Sunday, 19 April 2015

April 19, 2015

1,950 years ago

World events
The freedman Milichus betrayed Gaius Calpurnius Piso's plot to assassinate Roman Emperor Nero, and all the conspirators were arrested.

625 years ago

Died on this date
Robert II, 74
. King of Scots, 1371-1390. Robert II, the grandson of Robert the Bruce, succeeded David II as King. Robert II was succeeded by his son Robert III.

240 years ago

The American Revolutionary War began with the "shot heard around the world" as Colonial Minute Men took on British Army regulars at Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts.

125 years ago

The Players League played its first games: The Boston Reds edged the Brooklyn Wonders at Congress Street Ground in Boston; the Philadelphia Quakers outlasted the New York Giants at Brotherhood Park in New York; the Chicago Pirates beat the Pittsburgh Burghers 10-2 at South Side Park in Chicago; and the Buffalo Bisons routed the Cleveland Infants 23-2 at Olympic Park in Buffalo, as losing pitcher Henry Gruber went the distance, giving up 17 hits and 16 bases on balls.

75 years ago

The first French forces landed in northern Norway.

Germany expelled Norwegian Minister Arne Scheel.

Politics and government
New York City members of the state Republican Party Committee endorsed National Committeeman Kenneth Simpson in his struggle to maintain his position against forces supporting New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey.

Track and field
Taitso Maki of Finland set a U.S. record for the 3-mile run, covering the distance in 13:42.4 in New Orleans.

70 years ago

Carousel, by Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein II, opened at the Majestic Theatre on Broadway in New York City.

U.S. War Secretary Henry Stimson said that since the D-Day invasion of June 6, 1944, the Allies had taken 2.1 million German prisoners on the western front. U.S. troops in Germany captured Leipzig. Radio reports from Berlin announced that Soviet troops were 10 miles east of the German capital. U.S. forces reached the northern tip of Okinawa and began an assault against the estmated 77,000 Japanese defenders on the southern part of the island.

Insurgent forces in the Honduran state of Coban were reported defeated by three Honduran government units.

Guatemala and the U.S.S.R. established diplomatic relations.

Politics and government
The Iranian cabinet of Prime Minister Morteza Quilikhan Bayat resigned after failing to receive the approval of parliament.

U.S. President Harry Truman told congressional leaders that he supported pending legislation sponsored by the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt that included reciprocal trade agreements; the Office of Price Administration and Stabilization Act; a military draft of 18-year-olds; and the Bretton Woods proposals.

Most Reverend Geoffrey Fisher was installed as Archbishop of Canterbury and Primate of England.

The International Air Transport Conference ended in Havana after deciding on a policy of widespread competition for world air trasportation. H.J. Symington was elected president.

U.S. Stabilization Director William Davis approved a National War Labor Board-sponsored wage increase of 5c per hour for about 55,000 textile workers.

Lord & Taylor presented the 1945 American Design Award and $25,000 to the National Academy of Sciences for the collective achievements of American scientists in creating weapons of war.

Stanley Cup
Toronto 0 @ Detroit 2 (Toronto led best-of-seven series 3-2)

Harry Lumley posted the shutout to win the goaltending duel over Frank McCool as the Red Wings blanked the Maple Leafs at Olympia Stadium.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Flamenco--Los Brincos (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Walking the Streets in the Rain--Butch Moore (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits
2 I'm Tellin' You Now--Freddie & the Dreamers
3 I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers
4 Mean Woman Blues--Bobby Curtola
5 Me and You--The Regents
6 Game of Love--Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
7 Tired of Waiting for You--The Kinks
8 Bumble Bee--The Searchers
9 The Last Time--The Rolling Stones
10 Shakin' All Over--Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?)

Singles entering the chart were Just Once in My Life by the Rightesous Brothers (#21); Concrete and Clay by Unit Four Plus Two (#24); S.O.S. (Sweet on Susie) by Kenny Chandler (#27); Ooo Baby Baby by the Miracles (#28); The Mouse by Soupy Sales (#29); I Can't Stop Thinking of You by Bobbi Martin (#30); Ticket to Ride by the Beatles (#37); Cry is All I Do by the Esquires (#39); and Help Me, Rhonda by the Beach Boys (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: The Monkee's Paw--A Retelling, starring Leif Erickson, Jane Wyatt, Collin Wilcox, and Lee Majors

Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro arrived in Washington to begin his first visit to the United States.

Los Angeles 123 @ Boston 129 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Five different players scored at least 20 points for the Celtics as they defeated the Lakers at Boston Garden. John Havlicek scored 24 points for Boston; Bill Russell and Tom Sanders each added 23; Tommy Heinsohn scored 22; and Sam Jones scored 20. Jerry West of Los Angeles led all scorers with 45 points and Dick Barnett added 26 for the Lakers.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): You're the First, the Last, My Everything--Barry White (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Paloma Blanca--George Baker Selection

#1 single in the U.K.: Bye Bye Baby--Bay City Rollers (5th week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
2 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
3 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
4 No No Song--Ringo Starr
5 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
6 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
7 Emma--Hot Chocolate
8 Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance)--Leo Sayer
9 What am I Gonna Do with You--Barry White
10 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn

Singles entering the chart were Good Lovin' Gone Bad by Bad Company (#79); Sandy by the Hollies (#92); Bloody Well Right by Supertramp (#93); Shackin' Up by Barbara Mason (#94); Check it Out by Bobby Womack (#96); Don't Leave Me in the Morning by Odia Coates (#98); Save Me by Silver Convention (#99); and Too Late to Worry, Too Blue to Cry by Ronnie Milsap (#100). Sandy was the first recorded cover of a song written by Bruce Springsteen.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
2 No No Song--Ringo Starr
3 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
4 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
5 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
6 Emma--Hot Chocolate
7 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
8 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
9 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
10 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas

Singles entering the chart were All in the Past by Gary & Dave (#78); Swing Your Daddy by Jim Gilstrap (#84); Don't Leave Me in the Morning by Odia Coates (#85); Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While) by Charity Brown (#86); Cut the Cake by AWB (#87); Cry to Me by Loretta Holloway (#88); When Will I Be Loved by Linda Ronstadt (#89); I Want to Be Free by Ohio Players (#91); Trampled Under Foot by Led Zeppelin (#92); Only Women by Alice Cooper (#93); You Brought the Woman Out of Me by Evie Sands (#94); One Beautiful Day by Ecstasy, Passion and Pain (#95); I'm Not Lisa by Jessi Colter (#96); Hang on Sloopy by Rick Derringer (#97); Hijack by Herbie Mann (#98); Sister Golden Hair by America (#99); and Get Down, Get Down (Get on the Floor) by Joe Simon (#100). All in the Past was the B-side (or maybe the A-side) of What Can You Do About It, charting at #90.

Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
2 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
3 No No Song--Ringo Starr
4 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
5 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
6 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
7 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
8 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
9 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
10 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
11 In the Mood--Rush
12 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
13 Stand by Me--John Lennon
14 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
15 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
16 Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance)--Leo Sayer
17 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
18 (Make Me Do) Anything You Want--A Foot in Coldwater
19 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
20 The Immigrant--Neil Sedaka
21 Lady--Styx
22 Loves Me Like a Brother--The Guess Who
23 Autobahn--Kraftwerk
24 Changes--David Bowie
25 How Long--Ace
26 Pinball Wizard--Elton John (LP track)
27 Lonely People--America
28 Essence of Joan--Andy Kim
29 It's a Miracle--Barry Manilow
30 Julie--Ian Thomas

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
2 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
3 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
4 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
5 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
6 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
7 Emma--Hot Chocolate
8 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
9 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
10 No No Song--Ringo Starr
11 I Can Dance--Shooter
12 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
13 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
14 Have You Never Been Mellow--Olivia Newton-John
15 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
16 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow
17 Stand by Me--John Lennon
18 Roll on Down the Highway--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
19 Killer Queen--Queen
20 What am I Gonna Do with You--Barry White
21 Back Up (Against Your Persuasion)--Black & Ward
22 In the Mood--Rush
23 Let the Phone Ring--Jim Mancel
24 Butter Boy--Fanny
25 Misty--Ray Stevens
26 Bad Time--Grand Funk
27 Pinball Wizard--Elton John (LP track)
28 Fire--Ohip Players
29 Rainy Day People--Gordon Lightfoot
30 Sail on Sailor--The Beach Boys

Pinball Wizard was from the soundtrack of the movie Tommy (1975).

Died on this date
Wes Kingdon, 74
. U.S. baseball player. Mr. Kingdon was an infielder who played 18 games with the Washington Nationals in 1932, batting .324 with no home runs and 3 runs batted in. He played more than 2,100 games in the minor leagues in a career that stretched from 1919-1940.

Talmadge "Sheriff" Maples, 64. U.S. football player. Mr. Maples played center with the University of Tennessee Volunteers before playing with the Cincinnati Reds of the National Football League in 1934.

Hector Brito, 28. Venezuelan-born baseball pitcher. Mr. Brito played in the minor leagues in the United States for several years before going to the Mexican League in 1970. He was a member of the Aguascalientes Vintners when he died several minutes after being found unconscious in his Aguascalientes hotel room. Mr. Brito had apparently come out of the bathroom with the lights out, slipped and fell, hitting his head against a chair. Mr. Brito pitched for Aguila from 1970-1974 and pitched in 9 games with the Vintners in 1975, posting a record of 1-5 with an earned run average of 7.05. In 6 seasons in the Mexican League he compiled a record of 48-49 with an ERA of 3.28.

India's first satellite, Aryabhata, was launched from Kapustin Yar in Russia aboard a Kosmos-3M rocket.

North Korean dictator Kim Il-sung began a week-long visit to China.

Stanley Cup
Philadelphia 4 @ Toronto 3 (OT) (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-0)
Montreal 4 @ Vancouver 0 (Montreal led best-of-seven series 3-1)

Andre Dupont deflected teammate Dave Schultz's shot past Gord McRae for the winning goal at 1:45 of the 1st overtime period as the Flyers eliminated the Maple Leafs before 16,485 fans at Maple Leaf Gardens. Ron Ellis had scored his second goal of the game with 6:37 remaining in regulation time to tie the game for Toronto. It was the last game as a Maple Leaf for Dave Keon, who left after 15 years--the last 5 as captain--to sign with the Minnesota Fighting Saints of the World Hockey Association. It was the last NHL game for Norm Ullman, who had come into the league with the Detroit Red Wings in 1955 and had been traded to the Maple Leafs in March 1968; he signed with the WHA's Edmonton Oilers after the season. It was also the final game as a Maple Leaf for Bill Flett, who had had a disappointing year in his only season with Toronto after several productive years with the Los Angeles Kings and Philadelphia Flyers.

Ken Dryden stopped all 37 shots and the Montreal Canadiens scored 2 goals in each of the last 2 periods as they blanked the Canucks before 15,570 fans at pacific Coliseum. Guy Lafleur broke the 0-0 tie at 4:06 of the 2nd period. Yvan Cournoyer scored later in the period, and Pete Mahovlich and Serge Savard scored in the 3rd period. Vancouver goalie Gary Smith made 20 saves.

Avco World Trophy
New England 1 @ Minnesota 6 (Minnesota won best-of-seven series 4-2)

Mike Walton scored 3 goals and an assist to lead the Fighting Saints over the Whalers before 11,870 fans at St. Paul Civic Centre. Gary Gambucci scored the series-winning goal with 2:37 remaining in the 1st period. Wayne Connelly and Don Tannahill scored the other Minnesota goals. Mike Byers ruined John Garrett's bid for a shutout with 8:41 remaining in the 3rd period.

Conference Semi-Finals
Second Round
Boston 102 @ Houston 117 (Boston led best-of-seven series 2-1)
Golden State 94 @ Seattle 111 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Rudy Tomjanovich scored 28 points and Mike Newlin added 26 and Calvin Murphy 22 as the Rockets beat the Celtics before 10,218 fans at Hofheinz Pavilion. Don Nelson led Boston with 21 points.

Fred Brown scored 37 points and Tom Burleson added 29 as the SuperSonics defeated the Warriors before 14,082 fans at Seattle Center Coliseum. Keith Wilkes led Golden State with 22 points, while the Seattle defense held Rick Barry to 11 points.

Pete Rose and Dave Concepcion hit consecutive singles off Ken Forsch with 2 out in the 9th inning, driving home Ken Griffey and Dan Driessen, respectively, as the Cincinnati Reds, trailing 8-2 after 6 1/2 innings, rallied with 2 runs in the 7th, 1 in the 8th, and 3 in the 9th to defeat the Houston Astros 9-8 before 17,178 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cinncinnati. Houston catcher Milt May batted 4 for 4 with his first home run of the season, 3 runs, and 2 runs batted in.

Tito Fuentes tripled in 2 runs in the 4th inning and Dave Winfield hit a 2-run home run in the 6th inning as the San Diego Padres beat the Atlanta Braves 8-2 before 4,714 fans at Atlanta Stadium in the NBC Game of the Week telecast. Winning pitcher Dave Freisleben allowed 7 hits and 3 earned runs in 8 1/3 innings. Losing pitcher Gary Gentry allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--3 earned--in the final start of his seven-year major league career.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Live is Life--Opus (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): We are the World--USA For Africa (3rd week at #1)

200 U.S. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms and Federal Bureau of Investigation agents laid siege to the compound of the survivalist group The Covenant, The Sword, and the Arm of the Lord in Arkansas. The CSA surrendered two days later.

The U.S.S.R performed nuclear tests at Eastern Kazakhstan/Semipalatinsk.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Oi beibi/Tuhansien sulojen maa--Raptori (6th week at #1)

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): The By-road to Glenroe--Mick Lally (3rd week at #1)

World events
The U.S.S.R. shut down three or four natural gas pipelines serving Lithuania.

Politics and government
Representatives of Nicaragua’s outgoing Sandanista regime, the Contra rebels, and the incoming government agreed to a cease-fire, to take effect the next day.

Canadian Fisheries Minister Bernard Valcourt said that the Halifax fishery should be pared down and year-round work provided, instead of seasonal work and unemployment insurance that destroyed the work ethic.

Five teenagers were charged in Simcoe, Ontario with setting a huge tire fire at the Tyre King Recycling dump in Hagersville, which had burned for 17 days in February, forcing 500 people from their homes.

Stanley Cup
Divisional Finals
Montreal 0 @ Boston 1 (Boston led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Washington 3 @ New York Rangers 7 (New York led best-of-seven series 1-0)

20 years ago

The Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City was destroyed by a car bomb. 168 people, including 19 children were killed in the worst terrorist attack in U.S. history to date.

Politics and government
Report of the National Commission on the Future of Quebec - La Commission nationale sur l'avenir du Québec was published in Quebec City.

U.S. Senator Richard Lugar (Indiana) anounced his candidacy for the 1996 Republican Party nomination for President of the United States. Sen. Lugar was a former chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and was currently head of the Agriculture Committee.

Economics and finance
The United States Commerce Department reported that the trade deficit had declined sharply in February to $9.01 billion.

In inter-day trading in New York, the U.S. dollar dipped briefly to less than 80 Japanese yen.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Ruth Hussey, 93
. U.S. actress. Miss Hussey was a stage actress who played supporting roles in movies such as Another Thin Man (1939); The Philadelphia Story (1940); and The Uninvited (1944).

George P. Cosmatos, 64. Italian-born movie director. Mr. Cosmatos' movies included The Cassandra Crossing (1976); Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985); Cobra (1986); Tombstone (1993); and Shadow Conspiracy (1997). He eventually settled in Victoria, British Columbia, where he died of lung cancer.

The Roman Catholic College of Cardinals named Joseph Ratzinger as the next pope, succeeding John Paul II. Cardinal Ratzinger took the name Benedict XVI.

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