250 years ago
Born on this date
Eli Whitney. U.S. inventor. Mr. Whitney invented the cotton gin--a labour-saving device that removes the seeds from cotton--in 1794. He died of prostate cancer on January 8, 1825 at the age of 59.
125 years ago
The Alberta Railway and Coal Company Railway opened its Lethbridge-Great Falls line for business.
100 years ago
Canadian physician John McCrae's poem In Flanders Fields was first published in Punch magazine.
75 years ago
On the radio
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Basil Rathbone and Nigel Bruce, on NBC
Tonight’s episode: Black Peter
The German freighter Idarwald was reported captured by the British cruiser Diomede off the coast of Cuba inside the American neutrality zone. Admrial Domenico Cavagnari resigned as chief of staff of the Italian Navy, and was succeeded by Admiral Arturo Riccardi.
Economics and finance
A letter from British Prime Minister Winston Churchill delivered to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt warned that the loss of British shipping in the Atlantic Ocean was reaching the crisis stage. He added that "the moment approaches when we shall no longer be able to pay cash" for military supplies and equipment.
U.S. Senator Elbert Thomas (Democrat--Utah) proposed that the United States cancel the United Kingdom's $5-billion war debt in exchange for U.S. control of all British colonies in the Western Hemisphere except Canada, to be effective until two years after the end of the European war.
The Labor Policies Advisory Committee of the U.S. National Defense Advisory Commission pledged labour's cooperation with the national defense program, and promised not to impede production before all conciliation facilities of the federal government had been exhausted.
The National Women's Party meeting in Washington adopted resolutions to fight legal discrimination against women and to conduct an extensive campaign to have the United States Congress pass an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
Chicago Bears 73 @ Washington 0
The Bears, who had lost 7-3 to the Redskins three weeks earlier, scored 11 touchdowns in the most lopsided game in NFL history. 36,034 attended the game at Griffith Stadium, almost all of whom went home disappointed.
70 years ago
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): It's Been a Long, Long Time--Bing Crosby with The Les Paul Trio
Allied Supreme Commander in the Pacific General Douglas MacArthur ordered the trial of Lieutenant General Masaharu Homma--who oversaw the "Bataan Death March--and the trials of four other Japanese commanders in the Philippines.
Peronistas fired into a mass meeting of the Democratic Union in Buenos Aires, killing 4 people and wounding 40.
United Auto Workers of America rejected U.S. President Harry Truman's appeal to end its 18-day strike against General Motors, and denounced his legislative proposals.
60 years ago
Floyd Patterson (27-1) scored a technical knockout of Jimmy Slade (32-16-5) at 2:05 of the 7th round of a heavyweight bout at Olympic Auditorium in Los Angeles.
50 years ago
Pope Paul VI adjourned the fourth session of the Second Vatican Council, concluding the ecumenical council that had been convoked by his predecessor, Pope John XXIII, and opened on October 11, 1962.
The Race Relations Act came into force in the United Kingdom, making racial discrimination unlawful in public places. Discrimination in housing and employment wasn't then covered by the act.
40 years ago
#1 single in Australia (Kent Music Report): Mamma Mia--ABBA (6th week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Sentimental--Hiromi Iwasaki
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): Amor, amor--Lolita
Politics and government
In the Yellowknife civic election, former Mayor Fred Henne had 843 votes to 836 for incumbent Bob Findlay, necessitating a judicial recount on January 2, 1976.
Indonesian troops sized Dili, the capital of East Timor.
The United States vetoed a United Nations Security Council resolution to condemn Israel for air attacks against Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon.
Denver (5-7) 10 @ Oakland (10-2) 17
The San Francisco Giants traded pitcher Pete Falcone to the St. Louis Cardinals for third baseman Ken Reitz. Mr. Falcone posted a record of 12-11 with an earned run average of 4.17 in 34 games with the Giants in 1975, while batting .062 with no home runs or runs batted in. Mr. Reitz batted .269 with 5 home runs and 63 RBIs in 161 games with the Cardinals in 1975.
30 years ago
Politics and government
Marco Vinicio Cerezo Arevalo, a member of the Christian Democrats, won a runoff election by a 2-1 margin to become the first civilian President of Guatemala in more than 30 years. His party also won a narrow majority in the national congress and gained control of a majority of the nation’s municipalities. Mr. Cerezo, a lawyer said he would introduce a "rule of law" and close a branch of the police implicated in the kidnappings and killings of leftists.
The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries announced after a ministerial meeting in Geneva that it would abandon its official pricing structure in favour of a new strategy of trying to increase its share of the world market.
25 years ago
#1 single in Australia (ARIA): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (3rd week at #1)
#1 single in Japan (Oricon Singles Chart): Silent Eve--Midori Karashima (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
#1 single in Spain (PROMUSICAE): I've Been Thinking About You--Londonbeat
#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Show Me Heaven--Maria McKee (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in France (SNEP): Une femme avec une femme--Mecano (5th week at #1)
#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Unchained Melody--The Righteous Brothers (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.K. (Chart Information Network): Ice Ice Baby--Vanilla Ice (2nd week at #1)
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B
U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 I’m Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston (2nd week at #1)
2 Because I Love You (The Postman Song)--Stevie B
3 From a Distance--Bette Midler
4 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
5 Groove is in the Heart--Deee-Lite
6 The Way You Do the Things You Do--UB40
7 Something to Believe In--Poison
8 Impulsive--Wilson Phillips
9 More Than Words Can Say--Alias
10 High Enough--Damn Yankees
Singles entering the chart that week were Do the Bartman by the Simpsons (#44--album track); Play That Funky Music by Vanilla Ice (#62); Moneytalks by AC/DC (#67); Shelter Me by Cinderella (#69); House Full of Reasons by Jude Cole (#70); Around the Way Girl by L.L. Cool J (#774); Where Does My Heart Beat Now by Celine Dion (#78); The Swalk by Notorious (#80); and Crash (Have Some Fun) by TKA (with Michelle Visage) (#83).
Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 More than Words Can Say--Alias (3rd week at #1)
3 Love Takes Time--Mariah Carey
4 Something to Believe In--Poison
5 Impulsive--Wilson Phillips
6 So Close--Daryl Hall John Oates
7 I’m Your Baby Tonight--Whitney Houston
8 From a Distance--Bette Midler
9 Miracle--Jon Bon Jovi
10 One and Only Man--Steve Winwood
Singles entering the chart were Wicked Game by Chris Isaak (#70); Wiggle It by 2 in a Room (#84); I Stand in Wonder by Rita Coolidge (#90); I Couldn't Help Myself by Sara Hickman (#93); Operator Central by Haywire (#94); Give it Up by Colin James and Bonnie Raitt (#95); Liberty by Kon Kan (#98); Feels Good by Tony! Toni! Tone! (#99); and World in My Eyes by Depeche Mode (#100).
20 years ago
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Earth Song--Michael Jackson
#1 single in Sweden (Topplistan): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (7th week at #1)
Died on this date
Philip Lawrence, 48. U.K. schoolteacher. Mr. Lawrence, a head teacher at St George's Roman Catholic School, Maida Vale, London, died after being stabbed outside the school while helping a 13-year-old pupil who was being assaulted by a gang.
The Grateful Dead announced that they were breaking up, four months after the death of lead guitarist Jerry Garcia.
Politics and government
The Canadian government of Prime Minister Jean Chretien agreed to British Columbia's demands, giving the province a constitutional veto, along with each of Québec, Ontario, Atlantic Canada, and the 3 remaining western provinces. The government also announced a $1.5-billion deal to privatize the country's air traffic control network, the first large-scale transfer of government services to the private sector.
Chinese authorities enthroned their choice as Panchem Lama, six days after Tibetan monks had begun a hunger strike to protest the detention of the Dalai Lama's candidate.
10 years ago
Canadian scientists at a conference in Montreal said that the Great Lakes were losing their ability to cope with environmental stress and ward off a catastrophic breakdown; they blamed the disappearance of wetlands and the degradation of shorelines.
The Bowery Boys’ William Shakespeare Collection: Four stories of the Bard and the big city - William Shakespeare died 402 years ago today — April 23, 1616. Seven years earlier, his countryman Henry Hudson, sailing for The post The Bowery Boys’ Wi...
6 hours ago