500 years ago
Married on this date
Mary Tudor, Queen of France and Charles Brandon, 1st Duke of Suffolk were officially married in Greenwich, England.
150 years ago
In far south Texas, more than a month after Confederate General Robert E. Lee's surrender, the Battle of Palmito Ranch, the last land battle of the U.S. Civil War, ended with a Confederate victory.
80 years ago
Werewolf of London, starring Henry Hull, Warner Oland, and Valerie Hobson, opened in theatres.
75 years ago
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands fled to London along with Princess Juliana and her two children after the German invasion of the Netherlands. The royal family lodged in Buckingham Palace; Princess Juliana subsequently took her children to Canada for their safety. German panzer divisions led by Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and General Heinz Guderian crossed the Meuse River in force near Dinant and Sedan. Allied forces successfully landed near Narvik, Norway. China claimed, but Japan denied, a major victory on the Hupeh-Honan frontier.
Politics and government
Winston Churchill gave his first speech as British Prime Minister, which included the words: "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat."
The United Kingdom and the Netherlands assured Japan that they had no intention of altering the status of the Netherlands East Indies.
Uruguay proposed that all American republics join in a strong protest against German aggression in Europe.
In an address to the American Society of Intenational Law in Washington, U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull said that U.S. isolation was futile.
Economics and finance
Brazil subscribed to the Inter-American Bank.
The Bank of International Settlements relocated from Basel, Switzerland to the interior Swiss town of Chateau d'Oex.
U.S. Representative Alfred Bulwinkle (Democrat--North Carolina) introduced a proposal to provide U.S. loans to the Allies.
In making up a game from April 23 that had been called on account of darkness, the Cincinnati Reds and St. Louis Cardinals played to an 8-8 tie before 6,606 fans at Crosley Field in Cincinnati. The teams neglected to inform the National League office of the game, so no umpires were assigned. Reds’ coach Jimmy Wilson and Cardinals’ pitcher Lon Warneke served as umpires until regular umpire Larry Goetz, home in Cincinnati on a day off, arrived to officiate. Johnny Mize hit 3 home runs for the Cardinals--the third time in his career he’d accomplished the feat--while Billy Werber of the Reds had 5 hits, including 4 consecutive doubles.
70 years ago
Died on this date
Tubby Hall, 49. U.S. musician. Alfred Hall was a jazz drummer who played with numerous bands from New Orleans, including those of King Oliver, Louis Armstrong, and Johnny Dodds.
U.S. forces in the Philippines took the Maramag airfield in central Mindanao, as other units reached to within 1 mile of the Del Monte airfields.
Politics and government
Sun Pei-fong became Governor of the Japanese puppet government in Manchukuo as Japan shook up the government because of reputed Communist threats.
Queen Wilhelmina arrived home in the Netherlands after five years of exile in England during World War II.
Crown Prince Olaf of Norway returned to Oslo and said that the Norwegian high court would demand the death sentence for all traitors.
Congress of Industrial Organizations President William Murray urged an immediate wage increase of 17c per hour for steel and other industrial workers.
60 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Stranger in Paradise--Tony Bennett
Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees hit three home runs in a game for the only time in his major league career, connecting for two clouts off righthander Steve Gromek and one against lefthander Bob Miller in a 5-2 victory over the Detroit Tigers before 7,177 fans at Yankee Stadium.
50 years ago
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): King of the Road--Roger Miller
Died on this date
Dick Wantz, 25. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Wantz was a rookie with the Los Angeles Angels who made his major league debut on April 13, 1965 by pitching the 8th inning of the Angels' 7-1 loss to the Cleveland Indians at Dodger Stadium in Los Angeles. He allowed 3 hits and 2 runs--both earned--in 1 inning. Afterward, Mr. Wantz complained of severe headaches, and was found to have a brain tumour. He died exactly a month after his only major league appearance. Oddly, the last batter he faced, Dick Howser, died of a brain tumour while managing the Kansas City Royals in 1987.
Sonny Banks, 24. U.S. boxer. Lucien Banks was a heavyweight who was best known for being the first fighter to knock down future world champion Cassius Clay (Muhammad Ali), although Mr. Clay came back to knock out Mr. Banks in the 4th round of their 1962 bout. Mr. Banks died three days after being knocked out in the 9th round of a fight against Leotis Martin in Philadelphia.
40 years ago
Died on this date
Bob Wills, 70. U.S. musician. Mr. Wills was known as the King of Western Swing, leading the band Bob Wills and his Texas Playboys from the 1930s to the 1960s. While recording an album with Merle Haggard in 1973, Mr. Wills suffered two strokes, the second of which left him comatose until his death. Mr. Wills was inducted into the Country Music Hall of Fame in 1968.
New York Islanders 1 @ Philadelphia 4 (Philadelphia won best-of-seven series 4-3)
Kate Smith appeared in person to sing God Bless America before the game, and Gary Dornhoefer scored just 19 seconds into the game as the Flyers built a 3-1 1st-period lead and coasted to victory over the Islanders before 17,007 fans at the Spectrum. Rick MacLeish scored a powerplay goal to give Philadelphia a 2-0 lead at 2:27 of the 1st period, before Jude Drouin responded with a goal for New York at 5:02. Mr. MacLeish scored again at 7:11 to make it 3-1, and there was no further scoring until Mr. MacLeish scored his third of the game into an empty net with 1:08 remaining in regulation time. Philadelphia goalie Bernie Parent faced just 15 shots, while New York goalie Glenn Resch made 31 saves. The loss ended a magnificent playoff run for the Islanders, who set a Stanley Cup record that still stands by averting elimination eight times before finally succumbing.
Indiana 94 @ Kentucky 120 (Kentucky led best-of-seven series 1-0)
The Colonels outscored the Pacers 37-21 in the 4th quarter as they won the opening game of the series before 14,368 fans at Freedom Hall in Louisville. Artis Gilmore led Kentucky with 26 points, whil Louie Dampier added 22 and Marv Roberts 19. George McGinnis of Indiana led all scorers with 35 points.
Nolan Ryan pitched a 2-hit shutout and struck out 7 as the California Angels blanked the New York Yankees 5-0 before 17,598 fans at Anaheim Stadium. Losing pitcher George Medich allowed 9 hits and 3 runs--all earned--in 6 2/3 innings.
The Kansas City Royals built a 7-1 lead, but barely withstood a 4-run 9th-inning rally as they hung on to edge the Detroit Tigers 8-7 before 8,370 fans at Tiger Stadium. Pinch hitter Danny Meyer hit a 3-run home run in the bottom of the 9th to draw Detroit to within a run.
Jerry Reuss pitched a 3-hit shutout, struck out 12, and singled and scored a run as the Pittsburgh Pirates blanked the San Diego Padres 2-0 before 5,482 fans at Three Rivers Stadium in Pittsburgh.
Burt Hooton pitched a 2-hit shutout for his first win since being acquired from the Chicago Cubs, and added a single and double as he led the Los Angeles Dodgers to a 5-0 win over the St. Louis Cardinals before 18,519 fans at Busch Memorial Stadium in St. Louis.
The Villahermosa Cardinals of the Mexican League, fourth and last in the Southeastern Division with a record of 22-34, fired manager Frank Herrera and replaced him with veteran pitcher Pedro Ramos, who had recently been acquired from the Mexico City Reds.
30 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): We are the World--USA for Africa (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Akai Tori Nigeta--Akina Nakamori
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Ni Tú, Ni Nadie--Alaska y Dinarama
Died on this date
Leatrice Joy, 91. U.S. actress. Miss Joy, born Leatrice Johanna Zeidler, starred in numerous silent films from 1916 through the late 1920s, but had trouble making the transition to sound films, and soon retired.
Selma Diamond, 64. Canadian-born U.S. actress. Miss Diamond, a native of London, Ontario, acted in and wrote for various radio and television programs, but was best known for playing bailiff Selma Hacker in the televison situation comedy series Night Court (1984-1985). She was a heavy smoker who died of lung cancer.
Police in Philadelphia released a bomb on the Negro liberation group MOVE headquarters to end a stand-off, killing 11 MOVE members--including founder John Africa--and destroying 65 neighbouring homes, housing about 250 city residents.
Don Mattingly’s 3-run home run off Ron Davis with 2 out in the bottom of the 9th inning climaxed an amazing comeback and gave the New York Yankees a 9-8 win over the Minnesota Twins before 15,136 fans at Yankee Stadium. The Twins had led 8-0 after 2 innings.
Tony Perez came to bat as a pinch hitter in the bottom of the 7th inning and hit a grand slam to lead the Cincinnati Reds to a 7-3 win over the Philadelphia Phillies before 12,068 fans at Riverfront Stadium in Cincinnati.
25 years ago
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Walk on the Wild Side--Jamie J. Morgan
#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Ding Dong--Erste Allgemeine Verunsicherung (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Switzerland: The Power (Snap! song)--Snap! (2nd week at #1)
Two U.S. airmen were shot to death near Clark Air Force Base in the Philippines, the day before negotiations between the United States and the Philippines on the future of U.S. bases on the islands were to begin in Manila. Many Filipinos wanted the U.S. to close the bases.
20 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Back for Good--Take That (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Sarajevo's børn - Gi dem et håb--Various artists (7th week at #1)
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Think Twice--Celine Dion (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Key to My Life--Boyzone (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan (5th week at #1)
U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Know--Dionne Farris (5th week at #1)
2 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan
3 Freak Like Me--Adina Howard
4 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
5 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
6 Red Light Special--TLC
7 Run Away--Real McCoy
8 Candy Rain--Soul for Real
9 Hold On--Jamie Walters
10 Big Poppa/Warning--Notorious B.I.G.
Singles entering the chart were Baby Baby by Corona (#77) and Sick of Myself by Matthew Sweet (#89).
Alison Hargreaves, a 33-year-old British mother of two, became the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest without oxygen or the help of sherpas.
Chicago 3 Toronto 1
10 years ago
Died on this date
Eddie Barclay, 84. French musician and record producer. Mr. Barclay, born Edouard Ruault, was a jazz pianist in Paris nightclubs before founding Barclay Records, on which label he produced recordings by artists such as Charles Aznavour and Jacques Brel. He also composed film scores, including Bob le flambeur (1955). Mr. Barclay was married nine times.
Michael Ross, 45. U.S. criminal. Mr. Ross, known as the Roadside Strangler, murdered eight girls and women aged between 14 and 25 in Connecticut and New York from 1981-1985. He was executed by lethal injection at Osborn Correctional Institution in Somers, Connecticut, becoming the first person executed in New England since 1960.
Uzbek Interior Ministry (MVD) and National Security Service (SNB) troops fired into a crowd of protesters in Andijan in Uzbekistan, with deaths estimated from 200-1,500.
The Bính Bridge opened to traffic in Hai Phong, Vietnam.
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
6 hours ago