Tuesday, 19 May 2015

May 20, 2015

140 years ago
1875


Diplomacy
17 nations signed the Metre Convention in Paris, leading to the establishment of the International System of Units.

100 years ago
1915


Born on this date
Moshe Dayan
. Israeli military officer and politician. Mr. Dayan served in the Jewish defence force Haganah and served in the military from 1932-1974, rising to the rank of Lieutenant General. He was Chief of General Staff from 1953-1958 before entering politics, serving as Minister of Agriculture from 1959-1964 and Minister of Defense from 1967-1974. He took the latter position just in time for the Six-Day War against Egypt, and became famous for the capture by Israeli forces of East Jerusalem. When Egypt and Syria attacked Israel in October 1973 to begin the Yom Kippur War, Mr. Dayan was criticized for lack of preparedness during the early days of the war, leading to his resignation the following year. Mr. Dayan returned to politics as Foreign Minister from 1977-1979, and helped to draw up the Camp David Accords with Egypt. Mr. Dayan died on October 16, 1981 at the age of 66.

90 years ago
1925


Died on this date
Joseph Howard, 62
. Prime Minister of Malta, 1921-1923. Mr. Howard, the leader of the Political Union party, was Malta's first Prime Minister.

75 years ago
1940


Died on this date
Verner von Heidenstam, 80
. Swedish author and poet. Mr. Heidenstam was awarded the 1916 Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of his significance as the leading representative of a new era in our literature."

Abominations
The first prisoners arrived at a new Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz in Poland.

War
Canadian Prime Minister Mackenzie King reported the acceleration of Canadian troop shipments to Britain. German forces in France advanced south and west, seizing Laon and Amiens; advance units reached Abbeville.

Diplomacy
Rumours in Chungking indicated that Germany had offered to mediate the Sino-Japanese War.

Defense
General Auguste Nogues, supreme commander of French defense forces in north Africa, ordered the creation of a territorial guard to help protect the interior of Morocco for the war's duration.

Carl Beck organized the American Defenders of Freedom to promote an adequate defense posture in the United States.

U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt asked Congress for $135 million to purchase strategic materials such as manganese, tin, and chrome.

Economics and finance
U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt said in Washington that only liberal trade policies after the war would bring world peace and prosperity.

The regulatory properties of the Bituminous Coal Act were declared constitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court.

William McC. Martin was reappointed governor of the New York Stock Exchange for one year.

Sport
U.S. sportswriter Grantland Rice received the Sportsmanship Brotherhood Award in recognition of his service to sports.

Baseball
The Philadelphia Phillies, down 7-1, scored 7 runs in the 9th inning to edge the Pittsburgh Pirates 8-7 before 1,000 fans at Shibe Park in Philadelphia. Morrie Arnovich singled in his first time at bat in the inning, and then drew a base on balls with the bases loaded to force in the winning run.

Mike "Pinky" Higgins hit 2 home runs off Lefty Grove and another off Jack Wilson to lead the Detroit Tigers to a 10-7 win over the Boston Red Sox before 7,931 fans at Briggs Stadium in Detroit. Jimmie Foxx hit a grand slam in the 5th inning for his 10th home run of the season for Boston, and Mr. Grove homered in the 2nd.

Al Smith pitched a 3-hitter and Jeff Heath hit 2 home runs as the Cleveland Indians beat the New York Yankees 10-2 before 7,000 fans at League Park in Cleveland to drop the Yankees into last place in the American League.

70 years ago
1945


War
Yugolsavian troops withdrew from Carinthia, Austria, while at the same time, local committees of national liberation were established. Edward Leo Delaney, an American who had made radio broadcasts from Berlin for the Nazis, was captured in Prague after being indicted by the U.S. for high treason.

Diplomacy
The Big Five--U.S.A.; U.K.; U.S.S.R.; France; and China--agreed on the rights of regional groups within the context of the new world security organization. The new leagu woul have paramount authority in enforcment against aggressors.

Scandal
The Chinese government announced the arrest of two officers of the Central Trust, the Chinese banking agency, on charges of speculating with gold as part of the "gold scandal."

60 years ago
1955


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (New Musical Express): Stranger in Paradise--Tony Bennett (2nd week at #1)

50 years ago
1965


Hit parade
#1 single in the U.K. (Record Retailer): Where Are You Now (My Love)--Jackie Trent

Law
U.K. Home Secretary Sir Frank Soskice announced that police were to be armed with tear gas guns and grenades to be used against armed criminals or dangerous individuals.

Disasters
PIA Flight 705, a Pakistan International Airlines Boeing 720-040B, crashed while descending to land at Cairo International Airport, killing 121 of the 127 passengers and crew.

40 years ago
1975


At the movies
The Fortune, starring Warren Beatty, Jack Nicholson, and Stockard Channing, opened in theatres.

Died on this date
Bill Lamberson, 26
. U.S. discus thrower. Mr. Lamberson, a graduate of Southwestern Missouri State University, won the National Collegiate Athletic Association College Division discus event in 1970. He was killed when he was struck by lightning during a thunderstorm in Springfield, Missouri.

Law
The Supreme Court of Canada upheld the right of citizens to challenge provincial movie censorship laws.

Oil
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau approved the 840-kilometre Inter-provincial Pipeline extension from Sarnia to Montreal.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Philadelphia 4 @ Buffalo 5 (OT) (Philadelphia led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Rene Robert scored with 1:31 remaining in the 1st overtime period to give the Sabres their win over the Flyers before 15,863 fans at War Memorial Auditorium in one of this blogger's favourite games ever, if just for weirdness. The game began with a bat flying around in the arena, which was finally killed by a blow from the stick of Buffalo forward Jim Lorentz. The temperature outside in Buffalo was 86 F., and the conditions inside caused fog to develop as the game went along, necessitating seven interruptions in overtime for players from both teams to skate around in an attempt to dissipate the fog. Philadelphia goalie Bernie Parent said that he never saw the shot from Mr. Robert that beat him for the winning goal. The Flyers got off to a fast start as Gary Dornhoefer opened the scoring 39 seconds into the game and Don Saleski scored at 3:09 of the 1st period to make it 2-0. The Sabres replied with 2 goals 17 seconds apart, Danny Gare at 11:46 and Rick Martin at 12:03. Bill Barber restored Philadelphia's lead at 14:13, and the Flyers led 3-2 after the 1st period despite being outshot 18-6. Buffalo coach Floyd Smith removed goalie Gerry Desjardins and replaced him with Roger Crozier to start the 2nd period. Don Luce scored for Buffalo to tie the game just 29 seconds into the period, but Reg Leach scored at 14:30 to give Philadelphia a 4-3 lead after 2 periods. Buffalo defenceman Bill Hajt scored the tying goal with 10:04 remaining in regulation time. The Sabres outshot the Flyers 46-33.

Basketball
NBA
Finals
Washington 91 @ Golden State 92 (Golden State led best-of-seven series 2-0)

Rick Barry scored 36 points, including 2 free throws with 23 seconds remaining in regulation time, as the Warriors edged the Bullets before 13,225 fans at the Cow Palace in Daly City, California. The Golden State defense prevented the Bullets from scoring in the final seconds, as Elvin Hayes' turn-away jump shot fell short. Phil Chenier led Washington with 21 points and Mike Riordan added 21. Mr. Hayes, the Bullets' leading scorer during the regular season, scored just 15 points and made only 3 of 15 field goal attempts, going 0 for 4 in the 2nd half.

Baseball
The Cleveland Indians traded veteran starting pitchers Dick Bosman and Jim Perry to the Oakland Athletics for pitcher Blue Moon Odom and $25,000. Mr. Perry had a record of 1-6 with an earned run average of 6.69 in 8 games with the Indians in 1975, and had recently been demoted to the bullpen. Mr. Bosman was 0-2 with an ERA of 4.08 in 6 games with Cleveland. Mr. Odom, who had been with the Athletics since 1964, was 0-2 with an ERA of 12.27 in 7 games with Oakland in 1975.

Bill Lee threw only 78 pitches, allowing just 2 hits, as he and the Boston Red Sox shut out the Oakland Athletics 7-0 before 17,201 fans at Fenway Park in Boston in a game that lasted just 1 hour and 51 minutes. Oakland starting pitcher Vida Blue, whose record for 1975 dropped to 8-2, allowed 8 hits and 6 runs--all earned--in 4 2/3 innings. Jim Rice and Tony Conigliaro hit home runs off Mr. Blue, and Juan Beniquez homered off relief pitcher Rollie Fingers. For Mr. Conigliaro, who also drove in a run with a single and scored 2 runs, the home run was his first at Fenway park since September 22, 1970, and was his 166th and last career major league home run.

George Scott tripled home Bobby Mitchell with the tying run and scored the winning run on a slow infield grounder by pinch hitter Mike Hegan as the Milwaukee Brewers edged the Texas Rangers 7-6 before 13,971 fans at County Stadium in Milwaukee. The Rangers had broken a 5-5 tie in the top of the 10th on a leadoff home run by Willie Davis. Mr. Scott batted 4 for 4 with a run and 4 runs batted in, while Mr. Mitchell was 4 for 5 with a double, 3 runs, and a run batted in.

Vic Correll singled in a run in the 3rd inning and hit a grand slam in the 8th as the Atlanta Braves beat the Montreal Expos 9-4 before 3,681 fans at Atlanta Stadium. Dusty Baker hit a 3-run homer for the Braves in the 1st inning off Woodie Fryman, who suffered his first loss of the season after 4 straight wins. Roric Harrison started on the mound for Atlanta and allowed 8 hits and 4 earned runs in 6 innings, but was still credited with the win.

Roger Hambright pitched a no-hitter for Juarez in a 4-0 win over the Tampico Dockworkers in a Mexican League game.

30 years ago
1985


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): We are the World--USA for Africa (7th week at #1)

#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Boy no Kisetsu--Seiko Matsuda

#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): We are the World--USA for Africa

Radio
Radio Martí, part of the Voice of America service, began broadcasting to Cuba.

Baseball
The Montreal Expos released veteran pitcher Steve Rogers, who was in his 13th season with the team, and had a 2-4 record in 1985. In 399 major league games, all with the Expos, Mr. Rogers compiled a record of 158-152. His best season was 1982, when he was 19-8 and led the National League with an earned run average of 2.40. After his release, he was signed by the California Angels, and pitched briefly with their AAA farm team, the Edmonton Trappers of the Pacific Coast League. His first home appearance with the Trappers set a team record for attendance.

In the California League, Kevin Stock and Bob Loscaizo of Modesto each hit for the cycle as their team beat Visalia 23-4.

25 years ago
1990


Hit parade
#1 single in New Zealand (RIANZ): Walk on the Wild Side--Jamie J. Morgan (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in Austria (Ö3): Ding Dong--Erste Allgemeine Verunsicherung (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Switzerland: The Power (Snap! song)--Snap! (3rd week at #1)

Terrorism
A former Israeli soldier opened fire with an automatic rifle on Palestinian worker, killing 7 and wounding at least 10. The Israeli army said that the gunman had a history of mental problems. Israeli leaders condemned the massacre, but riots broke out in the Gaza Strip and the West Bank. The Israeli army cracked down, sending in reinforcements and imposing curfews.

Politics and government
The National Salvation Front, the ruling party of Romania, won about 2/3 of the seats in both houses of parliament. President Ion Ionescu also retained office, winning about 85% of the presidential vote.

The Parti Quebecois National Council, meeting in Alma, issued a 46-page pamphlet outlining proposals on achieving Quebec independence; it discussed an army, passports, and common currency with Canada. Canadian Environment Minister Lucien Bouchard sent a telegram of support to the meeting, praising those who fought for the Yes side during the 1980 Referendum on Quebec independence. Many of his fellow Progressive Conservative caucus members were outraged, leading to his resignation from the party and the House of Commons two days later.

Hockey
NHL
Stanley Cup
Finals
Boston 2 @ Edmonton 1 (Edmonton led best-of-seven series 2-1)

Tennis
16-year-old Monica Seles defeated Steffi Graf 6-4, 6-3 at the German Open in Berlin, ending Miss Graf’s winning streak at 66 matches, eight short of the record held by Martina Navratilova.

20 years ago
1995


Hit parade
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Mouth--Merril Bainbridge

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Sarajevo's børn - Gi dem et håb--Various artists (8th week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Scatman (Ski Ba Bop Ba Dop Bop)--Scatman John

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Scatman (Ski Ba Bop Ba Dop Bop)--Scatman John

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan (6th week at #1)

U.S.A. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I Know--Dionne Farris (6th week at #1)
2 This is How We Do It--Montell Jordan
3 Water Runs Dry--Boyz II Men
4 Freak Like Me--Adina Howard
5 I Believe--Blessid Union of Souls
6 Red Light Special--TLC
7 Have You Ever Really Loved a Woman?--Bryan Adams
8 Candy Rain--Soul for Real
9 Run Away--Real McCoy
10 Dear Mama--2Pac

Singles entering the chart were My Love is for Real by Paula Abdul (#16); I Like by Kut Klose (#65); Hey Lookaway by Questionmark Asylum (#71); and Universal Heart-Beat by Juliana Hatfield (#86).

Horse racing
Timber Country, with Pat Day aboard, won the 120th running of the Preakness Stakes before 100,818 fans at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore in a time of 1:54 2/5. Oliver's Twist placed second, just 1/2 length behind and Kentucky Derby winner Thunder Gulch was third, 3/4 length behind the winner.

Soccer
English FA Cup Final @ Wembley Stadium London
Everton 1 Manchester United 0

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