Tuesday, 6 July 2021

July 6, 2021

Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Ancamaria!

225 years ago

Born on this date
Nikolai I
. Czar of Russia, 1825-1855. Nikolai I, the son of Paul I, succeeded his brother Alexander I on the throne. Czar Nikolai's reign was marked my geographical expansion and economic growth, but he centralized administration and suppressed dissent. Czar Nikolai led his country into the Crimean War in 1853, but died of pneumonia on March 2, 1855 at the age of 58 while the war was still on, and was succeeded by his son Alexander II.

220 years ago

Outnumbered French Navy ships defeated the U.K. Royal Navy in the fortified Spanish port of Algeciras.

190 years ago

Born on this date
Sylvester Pennoyer
. U.S. politician. Mr. Pennoyer was Governor of Oregon from 1887-1895. He was a Democrat when he was first elected, but switched to the Populist Party in the early 1890s. Mr. Pennoyer didn't get along with either U.S. President Grover Cleveland or Benjamin Harrison, and was known for his opposition to Chinese immigrants. He wa Mayor of Portland (1896-1898), and died of heart disease on May 30, 1902 at the age of 70.

160 years ago

Politics and government
Joseph Howe's May 15 resolution for the union of the British North American provinces, approved by the Nova Scotia House of Assembly, was sent to the governors of each province.

150 years ago

The first game between a Negro team and a white team took place in Chicago when the Negro team, the Uniques edged the white team, the Alerts, 17-16.

125 years ago

The federal government of Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier issued an Order-in-Council enlarging the boundaries of Québec to the shores of Hudson Bay, adding more than 118,000 square miles to the province.

120 years ago

Died on this date
Chlodwig, Prince of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, 82
. Chancellor of Germany, 1894-1900. Prince Chlodwig was one of the most prominent liberal politicians of his time. He was Minister President of Bavaria from 1866-1870, influencing the union of Bavaria with the North German Confederation. Prince Chlodwig was Governor of Alsace-Lorraine from 1885-1894, and then succeeded Leo von Caprivi as Chancellor. As Chancellor, Prince Chlodwig seldom appeared in Parliament, granting great independence to his secretaries of state. He resigned on October 17, 1900.

110 years ago

Born on this date
June Gale
. U.S. actress. Miss Gale, born June Gilmartin, entered show business as one of the Gale Sisters dancing act with her identical twin sister Jane and younger identical twins sisters Jean and Joan. The sisters appeared on Broadway in Flying High (1930) and George White's Scandals (1931). June appeared in minor roles in about three dozen movies from 1933-1940. She married musician Oscar Levant in 1939, and they remained wed until his death in 1972 despite numerous troubles. Mrs. Levant co-hosted her husband's television talk show in the late 1950s, and hosted her own talk show a few years later. She was married to screenwriter Henry Ephron from 1978-1982, and died of pneumonia on November 13, 1996 at the age of 85.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Billy Mauch
; Bobby Mauch. U.S. actors. Billy and Bobby Mauch were identical twins who were best known for starring in the movie The Prince and the Pauper (1937). Billy eventually became a sound editor for Warner Brothers, while Bobby worked as a film editor. Billy died on September 29, 2006 at the age of 85; Bobby died on October 15, 2007 at the age of 86.

Nancy Reagan. U.S. actress; U.S. First Lady, 1981-1989. Mrs. Reagan, born Anne Frances Robbins, was known as Nancy Davis when she appeared in movies such as Night Into Morning (1951) and Donovan's Brain (1953). She met Ronald Reagan shortly after his divorce from Jane Wyman in 1949, and the two were married in 1952. Mrs. Reagan aided her husband in his career as Governor of California (1967-1975) and President of the United States, and was known for leading the "Just Say No" public campaign against drug abuse. She took care of her husband after his diagnosis with Alzheimer's disease in 1994 until his death 10 years later. Mrs. Reagan died of congestive heart failure on March 6, 2016 at the age of 94.

Allan MacEachen. Canadian politician. Mr. MacEachen, a native of Inverness, Nova Scotia, was a Liberal who represented Inverness-Richmond (1953-1958, 1962-1968) and Cape Breton-Highlands (1968-1984) in the Canadian House of Commons. He was Minister of Labour (1963-1965); Minister of Finance (1980-1982); and Secretary of State for External Affairs (1974-1976, 1982-1984), and was Deputy Prime Minister (1977-1979, 1980-1984). Mr. MacEachen represented Nova Scotia in the Senate (1984-1996), serving briefly as Government Leader (1984), and then as Leader of the Opposition (1984-1991). He died in Antigonish, N.S. on September 12, 2017 at the age of 96.

Québec City reached a record high temperature of 104° F (40° C).

90 years ago

Billy Burke shot a 6-over-par 148 to edge George Von Elm by 1 stroke in a 36-hole playoff to win the U.S. Open at Inverness Club in Toledo, Ohio. First prize money was $1,750 (including a $750 playoff bonus).

80 years ago

German forces launched an offensive to encircle several Soviet armies near Smolensk. British Royal Air Force planes bombed the Sicilian port of Palermo in their first raid on Italian soil in several months.

The government of Ecuador announced that Peruvian frontier guards had invaded Ecuadorian territory between Huaquillas and Chacras on July 5, and that fighting had then broken out along the Peruvian border.

The U.S. National Association of Manufacturers announced that war production was on schedule or ahead of government requirements in 16 major defense industry areas.

Southern U.S. bituminous coal operators signed a two-year contract with the Congress of Industrial Organizations United Mine Workers of America, thereby averting a strike of 150,000 miners scheduled for July 8.

The New York Yankees dedicated a monument at Yankee Stadium to recently-deceased former first baseman Lou Gehrig.

Chicago White Sox' manager Jimmy Dykes was suspended indefinitely by American League President Will Harridge for using "obscene and abusive language" to an umpire the previous day.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Gypsy--The Ink Spots (Best Seller--7th week at #1; Juke Box--6th week at #1; Airplay--2nd week at #1); The Gypsy--The Ink Spots; Dinah Shore (Honor Roll of Hits--7th week at #1)

At the Tokyo trial of accused Japanese war criminals, General Ryukichi Tanaka testified that Japan had seized Manchuria in 1931 to train its Kwantung Army for an expected war with the U.S.S.R.

Dr. Cheng Tien-hsi was appointed Chinese Ambassador to the United Kingdom, replacing Dr. Wellington Koo, who became Ambassador to the United States.

Politics and government
Jawaharlal Nehru was chosen president of the All-India Congress Party in Bombay, succeeding Dr. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.

U.S. President Harry Truman assailed New York Daily News correspondent John O'Donnell for reporting that Mr. Truman had asked Supreme Court justices to resign; Mr. Truman labelled the story a lie.

U.S.S.R. scientist A. Izatov reported in Leningrad that the Earth has three axes and three equators, and that its radius was 850 metres greater than the currently-accepted measurement.

Economics and finance
U.S.S.R. occupation authorities in eastern Austria ordered the confiscation of all German assets in their zone.

Pauline Betz won the women's singles final at Wimbledon, England. Louise Brough and Margaret Osborne won the women's doubles title, while Tom Brown and Jack Kramer won the men's doubles title.

70 years ago

U.S. and Communist commanders in Korea exchanged safe conduct pledges for truce delegations to Kaesong.

U.S. President Harry Truman transmitted a congressional resolution reaffirming the friendship of the American people for the Soviet peoples to Nikolai Shvernik, President of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet.

The Italian Chamber of Deputies passed a civil defense bill establishing a 40,000-member militia to combat Communists in the event of civil disorders.

Iran announced that it would ignore the International Court of Justice's injunction delaying the nationalization of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.

Economics and finance
The U.S. State Department announced the cancellation of tariff concessions formerly granted to Soviet bloc states, affecting about $82 million per year in imports.

Max Faulkner shot a 2-over-par 74 in the final round to win the British Open at Royal Portrush Golf Club in County Antrim, Northern Ireland with a 3-under-par total score of 285, 2 strokes ahead of Antonio Cerdá. First prize money was £300 ($840).

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (Lever Hit Parade): Running Scared--Roy Orbison (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Runaway--Del Shannon (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Woodall Rodgers, 71
. U.S. politician. Mr. Woodall was Mayor of Dallas (1939-1947), presiding over the city's economic expansion. He died after a long illness.

Scott LaFaro, 25. U.S. musician. Mr. LaFaro was a jazz double bassist who played with several combos, but was best known for his work as a member of the Bill Evans Trio from 1959 until his death in a car accident, four days after accompanying Stan Getz at the Newport Jazz Festival.

Politics and government
Social Credit Party of Canada President Robert Thompson was elected the party's leader, succeeding Solon Low.

The St. Louis Cardinals, 6th in the National League with a record of 33-41-1, fired Solly Hemus as manager and replaced him with Johnny Keane.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Sweden (Kvällstoppen): Butterfly--Danyel Gérard (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland (Swiss Hitparade): Chirpy Chirpy Cheep Cheep--Middle of the Road (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Louis Armstrong, 69
. U.S. musician and singer. The legendary New Orleans-based "Satchmo" (short for "Satchelmouth") became famous as a trumpeter with his Hot Five and Hot Seven Combos in the 1920s. His popularity broadened when he added singing to his repertoire, and in the 1950s he had hits with versions of such songs as Blueberry Hill and A Kiss to Build a Dream On. Mr. Armstrong's recording of Hello Dolly! hit #1 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in 1964. What a Wonderful World, which failed to achieve chart success in the United States in 1967, spent four weeks at #1 on the U.K. singles chart in the spring of 1968, finally becoming popular in North America in early 1988 when it was included on the soundtrack of the movie Good Morning, Vietnam! Mr. Armstrong died of a heart attack, 29 days before his 70th birthday..

Politics and government
After visiting several Asian Communist countries, Romanian dictator Nicolae Ceaușescu gave a speech on a number of neo-Stalinist and socialist-realist ideals, which became known as the July Theses.

Hastings Kamuzu Banda, President of Malawi since 1966, was sworn in as President for Life in ceremonies also marking the fifth anniversary of the republic.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Bette Davis Eyes--Kim Carnes (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Blue Jeans Memory--Masahiko Kondō (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Stars on 45--Stars on 45 (4th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Medley--Stars on 45 (7th week at #1)

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Australian Music Report): The Grease Megamix--Olivia Newton-John and John Travolta (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters

#1 single in France (SNEP): Auteuil, Neuilly, Passy (rap BCBG)--Les Inconnus (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (CIN): Any Dream Will Do--Jason Donovan (2nd week at #1)

Netherlands Top 10 (De Nederlandse Top 40)
1 Gypsy Woman (La Da Dee La Da Da)--Crystal Waters (3rd week at #1)
2 More than Words--Extreme
3 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
4 Senza Una Donna (Without a Woman)--Zucchero & Paul Young
5 The Shoop Shoop Song (It's in his Kiss)--Cher
6 Anasthasia--T99
7 Mooi Man--Mannenkoor Karrespoor
8 Wind of Change--Scorpions
9 Driver's Seat--Sniff 'n' the Tears
10 Shiny Happy People--R.E.M.

Singles entering the chart were La Cumbia by Sailor (#21); Giddy Up Go by Paul De Leeuw alias Bob De Rooy (#23); Cover My Eyes (Pain and Heaven) by Marillion (#29); Désenchantée by Mylene Farmer (#35); Le Dernier Qui a Parlé... by Amina (#37); and Ain't My Beating Heart by Ten Sharp (#38).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul (4th week at #1)
2 Unbelievable--EMF
3 I Wanna Sex You Up--Color Me Badd
4 Power of Love/Love Power--Luther Vandross
5 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones
6 More than Words--Extreme
7 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
8 Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless)--Crystal Waters
9 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
10 Here I Am (Come and Take Me)--UB40

Singles entering the chart were Too Many Walls by Cathy Dennis (#65); The Motown Song by Rod Stewart (with the Temptations) (#73); Just Like You by Robbie Nevil (#84); Pump It (Nice an' Hard) by Icy Blu (#91); Perfect World by Alias (#92); Monster by Fred Schneider (#95); Shake It (Like a White Girl) by Jesse Jaymes (#98); and Got a Love for You by Jomanda (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Rush Rush--Paula Abdul (3rd week at #1)
2 Unbelievable—EMF
3 I Wanna Sex You Up—Color Me Badd
4 More than Words—Extreme
5 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
7 Losing My Religion--R.E.M.
6 Power of Love/Love Power—Luther Vandross
8 Place in this World--Michael W. Smith
9 Here I Am (Come and Take Me)--UB40
10 Right Here, Right Now--Jesus Jones

Singles entering the chart were The Motown Song by Rod Stewart (with the Temptations) (#75); Blind Faith by Warrant (#86); I Can't Wait Another Minute by Hi-Five (#87); Make Out Alright by Divinyls (#88); and Let the Beat Hit 'Em by Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam (#90).

Canada’s Top 10 (RPM)
1 Rush Rush—Paula Abdul
2 More than Words—Extreme
3 Love is a Wonderful Thing--Michael Bolton
4 Couple Days Off—Huey Lewis and the News
5 Walking in Memphis—Marc Cohn
6 Unbelievable--EMF
7 A Better Love--Londonbeat
8 Power of Love/Love Power--Luther Vandross
9 Part of You, Part of Me—Glenn Frey
10 Wind of Change--Scorpions

Singles entering the chart were Refuse to Die by Too Many Cooks (#60); Here I Am (Come and Get Me) by UB40 (#66); Poundcake by Van Halen (#79); Lily was Here by David A. Stewart introducing Candy Dulfer (#82); Gypsy Woman (She's Homeless) by Crystal Waters (#86); American Dream by Trooper (#87); I'll Be There by Escape Club (#88); You Could Be Mine by Guns 'N Roses (#89); Love on a Rooftop by Desmond Child (#94); Can't Forget You by Gloria Estefan (#95); Soul Child by Paul Brady (#96); and Queen of the Underground by Sue Medley (#97).

Princess Anne left Pictou, Nova Scotia after a six-day visit to Nova Scotia and Newfoundland.

The Cleveland Indians, in last place in the American League East Division with a record of 25-52, fired John McNamara as manager and replaced him with Mike Hargrove.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Fable--Robert Miles (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (VRT): Macarena--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Wallonia (Ultratop 40): Con te partirò--Andrea Bocelli (5th week at #1)

#1 single in France (SNEP): Macarena--Los Del Rio (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Killing Me Softly--The Fugees

#1 single in the U.K. (BMRB): Three Lions--Baddiel, Skinner & the Lightning Seeds

U.S.A. Top 10 (Billboard)
1 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (8th week at #1)
2 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
3 How Do U Want It/California Love--2Pac featuring K-Ci and JoJo/2 Pac featuring Dr. Dre & Roger Troutman
4 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
5 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
6 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
7 Because You Loved Me--Céline Dion
8 Theme from Mission: Impossible--Adam Clayton & Larry Mullen, Jr.
9 Why I Love You So Much/Ain't Nobody--Monica
10 Nobody Knows--The Tony Rich Project

Singles entering the chart were My Boo by Ghost Town DJ's (#65); Where Do You Go by No Mercy (#68); Macarena by Los Del Rio (#72); Where Do We Go from Here by Deborah Cox (#84); Loungin by LL Cool J (#87); In the Hood by Donell Jones (#92); and Angeline is Coming Home by the Badlees (#99).

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Tha Crossroads--Bone Thugs-N-Harmony (7th week at #1)
2 You're Makin' Me High/Let it Flow--Toni Braxton
3 How Do You Want It/California Love--2Pac (featuring KC and JoJo)/(featuring Dr. Dre & Roger Troutman)
4 Give Me One Reason--Tracy Chapman
5 Macarena (Bayside Boys Mix)--Los Del Rio
6 Theme from Mission: Impossible--Adam Clayton & Larry Mullen, Jr.
7 Always Be My Baby--Mariah Carey
8 Why I Love You So Much--Monica
9 C'mon n' Ride It (The Train)--Quad City DJ’s
10 Touch Me Tease Me--Case

Singles entering the chart were Tonight, Tonight by the Smashing Pumpkins (#48); I Can't Sleep Baby (If I) by R. Kelly (#55); I Love You Always Forever by Donna Lewis (#56); Someday by All-4-One (#64); That Girl by Maxi Priest featuring Shaggy (#66); For the Love of You by Jordan Hill (#67); Where it's At by Beck (#70); House Keeper by Men of Vizion (#71); and Blackberry Molasses by Mista (#87).

Canadian Space Agency astronaut and NASA Payload Specialist Dr. Robert Thirsk, on U.S. space shuttle Columbia mission STS-78, started to wrap up the last of his experiment operations in the Spacelab module with fellow Mission Specialists Susan Helms, Rick Linnehan, Chuck Brady and Jean-Jacques Favier. They then started deactivating Spacelab, although the hatch between Columbia and the lab would not be closed until early the following morning.

British Columbia (0-2) 22 @ Winnipeg (1-1) 25

20 years ago

Canada's Anglican and Lutheran churches voted in Waterloo, Ontario to forge closer ties.

Hamilton (0-1) 28 @ Saskatchewan (1-0) 30

The Detroit Tigers scored 7 runs in the bottom of the 4th inning to take a 9-7 lead, but the Chicago White Sox promptly answered with 7 in the top of the 5th as they defeated the Tigers 15-9 before 39,906 fans at Comerica Park in Detroit. Chicago designated hitter Roosevelt Brown batted 5 for 6 with a home run, double, 3 runs, and 3 runs batted in.

Jim Thome hit 3 home runs and drove in 6 runs for the Cleveland Indians as they routed the St. Louis Cardinals 14-2 before 42,394 fans at Jacobs Field in Cleveland.

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