Sunday, 14 September 2014

September 14, 2014

850 years ago

Died on this date
Sutoku, 45
. Emperor of Japan, 1123-1142. Sutoku ascended the Chrysanthemum Throne at the age of 4 upon the abdication of his father Toba. Emperor Sutoku also abdicated and was succeeded by his younger brother Emperor Konoe.

225 years ago

Politics and government

The U.S. Department of Foreign Affairs changed its name to the Department of State.

200 years ago

The poem Defence of Fort McHenry was written by Francis Scott Key as a result of the Battle of North Point in the War of 1812. The poem was later used as the lyrics of The Star-Spangled Banner.

150 years ago

Born on this date
Robert Cecil
. U.K. politician and diplomat. Lord Cecil, the son of British Prime Minister Lord Salisbury, was U.K. Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs from 1915-1919, and helped to create the League of Nations. Lord Cecil's service to that body led to his being awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1937. Lord Cecil died on November 24, 1958 at the age of 94.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Kay Medford
. U.S. actress. Miss Medford, born Margaret Kathleen O'Regan, was known for playing character and comic roles in plays and movies. She was nominated for a Tony Award for her starring performances in the Broadway musical (1964) and movie (1968) Funny Girl. Miss Medford died on April 10, 1980 at the age of 65.

Mae Axton. U.S. songwriter. Mrs. Axton wrote or co-wrote about 200 songs, the best-known of which was Heartbreak Hotel, written with Tommy Durden. She died on April 9, 1997 at the age of 82, drowning in her hot tub after an apparent heart attack.

Clayton Moore. U.S. actor. Mr. Moore was best known for starring as the Lone Ranger in a television series from 1949-1951 and 1954-1957. He died on December 28, 1999 at the age of 85.

75 years ago

World events
The Estonian military boarded the Polish submarine ORP Orzeł in Tallinn, sparking a diplomatic incident that the Soviet Union would later use to justify the annexation of Estonia.

70 years ago

Maastricht became the first Dutch city to be liberated by Allied forces. The Allies captured Antwerp. U.S. forces captured six German towns south of Aachen and shelled the city from a mile away. Polish and Soviet troops captured the Warsaw suburb of Praga, saving it from total destruction. U.S. Army troops and Marines invaded Peleliu Island of the Palau group in the western Caroline Islands. Chinese troops recaptured the fortress city of Tengyueh in the province of Yunnan.

Economics and finance
Two U.S. National War Labor Board panels reported that Labor Department cost-of-living reports did not reflect actualities, claiming that there had been a 5% rise over the 24.5% reported by the Labor Department.

The U.S. Congress of Industrial Organizations-United Auto Workers voted to retain its no-strike pledge pending a mail referendum of union members.

The American Bar Association convention rejected a resolution critical of the U.S. Supreme Court for "reflecting New Deal political purposes in its decisions."

In the worst storm to hit the U.S. in six years, a hurricane swept the Atlantic Coast from the Carolinas to Canada, causing 40 deaths and at least $100 million in property damage.

60 years ago

In a top secret nuclear test under the code name "Snowball," a Soviet Tu-4 bomber dropped a 40-kiloton atomic weapon just north of the village of Totskoye.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tú Serás Mi Baby (Be My Baby)--Les Surfs (7th week at #1)

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Love Me for a Reason--The Osmonds (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White
2 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
3 Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim
4 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
5 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John
6 Then Came You--Dionne Warwick and the Spinners
7 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
8 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
9 Hang on in There Baby--Johnny Bristol
10 You and Me Against the World--Helen Reddy

Singles entering the chart were The Bitch is Back by Elton John (#49); Overnight Sensation (Hit Record) by Raspberries (#75); You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet by Bachman-Turner Overdrive (#76); Honey Honey by Sweet Dreams (#84); The Ballad of Evel Knievel by John Culliton Mahoney (#92); I've Got the Music in Me by the Kiki Dee Band (#93); The Player (Part 1) by First Choice (#94); I'm a Ramblin' Man by Waylon Jennings (#95); Do It, Fluid by the Blackbyrds (#96); Early Morning Love by Sammy Johns (#97); Travelin' Shoes by Elvin Bishop (#98); After the Goldrush by Prelude (#99); and In the Bottle by Brother to Brother (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton (2nd week at #1)
2 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
3 Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim
4 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
5 Hang on in There Baby--Johnny Bristol
6 Wildwood Weed--Jim Stafford
7 Clap for the Wolfman--The Guess Who
8 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
9 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens
10 Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White

Singles entering the chart were Jazzman by Carole King (#85); Give it to the People by the Righteous Brothers (#88); Second Avenue by Garfunkel (#90); Kings of the Party by Brownsville Station (#93); Midnight Flower by the Four Tops (#95); Blood is Thicker than Water by William DeVaughn (#97); Suzie Girl by Redbone (#98); Virgin Man by Smokey Robinson (#99); and Blue Skies by Bill King (#100).

Winnipeg's top 10 (CKRC)
1 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
2 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
3 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
4 Wild Thing--Fancy
5 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens
6 I'm on Fire for You Baby--April Wine
7 It's Only Rock and Roll (But I Like It)--Rolling Stones
8 Tell Me Something Good--Rufus
9 Earache My Eye (Featuring Alice Bowie)--Cheech & Chong
10 Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White

Calgary's top 10
1 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John (2nd week at #1)
2 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
3 Shang-A-Lang--Tinker's Moon
4 You and Me Against the World--Helen Reddy
5 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens
6 Beach Baby--First Class
7 Forever and Ever--Keith Hampshire
8 Feel Like Makin' Love--Roberta Flack
9 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
10 Keep on Smilin'--Wet Willie
Pick hit of the week: Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White

Roone Arledge, president of ABC Television Sports, confirmed that former Kansas City Chiefs' defensive back Fred "The Hammer" Williamson had been released from his job as commentator on Monday Night Football after just three pre-season telecasts. Mr. Williamson had been hired to replace Don Meredith, who had jumped to NBC after 4 years on Monday Night Football. Mr. Meredith had signed with NBC for three years to provide colour commentary on football telecasts, with opportunities for acting roles. Mr. Arledge issued a statement saying, "Both Fred and I agreed that the results in the broadcasting booth during our three exhibition telecasts were not satisfactory, and with the regular season about to begin, we felt that this was an appropriate time to make a change." Mr. Williamson was replaced by former Detroit Lions' defensive tackle Alex Karras for the first regular season telecast, with the Oakland Raiders visiting the Buffalo Bills on September 16. Mr. Karras was initially signed for just one game, but he lasted for three seasons. The other members of the Monday Night Football broadcast team were Howard Cosell, who had been with MNF since its beginning in 1970, and Frank Gifford, who had called the play-by-play since 1971. Mr. Cosell, in his recently-published book Like it Is, had devoted an entire chapter to Mr. Williamson and expressed the opinion that "the kid is going to make it." He was mistaken.

Calgary (2-7) 16 @ Ottawa (3-6) 9

Calgary's Cyril McFall and Ottawa's Gerry Organ each kicked 3 field goals and the game was tied 9-9 after 3 quarters, but Calgary running back Don Willingham rushed 1 yard for a touchdown, converted by Mr. McFall, with 9:27 remaining in the game to give the Stampeders their first win in eastern Canada in five years. Calgary quarterback Peter Liske passed for 316 yards. For the Rough Riders, it was the fifth straight game in which they had scored 10 points or fewer, and their second straight game without a touchdown. Ottawa fullback Jim Evenson suffered a season-ending knee injury, and it turned out to be the last game of his 7-year CFL career.

Manitoba (0-1) 14 @ Alberta (2-0) 45
Calgary (1-1) 19 @ British Columbia (0-2) 14

The Golden Bears built a 35-7 halftime lead and coasted to victory over the Bisons at Varsity Stadium in Edmonton.

Dan Diduck and Gary Jackson scored touchdowns for the Dinosaurs in their win over the Thunderbirds at Thunderbird Stadium in Vancouver. Rob McLellen and Digby Leigh scored UBC touchdowns.

Baltimore (0-1) 0 @ Pittsburgh (1-0) 30

Joe Gilliam, who had beaten incumbent Terry Bradshaw out of the starting quarterback position in pre-season, completed 17 of 31 passes for 257 yards and threw touchdown passes of 54 yards to Lynn Swann and 4 yards to Frank Lewis as the Steelers blanked the Colts before 48,890 fans at Three Rivers Stadium. Franco Harris and John Fuqua also rushed for touchdowns.

International League
Rochester 3 @ Memphis 1 (Rochester won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Paul Mitchell pitched a six-hit complete game for the Red Wings as they eliminated the Blues before 1,044 fans. Memphis opened the scoring on consecutive doubles by Curt Brown and Pat Scanlon with 2 out in the bottom of the 1st inning, but the Red Wings replied with 2 in the top of the 2nd on a double by Doug DeCinces, a single by Mike Reinbach, and a triple by Bob Bailor. Mr. Mitchell helped his own cause by singling home Mr. Reinbach with the game's final run in the 4th inning. Craig Caskey started on the mound for the Blues and took the loss. For Memphis catcher Gary Carter, the game was his last in the minor leagues before being called up to the Montreal Expos.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Two Tribes--Frankie Goes to Hollywood

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Reach Out--Giorgio Moroder (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): I Just Called to Say I Love You--Stevie Wonder

Died on this date
Janet Gaynor, 77
. U.S. actress. Miss Gaynor became the first winner of the Academy Award for Best Actress, winning the 1927-1928 award for her performances in three films: 7th Heaven (1927); Sunrise (1927); and Street Angel (1928). She was also noted for starring in the first screen version of A Star is Born (1937).

Pope John Paul II continued his Canadian tour with a visit to Toronto.

Politics and government
The Israeli Knesset voted 89-18 to approve the power-sharing coalition between the Likud and Labor parties. The most important decisions were to be made by an "inner cabinet" consisting of five ministers from each side.

Democratic U.S. presidential candidate Walter Mondale said that President Ronald Reagan was an isolated president operating in a "question-free zone" and conducting a "happy-talk campaign."

Retired United States Air Force Colonel Joe Kittinger became the first person to fly a gas balloon alone across the Atlantic Ocean, beginning a four-day mission aboard Balloon of Peace.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve announced that industrial production was up only 0.2% in August. The United States Labor Department reported that the prices paid by producers for finished goods edged downward by 0.1% in August.

Ottawa (3-8) 21 @ Calgary (5-6) 23

J.T. Hay’s dramatic 57-yard field goal on the last play of the game gave the Stampeders the win just after they appeared to have blown it. Mr. Hay had lined up for a shorter attempt, only to have the snap fumbled by the holder. Fortunately for the Stampeders, it was only second down, and they recovered the ball with enough time remaining for Mr. Hay to kick the longest field goal of his CFL career. The loss for the Rough Riders was their seventh in a row.

25 years ago

Died on this date
Perez Prado, 72
. Cuban-born Mexican bandleader. Known as "The Mambo King," Mr. Prado's recording of Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White topped the Billboard Best Seller chart for 10 weeks in the spring of 1955. The song also hit #1 on the Disc Jockey (6 weeks) and Juke Box (8 weeks) charts. Mr. Prado hit #1 again in 1958 when Patricia spent a week at #1 on the Disc Jockey and Top 100 charts.

World events
More than 13,000 refugees had left Hungary for West Germany via Austria since September 11.

The United States administration of President George Bush announced that it would double its pledge of food aid to Poland in the next year to $100 million.

Politics and government
The South African parliament elected F.W. de Klerk to a five-year term as President.

Joseph Wesbecker, who had worked at a printing plant in Louisville, Kentucky before being placed on permanent disability leave in 1988, returned to the plant armed with an AK-47 assault rifle, three semiautomatic pistols, a handgun, and a bayonet. He opened fire, killing seven people and wounding 13.

Major league baseball owners approved the sale of the Seattle Mariners to Jeff Smulyan and Michael Browning for $77 million‚ the highest price ever paid for an American League club.

Mike Scott of the Houston Astros became the first 20-game winner in the major leagues in 1989 when he defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers 11-3 before 13,206 fans at Dodger Stadium.

The St. Louis Cardinals drew a Busch Memorial Stadium record low crowd of 1,519 for their 4-3 loss to the Pittsburgh Pirates.

20 years ago

At the movies
Quiz Show, directed by Robert Redford and starring Rob Morrow, John Turturro, and Ralph Fiennes, opened in theatres.

Major league baseball owners voted 26-2 to cancel the rest of the season, prolonging a strike that had begun after the games of August 11.

A team of scientists from several American and Canadian institutions reported that they had found a gene believed responsible for almost half of all breast cancer cases linked to heredity. This would represent 2%-5% of all cases. Women having a defective form of the gene faced a high risk of developing breast cancer, the second-leading cause of death by cancer among women.

10 years ago

A car bomb exploded outside a police station in Baghdad, killing almost 50 people. Iraqi officials suggested that the spiralling violence may force a delay to national elections scheduled for January 2005.

A group advising the U.S. Food and Drug Administration urged drug manufacturers to strongly warn parents and doctors that prescribing antidepressants to teenagers and children may increase suicidal behaviour.

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