Monday, 12 July 2021

July 11, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Lois Morrow and Dominika Szyling!

1,110 years ago

Charles the Simple, King of West Francia, and Norman Viking leader Rollo signed the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, establishing the Duchy of Normandy with Rollo as the first Duke of Normandy in exchange for his loyalty to the king of West Francia.

675 years ago

Politics and government
Charles IV, Count of Luxembourg and King of Bohemia, was elected King of the Romans.

270 years ago

Born on this date
Caroline Matilda
. Queen consort of Denmark and Norway, 1766-1772. Caroline Matilda, the posthumous daughter of Frederick, Prince of Wales and granddaughter of King George II, became queen consort of Denmark and Norway when she married King Christian VII, her first cousin. The couple were the parents of the future King Frederick VI, but the king had mental problems, and the queen had an affair with court physician Johann Friedrich Struensee. Dowager Queen Juliana Maria and her son Prince Frederick had Dr. Struensee executed, and forced the divorce of King Christian and Queen Caroline Matilda, who was banished to exile in Celle Castle in Hanover, and died of scarlet fever on May 10, 1775 at the age of 23.

225 years ago

The United States took possession of Detroit from Great Britain under terms of the Jay Treaty.

220 years ago

French astronomer Jean-Louis Pons co-discovered the first of his 37 comets, more than any other person in history.

175 years ago

Born on this date
Léon Bloy
. French writer. Mr. Bloy wrote two novels, but was mainly known for his essays in defense of Roman Catholicism. He died on November 3, 1917 at the age of 71.

140 years ago

Born on this date
Isabel Martin Lewis
. U.S. astronomer. Mrs. Lewis was active for more than 40 years, and worked at the U.S. Naval Observatory for most of her career. She derived a faster and more accurate method to determine where an eclipse would be visible, and also found a way to predict more occultations of the Moon. Mrs. Lewis died on July 31, 1966, 20 days after her 85th birthday.

130 years ago

Bob Leadley was fired as manager of the Cleveland Spiders and replaced by team captain Patsy Tebeau. The Spiders were in sixth place in the National League with a record of 34-34.

125 years ago

Politics and government
Liberal Party leader Wilfrid Laurier was sworn in as Prime Minister of Canada, becoming the first French-speaking Prime Minister in the country's history. William Fielding resigned as Premier of Nova Scotia to take the position of Minister of Finance in Mr. Laurier's cabinet.

120 years ago

Born on this date
Gwendolyn Lizarraga
. Belizean politician. Mrs. Lizarraga, popularly known as Madam Liz, was a successful farmer before entering politics. A member of the People's United Party, she represented Pickstock in the British Honduras (later Belize) House of Representatives (1961-1974), and was the first woman in the House. Madam Liz was also the colony's first female cabinet minister, with portfolios that included Education and Social Services. She declined to run in the 1974 general election because of declining health, and died on June 9, 1975 at the age of 73.

110 years ago

A forest fire broke out in Porcupine district near Timmins, Ontario. Fanned by high winds into a 25-mile-long front, the fire took 200 lives, left over 3,000 left homeless, and burned up about 850 square miles, destroying the mining communities of South Porcupine, Cochrane, and Goldlands, Ontario.

14 passengers aboard the Federal Express train of the New York‚ New Haven‚ and Hartford Railroad plunged down an 18-foot embankment outside Bridgeport, Connecticut. The train was carrying the St. Louis Cardinals baseball team to Boston to play the Braves; Cardinals' manager Roger Bresnahan had requested that their car be changed to a quieter location, and the day coach that replaced their former car was one of those crushed. The players helped with the rescue of other passengers and the recovery of bodies before boarding a special train to Boston, where that day's game was postponed.

The Canadian Professional Golfers Association was founded in Toronto.

100 years ago

The Red Army captured Mongolia from the White Army and established the Mongolian People's Republic.

A truce in the Irish War of Independence went into effect.

Former U.S. President William Howard Taft was sworn in as Chief Justice of the United States, making him the only person to date to have held both offices. He was the 27th President of the United States of America, holding the office from 1909-1913.

The safe at the offices of the Chicago White Sox baseball club in Comiskey Park was burglarized, as the door was blown open and $3,000--mostly receipts from that day's game--were stolen. White Sox' owner Charles Comiskey denied reports that the safe had contained papers pertaining to the players from the 1919 team who were now on trial for allegedly conspiring to fix the outcome of that year's World Series.

90 years ago

Died on this date
Alexander Donoghue, 67
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Donoghue was an outfielder and shortstop with the Philadelphia Phillies (1891), batting .318 with no home runs and 2 runs batted in in 6 games. He played 11 seasons in independent and minor leagues (1886-1896).

The New York Giants and Philadelphia Phillies split a doubleheader before 18,000 fans at National League Park in Philadelphia. The Giants won the first game 23-5, amassing 28 hits, 22 off Dutch Schussler, who pitched 8 innings in relief of starter and loser Jumbo Elliott (11-8). Freddy Leach led the New York attack with 5 hits, including a home run. Bill Terry, Mel Ott, and Sam Leslie also homered for the Giants, who hit 7 doubles. Chuck Klein doubled home Fred Brickell with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning to conclude a 2-run rally as the Phillies won the second game 6-5, despite another homer by Mr. Ott. Ray Benge (7-13) won over Bill Walker (7-4), with both pitching complete games.

Les Sweetland (7-4) pitched an 8-hitter and doubled home the game's first 3 runs in the 3rd inning to lead the Chicago Cubs to a 9-2 win over the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of a doubleheader before 20,000 fans at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh. Each team scored a run in the 9th inning of the second game, with Pie Traynor singling home Adam Comorosky with 2 out to tie the score 5-5. The teams played a scoreless 10th inning, and the game was called at an arranged time in order for the Cubs to catch a train to St. Louis.

The Washington Nationals scored 3 runs in the bottom of the 1st inning and coasted to a 7-1 win over the Boston Red Sox in the first game of a doubleheader before 10,000 fans at Griffith Stadium in Washington. Lloyd Brown (9-8) pitched a 9-hit complete game victory. Pinch hitter Bill McWilliams grounded into a double play in the 9th inning in his major league debut. Sam West doubled home Harry Rice and Heinie Manush with none out and the bases loaded in the bottom of the 9th to give the Nationals an 8-7 win in the second game to complete the sweep.

Lou Gehrig hit a 2-run home run in the 4th inning and Jimmie Reese added a solo homer in the 5th to enable the New York Yankees to come from an early 1-0 deficit to defeat the Philadelphia Athletics 3-1 before 35,000 fans at Yankee Stadium. The homers were the only New York hits. Red Ruffing (7-10) pitched a 4-hitter to win the pitchers' duel over Hank McDonald (1-4).

With 2 out and nobody on base in the top of the 11th inning, Dick Porter singled and Earl Averill followed with a 2-run home run to break a 4-4 tie, and the Cleveland Indians added another run as they beat the Chicago White Sox 7-4 before 5,000 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago.

80 years ago

Died on this date
Arthur Evans, 90
. U.K. archaeologist. Sir Arthur was a journalist and keeper of the Ashmolean Museum at the University of Oxford who was a pioneer in the study of Aegean civilization in the Bronze Age. He was best known for unearthing the palace of Knossos on the Greek island of Crete in the early 1900s. Sir Arthur died three days after his 90th birthday.

The U.S.S.R.'s three ranking marshals--Klementy Voroshilov, Semyon Timoshenko, and Semyon Budenny--were placed in command of the Leningrad, Moscow, and Kiev fronts respectively. The Vichy French regime rejected British armistice terms in Syria, and fighting continued on all fronts.

Argentina announced that Peru had accepted "in principle" the offer of the United States, Brazil, and Argentina to mediate the Peruvian-Ecuadorian border dispute.

U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau ordered customs officials to seize 18 Axis ships under the Espionage Act of 1917. Former Columbia University professor Friedrich Ernst Auhagen was convicted in Washington of failing to register as a German propaganda agent, and was sentenced to 8 months-2 years in prison and a $1,000 fine.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed William J. Donovan as head of a new civilian intelligence agency with the title of coordinator of defense information.

Politics and government
The Northern Rhodesian Labour Party held its first congress in Nkana.

City College of New York tutor Morris Schappes was sentenced to 18 months-2 years in Sing Sing prison after his June 28 conviction on four counts of perjury during his testimony on the Communist movement before the Rapp-Coudert committee.

Economics and finance
The Japanese government announced its decision to assume control of the nation's financial system, making private financial insitutions virtual susidiaries of the Bank of Japan.

The U.S. Office for the Coordination of Commercial and Cultural Relations between the American Republics announced that approximately 1,800 Latin American firms and individuals with Axis connections had been put on a trade "blacklist."

American Federation of Musicians President James Petrillo ordered the union's 138,000 members to play The Star-Spangled Banner at the beginning and end of every musical program.

11 men were killed in a mine explosion in Acmar, Alabama.

75 years ago

Died on this date
Carlos Arosemena, 78
. Panamanian politician. Mr. Arosomena led Panama's independence movement; he died in New York City.

Cagney Productions announced in Hollywood that they had signed American World War II hero Audie Murphy to a contract as an actor.

A U.S. military court in Dachau convicted 73 SS soldiers, including General Joseph "Sepp" Dietrich for murdering American prisoners and Belgian civilians during the Battle of the Bulge in 1944-1945.

A U.S. Joint Chief of Staffs evaluation board and a presidential commission reported that the recent Bikini Atoll atomic bomb blast had damaged more vessels than any previous single explosion, and concluded that ships' superstructures must be redesigned. The U.S. War Department announced plans for a National Guard of 682,114 men in mobile units, twice the pre-World War II force.

Politics and government
The New York Liberal Party nominated U.S. Senator James Mead (Democrat--New York) as its candidate for Governor of New York and former Governor and United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration Director Herbert Lehman as its candidate for United States Senator in the November 1946 elections.

The U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities made public a report by Chief Counsel Ernie Adamson charging that physicists at the government's Oak Ridge, Tennessee nuclear facility were guilty of subversive activities.

King George VI attended a service of thanksgiving for the preservation of Canterbury Cathedral, becoming the first English king since 1660 to visit the cathedral.

Economics and finance
U.S. Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion Director John Steelman stated in his agency's seventh quarterly report that the country must choose between high inflation or government control of the economy.

U.S. National Farmers Union President James Patterson disclosed that his organization had broken with the administration of U.S. President Harry Truman in a dispute over agricultural subsidies.

70 years ago

On the radio
Pete Kelly's Blues, starring Jack Webb, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Veda Brand

Alan Freed hosted his first Moondog Rock ‘n’ Roll Party on Cleveland station WJW, focusing on rhythm and blues records, helping to create a new audience for what came to be known as rock and roll.

Crime in America, U.S. Senator Estes Kefauver's account of the work of the Senate Crime Investigating Committee, was published in New York by Doubleday.

Luxembourg ended its state of war with Germany.

Communist China broadcast North Korean truce terms, including a prisoner exchange; mutual withdrawal to lines 10 kilometres from the 38th Parallel; and eventual withdrawal of all foreign troops from Korea.

Italian Prime Minister Alcide de Gasperi threatened to quit the Atlantic pact if the U.S.A., U.K., and France did not make good on their 1948 declaration that Trieste should be given back to Italy.

Politics and government
The administration of U.S. President Truman released a report urging the indefinite extension of the Economic Cooperation Administration beyond its mid-1952 termination date and broadening of its authority to include functions of the wartime Foreign Economic Administration.

New York U.S. Federal Judge Sylvester Ryan revoked the bail of 15 secondary Communist Party U.S.A. leaders indicted for conspiracy, claiming that the bond sources (the Civil Rights Congress and the Frederick Vanderbilt Field) were "unworthy of trust."

Harlem Hospital in New York announced the successful treatment of venereal diseases with the antibiotic terramycin.

Iranian Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh agreed to let U.S. President Harry Truman send special foreign affairs adviser Averell Harriman to Iran in an effort to settle the U.K.-Iranian oil dispute.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Hello Mary Lou/Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson

Died on this date
Sidney Cole, 31
. U.S. jockey. Mr. Cole was killed when he was thrown off a filly named Laurel Mae while working her out at Aqueduct Racetrack in New York.

Terry Downes (28-7) of London won the world middleweight title with a 10-round technical knockout of Paul Pender (39-6-2) at Empire Pool, Wembley, London. Mr. Pender retired from the fight after the 9th round because of a severe cut over his right eye.

Von Clay (15-4-2) knocked Kirk Barrow (22-6-1) down twice and out in the 5th round of a heavyweight bout at Interstate Fairgrounds in Spokane, Washington. It was the second time in six weeks that Mr. Clay had knocked out Mr. Barrow, with both bouts taking place in Mr. Barrow's hometown.

Major League All-Star Game 1 @ Candlestick Park, San Francisco
American League 4 @ National League 5 (10 innings)

Hank Aaron, Willie Mays, and Roberto Clemente hit consecutive singles in the bottom of the 10th inning as the National League rallied for 2 runs to defeat the American League before 44,115 fans in the first of two major league All-Star Games of 1961. The NL was leading 3-1 after 8 innings, but the AL scored 2 in the top of the 9th to tie it, with the tying run scoring on a balk after a gust of wind blew relief pitcher Stu Miller off the mound. The AL took a 4-3 lead with a run in the top of the 10th inning. Harmon Killebrew of the Minnesota Twins hit a home run for the AL, while George Altman of the Chicago Cubs homered for the NL.

50 years ago

Died on this date
John W. Campbell, 61
. U.S. journalist and author. Mr. Campbell wrote science fiction stories under his own name and pseudonyms such as Don A. Stuart. His best-known fiction was the novella Who Goes There? (1938), which was adapted into the movie The Thing from Another World (1951) and two remakes. Mr. Campbell had his greatest impact as editor of Astounding Science Fiction (later renamed Analog Science Fiction and Fact) from 1937 until his death from heart failure.

Pedro Rodríguez, 31. Mexican auto racing driver. Mr. Rodríguez participated in 55 Formula One races (1963-1971), winning the South African Grand Prix in 1967 and the Belgian Grand Prix in 1970. He was killed while competing in a Ferrari during an Interserie sports car race in Nuremberg.

Monique Liebert, 22; Claudine Liebert, 20; Daniel Berland, 20. French crime victims. The three were on vacation in England when they were shot by Michael Bassett, who committed suicide two days later.

U.S. national security adviser Henry Kissinger concluded a secret three-day visit to Peking.

Economics and finance
Copper mines in Chile were nationalized.

California Angels' right fielder Tony Conigliaro called a press conference at 5 A.M. in Oakland, saying that he feared "ending up in a straitjacket with the other nuts" on the team, and was thinking about retiring. Mr. Conigliaro, acquired from the Boston Red Sox in an off-season trade, was batting .222 with 4 home runs and 15 runs batted in in 74 games with the Angels after hitting 36 homers in 1970. His vision, impaired in a 1967 beaning, was deteriorating, leading to a poor season in 1971. Mr. Conigliaro's announcement came less than 2 days after he batted 0 for 8 with 5 strikeouts and was ejected by home plate umpire George Maloney after disputing the final strike call in the 19th inning of the Angels' 1-0 20-inning loss to the Oakland Athletics.

Deron Johnson hit 3 home runs and drove in 5 runs to lead the Philadelphia Phillies to an 11-5 win over the Montreal Expos before 10,321 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Montreal starting pitcher Carl Morton lasted just 2.1 innings, but hit a 2-run homer in the 2nd inning to give the Expos a 5-2 lead. The Phillies scored 7 runs in the 6th.

Gary Nolan (7-9) pitched a 6-hitter and singled in the last 2 runs of a 7-run 6th inning for the Cincinnati Reds as they beat the Neew York Mets 7-2 in the first game of a doubleheader before 35,504 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati. Tony Perez batted 3 for 5 with 2 home runs and 5 runs batted in, and his second home, a 3-run blast with 1 out in the 8th, enabled the Reds to win the second game 5-3 to complete the sweep. Jon Matlack made his major league debut as New York's starting pitcher in the second game, allowing 6 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 7 innings, striking out 1 batter and walking none, striking out in both his plate appearances.

Gene Michael led off the bottom of the 9th inning with a single, advanced to second base on a sacrifice bunt by Lindy McDaniel, and scored on a single by Horace Clarke to give the New York Yankees a 3-2 win over the Boston Red Sox before 23,104 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Yankees had tied the score in the 8th on consecutive 2-out singles by Roy White, Ron Blomberg, and Thurman Munson. Mr. McDaniel (4-8) pitched 2 scoreless innings in relief of Fritz Peterson, while Ray Culp (10-7) allowed 12 hits in a complete game to take the loss.

After the first 2 batters were retired in the bottom of the 10th inning, Tom McCraw tripled, Frank Howard was intentionally walked, Elliott Maddox drew a base on balls to load the bases, and Dave Nelson hit an infield single to score Mr. McCraw, giving the Washington Senators a 4-3 win over the Detroit Tigers before 10,674 fans at Robert F. Kennedy Stadium in Washington.

Ron Theobald singled to lead off the 9th inning and scored on a bases-loaded sacrifice fly by Ted Kubiak for the game's only run as the Milwaukee Brewers edged the Chicago White Sox 1-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 24,022 fans at White Sox Park. Marty Pattin (8-9) was 1 out away from a 2-hit shutout, but Rick Reichardt and Bill Melton singled, and John Morris relieved Mr. Pattin and retired pinch hitter Rich McKinney on a ground out to shortstop to end the game. Losing pitcher Tommy John (7-10) pitched a 7-hit complete game. Ed Herrmann's home run with 1 out in the bottom of the 5th provided the scoring as the White Sox won the second game 1-0. Wilbur Wood (9-5) pitched a 5-hitter to outduel Bill Parsons (8-10), who also pitched a 5-hitter.

Jim Nettles hit a solo home run with 2 out in the bottom of the 10th inning to give the Minnesota Twins a 6-5 win over the Kansas City Roayls in the first game of a doubleheader before 18,207 fans at Metropolitan Stadium in Bloomington. The Twins had tied the score on George Mitterwald's solo homer with 1 out in the 8th. Mr. Nettles added a 2-run homer in the second game as the Twins won 7-1 to complete the sweep. Ray Corbin (6-6) pitched a 10-hitter to win over Dick Drago (9-5).

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Enola Gay--OMD (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): I've Seen That Face Before (Libertango)--Grace Jones (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland: One Day in Your Life--Michael Jackson (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): One Day In Your Life--Michael Jackson (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Ghost Town--The Specials

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 How 'bout Us--Champaign (7th week at #1)
2 Chequered Love--Kim Wilde
3 I've Seen That Face Before--Grace Jones
4 Only Crying--Keith Marshall
5 Ma Quale Idea--Pino D'Angiò
6 Klap Maar In Je Handen (Live)--Peter Koelewijn en Zijn Rockets
7 You Drive Me Crazy--Shakin' Stevens
8 Stand & Deliver--Adam and the Ants
9 Don't Stop--K.i.D.
10 Attention to Me--The Nolans

Singles entering the chart were Caribbean Disco Show by Lobo (#14); One Day in Your Life by Michael Jackson (#16); Wij Zijn de Lachkabouters by Sandy (#30); Wasn't That a Party by the Rovers (#31); We'll Go Out Tonight by Daniel Sahuleka (#34); and Can-Can by Bad Manners (#30).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (8th week at #1)
2 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
3 The One that You Love--Air Supply
4 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
5 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
6 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
7 Medley--Stars on 45
8 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
9 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
10 Slow Hand--The Pointer Sisters

Singles entering the chart were Endless Love by Diana Ross and Lionel Richie (#54); Don't Give it Up by Robbie Patton (#76); Stranger by Jefferson Starship (#77); Under the Covers by Janis Ian (#81); Breaking Away by Balance (#82); You Don't Know Me by Mickey Gilley (#83); Nothing Ever Goes as Planned by Styx (#85); That Old Song by Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio (#86); and Secrets by Mac Davis (#87).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (6th week at #1)
2 The One that You Love—Air Supply
3 Medley--Stars on 45
4 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
5 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
6 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
7 All Those Years Ago—George Harrison
8 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
9 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
10 This Little Girl—Gary U.S. Bonds

Singles entering the chart were Don't Give it Up by Robbie Patton (#74); Nothing Ever Goes as Planned by Styx (#83); Breaking Away by Balance (#84); Under the Covers by Janis Ian (#86); Stranger by Jefferson Starship (#87); That Old Song by Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio (#88); Medley II by Stars on 45 (#89); and You Don't Know Me by Mickey Gilley (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 The One that You Love--Air Supply
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
4 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
5 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
6 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
7 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 Medley--Stars on 45
9 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
10 A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do)--Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio

Singles entering the chart were Don't Give it Up by Robbie Patton (#81); Someday, Someway by Robert Gordon (#84); Under the Covers by Janis Ian (#86); Suzi by Randy Vanwarmer (#87); Stranger by Jefferson Starship (#88); Shake it Up Tonight by Cheryl Lynn (#89); and Nothing Ever Goes as Planned by Styx (#90).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
2 Sukiyaki—A Taste of Honey
3 The Waiting--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
4 Gemini Dream--The Moody Blues
5 Winning--Santana
6 Arc of a Diver--Steve Winwood
7 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
8 A Life of Illusion--Joe Walsh
9 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer
10 Beatles Medley--Stars on 45

Singles entering the chart were She Wants to Know by Lisa Dal Bello (#21); The Stroke by Billy Squier (#24); Tempted by Squeeze (#26); and Sweet Baby by Stanley Clarke/George Duke (#29).

Died on this date
Hubert Johnson, 40
. U.S. singer. Mr. Johnson, a cousin of singer Jackie Wilson, sang bass with the Contours, who recorded with Motown Corporation in the early 1960s and were best known for the single Do You Love Me (1962). Mr. Johnson suffered from depression, and committed suicide in Detroit by taking rat poison and shooting himself in the head.

Ottawa (0-2) 10 @ Hamilton (2-0) 47
Calgary (0-1) 10 @ Edmonton (2-0) 30

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Roger Christian, 57
. U.S. disc jockey and songwriter. Mr. Christian, a disc jockey with the popular Los Angeles station KWFB in the early 1960s, collaborated in writing songs with Brian Wilson of the Beach Boys and Jan Berry of Jan and Dean. His most notable credits included the Beach Boys' songs Shut Down, Little Deuce Coupe and Don't Worry, Baby; his Jan and Dean credits included Honolulu Lulu Drag City, Dead Man's Curve, The Little Old Lady From Pasadena, and Sidewalk Surfin'. Mr. Christian died eight days after his 57th birthday; his ex-wife claimed that he died of kidney and liver failure, although it was also said that he committed suicide.

British Member of Parliament Terry Fields (Labour--Liverpool Broadgreen) was sentenced to 60 days in prison for refusing to pay his £373 poll tax.

Nigeria Airways Flight 2120, a Douglas DC-8 jet, crashed in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia killing all 261 passengers and crew on board.

Toronto (1-0) 35 @ Ottawa (0-1) 18
Calgary (1-0) 39 @ British Columbia (0-1) 34

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Macarena--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

Died on this date
Lou Gottlieb, 72
. U.S. musician. Dr. Gottlieb, whose doctorate was in musicology, played bass and acted as frontman for the folk group the Limeliters, who were one of the most popular recording and performing acts in the early 1960s. Dr. Gottlieb founded the Morningstar Ranch commune in 1966, which he declared open to all people. He died of cancer.

Canada defeated Australia 54-38 in a pre-Paralympic wheelchair women's exhibition game in Edmonton at the University of Alberta's main gym. This blogger met a number of the Australian women, and was quite impressed.

Toronto (2-1) 35 @ Winnipeg (1-2) 14

Robert Drummond rushed 7 times for 100 yards--including a 79-yard touchdown in the 1st quarter--and caught 8 passes for 104 yards as the Argonauts defeated the Blue Bombers before 24,882 fans at Winnipeg Stadium. Toronto quarterback Doug Flutie completed 25 of 42 passes for 388 yards and 2 touchdowns to Tyrone Williams.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Herman Brood, 54
. Dutch musician and artist. Mr. Brood was the Netherlands' most notable rock and roll star, achieving commercial success in the late 1970s as leader of Herman Brood and his Wild Romance. He concentrated on art in the '80s, painting pop-art murals in Amsterdam. Mr. Brood was a drug addict for much of his life, and depression resulting from failure to kick his habit led to his suicide by jumping from the roof of the Amsterdam Hilton hotel.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Rob Grill, 67
. U.S. musician. Mr. Grill played bass and sang lead for the rock group the Grass Roots, who were known for a string of hit singles in the late 1960s and early '70s, including Let's Live for Today (1967); Midnight Confessions (1968); and Sooner or Later (1971). Mr. Grill suffered a head injury in a fall in June 2011, resulting in two strokes and a coma, from which he never emerged.

Gary Bannerman, 64. Canadian journalist. Mr. Bannerman, a native of Sydney, Nova Scotia, began his career as a newspaper reporter in Atlantic Canada before moving to Vancouver in 1970, continuing in newspapers before joining the Vancouver radio station CKNW in 1972. He became the sole host of the station's weekday morning talk show in 1973, providing highly opinionated commentary that dominated British Columbia airwaves until 1988. Mr. Bannerman left CKNW in 1988 after suffering a life-threatening liver condition, but returned on a part-time basis through the 1990s. He died of liver disease.

Andreas Ioannides, 52-53; Lambros Lambrou. Cypriot military officers. Commander Ioannides was Commander of Cyprus's Naval Command from 2008 until his death in the explosion of ammunition and explosives at Evangelos Florakis Naval Base. Mr. Lambrou was the commander of the base.

A large amount of ammunition and military explosives at Evangelos Florakis Naval Base in Cyprus self-detonated, killing 13 people, including Cyprus Navy Commander Andreas Ioannides and base commander Lambros Lambrou.

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