200 years ago
Born on this date
George-Étienne Cartier. Canadian politician. A Father of Confederation, Mr. Cartier was Premier of Canada East from 1857-1858 and 1858-1862. He died on May 20, 1873 at the age of 58.
75 years ago
South Africa declared war on Germany.
70 years ago
The city of Ypres, Belgium is liberated by Allied forces. U.S. forces in France fought their way across the Moselle River between Metz and Nancy, making progress toward the German border. Soviet forces captured Turnu Severin, Romania at the Danube River's Iron Gate pass, and also captured the Estonian city of Tartu. The U.S. State Department announced the recognition of the Czech and Slovak resistance forces and warned Germany to treat them according to the rules of war.
The United States Army said that it would demobilize about 1 million soldiers when the war against Germany ended.
Economics and finance
U.S. War Production Board director Donald Nelson and Patrick Hurley, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt's personal representative to Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek, arrived in Chungking on a mission "to lay the groundwork for postwar industrialization of China."
The U.S. Comitttee for Economic Development recommended postwar tax reductions; equalization on ability to pay; a flat corporation tax; and sufficient revenue to provide national debt reduction.
60 years ago
Montreal (3-0) 20 @ Ottawa (0-3) 11
Toronto (2-1) 21 @ Hamilton (1-2) 7
Winnipeg (3-2-1) 14 @ Saskatchewan (4-1-1) 18
British Columbia (0-4) 6 @ Edmonton (1-2) 12
Toronto (0-2) 0 @ Sarnia (2-1) 24
14,000 fans jammed Taylor Field in Regina to see the Roughriders defeat the Blue Bombers in the traditional Labour Day game. The game was recorded and shown on television in Winnipeg several days later, becoming the first football game in western Canada to be televised.
Jackie Parker, who had missed the first 2 games of the season with an injury, played his first regular season game, playing quarterback for the Eskimos in place of injured Bernie Faloney, completing 7 of 13 passes for 61 yards as they defeated the Lions before 16,500 fans at Clarke Stadium. Rollie Miles caught a pass from Mr. Parker for the first Edmonton touchdown, and Earl Lindley scored the Eskimos' other TD when B.C.'s Gerry Palmer fielded a punt from Mr. Parker inside the Lions' end zone and attempted to punt the ball back. The ball and field were wet because of rain and the ball came out only to the B.C. 5-yard line, where Edmonton halfback Glenn McWhinney attempted to field it, but it squirted away, and Mr. Lindley recovered at the 3 and carried the ball in for the touchdown. Fullback Johnny Bright, playing his first game in an Edmonton uniform since joining the team from the Calgary Stampeders in what was supposed to be an arrangement just for the 1954 season, rushed 9 times for 51 yards. Glenn Lippman led the Edmonton ground game with 11 carries for 81 yards. The B.C. offense amassed just 4 first downs and 118 yards in offense. By Bailey led B.C. rushers with 51 yards on 12 carries.
50 years ago
Died on this date
Billy Sherring, 86. Canadian runner. Mr. Sherring, a member of St. Patrick's Athletic Club of Hamilton, won the Hamilton Herald Around the Bay Road Race in 1899 and finished second in the Boston Marathon in 1900. In 1906 he won the gold medal in the marathon at the unofficial Summer Olympic Games (since renamed the Intercalated Games) in Athens. Mr. Sherring died 13 days before his 87th birthday.
In Washington, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson gave British Columbia Premier W.A.C. Bennett a cheque for $273,291,661.25 in payment for the Columbia River Power agreement.
40 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand: The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae (2nd week at #1)
Houston (3-6-1) 0 @ Memphis (8-2) 45
Florida (7-3) 17 @ New York (6-4) 15
Southern California (6-4) 10 @ Detroit (0-10) 7
Hawaii (2-8) 8 @ Portland (2-7-1) 15
Alberta (1-0) 58 @ Calgary (0-1) 10
Bryan Fryer caught 6 passes for 138 yards and 2 touchdowns as the Golden Bears routed the Dinosaurs before 3,000 fans at McMahon Stadium. Gerald Kunyk, Brian Adam, Tom Towns, Don Kates, Dalton Smarsh, and Vance Curtis scored the other Alberta touchdowns. Dan Diduck scored the only Calgary TD on a 78-yard punt return in the 2nd quarter.
Tulsa 2 @ Indianapolis 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)
Ed Armbrister's checked-swing single to right field off relief pitcher Al Santorini drove in Jim Driscoll from second base with the winning run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning as the Indians edged the Oilers before 2,646 fans. The Oilers had tied the game 2-2 on a single by Tom Heintzelman off winning pitcher Dan Osborn, scoring Jim Beauchamp.
Pacific Coast League
Spokane 4 @ Albuquerque 2 (Spokane won best-of-five series 3-0)
Roy Howell scored on a sacrifice fly by Dave Criscione in the top of the 7th inning to break a 2-2 tie and Tom Robson hit a home run in the 8th for an insurance run as the Indians defeated the Dukes before 3,678 fans to win their second straight PCL championship. Steve Dunning pitched a 9-hit complete game for the win, while Rick Nitz started on the mound for Albuquerque and took the loss.
Pittsfield 2 @ Thetford Mines 17 (Thetford Mines led best-of-three series 1-0)
The Pirates scored 6 runs in the 6th inning and 7 in the 8th as they routed the Rangers before 987 fans. The Rangers allowed 15 hits, 11 bases on balls, 2 hit batsmen, 3 wild pitches, and made 2 errors. Odell Jones was the winning pitcher over Ron Norman. The series was originally supposed to be best-of-five, but both teams were losing money, and Pittsfield agreed to a Thetford Mines proposal to switch to a best-of-three format.
30 years ago
Died on this date
Ernest Tubb, 70. U.S. musician. Mr. Tubb, the "Texas Troubador," was one of the most popular artists in country music from the 1940s thorugh the 1970s. His hit songs included Walking the Floor Over You (1941); Blue Christmas (1948); and Waltz Across Texas (1965).
The United States vetoed a United Nations resolution calling on Israel to "immediately lift all restrictions and obstacles" imposed on Lebanese civilians. The resolution had also asked Israel to withdraw from southern Lebanon.
Politics and government
In an address to B’nai B’rith, Democratic U.S. presidential candidate Walter Mondale warned of dangers in President Ronald Reagan’s remarks linking religion and politics. Mr. Mondale reproached Mr. Reagan for saying that opponents of a school-prayer amendment to the United States Constitution were "intolerant" of religion. Not responding directly to Mr. Mondale’s remarks, President Reagan affirmed his belief in the separation of church and state, and his opposition to a state-approved religion.
Marshal Nikolai Ogarkov, chief of the Soviet general staff, was removed from his post and replaced by his deputy, Marshal Sergei Akhromeyev. Tass, the U.S.S.R. news agency, said that Marshal Ogarkov would be assigned other unspecified duties. Speculation in the west focused o the possibilities that Marshal Ogarkov had opposed defense policy or that he had been embroiled in the jockeying for position in the contest to succeed apparently-ailing U.S.S.R. leader Konstantin Chernenko.
25 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Ehtaa tavaraa (80-luvun tykki)--Bat & Ryyd
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Licence to Kill--Gladys Knight (7th week at #1)
The United States evacuated its entire staff from the U.S. embassy in Beirut, the first time since the beginning of civil war in Lebanon in 1975 that there had been no U.S. diplomatic presence in that country. The action wwas taken a day after 1,000 people blockaded the embassy and demanded that the U.S. recognize the government of Gen. Michel Aoun, head of the Christian regime in Lebanon.
Politics and government
In South African elections, the ruling National Party lost ground in voting for white parliamentary seats. The NP emerged with 93 seats (a loss of 30), to 39 for the Conservative Party and 30 for the Democratic Party. Acting President F.W. de Klerk called the results a mandate for his plan for a gradual reform of the nation’s apartheid system of racial segregation. Hundreds of thousands of Negroes joined a general strike to protest exclusion from the election. Unofficially, 25 deaths were linked to election violence.
Eduardo Martinez, a Colombian linked to the Medellin drug cartel, was extradited to the United States. He was the first person sent to the U.S. since Colombia had resumed extraditing suspected drug operatives for trial.
20 years ago
Died on this date
James Clavell, 72. Australian-born U.S. writer. Mr. Clavell wrote or co-wrote the screenplays for movies such as The Fly (1958); The Great Escape (1963); and To Sir, with Love (1967), but was probably best known for his novels King Rat (1962); Tai-Pan (1966); and Shogun (1975).
Nicky Hopkins, 50. U.K. musician. Mr. Hopkins was a pianist and organist who was briefly a member of The Jeff Beck Group, and Quicksilver Messenger Service, but was best known as a session player, performing with such artists as the Rolling Stones and the Kinks. He suffered from Crohn's Disease for most of his life, and died from complications after intestinal surgery.
Six days after the Irish Republican Army had declared a cease-fire, Irish Prime Minister Albert Reynolds met with Gerry Adams, president of Sinn Fein, the IRA's political wing. The two declared that their goal was a lasting agreement on the future of Northern Ireland that all parties could accept. British Prime Minister John Major met with Rev. Ian Paisley, a Member of the European Parliament and one of Northern Ireland's most prominent Protestant leaders. The meeting ended when Rev. Paisley declined to accept Mr. Major's assurance that no secret deal had been struck with the IRA.
10 years ago
Seven U.S. Marines were killed outside Falluja, Iraq when a car bomb exploded near a convoy of American and Iraqi soldiers.
Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon agreed to change the path of the security barrier cutting through the Palestinian West Bank. The new path would be closer to the line that divided the territories after the Six-Day War in 1967, while still looping around large Jewish settlements in the West Bank.
Edmonton (6-5) 25 @ Calgary (2-9) 7
Toronto (6-4-1) 30 @ Hamilton (5-5-1) 30
Jason Maas completed a 13-yard touchdown pass to Derrell "Mookie" Mitchell in the 1st quarter, Malcolm Frank returned an interception 56 yards for a touchdown late in the 2nd quarter, and Sean Fleming added 2 converts and 3 field goals as the Eskimos beat the Stampeders before 36,251 fans at McMahon Stadium. Scott Regimbald rushed 2 yards for the Calgary touchdown early in the 3rd quarter.
Damnation Island: The mad, disturbing horrors of 19th century institutions for the ‘undesirable’ - Little remains on Roosevelt Island today to remind us of its ghastly, unspeakable past, of the terrible days when it The post Damnation Island: The mad, ...
22 hours ago