Monday, 7 December 2015

December 7, 2015

200 years ago

Died on this date
Michel Ney, 46
. French military officer. Marshal Ney was a commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, and was one of 18 Marshals of the Empire created by Napoleon Bonaparte. After Napoleon's defeat in the Battle of Waterloo and subsequent exile, Marshal Ney was charged with treason. He was executed in Paris by firing squad after being convicted by the Chamber of Peers.

100 years ago

Born on this date
Leigh Brackett
. U.S. authoress and screenwriter. Miss Brackett was primarily a writer of science fiction stories and novels, but also wrote or co-wrote the screenplays to movies such as The Big Sleep (1946); Rio Bravo (1959); El Dorado (1967); and The Empire Strikes Back (1980). She died on March 18, 1978 at the age of 62.

Eli Wallach. U.S. actor. Mr. Wallach was a character actor in plays, movies, and television programs for more than 60 years. His movies included Baby Doll (1956); The Magnificent Seven (1960); and The Misfits (1961). Mr. Wallach died on June 24, 2014 at the age of 98.

80 years ago

Grey Cup @ Hamilton Amateur Athletic Grounds, Hamilton
Winnipeg 18 Hamilton 12

6,405 fans at Hamilton Amateur Athletic Association Grounds were shocked to see the Winnipeg Rugby Football Club defeat the Tigers on a rainy day to become the first western team to win the Grey Cup. Winnipeg amassed 367 yards in kick returns, with Fritz Hanson accounting for about 300 yards. WRFC got off to a fast start when Herb Peschel recovered the opening kickoff at the Hamilton 18-yard line. Quarterback Russ Rebholz promptly threw a touchdown pass to Bud Marquardt. The convert attempt was unsuccessful, and Winnipeg led 5-0. Frank Turville kicked a field goal for the Tigers to reduce the Winnipeg lead to 5-3 after the 1st quarter. Greg Kabat scored a Winnipeg touchdown in the 2nd quarter, converted by Mr. Rebholz. Mr. Turville and Mr. Kabat each punted for a single, and Winnipeg led 12-4 at halftime. In the 3rd quarter, Bert Oja of WRFC was penalized for rough play, which in those days involved the penalized player being sent off the field for 3 minutes. While Winnipeg was playing a man short, Wilf Patterson scored a Hamilton touchdown, converted by Mr. Turville, to make the score 12-10. Later in the quarter, Huck Welch’s punt was taken by Mr. Hanson at his own 32-yard line, and he broke free for a 78-yard touchdown. Mr. Rebholz converted to give WRFC an 18-10 lead after 3 quarters. The Tigers scored the only points of the 4th quarter when Winnipeg’s Joe Perpich was downed in his end zone after a bad snap prevented him from punting. In addition to his touchdown, Mr. Hanson returned 7 kicks for 35-50 yards. WRFC outrushed the Tigers 125 yards to 48 and gained 87 yards on 3 pass completions to 38 yards on 2 completed passes for Hamilton.

75 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Only Forever--Bing Crosby (8th week at #1)

Grey Cup
Toronto Balmy Beach 5 @ Ottawa 12 (Ottawa won 2-game total points series 20-7)

Only 1,700 fans--the smallest crowd in Grey Cup history--showed up at Lansdowne Park to see the Rough Riders win their first Grey Cup in 14 years. Tommy Daley of the Rough Riders scored the only Ottawa touchdown. Tiny Herman converted and added a single, and Sammy Sward punted for 5 singles. Bobby Porter, who had scored both Balmy Beach points in the first game, accounted for all the Balmy Beach scoring in the second game with a touchdown.

70 years ago

At the movies
House of Dracula, starring Lon Chaney, Jr., Martha O'Driscoll, John Carradine, Lionel Atwill, and Glenn Strange, opened in theatres.

60 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in France (IFOP): L'Homme et l'Enfant--Eddie & Tania Constantine

Politics and government
Former British Prime Minister Clement Attlee, 72, resigned as leader of the British Labour Party, and was made an Earl hours later by Queen Elizabeth II. Herbert Morrison replaced him as interim party leader until a permanent leader could be chosen.

50 years ago

On television tonight
The Fugitive, starring David Janssen, on ABC
Tonight's episode: Stranger in the Mirror, with guest stars William Shatner, Norman Fell, and Julie Sommars

The Soviet probe Luna 8 crashed in the Ocean of Storms on the Moon, four days after launch.

Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras I simultaneously read out the Catholic–Orthodox Joint Declaration of 1965, revoking mutual excommunications between leaders of the Roman Catholic Church and the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople that had been in place since the Great Schism of 1054.

George Chuvalo (34-10-2) won a 10-round decision over Joe Bygraves (42-27-2) in a heavyweight bout at Royal Albert Hall in London.

40 years ago

Died on this date
Thornton Wilder, 78
. U.S. author. Mr. Wilder won Pulitzer Prizes for the novel The Bridge of San Luis Rey (1927) and the plays Our Town (1938) and The Skin of Our Teeth (1942).

Indonesian forces invaded East Timor, leading to a 25-year occupation. Portugal severed diplomatic relations with Indonesia and called for United Nations Security Council action.

Cuban forces using Soviet-made equipment allegedly spearheaded a drive by pro-Communist forces in Angola.

Ken Read of Canada won the FIS World Cup downhhill race at Val d'Isère, France, with a time of 2:04:97. It was the first major win for the "Crazy Canucks" - Mr. Read, Dave Irwin, Jim Hunter, and Steve Podborski - who also finished in the top ten against the Europeans.

New York Jets (3-9) 30 @ New England (3-9) 28
Baltimore (8-4) 21 @ New York Giants (3-9) 0
Washington (8-4) 30 @ Atlanta (3-9) 27
Los Angeles (10-2) 14 @ New Orleans (2-10) 7
Cincinnati (10-2) 31 @ Philadelphia (3-9) 0
Cleveland (2-10) 17 @ Pittsburgh (11-1) 31
Buffalo (7-5) 21 @ Miami (9-3) 31
Dallas (8-4) 17 @ St. Louis (9-3) 31
San Diego (1-11) 28 @ Kansas City (5-7) 20
Detroit (6-6) 21 @ Chicago (3-9) 25
Green Bay (3-9) 3 @ Minnesota (11-1) 24
Houston (8-4) 27 @ San Francisco (5-7) 13

30 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Italy (FIMI): Election Day--Arcadia (3rd week at #1)

#1 single in Flanders (Ultratop 50): Only Love--Nana Mouskouri (7th week at #1)

#1 single in the Netherlands (De Nederlandse Top 40): Nikita--Elton John

#1 single in Ireland (IRMA): I'm Your Man--Wham!

#1 single in the U.K.: I'm Your Man--Wham! (2nd week at #1)

#1 single in the U.S.A. (Billboard): Broken Wings--Mr. Mister

U.S. top 10 (Cash Box)
1 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
2 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
3 We Built This City--Starship
4 You Belong to the City--Glenn Frey
5 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
6 Never--Heart
7 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
8 Who’s Zoomin’ Who--Aretha Franklin
9 Lay Your Hands on Me--Thompson Twins
10 Sleeping Bag--ZZ Top

Singles entering the chart were My Hometown by Bruce Springsteen (#49); How Will I Know by Whitney Houston (#55) Living In America by James Brown (#84); One Vision by Queen (#85); Go by Asia (#87); and Somewhere by Barbra Streisand (#90). Living in America was from the movie Rocky IV. One Vision was from the movie Iron Eagle (1986).

Canada's top 10 (RPM)
1 We Built This City--Starship
2 Separate Lives--Phil Collins and Marilyn Martin
3 Broken Wings--Mr. Mister
4 Alive and Kicking--Simple Minds
5 Part-Time Lover--Stevie Wonder
6 Tarzan Boy--Baltimora
7 Say You, Say Me--Lionel Richie
8 Situation Critical--Platinum Blonde
9 Love Theme from St. Elmo's Fire--David Foster
10 Oh Sheila--Ready for the World

Singles entering the chart were When the Going Gets Tough, the Tough Get Going by Billy Ocean (#77); Go Home by Stevie Wonder (#79); Rock Me Amadeus by Falco (#81); Take Me Home by Phil Collns (#84); The Sweetest Taboo by Sade (#86); Secret by OMD (#87); Let Me Down Easy by Roger Daltrey (#90); and With a Little Help from My Friends by Kick Axe (#96).

Died on this date
Robert Graves, 90
. U.K. author and poet. Mr. Graves produced over 140 works, including the World War I memoir Good-bye to All That (1929) and the historical novel I, Claudius (1934).

Potter Stewart, 70. U.S. jurist. Mr. Stewart was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower for the U.S. Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals, where he served from 1954-1958 before being nominated by Mr. Eisenhower for the Supreme Court of the United States, where he served as an Associate Justice from 1958-1981. He was regarded as a centrist on the Supreme Court.

In the closest balloting in the history of the Heisman Trophy, running back Bo Jackson of Auburn edged Iowa quarterback Chuck Long by 45 votes of the 2,973 cast.

25 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Germany (Media Control): Sadeness (Part I)--Enigma (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Joan Bennett, 80
. U.S. actress. Miss Bennett appeared in more than 70 movies, but was probably best known for her co-starring roles in The Woman in the Window (1944) and Scarlet Street (1945).

Dee Clark, 52. U.S. singer. Mr. Clark had a string of hit singles from 1959-1961. His last and biggest hit, Raindrops, reached #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and reached #1 in several other countries. Like many other singers of his era, Mr. Clark ended up in poverty, and he died of a heart attack, three years after suffering a stroke.

World events
Eight days of violent clashes between Muslims and Hindus in several Indian cities began in Aligarh and Hyderabad, cities with large Muslim populations. Hindu fundamentalists in Ayodhya, a city near Aligarh, wanted to tear down a mosque and build a temple to the god Rama, whom they believed was born on the site.

Politics and government
Polish Premier Tadeusz Mazowiecki, who had been eliminated from contention in the first round of elections for the Polish presidency, urged members of the Solidarity trade union movement to close ranks behind its leader, Lech Walesa, who was leading after the first round of voting.

Economics and finance
The United States Labor Department reported the nation’s unemployment rate in November at 5.9%, up from 5.7% in October. The November percentage was the highest in three years. The number of payroll jobs lost in October and November was put at 445,000, the greatest for any two consecutive months since the 1982 recession.

20 years ago

Hit parade
#1 single in Finland (Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (4th week at #1)

#1 single in Denmark (Nielsen Music Control & IFPI): Gangsta's Paradise--Coolio featuring L.V. (5th week at #1)

Died on this date
Kathleen Harrison, 103
. U.K. actress. Miss Harrison was a character actress who appeared in numerous plays, movies, and television programs in a career that spanned more than 60 years.

The Galileo spacecraft arrives at Jupiter, a little more than six years after it had been launched by the U.S. space shuttle Atlantis during mission STS-34. A 746-pound probe from the spacecraft hurtled into Jupiter's atmosphere, sending back data to the mothership before it was destroyed.

The British Columbia Legislature became the first provincial legislature in Canada to pass regulations for auto makers to provide less-polluting vehicles.

10 years ago

At the movies
The World's Fastest Indian, starring Anthony Hopkins and Diane Ladd, opened in theatres in New Zealand.

Died on this date
Bud Carson, 75
. U.S. football coach. Mr. Carson was head coach at Georgia Institute of Technology from 1967-1971 and then spent the next quarter-century as an assistant coach with various National Football League teams. He was best known as the defensive coordinator with the Pittsburgh Steelers' Super Bowl championship teams of 1974-75 and 1975-76.

Rigoberto Alpizar, 44. Costa Rican-born U.S. terrorism suspect. Mr. Alpizar was a passenger on American Airlines Flight 924 who allegedly claimed to have a bomb, and was shot and killed by a team of U.S. federal air marshals at Miami International Airport.

World events
Ante Gotovina, a Croatian army general accused of war crimes but later acquitted, was captured in the Playa de las Américas, Tenerife, by Spanish police.

At a conference in Montreal, the European Union and Canada pressured the United States to join an international pact to curb greenhouse gas emissions and limit the predicted chaos from global warming.

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