Love Me by the Rascals (#92); You're a Lady by Gene Chandler (#93); The Sound of Silence by Peaches & Herb (#94); When You Get Right Down to It by Ronnie Dyson (#95); Mother Nature's Wine by Sugarloaf (#97); So Long, Marianne by Brian Hyland (#98); Ain't No Sunshine by Bill Withers (#99); and I Been Movedby Andy Kim (#100).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 It’s Too Late—Carole King
2 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
3 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
4 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr
5 Treat Her Like a Lady—Cornelius Brothers & Sister Rose
6 Don't Pull Your Love--Hamilton, Joe Frank & Reynolds
7 I’ll Meet You Halfway—The Partridge Family
8 Don't Knock My Love--Wilson Pickett
9 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
10 You've Got a Friend--James Taylor

Singles entering the chart were Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology) by Marvin Gaye (#64); Riders on the Storm by the Doors (#68); You're the One for Me by Joe Simon (#80); He's So Fine by Jody Miller (#81); Crazy About the La La La by Smokey Robinson & the Miracles (#87); Mighty Clouds of Joy by B.J. Thomas (#91); Smiling Faces Sometimes by the Undisputed Truth (#93); Love is Life by Earth, Wind & Fire (#95); The Last Time I Saw Her by Glen Campbell (#96); The Language of Love by the Intrigues (#98); Take My Hand by Kenny Rogers and the First Edition (#99); and I Need Someone (To Love Me) by Z.Z. Hill (#100).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 It Don’t Come Easy--Ringo Starr (3rd week at #1)
2 It’s Too Late—Carole King
3 Rainy Days and Mondays—Carpenters
4 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
5 Signs--Five Man Electrical Band
6 When You're Hot, You're Hot--Jerry Reed
7 Sweet and Innocent--Donny Osmond
8 I Don't Know How to Love Him--Helen Reddy
9 Double Lovin'--The Osmonds
10 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones

Singles entering the chart were She's Not Just Another Woman by 8th Day (#55); Watching the River Flow by Bob Dylan (#66); Beginnings by Chicago (#70); I Been Moved by Andy Kim (#76); How Can You Mend a Broken Heart by the Bee Gees (#77); Caught in a Dream by Alice Cooper (#79); He's So Fine by Jody Miller (#81); I Hear Those Church Bells Ringing by Dusk (#82); Follow Me by Mary Travers (#90); Sunshower in the Spring by Terry McManus (#95); Resurrection Shuffle by Ashton, Gardner & Dyke (#96); Mother Nature's Wine by Sugarloaf (#97); I'll Give You the Earth by Keith Michell (#98); Bring the Boys Home by Freda Payne (#99); and Rings by Cymarron (#100).

Calgary's Top 10 (Glenn's Music)
1 It's Too Late--Carole King
2 I'll Meet You Halfway--The Partridge Family
3 It Don't Come Easy--Ringo Starr
4 Rainy Days and Mondays--Carpenters
5 Never Ending Song of Love--Delaney & Bonnie & Friends
6 Indian Reservation (The Lament of the Cherokee Reservation Indian)--Raiders
7 Deep Enough for Me--Ocean
8 Sweet City Woman--Stampeders
9 Brown Sugar--The Rolling Stones
10 I Love You Lady Dawn--The Bells
Pick hit of the week: Wishbone--Jackie Mittoo

Died on this date
Jim Morrison, 27
. U.S. singer and songwriter. Mr. Morrison was the lead singer with the rock group the Doors. He and keyboard player Ray Manzarek co-founded the group in Venice, California in 1965, and experienced commercial success with hit singles such as Light My Fire (1967) and Hello, I Love You (1968). Mr. Morrison was a voracious reader, but was also a heavy drinker, and both habits influenced his career. He was livin gin Paris when he was found dead in his apartment bathtub in Parisof an apparent overdose of heroin,
although heart failure was listed as the official cause of death.

Politics and government
Golkar, led by Suprapto Sukowati, won 236 of 360 seats in the People's Representative Council in the Indonesian legislative election, the country's first in 16 years.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Hubba Hubba Zoot-Zoot--Caramba (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in France (IFOP): Pour le plaisir--Herbert Léonard (6th week at #1)

South Africa's Top 10 (Springbok Radio)
1 More and More--Joe Dolan (2nd week at #1)
2 In the Air Tonight--Phil Collins
3 Angel of the Morning--Juice Newton
4 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
5 Turn Me Loose--Loverboy
6 This Ole House--Shakin' Stevens
7 Antmusic--Adam & the Ants
8 Santa Maria--Alan Garrity
9 Do You Feel My Love--Eddy Grant
10 Keep on Loving You--REO Speedwagon

Singles entering the chart were Stand and Deliver by Adam & the Ants (#18); and Lately by Rudy Grant (#19).

Died on this date
Ross Martin, 61
. U.S. actor. Mr. Martin, born Martin Rosenblatt, appeared in numerous plays, movies, and radio and television programs in a career spanning more than 30 years. He was best known for playing Artemus Gordon in the Western television series The Wild Wild West (1965-1969). Mr. Martin died of a heart attack after playing tennis.

The Arctic Explorer, a ship under charter to the Canadian government for surveys off the East Coast, sank off Newfoundland's northern tip, and 13 people drowned.

Edmonton (1-0) 47 @ Ottawa (0-1) 21

The Eskimos' win over the Rough Riders was their first in a regular season game at Lansdowne Park in 20 years.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Senza una donna--Zucchero featuring Paul Young (3rd week at #1)

The Canadian government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney began the process leading to the privatization of Petro-Canada.

The Ontario Court of Appeal rejected Air Canada's bid to stop the $8-million sale of Air Toronto to Pacific Western Airlines Corporation; the two airlines had been struggling for ownership for 14 months.

An Ontario judge sentenced a youth to 16 months' detention for setting a $30-million tire fire in Hagersville, Ontario in February 1990; three others were also found guilty and got shorter sentences.

Ottawa (1-1) 32 @ Winnipeg (2-0) 45

25 years ago

Canadian Space Agency astronaut and NASA Payload Specialist Dr. Robert Thirsk, on U.S. space shuttle Columbia mission STS-78, continued the second of two integrated 72-hour Sleep and Circadian Rhythms Studies. He answered questions from students at three different schools in Canada, and performed left leg muscle strength, power and endurance tests in the Spacelab using the Torque Velocity Dynamometer. French Payload Specialist Dr. Jean-Jacques Favier put on head and torso sensors and resumed the Torso Rotation Experiment designed by Dr. Douglas Watt of McGill University to help identify the causes of motion sickness during space flight and develop countermeasures.

The Stone of Scone was returned to Scotland.

Politics and government
Boris Yeltsin captured 54.4% of the vote to win the runoff election for President of Russia. Communist Party candidate Gennady Zyuganov took 40.7% of the vote. 75 million Russians voted--a 67% turnout.

Saskatchewan (1-1) 29 @ Ottawa (0-2) 14

20 years ago

Died on this date
Mordecai Richler, 70
. Canadian writer. Mr. Richler, a native of Montreal, grew up in the city's Mile End area. He moved to London at the age of 19 and spent 20 years there, eventually returning to Montreal. Mr. Richler was known for novels about the area in which he grew up, including The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz (1959) and St. Urbain's Horseman (1971); the former was made into a movie in 1974, and Mr. Richler received an Academy Award nomination for his screenplay. He was also known for his journalism in Canadian and international publications, where he was frequently critical of Quebec nationalism and Canadian government-subsidized literature. Mr. Richler died of cancer in Montreal.

Johnny Russell, 61. U.S. musician. Mr. Russell was a country singer-songwriter and guitarist who had numerous singles, often comedic, on the country singles charts in the 1970s and '80s. His biggest hit was Rednecks, White Socks and Blue Ribbon Beer (1973), which reached #4 on the Billboard and #1 on the RPM country singles charts. Mr. Russell's best-known composition was the song Act Naturally, a hit for Buck Owens in 1963 and the Beatles in 1965. Mr. Russell died from complications of diabetes.

World events
Former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic refused to enter a plea on war crimes charges in his first appearance before a United Nations tribunal at The Hague.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Ali Bahar, 50-51
. Bahraini musician. Mr. Bahar was a singer and guitarist who led the band Al Ekhwa from 1986 until his death from kidney failure caused by pneumonia. He has been called the best musician in Bahrain's history.

Edmonton (1-0) 42 @ Saskatchewan (0-1) 28

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