Tuesday, 12 May 2015

May 10, 2015

750 years ago

Born on this date
. Emperor of Japan, 1287-1298. Fushimi succeeded to the throne upon the abdication of his first cousin Go-Uda. Fushimi abdicated in 1298 and was succeeded as Emperor by his son Go-Fushimi. Fushimi died on October 8, 1317 at the age of 52.

240 years ago

U.S. patriot leader Ethan Allen captured Fort Ticonderoga, New York from the British with his Green Mountain boys and the help of Benedict Arnold.

Politics and government
Representatives from the Thirteen Colonies began the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia.

175 years ago

World events
Upper Canadian rebel politician William Lyon Mackenzie was released from jail in Canandaigua, New York; he had been arrested for violation of U.S. neutrality regulations.

150 years ago

C.S. President Jefferson Davis was captured by Union troops near Irwinville, Georgia. In Kentucky, Union soldiers ambushed and mortally wounded Confederate raider William Quantrill, who lingered until his death on June 6.

125 years ago

Born on this date
Alfred Jodl
. German military officer. General Jodl was Chief of the Operations Staff of the Armed Forces High Command (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, or OKW), and signed the German surrender to Allied forces on May 7, 1945. He was convicted of war crimes in the Nuremberg trials and was hanged on October 16, 1946 at the age of 56.

110 years ago

King Edward VII granted Manitoba's Coat-of-Arms.

Horse racing
Agile, with J. Martin aboard, won the 31st running of the Kentucky Derby at Churchill Downs in Louisville in a time of 2:10 3/4. Ram's Horn placed second, 3 lengths behind, and Layson, the third and last horse in the race, was 20 lengths behind the winner.

75 years ago

German forces invaded the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The government of the Netherlands East Indies interned Germans and imposed martial law upon receiving news of the German invasion of the Netherlands. U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt condemned the German invasion of the Low Countries as unwarranted aggression. German fighter planes accidentally bombed the German city of Freiburg. German raids on British shipping convoys and military airfields began. In Operation Fork, British troops invaded neutral Iceland to "protect" the island.

Politics and government
Winston Churchill replaced Neville Chamberlain as Prime Minister of Great Britain.

A Gallup Poll reported that 66% of American voters would vote for a presidential candidate who would give all help necessary to the U.K. and France, except for U.S. troops.

World events
The United Kingdom announced plans to permit 1,600 Jewish refugee children to emigrate to Palestine by October 1940.

Economics and finance
The United States Senate passed and sent to the House of Representatives a bill providing that total soil conservation and allotment payments to individuals shall not exceed $10,000 annually.

70 years ago

Died on this date
Richard Glücks, 56
. German SS officer. SS-Gruppenführer Glücks was the highest-ranking Concentration Camps Inspector in Nazi Germany. he was directly responsible for the forced labour of the camp inmates, and was also the supervisor for the medical practices in the camps, ranging from human experimentation to the implementation of mass murder of inmates with Zyklon-B gas. Mr. Glücks reportedly committed suicide by swallowing a potassium cyanide capsule at the Mürwik naval base in Flensburg.

Konrad Henlein, 47. Czech SS officer. SS-Gruppenführer Henlein was a Sudeten German who joined the Nazi Party in 1939 and was named Reichsstatthalter and Gauleiter of the newly established Reichsgau Sudetenland, a position he held until the end of World War II. While in American captivity in the barracks of Plzeň, Mr. Henlein committed suicide by cutting his veins with his broken glasses, four days after his 47th birthday.

The United States War Department announced a system for determining soldier release based on a point system giving priority credit for service overseas and in combat. U.K. Prime Minister Winston Churchill told the House of Commons that conscription of men for the war against Japan must continue. U-249, the first German submarine to surrender after the Nazi capitulation, arrived at Plymouth, England under escort. The largest number of U.S. Superfortresses to date--400--was sent against Japan in a one-day strike at Kyushu, Honshu, and Shikoku.

The U.S. State Department opened travel to Bermuda under limited conditions.

Economics and finance
U.S. War Production Board Chairman Julius Krug announced the immediate revocation of 73 orders prohibiting or limiting manufacture of civilian goods.

The U.S. National War Labor Board announced a system for setting up new wage rates without the board's approval for plants shifting to consumer goods production.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Tommy Burns, 73
. Canadian boxer. Born Noah Brusso near Hanover, Ontario, Mr. Burns won a 20-round decision over Marvin Hart on February 23, 1906 to become the first Canadian to win the world heavyweight chanmpionship. He succesfully defended the title 11 times before losing a one-sided match against American Negro Jack Johnson in Sydney, Australia on December 26, 1908. Mr. Burns posted a lifetime record as a professional of 46-4-8. He became an evangelist in later years and died of a heart attack in Vancouver, B.C.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Downtown--Petula Clark

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ticket to Ride--The Beatles (3rd week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Silhouettes--Herman's Hermits
2 Concrete and Clay--Unit Four Plus Two
3 Game of Love--Wayne Fontana and the Mindbenders
4 Ticket to Ride--The Beatles
5 Walk That Walk--David Clayton-Thomas
6 It's Not Unusual--Tom Jones
7 Talk About Love--Adam Faith
8 Count Me In--Gary Lewis and the Playboys
9 Just Once in My Life--The Righteous Brothers
10 Our Love has Passed--Jack London

Singles entering the chart were Do the Freddie by Freddie and the Dreamers (#32); You were Made for Me by Freddie and the Dreamers (#35); Come Over to My Place by the Drifters (#36); Over the Rainbow by Billy Thorpe and the Aztecs (#37); In the Meantime by Georgie Fame and the Blue Flames (#38); Boo-Ga-Loo by Tom and Jerrio (#39); and Think of the Good Times by Jay & the Americans (#40).

On television tonight
The Alfred Hitchcock Hour, on NBC
Tonight's episode: Off Season, starring John Gavin, Richard Jaeckel, and Tom Drake

This was the final episode of the series, and marked the end of 10 years of Alfred Hitchcock's weekly television series. Alfred Hitchcock Presents had run as a half-hour program from 1955-1962, followed by The Alfred Hitchcock Hour.

Died on this date
Hubertus van Mook, 70
. Dutch politician. Following the Japanese conquest of Indonesia in 1942, Mr. van Mook was appointed Acting Governor-General by the Dutch East Indies government in exile near Brisbane, Australia, and held the position until 1948. He died 20 days before his 71st birthday.

The first annual banquet of the Sir Winston Churchill Society was held, with Field Marshal Lord Harding, former Chief of the Imperial General Staff (1952-1955) as guest speaker.

Leotis Martin (15-1) knocked out Sonny Banks (18-7) in the 9th round of a heavyweight bout at Philadelphia Arena. Mr. Banks was taken to hospital, where he died three days later.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Piange il telefono--Domenico Modugno (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): Love Is All--Roger Glover and Guests

#1 single in the U.K.: Oh Boy--Mud (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
2 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
3 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
4 Shining Star--Earth, Wind & Fire
5 How Long--Ace
6 Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance)--Leo Sayer
7 Before the Next Teardrop Falls--Freddy Fender
8 Walking in Rhythm--Blackbyrds
9 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
10 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas

Singles entering the chart were Swearin' to God by Frankie Valli (#82); Attitude Dancing by Carly Simon (#83); T-R-O-U-B-L-E by Elvis Presley (#85); What Can I Do For You? by LaBelle (#86); I Dreamed Last Night by Justin Hayward and John Lodge (#88); Long Haired Country Boy by the Charlie Daniels Band (#91); Midnight Blue by Melissa Manchester (#93); Minnesota by Northern Light (#94); Granddaddy (Part 1) by New Birth (#95); You Need Love by Styx (#97); Seems Like I Can't Live with You, But I Can't Love Without You by the Guess Who (#98); Big Noise from Winnetka by Spaghetti Head (#99); and I'm Not in Love by 10 C.C. (#100). Seems Like I Can't Live with You, But I Can't Love Without You was the B-side of Dancin' Fool, which had charted several months earlier.

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 It's a Miracle--Barry Manilow
2 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
3 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
4 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
5 Emma--Hot Chocolate
6 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
7 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
8 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
9 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka
10 Rainy Day People--Gordon Lightfoot

Singles entering the chart were On My Way Out West by Jack Cornell (#78); Swing Low Sweet Chariot by Eric Clapton (#97); The Way We Were/Try to Remember by Gladys Knight and the Pips (#98); Hit the Road Jack by the Stampeders (#99); and Too Late to Worry, Too Blue to Cry by Ronnie Milsap (#100).

Winnipeg's top 30 (CFRW)
1 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka (4th week at #1)
2 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
3 Chevy Van--Sammy Johns
4 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
5 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
6 No No Song--Ringo Starr
7 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
8 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
9 Long Tall Glasses (I Can Dance)--Leo Sayer
10 The Immigrant--Neil Sedaka
11 Pinball Wizard--Elton John (LP track)
12 How Long--Ace
13 Autobahn--Kraftwerk
14 Stand by Me--John Lennon
15 Loves Me Like a Brother--The Guess Who
16 You are So Beautiful--Joe Cocker
17 Don't Call Us, We'll Call You--Sugarloaf/Jerry Corbetta
18 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
19 Essence of Joan--Andy Kim
20 It's a Miracle--Barry Manilow
21 Sister Golden Hair--America
22 Killer Queen--Queen
23 Amie--Pure Prairie League
24 In the Mood--Rush
25 Julie--Ian Thomas
26 Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me a Little While)--Charity Brown
27 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
28 Black Water--The Doobie Brothers
29 Old Days--Chicago
30 Poetry Man--Phoebe Snow

Winnipeg's top 30 (CKRC)
1 I Don't Like to Sleep Alone--Paul Anka (3rd week at #1)
2 Jackie Blue--The Ozark Mountain Daredevils
3 Philadelphia Freedom--The Elton John Band
4 He Don't Love You (Like I Love You)--Tony Orlando and Dawn
5 Emma--Hot Chocolate
6 Killer Queen--Queen
7 Stand by Me--John Lennon
8 Bad Time--Grand Funk
9 Pinball Wizard--Elton John (LP track)
10 (Hey Won’t You Play) Another Somebody Done Somebody Wrong Song--B.J. Thomas
11 Lovin' You--Minnie Riperton
12 How Long--Ace
13 I Can Dance--Shooter
14 Only Yesterday--Carpenters
15 Sister Golden Hair--America
16 Shame, Shame, Shame--Shirley (And Company)
17 What am I Gonna Do with You--Barry White
18 Old Days--Chicago
19 Sail on Sailor--The Beach Boys
20 Misty--Ray Stevens
21 Let the Phone Ring--Jim Mancel
22 No No Song--Ringo Starr
23 Magic--Pilot
24 Rainy Day People--Gordon Lightfoot
25 Cum Hear the Band--April Wine
26 Lady Marmalade--LaBelle
27 Julie--Ian Thomas
28 Take Me in Your Arms (Rock Me)--The Doobie Brothers
29 Hey You--Bachman-Turner Overdrive
30 Thank God I'm a Country Boy--John Denver

Died on this date
Harold Kaese,66
. U.S. journalist. Mr. Kaese was a sportswriter with the Boston Evening Transcript from 1933-1941 and Boston Globe from 1943-1973.

Sony introduced the Betamax videocassette recorder in Japan.

Avco World Trophy
Houston 2 @ Quebec 0 (Houston led best-of-seven series 3-0)

Frank Hughes scored 14 seconds into the 2nd period and Poul Popiel scored with 6:12 remaining in regulation time, while Ron Grahame made 34 saves in posting the shutout in goal as the Aeros blanked the Nordiques before 9,775 fans at Le Colisee. Quebec goalie Richard Brodeur made 22 saves.

Pepe Mangual singled home pinch runner Jerry White with 2 out in the bottom of the 8th inning to lift the Montreal Expos to an 8-7 win over the Houston Astros before 16,040 fans at Jarry Park in Montreal. The Expos had allowed the Astros to score 4 runs in the top of the inning to tie the score, but took advantage of Houston third baseman Ken Boswell's error on Barry Foote's ground ball to lead off the bottom of the inning, leading to the winning run, which was unearned.

Catfish Hunter, pitching against his former team for the first time, allowed only 2 hits and struck out 7 as the New York Yankees blanked the Oakland Athletics 3-0 before 23,942 fans at Oakland-Alameda County Coliseum in a game that was over in 1 hour and 37 minutes. Losing pitcher Ken Holtzman allowed 9 hits and 3 earned runs in pitching a complete game.

Frank Tanana allowed just 4 hits and struck out 13 batters as the California Angels blanked the Boston Red Sox 2-0 before a Jacket Night crowd of 43,112 fans at Anaheim Stadium in a game that was over in 1 hour and 41 minutes. Losing pitcher Luis Tiant allowed just 4 hits and 2 earned runs in pitching a complete game.

Hank Aaron batted 3 for 4 and singled home George Scott with the winning run in the 2nd inning, while Pete Broberg and Tom Murphy combined for a 2-hit shutout, as the Milwaukee Brewers blanked the Kansas City Royals 2-0 before 16,425 fans at Royals Stadium. Mr. Broberg allowed 2 hits in 7 innings to earn the win before leaving with a blister on one of his pitching fingers. Mr. Murphy retired all six batters he faced to get the save.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Live is Life--Opus (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): We are the World--USA For Africa (6th week at #1)

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Raptori--Raptori

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Give it a Lash Jack--Liam Harrison and the Goal Celebrities

Died on this date
Walker Percy, 73
. U.S. author. Mr. Percy was based in Covington, Louisiana, and was known for writing novels set in and around New Orleans. His first novel, The Moviegoer (1961), won the National Book Award for Fiction. Mr. Percy joined the Roman Catholic Church in 1947 and his works of fiction and non-fiction reflected his Catholic faith. His best-known work of non-fiction was probably Lost in the Cosmos (1983). Mr. Percy died 18 days short of his 74th birthday.

The United States temporarily withdrew its ambassador to Romania as the U.S. State Department said it was concerned about "irregularities...which raise questions about whether those elections will be free and fair."

20 years ago

U.S. President Bill Clinton and Russian President Boris Yeltsin met in Moscow, but the summit produced few concrete results. Mr. Clinton restated concerns about civilian casualties in the rebel province of Chechnya, against whom Russia was waging a war.

Terry Nichols was charged with "malicious damage and destruction" of a federal building for the April 19 bombing of the James P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City that had killed 169 people.

An Ontario Court judge's ruling gave lesbian couples the right to legally adopt children.

Scientists with the World Health Organization and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control found evidence that a mystery disease in Kikwit, Zaire was caused by the Ebola virus.

Economics and finance
The U.S. Federal Reserve Board said that the pace of economic growth had slowed somewhat during 1995 and that the seven interest-rate increases that it had imposed had kept inflationary pressures under control.

10 years ago

World events
A hand grenade thrown by Vladimir Arutyunian landed about 65 feet (20 metres) from U.S. President George W. Bush while he was giving a speech to a crowd in Tbilisi, Georgia, but it malfunctioned and did not detonate.

Germany dedicated a national memorial to victims of the Holocaust during World War II.

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