Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Malou Canopin and Lynne!
275 years ago
60-100 Negro Carolinians participated in the Stono Rebellion, the largest slave uprising in the British mainland colonies prior to the American Revolution (see also here).
175 years ago
John Herschel took the first glass plate photograph.
100 years ago
George Davis of the Boston Braves pitched a no-hitter in a 7-0 win over the Philadelphia Phillies in the second game of a doubleheader before 7,500 fans at Fenway Park in Boston. The Phillies won the first game 10-3, with Grover Alexander pitching a complete game for his 22nd win of the season.
90 years ago
The Hanapepe massacre occurred in Kauai, Hawaii, when local police opened fire on striking Filipino sugar workers, instantly killing or fatally wounding 16 strikers. The strikers shot and stabbed 3 policemen to death and fatally wounded another.
80 years ago
The Brooklyn Dodgers swept a doubleheader from the Cincinnati Reds 5-0 and 3-0, with Ray Benge and Van Lingle Mungo pitching shutouts.
In the Negro National League, the Pittsburgh Crawfords and Philadelphia Stars played to a 1-1 tie, called after 9 innings because of darkness. 30,000 were at Yankee Stadium to see a classic pitching duel between the Crawfords’ Satchel Paige, who struck out 12, and Slim Jones of the Stars, who struck out 9.
75 years ago
Died on this date
U Ottama, 59. Burmese activist. U Ottama, born Paw Tun Aung, was a Buddhist monk and a leader in the movement for Burmese independence from British colonial rule. His activities frequently resulted in his imprisonment, and he died while on a hunger strike that the British government ignored.
The Battle of Hel began. It was the longest-defended pocket of Polish Army resistance during the German invasion of Poland.
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King established the Agricultural Supplies Committee for wartime distribution.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Swinging on a Star--Bing Crosby (6th week at #1)
German troops in France made strong counterattacks along the Siegfried Line in the Metz-Nancy region. The U.S.S.R. granted Bulgaria's request for an armistice, as the Soviet government claimed that Bulgaria was no longer "a centre of German influence in the Balkans." British planes made 21 attacks within 23 hours after sighting a convoy of about 15 Japanese ships in the Andaman Sea, dispersing the ships over hundreds of miles.
Argentina announced that it would withdraw from the Inter-American Emergency Advisory Committee because of criticisms of Argentina.
Politics and government
The Fatherland Front seized power in Bulgaria through a military coup in Sofia and armed rebellion in the country. A new pro-Soviet government was established, with Colonel Kimon Georgiev taking office as Prime Minister.
Mohandas Gandhi and Mohammed Ali Jinnah opened talks in Bombay in an effort to resolve political differences between Hindus and Muslims in India.
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission said it would build and operate a frequency modulation (FM) radio station to obtain technical data.
Economics and finance
U.S. Office of War Mobilization Director James Byrnes denied that the govenrment planned to operate its war plants in competition with private inductry after World War II.
The United States Commerce Department reported that income payments to individuals in July had increased 9% over July 1943 to $12.892 billion.
Harvard Medical School reported that a synthetic skin or membrane useful in healing burns had been delveloped from fractionation of blood plasma.
60 years ago
16-year-old Marilyn Bell of Toronto arrived at the Canadian National Exhibition breakwater in Toronto at 8:06 P.M., 21 hours after departing Youngstown, New York to swim 32 miles across Lake Ontario, becoming the first person to accomplish the feat, and instantly becoming a local and national celebrity.
50 years ago
The Beach Boys were at Western Recording Studios in Hollywood, California, where they recorded an early take of the song I'm So Young, a take that wasn't released until it appeared on the "twofer" CD The Beach Boys Today!/Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!) in 1990.
The government of Canada began building the $21-million Katimavik Canadian pavilion for the Expo '67 world's fair.
Economics and finance
Quebec borrowed $100 million from British Columbia, the first time one Canadian province had borrowed money from another.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Evie--Stevie Wright (5th week at #1)
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tómame o Déjame--Mocedades
15 people cut off their little fingers to rally anti-Japanese sentiment in a demonstration outside the Japanese embassy in Seoul. The protesters charged that Japan was not cooperating in the investigation into the August 15 assassination attempt in Seoul against South Korean President Park Chung Hee. Mun Se Kwang, a Korean living in Japan, had shot at Mr. Park and missed, killing Mrs. Park.
22-year-old Jimmy Connors of the United States needed only 78 minutes to defeat 39-year-old Ken Rosewall of Australia 6-1, 6-0, 6-1 in the final of the men's singles event at the United States Open. Billie Jean King of the U.S.A. won her fourth and final Open women's singles title, defeating Evonne Goolagong of Australia 3-6, 6-3, 7-5.
Tulsa 3 @ Indianapolis 1 (Tulsa won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Mike Thompson pitched a 3-hit complete game and Tom Heintzelman hit a 2-run home run in the top of the 2nd inning to open the scoring as the Oilers defeated the Indians before 2,450 fans to win their second straight AA title. Ed Armbrister homered for Indianapolis in the bottom of the 2nd to make the score 2-1, but Tulsa replied in the top of the 3rd when Joe Lindsey singled and scored on a double by Leon Lee. The Indians threatened in the 7th when Roger Freed singled and Mr. Armbrister drew a base on balls with 1 out, but Ray Knight then hit into a fielder's choice, and Gene Dusan struck out to end the inning. Mr. Thompson finished with 8 strikeouts and 2 bases on balls. Pat Zachry pitched a complete game in taking the loss, allowing just 7 hits.
Memphis 5 @ Rochester 2 (Memphis led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Richmond 2 @ Syracuse 4 (Syracuse led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Gary Carter, Van Kelly, and Boots Day hit home runs as the Blues scored 3 runs in the 5th inning and 2 in the 6th to overcome a 2-0 deficit and beat the Red Wings before 3,008 fans. Joe Keener, the third of four Memphis pitchers, was credited with the win; Dyar Miller started on the mound for Rochester and took the loss. Jim Hutto hit a solo homer for the Red Wings in the 2nd inning.
The Chiefs scored a run in the bottom of the 1st inning and 2 in the 3rd to take a 3-0 lead as they held on to defeat the Braves before 1,003 fans. Satch Sanders' 2-run double in the 3rd was the key hit for Syracuse. Scott McGregor pitched an 8-hit complete game for the win, striking out 6 and walking just 1, while hitting a single and double of his own. Barry Lersch started on the mound for Richmond and took the loss.
Jacksonville 2 @ Knoxville 0 (Jacksonville led best-of-five series 2-1)
Paul Pelz and Norm Angelini combined to pitch a 6-hit shutout as the Suns defeated the White Sox before 1,359 fans. Kenzie "Duke" Davis had 3 hits for Jacksonville, including 2 doubles, and scored the winning run in the 4th inning when he hit his first double and scored on a single by John Wathan. The other run scored in the 6th when Steve Staggs tripled and scored on a single by Orestes Minoso. Bill "Bugs" Moran pitched into the 6th inning and took the loss.
30 years ago
#1 single in France: Femme libérée--Cookie Dingler
#1 single in Switzerland: Such a Shame--Talk Talk (3rd week at #1)
Pope John Paul II arrived at Quebec International Airport to begin a 12-day tour of Canada; it was his first visit to the country. His day included a three-hour mass at Universite Laval, attended by more than 250,000 people.
Bulgarian President Todor Zhivkov announced that he was postponing a scheduled visit to West Germany. East German President Erich Honecker had made a similar announcement 5 days earlier.
Calgary (4-6) 32 @ Saskatchewan (2-7-1) 18
Hamilton (2-7-1) 11 @ British Columbia (8-1) 46
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Right Here Waiting--Richard Marx
#1 single in France (SNEP): Lambada--Kaoma (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Viva la Mamma--Edoardo Bennato (9th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Swing the Mood--Jive Bunny and the Mastermixers
#1 single in the U.K.: Ride on Time--Black Box
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Hangin' Tough--New Kids On the Block
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Cold Hearted--Paula Abdul (2nd week at #1)
2 Don't Wanna Lose You--Gloria Estefan
3 Hangin' Tough--New Kids on the Block
5 The End of the Innocence--Don Henley
6 Angel Eyes--The Jeff Healey Band
7 Secret Rendezvous--Karyn White
8 Friends--Jody Watley (with Eric B. and Rakim)
9 Shower Me with Your Love--Surface
10 Keep on Movin'--Soul II Soul
Singles entering the chart were Puss N' Boots/These Boots (Are Made For Walkin’) by Kon Kan (#82); Poison by Alice Cooper (#85); and Talk to Myself by Christopher Williams (#90).
Politics and government
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, in a nationally-televised address, mentioned "threats of approaching chaos and talk of a threatened coup, and even civil war." He said that strikes and violence were not an answer to the country’s problems.
Saskatchewan (5-5) 29 @ Toronto (4-6) 24
20 years ago
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Cotton Eye Joe--Rednex (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Guaglione--Perez Prado
Guaglione had originally been recorded by Mr. Prado in 1958, and became a hit in 1994 after being used in an advertisement by Guinness distilleries.
Died on this date
Patrick O'Neal, 66. U.S. actor. Mr. O'Neal was known for his numerous gueat appearances in television programs in the 1960s and '70s. His movies included In Harm's Way (1965); The Kremlin Letter (1970); and The Way We Were (1973). He was suffering from several illnesses when he died 17 days before his 67th birthday.
The United States and Cuba signed an agreement providing for the U.S. to accept a minimum of 20,000 refugees from Cuba per year, while Cuba agreed to attempt to discourage its citizens from fleeing to the U.S. on rafts and other vessels. Cuban dictator Fidel Castro announced that Cubans would have until September 13 to remove rafts from Cuban beaches. Under the agreement, 30,000 refugees now at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba or in Panama could stay where they were or return to Cuba and could apply for a U.S. visa only from Cuba. The U.S. made no concession on ending its economic embargo of Cuba.
Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that prices charged by producers for finished goods had risen 0.6% in August.
Calgary (8-2) 12 @ Edmonton (7-3) 38
Michael Soles caught 2 touchdown passes from Damon Allen and rushed for another TD as the Eskimos routed the Stampeders before 51,180 fans on a rainy Friday night at Commonwealth Stadium. Mr. Allen also threw touchdown passes to Lucius Floyd and Eddie Brown. The Edmonton defense made 4 interceptions off Calgary quarterback Doug Flutie and held the Stampeders to 4 field goals by Mark McLoughlin.
10 years ago
A car bomb exploded outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta, Indonesia, killing 9 people and wounding nearly 200.
U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell said that the rapes, mass killings, and destruction of property in Darfur, Sudan qualified as genocide, and he urged the United Nations to take action.
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
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