125 years ago
Born on this date
Frank Murphy. American jurist and politician. Mr. Murphy, a Democrat, held several offices, including Governor of Michigan (1937-1939); Attorney General of the United States (1939-1940); and Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1940-1949). As a Supreme Court Justice, he was perhaps best known for dissenting from the majority in Korematsu v. United States (1944), which upheld the constitutionality of internment of Japanese-Americans during World War II. Mr. Murphy was still a member of the Supreme Court when he died in his sleep on July 19, 1949 at the age of 59.
Died on this date
Samuel J. Randall, 64. U.S. politician. Mr. Randall, a Democrat, represented Pensylvania in the United States House of Representatives from 1863-1890. He was the Speaker of the House from 1876-1881. Mr. Randall died of colon cancer while still an active Congressman.
90 years ago
At the movies
The Wizard of Oz, produced, directed, and co-written by Larry Semon, and starring Mr. Semon, Bryant Washburn, Dorothy Dwan, and Oliver Hardy, opened in theatres.
Died on this date
Frederik Buch, 49. Danish actor. Mr. Buch appeared in more than 100 films during the silent era.
Women in Newfoundland were granted the right to vote in dominion elections.
75 years ago
U.S. Assistant Secretary of State A.A. Berle said that as long as Franklin D. Roosevelt was President of the United States, America would stay out of war. Mr. Roosevelt called the German invasion of Norway and Denmark an "unlawful exercise of force." German radio broadcasts from Oslo threatened Norwegians with death if they resisted the German occupation. Five more German destroyers and a U-boat were sunk in battle with British forces.
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said in Washington that 50 years of Pan-Americanism had resulted in the Western Hemisphere's rejection of the world's "arrogant forces."
Politics and government
The U.S. House of Representatives Special Committee to Investigate Un-American Activities reported that the Communist Party U.S.A. had a central role in the Soviet-German plan to sponsor a revolution in Mexico.
Track and field
Cornelius Warmerdam set a world record in the pole vault of 15 feet in Berkeley, California.
New York Rangers 3 @ Toronto 2 (OT) (New York won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Bryan Hextall scored 2:07 into overtime to give the Rangers their third Stanley Cup--and their last for 54 years. Frank Boucher, in his first year behind the bench for the Rangers, was the winning coach, while Dick Irvin, whose son Dick, Jr. was with him at the game in Maple Leaf Gardens, ended nine years as coach of the Maple Leafs. Toronto defenseman Red Horner retired after this game, ending a Hall of Fame career.
70 years ago
German troops killed more than 1,000 political and military prisoners in Gardelegen, Germany.
Soviet and Bulgarian forces captured Vienna. U.S. troops in Germany crossed the Mulde River to reach a point 38 miles west of Dresden and 98 miles from the Soviet troops.
Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King announced in Ottawa that a federal election would be held on June 11, the first in five years.
Senator Kenneth McKellar (Democrat--Tennessee) became the regular presiding officer of the United States Senate, as Vice President Harry Truman had succeeded to the presidency the previous day upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
50 years ago
On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: The Old Man Picked a Lemon, with guest stars Celeste Holm, Ben Piazza, and Michael Davis
The Beatles were at EMI Studios in London, where they did principal recording of the song Help!
The federal government of Prime Minister Lester Pearson granted $3.3 million for a nationwide festival of performing arts during the centennial year of 1967.
Montreal 4 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Montreal won best-of-seven series 4-2)
Detroit 0 @ Chicago 4 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)
Claude Provost's goal at 16:33 of the 1st overtime period gave the Canadiens their won over the Maple Leafs at Maple Leaf Gardens, ending Toronto's three-year reign as Stanley Cup champions. Mr. Provost's 20-foot shot past Toronto goalie Johnny Bower was the first overtime goal in his 10-year NHL career. The Canadiens lost defenceman Jacques Laperriere for the rest of the playoffs with a broken ankle.
Glenn Hall posted the shutout in goal as the Black Hawks blanked the Red Wings at Chicago Stadium.
Ralph Terry pitched a 4-hit complete game victory in his first appearance in a Cleveland uniform as the Indians beat the Los Angeles Angels 7-1 before 11,278 fans at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles. Leon Wagner helped the Cleveland cause with a home run. Mr. Terry had come to the Indians in an off-season trade with the New York Yankees, with whom he had played for 8 years. Fred Newman took the loss for Los Angeles. Dick Wantz made his major league debut as a relief pitcher for the Angels, allowing 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in the 8th, his only inning. After the game, Mr. Wantz complained of severe headaches, and was found to have a brain tumour--he died exactly one month later at the age of 25. Oddly, the last batter he faced, Dick Howser, died of a brain tumour while managing the Kansas City Royals in 1987.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Larry Parks, 60. U.S. actor. Mr. Parks was best known for portrayong entertainer Al Jolson in the movies The Jolson Story (1946) and Jolson Sings Again (1949). He was blacklisted in Hollywood after testifying before the United States House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities in 1951 that he had once been a member of a Communist Party cell. He died of a heart attack.
François Tombalbaye, 56. 1st President of Chad, 1960-1975. Mr. Tombalbaye, who was known as N'Garta Tombalbaye from 1973 until his death, was leader of the Chadian Progressive Party (PPT) and colonial Prime Minister of Chad from March 26, 1959 until Chad gained its independence from France on August 11, 1960, whereupon he took office as President. Concerned about a possible plot within his own party to depose him, Mr. Tombalbaye disbanded the PPT in August 1973 and replaced it with the National Movement for the Cultural and Social Revolution (MNRCS), while also changing his first name. After some of the country's leading militaty officers had been arrested for involvement in an alleged coup, a group of soldiers killed Mr. Tombalbaye and installed Félix Malloum, by then a general, as the new President.
An attack by members of the Lebanese Phalangist resistance killed 26 militia members of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and wounded 30, following an earlier attack by the Palestinians outside a Maronite church. The clashes marked the beginning of the 15-year Lebanese Civil War.
Police believed a woman attacked in the early hours of Sunday morning was the sixth victim of a serial rapist operating in Cambridge, England.
Jack Nicklaus shot a 4-under-par 68 in the final round to win the Masters in Augusta, Georgia for a record fifth time, finishing with a 12-under-par total of 276, 1 stroke ahead of Johnny Miller and third-round leader Tom Weiskopf. First prize money was $40,000. George Burns was the top amateur, shooting an even par 72 in the final round to finish with a 4-over-par score of 292, 16 strokes behind Mr. Nicklaus.
Vancouver 2 @ Montreal 6 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 1-0)
New York Islanders 4 @ Pittsburgh 5 (Pittsburgh led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Toronto 3 @ Philadelphia 6 (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Chicago 1 @ Buffalo 4 (Buffalo led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Guy Lapointe and Guy Lafleur each scored 2 goals as the Canadiens defeated the Cauncks before 16,461 fans at the Montreal Forum in the Canucks' first playoff game in their five-year history. The national Hockey Night in Canada telecast was the first playoff game for both teams in 1975, as both had finished first in their divisions and received byes into the quarter-finals. Yvan Cournoyer and Steve Shutt scored the other Montreal goals, while Paulin Bordeleau and Gerry O'Flaherty scored for Vancouver in the 1st period. Ken Lockett was a surprise starter in goal for Vancouver ahead of usual starter Gary Smith, and he stopped 33 of 39 shots. Montreal goalie Ken Dryden made 19 saves.
Vic Hadfield, Ron Stackhouse, and Pete Laframboise scored in the first 15 minutes to give the Penguis a 3-0 lead as they held on to defeat the Islanders before 13,404 fans at Pittsburgh Civic Arena. J. Bob Kelly and Dave Burrows scored for Pittsburgh in the 3rd period. Andre St. Laurent scored in the 1st period and Bob Bourne in the 2nd for New York, while J.-P. Parise scored the game's last 2 goals to make the score close.
Bill Barber, Reg Leach, Jim Watson, and Rick MacLeish scored in the 3rd period as the Flyers, trailing 3-2 after 2 periods, came back to beat the Maple Leafs before 17,077 fans at the Spectrum. Mr. MacLeish scored twice in the 1st period to give Philadelphia a 2-0 lead, but Toronto came back in the 2nd period with goals by Tiger Williams, Blaine Stoughton, and Darryl Sittler. Mr. MacLeish's third goal of the game was scored into an empty net with 7 seconds remaining in the game. It was the first playoff game of 1975 for the Flyers, who had finished first in the Patrick division in the regular season.
Danny Gare, Gilbert Perreault, and Fred Stanfield scored in the 1st period as the Sabres beat the Black Hawks before 15,863 fans at War Memorial Auditorium. Ivan Boldirev scored for Chicago in the 2nd period, but Rick Martin put the game away for Buffalo with a goal with 1:30 remaining in the game. It was the first playoff game of 1975 for the Sabres, who had finished first in the Adams Division in the regular season. For Buffalo goalie Gerry Desjardins, who faced only 19 shots, it was his first playoff game since 1972, when he was a member of the Black Hawks.
Avco World Trophy
Houston 1 @ Cleveland 3 (Houston led best-of-seven series 2-1)
New England 3 @ Minnesota 8 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Defencemen Larry Hillman and Tom Edur each scored powerplay goals in the 3rd period to give the Crusaders their win over the Aeros before 6,738 fans at Richfield Coliseum in Richfield, Ohio. Al McDonough opened the scoring for Cleveland at 4:52 of the 2nd period, but Houston's Mark Howe scored the tying goal at 7:09. Gerry Cheevers made 35 saves to win the goaltending duel over Ron Grahame.
George Morrison and Terry Ball each scored 2 goals and Fran Huck added a goal and 3 assists as the Fighting Saints routed the Whalers before 10,509 fans at St. Paul Civic Center. Ron Climie scored twice for New England.
Chicago 95 @ Kansas City-Omaha 102 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Larry McNeill made all 12 of his field goal attempts and finished with 28 points as the Kings beat the Bulls before 11,378 fans at Kemper Arena in Kansas City. Jimmy Walker added 26 points and Nate Archibald 24 for the Kings. Bob Love led the Bulls with 21 points and Chet Walker added 20.
Memphis 99 @ Kentucky 111 (Kentucky won best-of-seven series 4-1)
New York 89 @ St. Louis 100 (St. Louis led best-of-seven series 3-1)
Artis Gilmore scored 31 points to lead the Colonels over the Sounds before 3,543 fans at Freedom Hall in Louisville. Louis Dampier added 21 points for Kentucky and Ted McClain scored 20. George Carter led Memphis with 26 points and Tom Owens added 25 in the last game the Memphis Sounds ever played. They moved to Baltimore in the off-season to become the Hustlers and then the Claws.
Marvin Barnes scored 23 points and Maurice Lucas 20 as the Spirits defeated the Nets before 7,719 fans at St. Louis Arena. New York's Julius Erving led all scorers with 35 points.
Steve Stone pitched a 4-hit shutout and Jerry Morales drove in 3 runs as the Chicago Cubs blanked the Montreal Expos 7-0 before 12,433 fans at Wrigley Field in Chicago.
Don Gullett pitched a 2-hit shutout and batted 2 for 4 with a run and 2 runs batted in as the Reds scored 7 runs in the 5th inning and 2 in the 6th on their way to a 10-0 rout of the San Diego Padres before 17,622 fans at San Diego Stadium. Cincinnati third baseman John Vukovich, normally a weak hitter, batted 2 for 3 with 2 runs and 1 RBI.
Jim Wynn and Steve Yeager hit home runs to help the Los Angeles Dodgers defeat the Houston Astros 7-4 before 17,310 fans at the Astrodome. Andy Messersmith struck out 9 batters as he pitched a complete game for the win.
Tom Underwood pitched a 5-hit shutout in his first major league start and Greg Luzinski hit a solo home run in the 4th inning for the winning run as the Philadelphia Phillies blanked the St. Louis Cardinals 2-0 before 13,539 fans at Veterans Stadium in Philadelphia. Losing pitcher Bob Forsch allowed just 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 7 innings. The game took just 1 hour and 45 minutes to play.
John Montefusco pitched a 4-hit shutout and Pete Falcone allowed 4 hits and 2 earned runs in 8 innings for the San Francisco Giants as they swept a doubleheader against the Atlanta Braves by scores of 5-0 and 4-2 before 10,527 fans at Candlestick Park in San Francisco.
John Lowenstein hit a home run and Johnny Ellis doubled home George Hendrick and Charlie Spikes as the Cleveland Indians rallied for 3 runs in the top of the 9th inning to defeat the Milwaukee Brewers 3-1 before 22,459 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The late rally provided Cleveland's Gaylord Perry with his 200th career major league win. He pitched a 5-hit complete game, with Johnny Briggs' home run in the 1st inning accounting for the only Milwaukee run.
Mike Torrez, pitching his first game in the American League since being acquired in a trade from the Montreal Expos, allowed 11 hits but just 3 runs--all earned--in pitching a complete game as the Baltimore Orioles routed the Boston Red Sox 11-3 before 14,528 fans at Memorial Stadium in Baltimore. Baltimore third baseman Brooks Robinson batted 4 fo 5 with a triple, 4 runs, and 2 runs batted in.
George Medich pitched a 2-hit shutout as the New York Yankees blanked the Detroit Tigers 6-0 in the first game of a doubleheader before 28,051 fans at Shea Stadium in New York. Losing pitcher Tom Walker, in his first American League game after being acquired in a trade with the Montreal Expos, allowed 7 his and 5 runs--2 earned--in 4 2/3 innings in taking the loss. Lerrin LaGrow pitched a 4-hit complete game for the win as the Tigers came back to win the second game 5-2. Detroit center fielder Ron LeFlore led off the game with a home run against losing pitcher Rudy May.
2 errors by relief pitcher Don Kirkwood on consecutive bunts allowed the Chicago White Sox to score 3 unearned runs in the top of the 12th inning as they beat the California Angels 7-5 in the first game of a doubleheader before 14,626 fans at Anaheim Stadum. The White Sox completed the sweep when they scored 3 runs in the 1st inning and 2 in the 2nd and held on to win 5-4 in the second game, with the Angels scoring all their runs in the 5th inning off Chicago starting pitcher Stan Bahnsen. Jim Kaat pitched the first 6 innings for the White Sox in game 1, and faced 2 batters in relief of Mr. Bahnsen in game 2.
Hal McRae batted 3 for 4 with 2 doubles, a run, and 3 runs batted in as the Kansas City Royals beat the Minnesota Twins 5-3 before 7,771 fans at Royals Stadium. Kansas City designated hitter Harmon Killebrew singled in 2 runs in the 3rd inning for his first 2 RBIs of the season, appropriately, against the team for which he had played from 1954-1974. Steve Busby pitched 8 shutout innings for the victory. Marty Pattin began the 9th inning on the mound for Kansas City, but almost blew the game, allowing 3 earned runs in just 1/3 inning before Doug Bird came in to get the save. Joe Decker pitched a complete game in taking the loss, allowing 11 hits and 5 earned runs, while striking out just 1 batter.
Tommy Cruz and Tom Robson hit consecutive home runs in the top of the 10th inning to give the Spokane Indians an 8-6 win over the Sacramento Solons in a Pacific Coast League game before 5,386 fans on a cold Sunday afternoon at Hughes Stadium in Sacramento. Roy Smalley hit a grand slam for Spokane, and Vern Wilkins also homered for the Indians. Mike Kekich was the winning pitcher. Bob Hansen hit 2 homers for Sacramento. The Solons wore short pants in the game, the first of several such occasions planned for 1975.
30 years ago
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): We are the World--USA for Africa
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): You're My Heart, You're My Soul--Modern Talking (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nightshift--Commodores (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): We are the World--USA for Africa
#1 single in the U.K.: Easy Lover--Philip Bailey (with Phil Collins) (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): We are the World--USA for Africa
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 We are the World--USA for Africa
2 One More Night--Phil Collins
3 Crazy for You--Madonna
5 Material Girl--Madonna
6 Rhythm of the Night--DeBarge
7 Can’t Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
8 Lovergirl--Teena Marie
9 I’m on Fire--Bruce Springsteen
Singles entering the chart were Magical by John Parr (#85); Steady by Jules Shear (#86); Voices Carry by 'Til Tuesday (#87); and Basketball by Kurtis Blow (#89).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Can't Fight This Feeling--REO Speedwagon
2 Shout--Tears for Fears
3 One Night in Bangkok--Murray Head
4 One More Night--Phil Collins
5 Tears are Not Enough--Northern Lights
6 Too Late for Goodbyes--Julian Lennon
7 Material Girl--Madonna
8 A Criminal Mind--Gowan
9 I Want to Know What Love Is--Foreigner
10 Careless Whisper--Wham! featuring George Michael
Singles entering the chart were One Lonely Night by REO Speedwagon (#94); Peggy's Kitchen Wall by Bruce Cockburn (#96); Secrets and Sins by Luba (#97); and No More and No Less by Rational Youth (#98).
Montreal 4 Boston 2 (Montreal led best-of-five series 2-1)
Calgary 4 Winnipeg 0 (Winnipeg led best-of-five series 2-1)
Edmonton 4 @ Los Angeles 3 (OT) (Edmonton won best-of-five series 3-0)
Glenn Anderson scored the series-winning goal for the Oilers at the Forum in Inglewood, California.
The Milwaukee Brewers beat the Texas Rangers 6-5 as Rollie Fingers recorded his 217th career save in the American League, breaking the record held by Sparky Lyle. Mr. Fingers had also recorded 108 saves in the National League.
Candy Maldonado’s pinch-hit home run in the bottom of the 8th inning off Mark Davis gave the Los Angeles Dodgers a 1-0 win over the San Francisco Giants at Dodger Stadium. Fernando Valenzuela was the winning pitcher.
25 years ago
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Nothing Compares 2 U--Sinéad O'Connor (7th week at #1)
Montreal 4 @ Buffalo 2 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-2)
Hartford 2 @ Boston 3 (Boston led best-of-seven series 3-2)
New York Islanders 5 @ New York Rangers 6 (Rangers won best-of-seven series 4-1)
Washington 4 @ New Jersey 3 (Washington led best-of-seven series 3-2)
20 years ago
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Poison--The Prodigy (2nd week at #1)
Politics and government
U.S. Representative Bob Dornan (California) announced his candidacy for the 1996 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States. Mr. Dornan was a conservative Roman Catholic who opposed abortion and homosexuality.
10 days after an agreement between major league owners and players that ended an eight-month strike was approved, teams began playing spring training games.
10 years ago
Died on this date
Nikola Ljubičić, 89. President of Serbia, 1982-1984. Mr. Ljubičić, a Communist, was Yugoslavia's Secretary of Defense from 1967-1982 and was a member of the Presidency of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1984-1989. He died nine days after his 89th birthday.
Johnnie Johnson, 80. U.S. musician. Mr. Johnson was a pianist who led the combo Sir John's Trio in St. Louis in the early 1950s, a group that included guitarist Chuck Berry. When Mr. Berry achieved his first success as a recording artist in 1955, Mr. Johnson let Mr. Berry take over leadership of the band, and Mr. Johnson remained as an arranger and pianist for Mr. Berry until 1973. Mr. Johnson was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001.
Don Blasingame, 72. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Blasingame was a second baseman with the St. Louis Cardinals (1955-1959); San Francisco Giants (1960-1961); Cincinnati Reds (1961-1963); Washington Senators (1963-1966); and Kansas City Athletics (1966), batting .258 with 21 home runs and 308 runs batted in in 1,444 games. He's perhaps best remembered for losing his starting position with Cincinnati when the Reds installed rookie Pete Rose at second base in 1963. Mr. Blasingame played with the Nankai Hawks in the Japanese Pacific League from 1967-1969, batting .274 with 15 home runs and 86 RBIs. He remained in Japan as a coach with the Hawks for the next 8 seasons. Mr. Blasingame managed the Hanshin Tigers (1980-1981) before returning to manage the Hawks (1982-1983).
Philippe Volter, 46. Belgian actor. Mr. Volter, born Philippe Wolter, appeared in such movies as The Double Life of Veronique (1991) and Three Colors: Blue (1993). He committed suicide.
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
19 hours ago