Sunday, 6 December 2015

December 6, 2015

240 years ago

American Generals Richard Montgomery and Benedict Arnold put Quebec under siege.

225 years ago

Politics and government
The U.S. Congress moved from New York City to Philadelphia.

150 years ago

The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution was ratified. It reads:

Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

Section 2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

90 years ago

At the movies
His Secretary, starring Norma Shearer, Lew Cody, and Willard Louis, opened in theatres.

Chicago Bears (9-5-3) 19 @ New York (8-4) 7
Chicago Cardinals (9-2-1) 7 @ Pottsville (10-2) 21

Red Grange scored a touchdown in the 4th quarter to help the Bears defeat the Giants before 70,000 fans at the Polo Grounds, the largest crowd yet to see a National Football League game.

The Maroons defeated the Cardinals and thought they had clinched the NFL championship, which was then based on winning percentage. However, the Maroons scheduled an exhibition game against a team of former University of Notre Dame all-stars for December 13 at Shibe Park in Philadelphia, which was ruled by NFL Commissioner Joe Carr to be in violation of the territorial rights of the Frankford Yellow Jackets. Mr. Carr then ordered the Cardinals to play against the Milwaukee Badgers and Hammond Pros, both of whom had disbanded for the season, in order to finish with a higher percentage than the Maroons. The Cardinals won the games--December 11 vs. Milwaukee and December 13 vs. Hammond--and were awarded the league championship, in the years before an actual championship game was played.

70 years ago

At the movies
The Bells of St. Mary's, directed by Leo McCarey, and starring Bing Crosby and Ingrid Bergman, opened in theatres.

60 years ago

Died on this date
Honus Wagner, 81
. U.S. baseball player. Johannes Peter Wagner was a shortstop with the Louisville Colonels (1897-1899) and Pittsburg/Pittsburgh Pirates (1900-1917), batting .327 with 101 home runs and 1,733 runs batted and 722 stolen bases in 2,794 games. He won eight National League batting titles and led the NL five times in runs batted in, and five times in stolen bases. Mr. Wagner is generally regarded as the greatest shortstop in history, and was one of the first five men inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1936.

50 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): El Mundo (Il Mondo)--Jimmy Fontana (8th week at #1)

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 Make it Easy on Yourself--The Walker Brothers (2nd week at #1)
2 Roses and Rainbows--Danny Hutton
3 Look Through Any Window--The Hollies
4 Here it Comes Again--The Fortunes
5 I Found a Girl--Jan & Dean
6 You Really Got a Hold on Me--Little Caesar and the Consuls
7 Just Like Tom Thumb's Blues--Gordon Lightfoot
8 It Was I--The Big Town Boys
9 Tears--Ken Dodd
10 Butterfly--Van McCoy

Singles entering the chart were The Sounds of Silence by Simon & Garfunkel (#36); The Little Girl I Once Knew by the Beach Boys (#37); I Really Love You by Dee Dee Sharp (#38); Yesterday Man by Chris Andrews (#39); and Our World by Johnny Tillotson (#40).

The EP The Beatles' Million Sellers was released on Parlophone Records in the United Kingdom and New Zealand. It contained the songs She Loves You; I Want to Hold Your Hand; Can't Buy Me Love; and I Feel Fine.

The Philadelphia Phillies traded relief pitcher Jack Baldschun to the Baltimore Orioles for pitcher Darold Knowles and outfielder Jackie Brandt. Mr. Baldschun was 5-8 with an earned run average of 3.82 in 65 games with the Phillies in 1965. Mr. Knowles was 0-1 with an ERA of 9.00 in 5 games with the Orioles in 1965 and 11-5 with a 2.53 ERA in 32 games with the Rochester Red Wings of the AAA International League. Mr. Brandt batted .243 with 8 home runs and 24 runs batted in in 96 games with Baltimore in 1965. Mr. Baldschun was traded to the Cincinnati Reds three days later as part of the trade that brought right fielder Frank Robinson to Baltimore.

40 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (Hit Parade Italia): Profondo rosso--Goblin (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (Veronica Top 40): That's the Way (I Like It)--K.C. and the Sunshine Band (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.K.: Bohemian Rhapsody--Queen (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Fly, Robin, Fly--Silver Convention (2nd week at #1)

U.S.A. Top 10 (Cash Box)
1 That's the Way (I Like It)--K.C. and the Sunshine Band (2nd week at #1)
2 Fly, Robin, Fly--Silver Convention
3 Let's Do it Again--The Staple Singers
4 Nights on Broadway--Bee Gees
5 Island Girl--Elton John
6 Saturday Night--Bay City Rollers
7 My Little Town--Simon and Garfunkel
8 Sky High--Jigsaw
9 The Way I Want to Touch You--Captain & Tennille
10 I Write the Songs--Barry Manilow

Singles entering the chart were Let it Shine by Olivia Newton-John (#65); Fly Away by John Denver (#69); Art for Art's Sake by 10 C.C. (#83); Play on Love by Jefferson Starship (#86); Blue Guitar by Justin Hayward and John Lodge (#92); What's Come Over Me by Margie Joseph and Blue Magic (#93); Sunday Sunrise by Anne Murray (#94); Drive My Car by Gary Toms Empire (#95); It's Alright by Graham Central Station (#96); The Homecoming by Hagood Hardy (#97); and For a Dancer by Prelude (#99).

Fleeing from the police, a provisional Irish Republican Army unit took a couple hostage in Balcombe Street, London, beginning a six-day siege.

Boston 4 @ Toronto 2

The Houston Astros traded catcher Milt May and pitchers Dave Roberts and Jim Crawford to the Detroit Tigers for right fielder Leon Roberts, catcher Terry Humphrey, and pitchers Gene Pentz and Mark Lemongello. Mr. May batted .241 with 4 home runs and 52 runs batted in in 111 games with Houston in 1975; Mr. Roberts was 8-14 with an earned run average with an earned run average of 4.27 and 1 save in 32 games, while Mr. Crawford was 3-5 with a 3.62 ERA and 4 saves in 44 games. Mr. Roberts batted .257 with 10 homers and 38 RBIs in 129 games with Detroit in 1975, while Mr. Humphrey hit .244 with no home runs and 1 RBI in 18 games with Detroit, missing most of the season with an injury. Mr. Pentz was 0-4 with a 3.24 ERA in 13 games with the Tigers in 1975, 2-3 with a 3.00 ERA in 16 games with the Evansville Triplets of the AAA American Association, and 4-2 with a 1.64 and 7 saves in 22 games with Montgomery in the AA Southern League. Mr. Lemongello was 7-4 with an ERA of 3.87 in 15 games with Evansville and 6-3 with a 2.52 ERA in 14 games with Montgomery.

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in West Germany (Media Control): Take on Me--A-Ha (5th week at #1)

#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Take on Me--A-Ha (2nd week at #1)

Died on this date
Burleigh Grimes, 92
. U.S. baseball pitcher. Mr. Grimes played the Pittsburgh Pirates (1916-1917, 1928-1929, 1934); Brooklyn Robins (1918-1926); New York Giants (1927); Boston Braves (1930); St. Louis Cardinals (1930-1931, 1932-1933); Chicago Cubs (1932-1933); and New York Yankees (1934), compiling a record of 270-212 with an earned run average of 3.53 in 616 games. He had five seasons with 21 or more wins, and led the NL with 22 wins in 1921 and tied for the league lead with 25 in 1928. Mr. Grimes was famous as the last remaining pitcher to legally throw a spitball; the pitch was outlawed in 1920, but designated active pitchers were allowed to continue using it. Mr. Grimes managed the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1937-1938, compiling a record of 131-171. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1964.

Burr Tillstrom, 68. U.S. puppeteer. Mr. Tillstrom was the creator of the television program Kukla, Fran and Ollie (1947-1957, 1970-1971, 1975).

U.S. Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and British Defense Secretary Michael Heseltine signed an agreement that specified 18 areas of technology in which British defense companies and research establishments were free to compete with U.S. companies and institutions for Strategic Defense Initiative contracts. Neil Kinnock, leader of Britain’s opposition Labour Party, said that SDI was "destabilizing and dangerous."

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported that the nation’s unemployment rate had held nearly steady at 6.9% in November.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice

Died on this date
Tunku Abdul Rahman, 87
. Chief Minister of Malaya, 1955-1957; Prime Minister of Malaya/Malaysia, 1957-1970. Mr. Rahman led the United Malays National Organisation from 1946 until his retirement in 1971. He's widely acknowledged as the founder of modern Malaysia.

A peaceful demonstration took place against plans by Hindu fundamentalists to tear down a mosque in the Indian city of Ayodhya and replace it with a temple to the god Rama, whom they believed was born on the site.

The National Hockey League expanded to 24 teams as Ottawa and Tampa Bay were awarded expansion franchises, to begin play in the 1992-93 season.

20 years ago

Canada committed 1,000 troops, and Germany committed 4,000 to the peacekeeeping force in Bosnia-Herzegovina.

60% of Alberta's 16,000 farmers voted to end the Canadian Wheat Board monopoly and set up a dual marketing system that would allow them the option of bypassing the board when selling their grain.

Economics and finance
The Royal Canadian Mint started manufacturing the new bi-metallic $2 coin with a polar bear on the face; the "Toonie" went into circulation on February 19, 1996, replacing the $2 bill.

Patrick Roy, the two-time Stanley Cup-winning goalie with the Montreal Canadiens, was traded to the Colorado Avalanche with captain Mike Keane for three players in one of the most stunning deals in NHL history. Mr. Roy had been feuding with the Canadiens' new coach, Mario Tremblay.

10 years ago

Died on this date
Devan Nair, 82
. 3rd President of Singapore, 1981-1985. Mr. Nair, a native of Malaysia, was a member of the People's Action party before founding the Democratic Action Party. He resigned as President under uncertain circumstances. Mr. Nair and his wife later moved to the United States and eventually to Hamilton, Ontario, where he died after suffering severe dementia.

Danny Williams, 63. South African-born U.K. singer. Mr. Williams was best known for his hit singles Moon River (1961) and White on White (1964). He died of lung cancer.

Politics and government
In a postal ballot, David Cameron defeated David Davis 134,446-64,398 to become the leader of the British Conservative Party, replacing the departing Michael Howard.

Several villagers were shot dead during protests in Dongzhou, China.

An Iranian Air Force C-130 military transport aircraft crashed into a 10-floor apartment building in a residential area of Tehran, killing all 84 on board and 44 more on the ground.

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