Born on this date
Happy Birthday, Cathy Brown!
250 years ago
Politics and government
Patrick Henry presented a series of resolutions—the Stamp Act Resolves—in the Virginia House of Burgesses, which opposed Britain's Stamp Act.
225 years ago
Rhode Island entered the union as the 13th state, the last of the original colonies to ratify the Constitution.
200 years ago
Economics and finance
The British government opened Canadian commerce to U.S. citizens, several months after the end of the War of 1812.
80 years ago
Died on this date
Josef Suk, 61. Czech composer. Mr. Suk, one of the leading figures among Czech modernist composers, was known for his chamber works.
The German Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighter airplane made its first flight.
75 years ago
The Canadian Parliament passed the $700-million War Appropriations Act, authorizing two more Army divisions. The bill quickly received royal assent. French warships arrived at Dunkirk and helped evacuate 47,310 Allied soldiers. German forces occupied the continental coast except for 54 miles north and south of Dunkirk.
Shao Li-tsi, the new Chinese Ambassador to the U.S.S.R., left Chungking for Moscow.
The U.S. fighter aircraft Vought F4U Corsair, with Lyman Bullard at the controls, made its first flight; a hurried landing was made when the elevator trim tabs failed because of flutter.
Economics and finance
U.S. Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau named Donald Nelson as director of the Treasury's Procurement Division.
The National Association of Manufacturers' board of directors announced that its members would meet defense production requirements without profiteering.
70 years ago
Commander of the Japanese Fleet Admiral Soemu Toyada was replaced by Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa. The U.S. Army Air Forces Consolidated B-32 Dominator heavy bomber flew its first combat mission, against a supply depot at Antatet in the Philippines.
At the United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco, the Big Five--U.S.A., U.S.S.R., U.K., China, France--agreed that when the question of using a country's force against an aggressor arose, that country would have a vote on the issue.
U.K. Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden told the House of Commons that Britain was greatly concerned over the fighting in the Levant between French forces and those of Syria and Lebanon because it was "liable to affect our lines of communications with the Far East."
The United States government sued in U.S. federal court in Los Angeles to determine whether it or California owned petroleum deposits beyond the low waterline and the three-mile limit.
50 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France: La Nuit--Salvatore Adamo (8th week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Un anno d'amore--Mina (9th week at #1)
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): The Last Time--The Rolling Stones (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Ticket to Ride--The Beatles (4th week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Long Live Love--Sandie Shaw
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Ticket to Ride--The Beatles
2 Help Me, Rhonda--The Beach Boys
3 Back in My Arms Again--The Supremes
4 Mrs. Brown You've Got a Lovely Daughter--Herman's Hermits
5 Wooly Bully--Sam the Sham and the Pharaohs
6 Crying in the Chapel--Elvis Presley
7 Count Me In--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
8 Silhouettes--Herman's Hermits
9 Just a Little--The Beau Brummels
10 Just Once in My Life--The Righteous Brothers
Singles entering the chart were Summer Sounds by Robert Goulet (#79); Temptation 'Bout to Get Me by the Knight Brothers (#81); What's He Doing in My World by Eddy Arnold (#82); Bring a Little Sunshine (To My Heart) by Vic Dana (#83); You Really Know How to Hurt a Guy by Jan & Dean (#86); Tell Her (You Love Her Every Day) by Frank Sinatra (#87); Give Us Your Blessings by the Shangri-Las (#88); Cara, Mia by Jay & the Americans (#89); Tonight's the Night by Solomon Burke (#94); Boot-Leg by Booker T. and the MG's (#95); Seventh Son by Johnny Rivers (#96); Is This What I Get for Loving You? by the Ronettes (#97); Take the Time by Johnny Mathis (#98); and Girl on the Billboard by Del Reeves (#99).
At Cape Kennedy, Florida, the United States launched Interplanetary Monitoring Platform-C (IMP-C), the third of seven designed to look for radiation storms in space.
40 years ago
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Stand By Your Man--Tammy Wynette
Track and field
A group of travelling Finnish athletes took part in an NCAA Prep meet at Hayward Field on the campus of the University of Oregon in Eugene. The meet included a men's 5,000-metre run, which was won by Steve Prefontaine of the University of Oregon. The Finnish and American athletes attended a party that night, and Mr. Prefontaine was killed in a car accident while driving home early the next day.
The Baltimore Orioles traded relief pitcher Bob Reynolds to the Detroit Tigers for pitcher Fred Holdsworth, who was currently with the Evansville Triplets of the AAA American Association. Mr. Reynolds had had good seasons with the Orioles in 1973 and 1974, but in 1975 had pitched in just 7 games, with a record of 0-1 and an earned run average of 9.00 in 6 innings. He had recently voiced dissatisfaction with his lack of game action and had taken to warming up in the bullpen on his own initiative during games, to the displeasure of Baltimore manager Earl Waever. Mr. Holdsworth was 2-4 with an ERA of 4.30 in 7 games--all starts--with Evansville in 1975; he was assigned to the Rochester Red Wings of the AAA International League.
The New York Mets signed pitcher Gary Gentry, recently released by the Atlanta Braves. Mr. Gentry had pitched with the Mets from 1969-1972, and was a member of their World Series championship team in 1969. He was assigned to the Jackson Mets of the AA Texas League.
Elliott Maddox batted 4 for 5 with a double, triple, run, and 4 runs batted in to lead the New York Yankees to a 7-5 win over the Texas Rangers before 12,827 fans at Arlington Stadium. Mr. Maddox's double drove in Sandy Alomar and Bobby Bonds in the top of the 9th inning to break a 5-5 tie.
30 years ago
One-legged runner Steve Fonyo arrived in Victoria to complete a 1,400-mile run across Canada to raise money for cancer research, finishing the run that Terry Fox had begun in 1980, but was unable to complete because of the cancer that took his life.
British hooligans rooting for the Liverpool soccer club stormed a section of stands filled with fans of the Juventus team from Turin, Italy, during the European Cup final at Heysel Stadium in Brussels. A concrete retaining wall collapsed and 39 people were crushed or trampled to death--32 of them Italians--and more than 400 were injured. It was the worst sports riot on record.
25 years ago
Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev began two days of meetings in Ottawa with Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney.
Politics and government
Boris Yeltsin was elected President of the Russian Republic, largest and most important of the 15 Soviet republics, by the Duma on the third ballot. Mr. Yeltsin was an advocate of radical reforms and had called for economic and political sovereignty for Russia and for the U.S.S.R. to be turned into a loose confederation of republics.
In a free vote, new abortion legislation passed in Canada’s House of Commons by a vote of 140-131. The bill would permit abortions providing that a single doctor believed that the physical, mental, or psychological health of the mother was threatened by continuation of the pregnancy. It also provided for a two-year prison term for doctors who ignored the law or women who lied about their health. The compromise legislation was attacked by groups on both sides of the issue. Several groups said that they would challenge the constitutional validity of the bill if it was passed by the Senate and became law.
The New York Mets, with a record of 20-22, fired manager Davey Johnson, who was in his sixth season managing the team. Mr. Johnson had managed the Mets to a World Series win in 1986, and had a winning percentage with the Mets of .593. He was replaced by Bud Harrelson.
In a 2-1 loss to the Toronto Blue Jays before 25,255 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum, Rickey Henderson of the Oakland Athletics stole the 893rd base of his major league career, moving into second place on the list past Ty Cobb and behind Lou Brock. Mr. Henderson scored the only Oakland run with 1 out in the bottom of the 9th inning when he tripled and scored on a single by Carney Lansford.
20 years ago
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Scream/Childhood--Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
2 No More "I Love You's"--Annie Lennox
3 Lightning Crashes--Live
4 Can't Stop Lovin' You--Van Halen
5 Believe--Elton John
6 Let Her Cry--Hootie & the Blowfish
7 I Know--Dionne Farris
8 It's Good to Be King--Tom Petty
10 Wonderdrug--Jann Arden
Singles entering the chart were I Believe by Rhymes with Orange (#83); Somebody's Crying by Chris Isaak (#89); River of Deceit by Mad Season (#92); My Love is for Real by Paula Abdul (#94); and Can't Cry Anymore by Sheryl Crow (#95).
A scientific panel's report on Clayoquot Sound offered more than 100 recommendations for logging in the area on the west coast of Vancouver Island.
Eastern Conference Finals
Indiana 94 Orlando 93
10 years ago
Died on this date
George Rochberg, 86. U.S. composer. Mr. Rochberg wrote six symphonies, but is perhaps best known for his seven string quartets.
John D'Amico, 67. Canadian hockey official. Mr. D'Amico was an official in the National Hockey League from 1964-1987. He began as a referee, but after 19 games, became a linesman for the remaining 1,750 regular season games of his career. Mr. D'Amico served as a supervisor of officials after his on-ice career ended. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1993. Mr. D'Amico died after a long battle with leukemia.
Politics and government
French voters soundly rejected the European Union's proposed constitution.
Dan Wheldon won the Indianapolis 500. Danica Patrick, a rookie, started and finished 4th, the best showing ever in the race by a female driver.
Images of snowshoes now on Flickr - Snowshoes distribute a person’s weight over snow, enabling one to walk without sinking too deeply. Traditional snowshoes are made with wooden frames and le...
1 hour ago