Monday, 19 July 2021

July 18, 2021

630 years ago

Timur defeated Tokhtamysh of the Golden Horde in the Battle of the Kondurcha River in present-day southeastern Russia.

520 years ago

Born on this date
Isabella of Austria
. Queen consort of Denmark and Norway (1515-1523). Isabella, the daughter of King Philip I and Queen Joanna of Castile, was married by proxy to King Christian II of Denmark in 1513; the marriage was ratified in 1513. Christian II took the throne of Sweden in 1520, and Queen Isabella acted as regent until King Christian was deposed in 1521. He was deposed from his other thrones in 1523, and the couple lived in exile in several countries. Queen Isabella became seriously ill in the spring of 1525, and she died on January 19, 1526 at the age of 24.

430 years ago

Died on this date
Jacobus Gallus, 40-41
. Slovenian composer. Mr. Gallus represented the Counter-Reformation, and wrote as many as 500 sacred and secular works, most notably the six-part Opus musicum (1587), a collection of 374 motets that would eventually cover the liturgical needs of the entire ecclesiastical year.

300 years ago

Died on this date
Jean-Antoine Watteau, 36
. French artist. Mr. Watteau was a painter who revitalized the Baroque style, shifting it to Rococo. He was credited with inventing the genre of fêtes galantes, scenes of bucolic and idyllic charm, suffused with a theatrical air. Mr. Watteau long suffered from poor health, and died from what may have been tuberculous laringytis.

210 years ago

Born on this date
William Makepeace Thackeray
. Indian-born U.K. author. Mr. Thackeray wrote fiction and non-fiction, and was best known for his novels The Luck of Barry Lyndon (1844) and Vanity Fair (1848). He died from a stroke on December 24, 1863 at the age of 52.

180 years ago

Pedro II was acclaimed, crowned, and consecrated Emperor of Brazil.

140 years ago

Born on this date
Larry McLean
. Canadian-born U.S. baseball player. Mr. McLean, a native of Fredericton, New Brunswick, grew up in the Boston area. He was a catcher with the Boston Americans (1901); Chicago Cubs (1903); St. Louis Cardinals (1904, 1913); Cincinnati Reds (1906-1912); and New York Giants (1913-1915), batting .262 with 6 home runs and 298 runs batted in in 862 games. Mr. McLean batted .500 (6 for 12) with 2 runs batted in the Giants' 5-game loss to the Philadelphia Athletics in the 1913 World Series. He was a heavy drinker, and his career ended in a mid-season hotel brawl with Giants' manager John McGraw and scout Dick Kinsella. Mr. McLean was 39 when he was fatally shot in a speakeasy in Boston on March 24, 1921 by a bartender who claimed that Mr. McLean was attempting to attack him. Mr. McLean was inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame in 2006.

Sitting Bull and about 200 Sioux crossed the Saskatchewan border and surrendered to the U.S. Army at Fort Buford, Dakota Territory, after living in Canada for over four years.

110 years ago

Born on this date
Hume Cronyn
. Canadian-born U.S. actor. Mr. Cronyn, a native of London, Ontario, was known for his stage and screen appearances with his wife Jessica Tandy. His movies included Shadow of a Doubt (1943); Lifeboat (1944); The Seventh Cross (1944); The Postman Always Rings Twice (1946); The Beginning or the End (1947); Brute Force (1947); and Cocoon (1985). Mr. Cronyn won an Emmy Award for his performance in the made-for-television movie Age-Old Friends (1989). He died of prostate cancer on June 15, 2003 at the age of 91.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Richard Leacock
. U.K. film producer and director. Mr. Leacock produced, directed, and photographed documentaries in a career spanning more than 50 years, and was a pioneer of direct cinema and cinéma vérité. He and fellow documentarian D.A. Pennebaker formed a production company in 1966. Mr. Leacock moved to Paris in 1989, and died there on March 24, 2011 at the age of 89.

Heinz Bennent. German-born actor. Mr. Bennent appeared in almost 120 movies and television programs in a career spanning almost 50 years. He was nominated for a César Award for his supporting performance in The Last Metro (1980). Mr. Bennent moved to Switzerland in the 1970s, and died in Lausanne on October 12, 2011 at the age of 90.

John Glenn. U.S. astronaut and politician. Colonel Glenn served with the U.S. Marine Corps in World War II and the Korean War, earning six Distinguished Flying Crosses and eighteen Air Medals. In 1957, he made the first supersonic transcontinental flight across the United States. Col. Glenn was one of the first seven astronauts selected in 1959 for Project Mercury, and on February 20, 1962, became the third American to go into space and the first to orbit the Earth in his Mercury-Atlas 6 mission, popularly known as "Friendship 7." The mission made Col. Glenn a national hero; he left the space program in January 1964. He conducted two abortive campaigns for the Democratic Party nomination to represent Ohio in the United States Senate, but was finally elected in 1974; he was unsuccessful in campaigns for his party's vice presidential (1976) and presidential (1984) nominations. Sen. Glenn served in the Senate from 1975-1999, and was Chair of the Senate Governmental Affairs Committee (1987-1995). He became interested in the effects of space on aging, and was assigned to U.S. space shuttle mission STS-95 as a payload specialist; the mission lasted from October 29-November 7, 1998, and Sen. Glenn, 77, became the oldest person ever to go into space. He died on December 8, 2016 at the age of 95.

Aaron T. Beck. U.S. psychiatrist. Dr. Beck is regarded as the father of both cognitive therapy and cognitive behavioral therapy. He developed self-report measures of depression and anxiety, notably the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), which became one of the most widely-used instruments for measuring depression severity. Dr. Beck is President Emeritus of the Beck Institute for Cognitive Behavior Therapy, which he and his daughter Judith founded in 1994.

Politics and government
The United Farmers of Alberta won 38 of 61 seats in the Legislative Assembly in the Alberta provincial election, unseating the governing Liberals of Premier Charles Stewart. The UFA were led by party president Henry Wise Wood, who wasn't running for a seat. Their total was an increase of 36 from their total in the most recent election in 1917. The Liberals dropped from 32 seats to 15, while the Dominion Labour Party won 4 seats, the Conservatives won 1, and 3 independent candidates were elected. UFA candidate Irene Parlby was elected in Lacombe, becoming the first woman elected to the Legislature.

The trial of the "Black Sox," the Chicago White Sox baseball players accused of conspiring fix the 1919 World Series, began in Chicago.

90 years ago

Politics and government
J.W.F. Johnson was appointed Lieutenant Governor of British Columbia; he took office on August 1.

80 years ago

U.S.S.R. dictator Josef Stalin wrote U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill, urging the establisment of a second front in France and Norway.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said that the United States would keep the sea lanes open against attack or threat of attack not only to Iceland but to all other American bases in the Atlantic and Caribbean.

Czechoslovakian Foreign Minister Jan Masaryk and U.S.S.R. Ambassador to Czechoslovakia Ivan Maisky signed an agreement in London under which both governments exchanged ministers and gave mutual aid against Germany.

Five accused spies pled guilty in Brooklyn for conspiring to transmit defense information to Germany. 23 others pled not guilty.

Politics and government
Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fumimaro Konoye ousted Foreign Minister Yosuke Matsuoka and replaced him with Admiral Teijiro Toyoda. Prime Minister Konoye and Adm. Toyoda were pro-American and pro-Britain, and were trying to avoid war with those countries, while Mr. Matsuoka was very anti-American in his views.

Alberta's highest recorded termperature was reached at Fort Macleod: 110 F (43.3 C).

75 years ago

U.S. Senator Warren Austin (Republican--Vermont) was appointed to head the five-man U.S. delegation to the United Nations General Assembly.

Politics and government
Belgian Prime Minister Achille van Acker refused to form a new government when Socialists rejected a cabinet coalition.

The British Parliament approved the cabinet mission report on India, but Conservative Party and opposition leader Winston Churchill said that the mission went too far in offering India independence outside the Commonwealth.

Trailing in the popular vote, Eugene Talmadge won enough electoral votes to clinch the Georgia Democratic Party gubernatorial nomination for 1946 despite the oppositon of 100,000 newly-registered Negro voters.

U.S. President Harry Truman promised his aid to Democratic Party nominees in the November 1946 congressional elections, but opposed the renomination of Representative Roger Slaughter (Missouri), who had voted against all administration measures in the most recent session of Congress.

Palestinian Jews ended a 15-hour general strike protesting alleged police brutality in the Rafa and Latrun detention camps.

The New York State Board of Regents announced that a federally-financed nuclear physics laboratory would be set up in New York with the participation of nine universities under the supervision of Manhattan Project physicists.

The University of Illinois announced the development of a 22-million volt betatron, capable of producing an electron beam which could "penetrate the core of an atom."

Economics and finance
The U.K. House of Commons voted to uphold bread rationing, after Mr. Churchill accused the Labour government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee of being "panic stricken," and described the move as "futile."

The Congress of Industrial Organizations executive board named Jack Kroll to succeed Sidney Hillmand as head of the CIO's Political Action Committee.

70 years ago

On the radio
Pete Kelly's Blues, starring Jack Webb, on NBC

Died on this date
Joe Klugmann, 56
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Klugmann played second base with the Chicago Cubs (1921-1922); Brooklyn Robins (1924); and Cleveland Indians (1926), batting .251 with no home runs and 17 runs batted in in 77 games. He played more than 1,320 games in 14 seasons in the minor leagues (1914, 1921-1933), and managed the Nashville Volunteers of the Southern Association (1931-1932). Mr. Klugmann was a police officer and state official in Missouri in later years.

U.S. truce negotiators reported from Kaesong that the issue of United Nations troop withdrawal from Korea remained unresolved after six sessions.

U.K. Foreign Secretary Herbert Morrison told the House of Commons that the government of Prime Minister Clement Attlee now favoured the admission of Greece and Turkey to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Press reports said that U.S. Chief of Naval Operations Admiral Forrest Sherman and Spanish dictator Generalissimo Francisco Franco had agreed in principle on American use of sea and air bases in Spain. U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson responed to British and French protests by pointing out that military reports considered Spain to be "of strategic importance to the general defense os Western Europe."

The U.S. Census Bureau reported that U.S. farm population had fallen to 24.3 million in the 1950 census, the lowest total since 1910.

Communist China took over the properties of three American-owned oil companies after forcing the firms to sell all their stock to the government.

Jersey Joe Walcott (50-16-2), at 37 years of age, became the oldest man to date to win the world heavyweight title when he knocked out defending champion Ezzard Charles (69-6-1) 55 seconds into the 7th round at Forbes Field in Pittsburgh.

Ralph Kiner hit 3 home runs, including a grand slam, and drove in 7 runs for the Pittsburgh Pirates as they edged the Brooklyn Dodgers 13-12 before 7,083 fans at Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. Carl Furillo drove in 4 runs for the Dodgers. Dan Bankhead, the second of three Brooklyn pitchers, allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 4 innings, walking 3 batters and striking out 2, striking out in his only plate appearance in the 62nd and last game of his 3-year major league career.

Grady Hatton and Joe Adcock hit consecutive run-scoring singles with 2 out in the top of the 1st inning to provide all the scoring as the Cincinnati Reds shut out the Philadelphia Phillies 2-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 15,810 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Willie Ramsdell (8-9) pitched a 4-hitter to outduel Bubba Church (10-5). Eddie Pellagrini reached first base on an error by Connie Ryan to lead off the bottom of the 3rd inning and scored on a 1-out single by Eddie Waitkus for the game's only run as the Phillies won the second game 1-0. Ken Johnson (1-1) pitched a 5-hitter to outduel Herm Wehmeier (1-4), who allowed just 3 hits and no earned runs in 7 innings.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Norway (VG-lista): Hello Mary Lou/Travelin' Man--Ricky Nelson (2nd week at #1)

The Mercury-Redstone 4 mission, with Gus Grissom aboard, was scrubbed until the following day.

John Diefenbaker began a tour of northern Canada, visiting Prince Albert and Uranium City before arriving in Yellowknife. He thus became the first sitting prime minister to visit the modern Northwest Territories.

50 years ago

Six persian Gulf Emirates announced that they would merge into a single federation in 1971.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Enola Gay--OMD (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Only Crying--Keith Marshall

#1 single in Ireland: When You were Sweet Sixteen--The Fureys and Davy Arthur

#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Ghost Town--The Specials

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Ghost Town--The Specials (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 How 'bout Us--Champaign (8th week at #1)
2 Chequered Love--Kim Wilde
3 Only Crying--Keith Marshall
4 You Drive Me Crazy--Shakin' Stevens
5 Rio--Maywood
6 One Day in Your Life--Michael Jackson
7 Going Back to My Roots--Odyssey
8 Stand & Deliver--Adam and the Ants
9 Caribbean Disco Show--Lobo
10 I've Seen That Face Before--Grace Jones

Singles entering the chart were More Stars by Stars on 45 (#19); A Woman Needs Love (Just Like You Do) by Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio (#26); Tick-A-Thumps My Heart by Babe (#29); and Slow Hand by the Pointer Sisters (#34).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (9th week at #1)
2 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
3 The One that You Love--Air Supply
4 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
5 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
6 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
7 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
8 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
9 Slow Hand--The Pointer Sisters
10 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer

Singles entering the chart were Fire and Ice by Pat Benatar (#64); Who's Crying Now by Journey (#70); Medley II by Stars on 45 (#82); Love Light by Yutaka (#85); Jolé Blon by Gary U.S. Bonds (#87); and Pay You Back with Interest by Gary O' (#90).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The One That You Love—Air Supply
2 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
3 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
4 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
5 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
6 Medley--Stars on 45
7 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
8 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
9 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
10 Slow Hand--The Pointer Sisters

Singles entering the chart were Fire and Ice by Pat Benatar (#57); Who's Crying Now by Journey (#60); Jolé Blon by Gary U.S. Bonds (#85); Pay You Back with Interest by Gary O' (#88); Square Biz by Teena Marie (#89); Love Light by Yutaka (#90); and I was Country When Country Wasn't Cool by Barbara Mandrell (#97).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Record World)
1 Theme from "Greatest American Hero" (Believe it or Not)--Joey Scarbury
2 The One that You Love--Air Supply
3 Elvira--The Oak Ridge Boys
4 Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes
5 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
6 I Don't Need You--Kenny Rogers
7 Medley--Stars on 45
8 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
9 All Those Years Ago--George Harrison
10 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer

Singles entering the chart were Fire and Ice by Pat Benatar (#41); Who's Crying Now by Journey (#49); That Old Song by Ray Parker, Jr. & Raydio (#57); Jolé Blon by Gary U.S. Bonds (#88); Square Biz by Teena Marie (#89); and Breaking Away by Balance (#94).

Vancouver's Top 10 (CFUN)
1 Gemini Dream--The Moody Blues
2 Arc of a Diver--Steve Winwood
3 You Make My Dreams--Daryl Hall & John Oates
4 Winning--Santana
5 Sukiyaki—A Taste of Honey
6 A Life of Illusion--Joe Walsh
7 Boy from New York City--The Manhattan Transfer
8 The Waiting--Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers
9 Jessie's Girl--Rick Springfield
10 Modern Girl--Sheena Easton

Singles entering the chart were Don't Let Him Go by REO Speedwagon (#26); and Fire and Ice by Pat Benatar (#28).

A march in Dublin in support of hunger strikers in Northern Ireland's Maze Prison turned violent, and 200 people ended up in hospital--in other words, it was a typical Irish social event.

Joe Gates hit the first inside-the-park home run in Edmonton Trappers' history as the Trappers edged the Portland Beavers 2-1 before 3,216 fans on a sunny Saturday night at Renfrew Park in Edmonton in a Pacific Coast League game. Edmonton manager Gord Lund, coaching at third base, signalled for Mr. Gates to stop, but he ignored the sign and slid safely into home plate for his 5th home run of the season. Reggie Patterson (9-7) gave up 7 hits as he pitched a complete game for the Trappers; Santo Alcala (6-8) went the distance for the Beavers, giving up 5 hits in 8 innings. The game was over in just 1 hour and 40 minutes.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): (Everything I Do) I Do it for You--Bryan Adams (3rd week at #1)

This blogger attended the annual parade to open Klondike Days.

Politics and government
Rita Johnston won the British Columbia Social Credit Party leadership, edging Grace McCarthy 941-881 on the second ballot. Mrs. Johnston had been Minister of Transportation and Highways at the time she had succeeded Bill Vander Zalm as Premier on April 2, 1991, becoming British Columbia's first female Premier. A provincial election was due to be held in October 1991.

Newfoundland Roman Catholic Archbishop Alphonsus Penny offered his resignation after the release of a report blaming church officials for covering up sexual abuse by Catholic priests at the Mount Cashel Orphanage in St. John's.

Economics and finance
Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney told U.S.S.R. President Mikhail Gorbachev in London that Canada would lift a freeze on $150 million in food credits imposed during the Baltic crackdown. He also offered a $10-million technical assistance package.

Hamilton (0-2) 18 @ Toronto (2-0) 41

Saskatchewan (0-2) 28 @ Calgary (2-0) 48

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam captured the Sri Lanka Army's base in the Battle of Mullaitivu, killing over 1,200 soldiers.

Storms provoked severe flooding on the Saguenay River, beginning one of Quebec's costliest natural disasters ever.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Barry Shetrone, 63
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Shetrone was an outfielder with the Baltimore Orioles (1959-1962) and Washington Senators (1963), batting .205 with 1 home run and 7 runs batted in in 60 games. He played 1,157 games in 11 seasons in the minor leagues (1956-1967). Mr. Shetrone worked as an insurance agent in later years, and died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, 12 days after his 63rd birthday.

Mimi Fariña, 56. U.S. musician. Mrs. Fariña followed her older sister Joan Baez as a folksinger, songwriter, and guitarist. She married fellow folk musician Richard Fariña in 1964, and they performed and recorded together until his death in a motorcycle accident in 1966. Mrs. Fariña performed on her own and with others, supporting the usual fashionable causes, until her death from neuroendocrine cancer.

Jeff Bagwell hit for the cycle, scoring 4 runs and driving in 5 for the Houston Astros, as they defeated the St. Louis Cardinals 17-11 before 33,016 fans at Enron Field in Houston.

The New York Yankees, helped by home runs by Alfonso Soriano and Tino Martinez, scored 3 runs in the 6th inning and 2 in the 7th as they overcame a 5-3 deficit and defeated the Detroit Tigers 8-5 before 14,800 fans in the first of two games at Comerica Park in Detroit. Roger Cedeno batted 4 for 5 with 2 home runs, a double, triple, 4 runs, and 6 runs batted in to help the Tigers win the second game 12-4 before 33,216 fans.

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