Monday, 8 September 2014

September 7, 2014

150 years ago

In the U.S. Civil War, Atlanta was evacuated on orders of Union Army General William Tecumseh Sherman.

125 years ago


The St. Louis Browns were leading the Brooklyn Bridegrooms 4-2 in the 8th inning of an important American Association game at Union Grounds in Brooklyn when Browns’ owner Chris von der Ahe set up a row of lighted candles in front of the St. Louis bench, sending an unsubtle hint to umpire Fred Goldsmith that it was too dark to continue play. Mr. Goldsmith refused to take the hint and ordered play to continue, even after Brooklyn fans knocked over several candles with beer cups and started a small fire. St. Louis manager Charlie Comiskey refused to let his team take the field in the 9th inning, prompting a barrage of beer bottles and a forfeit win for the Bridegrooms.

100 years ago

Born on this date
James Van Allen
. U.S. physicist. Dr. Van Allen was a pioneering space researcher at the University of Iowa. In 1958 he placed instruments aboard Explorer 1, the first U.S. satellite, which resulted in the discovery of the Van Allen radiation belts. Dr. Van Allen died on August 9, 2006 at the age of 91.

The U.S. walrus-hunting ship King and Winge arrived at Rodgers Harbor on Wrangel Island to rescue surviving members of the crew of the Karluk, ship of the Canadian Arctic Expedition, more than a year after the Karluk had become stuck in Arctic ice.

70 years ago

The first two German A-4 (popularly known as V-2) rockets, aimed at Paris, were launched from Euskirchen, Germany at 10:30 A.M. and 11:40 A.M., but were both total failures, falling back onto the firing table because of a technical glitch that had cut off the rockets' fuel supply. U.S. troops in France captured Sedan. Soviet troops closed in on the Polish fortress city of Lomzha, just south of the East Prussian border. Allied amphibious units landed on Supiori Island in Geelvink Bay at the northwestern end of Dutch New Guinea. Japanese forces captured Lingling, former site of a U.S. air base, in the Chinese province of Hunan. Japanese forces also captured the Checkiang seaport of Wenchow, giving them control of approximately two-thirds of the province. Japanese Emperor Hirohito and Prime Minister Kuniaki Koiso reported to the Diet on increased Allied pressure and warned that consideration of an invasion of the Japanese mainland must be considered.

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that Argentina was headquarters for a Fascist movement in the Americas.

The Nicaraguan Congress repealed a Chinese exclusion law and authorized limited immigration.

Politics and government
Republican Party candidate Thomas Dewey opened his 1944 campaign for President of the United States in a radio broadcast criticizing President Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal economic program as "inept, quarrelsome and inefficient," with 10 million people still unemployed in 1940.

60 years ago

Marty Marshall (18-5-2) won an 8-round split decision over Sonny Liston (7-1) in a heavyweight bout at Motor City Arena in Detroit. Mr. Liston suffered a broken jaw during the fight.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Tú Serás Mi Baby (Be My Baby)--Les Surfs (6th week at #1)

On television tonight
During a broadcast of David and Bathsheba (1951) on The NBC Monday Movie, a political advertisement known as the "Daisy" ad was broadcast, showing a little girl picking daisies, segueing into a depiction of a nuclear explosion. The ad was on behalf of U.S. President Lyndon Johnson's election campaign, and aired only once.

Toronto (1-4) 8 @ Hamilton (3-2) 24
Montreal (3-2) 0 @ Saskatchewan (4-3) 32
Winnipeg (1-6-1) 8 @ Calgary (5-2) 25

Bernie Faloney threw touchdown passes to Tommy Grant and Hal Patterson and rushed for a TD of his own as the Tiger-Cats beat the Argonauts before 27,156 fans at Civic Stadium. Jackie Parker, playing flanker, scored the only Toronto touchdown on a 3-yard pass from quarterback Don Fuell.

Ron Lancaster, Bob Ptacek, Ed Buchanan, and George Reed each scored a touchdown, and the Saskatchewan defense held the Montreal offense to 6 first downs, 82 yards rushing, and 56 yards passing as the Roughriders routed the Alouettes before 18,187 fans at Taylor Field in Regina.

Eagle Day threw touchdown passes to Bobby Taylor and Bruce Claridge and handed off to Ted Woods for a 41-yard touchdown rush as the Stampeders defeated the Blue Bombers before 18,075 fans at McMahon Stadium. It was the first CFL game for Winnipeg linebacker Leon Pagac, halfback and kicker Bob Reed, and fullback Art Perkins; the last game for Calgary guard Fred Fleming; and the only CFL game for Winnipeg defensive back Dick McKenna.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Rock Your Baby--George McCrae (4th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Love Me for a Reason--The Osmonds (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates (3rd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
2 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
3 Tell Me Something Good--Rufus
4 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
5 Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim
6 Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White
7 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
8 Then Came You--Dionne Warwick and the Spinners
9 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
10 Hang on in There Baby--Johnny Bristol

Singles entering the chart were Give it to the People by the Righteous Brothers (#78); Life is a Rock (But The Radio Rolled Me) by Reunion (#85); So You are a Star by the Hudson Brothers (#86); You Got to Be the One by the Chi-Lites (#92); Virgin Man by Smokey Robinson (#95); James Dean by the Eagles (#97); People Gotta Move by Gino Vannelli (#98); Second Avenue by Garfunkel (#99); and Blood is Thicker than Water by William DeVaughn (#100).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
2 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
3 Wildwood Weed--Jim Stafford
4 Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim
5 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
6 Hang on in There Baby--Johnny Bristol
7 Feel Like Makin' Love--Roberta Flack
8 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
9 Wild Thing--Fancy
10 Please Come to Boston--Dave Loggins

Singles entering the chart were Love Me for a Reason by the Osmonds (#91); The Bitch is Back by Elton John (#92); Straight Shootin' Woman by Steppenwolf (#95); Carrie's Gone by J.C. Stone (#97); Rock My Roll by Bill Amesbury (#98); Fallin' in Love by the Souther, Hillman, Furay Band (#99); and The Need to Be by Jim Weatherly (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
2 I'm Leaving it (All) Up to You--Donny and Marie Osmond
3 (You're) Having My Baby--Paul Anka with Odia Coates
4 Tell Me Something Good--Rufus
5 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens
6 Hang on in There Baby--Johnny Bristol
7 The Night Chicago Died--Paper Lace
8 Can't Get Enough of Your Love, Babe--Barry White
9 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
10 Takin' Care of Business--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
11 Rock Me Gently--Andy Kim
12 Who Do You Think You Are--Bo Donaldson and the Heywoods
13 It's Only Rock and Roll (But I Like It)--Rolling Stones
14 Clap for the Wolfman--The Guess Who
15 Free Man in Paris--Joni Mitchell
16 I'm on Fire for You Baby--April Wine
17 Tin Man--America
18 Feel Like Makin' Love--Roberta Flack
19 Sweet Home Alabama--Lynyrd Skynyrd
20 You Haven't Done Nothin'--Stevie Wonder
21 Rock Your Baby--George McCrae
22 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John
23 Good Day--Lighthouse
24 Then Came You--Dionne Warwick and the Spinners
25 You and Me Against the World--Helen Reddy
26 People Gotta Move--Gino Vannelli
27 Freedom for the Stallion--Edward Bear
28 Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me--Elton John
29 Love Me for a Reason--The Osmonds
30 I've Got the Music in Me--Kiki Dee Band

Calgary's top 10
1 I Honestly Love You--Olivia Newton-John
2 I Shot the Sheriff--Eric Clapton
3 Shang-A-Lang--Tinker's Moon
4 Nothing from Nothing--Billy Preston
5 Feel Like Makin' Love--Roberta Flack
6 Wildwood Weed--Jim Stafford
7 You and Me Against the World--Helen Reddy
8 Keep on Smilin'--Wet Willie
9 Forever and Ever--Keith Hampshire
10 Another Saturday Night--Cat Stevens
Pick hit of the week: Beach Baby--First Class

World events
Portuguese Foreign Minister Mario Soares and Samora Machel, leader of the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo), signed an agreement in Lusaka, Zambia providing for a provisional Mozambican government to be headed by Frelimo until formal independence for Mozambique, to go into effect on June 25, 1975. A cease-fire ending the country's 10-year war also went into effect. A few hours later, white settlers protesting the pact seized control of the radio station in Lourenco Marques and brought commercial life to a halt. The protest movement, calling itself the Movement for a Free Mozambique, formally urged Portuguese officials to modify the agreement, arguing that control of the government should not be given to Frelimo without a test of popular sentiment.

The New York Times reported that U.S. Central Intelligence Agency director William Colby had testified before Congress in April that the administration of U.S. President Richard Nixon had authorized spending more than $8 million for covert CIA activities in Chile from 1970-1973 to make it impossible for Chilean President Salvador Allende, a Marxist, to govern. Mr. Allende died--apparently committing suicide--as his government was overthrown by a coup in September 1973.

Hamilton (4-4) 16 @ Ottawa (3-5) 10
Saskatchewan (5-3) 38 @ British Columbia (4-3) 16

Ian Sunter kicked 5 field goals and punted for a 57-yard single as the Tiger-Cats defeated the defending Grey Cup champion Rough Riders in a game without a touchdown before 18,612 fans at Lansdowne Park. Gerry Organ kicked 3 field goals and a single for Ottawa. It was the only game in an Ottawa uniform--and the last game ever--for running back Gene Foster, who had been obtained from the Edmonton Eskimos in an off-season trade, but had been on the injured list for the first 7 games of the season. Wearing jersey #1, he rushed 5 times for 15 yards and caught 3 passes for 43 yards.
Bill Etter started at quarterback for the Tiger-Cats and was sacked 8 times. Don Jonas, obtained from the Winnipeg Blue Bombers five days earlier, saw brief action, throwing 2 incomplete passes.

Ron Lancaster threw 2 touchdown passes to Tom Campana and another to Steve Mazurak as the Roughriders scored all their points in the last 24:34 of the game to overcome a 16-0 deficit in defeating the Lions before 30,197 fans at Empire Stadium in Vancouver. The Roughriders put the game away with 17 points in the last 1:45 on a 21-yard field goal by Brian Berg, a 6-yard touchdown rush by George Reed, and a 32-yard interception return by rookie safety Ken McEachern for his first CFL touchdown. Lou Harris rushed for 68 yards for the Lions, including a 1-yard rush for the only B.C. touchdown in the 2nd quarter.

Chicago (7-3) 40 @ Birmingham (10-0) 41

Nolan Ryan pitched a 6-hit complete game, striking out 9 and walking 7, to improve his record for the season to 18-15 as the California Angels defeated the Chicago White Sox 3-1 before 13,510 fans at Anaheim Stadium. A team of four Rockwell International scientists, operating an infrared device from the press box, clocked one of Mr. Ryan's pitches at 98.8 miles per hour and another at 100.8 mph, breaking the record of 98.6 miles per hour set by Bob Feller of the Cleveland Indians in 1946. The record-breaking pitch of 98.8 mph came with Lee "Bee Bee" Richard at bat in the top of the 9th inning. Mr. Ryan threw 159 pitches in the game. The key play came in the top of the 6th, when the White Sox loaded the bases, and California center fielder Morris Nettles made a leaping catch in front of the fence to rob Pat Kelly of a grand slam.

American Association
Tulsa 3 @ Indianapolis 9 (Indianapolis led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Roger Freed hit a 2-run home run and drove in 2 more runs with a single as the Indians overcame a 3-0 4th-inning deficit to beat the Oilers before 2,606 fans. Leon Lee hit a 2-run homer to give Tulsa a 3-0 lead after 3 1/2 innings, but Mr. Freed's home run began the Indianapolis comeback. Mr. Freed's single came with the bases loaded and was the key hit in a 5-run 6th inning for the Indians.

Eastern League
Pittsfield 5 @ Thetford Mines 6 (Thetford Mines won best-of-three series 2-0)

The Pirates scored an unearned run in the bottom of the 6th inning to break a 5-5 tie, and relief pitcher Rich Standari, who had relieved starter and winner Frank Frontino, held the Rangers off the scoreboard the rest of the way to give Thetford Mines its first EL championship before 1,217 fans. The winning run scored when Cal Meier singled with 2 out off Pittsfield starting pitcher Jerry Bostic, continued to second base when right fielder Tommy Cruz bobbled the ball for an error, and when he continued in an attempt to reach third base, ended up scoring when shortstop Roy Smalley, taking the relay from the outfield, threw wildly past third. Pittsfield catcher Ron Pruitt supplied most of the Rangers' offense, hitting two 2-run home runs.

Southern League
Knoxville 1 @ Jacksonville 2 (12 innings) (Jacksonville led best-of-five series 1-0)

Craig Perkins singled home Steve Staggs with 1 out to drive in the winning run in the bottom of the 12th inning as the Suns edged the White Sox before 1,462 fans. Mr. Staggs led off the inning with a base on balls, and when Orestes Minoso bunted the ball in the air in front of home plate, Knoxville pitcher Chuck Sprinkle let the ball hit the ground and then threw to second base to start an apparent double play. However, the umpires ruled that Mr. Sprinkle had dropped the ball intentionally; Mr. Minoso was called out, and Mr. Staggs returned to first base. Dave Cripe then singled, and Mr. Perkins followed with the game-winning single. Norm Angelini, who entered the game in the 11th inning in relief of starter Gary Lance, was the winning pitcher.

Texas League
Victoria 8 @ El Paso 4 (Victoria won best-of-five series 3-0)

The Toros scored 4 runs in the 6th inning and 3 in the 9th as they completed the sweep of the Diablos before 3,627 fans. Ron Diggle hit a 2-run home run as part of Victoria's 6th inning. Steve Simpson, who relieved starter Nino Espinosa in the 5th inning, was the winning pitcher, with 9th-inning relief from Rick Baldwin. Sid Monge started on the mound for El Paso and took the loss. For Victoria manager Joe Frazier, who had led Memphis to the TL title in 1973, the championship was his second straight.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): One Love/People Get Ready--Bob Marley (7th week at #1)

#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Reach Out--Giorgio Moroder (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Sounds Like A Melody--Alphaville (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Joe Cronin, 77
. U.S. baseball player and manager. Mr. Cronin was a shortstop with the Pittsburgh Pirates (1926-1927); Washington Nationals (1928-1934); and Boston Red Sox (1935-1945), batting .301 with 170 home runs and 1,424 runs batted in in 2,124 games. He managed the Nationals in 1933 and 1934--leading the team to the American League pennant--and the Red Sox from 1935-1947, winning the pennant in 1946. Mr. Cronin stepped down as manager to succeed Eddie Collins as the Red Sox' general manager, a position he held until being named president of the American League in January 1959. He retired as AL president at the end of 1973. Mr. Cronin was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame as a player in 1956. On May 29, 1984, Mr. Cronin's #4 and Ted Williams' #9 became the first Boston Red Sox jersey numbers to be retired.

World events
The funeral of Soviet Deputy Prime Minister Leonid Konstandov was nationally televised from Red Square in Moscow. It struck some observers that the elaborate ceremony may have been used as an occasion to give attention to some of the pallbearers. If so, it appeared that Politburo member Mikhail Gorbachev was placed in the most prominent position.

Foreign ministers of the four Contadora countries--Colombia, Mexico, Panama, and Venezuela--concluded two days of meetings with a call for disarmament on Central America. The appeal was included in a revised version of the group’s peace plan for the region, but Nicaragua’s foreign minister pronounced it unacceptable while Nicaragua was under attack.

The outbreak of food poisoning at hospitals in Yorkshire, England that had begun on August 26 continued, with three more deaths.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the unemployment rate continued at a steady 7.4%.

Ottawa (3-7) 25 @ Winnipeg (8-2) 65

The Blue Bombers scored touchdowns on 6 straight possessions in jumping out to a 42-10 lead at halftime. Willard Reaves carried 22 times for 221 yards and 2 touchdowns, and caught one of Tom Clements’ 5 touchdown passes. John Hufnagel relieved Mr. Clements in the third quarter and threw 2 more touchdown passes. James Murphy caught 7 passes for 197 yards and 2 touchdowns, while Jeff Boyd caught 4 for 111 and 3 touchdowns. Jerome Erdman caught the other touchdown pass, while Trevor Kennerd added 9 converts and 2 singles. Ottawa’s Dave Newman caught 1 touchdown pass from starting quarterback J.C. Watts and another from backup Joe Adams. Waymon Alridge also caught a touchdown pass from Mr. Adams. 26, 187 were in attendance at Winnipeg Stadium to see the Blue Bombers amass 677 yards in net offense. The Blue Bombers also recorded 8 quarterback sacks.

Dwight Gooden pitched a 1-hitter and struck out 11 as the New York Mets blanked the Chicago Cubs 10-0 before 46,301 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Keith Moreland’s slow roller in the 5th inning, which third baseman Ray Knight fielded, but couldn’t get out of his glove, was the only Chicago hit.

Burt Hooton and Jay Howell of the Los Angeles Dodgers combined to pitch a 3-hitter, but Dave Parker walked, stole second base, and scored on a single by Alan Knicely with 2 out in the top of the 9th inning to give the Cincinnati Reds a 1-0 win over the Dodgers before 28,430 fans at Dodger Stadium.

Dave Bergman’s 3-run home run in the 10th inning gave the Detroit Tigers a 7-4 win over the Toronto Blue Jays before 37,420 fans at Exhibition Stadium in Toronto. The Tigers trailed 4-0 in the 8th before coming back to tie the score.

The California Angels scored 7 runs in the top of the 2nd inning to take an 8-0 lead as they defeated the Chicago White Sox 16-8 before 26,086 fans at Comiskey Park in Chicago. The White Sox scored 6 runs with 2 out in the 8th. Geoff Zahn was the winning pitcher despite giving up 7 runs--all earned--in 7 2/3 innings. Chicago starter Britt Burns allowed 7 runs--6 earned--in just 1 2/3 innings.

20 years ago


A United States Navy report concluded that the April 19 explosion in the Number Two 16-inch gun turret of the battleship USS Iowa that had killed 47 men was "probably" deliberately caused by Gunner’s Mate Second Class Clayton Hartwig, who was suicidal and had an interest in explosives. The report offered no motive, but conjectured that Mr. Hartwig had placed a detonating device in with gunpowder and the powder exploded as it was being rammed into the gun tube during a firing exercise. Investigators found evidence of foreign chemical elements in the gun tube. Mr. Hartwig’s family denounced the report and demanded a Congressional investigation. The incident was the subject of a dissenting report, media criticism, and years of litigation.

20 years ago

Died on this date
Dennis Morgan, 85
. U.S. actor. Mr. Morgan, born Earl Stanley Morner, was a popular romantic lead in the 1940s, appearing in such movies as Kitty Foyle (1940); The Captains of the Clouds (1942); God is My Co-Pilot (1945); and Christmas in Connecticut (1945).

Terence Young, 79. Chinese-born U.K. film director. Mr. Young was best known for directing the James Bond movies Dr. No (1962); From Russia with Love (1963); and Thunderball (1965).

10 years ago

Died on this date
Bob Boyd, 84
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Boyd, a first baseman, played with the Memphis Red Sox of the Negro American League (1947-1949) and the Chicago White Sox (1951, 1953-1954); Baltimore Orioles (1956-1960); Kansas City Athletics (1961); and Milwaukee Braves (1961). In the major leagues, he batted .293 with 19 home runs and 175 runs batted in in 693 games. Mr. Boyd, the first Negro signed by the White Sox, is a member of the Negro League Hall of Fame.

The number of U.S. casualties in its war in Iraq reached 1,000 as violence resumed between the Mahdi Army, led by Muqtada al-Sadr, and U.S. and Iraqi troops.

Justice John Gomery's inquiry into the "sponsorship scandal" began in Ottawa.

Hurricane Ivan, a Category 5 hurricane, struck Grenada, killing 39 people and damaging 90% of Grenada's buildings.

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