Thursday, 9 April 2015

April 9, 2015

1,300 years ago
715


Died on this date
Constantine, 50 or 51
. Roman Catholic Pope, 708-715. Constantine, born Constantinus in Syria, succeeded Sisinnius, and was succeeded in turn by Gregory II.

150 years ago
1865


Born on this date
Erich Ludendorff
. German military officer. General Ludendorff led German forces to early victories in World War I. He supported German militarism in the early 1920s, but eventually became a pacifist and believer in esoteric conspiracy theories. General Ludendorff declined an invitation from Fuehrer Adolf Hitler to come out of retirement in the mid-1930s and died at the age of 72 on December 20, 1937.

War
Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered the Army of Northern Virginia to Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant in Appomattox Court House, Virginia, effectively ending the U.S. Civil War.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Daniel Johnson
. Canadian politician. Mr. Johnson became leader of the Union Nationale in 1961 and became Premier of Quebec upon leading hisparty to victory in the 1966 provincial election. He died of a heart attack at the age of 53 on September 26, 1968, the day after arriving at the site of the Manicouagan-5 dam, which was being dedicated upon its completion. Mr. Johnson was succeeded as Premier by Jean-Jacques Bertrand. Mr. Johnson's sons Daniel and Pierre-Marc both later served as Premier of Quebec.

80 years ago
1935

Hockey

NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Toronto 1 @ Montreal Maroons 4 (Montreal won best-of-five series 3-0)

The cup-winning goal was scored by Baldy Northcott at 16:18 of the second period. It marked the second and last Stanley Cup for the Maroons, who disbanded in 1938. Alex Connell, who provided the Maroons with outstanding goaltending, retired from hockey after this win.

75 years ago
1940


War
Germany invaded Denmark and Norway in Operation Weserübung. The Allied Supreme war Council met in London to plan countermoves. Japanese planes bombed China near Hong Kong.

Politics and government
Vidkun Quisling seized power in Norway, with himself as Prime Minister, in a Nazi-backed coup d'état.

C. D. Howe was appointed the first Minister of Munitions and Supply in the Canadian government of Prime Minister Mackenzie King.

Supporters of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt won the Illinois Democratic Party primary for the 1940 nomination for President of the United States. New York City District Attorney Thomas Dewey won the Republican Party presidential primaries in Illinois and Nebraska.

Technology
Bell Laboratories staged the first public demonstration of stereophonic sound at Carnegie Hall in New York.

Education
New York Governor Herbert Lehman signed the McLaughlin bill, permitting public school children to be absent for religious observance and education.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
New York Rangers 0 @ Toronto 3 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

70 years ago
1945


Hit parade
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 My Dreams are Getting Better All the Time--Les Brown and his Orchestra (2nd week at #1)
--Phil Moore Four
--Johnny Long and his Orchestra and Dick Robertson
2 Rum and Coca-Cola--The Andrews Sisters
--Abe Lyman and his Orchestra
--Vaughn Monroe and his Orchestra
3 Candy--Johnny Mercer, Jo Stafford and the Pied Pipers
--Dinah Shore
4 Ac-Cent-Tchu-Ate the Positive--Johnny Mercer and the Pied Pipers
--Artie Shaw and his Orchestra
--Bing Crosby and the Andrews Sisters
5 Dream--The Pied Pipers
--Freddy Martin and his Orchestra
6 I'm Beginning to See the Light--Harry James and his Orchestra
--Duke Ellington and his Famous Orchestra
7 A Little on the Lonely Side--Frankie Carle and his Orchestra
--Guy Lombardo and his Royal Canadians
8 More and More--Tommy Dorsey and his Orchestra
--Perry Como
9 Saturday Night (Is the Loneliest Night in the Week)--Frank Sinatra
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra
10 Just a Prayer Away--Bing Crosby
--Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra

The only single entering the chart was All of My Life, with versions by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra and Bing Crosby (#24). The version by Sammy Kaye and his "Swing and Sway" Orchestra was the B-side of Just a Prayer Away.

On the radio
The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on MBS
Tonight's episode: The Viennese Strangler

Died on this date
Wilhelm Canaris, 58
. German military officer. Admiral Canaris was chief of the Abwehr--the German military intelligence service--from 1935-1944. He was convicted of high treason and hanged in Flossenburg concentration camp.

Hans Oster, 57. German military officer. General Oster was deputy chief of the Abwehr and a leading figure of the German anti-Nazi resistance from 1938-1943. He was convicted of high treason and hanged in Flossenburg concentration camp.

Karl Sack, 48. German jurist. Mr. Sack was Judge Advocate General of the Wehrmacht until he was arrested as one of the conspirators in the July 1944 assassination plot against Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. He was convicted of high treason and hanged in Flossenburg concentration camp.

Hans von Dohnányi, 43. German jurist. Dr. Dohnányi was an adviser in the Reich Ministry of Justice who joined the anti-Nazi resistance in the mid-1930s. He was executed by hanging with piano wire in Sachsenhausen concentration camp for his participation in February 1943 and July 1944 assassination plots against Fuehrer Adolf Hitler.

Georg Elser, 42. German carpenter. Mr. Elser was a cabinet maker who was imprisoned after an assassination attempt on German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler and other Nazi leaders in Munich on November 8, 1939. He was executed by shooting in Dachau concentration camp.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer, 39. German pastor and theologian. Dr. Bonhoeffer was a Lutheran pastor who was known for books such as The Cost of Discipleship (originally published in 1937 as Nachfolge (Discipleship)) and for his opposition to the Nazi regime in Germany, and was one of the founders of the Confessing Church. He was arrested and imprisoned in 1943, and was sentenced to death for his connection to the July 1944 assassination plot against German Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. Dr. Bonhoeffer was hanged in Flossenburg concentration camp.

War
Canadian troops trapped the remaining German armies in Meppel, Netherlands, cutting off all land escape routes. The German pocket battleship Admiral Scheer was capsized by the British Royal Air Force in a raid on the harbour in Kiel. Soviet forces captured the heart of Vienna and began a quick mop-up campaign. The Battle of Königsberg in East Prussia ended as Soviet forces of the 1st Baltic Front and the 3rd Belorussian Front captured the Russian city of Königsberg. U.S. troops in the Philippines janded at Jolo in the Sulu Archipelago. All Japanese escape routes on the Bicol Peninsula of southern Luzon were cut.

Diplomacy
The United States resumed diplomatic relations with Argentina; Spruille Braden was named U.S. Ambassador to Argentina.

Politics and government
Shigenori Togo was installed as Foreign Minister and Kiichiro Hiranuma as President of the Privy Council in the new Japanese cabinet.

Energy
The United States Atomic Energy Commission was formed.

Law
Jurists from 38 countries assembled in Washington to draft a statute for the proposed International Court of Justice.

Environment
A world committee to promote forest conservation and replenishment was formed in London by representatives of 18 countries.

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mr Sandman--The Four Aces; The Chordettes (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K. (Record Mirror): Give Me Your Word--Tennessee Ernie Ford (7th week at #1)

#1 singles in the U.S.A. (Billboard): The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes (Best Seller--3rd week at #1); Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters (Disc Jockey--9th week at #1; Jukebox--6th week at #1)

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 The Ballad of Davy Crockett--Bill Hayes (3rd week at #1)
2 The Crazy Otto--Johnny Maddox and the Rhythmasters
3 Tweedlee Dee--Georgia Gibbs
--LaVern Baker and the Gliders
4 Melody of Love--Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra
--David Carroll and his Orchestra
--The Four Aces
5 Dance with Me Henry (Wallflower)--Georgia Gibbs
6 Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White--Perez Prado and his Orchestra
7 Sincerely--The McGuire Sisters
8 How Important Can it Be?--Joni James
--Sarah Vaughan
9 Ko Ko Mo (I Love You So)--Perry Como
--The Crew-Cuts
10 Play Me Hearts and Flowers (I Wanna Cry)--Johnny Desmond

Singles entering the chart were Unchained Melody, with versions by Les Baxter and his Orchestra and Al Hibbler (#19); Silver Moon by Billy Vaughn and his Orchestra (#24); Door of Dreams by Perry Como (#35); Just One More Time (#37)/Take My Love (#49) by Eddie Fisher; Keep Me in Mind by Patti Page (#38); Honey-Babe, with versions by Art Mooney and his Orchestra and the Sauter-Finegan Orchestra (#40); A Present for Bob by the DeJohn Sisters (#46); Foolishly Yours, with versions by Doris Day and Kay Starr (#48); and Lonely Lips by the Chordettes (#50). Unchained Melody was originally from the movie Unchained (1955).

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Detroit 3 @ Montreal 5 (Best-of-seven series tied 2-2)

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Fort Wayne 104 @ Syracuse 109 (Best-of-seven series tied 3-3)

The Nationals came back from a 10-point deficit to defeat the Pistons at Onondaga County War Memorial. Fort Wayne's George Yardley led all scorers with 31 points.

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
Edmonton's top 10 (CJCA)
1 Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits (2nd week at #1)
2 I Know a Place--Petula Clark
3 The Birds and the Bees--Jewel Akens
4 I'm Tellin' You Now--Freddie & the Dreamers
5 Do You Wanna Dance?--The Beach Boys
6 I'll Never Find Another You--The Seekers
7 Can't You Hear My Heartbeat--Herman's Hermits
8 Silhouettes--Herman's Hermits
9 Game of Love--Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
10 Stop! In the Name of Love--The Supremes
Pick hit of the week: She's Comin' Home--The Zombies
New this week: Concrete and Clay--Unit Four Plus Two
I'll Cry Alone--Gale Garnett
...And Roses and Roses--Andy Williams
Running Bear '65--Johnny Preston
Iko Iko--The Dixie Cups
Reelin' and Rockin'--The Dave Clark Five

Music
The single Ticket to Ride/Yes it Is by the Beatles was released on Parlophone Records in the U.K. It was released 10 days later on Capitol Records in North America.

Americana
U.S. President Lyndon Johnson inaugurated the U.S. National Council on the Arts.

Baseball
The first indoor baseball game between major league teams was played when the Houston Astros edged the New York Yankees 2-1 at the Astrodome in an exhibition game. Mickey Mantle of the Yankees hit the first indoor home run, though it did not count in the records.

The Milwaukee Braves, destined to move to Atlanta the following year, defeated the Detroit Tigers 6-3 in the first of a series of three exhibition games at Atlanta Stadium, just hours after construction on the stadium had been completed. Tommie Aaron of the Braves hit the new stadium's first home run. The Braves also won the other games in the series, drawing a total of 106,000 fans for the three games.

40 years ago
1975


World events
Eight people in South Korea who had been involved in the People's Revolutionary Party Incident were hanged.

Politics and government
Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and provincial premiers started a two-day meeting in Ottawa.

Boxing
Larry Holmes (12-0) scored a technical knockout over Oliver Wright (12-9) in the 3rd round of a heavyweight bout at Honolulu International Center.

Hockey
WHA
Avco World Trophy
Quarter-Finals
Minnesota 6 @ New England 5 (Minnesota led best-of-seven series 1-0)
Toronto 3 @ San Diego 5 (San Diego led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Wayne Connelly scored 2 goals, including the eventual winner with 8:05 remaining in regulation time, as the Fighting Saints held on to defeat the Whalers before 9,722 fans at Hartford Civic Center. Larry Pleau scored 2 goals for New England, and John French scored with 36 seconds remaining in regulation time to draw the Whalers within a goal.

The Mariners were trailing the Toros 3-1 in the 2nd period when Ray Adduono scored twice to tie the score, and Wayne Rivers scored with 13:47 remaining in the 3rd period and assisted on a goal by Andre Lacroix with 40 seconds remaining to lift the Mariners over the Toros before 8,890 fans at San Diego Sports Arena.

Basketball
PBA
The first game of the Philippine Basketball Association was played between Mariwasa-Noritake and Concepcion Carrier at Araneta Coliseum in Quezon City.

NBA
Conference Semi-Finals
Kansas City-Omaha 89 @ Chicago 95 (Chicago led best-of-seven series 1-0)

Bob Love scored 38 points to lead the Bulls to their first win ever in the opening game of a playoff series, before 15,433 fans at Chicago Stadium. The Chicago defense held Kansas City-Omaha star Nate Archibald to 12 points.

ABA
Playoffs
First Round
St. Louis 115 @ New York 97 (Best-of-seven series tied 1-1)
Denver 108 @ Utah 122 (Denver led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Marvin Barnes scored 37 points and grabbed 17 rebounds to lead the Spirits over the Nets before 10,621 fans at Nassau Veterans Memorial Coliseum in Uniondale. New York's Julius Erving scored only 6 points and missed all 6 of his free throws.

Moses Malone scored 30 points and grabbed 32 rebounds to lead the Stars over the Nuggets before 5,694 fans at the Salt Palace in Salt Lake City.

Baseball
The Chicago White Sox scored 3 runs in each of the 8th and 9th innings as they overcame a 5-1 deficit to defeat the Oakland Athletics 7-5 before 4,543 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum. Chicago first baseman Carlos May batted 4 for 5 with a double and 2 runs batted in. Jim Kaat pitched a complete game victory despite allowing a grand slam to Oakland catcher Gene Tenace in the 3rd inning.

Ken Griffey tripled and scored on a single by Darrel Chaney, and then Mr. Chaney scored on an infield single by pinch hitter Dave Concepcion as the Cincinnati Reds scored 2 runs off Mike Marshall in the bottom of the 9th inning to defeat the Los Angeles Dodgers 4-3 before 15,554 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.

The Houston Astros scored 6 runs in the 4th inning and 8 in the 7th as they routed the Atlanta Braves 14-2 before 13,257 fans at the Astrodome. Winning pitcher J.R. Richard doubled home 2 runs in the 4th, but injured a toe in a play at first base in the 5th inning and was forced to leave the game with 2 out in the inning, 1 out short of the required 5 innings for a starting pitcher to get the win. He was relieved by Dave Roberts, who pitched 4 1/3 innings for the win.

Bob Forsch pitched a 2-hitter and faced the minimum 27 batters, while also singling and scoring a run as the St. Louis Cardinals blanked the Montreal Expos 4-0 before 7,469 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.

25 years ago
1990


Politics and government
The government of Canada signed a final land claim agreement in Yellowknife with 15,000 Dene-Metis of the Mackenzie Valley. They were awarded surface title to 181,230 square kilometres of land, mineral rights to 10,000 square kilometres, and $500 million cash over 20 years.

Angus Reid released a poll showing the federal Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Brian Mulroney's support at only 15% of decided voters, a historic low for a governing party. The Liberals had 53%; New Democratic Party 23%; Reform 6% (30% in Alberta); and 29% undecided.

Jean-Francois Lisée published Dans l'oeil de l'aigle, claiming that then-Premier René Levesque regularly gave the U.S. an advance look at sensitive legislation before showing it to the Parti Quebecois Cabinet.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Scatman (Ski-Ba-Bop-Ba-Dop-Bop)--Scatman John

#1 single in Switzerland: Conquest of Paradise--Vangelis (6th week at #1)

Terrorism
Hamas and Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility when two suicide bombers killed themselves, seven Israeli soldiers, and a Jewish student who was also an American citizen when they detonated bombs in the Gaza Strip. At least 45 people, mostly Israeli soldiers, were wounded.

Golf
Ben Crenshaw shot a 68 on the final round to finish with a 14-under-par score of 274 in winning the Masters in Augusta, Georgia, finishing 1 stroke ahead of Davis Love III.

Basketball
NBA
Cleveland 79 Chicago 78

10 years ago
2005


Died on this date
Andrea Dworkin, 58
. U.S. activist and author. Ms. Dworkin was a feminist who was known for her opposition to pornography. Her books included Pornography: Men Possessing Women (1981) and Intercourse (1987).

Married on this date
Prince Charles married his longtime lover Camilla Parker Bowles, who took the title Duchess of Cornwall, in a civil ceremony at Windsor's Guildhall in London, followed by a ceremony of blessing by the Archbishop of Canterbury at Windsor Castle.

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